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Founded on Wrong Principles 3 

The Morgan Times 4 

The Seattle Convention. 5 

Defrauding the Ballot 7 

Time to Renounce the Lodge 8 

Letter to Mr. Moody 8 

Valuable Testimonies 10 

Fraudulent Masonic Salvation. 10 

Seceders' Testimonies 10 

-Editorial— Mission of Reform Work 12 

Tired of Reform. 13 

In. the Putty Business 13 

Poisoning the Wells 13 

Minimizing the Atonement 14 

What Broke the Current 15 

Holy Spirit Withdrawn. 15 

Lincoln Not a Mason 15« 

Secret Societies and Churches.. 16- 

Crippled for Life 17 

Another Initiation Injury 17 

Fatal Initiation IT 

Our New Lecturer. 18 

Brother Ronayne's Book. 18- 

Outnumbering the Churches 19 

Masonry the Same in Europe 19 

The Puritans 19 

News of Our Work 20 

Seattle Convention Again 21 

William Slosson 22: 

Tribute to a Brother. 22: 

From Our Mail 23- 

New Publications . 24 


••The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa,, in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 

and agents are also the Free Methodist, ©on- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical, 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, III. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T, Campbell, Mon- 
mouth, 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Seemfrary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison str,>et, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure— Rev. M. A. 
Qault. 221 West Madison street. Chicago. 


T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple', Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard. Washington, D. (X 


Volume XXXII 

May, 1 899, to April, 1 900. 


Mission of Reformers 12 

The Tried Evangelists 13 

Poisoning the Wells. 13 

Minimizing the Atonement 14 

Secret Societies vs. Churches 16 

From Inside the Lodge 48 

Liable for Past Assessments 49 

Noted Secret Societies in America. ... 49 
Not Charitables— Decision Supreme 

Court 50 

Ban on Hibernian Order 69 

Masonic Penalties 69 

Secret Societies in Politics 70 

Political Possibilities for Anti-Lodge 

Voters 74 

Charity Enforced by Court 77 

Warm Friends Alienated (J. O. A. M.) 78 

Risky Initiations 79 

Out with Oriental (M. W. of A.) 79 

Which College 108 

Chinese Masons 109 

City Was Wide Open 109 

A Good Enough Religion Ill 

An ex-Chinese Mason 116 

Capt. Wm. Morgan, Wife and Daugh- 
ter 131-133 

The Morgan Monument 133 

Washington and Capital Corner Stone. . 143 

Look up the Delinquents 143 

"Never Grand Master" 142 

Biographies of Washington 161 

Washington's Letter 162 

Washington's Opportunities 162 

The Liberty Bell 163 

Business Value of Secret Societies. . . . 163 

Fails of His Benefit 165 

Trades Union Insurance Bill (Mass.). 166 

Charity Has Its Limits 166 

May Die from Initiation 167 

Ascension of Jesus Commemorated. . . 167 
Effect of Secrecy on the Mind. (Mc- 

Cosh) 168 

Pythian Knight on Snips 185 

Keep Your Dues Paid Up. 210 

Whited Sepulchers zl2 

"Charity" Humbug Exposed 212 

Fraternity Without a Lodge 212 

Better than Church 213 

Verify Washington History 228 

Washington Masonic Record 229 

Washington Burial Directions 231 

General and Particular Sins 232 

Mormon Statistics 

Labor Unions 

Dwight L. Moody 258, 259, 

President J. Q. Adams— Washington. . 

An Astounding Assertion 

Contradicting Washington 

The Lie Direct 

Washington's Case Not Final 

The Veda as Good as the Bible. 

Imaginary Masonry 

The Elks' Secret Out 

Chapter and Verse Wanted 


Masonic Criticism of Masonry. 

He Is a Fraud 

Only Truth Consistent 

Solemnity of Funeral Ceremonies. . . . 
Moral Science and Masonic Obliga- 

Held Civil Oath Superior 

Presidents Harper, Rogers and Adams 

on College Fraternities 

Are Preachers Partial? 

A Good Enough Religion 

Practical Methods 

The Masonic Chart 

Beginners' Books 

A Positive Curse for a Negative Fault 

The Devourer 

Even So— Dr. Franklin 

Masonic Proof 

Chinese Secret Societies 

The Mafia in Italy 

Their Moral Standard 

An Expert Editorial Opinion 

American and York Rite 


Continued Trouble at Cornell 

Masonic Honor to McKinley 

Inherent Tendency 

Makes No Difference 

Tyler and Cynosure Agree 

Not Secret 

Cipher Rituals 

Masonry or Christianity 

Elizabeth E. Flagg 

Responsibility for Accidents 

Masonic Brewers 

Shocked the Foresters 

Yale Secret Societies 

Buffalo Conspiracy Trial 

Plan for Knights' Ball 

The Usual Penalty. 

The Defense of Secret Societies 





Needless 410 

Worcester Freemasons and "House of 

Worship" 411 

A Poor Rule 411 

Masons Called Sectarian 412 


Founded on Wrong Principles 3 

Remembers Morgan Times 4, 7 

Time to Renounce the Lodge 8 

Letter to D. L. Moody 8 

Valuable Testimonies 9 

Fraudulent Salvation 10 

Outnumbering the Churches 19 

The Puritans 19 

The Old, Old Road 42 

A Mockery of Religion 43 

United Presbyterian Testimony. . .43, 93 
A Mason's Impeachment of Masonry. 44 
Address. (Rev. W. E. Barton, D. D.) . 45 
Address. (President C. A. Blanchard) 39 

Conflict of the Ages 47 

United Brethren Testimony 51, 

A Boy's Idea of Masonry 51 

Death by Lodge Initiation 55 

God's Hand in Our Movement 56 

United Evangelical Churches 93 

New England Letter, Lodge Marriage 
Ceremonies, Masonic Brewers, 
Catholic Masons, Bishop Potter's 

Plan 83, 84 

W. C. T. U. Resolution 87 

The College to Which Christian Par- 
ents Should Send Their Children . . 98 

The Icing's Meat 100 

Anti-Secretists Instructed 101 

Those Mysterious Verdicts 102 

Lodge Lewdness 105, 106 

New England Type and History 134 

Why We Oppose the Lodges 136 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Revela- 
tions 138 

Reform Presbyterian Testimony 147 

Prohibition vs. Masonry 149 

Masonry vs. Railroad Men 150 

Lodgeism a False Gospel. 151 

The W. C. T. U 151 

The Lodge Rejects Christ :• . 152 

Lionel— A Story 153 

Pastors, Attention 170 

Knights Templar Conclave 170 

Endowment Fund 171 

Commends The Cynosure 172 

Phi Delta Theta , 173 

Testimony Converted Heathen 174 

Mormonism 176 

Masonic Ruffianism 178 

Devilish Delusions 168 

The Roman Papacy 195 

The Bible Reading 196 

Secretism Ruins Souls 197 

Burial of Washington 198 

Purrow Secret Societies in Rebellion. 200 
Devil Society in West Africa. 202 

See Lodges in Turkey 203 

Separation in China 204 

Jesuits and Freemasons One in Heart 204 

Masonry and Our Public Schools 207 

Masonry and Rome 208 

Washington's Reticence 209 

Gov. Ritner on General Washington . . 209 

Spurious Letters of Washington 209 

W. C. T. U. and Eastern Star 21& 

Secret Temperance Orders 214 

Kite to Carry the Lodge 215 

German Baptist Testimony 217 

Rebuking Public Vices 234 

A "Touching" Incident 236 

"Friends'" Good Example 237 

The Lodge Creed 237 

Mormonism as an Oath Bound Or- 
ganization 238- 

Cornell's Human Sacrifice 239 

Institutions of Deviltry and Learning 240' 

The Death of Berkeley 241 

Katipunan Society 243 

The Philippines K. K. K 244 

The Cruel "Three K's" 246 

A Modern Woodman's Confession. . . . 253 

How Did Christ Treat Error 260 

A Minister's Reasons 260 

A Silver Anniversary W. C. T. U 261 

Mark Twain on Lying 264 

Some of My Reasons 265 

Pastoral Treatment of Secretists 267 

Secret Political Associations 268 

The Lodge and the Home 288 

The Master's Story 291 

Freemasonry an Ethical Church 292 

Charity Lodge 301 

The Lodge the Foe of Independence. . 301 

Whahoo News 302 

Protecting the Masons 302 

Donations 305 

Old Time Secrecy Discussion. 322 

Church Statistics and Lessons 323 

West Africa 324 

Norway 324 

Jehosaphat's Affinity with Ahab 325 

Order of Elks 326 

Sons of Idle Rest 327 

Ex-President Fee on Secrecy 327 

Symposium on College Societies 328 

Many Incidents in College Initiations . 328 
In His Steps; or, What Would Jesus 

Do? 355 

History Roman Papacy 356 

Obligations Imposed by Secret Socie- 
ties 358 

Funeral of Ying Hing 363 

Chinese Mason 33d. Coming 364 

History of the Mafia 36& 

Mafia Fights All Italy , . . 367 

Is Masonry a Religion? 387 

The Mystic Shrine 395 

Friends Rule on Secrecy 394 

What Does It Mean? 394 

Washington and McKinley Contrasted 395 
The Element of Secrecy in Labor Un- 
ions 408 

Christian Reformed (Holland) Church 404 

Open Letter to C. Branch 405 

Effect of the Lodge on Womanhood. . 406 


H. Worthington Judd 10 

Jarvis F. Hanks 11 

Andrew C. Jensen 11 

E. Roynane n 

Rev. Wm. Jacoby 38, 39 

Preston S. Clement 88 

C. A. Buhland 89 

W. R. Britt Ill 

A. Larsen 179 

Rev. John Collins 17, 92, 95, 387 

Gertrude A. Scott 180 

Jasper J. Tucker 221 

Rev. J. B. Crooks 237 

Prof. C. A. Lewis 247 

A. J. Vandenberg 247 

Simon A. Scarvie 294 

Rev. Judson H. Klein 295 

Edwin C. Roberts 295 

George Sinsley 295 

T. B. Paramore 348 

T. R. Evans 348 

Rev. J. K. Glassford 387 


National, at Chicago 33 

Seattle, Washington 5, 21 

Pennsylvania 109 

Tacoma, Washington 131, 217 

Ohio State Meeting 219 

Michigan State Meeting. 251 

Ohio and New York 253 

Iowa State Meeting 279 

New England Convention 281 

New York Convention 286 

Pennsylvania State Rally 336 

Missouri State Rally } 337 

Illinois State Rally 377 

New Castle, Pa 381 

Echoes from Pennsylvania 413 


Joseph O. Herbert 17 

Henry Yeager 17 

Wm. N. Green 17 

Chester Jessup 55 

Frank Focht 79 

Roy Terry 160, 167 

Edward Fairfax Berkeley 241 

Mr. Lawrence 240 

Martin V. Bergen 328 

Cornell Professor Talks 328 

Poon Gee and Low Soon 402 

Responsibility for Accidents 402 


Elder Isaac Bancroft 178 

John B. White 59 

Mrs. Mary M. Carnes 1*05 

Horace L. Hastings. 246 

Wm. H. Dawson 246 

Mrs. Sarah Maria Buck 297 

Clayton G. F. Miller 297 

Almeda Kent Bailey 297 

Capt. Arthur O. Howell '. 339 

Mary R. Bissell 340 

Wm. J. Robinson, D. D 340 

Elder John Hunter 342 

Hiram L. Erb 389 

Jabez L. Burrell 389 

Miss E. E. Flagg 421 


Pages. .23, 24, 90, 118-120, 300-303, 338, 

339, 384-386, 419-421 

Pages 114, 148-149, 180-182, 297, .298 

beth E. Flagg.) 
Pages. 83, 84, 115-118, 149-151, 176-179, 

206-208, 255, 298-300 

Pages... 20-23, 80-82, 111-113, 155-157, 
187-189, 217, 221, 251-255, 336--33S, 

376-384, 413-419 
Pages. .213-216, 247, 248, 289, 290, 342- 

344, 390, 391, 422-426 


In May, 1899— William Slosson. 

In July, 1899— George Washington, Ulys- 
ses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln, Will- 
iam H. Seward, Thaddeus Stevens. 

In September, 1899— Capt. Wm. Morgan, 
Wm. Morgan's daughter, Mrs. Evalina 
Mather, Twentieth Century Religion. 

In October, 1800 — John Marshall, James 
McCosh, D. D., LL. D. 

In November, 1899— George Washington, 
Tasso's Purrow Society Off, Miss 
Mary B. Mullen, Wyckoff sisters, Mrs. 
Mary M. Carnes. 

In December, 1899— Rev. Henry C. King, 
D. D., Jonathan Blanchard, Two Em- 
blems of the Cruel Three K's. 

In January, 1900— Dwight L. Moody, Rev. 
M. Loy, D. D., Simon A. Scarvie, the 
Real Lodge Goat. 

In February, 1900— Masonic Chart, Wm. 
J. Robinson, D. D. 

In March, 1900— Capt. J. D. Taylor. Fun- 
eral of Ying Hing, Rev. P. B. Williams. 
Blind Man's Bluff in the Woods, E. Ro- 

In April, 1900— Miss E. E. Flagg, N. C. A. 
Building at Chicago, Rev. W. B. Stod- 


Out with "Oriental" 79 

From Ritual M. W. A 86 

A Modern Woodman's Confession. . . . 253 

Secret Insurance 289 

A Shout in the Woods. 396 

Own Their Own Hall 427 

The Lutheran Witness 124 


The New Expansion 87 


Annie L. Harwell, Past President. . . . 175 

Confession Is Good for the Soul 290 

Can't the Hours Be Limited, Too? 305 


Daughters of Erin Reorganized 248 

A Troop Cometh 289 


Tendered a Smoker 290 


Some Men Try Soliciting New Mem- 
bers 304 

The Pythian World 304 

An Application for the Ranks of 

Knighthood 304 

The Roman Catholic Church 305 

From Three Lodges 348 

Trouble Among Pythians 349 

Publishes Names of Suspended Mem- 
bers 427 

Quotes Sentences from Ritual 427 

The Order Is Not Reformatory 428 

The Pythian Knights on Snips 185 

The Silly Story of the Lodge Goat 303 


The Progressive Pedro Party 222 

The Bigotry of Many Centuries 222 

A Dancing Party Followed 222, 300 

Essenism Means the Brotherhood of 
Man •. 303 


W. C. T. U. and Eastern Star 213 

What Shall the Harvest Be? 104 

Order of the Amaranth 289 

G. A. R. 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 


There Are Thousands of Red Men . . . 104 
The Improved Order of Red Men. . . . 416 
If a Medical Examination Is Required 117 
I am Glad to Report a Large Increase 

in the 117 

We Thank the Great Spirit that the. . 117 
Great Incohonees, Great Talk at a Red 

Men's 159 

The Proposition to Debar Persons, In- 
toxicating Liquors 304 

The Question of Political or Religious 

Creed 304 

See pages 104, 116, 159 


The Woman's Lodge 104 


Please Stop 103 


Why? 103 


Mystic Shrine 184, 395 


Katipunan Societies of the Philippines 243 

"Ban on Hibernian Order" 69 


Joy Over Blow to Mafia 311 

Foreign News Notes 366 

Akin to Freemasonry 367 


Warm Friends Alienated 78 


Trades Union Insurance Bill Passed 
over Governor's Veto in Massachu- 
setts 166 

The Element of Secrecy in Labor Un- 
ions 403 

Buffalo Conspiracy Trial 408 

See page 227 


Grangers and Whist 426 


The Elks' Secret Out 273 

Benevolent and Protective Order of 

Elks 326 


A Bid for Boys 423 


Shocked the Foresters . 403 


Wealth of College Fraternities 60 

Phi Delta Theta 173 

Cornell's Human Sacrifice 239 

Institutions of Deviltry and Learning. 240 

Lying 241 

College Rowdyism Inexcusable 328 

Princeton Students Responsible for 

the Death of a Freshman 328 

Cornell Professor Talks 328 

Would Kill Yale Secret Societies 397 

Yale Secret Societies 408 

See also pages 241, 243, 328 


Woodmen of the World 350 


Mormonism 176 

Mormonism an Oath-bound Organiza- 
tion 238 


Secret Societies in Rebellion 200 

Devil Secret Societies in West Africa. 202 


Jesuits and Freemasonry One in Heart 204 


Secret Temperance Orders 214 



Odd fellowship .55 

Baptize Children 60 

Junior Oddfellows 87 

History Less Important than Character 95 

Rather Unkind 95 

Insurance Business 95 

Why Not Try Seceding? 95 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 

If Light Be Darkness 104 

What They Are Doing 105 

If All Men Were Oddfellows 116 

Suspensions 117 

The Christian Instructor of Philadel- 
phia 123 

What Do Oddfellows Mean by Secret? 189 

Lodge Room Located 110 

"Deserve Patronage" 143 

Drunken Chaplains 182 

The Legs of the Lame Are Not Equal . 183 

The Worcester Telegram 183 

Half an Oddfellow 182 

Ohio Lodge in Politics 184 

Oddfellow English 190 

It Would Bear Improvement 194 

For the Benefit 194 

Better than Church 213 

But Isn't It a Secret?. 222 

Solemnity of Funeral Ceremonies .... 276 

Poet that Sighed for Lodge 303 

Member and Withdrawal Card 304 

Can't the Hours Be Limited, Too? 305 

Held Civil Oath Superior to Lodge Ob- 
ligation 322 

Shall I Join? 390 

Are There More Gods than One? 390 

"Poor Conceited Scalawags" 425 

Idaho Oddfellow on per Capita Tax. . 427 

Thomas Wildey 427 

"Guard Well Your Secrets" 428 

The N. P. D. Worm 429 

Knowing of Whom 430 


Wealth of College Secret Societies ... 60 

How the Fourth Should Be Celebrated 66 

Testimonies of Grant 65 

Testimonies of Lincoln 66 

Testimonies of Seward 67 

Testimonies of Stevens 68 

McKinley Visits Masonic Hall 76 

Every Man About White House a Ma- 
son 77 

Italy a Land of Lodges 77 

The Question Drawer 85 

From Ritual of Modern Woodmen .... 86 

W. C. T. U., Elgin, 111 .' . 87 

Junior Oddfellows 87 

The New Expansion 87 

For the Children 87 

Rev. George Scharb 91 

The State and Secret Societies 92 

Rather Unkind 95 

Insurance Business 95 

Why Not Try Seceding? 95 

Please Stop 103 

Lodge Insurance 103 

What Shall the Harvest Be? 104 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 

There Are Thousands of Red Men .... 104 

If Light Be Darkness 104 

For the Children 104 

What They Are Doing 105 

The Improved Order of Red Men, etc . 116 

"If All Men Were Oddfellows" 116 

If a Medical Examination Is Required 117 
I Am Glad to Report a Large Increase 117 
We Thank the Great Spirit that the. . 117 

Suspension 117 

New Use for Tracts 120 

Westfield College 121 

Correction 121 

In the American Monthly Review 

(French Masonry) 121 

The Social Forum 121 

Battle Creek College 122 

On Secret Societies 123 

The Christian Conservator 123 

French Freemasonry 123 

The Christian Harvester of Cleveland . 123 
The Christian Missionary Herald. . . . 124 

The Christian Nation 6, 21, 124 

The Growth of Lodgism in Our 

Country . . 124 

The Lutheran Witness 124 

Methodism as It Is 125 

Wesleyan Methodist 125 

The Lodge Rejects Christ 152 

Lionel 153 

The Cynosure Is Usually Grave 159 

Our Allies 160 

Keokuk Convention 160 

Phi Delta Theta 173 

Test of a Convert, Heathen 174 

To a Spider 174 

Why Is It? 195 

Past President (Rebekah) 175 

For the Little Folk 176 

Why Read the Bible? 182 

Mystic Shrine 184 

The Pythian Knight on "Snips" 185 

The Great Anti-Masonic Wave 186 

One of Uncle Sam's Most Faithful Ser- 
vants 186 

What Do Oddfellows Mean by Secret? 189 

Baptist Ministers Anti-Secret 189 

Result, Lodge Blotted Out 189 

Miss Alice Bean Says 191 

A Murderous Filipino 191 

But Is Not It a Secret? 222 

The Progressive Pedro Party 222 

The Bowers of Paradise 222 

Wonders of English Spelling 222 

The Bigotry of Many Centuries 222 

A Dancing Party Followed 222 

A Parallel Case 223 

Keep Clear of Secret Societies 223 

Sinning by Proxy 

Daughters of Erin 248 

Satan's Devices to Deceive 248 

Why Secret? 248 

Dear Little Folks 249 

The Toledo Blade 250 

Secret Insurance (M. W. of A.) 289 

A Troop Cometh 289 

The Order of the Amaranth 289 

Daughters of Herodias 1290 

Confession Is Good for the Soul 290 

Silly Story of the Lodge Goat 303 

The Poet that Sighed 303 

Essenism Means the Brotherhood of 

Man 303 

Acceptance by Member of Withdrawal 

Card ' 304 

Some Try Soliciting New Members . . . 304 

The Pythian World, Quoted 304 

To Debar Liquor Dealers 304 

Application for Ranks of Knighthood . 304 
Question of Political or Religious 

Creed 304 

Can't Hours Be Limited? 305 

Roman Catholic Church Not Opposed. 305 

Pledge 305 

Certain Pacts About Lodges . . . . 310 

Joy Over Blow to Mafia 311 

Death in Initiation Joke 311 

Patent Spanking Paddle 311 

Bishop Charles H. Fowler 312 

List of Woman Lodges 342 

God's Requirements in Christian Mar- 
riage 343 

Word from China 344 

The New Departure and What Came 
of It 344 

Troublesome Man 346 

Headquarters National Fraternal Con- 
gress 349 

Trouble Among Py thians 348 

A Slash with a Scimitar 349 

Woodmen of the World 350 

Consistency 352 

Shall I Join? 390 

Are There More Gods than One? 390 

Book Marks 391 

"The New Departure," etc 391 

Friends' Rules of Discipline 394 

Mystic Shrine 395 

The Gold Braid Question 396 

A Shout in the Woods 396 

Would Kill Yale Secret Societies 397 

American Theosophists 398 

Read This 400 

Satan's "Want" Ad 422 

A Bid for Boys 422 

What Is the C. M. A. ? 423 

Estranged from Brethren 423 

Miss E. E. Flagg 424 

A Mother's Question 424 

What Are Secret Temperance Orders 

For? 424 

New Voice Sketch of O. W. Stewart. . 425 

Charles Sumner's Eloquence 425 

Poor. Conceited Scalawags 225 

Seattle Post Intelligence 225 

Grangers and Whist 426 

Suspended Pythians Published 427 

Question of Recognition of Negro 

Lodges 427 

Idaho Oddfellow on Per Capita Tax. . 427 
Thomas Wildey, Founder Oddfellow- 
ship 427 

Fraternal Editor Publishes Paragraphs 

from Ritual 427 

Insurance Companies' Conclave 428 

Knights of Pythias Not Reformatory. 428 

Hazy, but Looks Sound 428 

Cold-Blooded 429 

The N. P. D. Worm 

"Knowing of Whom" 430 

Booker T. Washington 431 

Some Lodge Fruits. 431 

Rearing Vengeance of Nihilists 431 

John Went to Lodge 432 

"Come Ye Out and Be Separate" 432 

"Jesus answered htm, — I spake opeaJj to the world; and io secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 


CHICAGO, MAY, 1899. 




22i West Madison Street, Chicago. 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
t*ial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— Wc find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
^scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for Titb Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Our symposium, open letter and other 
important matter has been laid over for 
the next Cynosure. 

All is now in readiness for the annual 
meeting at 10:30 Wednesday morning, 
May 10th. The prospect is for a good at- 

On Wednesday evening, the 10th, Dr. 
Campbell, Bro. Stoddard and others are 
expected to address a meeting in the in- 
terests of our cause, in the Moody 
church, this city. 

The Evanston Conference, in connec- 
tion with the annual meeting on Thurs- 
day, May nth, will be addressed by 
Pres. S. P. Long, of Lima College, Ohio; 
Pres. C. A. Blanchard, Bishop Dillon of 
Indiana, Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Dr. W. T. 
Campbell of Monmouth, and others. 

The mid-year meeting of the Rock 
River conference met recently in Engle- 
wood. One of the speakers, Rev. H. D. 
Atchison, said their church was not win- 
ning men to her communion as she once 
did. Many are dropping out into ethical 
societies, socialism, Christian Science, 
and other occult philosophies. In seven 
cities of 500,000 or more inhabitants, the 
net loss in membership was 635. The 
general gain in city churches is only one- 
fifth of one per cent. Rev. R. H. Pooley 
of Rockford said that one great cause of 
this alarming condition was the multi- 
plicity of secret orders, robbing th$ 
church of members, money and talent. 

William Slosson, whose picture we use 
this month, and whose obituary is given 
on another page, was one of our oldest 
subscribers, having entered the last half 
of his 98th year. He had taken the Cy- 
nosure since its first publication. For 
years he made the battle against the se- 
cret empire, the main subject of his pray- 
ers and efforts. Indeed, that battle had 
with him been a continuous one since the 
murder of W T m. Morgan. Like all re- 
formers, he knew what it was to suffer for 
righteousness' sake. He was an old-time 
Abolitionist, and, for years a third party 
Prohibitionist. He was not afraid to let 
his principles be known to the public, as 
for many years he kept a sign on his bee- 
house, "Honey, Od^ Fellowship and 
Freemasonry for sale!" He did much in 
circulating the Cynosure, and after read- 
ing would send it to ministers and others. 
Quite recently he was the means of lead- 
ing a talented young minister to publicly 
renounce Masonry. 


May, 1899. 

I am well satisfied that no church can 
made headway against the lodge that fel- 
lowships them in her fold. To fellow- 
ship them is, if not to fully endorse them, 
at least, to tolerate them. — Bishop Wm. 

The heathenish character of Freema- 
sonry is nowhere exhibited in a stronger 
light than in the following extract from 
A. G. Mackey's "Lexicon of Freemason- 
ry," page 16: "Acacian — a term signify- 
ing a Mason who by living in strict obe- 
dience to the obligations and precepts of 
the fraternity is free from sin." On this 
point, Ronayne very consistently in- 
quires whether this freedom from sin re- 
fers exclusively to the Masonic life of a 
rumseller or whether it covers the years 
before he took upon him the obligations 
of the lodge. The inference is that the 
obligations referred to are quite as effi- 
cacious in the one period as in the other! 

The virulence of secret society oaths is 
well illustrated in Acts 23 : 12-30, where it 
is related that forty Jews, enemies of 
Paul, bound themselves with a curse not 
to eat or drink till they had killed him. 
There is nothing in the succeeding rec- 
ord to show that these sworn murderers 
died of starvation or not. Certainly Paul 
did not fall into their clutches. Paul was 
under divine protection, and he was not 
a member of this bloodthirsty gang, and 
so was clear from any criminality that at- 
tached to them. But the Freemason who 
takes the horrible obligations and penal- 
ties of the lodge upon himself with his 
"brethren" is a ten-fold worse criminal. 
Those bloody-minded Jews made no se- 
cret of their object, while the secret and 
silent purpose of the lodge is carefully 
concealed until the murderous blow is 

Among new friends found on his last 
trip, Bro. Stoddard mentions C. M. Ait- 
ken, of New York, a young man who was 
persuaded to take ,a degree in Masonry, 
and, though not a professing Christian, 
yet he at once saw the evil character of 
the institution and renounced it. To him 
its un-American, un-republican and anti- 
justice features appear the most perni- 
cious. He has begun the work of en- 

lightening his fellows with much enthu- 
siasm, and has printed circulars costing a 
considerable sum, urging aggressive 
anti-Masonic work along the lines of leg- 
islation, and claiming that every lodge 
oath should be prohibited by law. Surely 
every enlightened American should aid 
such a work. 

In a recent address by Judge Edmund 
W. Burke on "The Church of the Twen- 
tieth Century," he said, From this time 
forward to the end of time that force only 
need be counted on which is potential 
enough to move not individuals, but 
whole masses of men." There is much 
truth in this statement from the fact that 
there are few men in these days who are 
not in some kind of an organization. We 
believe the chief cause of the impotency 
of the church and evangelistic move- 
ments is that they attempt to apply the 
gospel almost exclusively to the individ- 
ual and ignore his relation to the organi- 
zation. Thus governments and corpora- 
tions and secret organizations go unre- 
buked, however flagrantly they trample 
God's law under foot. 

At the same time, in reform agitation, 
the organization must be reached 
through the individual member, and he 
must be taught that he is accountable for 
the sins of the organization with which 
he is connected. And the guilt of the or- 
ganization is as much greater than that 
of an individual as the influence of the 
former exceeds that of the latter. If na- 
tions and organizations do not have an 
existence in the future state, and are not 
punished there, yet all history teaches 
that they invariably have their hell here. 
Did not France have a portion of its hell 
at the close of the last century? Has not 
Spain suffered some of its hell recently 
in the harbor of Manila and around San- 

Another plain lesson of history is, that 
God's most frequent method of reform- 
ing nations is to work on the organiza- 
tion, and then use its influence to work 
on the individual. How did God convert 
the Israelites from the sin of idolatry? 
How did he reform France a century ago 
from the crime of oppressing the masses 

May, 1899. 


through a false religious aristocracy, and 
Great Britain from the oppression of the 
American colonies, or our government 
from the crime of American slavery? 
Was it by the conversion or regeneration 
of individuals, and these in turn making 
other converts? Was it not rather that 
these governments were converted by 
war and revolution, and then their influ- 
ence and power were brought to bear up- 
on the individual? How long would it 
have taken the Abolitionists to abolish 
slavery by converting individual slave- 
holders? But when God, by the civil war 
converted the nation, and its influence 
was brought to bear upon the individual 
slaveholder, the process was rapid and 


Some of our asylums are said to test 
their patients, as to whether their insan- 
ity is hopeless, by setting them to dip the 
water from a tank while a stream is con- 
stantly running in. If they are so sense- 
less as to keep on dipping the water out, 
without trying to shut off the stream that 
is flowing in, their case is considered 
hopeless. So if ministers, evangelists and 
missionaries, labor to save souls from 
perdition, while they t make no effort to 
stop such mighty evils as intemperance 
and the secret lodge system, which are 
•sweeping fifty souls into hell for every 
soul they can save, it is conclusive evi- 
dence that these soul-savers are afflicted 
with a dangerous condition of moral in- 

Satan has long ago ceased his efforts 
to destroy the church by open persecu- 
tion; he has now adopted the spirit of 
compromise. He says to ministers and 
evangelists, You may go on with your 
revival services, and your evangelizing 
agencies, and your missionary enter- 
prises, provided you keep your hands off 
the political machinery, and the lodge 
system and the rum traffic. Be sure and 
leave the running of those agencies to 
me, and I can speedily undo and destroy 
the work of your churches. We are con- 
vinced that the theory which would dis- 
courage and cry down reform against 
these evils, is the trump card the devil is 
now playing in the game to gain this 
world's supremacy. 


Our indictment is not merelv against 
those secret orders that have proved to 
be injurious in their character, but rather 
against^ the entire secret lodge system, 
which, in many respects, has a unity in its 
nature and practical influence. All secret 
societies have this common basis, an oath 
or pledge of absolute unconditional se- 
crecy. Other parts of the covenant may 
be ignored, but all alike regard a failure 
to keep their so-called secrets, as most 
dishonorable and wrong. Even though 
the initiate may think that the public 
good requires their disclosure, yet he has 
no liberty of conscience, and he is re- 
garded as guilty of a grievous offense if 
he should make known what he ignorant- 
ly swore to conceal. All alike repel and 
denounce all inquiry, not only into their 
own, but into the secrets of every other 
secret organization. Whatever may be 
the occasion of such inquiry, they alike 
denounce it as an impertinence and un- 
warranted interference with their natural 
rights. With an inverted morality they 
regard the telling of the truth tbout one's 
secret order as lying, and a failure to con- 
form to what may have been felt to be 
an unholy engagement, as treason. All 
alike appeal to the motive of curiosity. 
Each has its real or pretended secrets, 
which are assumed to be important and 
valuable. Freemasonry claims to be "a 
beautiful system of morality, veiled in al- 

One of its "landmarks" declares that it 
"teaches piety, morality and science." 
One of its most distinguished writers, 
Dan Sickles, declares that "in the con- 
templation of its mysteries, the mathe- 
matician and the philosopher find equal 
satisfaction and delight." That these al- 
lurements have no foundation in fact, 
does not make them less attractive to the 
uninformed. However they may differ 
in detail, they all have the same original 
model, the same essential methods and a 
common family likeness. No man can 
defend one of them without giving an in- 
cidental indorsement to the others. Tried 
by the standard of equal and exact jus- 
tice they must stand or fall together. 


May, 1899. 

In making our protest against the en- 
tire secret lodge system it is not affirmed 
that all secret societies are equally evil. 
Of some, perhaps the most that can be 
said is that they give an implied counte- 
nance to other secret societies, which 
with the same methods of organization, 
have proved distinctively pernicious. As 
alcohol is the basis of all, intoxicating 
drinks, so organized secrecy is the basis 
of all secret orders. All men who use in- 
toxicating drinks. are not drunkards, but 
no man can use them who does not coun- 
tenance their use by the drunkard. No 
man can open his mouth to the wine-cup 
without closing it to the plea for univer- 
sal temperance. No man can be a mem- 
ber of a secret order and consistently op- 
pose these "unfruitful works of darkness" 
that have become so enormously preva- 

Nor is it maintained that such secret 
societies have never been the means of 
doing good. All the secret temperance 
societies have done something to pro- 
mote temperance. All the so-called be- 
nevolent societies have done much for 
mutual relief and aid. Jesuitism did much 
for foreign missions, much for science 
and much to relieve distressed human- 
ity. But this proves nothing in favor of 
this order. The iniquitous slave trade 
has caused some twelve millions of Afri- 
cans to have some knowledge of Chris- 
tianity. The aggressive wars waged 
against the Americans have resulted in 
the whole continent's becoming a land of 
civilization and free government. Some 
of these Indians have become Christian 
citizens; but all this fails to prove that 
slavery, or aggressive war, are justified 
in the sight of God. The same work 
might have been better done by better 
methods. Nor is it held that all who be- 
long to these secret orders are bad people 
and are outside the pale of Christian fel- 
lowship. If "great men are not always 
wise," it is equally true that good men 
have often been sincerely mistaken. It 
was a great mistake in Abraham and Da- 
vid that they were polygamists, though 
they seemed quite unconscious of their 
error. No one impeaches the character 
of that eminent teacher and writer, John 
Newton, who for many years was engag- 
ed in the African slave trade, and yet we 
regard it as one of the greatest of crimes. 

Our Christian Fathers but a few years 
ago, almost with one consent, bought, 
sold and drank almost all manner of in- 
toxicating drinks. But surely they were 
mistaken. We, too, make a great mis- 
take when we fail to discriminate be- 
tween men and institutions. What one 
age has tolerated or even approved, a 
subsequent age may find to be most un- 
just and pernicious. 
Oberlin, Ohio. 



I am now in my seventieth year, and at 
the time Capt. Morgan was abducted by 
Masons, and drowned in Niagara River,. 
I was thirteen years old, and well remem- 
ber the revelations of those times. The 
character of Freemasonry previous to 
1820 was a profound mystery to out- 
siders. Its members claimed to be non- 
partisan in politics, but loyal to the gov- 
ernment. They claimed to be religious,, 
but not sectarian. My father, with many 
others, was suspicious that these claims 
were untrue, because nearly all civil, and 
especially judicial, offices were held by 
Masons. There was then no organized 
opposition, and they had everything their 
own way. But when Capt. Morgan pub- 
lished to the world their horrible oaths 
and penalties, and when it became known 
that he was kidnaped and murdered tor 
so doing, popular indignation knew no- 
bounds, and, for many months every 
effort was made to bring the perpetrators, 
of that crime to justice. 

All these efforts, however, were un- 
availing, because the courts were in the 
hands of Masons. Witnesses refused to 
answer relevant questions, because then' 
they would violate Masonic obligations, 
and judges would excuse them, knowing 
that their Masonic oaths bound them to 
conceal the facts. Thus, while they were 
chartered by the government, they de- 
fied its authority and gave the lie to their 
professions of loyalty. In those days the 
ballot was a true expression of the will of 
the people, and no adhering Mason could 
be elected to office in this part of the 
country because public sentiment was so 

May, 1899. 


strongly against Masonry. We hoped 
that our government was forever freed 
from this dangerous curse. But, alas! we 
had not properly judged the nature and 
strength of our foe. When we thought it 
was dead and the fight was over, A^asonry 
was busy plotting treason in the South to 
perpetuate human slavery. 

During the Morgan times we had in- 
teresting experiences of the work of Ma- 
sonry in the churches. Some Masonic 
-church members when charged with com- 
plicity in the murder of Capt. Morgan 
would pretend not to believe it. Then 
when the truth was fully established by 
undoubted testimony, they would justify 
the crime by saying it was the penalty for 
perjury, which he had agreed to suffer 
when he took his Masonic oath. Most 
•of the church members, however, who 
were Masons at that time, confessed that 
they had been deceived and indignantly 
left the lodge, and when the Christless 
character of the institution became 
"known, the churches would as soon have 
iellowshiped an Ephesian worshiper of 
Diana as an adhering Mason. I well re- 
member the glorious revivals that fol- 
lowed, and the Pentecostal power of the 
Holy Spirit that visited the churches for 
many years after they were purged of the 
lodge anti-Christ. But what a contrast 
between the condition of the churches 
then and now. There has been great im- 
provement in the machinery and organi- 
zation of the -church. Such organizations 
as that of the young people afford won- 
derful facilities, if rightly used, for the 
agitation of the truth. And there are 
many of God's true children in these 
churches, but so long as they tolerate the 
lodge anti-Christ, dividing their alle- 
giance between Christ and the lodge, just 
so long will the Holy Spirit be grieved 
and withdraw his power from the church, 
and we will not be visited with revivals. 
That you may realize God's abundant 
l)lessing upon your efforts to remove this 
deadly night shade is the prayer of your 
aged servant. 

Schaghticoke, N. Y. 



The editor has occupied several of the 

Chicago pulpits on Sabbath during the 

* past month. He assisted in communion 

services at Coulterville, 111., on Sabbath, 

May 7. 

The Washington State Anti-Secrecy 
Society held a convention in the Old 
Presbyterian Church building, April 10 
and 11. Four sessions were held, at 
which twelve well-prepared addresses 
were given, and an open discussion in 
which different members participated. 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Coast Secretary, an 
untiring worker in this holy cause, did 
much to make the convention a success. 
Through correspondence with the vari- 
ous committees and personal visits, he 
gave able assistance in directing their ef- 
forts and working up a hearty spirit in 
preparation for the convention; and for 
about two weeks prior, he was on the 
ground overseeing and assisting in every 
way possible. The officers and commit- 
tees of the Washington Association owe 
much to the faithful services of one who 
is a devoted servant of God, a sworn en- 
emy of the lodge and an able, wise, and 
courageous leader in an unpopular cause. 
His genial disposition and hearty good 
will, along with his fair dealing with 
friend and foe, win him many friends and 
few enemies; while his clear, logical con- 
clusions are calculated to carry convic- 
tion, and make converts. The friends of 
anti-secrecy have a warm place in their 
hearts for Brother Williams. 

In the absence of Pres. Howie, Prof. C. 
W. Shay, of Ross Seminary, had been ap- 
pointed to preside, but owing to the pro- 
fessor's necessary absence, Rev. McRey- 
nolds, of the Free Methodist Church, 
Seattle, was chosen to preside. The con- 
vention was opened on Monday evening 
at 7:30, by a few words of welcome from 
the chairman, which was followed by a 
short season of prayer and praise, which 
order prevailed at the opening of each 
session. After the opening exercises on 
Monday evening, we were favored with 
a paper by Rev. P. A. Mattson, of Taco- 
ma, on "The Church and Secret Socie- 
ties," or "How Does the Lodge Hinder 
the Church?" in which he easily showed 
the conflict between the two. This val- 
uable paper was requested for publica- 
tion in The Cynosure. The second ad- 
dress of the evening was by bur Coast 
Secretary, who followed up the thought 



May, 1899. 

of the paper in a well-directed attack up- 
on the lodge as the church's enemy, giv- 
ing a vivid picture of the humiliating 
oaths and performances of the minister 
of the gospel, the doctor of divinity who 
is esteemed to be well versed in the mys- 
teries of the Word of God, going blind- 
folded and hoodwinked from degree to 
degree, to discover the empty, nonsensi- 
cal evil mysteries of Masonry and its 
kindred associations. The attendance 
upon this evening was good, and the au- 
dience was well repaid for coming. 

Heavy rains on Tuesday morning, af- 
ternoon and evening made the audiences 
small, but in no wise diminished the in- 
terest and value of the papers and discus- 
sions. Papers were read by Mrs. Ida 
Griggs, of Ross, on "The Effect of the 
Lodge Upon the Family Life," in which 
she drew a picture of the home where 
the lodge evil entered and contrasted it 
with the true home. Also a paper by 
Rev. Jas. Eva, of Buckley, Washington, 
upon the "Religion of Secrecy," showing 
that the lodge is both Christless and hea- 
thenish in its rites; and one by Secretary 
Williams in the same line. A testimony 
meeting was held in which different 
members gave their experience as to the 
operation of secret societies in courts of 
justice. In the afternoon, after the open- 
ing exercises, the convention listened to 
Mr. Downie, of Fremont, upon "Secret 
Society Benevolence," who clearly 
proved that lodges had no right to their 
claim as benevolent institutions. Rev. 
M. L. Larson, of Seattle, gave a select 
reading, being an article by Mrs. E. E. 
Flagg in the Cynosure, along the same 
general line of the previous paper, and 
was followed by a brief talk on "Secret 
Insurance Associations," by Rev. P. J. 
McDonald, of the Reformed Presbyte- 
rian Church, Seattle. In these discus- 
sions it was clearly set forth that in both 
benevolence and business principle the 
lodge's aim is not so much for the benefit 
of the individual members as for the sup- 
port of the institution itself in her arro- 
gant claims and sinful indulgences. That, 
instead of being a general benefit to the 
poorer and more unfortunate members 
and their dependents, as is claimed, it is 
more generally those who are well able 
to keep up all their dues and obligations 
who are enriched at the expense of the 

lapsed policies of the poor and unfortu- 
nate, who are the very ones in need of 

The feature, however, of the afternoon 
session was a well-written and intensely 
interesting paper by Rev. J. I. Frazier, 
Seattle, on "The Jesuits as a Secret So- 
ciety." After giving a history of the ori- 
gin of the Jesuits with Ignatius Loyola, 
which society was sanctioned by Paul 
III. in 1540, along with its objects and 
ends, he then exposed the character of 
this order, and entered upon a discussion 
of its operations, comparing it in nature 
and methods of operation with other 
secret orders of to-day. The paper was 
well calculated to cause men to think 
who are grappling with the social and 
civic problems of the day, and to have 
grave suspicions as to the source whence 
comes so much opposition to every 
question of justice and right. The ses- 
sions of the convention closed with two 
masterly addresses in the evening. After 
two songs from Ross Seminary Male 
Quartette, "Nearer My God to Thee," 
and one improvised for the occasion, en- 
titled "Ma-Ha-Bone," we listened to an 
address by Rev. M. H. Nichols, Seattle, 
on "Secret Societies versus The Repub- 
lic." The speaker drew upon history to 
prove the subtle part "secretism" has had 
to play in political and civic affairs from 
the beginning of its organization, refer- 
ring to England where it had its birth 
in the days of the Stuarts, to ^France and 
to the power of this evil in our own land. 
The Coast Secretary, after an address in 
which he summed up and enlarged upon 
some of the important features of the 
convention, ended with a short but 
touching farewell, in which he gave testi- 
mony to the joy he had in this "work of 
the Lord." In all the convention was a 
profitable one, not from the financial 
standpoint, but . from the weighty 
thoughts presented and convincing argu- 
ments ' advanced. It was a convention 
which, though the number present was 
not large, we have confidence will be 
productive of great good, inasmuch as 
God hath said he will not let His word 
return to him void. 

Seattle, Wash. 

"You can't convict a Mason," is sadly 
too true. 

May, 1899. 



In the autumn of 1865, in the general 
election at Clear Lake, Iowa, James 
Goodwin and myself were Republican 
candidates for the office of Supervisor. 
He was a Freemason and I, from the time 
of Morgan's abduction and murder, was 
an anti-Mason. At that time I was a 
boy of ten years, living in Western New 
York, and well remember the excitement 
which ran high a few years after that 
never to be forgotten 1826. On this elec- 
tion day when none but the initiated were 
present, a Mason, James Dickerson, a 
trustee and member of the election board 
having charge of the ballots, opened the 
box and took out several ballots, erasing 
my name and substituting that of James 
Goodwin. This changed the result of 
the election, and that night the Masonic 
board certified under oath to James 
Goodwin's election. Ten days after, one 
of the board, who was a Mason, but one 
of my warm friends, was so conscience- 
stricken over this affair that he told me 
all about it. I at once filed an informa- 
tion, and laid the foundation for contest- 
ing the election in the Circuit Court. 

The district attorney, John P. Burke, 
was a Mason, and was under oath to pro- 
tect his brother Masons, right or wrong, 
and refused to bring the case before the 
court. He lived at Waverly, seventy-five 
miles distant, and before the next term 
of court I visited him for the purpose of 
urging him to do his duty. What could 
be more important than maintaining the 
purity of the ballot, the very corner-stone 
of our government. But Attorney Burke 
tried in every way possible to put me off, 
and when all his excuses failed, he de- 
manded of me a fee of $10, which I read- 
ily paid. When the case came to trial he 
easily put it in shape to favor the defend- 
ant instead of the State. This was plain 
to all, for I clearly proved my case, yet 
that Masonic court declares James Good- 
win elected. A petition was then circu- 
lated and signed by 415 voters in the 
township, asking the trustees not to ap- 
point him Supervisor, but the petition 
was utterly ignored. Many could see in 
it only the scheming of politicians, but it 
was Freemasonry, the most dangerous 
political combination the American peo- 
ple have to contend with. We could not 

blame the Democrats, for James Good- 
win, myself, the district attorney, and the 
entire election board were at that time 
good Republicans. 

I recall also an instance of how Mason- 
ry tampers with our courts of justice. A 
few months after the election above re- 
ferred to, James Goodwin was foreman 
of a Masonic grand jury in this county, 
and managed to indict me, S. M. Rich- 
ardson, J. J. Rogers and Gabriel Pence, 
who were members of the Board of Su- 
pervisors during 1864 and 1865. It was 
during the close of the war of the rebels 
lion, and part of our duty was to pay 
bounties to volunteers, and monthly al- 
lowances to their wives and children. 
These accounts had to be audited and 
money provided, and at that time the law 
only allowed fourteen days for the board 
to do the business of the entire year. 
And, because we could not do the work in 
that time, and for no other reason, we 
were indicted. There were two Freema- 
sons on the board who were precisely in 
the same condemnation as the four of us 
who were anti-Masons. But their broth- 
er Masons on the grand jury were sworn 
to protect them, and the judge struck 
their cases from the docket, and never 
called a witness. This is only one of 
many illustrations of how the people's 
rights are trampled under foot, and the 
safety of the republic threatened by this 
secret empire. These cases are matters 
of record in our county court, and many 
who figured in them are now living in 
this part of the State. The reason why I 
wish, in my declining years, to record 
these facts, is that neither the pulpits nor 
local press dare mention them, for the 
man guilty of the crime of opening the 
ballot box, and James Goodwin, ^ who 
hired him to do it, have been kept in of- 
fice for many years, and honored by the 
Masons. Theron Palmeter. 

Clear Lake, Iowa. 

Being an editor myself, I appreciate 
the difficulties attending the publication 
of a journal like The Cynosure. Not only 
have I many a time boiled down and con- 
densed my own articles, but I have had 
to do this with those of contributors. The 
latter work is the greatest drudgery an 
editor has to do. — Elizabeth E. Flagg. 



May, 1899. 


"And have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness, but rather re- 
prove them. For it is a shame even to 
speak of those' things which are done of 
them in secret." — Eph. 5: 11, 12. 

Among the various strategems of the 
prince of darkness in opposition to Al- 
mighty God and holiness, and for the 
purpose of destroying the souls of men, 
Freemasonry holds a pre-eminent rank. 
Satan introduced this work of darkness 
into our world, and it is by his special 
agency that it still exists. Every period 
of the world has been marked by some 
peculiar institution designed to dishonor 
the Son and ruin the souls of men. We 
have absolute proof that Masonry and 
other secret orders are the works of dark- 
ness, and that their long-boasted secrets 
and their nature have been divulged. 
Their exposure has awakened and en- 
lightened many a Christian conscience. 
Millions are yet to be reached and in- 
structed in the principles of anti- 
secrecy; therefore we are bound to 
co-operate in this grand reform. 
Have we not proof before us that they re- 
ject the Bible and its author? That they 
pervert the Holy Scriptures by taking 
from them parts of their ritual and intro- 
ducing vile traditions and interpretations 
to supply pretended deficiencies? Ma- 
sonry has been known to conceal enor- 
mous crimes. When asked about this 
they reply that nothing of this kind ex- 
ists in the modern institution. But we 
have proof that the "modern" institution 
promotes theater-going, dancing and in- 
temperance. As the Word of God for- 
bids these forms of worldliness, we must 
conclude that the institutions of Mason- 
ry and kindred orders are anti-Christ. 
Which is worse, to murder the human 
body or the immortal soul? 

Masonry and kindred bodies have been 
rendered popular because millions of dol- 
lars have been expended for their uni- 
forms, banners, swords, and other equip- 
ments. Millions have been expended in 
decorating whole cities for their con- 
claves. It claims to be of ancient origin, 
but it is merely a compound of Pagan 
mysteries and in its present form is clear- 
ly of modern invention. It claims to be a 
science, but when its science is analyzed, 

it is found to be the science of hoodwink- 
ing and performing ceremonies too silly 
to occupy the minds of children. It claims 
to possess, in a high degree, the virtue of 
morality, such as charity, honesty and 
good will to mankind, but their benevo- 
lence may be considered mere selfishness, 
confining charity to their members only. 
Who can call that charity? It is like con- 
fining charity to the rich man's family 
alone, when he is well able to help those 
about him. While the honesty of Ma- 
sonry consists merely in swearing not to 
defraud a brother member, its good will 
to mankind is found to consist in an oath 
to execute a fearful punishment on all 
who break its oath. In the sixteenth 
chapter of Revelation, John says, "And 
I saw three unclean spirits like frogs pro- 
ceeding out of the mouth of the false 
prophet. For they are the spirits of dev- 
ils, working miracles and going to the 
kings of the earth and to the whole world, 
and to gather them together to the battle 
of the great Day." This vision indicates 
that in the last days there would arise an 
institution opposed to the gospel of the 
blessed Savior, and that from various 
sources a combination of the powers of 
darkness would form one vast and mighty 
phalanx to oppose Christ's kingdom. Is 
not Masonry such a power opposing 
Christ by professing godliness? We are 
living in the last days, the blessed Savior 
is coming; it is time that men renounced 
fellowship with the works of darkness. 

Eugene B. Willard. 
Boston, Mass. 


The following letter was addressed to 
Evangelist Moody on his arrival in Oak- 
land prior to his recent meetings in that 
city. The writer sends it to the Cynosure 
in the hope that its publication may help 
forward the cause of righteousness. Mr. 
Moody has returned East. It was Mr. 
Johnston's misfortune to be seriously 
sick and unable to attend Mr. Moody's 
meetings, or he would have called on him 
in person, as they are personal acquaint- 
To Dwight L. Moody, Evangelist: 

Dear Friend and Brother in Christ: — 
I know that for the sake of Christ's cause 
you will now permit me to call your atten- 

May, 1899. 


tion to a subject of vital importance. I 
know your sentiments in reference to the 
evils of Masonry and of all the secret 
oath-bound orders; but you can hardly 
know to what extent they are hostile to 
the best interests of the churches in Oak- 
land and of the cause of Christ in general. 
And so I beg of you to consider the fol- 
lowing facts known by one who has lived 
in Oakland most of the time for over 
twenty-three years. Probably no city in 
the Union is so full of the lodges of near- 
ly all the secret orders as is Oakland. The 
lodgemen, especially the Freemasons, 
very largely control the churches as well 
as the political machinery. I suppose that 
nearly all the male members of the 
churches belong to some of the lodges, 
many of them to several. And if I am 
correctly informed, a large majority of 
the ministers of the city are members of 
some of the lodges. For the above rea- 
sons and others, there is in the Oakland 
pulpits no testimony against the secret 
orders, not even the worst of them. The 
religious papers, the organs of all the 
large and most influential denominations, 
are, as far as I know, wholly silent on the 
subject. I have read some of them all the 
time, and the others occasionally, ever 
since I came to California. I have never 
seen in them a single line of faithful tes- 
timony on that subject. 

To the above may be added the follow- 
ing significant facts, the pastors of the 
three largest and most influential and 
popular central churches, and now doing 
the most for your meetings, are probably 
Masons — two of them are, I am sure. One 
of them, and the most influential for good 
outside of his own church, not long ago 
told his people from his own pulpit on the 
Sabbath day, as one of his hearers in- 
formed me, that he is a Freemason and 
an Odd Fellow also. The inference is 
unavoidable. It shows also the need of 
an effort to tear away the evil which cov- 
ers the eyes of the Oakland churches. I 
know that the mass of the men are living 
the lives of only nominal professors; and 
if it were not for the good women in 
them who generally do all the work per- 
taining to benevolence and charity, a few 
men excepted, the churches might about 
as well be dissolved. What would the 
Lord do in Oakland if he should come to 
purge the temple ? 

And now, my dear Mr. Moody, let me 
say kindly to you that I suppose no man 
on the continent has the same influence 
for good and to destroy great evils in the 
churches as Dwight L. Moody, "the 
great evangelist." And so my prayer is 
that the Master whom you serve may 
give you strong courage to declare the 
whole counsel of God, and by His Spirit 
cause you to preach the whole truth 
where it is so much needed. Be assured 
that He will not fail to give you his prom- 
ised blessing: "Well done, good and 
faithful servant; enter thou into the joy 
of thy Lord." Yours in Him, 

N. R. Johnston. 


I send these brief extracts from three 
letters received within a few days. They 
are from persons who had received copies 
of the Episcopal Recorder containing my 
article on secret societies entitled "A Se- 
rious Condition Too Generally Ignored." 
One is from the editor of a weekly, pub- 
lished in Chester County, who I believe 
to be a member of that milder order of 
secret societies, the Patrons of Husband- 
ry. Referring first to my article he says : 
"It is on the right line, and the Grange 
is not exempt. Last Sabbath our pastor, 
Rev. Dr. J. L. Polk, at old Fagg's Manor, 
preached from the text, 'There was no 
room for them in the inn,' and in speak- 
ing of the places where there was no room 
for Jesus, he mentioned the rituals of the 
secret orders, and it set many to search- 

The second letter is from a spiritually- 
minded Congregationalist of Massachu- 
setts — he is a minister, I think — who, in 
speaking of the Masonic order, fervently 
says: "I was advised to join it at 21 years 
of age, by a friend, but I never saw in it 
one iota of good. It is Baal worship 
brought into life and action in the nine- 
teenth century. I despise and renounce 
the whole thing. It is a part of the anti- 
Christ. Many good men are led into it, 
blinded, and to their sorrow. I am not 
sure that a crusade against it is to avail 
much; there must be a coming into a 
spiritual state and seeing things as God 
sees them. Then there is disgust and re- 
nunciation. As a sanctified man I abhor 
the whole thing from 'ante-chamber' to 



May, 1899. 

'banquet-hall;' as children of the light we 
have no fellowship with their 'unfruitful 
works of darkness.' " 

The third letter, from the lady treas- 
urer of the Chicago Hebrew Mission, ac- 
knowledging the Episcopal Recorder ar- 
ticle, adds: "It contains many facts that 
quite startled me. I never had much time 
to read literature on the subject of the 
evils of Masonry, but have instinctively 
shrunk from their Christless religion, be- 
cause I have always found over and over 
again how almost impossible it was to 
reach any one who had joined the frater- 
nity. It certainly has a disastrous effect 
on Christian living and the truth of the 
Gospel." Josiah W. Leeds. 

i Seal, Pa. 


Masonry claims to be a system of re- 
ligion having in itself power to save men 
and fit them for the presence of God 
Himself. Wouldn't you think this re- 
demptive or saving feature of the insti- 
tution was as valuable to an old man as 
to a man in his prime? Because he is 
under age, isn't it worth anything to a 
man to know that he will surely reach 
the Grand Lodge above? And do you 
imagine the "other place" has only the 
poor "fool" and "atheist" for inhabit- 
ants? The unfortunate who loses his 
mind can never enter the heavenly realm 
because, forsooth, he was a "madman," 
and the "just-as-good-or-better-than-a- 
church" society had no use for him. But 
it is far more pitiful to contemplate the 
fact that Masonry allows no women in its 
sacred precincts. The Grand Lodge 
above is governed by the masculine prin- 
ciple, the Supreme Worshipful or Grand 
Architect of the Universe and the mem- 
bers are all men. Witness the oath: "I 
will not assist in, or be present at the ini- 
tiating, passing or raising of a woman, 
an old man in dotage, a young man un- 
der age, an atheist, a madman or a fool." 
All these are "out." Then Masonry con- 
fessedly can save only the able-bodied, 
well-to-do men, who are better able to 
save themselves alone and unaided, than 
are the "weaker sex," or than the help- 
less old men needing the same care as 
children; the impulsive, impressionable 
youth requiring the best guidance while 

"under age;" and those unhappy prod- 
ucts of diseased nerves — "madmen" and 

The women, bless them! though "an- 
gels" here, are too inferior in quality to 
be "angels" there. This superlative re- 
ligion is limited in its scope; it provides 
no "way of salvation" for the majority of 
humankind. Even if a man is physi- 
cally whole and mentally sound, yet if 
he lacks of this world's goods he isn't 
wanted. It is doubtful, yea, impossible, 
for Masonry to "free a man from sin" 
unless he be financially able to pay his 
dues or meet any demand the craft may 
make on his pocket. Here, then, is the 
whole system of beneficent salvation held 
out to the grief-laden, struggling race: 
Be sure you are born free from blemish 
even to a single finger. Have your par- 
ents give you a fair amount of brains, the 
more th<j better; but be certain the quan- 
tity will raise you above the level of a 
"fool;" also that the same be strong 
enough to keep you from the unpardon- 
able weakness of becoming a "madman." 
Above all else pray fervently that you be 
born a man, not a woman. Wait pa- 
tiently till you are of age ; if you die be- 
fore that this religion can benefit you 
nothing, or if you wait too long, till old 
age assail you, it can benefit you noth- 
ing. Retain a vague notion that some 
power somewhere runs this old earth, 
yet you should get a competence or a 
bright, very bright, prospect of one, and 
then Masonry will see you through to 
the Pearly Gates. The favored few who 
can and do become Masons need to be 
grateful for their inheritance. As for 
the great throng of ineligibles we must 
go to the underworld. 

Mrs. E. Ronavne. 

104 Milton Avenue, Chicago. 

% tttbm* Irattmottte** 

H. Worthington Judd, Chicago: I 
want to say that it was a minister that led 
me into Masonry. Dr. Lorimer, now of 
Tremont Temple, Boston, and at that 
time pastor of Immanuel Baptist Church, 
Chicago, was my example. I knew he 
was a member up to the highest degrees, 

May, 1899. 



and I thought if he could belong there I ligation, as an entered apprentice Ma- 



Jarvis F. Hanks, New York : I was ini- 
tiated into Masonry in 1821 and have 
taken eighteen degrees. My motives 
were curiosity and the expectation of 
personal advantage, while at the same 
time I was dishonest enough to profess 
that disinterested benevolence to my fel- 
lowmen was my object. Under the scru- 
tiny of investigation, I brought the law 
of God, the laws of our country, the Ma- 
sonic oaths, professions and practices. I 
then resolved not to be influenced by the 
fear or favor of man who can only kill the 
body, and feel assured that any Mason or 
man taking the same course must arrive 
at 'the same conclusion. In thus taking 
my leave of Masonry, I am not sensible of 
the least hostility to Masons, but act un- 
der the solemn conviction that Masonry 
is a wicked imposture, a refuge of lies, a 
substitute for the gospel of Christ. That 
it is contrary to the laws of God and of 
our country and superior to either, in the 
estimation of its disciples; and lastly, that 
it is the most powerful and successful en- 
gine employed by the devil to destroy 
men's souls. 

Andrew C. Jensen, Chicago: I have 
taken three degrees in Masonry and 
never heard the name of Jesus in the 
lodge. When initiated, my eyes were 
blinded by a hoodwink. I was stripped 
of all clothing save a pair of old drawers, 
and had but one shoe on, and with a tow- 
rope around my neck I was made to 
kneel before the Worshipful Master. In 
the third degree I was struck on the head 
and knocked into a blanket. From the 
beginning to the end of my two years' 
experience in three degrees of Masonry, 
I did not once hear the name of Jesus 
mentioned. Neither did I find myself 
brought nearer to Christ in the lodge, but 
was drawn farther away all the time. My 
oath was: "Binding myself under no less 
a penalty than that of having my throat 
cut across, my. tongue torn out by its 
roots, and buried in the rough sands of 
the sea at low water mark, where the tide 
ebbs and flows twice in every twenty-four 
hours, should I ever knowingly or will- 
ingly violate this my solemn oath or ob- 

Elder David Bernard, Warsaw, N. Y., 
April, 1829: Soon after I left Masonry 
they expelled and immediately com- 
menced a most wicked persecution 
against me. The professed ministers of 
Christ, infidels and drunkards, from Buf- 
falo to Albany, were united to destroy 
my character! I was admonished by oral 
and epistolary communications to be on 
my guard, to carry arms; and so great 
was my personal danger that my friends 
would not suffer me to ride alone from 
one town to another. In short, they "op- 
posed my interests, deranged my busi- 
ness, pointed me out as an unworthy and 
vicious vagabond, an object of con- 
tempt," and "transferred this character 
after me;" and it would seem that they 
intended to do it "during my natural life." 
The united efforts of the fraternity to in- 
jure me, have, however, proved unavail- 

I soon became convinced that the 
peace of society, the salvation of my 
country, the present and eternal happi- 
ness of my fellowmen, and the glory of 
God required the destruction of the insti- 
tution. To accomplish this, I was confi- 
dent but one effectual method could be 
adopted, and this was to make a full dis- 
closure of its secrets. To this end I then 
exerted myself. After an interchange of 
minds with some of the patriots of Bata- 
via and Le Roy, a convention of Masons 
opposed to the institution was called to 
meet on the 19th of February, 1827. This 
convention was composed of about forty, 
who, after having deliberated upon the 
principles of the order, and binding na- 
ture of its obligations, resolved to make a 
revelation of its mysteries. They con- 
firmed the "Illustrations" of William 
Morgan; published the oaths of twelve 
degrees of a higher order; appointed a 
committee to prepare all the degrees 
which could be obtained for the press; 
and adjourned to meet on the 4th of July 

Bro. E. Ronayne, Past Master Key- 
stone Lodge, No. 639, Chicago. — In the 
tenth clause of the Master Mason's oath, 
the candidate swears that he "will not 
give the grand hailing sign, or sign of 



May, 1899. 

distress of a Master Mason, except in 
real distress or in case of the most immi- 
nent danger," and that should he see the 
sign given, he "will immediately repair 
to the relief of the person so giving it, 
should there be a greater possibility of 
saving his life than of losing his own." 
Now, how can the living up to this part 
of the Mason's oath make a man good or 
honorable or honest? I claim that it will 
make him a perjurer, and for which he 
ought to "do time" in the penitentiary. 
Let us suppose a Mason standing as a 
criminal at the bar of one of our courts. 
A jury is impaneled, and one of the jurors 
is a Mason and sworn as above to help 
his brother Mason. As a juror he is 
sworn to render a verdict according to 
the law and the evidence. In the mean- 
time the case is progressing. The prose- 
cution is going hard against the Masonic 
culprit; he finds himself "in real distress" 
— "in imminent danger" of the prison, or 
it may be the gallows; and as a last re- 
sort he makes the sign of distress of a 
Master Mason. And, by the way, that 
sign is intended for just such emergen- 
cies. His brother Mason on the jury sees 
that sign given, and has already solemnly 
sworn to obey it; and so to "immediately 
fly to the relief" of his distressed brother. 
Now I submit the question to any citizen, 
be he honest or dishonest, good or bad, 
What ought that Masonic juryman to do 
under such circumstances, live up to his 
Masonic oath, free the prisoner or possi- 
bly save his life and thus perjure himself 
as a juror, or else convect the prisoner 
and thus break his Masonic oath? 

Avery Allyn, Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 
ii, 1 831: Having been a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and bound in the 
pledge of soul and body to maintain and 
support, by the most rigorous enforce- 
ment, all her sanguinary "edicts, laws and 
regulations" ; I feel it to be a duty I owe 
to my fellow-citizens, to state the reasons 
that led me thus to surrender life and lib- 
erty, without reservation, to the mercy of 
this lawless banditti; thereby adding an- 
other unit to "that dark pile of human 
mockeries"; and also the reasons why I 
recanted from my Masonic engagements, 
rescuing from her bloody clutches my 
pledges of obedience, renouncing her so- 
ciety, and resuming my former rights and 

privileges as an American citizen. * * 
* When I received the Knights Templar 
degree I objected to drink from the hu- 
man skull, and to take the profane oath 
required by the rules of this order. I ob- 
served to the Most Eminent that I sup- 
posed that part of the ceremonies would 
be dispensed with. The Sir Knights 
charged upon me and the Most Eminent 
addressed me as follows: "Pilgrim, you 
here see the swords of your companions, 
all drawn, ready to defend you in the dis- 
charge of every duty we require of you. 
They are also drawn to avenge any viola- 
tion of the rules of our order. You prom- 
ised when you entered the chamber of re- 
flection that you would conform to all the 
ceremonies, rules and regulations of this 
encampment. We here have your prom- 
ise in writing. We expect you will pro- 
ceed. All Sir Knights who have taken 
this degree have participated in the fifth 
libation; and if there is anything in it that 
you do not perfectly understand, it will be 
qualified and explained to your satisfac- 
tion." A clergyman, an acquaintance of 
mine, came forward and said : "Compan- 
ion Allyn, this part of the ceremony is 
never dispensed with. I and all the Sir 
Knights have drank from that cup and 
taken the fifth libation. It is perfectly 
proper, and it will be qualified to your 
satisfaction." I then drank of the "cup of 
double damnation." 



Chicago depends on Lake Michigan 
for its water supply, and, in order to get 
it as pure and cool as possible, a crib of 
strong masonry has been built several 
miles out in the lake, and extends to a 
depth of no feet. From this depth a tun- 
nel was begun, running on a dead level, 
some eight or ten miles under the very 
heart of the city, at a depth of 1 10 feet be- 
low the surface. It has been blasted 
through almost solid rock, and is about 
ten feet in diameter and lined with a 
strong wall of water-proof brick. The 
workmen are now almost underneath us, 
so that we hear the windows rattle with 

May, 1899. 



the subterraneous thunder of every blast 
of dynamite. This tunnel will bring di- 
rectly underneath our homes the pure 
water from far out in the lake, so that it 
will only have to be pumped up. It illus- 
trates the mission of the Church and 
Christian reform movements, which is to 
bring the refreshing, cleansing water of 
the Holy Spirit within reach of perishing 
souls. The rock-bound iniquities, preju- 
dices, and popular evils must be tunneled 
through, and reformers must work be- 
low the surface, in obscurity and danger, 
blasting out the obstructions with the dy- 
namite of God's truth, in order that the 
generations to come may enjoy the bless- 
ings of our Christian civilization. There 
must be upheavals which will jar the na- 
tions before these reforms can be carried 
through, and the channel opened for the 
streams which gently flow. It is a narrow 
view of the gospel, indeed, which under- 
estimates the value of reform work. 


Several of the evangelists we have 
heard lately in Willard Hall have cried 
down reform. They say they are tired 
hearing men preach reform. They had 
for years heard the cry, Reform! Reform, 
Reform! and what was the result? Crime 
and intemperance were on the increase. 
What was needed was regeneration and 
not reformation. They illustrate the re- 
former's idea by a farmer, who, after his 
wife and children were taken sick by us- 
ing water from an impure well, conclud- 
ed to remedy the matter by painting the 
pump and puttying the holes. Notice 
how the illustration does not apply. 
Water, in the Bible, commonly illustrates 
the saving, cleansing power of the Holy 
Spirit. Like water in the depths of the 
earth, or in the lake, it is abundant and 
free, yet wells and tunnels must be sunk, 
that souls may have access to it, and 
these very properly represent the church 
and means of grace, as prayer, the word, 
praise and preaching. The minister, 
Whose business it is to draw water for 
thirsty souls, represents the pump, and, 
like the pump, may often get dry and 
need priming. Now, it is far from the 
idea of true reformers that, when these 
wells or churches are all polluted and 

poisoned by such false religions as Free- 
masonry, teaching salvation without an 
atonement, and prayer not in the name of 
Christ, and selfish charity, and a partial 
morality confined only to lodge mem- 
bers — that the only way to remedy these 
evils is to putty and paint the preacher, 
and especially if he is a high Mason, and 
is largely responsible for this condition 
of the church. Oh, no! in such cases we 
prescribe an entirely new pump. We 
aim to purge the church of all false re- 
ligions and corruptors of the worship of 


We have long advocated entire exclu- 
sion of lodge members from the church. 
If Christ condemned the church at Per- 
gamos because they tolerated some who 
held the doctrine of Balaam, and of the 
Nicolaitanes, which thing he said "I 
hate," much more must he hate in this 
enlightened gospel age the toleration of 
such a false religion as Freemasonry in 
his church. We have observed that most 
of these evangelists who cry down re- 
form practically draw no line of separa- 
tion from Masonry. Though they, at 
times, utter strong testimony against the 
lodge, yet high Masons often take a lead- 
ing part in their meetings and in their 
choirs. Think of Elijah in his day hold- 
ing great union meetings with Baal wor- 
shipers, and with priests of Baal on his 
platform, and taking a prominent part; 
and then think of him at such meetings 
crying down reform. Surely this secret 
lodge system is an evil which more than 
any other is paralyzing the church's 
power. Their Christless brotherhoods, 
rituals and ceremonies are closing the 
only door by which sinners can find ac- 
cess to God, and they are dividing and 
scattering the power of God's people. 


As an illustration of how the water in 
the wells of salvation is poisoned by Ma- 
sonic ministers, we have a newspaper 
report of a sermon preached one Sabbath 
in a large church in a Western city; and 
we frequently get reports of such ser- 
mons. It was from the text, "Unto vou 



May, 1899. 

it is given to know the mystery of the 
kingdom of God, but unto them that are 
without, all these things are done in para- 
bles, that, seeing they may see and not 
perceive, and hearing they may hear and 
not understand." The preacher went on 
to say that Christ accepted Masonic pres- 
ents from the Magi. John the Baptist 
preached the gospel of the Essenes, a se- 
cret society in the Jordan Valley. The 
three temptations of Christ corresponded 
to the three degrees of Masonry, and, 
like the candidate after the third degree, 
he received the congratulations of angels. 
The scene on the Mount of Transfigura- 
tion is Masonic. Two great Hebrew 
Master Masons, Moses and Elijah, ap- 
peared to Christ and conversed about the 
secret mysteries. The voice, dress, light, 
three tabernacles, which are three lodges, 
and the face of Christ, are all Masonic in 
their symbolic nature. James, Peter and 
John were our Lord's third degree Ma- 
sons, to whom he gave secrets that he 
did not give to the other nine, or to the* 
seventy which constituted the two outer 
circles. Paul's third heaven vision was 
his third Masonic degree. In fact, this 
preacher declares that Masonry greeted 
Christ in his mother's arms. He asked 
the Baptist for one of its rites. He ful- 
filled its ancient prophecies. He taught 
according to its methods. In his resur- 
rection he glorified the central and most 
sacred rite m the ancient mysteries. Such 
a Masonic preacher, and their name is le- 
gion, who could thus pervert the gospel, 
and rank himself among those whom 
Paul describes as, "Professing them- 
selves to be wise, they became fools," 
and, "who changed the truth of God into 
a lie, and worshiped and served the crea- 
ture more than the Creator" — surely no 
amount of putty, or varnish, or paint can 
make him a safe pump to bring up the 
life-giving water of salvation to thirsty 
souls. Such a preacher is a pump that 
must be taken out and apart, and re- 
formed as well as trans-formed. 


It is not every Masonic minister who 
will as boldly read Masonry into the Bi- 
ble as the one above alluded to. But its 
most common and dangerous effect upon 

the preacher's mind is to lead him to 
either minimize, or deny, the doctrine of 
the atonement, which is the very citadel 
of Christianity. How natural that a sys- 
tem claiming to be a religion, just as 
good as, and better than, the church, and 
yet ignoring Christ and his atonement, 
and teaching salvation by works, should 
lead ministers to deny this great vital 
doctrine. It is not surprising that the 
ministers who are unsettling and mis- 
leading the minds of the people on this 
doctrine, are, with few exceptions, Free- 
masons. Many years ago Dr. Thomas, 
of this city, a high Mason, stirred the 
Methodist ministers' meetings by deny- 
ing this cardinal doctrine. And recent- 
ly one of their prominent ministers, in 
their Monday meetings, and in the col- 
umns of the Record, has been rehashing 
the same poisonous theology and was ap- 
plauded by many of the ministers. One 
visiting brother from Michigan declared 
that many in his conference were preach- 
ing that kind of stuff. Here is a sample: 
"Our present era of commercialism in 
economics and of materialism in science, 
what are they but the direct outgrowth of 
the hard, mechanical 'salvation by a 
scheme' and 'governmental or substitu- 
tional theory of the atonement,' which 
were devised in mediaevalism? So long 
as the common people believe in a God 
who 'cannot' help or pardon without le- 
gal, statutory and commercial payment, 
just so long, and no longer, will they put 
up with an economic condition, where 
all things human, including love, soul 
and brains are weighed in scales and es- 
timated in pounds, shillings and pence." 
Dr. Frank Crane also argued that 
there should be a substitution of the 
resurrection of Christ for the cross, as the 
central theme of preaching; that in the 
sermons recorded in the book of Acts, 
the Apostles preached on Jesus and the 
resurrection, and not once on the atone- 
ment. But if Paul, in his early ministry, 
did not sufficiently emphasize the doc- 
trine of the atonement, he afterwards 
learned better, for he writes to the Corin- 
thians: "For I determined not to know 
anything among you save Jesus Christ 
and him crucified." In his great sermon 
on the resurrection, he puts the resurrec- 
tion of Christ as fundamental and essen- 
tial to that of the believer, but vital and 

May, 1899. 



paramount to both, was the death of 
Christ. He says: "For I delivered unto 
you, first of all, that which I also re- 
ceived, how that Christ died for our sins 
according to the Scriptures." How mu- 
tilated the Bible would be if, with a pen 
and red ink, we would mark out every 
verse that speaks of atonement through 
the blood of Jesus, and how foolish for 
ministers to try to argue away or mini- 
mize a doctrine so deeply imbedded in 
the Bible as this. 


When the Great Eastern was laying 
the Atlantic cable, dispatches were sent 
back every few minutes to see if the cable 
worked all right. After several hundred 
miles had been laid, all at once the com- 
munication ceased; something had gone 
wrong. The great vessel was turned 
around and began taking up the cable. 
Several miles of it were hauled in, when 
it was discovered that a piece of iron had 
been accidentally driven through the ca- 
ble, which had broken the current and 
caused all the mischief. This was re- 
moved and the communication was re- 
stored as before. Would it not be well 
for those who complain of the lack of 
the power and communication of the Di- 
vine Spirit in the church to consider if 
there is lurking in it some secret sin such 
as Freemasonry and kindred orders? 


Those who have read that wonderful 
book, "Finney's Autobiography," must 
be impressed with the remarkable revi- 
vals which accompanied his preaching. 
No evangelist from that day to this has 
produced anything like the deep relig- 
ious conviction, and sweeping revivals 
that accompanied the preaching of Fin- 
ney. The Holy Spirit in those days came 
with great power. As an explanation of 
the contrast between the condition of the 
churches then and now, we request our 
readers to note the reason given in this 
Cynosure in the article on the Morgan 
times by Jacob Ackart, who well remem- 
bers the experiences of those times. He 
says that the anti-Masonic tidal wave in 
those days that followed the Morgan ex- 

citement swept Masonry out of the 
churches, so that they "would as soon 
have fellowship an Ephesian worshiper 
of Diana, as an adhering Mason." Have 
we not every reason to believe that if we 
could have another such tidal wave, it 
would be followed with similar results? 
The Holy Spirit will not dwell in a cor- 
rupt church any more than we will live 
in a filthy house. The fearful and de- 
spairing conviction is settling down up- 
on ministers and evangelists that their 
labors are growing more and more bar- 
ren of results, that the power of the 
Spirit is turned off. Brethren, remove 
the obstruction. Purge your churches 
of this false religion of the lodge, and 
then see if the old-time power of the 
Holy Spirit will not again accompany 
your sermons. 


We have repeatedly published the 
strong proof by Gov. Ritner, in a letter 
to the Pennsylvania Legislature, show- 
ing that George Washington was not an 
affiliating Mason, and that it was not 
agreeable to him to be addressed as a Ma- 
son. But in spite of this and other most 
reliable testimony, Masons will persist in 
fastening upon Washington the oppro- 
brium of being a Mason. Is it any won- 
der that they are now claiming that the 
renowned Lincoln was a member of their 
order? The Chicago Record recently 
contained the following from Mr. Curtis: 
"Robert Gordon Hardie, the famous 
portrait artist, is here for the purpose of 
painting a portrait of George Washing- 
ton in Masonic regalia. His commission 
comes from Henry S. W r ellcome, the 
American merchant in London who re- 
cently presented the portrait of Pocahon- 
tas to the United States Senate, and will 
present Mr. Hardie's portrait of Wash- 
ington to the grand lodge of Masons of 
Great Britain. Washington was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic lodge of Alexandria, 
Va., and upon the walls of the lodge room 
hangs a portrait of the father of his coun- 
try in the regalia of a past master, which 
was painted from life in 1794 by an ama- 
teur named Williams, who was a mem- 
. her of the same lodge. It is a very poor 
likeness, and of no value as a work of art. 



May, 1899. 

No one would ever know that it was in- 
tended to be a picture of Washington ex- 
cept for the label it bears. It was painted 
at Mount Vernon, and the original collar 
and ornaments which appear in the pic- 
ture are still preserved in the Masonic 
Temple at Philadelphia. Mr. Hardie in- 
tends to copy one of the full-length por- 
traits of Washington and add the regalia 
from the Alexandria picture. It is the 
popular impression throughout the coun- 
try that President Lincoln was a Mason, 
but Secretary Hay says he was not. Sev- 
eral pictures of Lincoln in Masonic rega- 
lia have been published, with statements 
of men who claimed to have been mem- 
bers of the same lodge. Secretary Hay 
recalls that the question came up at one 
time during the war, upon the receipt of 
several letters of inquiry, and Mr. Lin- 
coln told him that he had never been a 


The old churchmen who were afraid of 
the spread of secret societies have been 
more or less vindicated. They feared 
that as these organizations grew, the 
church organizations would be more or 
less neglected. Has not that in a meas- 
ure at least come to pass? Ministers of 
all churches complain that it is so hard to 
get the men out to the Sabbath meetings. 
It is that way all over the country. The 
Catholic church is one of the few that 
have escaped the hopelessness of menless 
Sabbath audiences, but even that church 
has seen inroads made upon its pews and 
that fact accounts for its recent opposi- 
tion to secret societies in Dubuque. 

We are not saying that there is any- 
thing hostile in secret societies toward 
the churches or toward religion. On the 
contrary, nearly all the secret orders 
work toward the purest ends of religion 
— fraternity. Their motto in brief is 
"help ye one another." Secret societies 
after they have been stripped of all their 
tomfoolery and riotousness, stand for the 
brotherhood of men, and in most of them 
the fatherhood of God is at least respect- 
fully mentioned. But most men give 
their hearts to only one thing at a time. 
At the present time their best organized 
efforts seem to be expended on the secret 

orders. A church has to put forth long 
efforts to gain a class of thirty, but in a 
few days last week a class of ten times 
thirty presented itself at the Temple of 
the El Medi in this city to be initiated in- 
to the Arabian mysteries of. "another link 
in the golden chain of Pythianism." 

We do not want to set the churches 
and the secret societies one against the 
other. But the thought often comes to 
one that these secret societies have drain- 
ed a great deal of the vitality that used to 
go toward the development of the 
churches. The men have found a new 
religion and that is the religion of enjoy- 
ing themselves while helping each other 
along the rough road leading to eternity. 
If these secret societies have not faith 
and hope, they have charity and that is 
the greatest of the religious trinity. This 
is presented as one of the questions un- 
covered in the shifting drama of human 
life. Perhaps, as the wild enthusiasm of 
these societies wears away, the churches 
will again claim their own. 

The above editorial from the Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, Republican of April 9th, is 
significant as the expression of a leading 
secular paper, showing from the stand- 
pint of an outside observer that the very 
existence of the church is menaced by 
secret orders. But he takes a superfi- 
cial view of the subject, and is in serious 
error when he says that these orders 
work toward the purest ends of religion- 
fraternity. The fact is they are working 
toward the shattering of society into 
fragments. They are schools training 
men to be intensely selfish. They are 
breaking up the harmony and mutual 
confidence that constitute the cement of 
the social structure. By their pledged 
and sworn favoritism they are fruitful 
sources of jealousy and alarm. The 
chronic selfishness now permeating all 
society, the bitter sectarianism and po- 
litical partisanship is largely caused by 
secret organizations. When men secret- 
ly combine to secure unfair advantages 
over their fellows it naturally drives those 
outside of the select circle to likewise 
combine and use every means of self-de- 

The motto of the church is, or should 
be, "Help ye one another," irrespective 
of color, condition or nationality. But 
the motto of the lodge is "Help one an- 

May, 1899. 



other," provided the other is a member 
of our fraternity, is able-bodied, is not 
colored, and has his dues paid up. Who 
will dare to call this charity such as 
Christ enjoined upon his followers? And 
how can they stand for the brotherhood 
of men and the fatherhood of God when 
they exclude and ignore the Elder Broth- 
er, the only Mediator between God and 
man. Christ is the indispensable corner- 
stone of the Christian brotherhood, and 
his atonement is essential to that rela- 
tionship. There is weighty truth in what 
the editor says, that "most men give 
their hearts to only one thing at a time. 
At the present time their best organized 
efforts seem to be expended on the se- 
cret orders." This is what makes the 
lodge system the most dangerous form of 
modern idolatry, even more provoking 
to God than was the ancient worship of 



A dispatch from Milwaukee to one of 
the dailies of this city says that "Joseph 
O. Hebert, who was at one time a well- 
to-do resident of Grand Rapids, Wis., is 
at St. Joseph Hospital, this city, and will 
be a cripple for life because of the rough 
handling he received at the initiation 
ceremonies of a lodge. Two operations 
have been performed by the surgeons. 
They hold out no hope, and Mr. Hebert 
will sue the lodge." It is surely time that 
pulpit, press and platform should speak 
in thunder tones against this outrageous 
abuse of the bodies and souls of men. 
Cases similar to the above are growing 
in frequency and are of almost daily oc- 
currence. A pastor of one of the largest 
churches in Chicago has been so exer- 
cised over these outrages that he pro- 
cured from lodge men their traditional 
goat, called the "Day Mare of the Des- 
sert," used in their initiation ceremonies; 
and, clearing his pulpit platform he called 
out a number of his members who were 
seceders from the lodges, and had them, 
before his large congregation, go 
through with the initiation of a candi- 
date precisely as they did in the lodge. 
This, too, was done on Sabbath, because 
he felt that a desperate case required 
desperate treatment. 

The New York Evening World of 
April 5 reports the severe injury of a 
candidate during an initiation into a se- 
cret lodge in Plainfield, N. J. The World 
says that "When young Henry Yeager, 
of Plainfield, gets well enough to sit up 
and take some interest in life again his 
father is going to make trouble for the 
Franklin Council of the Junior Order of 
the United American Mechanics, he 
says. Henry, with several other friends, 
was initiated into the order, and as a re- 
sult he emerged from the hall with a 
sprained arm and other injuries. It is 
said that by mistake the goats of several 
degrees were turned upon him at once." 


The Syracuse, N. Y., Post-Standard of 
April 21 reports another sad death result- 
ing from initiation into a Forester lodge, 
in the village of Solvay, N. Y. The vic- 
tim's name was Wm. N. Green, of Sol- 
vay, and the Standard says: "For a num- 
ber of days he had not tasted a morsel of 
food and his death was not unexpected. 
On April 4 last, Coroner Weaver says, 
Green was initiated into a court of For- 
esters of America in Solvay village. In 
the initiation ceremonies he was shot in 
the right thigh with the wad of a blank 
cartridge. He was taken to his home 
and Dr. E. H. Flint was called to attend 
him. He continued to fail gradually and 
several days afterward his jaws set rig- 
idly and he suffered untold agonies. 
Without food or drink his life slowly 
ebbed away until last night, when death 
occurred. The case was brought to the 
attention of Coroner Weaver yesterday 
afternoon and he made an investigation. 
Green made a statement to the coroner 
that he had been shot during the initia- 
tion ceremonies, but he revealed no 
names and said that he held no one re- 
sponsible for the deed. The coroner said 
this morning that lockjaw had been the 
direct cause of death, but that the gun- 
shot wound was one of the contributory 
causes. At midnight Undertaker Mc- 
Carthy was summoned and prepared the 



May, 1899. 

body for burial. Green was 31 years of 
age and married. He was born in Han- 
nibal, Oswego County, and had lived in 
Syracuse for the past twenty-one years. 
He was quite well and favorably known 
throughout the West End. Green is sur- 
vived by a large family besides his wife. 
The funeral arrangements have not yet 
been made and probably will not be de- 
termined upon until it is decided defin- 
itely whether there will be any further in- 


Our readers will be interested in the 
fact that Bro. S. A. Scarvie, an earnest, 
talented young theological student, from 
the Marion Park, Minn., Theological 
Seminary, has taken the field as lecturer 
and agent for the National Christian As- 
sociation. He comes from one of the 
radical Lutheran anti-secret churches, is 
well posted in the principles of the move- 
ment, and devoted to the cause. He is a 
seceder from the lodge, having been a 
member of the United Workmen, and 
also of the Modern Woodmen. He lec- 
tured April 30, in Rev. Jerdee's congre- 
gation near Robbinsdale, Minn., and has 
appointments at Ridgeway, Ossian, 
Washington Prairie and Locust, Iowa. 
We do hope that the friends of our cause 
along the route of this young brother will 
exert special efforts to arrange meetings 
for him. His dates and terms can be ob- 
tained by writing to Secretary W. I. 
Phillips of this office. 


Bro. E. Ronayne writes under date of 
April 22, that he now has his book about 
ready for the press, and is negotiating for 
its publication. It will be much larger 
than at first intended, and cannot be sold, 
when published, for less than $1 a copy. 
The only difficulty that can delay its pub- 
lication is the author's financial circum- 
stances, which prevents him from ad- 
vancing the money needed. He makes 
this request through the Cynosure, that 
if the friends of the cause will send their 
address and $1 to our office, he will send 
to each subscriber the book when it 

comes out. To those who have already 
sent $1 two copies will be sent according 
to the first agreement. 

We can truly say, after hearing much 
of the manuscript read, that this book 
will be ithe author's masterpiece. His 
"Master's Carpet" has had a large sale r 
and is appreciated by many as the most 
valuable of anti-Masonic publications. 
But this book will be larger, and will con- 
tain the truth on the Masonic issue, in 
the concrete form of the author's inter- 
esting and varied experience, inside and 
outside the lodge. And not only will it 
turn the light of God's truth upon the 
subject of Masonry, but upon the great 
Romish apostasy as well. The publica- 
tion of this book, filled with interesting 
facts and experiences, will interest both 
old and young, and its wide circulation 
will tend greatly to advance the cause. 
Bro. Ronayne has been often requested 
to write such an autobiography, and 
now, after much labor and pains, during 
the sickness and death which have en- 
tered his home, he has about completed 
the work. And surely it is a fitting op- 
portunity for all interested in any reform 
to aid in giving wide circulation to this 
book. They should do this not merely to 
aid the cause, but for the reason that the 
author is much in need of the assistance 
which the sale of this book would give 
him ; and because none of the workers in 
this reform have made such sacrifices, 
encountered such opposition and en- 
dured such hardships as Bro. Ronayne. 

The following contents of chapter 7 
will give an impression of the interesting 
matter which the book contains: Isa. 42: 
16: "All things are of God." Gloomy 
prospects. Intense persecution. At- 
tacked by the priest, Rev. Wm. Fitzpat- 
rick . Finally protected by Irish Society. 
Course of Secular and Bible study. Rome 
wholly pagan. Dublin Training College. 
Graduate in February, '52. Jerry Lyons' 
argument against Extreme Unction. A 
boy's reply to a school inspector. Oola, 
near Tipperary. A rim for life. Chased 
for five hours in the dark. Back to Oola. 
Ballybrood school. Policeman O'Leary. 
Gloomy outlook again. Ordered to Ral- 
ahine, County Clare. An absentee land- 
lord's school. Priestly domination. Nine- 
teen months boycott. Flight from Rome. 
Sailed for Quebec. 

May, 1899. 





Have you met with the following state- 
ment of Prof. Graham Taylor of Chicago, 
comparing the number of the churches 
with the lodges ? 

Year. lation. Ch'rches. Lodges. 

Buffalo 1889 240,000 114 218 

New Orleans. 1889 216,000 178 279 

Washington. .1889 203,459 181 316 

St. Louis 1889 450,000 220 729 

Worcester 1889 85,000 54 88 

Boston 1890 458,477 246 599 

Brooklyn 1890 853,945 355 695 

Chicago 1890 1.099,850 384. 1,083 

Man is a social animal. He 'finds his 
natural appetencies met in these lodges 
and makes that his church. What candid 
man will not admit that one great foe of 
the church is the lodge? 

Madison, Wis. 


The '"'Norse Intelligensedler," a prom- 
inent daily in Christiania, Norway, now 
in its 137th year, has, in a series 
of articles published the ceremonies 
and oaths of Blue Lodge Masonry. 
Christiania is the seat of Masonry in 
Norway. This is certainly a good sign 
that a daily has the courage to publish 
the secrets of Masonry in spite of the 
fact that the King is the Grand Master. 
The ceremonies and oaths are the same 
as given by Mr. Ronayne in his hand- 
book, except that they have given the 
secret word in the third degree as "Mac- 
benac," instead of "Mahhahbone." In 
all the English lodges, whether in Great 
Britain or Canada, both "Mah-hah-bone" 
and "Mac-benac" are used as the secret 
passwords. But it is presumed that 
"Mac-benac" is commonly used on the 
continent. The Masonic explanation of 
these words is that the former refers to 
the "death of the builder," and the latter 
signifies "the builder is smitten." "I was 
very much interested in finding that Ma- 
sonry is the same in Europe as in Amer- 
ica. Certainly Masonry cannot be 
changed, and when the secrets are out 
the world knows what those people are 

doing in their dark chambers. But Ma- 
sons will, of course, deny and lie." 

O. T. Lee. 
Northwood, Iowa. 


What is the real reason that the Puri- 
tans are stigmatized as persecutors? Why 
are not Episcopalians, who were for cen- 
turies red with martyr blood, so denomi- 
nated? Why do we hear about the dark 
and gloomy fanaticism of the Puritan 
mind, and see it stated that this natural- 
ly led to severe legislation, while the New 
England colonies had eight or ten capital 
offenses to England's more than one 
hundred and sixty? The Puritan required 
church attendance, so did Virginia. The 
penalty for the third violation of this law 
of the Cavalier was death. Why is not 
this second fact mentioned along with 
the first? 

The answer is, I think, not difficult. 
The Puritans were honestly seeking to 
live the New Testament and to found a 
Christian state. They loved God, which 
no one objects to; but they also hated the 
devil, which always makes trouble. The 
result was that the devil hated them, and 
that to this day he and his friends delight 
to make them odious. If they had danced, 
played cards, smoked, gone to the thea- 
ter and the lodge, run divorce mills, "cor- 
dially sympathized" with God, voted ev- 
ery time for the devil, preached the 
Fourth Commandment up, lived it down, 
lauded the Bible in general and destroyed 
it in detail, we should never have heard 
a word about Puritan narrowness, big- 
otry and intolerance. Jesus understood 
this and said to his brethren: "The world 
cannot hate you; but me it hateth, be- 
cause I testify of it that the words thereof 
are evil." (John vii: 7.) As soon as his 
disciples began to utter his testimony, the 
world hated them also, and stoned and 
crucified right and left. — Pres. C. A.. 

I find in my editorial experience that 
continued articles, or very lengthy ar- 
ticles, are not read with interest, as are 
short independent articles. — Win. Dil- 
lon, D. 1). 



May, 1899. 

Hetn0 of ®ur Pori 

Sec. W. I. Phillips, as we go to press, 
is absent in New York looking after the 
financial interests of our association. He 
and Director J. M. Hitchcock have done 
much extra work in arranging for the an- 
nual meeting. 

The next general council of the Order 
of Red Men will meet in Piqua, Ohio. 
The last council met in Chillicothe, Ohio, 
.and its festivities were closed with a 
grand ball as usual. The members were 
admitted free ; all others paid a good ad- 
mission fee. 

John Helfrich, of Larwill, Ind., finds 
that in conversation with men in political 
circles the agitation of the anti-secret 
cause has assumed the proportion of get- 
ting a fair notice in the politics of the 
•county at the next election. He is a 
most persevering worker, giving anti- 
secret literature to those interested 
enough to read, and warning young men 
of the evil of the lodge. 

Wm. Adams, Hillsboro, Ore. : Prof. 
Ely compares the lodge to a barrel of ap- 
ples ; a dozen rotten ones rotting the 
whole. No, it is simple rot ; and rots ev- 
erything that goes in, unless it is al- 
ready rotten. It is organized depravity, 
cunning craftiness, lying in wait to de- 
ceive. We all want a government from 
God and by the people, and for the peo- 
ple. But what we now have is a govern- 
ment of the Masons, by the Masons and 
for the Masons. 

The Gospel Messenger, a monthly 
magazine, now in its twenty-first volume, 
and published by Bro. S. Hassell at Will- 
iamston, N. C., contains in its April num- 
ber a two-page editorial strongly oppos- 
ing secret societies. It gives the num- 
ber of churches testifying against them; a 
high commendation of the N. C. A., and 
the Christian Cynosure; and a condensed 
argument against the lodge, showing that 
secret societies are unmanly, because de- 
stroying individual independence; unpa- 
triotic, because putting a member's alle- 

giance to his lodge above his allegiance 
to his country, and un-Christian, because 
ignoring and denying the divinity and 
mediatorship of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Rev. P. B. Williams, in reporting some 
after convention echoes, writes that they 
encountered some opposition from 
sources least expected. He sa)^s: "The 
Mount Carmel Mission leaders who pre- 
tended to renounce the lodge, accused us 
of un-Christian conduct in putting our 
advertising sign up on the building above 
one of their doors. We more than hinted 
to them that if they wished to show any- 
thing like a Christian spirit, they could 
dismiss their fourteen or fifteen mission 
people, and come up stairs to the State 
convention. It is wonderful how some 
folks can feel injured, when they actually 
have nothing to injure. This mission re- 
minds me of an old hen w r e are trying to 
break from sitting. She will sit on the 
naked boards, and seems delighted on an 
empty nest." 

From a large batch of letters addressed 
to the Seattle convention, Bro. Williams 
sends the following : " Will Tucker, Eddy- 
ville, Oregon, says. 'You have my pray- 
ers for a good convention.' The Misses 
Whiting, of Tacoma: Tt would g$ve us 
great pleasure to attend the anti-secrecy 
convention in Seattle. It will be impos- 
sible, as we are teaching in the schools 
here.' Dr. H. H. George wrote from Los 
Angeles: 'My heart sympathies are with 
you in your work, and could I be there, 
would gladly give my testimony upon the 
side where there would be no mistake as 
to the position. The entire system is evil, 
and only evil' Rev. W< H. Pruett, Wes- 
ton, Ore., wrote two excellent letters of 
encouragement, which is greatly appre- 
ciated by us. Mr. S. M. NerT, of Con- 
comully, sent us kind words, and sub- 
stantial aid, as did also J. C. Cozier, of 
Oakesdale, Wash. Rev. Wm. Adams, of 
Hillsboro, wrote us two good letters. 
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Card, of South Seat- 
tle, could not get out because of the 
storm, but gave us help in a substantial 
manner. I cannot mention all the kind 
words sent us. There is an anti-secrecy 
leaven at work here. We pray that it 
may go on until the whole coast is leav- 

May, 1809. 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard writes from Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, that he is carrying out the 
program announced in his last report. 
His work in New York City brought 
quite an enlargement of the Cynosure 
subscriptions. He visited churches and 
conferences, open for his testimony. One 
Sabbath he preached in the Free Metho- 
dist Church, Brooklyn; another in the 
First U. P. Church, Jersey City. He re- 
ceived much encouragement at a confer- 
ence of the Missouri Lutheran Synod. 
Some spoke of liking the Cynosure much 
better in its present form. In Philadel- 
phia he addressed the students of the 
Mount Airy Lutheran Theological Semi- 
nary, and a meeting in the Christian 
Catholic Church. He visited Steelton 
and the College at Huntingdon, where he 
spoke at a meeting, and led the college 
devotional exercises with 300 students 
present. The next Sabbath he spent with 
Rev. J. B. Corey, pastor of the Free 
Methodist Church at Braddock, Pa., 
where he received a collection and some 
subscribers. He found Hope Mission in 
Pittsburg still ''throwing out the life 

On the second Sabbath before our 
Seattle convention, writes Bro. Will- 
iams, we have loyal men at each of the 
churches in the city to distribute adver- 
tising cards, which started like this: "Se- 
cret societies! Are they right? A con- 
vention to discuss them will be held in the 
Old Presbyterian Church," etc. At a 
leading church, where an elaborate Eas- 
ter service had just closed, a good brother 
asked the privilege of distributing the 
cards. The two pastors were consulted, 
and their answer was: "Some of our 
members are in the various secret orders; 
we would rather not create any trouble 
or discord;" but politely said, "No doubt 
your meetings will be well advertised in 
the papers." A few lodge men have those 
two churches by the throat. The next 
Sabbath we sent a man to distribute pro- 
grams who did not stop to ask the privi- 
lege, but stood on the street and handed 
them out as the people departed from 
church. Some of the brethren bounced 
him with, "What are you distributing 
them at a Protestant Methodist Church 
for, as if we were responsible for the ex- 
istence of secret societies?" The brother 

very politely informed him that he was 
doing it because he wished to help de- 
stroy the works of the devil. 


The Washington State Association op- 
posed to secret societies met in the old 
Presbyterian Churchy Seattle, W'ash., 
April 10 and 11. The meeting was called 
to order by the field agent. A half hour 
was spent in song and prayer. In the ab- 
sence of the president, Rev. C. E. Mc- 
Reynolds was elected chairman. The 
first speaker was Rev. P. A. Mettson, of 
Tacoma. His theme, "The Church and 
Secret Societies," was ably discussed, and 
especially commended by the secular 
press. The field agent continued the 
same theme for an hour or more, so as 
not to detract from what had been so 
ably presented. This meeting was large- 
ly attended, the large hall being com- 
fortably filled, notwithstanding a driz- 
zling rain. 

The next morning we arose to find the 
"elements" turned loose upon us. It was 
pouring down rain and kept it up all day. 
Those who have been on Puget Sound 
during the "rainy season" know what 
that means. It seemed utterly impossible 
for ladies to get out at all, yet a few stout- 
hearted ones did get there, and we se- 
cured about half an audience all the way 
through. The elements did not abate the 
enthusiasm in the least. The addresses 
were all excellent, and some extra good. 
I must especially mention the one by 
Rev. J. I. Frazer on the "Jesuits as a Se- 
cret Society." This was the address of 
the convention. But they were all good 
and are requested for the Cynosure. Rev. 
M. H. Nichols was elected to represent 
the association at the N. C. A. meeting 
at Chicago in May. The following offi- 
cers were elected: President, Rev. P. A. 
Mattson ; Vice President, Rev. C. E. Mc- 
Reynolds; Secretary, Rev. P. J. McDon- 
ald; Treasurer, Rev. M. L. Larson; Field 
Agent, Rev. P. B. Williams. Quite a 
number of friends who could not be pres- 
ent wrote very encouraging letters, some 
sending material aid to help in the ex- 
penses of the association. Among those 
are: S. M. Xcff, J. C. Cozier, Misses Delia 
and Julia Whiting. James M. Leeper, T. 



May, 1899. 

B. Lott, and John Hart. Among those 
sending letters of encouragement are: 
Rev. W. H. Pruett, F. M. Salisbury, Geo. 
W. Shealey, Hugh Todd, Rev. Win.. Ad- 
ams, Bishop Barkley, and Rev. I. R. 

We are more than surprised at the 
open doors for oui^ work. I now have 
more than fifty places where I could 
speak, had I the means at hand. At the 
close of the convention a dozen or more 
pastors flocked around me inviting me to 
come and speak to their people. I am 
praying that the way may be open. The 
secretary and others will write up the 
work of the convention, so I will not 
write more now, only to add that Rev. 
McReynolds presided with dignity and 
honor to the convention. One fine fea- 
ture of the meeting was the appropriate 
music by the male quartette of Ross Col- 
lege. They brought down the house with 
"Mah Hah Bone," arranged by Rev. 
Charles McKinley, especially for the con- 
vention. They are fine singers and de- 
voted Christian young men. The world 
will hear of them in the future. 

P. B. Williams. 

Salem, Oregon. 


William Slosson was born July 22, 
1800, and lived the remarkably long life 
of ninety-eight years, six months and two 
davs. He was a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Binghamton, N. 
Y., for more than fifty years. He retain- 
ed his faculties to a wonderful degree. 
He was quiet, peaceable, humble and 
meek, yet a man of strong character, set- 
tled convictions, and whose talents were 
employed on the side of righteousness; 
whose effort was exerted for the suppres- 
sion of evil. Especially was he a foe of 
secret societies and intemperance. These 
were his hobbies. With the assistance of 
literature; by the word kindly but firmly 
spoken; with prayerful trust in God, he 
waged a warfare against secret societies. 
For many years he was ready to go to his 
"long home." He had said to the writer 
on more than one occasion: "I have been 
wanting to go home ever since I was 70. 
I do not know why the Lord keeps me 
here, unless it is to fight secret societies 
and intemperance." He had often ex- 

pressed the desire that some time he 
should go to sleep and never awake here. 
His desire was realized. He went to 
sleep and awoke not on earth but in 
heaven. Walter A. Wagner. 

Binghamton, N. Y. 


My youngest brother, Rev. S. L. 
Guthrie, who died in Tempe, Arizona, 
on January 28th, did not belong to any 
secret organization, and his whole life's 
record was opposed to every work of 
darkness. He frequently spoke against 
the lodge in his sermons, and also did 
very effective work in a quiet way. Many 
a young man was kept out of the lodge 
and saloon through his influence. He 
graduated from Hedding College in 
1893, and became one of the faculty, 
teaching there until the summer of 1896, 
when failing health caused him to try a 
Western climate. In the fall of '97 he 
joined the Central Illinois M. E. Confer- 
ence, after being a local preacher in that 
conference for nine years. Many of the 
Illinois people well remember the fear- 
less temperance lecturer and faithful 
preacher. His people in Tempe and 
Mesa, Arizona, where he was pastor the 
past two years, mourn deeply with his be- 
reaved wife and relatives, the early death 
of this faithful servant of Christ. 

Mrs. M. B. Park. 

Alexandria, Neb. 

Bro. J. P. Stoddard writes of the death 
of Elder Sidney Wilder. He says: "It 
seems fitting that one so long devoted to 
the cause of reform should have honor- 
able mention in its official organ, The 
Cynosure, he so highly prized. The de- 
ceased was a native of New York State, 
born Jan. 22, 1822, and accepted Christ 
as his Savior, and was baptized and re- 
ceived into church fellowship by his fath- 
er when 8 years of age. He took the first 
class honor in his collegiate studies, and 
graduated from the Theological Semi- 
nary in 1850. He was a sympathetic and 
devoted friend, a fearless and eloquent 
preacher, an earnest and successful evan- 
gelist and a beloved pastor. He baptized 
over six hundred believers during the 
nearly forty years of his ministry. On 
December 24th, 1898, he laid aside the 

•May, 1899. 



soldier's armor and quietly entered into 
rest at his home in Newark, N. Y. No 
sacrifice was too great for him to make, 
and no storm too fierce for him to face in 
the interests of righteous reform. I shall 
•ever hold in grateful memory the efficient 
co-operation, the generous support and 
unstinted hospitality of his Christian 
home whenever I passed that way. Un- 
fortunate investments cast a shadow over 
his autumn days, but so firm was his faith 
in God that he never faltered, even when 
he saw the substance he had hoped to 
leave for his wife and children and the 
maintenance of his principles, devoured 
by thieves and robbers. His companion 
writes tenderly of her bereavement, but 
confident of a glad reunion when it shall 
be the Father's will to say it is enough 
of sorrow, "come up higher." "The mem- 
ory of the just shall live." 

Chesley D. Coppock died recently at 
his home near Le Grand, Marshall Coun- 
ty, Iowa, in his 73d year. He had resid- 
ed there forty-four years; was well-to-do, 
and one of the substantial residents of 
the county. He was a Cynosure reader 
and a good friend of the anti-secret cause 
for many years. Mrs. Mary Coppock 
survives him, as do also two sons, Alden 
and Newlin. His funeral was held from 
the Christian Church of Le Grand. 

torn ©ttr Mail 

Rev. A. M. Malcom, Eau Claire, Pa. : — 
I am in hearty sympathy with the anti- 
secret movement. The branch of Christ's 
church in which I minister, the Associate 
Presbyterian, rigidly excludes all mem- 
bers of secret orders from its communion; 
would that the whole church could do 

Bro. H. C. Cassel, Philadelphia, Pa. : — 
The Bible is just as clear on the lodge 
question as it is on repentance or any 
other doctrine; and if our people had as 
much of the power .of the gospel as they 
have of the form, they would see it clear- 
ly. May God baptize our ministers with 
the Holy Spirit, that they may see the 
truth and dare to be a Daniel. 

The more I see of secrecy the more I feel 
its power for evil; especially against the 
church of Christ; and the consequent ne- 
cessity of marshaling every possible 
Christian force against it. 

Bro. R. Randolph, Philadelphia, Pa. : — 
I believe that the principle of secrecy is 
a venomous leaven in which the devil, so 
surely as there is a devil, is most intense- 
ly interested, and with which he is most 
closely identified. May you have good 
success through the faith and inspiration 
of him who is the abiding light of the 
world, in laying the ax to the root of the 
corrupt tree, to the disparagement of the 
works of darkness. 

Hiram W. Utter, Perry, N. Y— In sla- 
very times it was said that slavery was the 
sum of all villainies. This phrase may 
now properly be applied to oath-bound 
secrecy, which is the devil's masterpiece. 
It paralyzes the church and menaces the 
stability of the government. It is found- 
ed upon selfishness as its cornerstone. It 
arrays itself against those who are not its 
members, and they are bound to stand 
by one another, no matter how unwor- 
thy. How can a Mason be a good Chris- 
tian while he is in sworn allegiance to un- 
godly men, stronger even than he is to a 
brother Christian? I am glad The Cyno- 
sure is exposing this evil in all its de- 
formity. It is certainly entitled to the 
name Christian. 

Rev. S. A. Erhard, Somonauk, 111. : For 
years I have had Mr. Ronayne's little 
pamphlet, "Freemasonry at a Glance." 
I am for twenty years a Catholic priest. 
When in Niagara University I read Mor- 
gan's Exposure of Freemasonry. Fort 
Niagara is situated twelve miles from the 
University. The officers make no con- 
cealment in showing us the cell in which 
Morgan was held prisoner. They said 
that contrary to the rules of Masonry in 
our enlightened age, he was taken out in 
a little boat by three men. A rope was 
fastened around his neck with a stone at- 
tached to the end, and he was dropped 
into the river. One of these three men, 
although a Mason, when dying revealed 
the sad fate of Morgan. 

Rev. J. S. Martin, New Castle, Pa.:— Rev. B. M. Sharp, McKeesport, Pa.:— 



May, 1899. 

I would deem it an honor and a privilege 
to attend the Johnstown convention with 
men who dare to bear witness for a most 
unpopular truth in the face of the world's 
scorn, opposition and slander. In this in- 
dustrial city the few churches opposed to 
secret societies have most trouble in 
guarding the young men from the minor 
orders. When once inveigled into them 
they are lost to the church and easily led 
into the more wicked orders. The former 
are the stepping stones to the other or- 

Mrs. J. Griffin, Hortonville, Wis.— Oh! 
the untold misery the women of our land 
have to suffer on account of their hus- 
bands joining secret societies, and espe- 
cially the Masons. For sixty-three years 
I have lived with my husband, and as we 
have labored together in the gospel, our 
union has been pleasant and profitable; 
and during all these years I never saw a 
day in which I would not rather have fol- 
lowed him to his grave than have him 
join a Christless secret society. This in- 
cident came under my own observation: 
In the city of Oshkosh, Wis., there was 
a happy and influential family. The wife 
favored her husband joining the Masons, 
which he did without telling her; but 
three months afterward, when she heard 
it through a neighbor it was very differ- 
ent from what she expected. The Ma- 
sonic secrets were not the only secrets 
her husband concealed from her. It was 
the door into other secret sins which have 
broken up the once happy home; and 
now the broken-hearted wife had to leave 
her beautiful home and either go to an 
asylum, or we know not where. 

Hem $uMicattott0* 

'The Miracle at Markham; or, How 
Twelve Churches Became One," by 
Charles M. Sheldon, author of "In His 
Steps," is now going through the Church 
Press at 104 La Salle avenue. We have 
read the advance sheets and predict that 
the book will have as wide a sale as "In 
His Steps." 

perience in the control of Oriental races 
by citing American .experience in Hono- 
lulu, a town "as polyglot as Manila." We 
control the Hawaiians, he says, "not by 
force of arms, but by force of character." 

We have received "An Outline of the 
History of the Christian Reformed 
Church of America," by Rev. Henry Van 
Der Werp, editor of The Watcher, the 
organ of that church, published at Grand 
Rapids, Mich. It is a fifty-page pamphlet 
and full of interest as giving the history 
of the struggles of that noble body of 
Calvinists in defense of truth. 

"Fundamental Principles of Civil Gov- 
ernment" is a forty-five-page booklet by 
Rev. R. C. Allen, of Grove City, Pa., and 
sold for 10 cents. The author's state- 
ments are clear and methodical, throw- 
ing much light upon the vexed problem 
of the relation of government to God and 
his law. We believe the author reasons 
from the right standpoint, and this book- 
let should be in the hands of every stu- 
dent of ethics. 

"People Worth Knowing." Any one 
sending a dollar and his postorfice ad- 
dress to Rev. N. R. Johnston, 1024 East 
30th street, Oakland, Cal., will receive a 
copy of "Looking Back from the Sunset 
Land," a charming book that every re- 
former should read. We have read this 
book with greater interest than any pub- 
lished for a long time. The author is one 
of our most valued contributors, and has 
borne a life-long testimony against the 
secret lodge. 

In the Review of Reviews for April 
Mr. Winthrop L. Marvin answers the as- 
sertion that Americans are without ex- 

An interesting volume of 278 pages, in 
fine print, is "A Discussion on the Order 
of the Sons of Temperance," between Rev. 
W. R. De Witt, D. D., of Harrisburg, 
Pa., who was a lecturer and organizer of 
the Sons of Temperance, and Rev. Wm. 
Easton, pastor of the Associate Reform- 
ed Church at Smyrna, Pa. The former 
championed and the latter opposed se- 
cret orders of all kinds. This book was 
published in Philadelphia in 1847, an d 
is one of the ablest presentations of the 
arguments for and against secret orders. 
As the book is out of print, we will be 
glad if any of our readers can secure a 
copy for us. 

May, 1899. 



The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, III., as second class 

The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept.), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Win. I. Phillips, Secretary aod Business Manager, 
to whom all letters containing money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 




This is a sixteen-page booklet, which the 
author will send to any address postpaid for 
■5 cents. 

It is of special interest to the Christian citi- 
zens of Iowa, as the following quotation will 

"The night I was passed to the degree of 
Fellowcraft. the Treasurer of Palo Alto 
County, J. P. White, was made a Mason, and 
he proposed to me, soon after, to enter a plan 
of settlement by which the Treasurers of 
Webster, Humboldt, Pocahontas and Palo 
Alto Counties could settle with the same 
funds. All were Masons. He said all the 
others had desired him to see me and enlist 
me in the plan. I refused. All three de- 
faulted, and in May, 1898, the last of the 
three died in California, whither he went 
when he had done all he could to meet his 
defalcation. My escape from a similar fate 
was certainly because I was never made a 
Master Mason in due and ancient form." 



Tie Complete Revised Offlcia 

....OF THE.... 

Beneficiary k Fraternal Deirees, 


Unwritten or Secret Wort 

...AND THE... 

Installation and Funeral 

...WITH THE... 

Odes aod Hymns of the Order. 

Sent Postpaid for 25 Cents. 



May, 1899. 

Nearly Fifty-eight Years Old!!! 

It's a long life, but devotion to the true interests, 
and prosperity ot the American people has won for 
it new friends as the years rolled by and the origi- 
nal members of its family passed to their reward, 
and these admirers are loyal and steadfast to-day,, 
with faith in its teachings, and confidence in the- 
information which it brings to their homes and fire- 
sides. As a natural consequence, it enjoys in its 
old age all the vitality and vigor of its youth, 
strengthened and ripened by the experiences of 
over half a century. It has lived on its merits, and on the cordial support of pro- 
gressive Americans. 

It is 'The New York Weekly Tribune," acknowledged the country over as & 
leading National Family Newspaper. 

Recognizing its value to those who desire all the news of the State and Nation, 
the publisher of THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE has entered into an alliance with 
'The New York Weekly Tribune" which enables him to furnish both papers at the 
trifling cost of $1.25 per year. 

Just think of it! Both of these papers for only $1.25 per year. 

Send all subscriptions to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, 111. 





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To Detroit, jiHuac, Georgian Bag, PetosKeg, Clicap 

No other I^ine offers a panorama of 460 miles of equal variety and interest. 

Four Trips per Week Between 

Toledo, Detroit and Mackinac 


LOW RATES to Picturesque Mackinac 
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Send 2C. for Illustrated Pamphlet. Address 


Detroit aoti Cleveland Mention company 

May, 1899. 




The Nation's Bool in tie 



Many Educators and Other Eminent Persons Have Contributed to the Value of This Book. 


Address CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, 221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 

this book. In cloth, 75 cents. Paper, 50 cents. With a subscription to the Cynosure one 
year — cloth, $1.50; paper, $1.20. For one renewal and one new subscription, 
with $2.00, we will send this book in cloth free. • 

President McKinlet, in acknowledging the receipt 
of this book, wrote the author: "The more profoundly 
we study this wonderful book, the Bible, and the more 
closely we observe its divine precepts, the better citizeos 
we will become and the higner will be our destiny as a 

Hon. Charles Emory Smith, Postmaster General, 
writes: "The right of children to the use of the Bible in 
the schools, and allied topics of the last degree of impor- 
tance for the enlargement and emolument of the destiny 
of our oountry, are ably presented in this book, making 
it a work of unique and burning interest to educators, 
ministers, -paa»*ia and all the youth of our beloved land." 

The Chicago Chronicle says : "The book may fairly 
be said to be a very complete and earnest presentation of 
the whole case, as regards what is now being done from 
a candid, non-sectarian point of view." 

The Baltimore American says : "The Chicago Wom- 
an's Educational Union hag just issued 'The Nation'* 
Book in the Nation's Schools,' by Elizabeth Blanohard 
Cook, with an introduction by Newell D. Hillis, D. D. 
This book is a plea for the moral instruction of millions 
of public school children, and its brief, historical and 
practical way of treating the subject of Bible reading it 
the schools commends it to thinkers and workers in ev- 
ery line of patriotic endeavor." 


Ten cents will purchase an assortment, and thirty cents one pound. 

3. Address to American Pastors. 

4. Free Masonry in the Family. 

5. President C. G. Finney. (On the Duty of Christians.) 
7. To the Boys Who Hope to Be Men. 

11. Knight Templar Masonry. 

12. Alexander Campbell's Estimate of the Lodges. 

14. True and False Templarism. 

15. Secrecy and Sin. 

18. Despotic Character of Free Masonry. 

22. Extracts from Masonic Oaths. 

30. Masonic Oaths Null and Void. 

37. German Tract. 

42. Duty and Ability to Know the Character of Free Masonry. 

44. D. L. Moody on Secret Societies. 

45. Ought a Seceding Mason to Keep His Lodge Oath? 
52. Hollandish Tract. 

54. The Church and the Lodge. 

55. Facts. (Last public document by President Jonathan Blanch ard.) 

56. Sinews of War. 


National Christian Association, Chicago, lii 


Blessed riemories; 


By Her Daughter. 

This is a volume of 150 pages with six illustrations. 

"An appropriate sheaf of green is laid upon the grave of Mrs. Mary A. 
Blanchard, wife of the late President Jonathan Blanchard of Wheaton, in the 
little volume with the title "Blessed Memories." . . . Mrs. Blanchard's was, 
to a pre-eminent degree, a life lived in the fear of God. . . . Her religious 
standards were exceedingly high, and she followed them with a serene inevita- 
bleness that profoundly impressed all who knew her. This spirit which left the 
impress of President Blanchard so strongly upon Galesburg and upon Wheaton 
is shown by this book to have gained its force no less from the wife than from the 
husband. A noble woman of the Puritan type. Not only her children but all of 
the wide circle whom she touched rise up and call her blessed." —The Advance. 

A» excellent holiday gift. 

Postpaid, 60 cents each. 

Secrecy and Citizenship. 

Secrecy and Citizenship consists of three essays which received the re- 
spective prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. Lansing, D. D.; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleeth. 

Rev. F. W. Farr, the widely known superintendent of Rev. A. B. Simp- 
son's work, the Christian Alliance, was asked to open the discussion on the "Prize 
Essays," at the Philadelphia Convention (November, 1897), and he then dis- 
cussed at length some of the salient points in each essay: 

In the essay of Dr. Lansing, the independent power of the lodge as a 
menace to the State was particularly dwelt upon. 

In the essay of Dr. Trueblood, the paralysis of moral vision resulting from 
lodge associations was clearly set forth. And in the essay of Dr. Sleeth, the dis- 
tinctions between secrecy and privacy were explained. 

The unanimous verdict of those participating in the discussion was that 
the Prize Essays were worthy of wide circulation and careful perusal. It is an 
attractive as well as a valuable volume of 137 pages, 5x7 J inches, cloth, sent post- 
paid for 50 cents. 

With your own renewal and one new subscription both papers one year 
and the book for only $2.00- 


FIVE BOOKS Tha ' help ° 

make the world 

Better and Wiser. 

These Five Books Will Live Forever, 

Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush. 

(182 pages.) Complete and Unabridged from original edition. By Ian McLaren. A 
collection of beautiful stories, full of pathos and Christian spirit. One of the most help- 
ful and successful books of the age. 

Black Beauty. 

(245 pages.) Complete and Unabridged. By Anna Sewell. The "Uncle Tom's Cabin" 
of the Horse. Adopted by the Boston Grammar Schools as supplementary reading, to 
instill into their pupils the principles of kindness and justice to our domestic animals, as 
well as to each other. 

Drummond's Addresses. 

(263 pages.) Complete and Unabridged. By Henry Drummond. By far the loftiest 
expression of religious sentiment that has ever appeared in book form. Contains the 
celebrated essay entitled "The Greatest Thing in the World, Love." 

Ten Nights in a Bar^Room. 

(196 pages.) Complete and Unabridged. By T. S. Arthur. This is the masterpiece of 
T. S. Arthur, and has been one of the most effective means of temperance reform ever 
conceived. Graphic, pathetic, convincing. Every young person in the land ought to read 
this book. 

/Esop's Fables. 

(192 pages, with 50 illustrations. Contains 300 of the choicest fables.) Translated by 
Rev. G. F. Townsend. For centuries this collection of fables has been the fountain of 
worldly wisdom. Its apt and terse comparisons are calculated to clear the mind of false- 
hood, vanity and folly. 

All these books are printed in large, clear type, and bound in white and gold (paper 
covers). Size of book 4^4x614 inches, such as have been usually sold at 25 cents each. 


On receipt of One Dollar and thirty-five cents we will send the Five Books at once, 
and also send The Cynosure regularly every mouth for one year. This offer good for 
December and January. Books free to those sending two new subscribers for Cynosure. 



May, 1899. 

"Ritual for Rebekah Lodges 

....OF THE.... 

Under the Jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, 


Published by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. 0. 0. F." 


Rebekah Ritual Illustrated. 

With the Unwritten (Secret) Work Added. 
Also the Official 

Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 

and Installation of Officers of 

Rebekah Lodges, 


Analysis of the Character of the Degree 


Paper Coyer, Postpaid, 25 Cents. 

National Christian Association, 

221 West Madison Street, 






Thirty Years' Service on the Un= 

derground Railroad and 

in the War. 

This is a story of a wonderful life. The author was an active Anti-Slavery 
agitator and through her underground railroad work assisted hundreds of slaves 
to escape from bondage. During the war she spent about two years taking care 
of the sick and wounded. Through- her efforts more than 2,000 Union soldiers 
were liberated. She accomplished a great work in providing for the Freedmen 
of Kansas after the close of the war. She was the founder of the State Public 
School, at Coldwater, Mich., an institution which was the first of its kind in the 
world. The Prince of Wales having heard that it was the outgrowth of a wom- 
an's plan and work, wrote to this country to find out if such were really the fact. 
The Industrial School for Girls at Adrian, Mich., almost entirely owes its first 
existence, and especially its name, to her efforts. Haviland Academy, at Havi- 
land, Kansas, was named in her honor, as also the town in which it is located. 
Her whole life has been one of cheerful self-denial for the good of others. At 
the World's Fair she was introduced by President Palmer as "The Mother of 
Philanthropy," and well s'he deserves the title. Her experience as told in this 
book will be read with thrilling interest. It is a plain, simple narrative of her 
very busy, useful life, but of a more fascinating interest than fiction. Many have 
pronounced it equal to "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Aunt Laura is now in her rfne- 
tieth year and is still actively engaged in public work. She has added some fifty 
new pages for this edition. 

Among those who strongly recommend her book and commend her life 
are: The Chicago Tribune, The Baptist Standard, The Chicago Inter-Ocean, 
Rev. C. C. Foote of Detroit, Mich., John G. Whittier, Rev. Geo. W. Clark, ex- 
Governor Chas. M. Croswell, T. C. Beaman, ex-Congressman; Rev. J. F. Con- 
over, D. D., and others. 

This wonderful book is printed on good paper and contains 625 pages, 
-6x8 inches. Illustrated. It is substantially bound in cloth with red edges, title 
stamped on side and back with aluminum. The retail price of the book is $1.50. 

The book will be sent FREE to anyone renewing his own suhscriotion 
-and sending two new subscriptions to the Cynosure, and $3.00. 



May, 1899. 



KNI ON rj 




(3D ii SCaT^LAIjMev 








The accompanying chart represents one hundred and forty two degrees. 

i. The American Rite of 13 degrees; 2. The Scotch Rite of 33 degrees; 

3. The Egyptian Rite of 96 degrees. 4. The Mystic Shrine of one degree. 

' 5. The Eastern Star of 5 degrees for Master Masons and for women. These are side degrees, and not 
genuine masonry. 

The Symbolic degrees, or Blue Lodge of three degrees, are common to every Masonic rite, whether 
American, Scotch, or Egyptian, or whichever of the Masonic rites, named in Mackey's Masonic Encyclo- 
pedia one may choose to investigate. 

This chart shows in the Blue Lodge the position of the Worshipful Master and some of the other offi- 
cers of the todge. Several positions of the candidate who is being initiated are also shown. In the Master 
Mason's degree is recognized the murder, buriai an<H rssurrectior, wene 00 full of tetligioHs signifiV 3 nce to 

W VWWW WW WW WWWW WWW W^WWV ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ ▼^ 







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Co all Readers of the Cynosure: 

Dear Friends: Once more we wish to call your attention to the work 
done by Wheaton College* For more than thirty years you have been 
acquainted with this institution ; many of your sons and daughters have 
been educated in it* It is now approaching its fortieth anniversary* 

In material equipment, in intellectual life, and we trust in spiritual 
power, it is seeing its best days* There remains* however* much land to 
be possessed. It requires for the most effective prosecution of its work 
an addition of two hundred thousand dollars to its permanent funds* and 
while many young men and women are forming sterling Christian char- 
acters within its walls* there is room for many more* 

Please look about you and see what you should do for the College, 
and what you would like to have the College do for you* When you 
have considered this matter sufficiently* please communicate the results 
of your thought* 

With gratitude for all the past, and hope for all the future, 

I am, sincerely yours, 



Snv? o)S<? am? dnsi 

I loVe to cjaohe ttye v/opd^ of 
02 p. Gla^tone, fop^mo^t amonf 
m^n, and ja^ to tfyoje v/fyo op- 
poj<* oar 3 fpand eaa<js <<yoa can 
not fi^t a£ain<»t t^ fatap*. <§jime 
i^> on oap ^ide. (gjl^ £p<*at ^ocial 
fopc^ Wjat moV^ onV/apd in tr^ip 
mif^fc and maj^ty ape appa^ed 
afainjt^oa — tfyey fiffytv/itfy a^ — 
tfyey ape map^aled in oap 5a p- 
popt. flnd t^ bannep v/^ie^ v/e 
cappy in t^ ^tpa^fle, tfyoa^ at 
^om^ moment it may jin^ oVep 
oap dpoopinf f^eadj, v/ill ^et float 
a£ain befopa tfy® e^e of ^eaVen 
an<A v/ill fee bopn& by t^ Fipm 
^andy of a pejoieinf people — not 
to an ea$y bat to a ceptain anel 
not distant Victopy." — V/illiam 
£v/apt Gladstone. 



Annual Meeting 33 

Report of Rev. P. B. Williams . 34 

Reports of Revs. J. P. and W. B. Stod- 
dard . . . . 35 

Board of Directors' Annual Report 36 

President Blanchard, on College Fra- 
ternities 39 

The Old, Old Road 42 

A Mockery of Religion 43 

United Presbyterian Testimony 43 

A Mason's Impeachment of Masonry ... 44 
The Day Must Reveal It, by Rev. Dr. 

Barton .- 45 

Separation ; 47 

Conflict of the Ages 47 

From Inside the Lodge 48 

Liable for Past Assessments 49* 

Noted Secret Societies in America 49 

The Elks Mourn a Brother 50 

United Brethren Testimony 51 

A Boy's Idea of Masonry 51 

Important Legal Decision 52 

Twentieth Century Church 52 

Does It Square Our Conduct? 54 

Death by Lodge Initiation 55 

Oddfellowship 55 

God's Hand in Our Movement 56 

Influence of the Lodge 57 

Let No Man Deceive You 58 

Obituary— Hon. John B. White 59 

Wealth of College Societies 60 

Odd Fellows Baptize Children 60 


•"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws. of the State of Illinois In 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1897) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a United Presby- 
terian. Among the following named officers 

and agents are also the Free Methodist, God- 
gregational, Lutheran, Friend, Evangelical*. 
United Brethren, Baptist, Reformed Presby- 
terian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madlsoa 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Auro- 
ra, III. 

Vice President— Rev. W. T. Campbell, Mon- 
mouth. 111. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. I. 
Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Editor Christian Cynosure — Rev. M. A. 
Gault. 221 West Madison street Chicago. 


T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C.^J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylle, H. F. 
Kletzing, J. A. Collins, W. O. Dinius. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass., 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St. Paul, Minik; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C- 


"Jeans answered him, — \ spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 






^2/ West Madison Street, Chicago. 


PWCB.— Per ye*r, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tnil to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 



G. Hanmer writes an interesting 

report of the recent Evanston anti-secret 
meeting in the Free Methodist of May 23. 

Bro. S. A. Scarvie, our new anti-secret 
lecturer, will speak July 3d at Callendar, 
Iowa, July 4 and 5 at Hayfield, Minn., 
5 and 6 at Rockwell, Minn.; 9 and 11 at 
Westby, Wis. He then will spend two 
weeks attending his annual synod at 
Spring Grove, Minn. 

The other day a bill was presented in 
the New Hampshire Legislature forbid- 
ding secret societies from holding their 
meetings on the Sabbath, but it failed to 
pass. Every one who opposes secret so- 
cieties should feel a special interest in the 
Sabbath question. — Rev. M. D. Knee- 
land, Secretary of the Sabbath Protective 


Keport of Proceedings at the Carpenter 

Euildin , Moody Church, and 

C onnor'e Hall. 

A pleasant day, together with the ex- 
ceptionally, fine condition of the National 
Christian Association Building, helped to 
make this twenty-fifth anniversary a most 
cheerful event. 

It doubtless occurred to more than one 
that it must be very gratifying to Mr. 
Carpenter, who gave the building to the 
association, to have it wholly used for 
Christian work, and a work that in its 
scope takes in every nationality in the 
world. The third floor is devoted to the 
Chinese Mission, the second to the Afri- 
can, and the first is open to all others who 
need a Savior, who is holy, separate from 
sinners, gracious and just. 

Rev. Dr. Ranseen occupied the chair 
and davotional services were led by Rev. 
Dr. Reimersrria, of the Christian Reform- 
ed Church. 

Regret was expressed at the absence of 
Rev. Dr. Dillon, Rev. A. Thomson and 
wife, Eld. Johnson, and others, who had 
written that they would be present, but it 
was especially gratifying to have with us 
Rev. Dr. Riemersma and Rev. J. Groen, 
of the Christian Reformed Church (Hol- 
land). Mr. Noe, of Iowa, was also an in- 
terested participant in the services, as 
well as a good listener, and when he left 
it was with the determination to do faith- 
ful colporteur work the coming year 
among as many as possible. The pres- 
ence of Mr. and Mrs. Ezra A. Cook, Mrs. 



June, 1899. 

C. B. Kennedy, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg, 
President C. A. Blanchard and W. B. 
Stoddard showed how well the founder of 
the Cynosure, President Jonathan 
Blanchard, was represented by his chil- 
dren in the work so near to his heart. 

The appointment of committees, the 
hearing of reports from Secretaries J. P. 
Stoddard, W. B. Stoddard and P. B. 
Williams followed, and the election of of- 
ficers and the reading of a paper on Fra- 
ternal Life insurance, and discussions, 
took up most of the two sessions held in 
our Carpenter Hall. 

The General Secretary returned unex- 
pectedly from New York in time to be 
present; his oral report,, of the year's 
work and encouragements, was listened 
to with interest, and the request made 
that it be reproduced as far as possible for 
publication. But as Secretary Phillips 
was called the next day after the annual 
meeting to Washington, D. C, it will 
probably not be written out. He spoke 
of the interest and helpful nature of much 
of the correspondence for the past year, 
in which between three and four thou- 
sand letters had been written, and the cir- 
cularizing of hundreds of ministers and 
the good results in some cases; he also 
spoke of free literature sent into thirty 
different States, mostly to local workers, 
and said that if the thousands of sample 
Cynosures sent to lists of ministers 
should be included, we could say that 
people of every State had received litera- 
ture from the association during the past 

It was mentioned that among the en- 
couraging things of the past year was the 
action taken at Kansas City by the Na- 
tional Labor Federation, at which con- 
vention is was decided to do away with 
the lodge form of organization. No 
signs, grips or passwords for the future 
was the recommendation of this great 
body. He spoke of the interest mani- 
fested in his remarks on the Tuesday 
evening previous, by the Methodist Epis- 
copals, to whom he spoke in their church 
at Weedsport, New York. The General 
Secretary quoted from the Grand Lodge 
report of the State of Michigan of 1898, 
which stated that they had twelve thou- 
sand "renegade Masons in the Peninsular 
State," men who would not attend lodge 
or pay their dues, and hence had demitted 

or been suspended. Michigan is not an 
exceptional State, and estimating the 
condition for the United States on the 
Michigan basis would give 248,620 "rene- 
gade Masons" in this country. You could 
find no such condition twenty-five years, 
ago. Let every one, therefore, be en- 
couraged to sow the seed, for there will 
be an abundant harvest of souls delivered 
from the bondage of Satan and brought 
into the liberty of Jesus Christ our Lord. 


In recounting God's mercies and 
blessings during the year passed, we find 
much to encourage. The work in the 
field assigned to my care has been press- 
ed along lines heretofore proved success- 
ful. The address awakening, or enlarg- 
ing interest, has been followed by solici- 
tation, and personal inquiry. Meetings 
have been attended much as usual; the 
opposition appearing as in other years. 
We have held four State conventions, as 
follows: Montpelier, Vt., Aug. 29 and 30; 
Dayton, Ohio, Oct. 24 and 25 ; Syracuse, 
N. Y., Dec. 1 and 2; Johnstown, Pa., 
Feb. 27 and 28. These gatherings have 
given evidence of a growing disapproval 
of secret societies, and a cheering will- 
ingness of friends to sustain those who 
lead. The effect of our efforts upon the 
masses has not been what we would de- 
sire. How far-reaching they have been, 
God only can know. Many have been 
known to leave their lodges after receiv- 
ing light, and it is believed a much larger 
number have been prevented from enter- 
ing. Knowing that the Christ spirit can 
alone open blinded eyes, we have con- 
stantly sought its blessed fellowship. 

The number of gospel addresses deliv- 
ered almost equal the number of' lec- 
tures; the total for the year being 16S. 
The number of calls for personal solicita- 
tion aggregate over 2,000; 571 Cynosure 
subscriptions, amounting to $574.75, 
have been taken. The collections amount 
to $371.03. This does not include sums 
collected and expended in holding State 
conventions. Traveling expenses ag- 
gregate $340.06. The kind and gener- 
ous support given by the General Sec- 
retary and your board has been much ap- 
preciated. At times, when the trials 
have been many, this support has come 

June, 1809. 



and lifted over the rough places. The 
Washington building has not afforded 
the support of other years. It, however, 
has been a help in maintaining the work. 
It will be observed that /the number of 
conventions we have been enabled to 
hold this year are more than the year 
previous, while the number of Cynosure 
subscriptions has not been quite as 
many. We find that this work goes only 
as it is pushed; while urging forward one 
line another must receive less attention. 
It had been my hope that local organiza- 
tions formed within my field would hold 
meetings at frequent and stated times, 
thus keeping the reform fires constantly 
burning. In this I have been somewhat 
disappointed. In this rushing age it 
does not seem possible to find leaders 
who are free enough from other work to 
give the time necessary to success in 
ours. In this as in other reforms there 
must be a Moses who can not be excused 
or none are led from bondage. We are 
sorry to report the discovery of unfaith- 
fulness of pastors and church officers in 
the enforcement of the anti-secrecy law 
in testimony-bearing churches in some 
places. We are glad on the other hand 
to see some awakening to their need, and 
to a recognition of the fact that "Eternal 
vigilance is the price of liberty." The 
constant menace of the lodges is being 
felt and doors heretofore closed open in 
welcome for the help we may bring. If 
the darkest hour is just before dawn, if 
the struggle becomes fiercest as the vic- 
tory draws near, may we not look for a 
great change in the near future? Will 
not the blasphemy, the fraud, and the in- 
creasing fatalities within the lodges bring 
about a revolution that shall result in 
their overthrow? God moves in a mys- 
terious way his wonders to perform. Let 
us press forward, praying and expecting 
victory. W. B. Stoddard. 

Washington, D. C. 


Since I returned West April 3, 1898, I 
have spoken on the lodge evil seventy- 
eight times. And on other subjects I 
have preached and lectured eighteen 
times. I have received sixty-seven Cyno- 
sure subscriptions. My traveling ex- 
penses have been, in delivering these 
seventy-eight anti-secrecy addresses, 

$172.90. My collections were $163.12. 
We closed the campaign with a State 
convention in Seattle, Washington, April 
10 and 11. This was a success, notwith- 
standing the immense rain, which hin- 
dered many from attending. The anti- 
secret cause is still alive on this coast. 
There are more open doors now than at 
any former period since I began the work 
here. I will mention a few places where 
anti-secret lectures are wanted: Seattle, 
Tacoma, Buckley, La Conner, Bay Cen- 
ter, South Bend, Oysterville, Catlin, 
Vancouver, Goldendaie, Fall City, in 
Washington; Portland, Gaston, Tilla- 
mook, Beaver, Eddyville, Philomath, 
Lebanon, Athena and Weston, in Ore- 
gon. Quite a number of places in Cali- 
fornia and about twenty-five or thirty 
places in the Pan Handle of Idaho. If a 
lecturer could go intoithose new towns in 
Idaho before lodges are organized, he 
could prevent them in very many places. 
If possible, you should arrange for some 
anti-secret work on this coast next year. 
Keep the battle on. Praying that " you 
may have an excellent convention, and 
that you may plan wisely for the future, I 
am your fellow-worker, 

P. B. Williams. 
Salem, Ore. 


It is not expedient for me to meet with 
you, as I had hoped .to do. Duties to those 
in my home and upon this field call for 
my personal attention. I am conscious, 
however, that the loss will be mine far 
more than yours, as I am confident that 
you will meet in fullness of the spirit, to 
receive a new endowment of wisdom and 
power for the difficult work committed to 
your care. It is with gratitude that I am 
permitted to report a steady progress on 
the New England field, and a more en- 
couraging outlook than at any previous 
time. On Saturday last I attended the 
funeral of Brother John B. White, the 
first of our original" corporate members 
who has passed away. He leaves four 
sons, in the prime and vigor of manhood, 
who are in hearty accord with their fath- 
er's reform sentiments. Several recent 
accessions to our ranks from former 
members of the lodge are among the to- 
kens of God's favor upon our work. Con- 



June, 1899. 

scious of human limitations and personal 
unworthiness, I am nevertheless hopeful 
of great enlargements in the near future ; 
and, while rejoicing in that whereunto 
we have already attained, I pray that God 
may give to you grace, wisdom and his 
choicest blessing in planning for the fu- 
ture, and give unto us one mind and 
heart, to work together in the unity of the 
Spirit and the bond of peace. 

James P. Stoddard. 
Boston, May 8, 1899. 


The following extract is from the re- 
port of Rev. E. B. Wylie, secretary of the 
Board of Directors, and read at the an- 
nual meeting in Carpenter Hall: 

We wish at the outset of this report to 
acknowledge our gratitude to the Giver 
of all good for the year just closed. The 
•Almighty Father has upheld us and 
prospered the work of our hands. We 
gladly leave 'the record we have made to 
His searching and mercy. Again we 
would express somewhat of that deep re- 
gard we feel toward those many co-la- 
borers whose faces we are never to be- 
hold in mortal flesh, but whose influence 
and co-operation is so often the strength 
of our. hands. . From sea to sea the pre- 
cious brethren are scattered and by their 
prayers and contributions they have 
more than they know carried our bur- 
dens for us. This has been done literally 
when the faithful field agents have been 
received and been kindly assisted and set 
forward in their often arduous tasks. A 
direct favor is conferred upon the board 
of directors when any one gives so much 
as a cup of cold water to an association 

As for the work afield we make glad 
mention of the self-denying service of 
Rev. Samuel F. Porter, who for long has 
been devoted to the students of the land. 
Occasionally Father Porter has been at 
the association rooms during the year. 
He is always welcome. 
"He looks old in years, but in his years 

Are seen 
A youthful vigor, an 

Autumnal green." 

Rev. James P. Stoddard and his band 
of coadjutors in New England are wor- 

thily sustaining the work there. Time 
has not the capacity for a full revelation 
of the harvest which must follow his 
faithful husbandry in that work of fer- 
tile minds. Some of their most useful 
testimonies on the anti-secrecy reform 
have been elicited by the wise manage- 
ment of the New England workers. Sec- 
retary Stoddard is the right man in the 
right place. Special mention should also 
be made of the only paper of its kind in 
the length and breadth of journalism — 
the Home Light — published by Mrs. 
James P. Stoddard, and edited by Miss 
Elizabeth E. Flagg, at 218 Columbus, 
avenue, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. W. Blanchard Stoddard could 
hardly escape his noble character with 
two such names all his own. With his 
characteristic spirit he has pushed on 
the front of battle well to the enemies' 
lines. Having headquarters at Wash- 
ington, D. C, Mr. Stoddard has traveled 
extensively through the middle Eastern 
district and delivered 168 public ad- 
dresses, made 2,000 calls for private con- 
ference, and placed the Cynosure into 
the hands of over 571 readers. His re- 
ports have been hopeful and gave evi- 
dence of his usual success with men, 
whether they are friends or enemies. 
Rev. William Fenton has furnished no 
itemized report, but from occasional ar- 
ticles from him in the Cynosure we are 
led to hope that his voice is still heard in 
those searching addresses he was wont to 

The Pacific agent, Rev. P. B. Will- 
iams, reports "more open doors now 
than at any former period." He has 
made 259 addresses and found sixty-sev- 
en readers. for the Cynosure. Mr. Will- 
iams suggests the importance of contin- 
uing the work on the Pacific coast, and 
mentions many new towns where an 
early visit from our agent would very 
certainly forestall the establishment of a 
lodge. In those pioneer regions is a 
chance practically to show how "an 
ounce of prevention is better than a 
pound of cure." Mr. Williams is emi- 
nently fitted for the work of that field. 
"Keep the battle on" is his injunction to 
this Association. 

The home office has been the scene of 
earnest service. The general secretary, 
W. I. Phillips, with his clerks, has kept a 

June, 1899. 



firm and conserving hand on the busi- 
ness of the Association, making it pos- 
sible for the directors to ascertain at a 
moment's notice the exact condition of 
affairs. The plan to have both the secre- 
tary and the editor of the Cynosure, Rev. 
M. A. Gault, spend more or less time on 
the field, has progressed hardly beyond 
the experimental stage. Both of these 
brethren have been out in the field some- 
what, though neither of them feel that 
the proposed division of their energies 
lias been successful so far as the work of 
lecturing is concerned. Their first duty 
was at the office, and "one thing at a 
time" is an old rule which still holds, 
even in these days of swift achievements. 
Mr. Phillips has traveled and labored in 
ten States, viz.: Illinois, Michigan, In- 
diana, Iowa, Nebraska, Oregon, Wash- 
ington, Georgia, Wisconsin, and New 
York. Mr. Gault, as his editorial duties 
and his health, which has not been ro- 
bust, permitted, attended the Reformed 
Presbyterian Synod in New York and 
the Holland Reform Synod at Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, besides preaching ev- 
ery third Sabbath in Chicago. Other 
than these engagements Mr. Gault has 
done no work outside of this office. The 
closer devotion to the editorial duties has 
teen evident in the concise arrangement 
of an abundance of information present- 
ed in the Cynosure during the year. 

The Finance Committee reports that 
the Treasurer's accounts were examined 
to April 25, 1899, at which time the 
Treasurer was called to New York. The 
Committee on Buildings report the rent- 
ing of the Carpenter building for Chris- 
tian work throughout. Gospel meetings 
are held every night and four different 
Christian enterprises are carried on be- 
neath the roof that has so long sheltered 
the association work. 

E. B. Wylie, Sec. 


The largest attendance at any of our 
sessions was at the Chicago Avenue 
Church on Wednesday evening, May 10. 
The large lecture room was filled with a 
deeply interested audience, while the ad- 
dresses were made by President S. P. 
Long, of Lima College, Ohio, and Presi- 
dent C. A. Blanchard. President Long 

began by quoting the words of Christ 
concerning Mary, "She hath done what 
she could." He is an earnest, effective 
speaker, has great power of illustration, 
and uses language, clear, pointed and 
original. He said that the follower of 
Christ would have no time to spend in 
the lodge, if, like Mary, he would do what 
he could in the family, church and state. 
She did not prefer the lodge to the prayer 
meeting, but missed no opportunity of 
hearing Christ's words. She anointed 
Christ from his crown to his feet with 
ointment that must have cost her about 
350 pence, or a year's wages. Here 
President Long drew a dark picture of 
the extravagant waste of money in the 
lodges, and how little of it goes to honor 
Christ. What comfort to a mother to get 
$2,000 at the death of a son who has 
ruined his soul in lodge debauchery. 
Christ put a soul on one scale, and the 
world on the other, and the soul out- 
weighed the world. Mary was one with 
her Lord. No one can call God Father 
if he is not united to Christ as his elder 
brother. There is no such thing as the 
Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood 
of man, except in Christ. Mary did what 
she could, and did it promptly. She did 
not even wait to uncork the bottle but 
broke it. Her monument -was not ' of 
stone, but her memorial is wherever this 
gospel is sounded. He closed with a 
beautiful illustration of an artist painting 
a picture inside the dome of a cathedral. 
He fell and was killed, but when thelight 
from a certain window fell on the picture 
it was discovered to be a masterpiece. 
Let us follow Mary's example and do 
what we can, and'then life with us will be 
too precious to squander in the idola- 
trous ceremonies of the lodge. 

After singing, President Blanchard fol- 
lowed with one of his powerful addresses, 
in which he answered a number of ques- 
tions. He said we can learn the charac- 
ter of secret lodges, just as we learn our 
A B C's, from the testimony of others. 
We have the testimony of such men as 
Dr. Nathaniel Colver, for some years the 
pastor of one of the largest Baptist 
churches in this city, and the organizer, 
and for many years the pastor, of Tre- 
mont Temple Baptist Church. Boston. 
He went through six degrees of Mason- 
ry, and while going through the seventh 



June, 1899. 

was so shocked by its profane oaths that 
he refused to proceed, and when threat- 
ened he forced his way out of the lodge 
and afterwards exposed its wickedness. 
President Charles G. Finney, who was 
God's instrument in the conversion of 
50,000 souls, took three degrees in Ma- 
sonry, and afterwards renounced and 
published them to ithe world. Men say 
that these terrible obligations can never 
be broken without perjuring the soul. 
But. in making this claim, Masonry an- 
tagonizes the gospel which provides that 
a poor, penitent sinner may repent. The 
teaching of the lodge is (that a man can't 
repent; that when Herod took an oath to 
give the Baptist's head to the dancing 
girl, there was no escape from doing it. 
When a high Mason of Massachusetts 
testified under a civil oath in a court 
against a brother Mason who was on 
trial for the crime of arson he was expell- 
ed from the lodge because he had vio- 
lated his Masonic oath to conceal his 
brother Mason's crime. These oaths are 
in conflict. Masonry is treasonable, and 
a lie all over. Many say, Why are so 
many good men in the lodges? It is time 
to quit pinning our faith to men. A 
prominent minister in Memphis, on Sab- 
bath morning, before he went to preach, 
onc,e took his slave girl into the back yard 
and stripped her and whipped her until 
her back was raw and bleeding. A promi- 
nent evangelist, D. W. Potter, once said, 
that among 1,000 converts he never knew 
a Mason converted; and while President 
Blanchard was pastor of the Chicago 
Avenue Church an old Scotchman had 
told him that he never knew a spiritually 
minded man in a Masonic lodge. 

In his address in the Moody Church, 
President Long said, he was reading his 
Bible once on a train in Arizona when a 
fellow-passenger of skeptical proclivities 

"It is time^ you ceased reading that 
book, which the scientific world has long 
since repudiated." 

"It would be better for you, sir, if you 
knew more about this old book," replied 
President Long. 

"O, I know all about that old book; I 
have studied it from one end to the 

"Then will you please tell me," in- 

quired President Long, "what you think 
of the book of Jehoakim?" 

"The book of Jehoakim, sir, is the best 
book in your Bible," replied the skeptic,, 
"but it is full of historical inaccuracies." 

"Well, there is no such book in the Bi- 
ble," replied President Long. 

The skeptic immediately subsided. 


At both sessions of our Evanston meet- 
ing, Rev. Wm. Jacoby, pastor's assistant 
of the Moody Church, gave strong testi- 
mony against the lodge. We were deep- 
ly impressed by the words of this humble, 
earnest, devoted servant of Christ. He 
spoke from the depths of his rich Chris- 
tion experience. We first met him late in 
the '80s, while holding reform meetings 
in Guthrie Center, the county seat of 
Guthrie County, Iowa. He then kept a 
boot and shoe store and was one of the 
prominent business men of the place. He 
was a large, genial, big-hearted, warm- 
hearted, well-proportioned man. He 
took no stock in the church, but was a 
popular member of the Knights of 
Pythias, G. A. R., and Knights Tem- 
plar. He always kept up with the band 
wagon, and when dressed in his showy 
lodge uniform he usually led the proces- 
sion. He had some reputation as a pu- 
gilist, and was a great slave of tobacco, a 
long spearhead plug lasting him only ten 
days. He says he drank frequently, and 
at times got so low that they talked of 
outlawing him from the town. 

About 1892 there was a remarkable re- 
vival in Guthrie Center. Many were con- 
verted and became earnest Christian 
workers. Some one invited Mr. Jacoby 
to the meetings, and finally he was per- 
suaded to go. When those who wished 
to be prayed for were asked to indicate it, 
he raised his hand, but mainly because a 
friend sitting beside him had dared him 
to do so, if he would do the same. He 
obeyed the invitation to go forward to the 
altar several nights in succession, but 
told them he felt no change of feeling. 
He went on for months attending class 
and prayer meetings, and studying his 
Bible, and yet no joyful experience of 
peace and joy came to his soul. But he 
resolved that as he had given forty-five 
years of his life to the devil's service he 

June, 1899. 



would now, in the strength of the Lord, 
right about, face, and devote the rest of 
his life to the service of the Lord, even if 
no joyful experience came to his soul, or 
a particle of feeling. 


It would be well for those evangelists 
who cry down reformation to note how 
the Holy Spirit came to move Wm. Ja- 
coby's heart. First, his friends told him 
it was tobacco that was keeping back his 
Christian experience. Accordingly he 
threw away his plug and prayed earnestly 
for deliverance from the habit. He then 
took to chewing gum as a substitute, but 
in answer to prayer God mercifully de- 
livered him from this habit also. Then 
he began to suspect that his secret socie- 
ties were grieving away the Holy Spirit; 
and what confirmed these suspicious was 
that he missed in the prayer meeting 
many of the church members who be- 
longed fto the lodge, and when he went 
over to the lodge after prayer meeting, 
he found these brethren absorbed in 
lodge ceremonies. He was kneeling one 
night in one of these ceremonies of re- 
peating the Lord's Prayer in the lodge 
room, when the man who kneeled and 
clasped hands with him was the most no- 
torious libertine in the town, and a thir- 
ty-two degree Mason. It was this that 
decided him to leave the lodge, but it cost 
him a struggle, for they told him it would 
ruin his business, because he would lose 
the trade of his Masonic friends. But out 
he went, in spite of every effort to retain 
him. They then proposed to buy his 
beautiful Knights Templar uniform and 
sword, that they might sell them to some 
new member for half price and thus tempt 
them into the lodge. But rather than do 
this Bro. Jacoby put his uniform and 
sword into the stove, burning the former 
to ashes and afterward he buried the 
sword in the garden. Then it was re- 
markable what a rich, joyful, Christian 
experience came into this good man's 
soul. God has wonderfully blessed him 
in winning souls to Christ. He speaks 
as one emptied of self and filled with the 
Spirit. For a while he felt that he was 
not called, to reveal the secrets of the 
lodges, but he is led more and more to 
see that the lodge is one of the greatest 

barriers in the way of men coming to 
Christ. He says in some of the side de- 
grees of the Knights of Pythias there 
were ceremonies too obscene and debas- 
ing to mention before an audience of de- 
cent men. We once asked him if, when 
he took the Knights Templar degree, he 
had to kneel at a table and drink pure 
wine from a human skull? He answered, 
"I knelt at a table and drank from a hu- 
man skull all right, but I would not dare 
to testify that it was pure wine I drank." 


The following report is from the Inter 
Ocean of May 12, which gave under sen- 
sational headlines an abstract of Presi- 
dent Blanchard's Connor Hall address 
the evening before: 

. "Secret Societies" was the subject un- 
der discussion and President Blanchard 
devoted his time to an attack on the col- 
lege fraternities. He characterized them 
as destroyers of independent manhood; 
as the source of lawlessness and disorder 
in colleges; as obstructions to college 
discipline, as breeding places of dissipa- 
tion, vice, and falsehood, and as totally 
opposed to the Christian spirit and sys- 
tem. He said in part: "One of the best 
things in man, after being a saved man, is 
independence of character. The most 
arrant coward who hates sin is preferable 
to the man of courage who sins. The 
masses of men both in and out of colleges 
are not independent. They look to oth- 
ers to help them to success instead of 
building up independence of character 
which compels success. The college fra- 
ternities encourage this dependence. 
When they invite a man to join their 
ranks they tell him that they will help 
him into society; that they will support 
him in securing college honors; that they 
will help him through his college course. 
They corrupt a man's character in the 
very beginning. Accordingly the frater- 
nities manipulate college affairs to the 
benefit of their members. They strive to 
elect fraternity men to college honors 
without regard to qualifications. They 
use the power of their secrecy to plan and 
carry out schemes to override the unor- 
ganized element whom thev call 'barbs.' 



June, 1899. 

"This was evidenced recently in Chi- 
cago University in the election of the 
staff of the college paper. The fraternity 
men banded together and placed their 
men in the editorial positions by means 
which the non-fraternity men considered 
underhanded. The result was that the 
college authorities stepped in, an election 
was held, and the fraternity men left out. 
Then the editor-in-chief, who was a fra- 
ternity man, said he would not work with 
those 'barbs' and appointed fraternity 
men of his own selection, so that it 
brought the issue to the point whether 
the fraternities or the authorities would 
rule the university. Such instances are 
common. It was only a few years ago in 
Northwestern University that the frater- 
nity men and 'barbarians' were squarely 
aligned on the question as to whether or 
not a 'barbarian' could secure any elective 
honor. Fraternity men depend on their 
fraters for support, whether right or 
wrong. Only a year or so ago a North- 
western graduate who was in Wheaton 
was asked by one of our students what 
good fraternities accomplished. 'Why/ 
he replied, 'if it had not been for his fra- 
ternity the president of our class could 
not have graduated. Whenever he came 
home from the city drunk several men of 
his fraternity would -take him to the chap- 
ter house and keep him there until he 
sobered up/ 

"So the fraternity encourages vice. 
That man would not have gotten drunk 
so often if he had not been protected in 
his vice. And drunkenness is not the 
only vice which the fraternities hide un- 
der their cloak of secrecy. Fraternity 
men must hide each other's vices. They 
must depend on each other. They be- 
come poor, miserable, clinging vines, 
hanging on some rotten organ for sup- 
port. The fraternities interfere with that 
free trade in manhood which puts all on 
a level and allows men to win on their 
own merits, and the dependence they 
teach lasts through life and makes men 
dependent on cliques and secret societies 
for advancement. Fraternities breed 
lawlessness and disorder in colleges. 
Their secrecy furnishes the temptation 
to lawless actions, as the fraternity men 
know that they will be protected by their 
fellows and the secret source of disorder 
will n©t be discovered. This interferes 

seriously with the discipline of colleges. 

"The way fraternities cover up and en- 
courage the vices of their members is 
shown by an interview I had with a grad- 
uate of Harvard a couple of years ago, 
immediately after the members of two of 
the Harvard chapters had been fined for 
maintaining bars and selling liquor. I 
asked him if the charges were really true, 
and he replied': 'Yes, every fraternity in 
Harvard has a bar in its chapter house. 
They say they do not care to be conspic- 
uous in their drinking and can drink with 
more privacy in their chapter houses. 
When the raids were made on the two 
chapter houses the other fraternities load- 
ed their wet goods on wagons and took 
them over to Boston. When the matter 
had blown over they brought them back 
again/ There is no doubt that in many 
instances the so-called sociability of fra- 
ternity life encourages dissipation of 
various kinds. The Western fraternities 
have not attained the depth of degrada- 
tion that Eastern ones have, but they are 
fast tending that way. 

"The initiations of college fraternities 
are silly and are becoming dangerous. 
Several deaths have resulted from them 
in recent years. You may recall the death 
of young Ruskin at Harvard, as the re- 
sult of a D. K. E. initiation, and of young 
Garrison of Yale, who was killed by be- 
ing initiated into the same fraternity. A 
Cornell student told me that it is a won- 
der several students are not killed every 
year. He said that when the initiations 
are held at Ithaca the fraternities hire 
steamboats and go about a mile out in the 
lake. Often the initiations are made the 
occasion of a general spree. The drunken 
fraternity men put the candidate for 
membership on the rail of the boat, and 
if they won't jump into the lake, they 
push them in. Those who can swim they 
leave to take care of themselves. Those 
who cannot swim they tie ropes around 
and drag them aboard. The son of a 
government official was killed at Cornell 
some years ago during an initiation. He 
was allowed to fall from a bluff. I meas- 
ured the distance of his fall and found it 
was thirty-six feet. If these deaths are 
not murder, they may at least be termed 
manslaughter. The disgraceful handling 
of the body in initiations is directly 
against the teachings of the Bible, which 

June, 1899. 



teaches that the body is the temple of the 

"Falsehood was the natural result of 
fraternity life, because the member was 
bound by oath not to tell of the doings 
•or the order, and when questioned was 
obliged to lie. The strong objection to 
all secret orders was that thev are de- 
clared to be either anti- religious or irre- 
ligious. The ritualistic religious forms 
carried out in lodgerooms was mere idol- 
atry, and had a tendency to deceive men 
to become irreligious." The last objec- 
tion, as noted by President Blanchard, 
was that fraternities were living misrep- 
resentations, because, he said, they claim- 
ed they were for mutual benefit of stu- 
dents, while the latter are completing col- 
lege courses, but, in fact, they decline to 
take the very students who would most 
need help. A student who had to work 
his way through college would be black- 
balled. Only the sons of rich men, who 
were able to "give nice spreads and make 
a big spread," were wanted. The speak- 
er declared the fraternities wanted only 
men who could help the fraternities, and 
would not admit men who required help. 
Incidentally President Blanchard attack- 
ed the Knights of Pythias, Masons, and 
Odd Fellows, declaring they exacted 
oaths that gentlemen and Christians 
could not comply with, and indulged in 
•ceremonies of initiation that were foolish 
and dangerous. 

The Inter Ocean prefaced its report of 
President Blanchard's address at Evans- 
ton with the remark that: "Not since the 
closing years of the last decade, when the 
'barbarian' forces of the Methodist uni- 
versity tried to overwhelm the closely 
united brotherhood of the Greeks, and 
put an end to their monopoly of college 
honors, has the brotherhood been the ob- 
ject of such an attack. The fraternity 
boys and girls in the main listened good- 
humoredly to the speaker's charges that 
dark immorality lurked in the secrecy 
which is the keynote of the fraternity or- 
ganization. True, when President 
Blanchard characterized 'frat' people as 
'poor, miserable, .clinging vines, hanging 
on some rotten organ for support,' a pret- 
ty member of the Pi Beta Phi society 
arose and left the hall with flushed cheeks 
and an angry swish of her tailored skirt, 

but none of the fraters arose in defense of 
their institutions." 


Owing to the necessary absence of the 
Treasurer during the past week on im- 
portant business for the Association in 
New York, it has not been practicable to 
audit his report for the year. We have 
examined his books and vouchers up to 
April 25, 1899, and have found every- 
thing correct. We recommend that his 
report be referred to the Board of Direct- 
ors, to be acted upon at their first regular 
meeting for business. 

E. Whipple, 
H. A. Fischer, 
J. M. Hitchcock. 
Chicago, May 9, 1897. 


A series of resolutions were adopted 
recognizing the strong Scriptural basis of 
our reform; the valuable services of our 
agents in the field, as contributing the 
most to the progress of the movement; 
the valuable services of President C. A. 
Blanchard by his addresses at the North- 
field conference; our heartfelt svmpathv 
for our beloved President, S. H.' Swartz, 
in his prolonged affliction; also our ap- 
preciation of the lives and testimony of 
the following corporate members who 
have entered their rest during the past 
year: John Dorcas, Rev. E. L. Harris, 
Rev. Wm. Morrow, Timothy Hudson 
and John C. Carr. 


At the meeting in Carpenter Hall. 
Wednesday afternoon, a committee con- 
sisting of Rev. J. Goen, Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard and Secretary W. I. Phillips were 
appointed to report on plans for future 
work. They reported that, "The General 
Secretary be instructed .to send to testi- 
mony-hearing churches a request that 
they appoint: such of their number as 
they may think wise, at their official as- 
semblies, to co-operate in holding con- 
ventions and other gatherings in the sev- 
eral States, art: which the lodges may be 
discussed, and action taken toward their 



June, 1899. 

abolition; also that the secretary request 
that such assemblies send to him the 
names and addresses of those appointed 
by them. In order that there may be 
greater unity of action among the 
churches and associations working in op- 
position to secret societies, we recom- 
mend that the Board of Directors of our 
Association appoint a committee to pre- 
pare a compendium of the reasons why 
we oppose secret societies, and to recom- 
mend the line of action to be pursued in a 
united effort against them, and that such 
compendium be sent out as the official 
utterance of the Association, with a re- 
quest for co-operation." 


The New York Tribune says that 
Agoncilla, now in Paris, in comment- 
ing upon a dispatch from Manila, saying 
that rebel incendiaries entered the village 
of Paudacan and terrorized those who 
did not sympathize with the rebel- 
lion, said this was absurd, because that 
town was the center of the Filipino Free- 
masons. There can be no doubt but that 
Freemasonry is playing an important 
part in the war now going on in the Phil- 

Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, 
writes that the annual synod of their Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church will meet at 
Spring Grove, Minn., June 14 and 22. He 
and Bro. S. A. Scarvie are members of 
this synod. Bro. Lee says : "We are still 
in the fight against secret orders. Lately 
I refused the Modern Woodmen to bury 
one of their members with Modern 
Woodmen ceremonies in our cemetery. 
This enraged them fearfully, and they 
have, as one of their members states it, 
decided 'to make it hot for me.' Of 
course a newspaper fight ensued. Last 
Sabbath night I preached to my congre- 
gation on Woodmen burial ceremonies, 
and proved they were contrary to the 
Christian religion." 

The Hon. Charles W. Kindrick, Uni- 
ted States Consul at Ciudad Juarez, Mex- 
ico, contributes to the Review of Re- 
views for June an interesting account of 
the Mormon settlements in Mexico, of 
which little is known in this country. 



And a highway shall be there, and the 
way, and it shall be called the way of 
holiness. The wayfaring men, though 
fools, shall not err therein * * * the 
redeemed shall walk there ; and the ran- 
somed of the Lord shall return and come 
to Zion with songs and everlasting joy 
upon their heads; they shall obtain joy 
and gladness, and sorrow and sighing 
shall flee away. Isaiah 35 : 8. 

The rugged road the fathers trod to 
reach the city of their God, we no longer 
have to plod ; but ride on one by science 
graded ; where sumptuous sleeping cars, 
are run, makes going to heaven chuckful 
of fun, and old-time toil evaded. Along; 
that ancient narrow track, each pilgrim 
bore his heavy pack upon his own poor 
weary back, exciting modern pity, while 
we, without all their ado, with baggage 
checked and tickets through; steam for 
the gold city. There's Abram, he of old. 
Chaldea ; had he been wise like you and 
me, he'd never left his home, you see, and. 
started off a-tramping. But he got Ca- 
naan on the brain, and with that whim 
went near insane, and spent his life in 
camping. And Isaac, Abram's sober 
son, did just as Abraham had done. And 
Jacob was another one who roamed a 
homeless stranger, when he might have 
owned a farm and been a Master 

But time would fail, as Paul has told, 
to mention all these fogies old, who never 
hoped to office hold, nor for gold a pas- 
sion ; and said this world was not their 
home, content as strangers here to roam, 
and dressed all out of fashion. Our 
coaches sometimes pass such band, who> 
hoof it still to Canaan's land ; treat with 
contempt our sleeper grand, refuse to 
ride to glory ; but jog along with solemn 
look, and often read an old, old book, as 
though 'twas some new story. They say 
that 'tis a map or guide, by which to cross 
a river wide, in safety on the other, be- 
yond our final section ; whose author 

June, 1899. 



claims that all by rail, who try to cross 
it, always fail to make the right connec- 
tion ; but switch upon the devil's track, 
from whose depot dismal, black, no pas- 
senger has yet come back, to tell his 
story, never. But all the pilgrim host that 
crossed, at the old fording, none were 
lost in that dark, rolling river. Well, 
after all, I can't deny, perhaps 'twere bet- 
ter not to try to reach the city Golden, by 
road that modern fashions grade, but 
take the one by heaven surveyed, the 
high, the safe, the old one. 
Geneva, Ohio. 



"De Witt Clinton Chapter, Rose Croix, 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of 
Freemasons, under the jurisdiction of the 
supreme council 33d degree of the Uni- 
ted States, observed ladies' night last 
evening at the United States Hotel. The 
feast of the Paschal Lamb, with full cere- 
monials, was celebrated. Illustrious An- 
drew Creelman, 33d degree, wise master, 
presided." — Boston paper. 

It has often been said that Masonry is 
a conglomeration of Paganism, Judah- 
ism and Christianity. The above notice 
confirms this doctrine. To every Chris- 
tian Paul's letter to the Galatians ought 
to be a sufficient answer. Why these men, 
in this wonderfully enlightened age, 
should be continually turning to these 
beggarly elements, is past comprehen- 
sion. Ritualism, it seems, is inbred in 
human nature; and as the religion of all 
secret societies is simply natural religion, 
so we find them all ritualistic in their pe- 
culiar heathen observances. They ig- 
nore the scope of the New Covenant. 
Christ to them is not the end of the law 
for righteousness. Their religion is Sa- 
tanic. Their teachers are well described 
in II. Cor. 11: 13, 14: "They are false 
Apostles, deceitful workers, transforming 
themselves into the Apostles of Christ, 
And no marvel; for satan himself is trans- 
formed into an angel of light." Masonic 
teachers are continually pointing their 
dupes on to marvelous light, which they 
never find. Christ is the true light, which, 
coming into the world, lighteth every 
man that is lightened. From the very 

beginning satan proposes to be the re- 
ligious teacher, and as such, he always 
opposes God on God's ground. Along 
this line he is mentioned four times in 
the Old Testament. In the garden of 
Eden; in Job's trials; when he stood up 
against Israel and provoked David to 
number the people, I. Chron. 21:1; and 
when Joshua the High Priest, stood 
before the Lord, satan stood at his right 
hand to resist him, Zech. 3 : 1. These ex- 
amples teach us not to look for satan in 
the dens and dives of vice, but on the 
high places of the field and as the rival of 
God in the teaching of men. His temp- 
tation of men may be summed up in this: 
to have what God has forbidden; to know 
what God has not revealed, and to be 
what God has not intended him to be. 
He is a great diplomat. He wants every- 
body to be religious like these Knights, 
provided their religion ignores the Christ 
and his Atonement; which in this case it 
certainly does. Surely satan hath blinded 
the eyes of them that believe not, Gen- 
tiles as well as Jews. Is this all that thir- 
ty-three degrees of Masonry can do for 
its votaries? 
Poynette, Wis. 



The two constituent parts of what now 
constitute the United Presbyterian 
Church, the Associate and Associated 
Reformed, ever held and practiced • a 
positive law against oath-bound or 
pledge-bound secret societies; the his- 
tory of both will prove the assertion. 
And the United Presbyterian Church, 
since her organization, has a positive 
law against such associations. This law 
never has been either in spirit or intent 
considered advisory, but positive, and 
has always been a proper subject of dis- 
cipline, which it could not be if it were 
merely advisory. The following is her 
declaration on the subject: 

"We declare that all associations, 
whether formed for political or benevo- 
lent purposes, which impose upon* their 
members an oath of secrecy, or an obli- 
gation to obey a code of unknown laws, 
are inconsistent with the genius and spir- 
it of Christianity; and church members 



June, 1899. 

ought not to have fellowship with such 

If this be not a positive law, the United 
Presbyterian Church has no law in the 
imperative sense. The words, "We de- 
clare," are in italics, and are used in the 
same form in all the declarations of the 
church's testimony, and is as much a 
positive law as the doctrine of the atone- 
ment, or any other law of the church. 
The arguments of the church's testi- 
mony, in defense of this law, are in five 
sections ; in the fifth is the following : 

"The fellowship of professing Chris- 
tians with such societies, where the mem- 
bers are bound together by covenants of 
friendship, and constitute a distinct and 
separate brotherhood, is inconsistent 
with that principle of separation from the 
world which is so repeatedly and explic- 
itly enjoined upon us in the word of God. 
We say separation from the world, for 
the standard of their faith and morals is 
evidently and confessedly adapted to the 
world: Ex. 23, 32; 34: 12, 15; II. Cor. 6: 
14-18; Ps. 106: 35; Ps. 16: 3, and 119: 
63. The foregoing considerations clear- 
ly show that in our condemnation of se- 
cret associations we are sustained by the 
Word of God." 

If any should still question the impera- 
tive meaning of our law on secrecy, we 
would advise such to read all the argu- 
ments as found in our church's testimony 
on the subject. And if any who is known 
to be keeping his membership with the 
lodge be received into the church; or any 
such allowed to remain as members in 
the church, it is only because of the un- 
faithfulness of her office-bearers in the 
discharge of the duty they have with all 
the solemnity of an oath vowed to per- 

Chicago, 111. 


Mr. W. T. Stead writes in the Review 
of Reviews for June on "Oliver Crom- 
well and the National Church of En- 
gland" apropos of the Cromwell tercen- 
tenary just celebrated in England. Mr. 
Stead advocates a return to Cromwell's 
ideas of church establishment, which 
would certainly dispose of the quarrel 
about ritualism in the present English 
church establishment. The article is il- 
lustrated with reproductions of famous 

[The following impeachment of Ma- 
sonry is furnished me by a Freemason 
who is a prominent minister of the Gos- 
pel. I am well acquainted with him, and 
vouch for his integrity. I withhold his 
name, because it would bring upon him 
needless persecution were I to publish it. 
— Simpson Ely, Kirksville, Mo.] 

1. I impeach Freemasonry because it 
leads the candidate into the lodge room 
blindfolded and in the dark. He knows 
not whither he is going nor what is com- 
ing. He goes there out of curiosity and 
for a selfish purpose. 

2. I impeach it because, before binding 
him with a most solemn obligation, he is 
assured that it will not interfere with any 
of his religious or political duties; then, 
without knowing what is to come, he is 
required to repeat rapidly after the Mas- 
ter of the lodge the obligation, and in 
this obligation he binds himself, under 
penalty of death in a most horrible man- 
ner, not to reveal any part of Freema- 
sonry to persons not Masons. 

3. I impeach it because, in the third de- 
gree of the Blue Lodge, it acts a lie, and 
makes a mockery of prayer, by assuring 
the candidate that he is to travel a dan- 
gerous and rough journey, which may 
terminate his life, then sends him to the 
altar to pray for safety. 

4. I impeach it because it has in it a 
resemblance to religion and many, very 
many, are deceived thereby. 

5. I impeach it because it carries on its 
deceptive work in secret and refuses to 
defend itself. No matter " what state- 
ments are ever made in regard to it, no 
denial is ever made. John Augustus 
Williams goes contrary to the instruc- 
tions of his lodge when he attempts to 
make reply to arguments against Free- 

6. I impeach it because, if a man ever 
raises his voice against it, it is reported 
that he has at one time been black-balled, 
thus using unfair means to gain an end. 

7. I impeach it because it receives none 
but those who, in their judgment, will be 
most beneficial to them, and charges 
them a great sum of money, thus reject- 
ing the poor. 

8. I impeach it because night after 

June, 1899. 



night the husband is kept from home un- 
til after midnight. 

9. I impeach it because men pay dol- 
lars to the lodge when they don't give 
cents to the church. 

10. I impeach it because we find a 
hundred men in the lodge and not two of 
them in the prayer-meeting. 

11. I impeach it because men are too 
sleepy to attend church after spending 
the greater part of the night in the lodge. 

12. I impeach it because the good that 
it does is overbalanced by the harm, by 
keeping people out of the church. It is a 
stumbling block to the church. 

13. I impeach it because no man ever 
gets out of it the value of what he puts 
into it. 

14. I impeach it because it pays out 
money to care for the sick and the dis- 
tressed, using the money paid into the 
lodge by the sick and distressed, and 
then calls it charity or benevolence. It 
is just the same as a man putting $50 into 
the bank and then drawing it out when 
he needs it, and calling it charity. 

15. I impeach it because, when a man 
dies who is a Mason, but never pretend- 
ed to be a Christian, the minister says, "I 
don't know whether he is saved or not;" 
but the lodge will then come up and bury 
him, promising to meet him in the Ce- 
lestial lodge room above. Do Masons 
have a heaven above of their own? If so, 
of what does it consist? Men, prominent 
men only. No women or children are 


The Masonic institution is nothing but 
a hollow sham, a consummate swindle, a 
gigantic falsehood, the most corrupt and 
the most corrupting system on the face 
of "the globe. — Master's Carpet. 

The Washington Times recently re- 
ported the case of J. S. Brilan, a Scottish 
Rite Mason and a Shriner, who was held 
in the public court on a charge of obtain- 
ing money under false pretenses. He 
had obtained it on the plea that, as an ar- 
chitect, he had the contract to construct 
a building. His defense in court was 
that he had represented himself to be a 
Mason in, distress, and received the as- 
sistance on that ground. 

The following is an extract from an ad- 
dress by Rev. Wm. E. Barton, D. D., of 
Park Street Church, Boston, February 
16, 1899: Every little while I hear a man 
say that it is not possible for an outsider 
to learn anything about the secrets of 
Masonry. But suppose Jesus Christ had 
founded his Church on the model of a 
secret society. Suppose he had revealed 
certain secrets to His disciples which 
they in turn were to reveal to others who 
should come after them, and so on down 
through the centuries. Would it have 
been possible to keep those secrets hid- 
den from the world so closely that no 
outsider could have found them out? 
Was there not a Judas in the church 
once? A Julian the Apostate? Among 
the hundreds of thousands who have been 
initiated into Masonry since 1717, have 
there been none who have become hostile 
to the order? There have been men who 
talked in their cups, men in their dotage, 
men disgruntled with the order, men 
who for one reason or another were not 
safe recipients of the secrets? There have 
been Masons who, convinced that Ma- 
sonry was wrong, have come out and told 
all they knew. There have been periods 
of intense excitement, as during the Mor- 
gan times, when its members have been 
forced to go on the witness stand, and 
under oath to testify to the truth of the 
revelations thus made. 

Take it on the simple arithmetical law 
of chances; figure it up and prove for 
yourself how numberless are the opportu- 
nities fordivulging the secrets, compared 
to the infinitesimally few chances of their 
remaining concealed. Perhaps in all our 
annals there was never anything planned 
and conducted with more strict secrecv 
than the Boston Tea Party, yet to-day all 
the details with the names of the men 
who participated therein, are matters of 
history. I have had some experience 
myself on this lino. I had a neighbor 
once when I lived among the mountains 
of Tennessee, a man above reproach, who 
was a Mason, but had ceased to attend. 
One day we were talking about the or- 
der, and I, replying to a remark of his 
that he did not regard his obligations as 
binding, asked him if be felt at perfect 
liberty, but not otherwise, to tell me some 



June, 1899. 

of the "secrets" of Masonsry. We talked 
together a long time, and he spoke with 
perfect freedom, revealing to me many 
Masonic mysteries which according to 
the popular belief only initiated Masons 
can know. I do not say whether he did 
right or wrong. I am not here to discuss 
that question. I am merely relating this 
incident to show how untenable is the 
proposition that Masonic secrets cannot 
be revealed. 

But this is not all I have learned on this 
head. I once met a brother minister in 
the woods. He was evidently in great 
trouble of mind, and said to me, "How I 
wish you were a Mason. Then I could tell 
you what a burden I am carrying, and 
have your counsel and aid." To which I 
replied, "Is there any bond closer than 
the Church of Christ?" Then he told me 
that he had just been visiting the death- 
bed of a brother Mason. This man had 
confessed to him a great crime of which 
he had been guilty years before, and his 
perplexity was as to how he should act in 
relation to it and still keep his Masonic 

Nor is this all. I learned the nature of 
that vow one day when two men, both 
Masons, met under my window. One 
was under indictment for manslaughter, 
and the other was active in prosecuting 
him. The accused man turned to the 
other and upbraided him with breaking 
his Masonic vow by thus prosecuting a 
brother Mason. The other contended 
that the text of his oath "murder and 
treason excepted" did not cover man- 
slaughter. And so they argued and 
wrangled under my window. .Do you 
wonder if I believe that Masonic secrets 
have been and can be revealed? I am 
glad to believe that most Masons inter- 
pret these oaths in a spirit which places 
their duty to society first. I have known 
a Masonic judge in open court to reprove 
a man and fine him for contempt because 
he was seen making Masonic signs to the 
jury. I respected the judge, and believe 
him not to be exceptional. But could I 
have any doubt of what part of the effect 
those signs were meant to have upon Ma- 
sonic members of the jury? 

Let me speak of secret societies in rela- 
tion to the home. The ideal home is one 
where there is perfect sympathy and con- 
fidence between the members. There 

may be temporary concealments for a 
specific purpose, but binding by oath to 
"ever conceal and never reveal" is an- 
other matter. I cannot see how this can 
fail to be destructive of an ideal home 
life. So in relation to society. Here is a 
town of 2,500 people, with a few men of 
much learning or talent. All the intellec- 
tual strength and vigor that is in the com- 
munity should be used for the needs of 
the whole town, and manifested through 
open organizations. Such an organiza- 
tion in the Church of Christ. Is it not 
from this source that we get all that is 
best in our social life? Through a hun- 
dred different channels she pours out her 
social influence freely upon all alike, 
while in a chamber above a business 
block in this same community of which I 
am speaking, are a company of men hid- 
ing all their social life behind closed 
doors, and giving nothing back for the 
benefit of society at large. 

Secret societies claim to be very"chari- 
table" and "benevolent." Now I belong- 
to a life insurance company, and as I look 
over the list of members who have died 
the past year I feel a pleasure in thinking 
that the money I have paid out without 
receiving anything in return has been a 
benefit to their wives and children. Yet 
this is not benevolence or charity. We 
are simply honest men who stand by a 
business agreement. And if the lodge 
stands by its .agreement, and pays what 
it has promised to its sick or unfortunate 
members, it may lay claim to honesty, but 
to charity, never. I believe in insurance, 
and have no word against lodge insur- 
ance, but only when it poses as charity. 
Still, my own feeling is that at best it is a 
very expensive kind of insurance. 

The Ku-Klux disturbance was over 
before I went South. But I learned some 
things about it. I am strongly of the 
opinion that had there not been a widely 
diffused and strongly organized society 
like Masonry already existing, the Ku- 
Klux societies would have been relative- 
ly local and sporadic. In not a few cases 
I am convinced the Ku-Klux society 
found the lodges already existing favora- 
ble nuclei for their dissemination, and 
the lodge rooms a convenient place for 
the concealment of their disguises. So I 
am convinced that a body of men shield- 
ed from the law and from popular sight 

June, 1899. 


may thus upon occasion have their or- 
ganization used, and be themselves 
drawn into purposes far worse than those 
originally contemplated. There are times 
when concealment is necessary. We 
have seen how war dispatches have some- 
times to be withheld from the public, but 
all such concealment should be only tem- 
porary, and stand always ready to justify 
itself in the full white light of investiga- 

No society in a country like ours ought 
to deny the courts permission to investi- 
gate its acts and purposes. A church may 
need to be thrown open to the court. A 
man may die while receiving baptism by 
immersion. If so, the whole form of ad- 
mission, the exact acts and words of all 
participants are the property of the 
courts. Not so when a man dies, as men 
have died, from initiation into secret or- 
ders. The courts stop at the door of the 
lodge. I myself stood in the court room 
during the recent Bram trial, and heard 
the counsel for the defense say, "We, the 
counsel on both sides, have agreed be- 
tween ourselves that no questions shall 
be asked regarding the lodge relations 
existing between the murdered Captain 
and Bram, both being Masons." 

Here a human life hung in the balance. 
If Bram's Masonic obligation made him 
more likely to commit a crime, it ought to 
have been so declared, if less so, then he 
deserved the full benefit of the fact. The 
oath in its full text ought to have been 
spread before the court. All this has to 
do with the social influence of the lodge 
— for society includes the home, the 
church, the court — and I am sure that 
there are times when it is a menace to the 
good of them all. And now in summing 
up I can express my honest opinion as a 
Christian minister and a patriotic citizen 
that it would be far better for the world, 
for the church and state, for truth and 
justice, if there were no secret societies in 



Whole-heartedness is the keynote to 
success in any line ; a worthy, definite, 
fixed object in view and then the whole 
mind, heart and soul centered, and all the 

powers of the being enthused to attain 
that object and stupendous results fol- 
low. A "divided" heart fails, a divided 
house falls. The church of God has al- 
ways flourished in times of distress and 
persecution, because it kept the line of 
separation from the world clear and 
vivid. The failure of the church is al- 
ways from within, never from the out- 
side ; the same is true of the Christian. 
The believer who has gone through the 
6ixth chapter of Romans, the necessity 
of which is shown in the seventh chap- 
ter, and has entered into, and is living in 
the eighth chapter can shout defiance to 
all enemies on earth and in hell, and say 
to all the legions of darkness : 
"From thrones of glory driven, 

By flaming vengeance hurled ; 
Who throng the air and darken heaven, 

And fill this lower world." 

Hearkening to God in whole-hearted 
separation He declares our peace shall 
be as a river, and, "one shall chase a thou- 
sand and two put ten thousand to flight." 
What is the condition to-day? Three 
thousand churches and scarcely a con- 
version, and many reported conversions 
are only galvanized moral corpses ; the 
unity of a lodge rotted, morally corrupt 
heap on the one hand, and frigid form- 
alism on the other, and spiritual death 
and delusion everywhere. In these last 
days God calls in thunder tones reverber- 
ating along the mountain heights of 
Sinai and Calvary, "Come out from 
among them and be ye separate, and 
touch not the unclean thing, and I will 
receive you." 

Portland, Ore. 



"My brethren, be strong in the Lord, 
and in the power of His might. Put on 
the whole armor of God, that ye may be 
able to stand against the wiles of the 
devil. For we wrestle not against flesh 
and blood, but against principalities, 
against powers, against the rulers of the 
darkness of this world, against spiritual 
wickedness in high places." Ephes. 6: 

Christian, still the conflict rages ; keep 
thy heavenly armor on. See ye not that 



June, 1899. 

Satan wages warfare on the Holy One? 
Seems it that the strife assuages? Deem 
not that the foe is won. Sinister with 
craft of ages snares his prey Apollyon. 
Satan marshals still his forces, God's Sab- 
bath to defy ; masked as Baal with priest- 
ly courses, mocks he Christ as the Most 
High. Antichrist works strong delu- 
sion, darkness stimulates the light ; world 
and flesh join in collusion, love's redeem- 
ing grace to blight. Satan's kingdom is 
subversion of the way and truth of God, 
and through license and perversion 
brings he men beneath his rod. Grace 
requireth self-denial, and the bearing of 
the cross ; disciplines by fiery trial, and re- 
fines the soul from dross. Nay, the battle 
is not ended ; truth with error must con- 
flict ; sin by grace is not befriended ; right 
on wrong lays interdict. Faith keeps 
heart and vision single ; flesh the spirit 
would enthrall ; light with darkness may 
not mingle, Christ yokes not with Belial. 

Hades still 'gainst Shiloh rages, Zion's 
warfare is not o'er, and the conflict of the 
ages surges at our very door. For the 
Christ of seer and sages, by his church 
stands evermore ; they who choose of 
sin the wages must part with Christ for- 
ever more. What though they of the 
conscision, all 'gainst the anointed band ; 
God shall hold them in derision ; Christ 
sits throned at his right hand. He will 
know those who confessed him ; those 
who cleaved to him alone; those who, 
Judas-like, caressed him, and connived 
him to disown. Sure and sealed stands 
God's foundation; God his own doth 
know and bless ; let who claim in Christ 
salvation flee from all unrighteousness. 
When the world with sin all hoary, then 
shall come the Crucified, radiant in His 
heavenly glory, and throne Zion at his 
side. King of Zion, we adore thee — 
Jesus Christ, Jehovah, Lord ; and revere 
no God before thee, God of God incarnate 
Word ; patriarchs and prophets praise 
thee, praised by all the heavenly host, to 
thee prayer and praises raise we, Father, 
Son and Holy Ghost. 

Butler, Pa. 



In the Home Forum, a secret society 
organ of this city, in its March number, 
is an article from a woman prominent in 
that order, in which she advocates the 
abolishment of all secrecy in connection 
with the Home Forum. Hear her: "You 
who have read these pages are aware of 
my views on our present ritual. I would 
like to see this young giant of ours break 
from the chains of curiosity's enthrall- 
ment, and add another brave mark to its 
record of advancement by saying, "Not 
only do I welcome my sisters as my 
equals, but I court your honest investi- 
gations and judgments into all my ways 
and methods that ye may know there is 
nothing dark and sinful about me. I 
write this as one who wants not the light 
to be hid under a bushel, who would that 
our good works might go ever before us 
to be seen by all men; one who loves light 
rather than darkness; who reads among 
our Lord's sayings, 'There is nothing 
covered that shall not be revealed, or hid 
that shall not be known;' as one who 
would have our leaders note the signs of 
the times, that are surely breaking more 
and more away from those appearances 
of a something that exists only in imagi- 
nation, into a clearer light of substantial 

The Cynosure ought to be in the home 
of every minister in America. — Rev. M. 
L. Peter. 

The Odd Fellows, not content with 
having a Rebekah side show to silence 
the opposition of women and gain their 
assistance, and with baptizing babies 
"right into the order," have a plan for a 
junior order for boys too young to regu- 
larly join the Odd Fellows. They are 
to. celebrate the opening of this mill for 
boys by a "grand ball." One Jones, who 
is an originator of the scheme, wishes the 
boys taught "a lesson of seriousness," and 
the ball is probably intended to make 
them serious. Now, the W. C. T. IT. does 
not omit the second of its four letters, but 
for that letter Oddfellowship has little 
toleration. It is an exclusive and intol- 
erant institution. It shuts itself away 
from the world, and blackballs away from 
its door whom it will. It will allow no 
woman to be a Rebekah who lacks a rela- 

June, 1899. 



tive inside to propose her name. It is 
also intolerant of Christian worship and 
will not let even a minister or its own 
elected chaplain so much as utter Jesus' 
name during a prayer. The Woman's 
Union is a Christian union. Can its 
members, working for young men, feel 
willing that Oddfellowship, with its anti- 
Christian, clannish intolerance, should 
get hold of these young men ? Can they 
hope that anti-Christian influences will 
favor Christian morals on the whole? 




The sincerity of W. C. T. U. members 
is to be assumed, though some may be 
drawn to the organization largely by its 
being another thing to "join." Those 
members who also join secret organiza- 
tions seem to contradict themselves. 
White ribbons and those other ribbons or 
badges do not seem to "match." For se- 
cret orders are of the night when men 
are drunken ; they are associated with 
convival customs ; they suggest drinking, 
dancing and card-playing, and are asso- 
ciated with unfruitful works of darkness. 
They appear hostile to the execution of 
wholesome law. The W. C. T. U. favors 
the home; the secret society provides 
convivial customs; they suggest drinking, 
ever sincere, therefore, members of both 
kinds of society, they seem to be not self- 


Nearly 3,500 members of the Order of 
the Select Knights of Canada, whose af- 
fairs are in process of liquidation, will be 
called upon to pay six months' assess- 
ments, aggregating about $70,000, as a 
result of a decision just handed down by 
the master in ordinary at St. Catherines, 
says the New York Evening Post. The 
decision affects all who within the last six 
years have been members of the order, 
and who were suspended for nonpayment 
of dues. In the test case lately brought 
the defendants sent up thirty-two clauses 
of defense, but the master decided against 
them in every instance. The members 
are scattered over a large territory, and 
outside of Ontario it will probably be dif- 
ficult to collect the amounts due. The 
order is said to owe on matured claims 
about $85,000, but it is thought that 
claimants will not receive more than half 
this amount. 

The first lodge of Freemasons in 
America was organized in Quebec, Can., 
in 1 72 1, four years after the fraternity had 
been instituted at the Apple Tree Tavern 
in London, Eng., and twelve years before 
the first Masonic lodge was chartered in 
the thirteen colonies which afterward be- 
came the United States of North Ameri- 
ca. It was at first designated "No. 17, 
E. R.," but was later known as "Albion 
Lodge." There is reason to believe that 
it was the seventeenth lodge proceeding 
from the Apple Tree Grand Lodge. On 
July 30, 1733, the first Grand Lodge of 
Freemasons in the thirteen British Col- 
onies afterward comprised in the United 
States was organized at Boston, Mass., 
by authority of Anthony, Lord Viscount 
Montague, then Grand Master of the fra- 
ternity in England. The warrant for its 
establishment was issued to Henry Price, 
of Boston, and it was known as St. John's 
Grand Lodge. On May 28, 182 1, the 
Masonic fraternity of the United States, 
under the supervision of its then Grand 
Master, founded a church at Cherokee 
Hill, eight miles from Savannah, Ga., 
"for all denominations, expressive of the 
universal love of the great architect to all 
his creatures." 


June 19, 1783, the "Society of the Cin- 
cinnati," which is still in quiescent ex- 
istence, was organized at Newburg, on 
the Hudson River, by a number of Uni- 
ted States army officers. Its objects were 
"to cement, by frequent reunions, the 
friendship they had formed in scenes of 
war, to commemorate the experiences 
through which they had passed, and to 
aid in the extension of liberty and good 
feeling between the States." The order is 
said to have received its name from the 
ancient Roman patriot, L. Quintius Cin- 
cinnatus, who, leaving his farm to fight 
his country's enemies, overcame them 
and then returned to his rural pursuits. 

In 1806 a lodge of Odd Fellows — the 
"Shakspeare Lodge" — was organized in 
New York City; but its existence was 
brief. April 26, 1819, the first permanent 
lodge of Odd Fellows was formed at Bal- 



June, 1S99. 

timore, Md., by Thomas Wildey and four 
others, who had belonged to the order in 
England. It was known as "Washing- 
ton Lodge, No. i." The order severed 
its connection with the British fraternity 
in 1842. 


Native Americans, desiring to place 
only native and Protestant Americans in 
the public offices of the United States, 
organized a secret order in 1854, known 
as "Know-Nothings," because, when 
questioned concerning it, they were "mum 
as oysters." It was purely political, gained 
considerable success in the elections of 
1855, was hopelessly defeated in 1856, 
and soon afterward disappeared from the 
political arena. In the Presidential cam- 
paign of 1856, its candidate was Millard 
Fillmore, and it polled nearly 850,000 
votes, but gained only the electoral vote 
of Maryland. The other name of this 
secret society was "The Dark-Lantern 


Following the close of the civil war of 
1861-65, parties who strenuously opposed 
the reconstruction measures enacted by 
the United States government concern- 
ing the future of the seceding States, in 
1868 formed a secret political society, 
known as the "Ku-Klux Klan." It gain- 
ed a membership of about 500,000 in 
nearly all the Southern States — most 
prominently in South Carolina, Georgia, 
Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and 
Tennessee. The organization was ex- 
tremely lawless and did not hesitate to 
commit any act of violence, even murder 
and arson. Heroic action on the part of 
the government, however, succeeded in 
suppressing this society, in 187*1, and it 
soon passed away. 


The Darwinian doctrine that humanity 
■slowly evolves into higher degrees of per- 
fection, received a heavy setback recently 
in a lodge of Elks at Camden, N. Y. The 
fact alone that a large and popular or- 
ganization of men should secretly organ- 
ize themselves in the name, not of any 
order of angels, nor even of illustrous 
men, but of a wild animal like the elk, cer- 
tainly indicates the gravitation of men to- 

ward the plane of the animal creation. 
But, as if to make this gravitation still 
more emphatic, the New York World 
tells us that this Camden lodge had a pet 
monkey named Judge, that was found 
dead one morning, whereupon the lodge 
went into mourning. The body of poor 
Judge was laid in a handsome coffin 
covered with white brocade silk, with a 
plate glass top and silver-plated handles. 
At the four corners burned candles, 
showing that the Elks had adopted the 
Roman Catholic form of burial. At the 
head lay a wreath of handsome roses and 
carnations ; at the foot Judge's favorite 
toys. The monkey's body was dressed in 
a shroud of shimmering white satin, and 
lay in state all day in the Elk's lodge. 
There was a religious service, after 
which the body was taken to the Jordan 
Cemetery. How fitting that an order of 
human beings created in the image of 
God, should, after disowning God and 
His salvation through Christ, and sub- 
stituting the elk as their representative 
and model — thus honor their adopted 
brother of the animal creation ; and espe- 
cially when that brother monkey stands 
higher in the scale of creation than the 


A secret society of this name was ille- 
gally formed in Ireland, and was import- 
ed into the United States, where it flour- 
ished principally among the miners in 
the anthracite coal district of Pennsylva- 
nia. The organization was guilty of many 
outrages against the public welfare, and 
was broken up in 1876. Twenty of its 
members were hanged for murder. 

The State Supreme Court of Tennes- 
see has hit the Knights of Pythias and 
Odd Fellows a staggering blow by its 
recent decision that they are not charita- 
ble organizations, and rthat their property 
is taxable. This just and unexpected de- 
cision forms an admirable precedent for 
the higher courts of other States to con- 
firm and perpetuate. Charity is not 
founded on the prepayment of dues or 
other emoluments for benefits to be re- 
ceived, but thrives spontaneously on the 
highest sentiments of the human soul. 
Selfishness does not enter into its com- 

June, 1899. 




The testimony of the radical United 
Brethren Church against secret societies, 
as found in their present Book of Disci- 
pline, is in these words: A secret com- 
bination is an organization whose mem- 
bers are pledged to conceal their initia- 
tory ceremony, obligation, or their inside 
workings. We believe that these com- 
binations are evil, and that Christians 
ought not to be connected with them, for 
the apostle expressly says: "Be ye not 
unequally yoked together with unbeliev- 
ers, for what fellowship hath righteous- 
ness with unrighteousness? And what 
communion hath light with darkness? 
And what concord hath Christ with Be- 
lial? Or what part hath he that believ- 
eth with an infidel?" "Wherefore come 
out from among them and be ye separ- 
ate, saith the Lord, and touch not the un- 
clean thing and I will receive you, and 
be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my 
sons and daughters, saith the Lord Al- 
mighty." Any member or preacher who 
shall connect himself with a secret com- 
bination shall be regarded as having 
withdrawn from the church. But in case 
such offending member shall sever his 
connection with such combination, such 
member shall be borne with and retained 
as a member of the church. And in the 
annual revision of the class book, each 
preacher in charge of a work shall see to 
it that no names of members of secret 
combinations are retained on the class 
book; neither shall they be reported to 
the annual conference chart. For the 
faithful discharge of his duty, the preach- 
er shall be amenable to the annual con- 

In addition to this strong testimony, 
the constitution of the church adopted in 
1841 says, in Sec. 7, Art. 2: "There shall 
be no connection with secret combina- 
tions, nor shall involuntary servitude be 
tolerated in anyway." This placed the 
church in square antagonism to the se- 
cret lodge and also to American slavery. 
This legislation is effectual in excluding 
all secret society members from com- 
munion in the church, and no denomina- 
tion is more successful in excluding them. 
How different is the experience of the 
United Presbyterian Church. From 
many quarters comes the testimonv that 

Masons and other lodgites are, in in- 
creasing numbers, obtaining access to 
their communion table. The Walton, X. 
Y., Chronicle recently tells of an attend- 
ant of the United Presbyterian Church 
of that town who was a Mason, and 
buried from that church with Masonic 
rites. We are not surprised at the en- 
croachments of the lodge upon this de- 
nomination, when we remember that its 
highest discipline only says that "the 
church members ought not to have fel- 
lowship with such associations," instead 
of saying they must not. 


Among all the original and striking 
ideas on Masonry is the following by an 
Illinois boy, who was requested by his 
teacher to write an essay on the subject, 
and here is what he wrote : 

"King Solomon was a man who lived 
so many years in the country that he was 
the whole push. He was an awfully wise 
man and one day two women came to 
him, each holding to the leg of a baby 
and nearly pulling it in two and each 
claiming it. And King Solomon wasn't 
feeling right good and he said: 'Why 
couldn't the brat have been twins and 
stopped this bother ?' And then he called 
for his machete and was going to Weyler- 
ize the poor innocent little baby, and give 
each woman a piece of it, when the real 
mother of the baby said : 'Stop, Solo- 
mon ; stay thy hand. Let the old hag 
have it. If I can't have a whole baby I 
won't have any.' Then Solomon told her 
to take the baby and go home and wash 
its face, for he knew it was hers. He told 
the other woman to go chase herself. 
King Solomon built Solomon's temple 
and was the father of Masons. He had 
seven hundred wives and three hundred 
lady friends, and that's why there are so 
many Masons in the world. My papa 
says King Solomon was a warm member 
and I think he was hot stuff myself. That 
is all I know about King Solomon." 


A virtuous anti-lodge man at the na- 
tion's capital or running for office with 
a secretist will be deluged with slander 
in the most ingenious ways in order that 



J line, 1899. 

the secretist may succeed ; for the blood- 
suckers who run the machine are most 
profited thereby and the atheistic clans 
are delighted with this weapon of war- 
fare and power. Thus scoundrelism tri- 
umphs ; war over peace and vice over 
virtue ; and Christ and Christianity are 
relegated to the background. Do the 
Protestant clergy know it? Of course 
they do; but to be at ease in Zion and 
popular, they prefer to favor these evils, 
because they fear man rather than God 
they fail to warn men. The church must 
get out of the way or the stone, rejected, 
hewn out without hands, will dash it to 
pieces and grin^i it to powder. God is 
not mocked by devices of silence or 
specious talk. No ! No ! 

Spain claims it is the Masonic and 
other secret orders in her midst that are 
desolating her with war; as Garibaldi, 
the Mason, did Italy. Masonry is ever 
on the alert to ensnare the wealthy and 
influential into its coils and bind them 
immovably with its cable-tow. But the 
rich and influential generally refuse and 
aim to stand from under its mines. Ma- 
sons claim if they were strong enough 
they would not accept clergymen free ; 
but they need them to help to influence 
the masses to join the lodge who would 
otherwise unite with the churches rather 
than ally themselves with atheistical and 
deistical societies for salvation. To-day 
Masonry is warring Catholicism in Spain, 
and later on it will make war on Protes- 
tantism. Masonry is the handmaid of 
satan, and bids for patrons, because it 
can protect them in crime and rescue 
them from the officers of the law, which 
would abolish the saloon, gamblers' den 
and organized criminal classes, but for 
the aid and support given by secret or- 
ders. Yes, the clergy know that, but 
they fear it would create disturbance in 
the church and lower the salary, but the 
truth is the church would be far more 
blessed and prosperous. 


the Union in defiance of the laws of those 

This remarkable declaration affecting 
the legality of mutual beneficial associa- 
tions and assessment societies was made- 
April 24 by Judge J. W. F. White dur- 
ing the trial of a case which he threw 
out of court. The case was that of Er- 
nest Broesel versus the supreme lodge 
of the Knights of Honor. The plaintiff 
sought to recover money he had paid into 
the society, claiming that he had been il- 
legally expelled from membership. Judge 
White held that if he had been illegally 
expelled he was still a member and the 
present action was not well founded. In 
taking the case from the jury or instruct- 
ing them to find for the defendant, Judge 
White said: "It seems that this order in 
Pennsylvania is in pursuance of or under 
some charter granted by the State of Mis- 
souri; we don't know when, presumably 
several years ago. It is a misnomer to> 
call it a beneficial society. It is simply an 
insurance company, insuring the life of 
the plaintiff for $2,000, to be paid his 
wife at death. I doubt very much the le- 
gality of the existence of the order in 
Pennsylvania. There is nothing here (re- 
ferring to the certificate) to indicate that 
it ever held a charter in Pennsylvania. 
There is nothing to show that the con- 
cern had power to establish lodges in 
Pennsylvania." Then followed the state- 
ment first quoted and the court contin- 
ued: "They have no right to exist here 
unless there is some law in this State that 
recognizes their existence. The proper 
course for the plaintiff would be to go 
after the organization and have a re- 
ceiver appointed and get his share of the 
funds in that way." 


"It will not do for some States in the 
Union to give a charter to some local as- 
sociation and authorize that local associa- 
tion to establish lodges in every State in 

The Puritan Congregational Church, 
at 817 Grand avenue, Chicago, is de- 
scribed by the Daily News as having a 
number of unique details of organization. 
The News contains a cut of the church 
building and a portrait of the pastor, 
Rev. C. E. Burton. The congregation 
began four years ago as a mission and 
now has 150 members, and numbers 300 
children in its Sabbath school. The News 
gives as among the novelties of this 
church fifteen meetings each week; a 

June, 1899. 



monthly, eight-page paper, edited by the 
pastor, and set up by the Sabbath school 
scholars; a gymnasium in which the chil- 
dren are instructed by students from the 
Chicago Theological Seminary; classes 
in instrumental music, and a class in elo- 
cution ; also a fine public reading room is 
in contemplation. Then there are the 
usual Ladies' Aid, Missionary, Junior 
and Senior Christian Endeavor, prayer 
meeting and Sabbath school organiza- 

But the most unique feature of this 
church is a secret society for boys, called 
'The Knights of King Arthur," and 
which is a part of the church organiza- 
tion, /the same as the Sabbath school or 
prayer meeting. Official rank and stand- 
ing in this order is won by excellence and 
good grade in the various branches of the 
church and Sabbath School work. It is 
presumed that its secret ritual, passwords 
and grips equal in potency among the 
members those of the larger and older 
societies, which it is doubtless a pattern 
after. This is certainly a unique feature, 
und the first instance we have known of 
a church systematically training its youth 
in the principles and tactics of secret so- 
cieties. What better device could be em- 
ployed to lead -the youth of the church 
and of the land into the higher and more 
dangerous secret organizations. While 
we admire most of the features of this 
church, and commend them to others, 
yet this church training of its youth in 
the tactics of secretism we regard as ex- 
ceedingly dangerous and sinful. 


The religious element of the older and 
stronger secret societies is seldom con- 
sidered by persons seeking to unite with 
them. Should it be casually mentioned 
to a member of either of these fraterni- 
ties, the customary answer is, "There is 
nothing in our order to interfere with 
your duties to God, your country, or your 
family." Generally this is sufficient to 
satisfy the novice who has no fixed re- 
ligious views, and is, too often, explicit 
enough to allay the fears of a professed 
Christian. Subsequently, when fairly in 
the meshes of the fraternity, he finds him- 
self bound down by heinous and bloody 
penalties to ignore the Savior of men, to 

withhold his confidence from his family, 
to lay aside his private judgment, and to 
blindly follow the dictates of his lodge, 
however they may clash with his morality 
and patriotism. 

The Minnesota Pythian Advocate says 
that, "When the private work of a secret 
society is appropriated, body and 
breeches, by another organization, it is 
carrying a good thing too far. Com- 
plaints are now made that a Woodman 
society has been taking the secret work 
from the Knights of Pythias." This is 
the latest form of modern holdup. As 
some one says, men from this out can 
only succeed by dealing with orginiza- 
tions rather than with individuals. It 
does seem that there is no longer honor 
among — birds of a feather. 

Rev. Father Weirich, of Dubuque, 
Iowa, protests strongly against non- 
Catholic societies, or the association in 
lodges of Roman Catholics and Protest- 
ants. He protests against any organiza- 
tion which embraces in its constitution 
and by-laws any opposition to the teach- 
ings of the Catholic church. He says 
that, "organizations that proclaim by 
word or example that all religions are 
equally good, cannot be tolerated by the 
Catholic church. It is folly to main- 
tain that truth and error are one and the 
same. It cannot, therefore, be said that 
the church is intolerant in the sense in 
which this word is generally used; for 
she, the pillar and ground of truth, has 
always, and ever will, stand on the side 
of truth. This is the reason why the 
Catholic church cannot and never will 
allow her members to join societies that 
uphold the ridiculous principle that all 
religions are good if practiced." The 
trouble is that between the truths (?) of 
the Catholic secret societies and the er- 
rors of the Protestant secret societies, 
the distinction is so small that it can only 
be seen through a microscope. The con- 
stitution of all secret oath-bound lodges 
is based on errors that neither God nor 
his W r ord can approve, but which both 

A Chicago clergyman is credited with 
saying, not long ago, that formerly the 
question of great importance and interest 



June, 1899. 

to mankind was, "What shall we do to be 
saved?" but not is, "What shall we do to 
save ourselves?" No doubt such is the 
case; and the latter inquiry was antici- 
pated by Daniel Sickels in his "General 
Ahimon Reson, or Freemason's Guide," 
page 196, when he wrote, years ago, con- 
cerning Blue Lodge Masonry: "These 
three degrees thus form a perfect and 
harmonious whole; nor can it be con- 
ceived that anything can be suggested 
more which the soul of man requires." 
What, then, becomes of his salvation 
through the sufferings and death of our 
Lord, if Masonry performs such perfect 

The Free Methodist reports the laying, 
on May 10, of the corner stone of a new 
church at Greenville, 111. An interesting 
and inspiring address was given by Bro. 
Hogg. ' The report says: "There is at 
least one corner stone in Greenville that 
was not laid by the Freemasons." We 
are glad to note, also, that Prof. Edward 
P. Webster has been appointed dean of 
the Greenville College, and his wife as- 
sistant principal. We have known them 
of old, and believe them in all respects 
worthy of these responsible positions. 


The following is an extract from a re- 
cent anti-secret address by Bro. P. B. 
Williams: "In the first degree of Ma- 
sonry we are told that by due attention to 
the compass we are taught to limit our 
desires, curb our ambition, subdue our 
irregular appetites and keep our pas- 
sions and prejudices in due bounds with 
all mankind, especially with the breth- 
ren. In Sickles' Monitor, page 32, we 
are told that the square is to square our 
actions, and the compass to circumscribe 
our desires. In the Entered Apprentice 
degree we are told that Freemasons use 
the mallet for the, more noble and glori- 
ous purpose of divesting their hearts and 
consciences of all the vices and superflui- 
ties of life; thereby fitting their minds as 
lively stones for that spiritual building, 
that house not made with hands, eternal 
in the heavens. If this Masonic fraud 
was morally of any account we might at 
least expect to see morality among its 
members. On the other hand we find it 

composed of all sorts of characters out- 
side of the gates of hell. Masons them- 
selves know that their emblems are a con- 
summate fraud. They in no sense effect 
what they claim. One Mason says: 'The 
lodge is a cage of unclean birds.' Anoth- 
er calls it, 'A house of refuge for rascals 
and backslidden Christians.' Another 
says: 'We know Masons whom we would 
not believe in the lodge or out of it;under 
oath or without an oath.' Another says: 
'A Masonic lodge is the strangest med- 
ley of priests and murderers ; deacons and 
whoremongers; church members and. 
gamblers; decent men and loafers; 
drunkards and rowdies, that the all-see- 
ing eye ever looked down upon.' 

"Judge Whitney, Worshipful Master 
of Belvidere Lodge, Illinois, says, T find 
myself associated as a Mason with drunk- 
ards, blackguards, loafers, gamblers,, 
whoremasters, and murderers, and their 
aiders, abetters and accessories.' This- 
proves that as a system of morals, Free- 
masonry is a lie. We are told that a man 
must be a 'believer' to become a member. 
The term believer is very vague, but 
where they are cornered for a definition, 
they invariably say, 'A believer in God,' 
yet I find on the Pacific coast that nine 
out of ten unbelievers are Masons. Were 
they unbelievers when they joined, or, is 
it due to the system of Masonry that they 
are such? To further show that Masonic 
symbols are non-effective, I wish to men- 
tion a case at Salem, Oregon, which oc- 
curred at our last State election. Some 
Masonic and other lodge politicians 
sought to thwart the will of the people, 
by changing the ballot-sheets of the 
Mt. Angel precinct. It implicated the 
County Clerk, who absconded, short, of 
course, about three thousand dollars. The 
Knights of Pythias, of which he was a 
member, published that if he would re- 
turn they would make good his shortage. 
He came back, made a confession of the 
whole matter, implicating some of the 
most prominent Masonic lawyers in our 
city. They were all indicted before the 
grand jury. At every place we have 
spoken since we have called attention to 
the matter, and faithfully warned the pub- 
lic of the danger of Masonry, and predict- 
ing that through the secret society aid 
these men would all go 'scot free.' At 
our last term of court one was tried and 

June, 1899. 



came out clear. All the rest were put off 
to the December term, which means they 
are virtually free now. The compass fail- 
ed to 'limit their desires,' or to 'curb their 
ambition.' The Masonic mallet must 
have utterly failed, in the 'more noble and 
glorious purpose of divesting their 
minds, hearts and consciences, of all the 
vices and superfluities of life.' They seek 
office, and are bound to have it, if the will 
of the people stands in their, way, they 
will find methods by which to override it. 
How long will this people, born free and 
equal, endure this imposition of Freema- 

For two thousand years the order of 
Knighthood has been endeavoring to 
ameliorate and elevate the condition of 
womankind. — Wm. B. Melish, at the Tri- 
ennial Encampment at Pittsburg, Octo- 
ber, 1898. 

So for two thousand years this society 
of Knightly Endeavor has been at work, 
and it seems they are "endeavoring" still ; 
for their efforts to "ameliorate and ele- 
vate the condition" of the outcast wo- 
men who helped them drink their punch 
and other liquors when they made that 
heroic onslaught on Boston bars four 
years ago, are yet remembered by some 
of our sex, especially among the white- 
ribboners. That they should fail in ap- 
preciation is really too bad, Mr. Melish. 
Such base ingratitude is enough to make 
a crocodile shed tears. 

torn §m 3ML 


The Daily Record of May 8 contains 
a dispatch dated Kalamazoo, Mich., May 
8, which says that, "Chester Jessup, aged 
17 years, died yesterday as a positive re- 
sult from injuries received when he was 
initiated into the Kappa Gamma society 
of the Kalamazoo high school two 
months ago. He was handled so roughly 
and was so badly burned on the face 
with nitrate of silver that he never left 
the house afterward. Typhoid fever set 
in, which, in his debilitated condition, re- 
sulted fatally. Mrs. J. F. Jessup, mother 
of the dead boy, came here from Grand 

Rapids for the purpose of educating her 

Does it not make the heart of the phi- 
lanthropist bleed to read the frequent 
and horrible details of these cruel mur- 
ders in secret lodges. It is remarkably 
sitrange that public sentiment is so in- 
different to the existence of organiza- 
tions connected with our educational in- 
stitutions, in which such diabolical out- 
rages are tolerated. Surely the secret 
orders in this country are running to 
seed, when boys in our public schools 
must ape their cruel barbarism. Think 
of this tender-hearted mother leaving her 
home at Grand Rapids to obtain for her 
darling boy the educational advantages 
of this high school, and then to see him 
branded and tortured to death by these 
inhuman scoundrels. We read with sad 
pity of the ancient Amorites who . re- 
quired their children to pass through the 
fires of Molech. But we must add indig- 
nation to our pity that there exists in this 
boasted Christian civilization such a bar- 
barous organization as the Kappa Gam- 
ma society. T. H. Gault. 

Chicago, 111. 


In the constitution and general laws 
of Oddfellowship, revision of 1890, page 
19, the candidate for membership says: 
"I agree that, if elected, I will conform 
to the constitution and by-laws of your 
lodge, and those of the grand lodge of 
Indiana, and that I will seek my remedy 
for all rights on account of said mem- 
bership, or connection therewith, in the 
tribunals of the order only, without re- 
sorting for their enforcement in any 
event, or for any purpose, to the civil 
courts." Now this pledge by the candi- 
date, certainly gives the officers in the 
order above him the power to take ad- 
vantage of him and shuts him off from 
getting redress in the courts. Also, we 
hear much about the charitableness of 
the order, but the Grand Lodge of In- 
diana says on page 30 of its report for 
1890: "Benefits are not charities; they 
are a brother's right." "It requires six 
months' contributing membership in all 
cases to entitle a brother to sick benefits." 
"In case any member shall bring any 
suit in the courts for benefits, he shall be 



June, 1899. 

deemed guilty of offense against the or- 
der, and, upon conviction thereof, shall 
be expelled." How easy under such 
regulations for a member in good standing 
to be swindled out of sick benefits. The 
Grand Lodge mentions certain classes 
not entitled to receive sick benefits, 
among others : "Farmers able to super- 
vise their farms." How sick must a 
farmer be not to be able to supervise his 
farm, if he has sons or a hired man ? 

That Oddfellowship is despotic, is 
easily proven. One of my former neigh- 
bors, Marion R. Elder, is a seceded Odd 
Fellow. He had twice informed the or- 
der that he had left it forever because it 
had swindled him out of his sick benefits. 
But the lodge persisted in sending him 
duns and intimating they would enforce 
their payment by penalty. The order 
binds its members to obey unknown su- 
periors, and conceal what has not yet 
been revealed to them. A by-law of the 
order says : "A wife of an Odd Fellow, 
away from home has no claim upon a 
lodge." Surely the secret society stand- 
ard of benevolence is far below even the 
civil standard. J. H. 


In revising the tenth chapter of the 
manuscript of my book, I am reminded 
of a very important fact connected with 
the National Christian Association which 
has never before been alluded to, and 
which possibly has never even been 
thought of by any one connected with 
that organization, but to which I now de- 
sire briefly to call the attention of Cyno- 
sure readers. In 1868, after opening my 
school here in Chicago, I began again to 
mingle in Masonic circles, visiting lodges 
and relating, as opportunity offered, the 
treatment received through Masonic 
benevolence, when sick and at the point 
of death in a boarding house on Kinzie 
street. The Masons of Chicago absolute- 
ly refused to lend me the least assistance, 
though they knew I was a Mason in good 
standing and entitled at least to human 

From 1868 to the close of 1874, I went 
steadily on opposing Masonry on the in- 
side, holding up to scorn and ridicule the 
wrangling and bickering, the 'cheating, 
the calumnies and slanders so common 

among members, exposing the wilful 
mismanagement of Masonic funds en- 
trusted to the Executive Committee of 
the Board of Relief for the sufferers by 
the Chicago fire, preferring charges in 
the grand lodge against Past Grand 
Master Reynolds for stealing $800 of the 
funds, seeking to bring a Masonic crimi- 
nal to justice, though a member of my 
lodge, opposing the laying of the corner- 
stone of the Chicago Custom House, and 
publishing a letter to that effect in the 
Chicago Times, and demanding at the 
grand lodge meeting in 1874 that the hor- 
rible death penalties of Masonry be ex- 
punged from the system. 

Thus I was fighting Masonic rascality 
from the inside, always exposing Mason- 
ry to Masons, my official position in 
Keystone Lodge, and the honors confer- 
red upon me, enabling me to do so as 
perhaps no other person could. But now 
mark, the same year in which I began 
my opposition from within the system, 
the N. C. A. was organized at Pittsburg 
"to oppose and withstand Freemasonry" 
from without; but its members knew 
nothing about me; how could they? nor 
did I know anything about them. Now, 
candidly, who do you think influenced 
the minds of the Christian men and wom- 
en at that Pittsburg meeting to band 
themselves together against the anti- 
Christian and pagan character of Mason- 
ry? And who was influencing me to op- 
pose and expose it from within? If "all 
things are of God," as His Word declares 
over and over again, and if His all-per- 
vading Providence is over all His works, 
then who can deny that God was in that 
Pittsburg movement in 1868? 

But now mark once more: The N. C. 
A. remained without incorporation until 
1874, when it was "incorporated under 
the laws of the State of Illinois," and a 
movement inaugurated by which it could 
be placed upon a solid and permanent 
footing. Its official organ, the Christian 
Cynosure, had been published for some 
years by Mr. Ezra A. Cook, but I knew 
neither Mr. Cook, the Cynosure norPres- 
dent Blanchard, my associates and 
friends being Masons, and most of my 
spare time being spent in their company. 
But the time had now come, at the close 
of 1874, when, instead of opposing Ma- 
sonry any longer from within, I must 

June, 1899. 


now oppose and expose it from without, 
and the best way I judged to accomplish 
that end was by publicly working the 
Masonic degrees — making Masons in 
public. Calling the first meeting then in 
my own school room, with the aid of the 
tyler and secretary of Keystone Lodge, I 
worked the three degrees of Masonry 
that night before a large audience, and 
with the house surrounded by Masons. 

But what next? There my work would 
have stopped were it not for the existence 
-of the N. C. A. and the Christian Cyno- 
sure. And now let me ask, who do you 
think was ruling and controlling these 
movements all the time? Was it by mere 
chance that the N. C. A. was organized in 
Pittsburg in '68 and the Cynosure start- 
ed to oppose Masonry from without, 
while I was led just at the same time to 
oppose it from within? And then the in- 
corporation of the N. C. A. in '74, about 
the same time that I was being led to 
oppose it from without, thus affording 
the only means then existing to deliver 
my testimony. Do you think all that, was 
mere coincidence? or, looking at it calm- 
ly, don't you believe the whole movement 
from first to last was of God? I do, most 
assuredly, and hence I'm not at all wor- 
ried as to the result — that belongs to God. 
My great concern is to give my testi- 
mony as He would have me. I say noth- 
ing about 1874 as being the beginning of 
the ''harvest time" spoken of in our 
Lord's parable of the tares, but this I am 
sure of, that a public testimony against 
the Masonic iniquity was then due, that 
I was called to give that testimony, and 
that the Lord provided the way for it m 
the organization of the National Chris- 
tian Association. E. Ronayne. 

104 Milton Avenue, Chicago. 

In Psa. 15:4 David describes the char- 
acter of a citizen of Zion as one who 
''sweareth to his own hurt and changeth 
not," however inconvenient the perform- 
ance of the promise may be. "Better is it 
that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou 
shotildcst vow, and not pay." Eccl. 5 : 5. 
Solomon says : "It is a snare to the man 
who devoureth that which is holy, and 
after vows to make enquiry," as to their 
lawfulness or practicability. But this is 
what everv member of a secret society 
does. He first swears and then inquires ; 

or, he does not inquire at all. The in- 
quiry is very proper, but it should have 
been before the vows — not after them. 
No man is bound by an unlawful oath ; 
but he is bound to repent that ever it was 
made. But it is better to keep out of the 
"snare." — Rev. John Brown. 


The question of secret organizations 
should be of deep interest to all. Espe- 
cially should the subject receive the pro- 
found attention of all who strive to better 
the spiritual interests of humanity. They 
are very numerous and it would be idle 
to deny that their vast influence on so- 
ciety is either for good or evil. If they 
are a benefit to the spiritual and religious 
life of man, their worship ennobling to 
the soul and accepted of God, and their 
prayers heard and answered, then it is 
the duty of all Christians to give them the 
most hearty approval. But if we can 
learn from the literature and influence of 
the lodge that its character is evil, that its 
ritual, prayers and worship are not in the 
name of the only Mediator, then it would 
be established that they are the worst in- 
stitution to corrupt the real and true wor- 
ship of God. If the religion of the lodge 
is Christless it can have no Christian 
character, and the minister is guilty if he 
is not informed and able to warn the peo- 
ple of God against it. All governments, 
both civil and ecclesiastical, are investi- 
gated ; their benefits or disadvantages 
known without hindrance, and is it not 
reasonable that secret organizations be 
as well understood by all ? The most im- 
portant phase of secrecy is the religion of 
the lodge and this we find from their own 
authorities is Christless and degrading. 

Cyrus Smith. 

Grand River, Iowa. 


The manipulation, mockery and rid- 
icule of the lodge room, and the mere toy 
a man's mind becomes under suggestive 
manipulation is largely the cause of the 
contempt with which human rights and 
human happiness are regarded. The 
mockery of a man's impulses, good and 
bad, creates a disrespect for man and his 
rights that has extended outside of the 



June, 1899. 

lodge room. Their restrictions are self- 
ish, and merely between member and 
member. They do not protect the unfor- 
tunate, ignorant outsider. They enforce 
conditions of secrecy by oath and perse- » 
cution, but do not protect by oath from 
persecution or unfair advantage those 
ignorant of hypnotic influence. It seems 
as though they teach men manipulation 
and turn them loose on the world to prey 
according to their dispositions. It is 
hard to see any restraint when, judging 
from political and criminal records and 
the protection of members who have 
broken the laws. They do persecute 
where their interests are involved. 

They do not stimulate manufactures, 
agriculture, commerce, arts or sciences, 
yet are infinitely stronger than any so- 
ciety which does promote useful efforts. 
They do not help the cause of justice, the 
betterment of society or the advance- 
ment of civilization. They do not attempt 
to unite and by agreement prevent the 
notorious houndings and ruined lives 
due to long, continued bulldozing perse- 
cution. As things are to-day, procura- 
tion of crime, blackmail and compromis- 
ing positions flourish in our large cities. 
Free and open discussion and the knowl- 
edge by all of the possibilities of the in- 
fluence would largely prevent a condi- 
tion noticed by many writers. It would 
bring adequate legislation and restric- 
tion. Too many men already have been 
crushed and ruined forever in a republic 
whose declaration of independence de- 
clares "Man is endowed by God with cer- 
tain inalienable rights, among these be- 
ing life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- 


C. M. Aitken. 


"Let no man deceive you with vain 
words, for because of these things cometh 
the wrath of God upon the children of dis- 
obedience. Be not ye therefore partak- 
ers with them. For ye were sometimes 
darkness, but now are ye light in the 
Lord; walk as children of light; and have 
no fellowship with the unfruitful works 
of darkness, but rather reprove them. 
For it is a shame even to speak of those 
things which are done of them in secret." 

in this vicinity, and no doubt in other 
places also, by organizers and members 
of different beneficial orders to entice 
God's people to join; — vain and flatter- 
ing words and delusions being resorted 
to — and so much has been said in com- 
paring their benefits to those of the 
church, that I wish some one would write 
out some of the benefits derived from our 
Heavenly Father, in such a form as could 
be compared to those of lodges, or insur- 
ance companies^ for nearly all lodges are 
insurance companies. In trying to de- 
ceive people whom they find opposed to- 
secret orders, some agents claim the or- 
der which they represent was not a se- 
cret order and had not lodge systems,, 
which proved to be a lie. And many claim 
that such orders as the Red Cross, Amer- 
ican Yeoman, and Modern Woodmen 
are all right for Christian people to join; 
but this is only a snare of the devil to- 
blind the people. "For the mystery of 
iniquity doth already work; only he who 
now letteth will let; God shall send them 
strong delusion, that they should believe 
a lie; -that they all might be damned who 
believeth not the truth, but had pleasure 
in unrighteousness." This persistent 
crusade of the lodges is beset with pit- 
falls, snares and delusions, and an en- 
dorsement of the lodge by religious peo- 
ple, ministers of the gospel, etc., does not 
raise their standard in the eyes of :he 
Lord, but rather increases their power 
for evil. Mrs. M. C. Hunn. 

There has been such a persistent effort 

What shall we say of secrecy, with a 
membership, it is said, of 6,000,000 in. 
the United States, and an annual ex- 
penditure of over $300,000,000? Even if 
this estimate is considerably too high, the 
matter is most significant anyway. What 
shall be said of the evils of greed? Lis- 
ten to these words attributed to Freder- 
ick Harrison — words that are too strong,, 
but it is a pity that so much of them is 
true: "Our present type of society is, in 
many respects, one of the most horrible 
that has ever existed in the world's his- 
tory — boundless luxury and self-indul- 
gence at one end of the scale, and at the 
other a condition of life as cruel as that 
of a Roman slave and more degraded 
than that of a South Sea Islander." — 
Rev. T. H. Achison. 

June, 1S90. 





Hon. John B. White, of New Ux- 
bridge, Mass., whose funeral occurred 
May 6, 1899, was the first called to his 
rest from the ranks of the original corpo- 
rators of the New England Christian As- 
sociation. He died in his 79th year, and 
was gathered like a shock of corn cometh 
in his season. The following is an ex- 
tract from an address at his funeral by 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard: 

"I am asked to recall some of the most 
marked features of this good man's char- 
acter. He could say with Paul, I know 
whom I have believed. There was noth- 
ing vague or visionary about his faith. It 
anchored his soul to that within the vale. 
He accepted the Bible as the inspired 
Word of God, and the church of Jesus 
Christ as the pillar and ground of the 
truth. He held firmly to a consecrated 
ministry, and to a diligent use of the 
means of grace, and gave of his means 
and his personal effort for their support. 
Home was to him his earthly paradise, 
and companionship with his family more 
attractive than all the world beside. Shar- 
ing those sacred duties with the mother 
of his children, which are too often im- 
posed by the absent husband upon the 
careworn wife, he instructed his sons 
and his daughters in the way that they 
should go, and now that he has gone 
they rise up and call him blessed. To 
prepare his children for usefulness and 
equip them for the noblest achievements 
was his supreme effort, and to them he 
has left the priceless legacy of a happy, 
Christian home. He believed that a law 
consigning any one of his fellow-men, 
innocent of crime, to slavery, was to him 
an abomination which he abhorred and 
resisted as high treason against God, and 
man made in the image of God. In the 
dark days of slavery he was no less the 
friend and benefactor of the black than 
of the white man unjustly deprived of 
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. 
He was a friend of foreign missions, but 
did not expend all his energies or be- 
stow all his sympathies upon the heathen 
in lands remote. He had a watchful eye 
to danger that threatened the peace and 

purity of the church and the integrity of 
the government. When he saw the liquor 
power rising like a beast out of the sea 
of human cupidity and depravity, chal- 
lenging church .and state to mortal com- 
bat, he recognized and obeyed a call to 
arms, issuing from a court higher than 
that which condemned his Mas<ter to the 
cross, or from civil magistrates who 
wash their hands in the life-blood of a 
hundred thousand victims annually. He 
that is not with me is against me, was his 
platform in business and in politics; on 
week davs and on Sabbath days and on 
election days. And as he believed so he 
made that record which is now complete, 
and which he has gone to meet, at that 
tribunal where the lofty and the lowly 
shall receive according to the deeds done 
in the body. 

"The natural and becoming privacies, 
of domestic and social relations were 
held sacred by our brother. That confi- 
dence which is inseparable from success- 
ful and honorable competition among 
partners and associates in business was 
scrupulously observed. Temporary re- 
strictions upon the transactions of legis- 
lative and judicial assemblies received his 
approval when conditions rendered it 
necessary for the public good, but be- 
yond this limit he felt that it was unsafe 
and even perilous to venture. He looked 
with especial distrust upon all associa- 
tions requiring an obligation or oath of 
concealment as a condition of member- 
ship. He did not think it wise or safe to 
invest either money or time in any 
scheme or business which he was not 
permitted to inspect before he paid the 
price, and which he had pledged his 
honor to maintain and support. He 
looked upon Christ's example as a safe 
guide and accepted his teachings as final 
in all matters of conscience and duty, and 
strove to walk in the light as he is in the 
light. He had a firm conviction that he 
that doeth truth cometh to the light, and 
that the disciple should be like his Lord, 
in not withholding any good thing from 
them that walk uprightly, and hence he 
could have no fellowship with any order 
or society that put an embargo on his con- 
science, his private judgment or his 
freedom to proclaim what he saw with 
his eyes or heard with his ears, upon the 
housetop at his own discretion, rather 
than that of the dictation of others. He 



June, 1899. 

^sked no man to conceal his secrets un- 
der an oath, and he accepted no man's 
secrets under oath or pledge ever to con- 
ceal and never reveal. He believed and 
taught that a Christian life should be like 
the Master's, open, transparent, needing 
no such artificial, unnatural safeguards. 
Few persons had a keener sense of hu- 
man limitations and frailties than our 
brother, but he knew to whom he could 
apply and find help in time of need. With 
malice toward none and charity toward 
all he quietly but firmly maintained the 
right as he saw it until he could say, I 
have fought a good fight, I have finished 
my course, I have kept the faith; hence- 
forth there is laid up for me a crown of 



This college more than any other in 
our land has been distinguished for its 
fearless, outspoken testimony against se- 
cret societies*. We are glad to repeat 
these words spoken recently of this insti- 
tution by one of the oldest pastors of Chi- 
cago, Dr. E. P. Goodwin, at a ministers* 
meeting: "I rejoice that this college is 
thoroughly Christian, loyal to the core to 
the Word of God and seeking to have 
that made the rule of life to all its stu- 
dents, a college where the most positive 
Christian instruction is had in all the 
class-rooms, and where the spiritual life 
•of students already Christians is sure to 
he nourished, and earnest efforts made 
to win others to accept Christ and His 
gospel. Such colleges, I feel, are pre- 
eminently needed in these days of doubt 
and unbelief. Too many of our higher 
institutions graduate students who have 
learned during their course to think 
lightly of the old faith of their homes, 
and who are on the high road to ration- 
alism and infidelity. And too many 
others once earnest and active as Chris- 
tians go forth with their hearts chilled 
and little more than a name to live. The 
large per cent, of students that enters the 
ministry, or goes into different forms of 
Christian work from Wheaton, attests 
the spirit that prevails. Parents need 
have no fears in committing their chil- 
dren to its care lest they make shipwreck 
of their faith." 

The rapid growth of the wealth of col- 
lege Greek letter fraternities was em- 
phasized by the statement that the Kappa 
Alpha lodge at Cornell, which was re- 
cently burned, was valued at $45,000 and 
that the total value of the fraternity 
property 'at that instituiton amounts to 
nearly half a million dollars. One fra- 
ternity lodge alone at Cornell is worth 
nearly $100,000. Williams College comes 
next to Cornell in the value of its fra- 
ternity property, and then Yale, Amherst, 
Wesleyan, and Harvard in the order 
mentioned, according to a recently pub- 
lished estimate. Since Columbia moved 
into her new building the more prosper- 
ous fraternities have each made plans for 
expensive chapter houses. These houses 
are not owned by the fraternity at large, 
but by each individual chapter, and some 
of them are excellent illustrations of the 
work of our best-known architects. It 
has been estimated that there are 8,000 to 
9,000 college fraternity men in. New 
York. — New York Sun. 


Doubts have been expressed concern- 
ing the actual baptism of children in an 
Odd Fellow's Lodge. The account pub- 
lished in the Home Light, abridged from 
the Odd Fellow's Herald of Jan. 1,1897, 
seemed incredible to some of our read- 
ers. In addition to a copy of the Herald 
at hand, obtained directly from the office 
of publication, I subjoin an exact copy 
of an explanatory card which lies be- 
fore me. 

Paris, 111., April 4, 1898. 

I did baptize twenty-seven children — 
not into Oddfellowship — but as a Chris- 
tian minister according to the rules of the 
M. E. Church. The occasion was a re- 
ligious one. After this service, there 
was a social given by the Odd Fellows, 
among them the parents of the children. 
It would seem to me that a moment's re- 
flection would convince any Odd Fellow 
that baptism has no more place in an 
Odd Fellow's Ritual than initiation has 
in the Christian ritual, and if I pre- 
sumed to introduce one for the other, 

June, 1899. 



would subject myself both to church and 
lodge discipline. Yours, 

W. T. Beadles. 


No. i. Has the above explanation the 
ring of a godly minister or the dastardly 
cowardice of a pettifogger ? 

No. 2. How does it tally with Paul's 
ideas, "Have no fellowship with unfruit- 
ful works of darkness," or John Wesley's 
belief that "God had raised up the Meth- 
odist Church to spread Bible holiness 
over the world ?" The Herald explains 
that, "The Chaplain" instructed the par- 
ents that they "were not bound to have 
their children become members of any 
church," etc., and then recounts the hi- 
larious scene that ensued in the lodge 
room where the baptism was performed. 

No. 3. How long has it been, "accord- 
ing to the rules of the M. E. Church," to 
delegate "Christian ministers" to fre- 
quent the^ haunts of secret lodges, and 
there "baptize children," concluding with 
a supper service "of which all partook, 
some until they became as stiff as bo- 
logna sausage?" 

No. 4. Who revised the old Methodist 
hymnal, substituting for the soul inspir- 
ing lyrics of the Wesleys, appropriate on 
baptismal occasions, "Old Folks at 
Home," "Let It Be Soon," and the 
"Dutch Baby?" The Herald says that 
these were sung with such gusto that 
they "brought down the house," especial- 
ly "The 'Dutch Baby/ which almost 
killed the audience — it was immense !" 

No. 5. How many devout and godly 
Methodists are ready to join with Par- 
son Beadles in a rollic at "blindman's- 
buff and other games," after he has ad- 
ministered baptism to twenty-seven 
(more or less) of their children ? 

No. 6. Are the presiding elders and 
bishops, in this venerable body of sainted 
ancestry, ready to "Trip the light fan- 
tastic toe," chasing sedate matrons and 
winsome lasses, over the lodge room 
floor, with hood-winked eyes and jolly 
repartee, as the finale to a baptismal ser- 
vice, performed by a Christian minis- 
ter (?) as he asserts over his own signa- 
ture lying before me, "according to the 
rules of the M. E. Church?" 

The pool in which the parson and grand 
chaplain attempts to wash his hands of 
this transaclion looks "inky." Like Sol- 

omon's fly-blown ointment it "sends 
forth a stinking savor" and forcibly sug- 
gests another of the wise man's sayings,. 
"He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it." 
The secluded convocation, the grotesque 
mask, the clanking of chains, the threat 
of torture at the stake, the coffined skele- 
ton and the whole weird pantomime of 
initiation, is sufficiently gruesome, it 
would seem, to satiate the diabolical craze 
of a demon incarnate, but when a "Chris- 
tian minister" (?) actually inter-marries 
the ordinance of baptism, with the Moa- 
bitish Daughters of Rebekah, and chris- 
tens their helpless babes — not to become 
members of Christ's body, the church — 
but to be "Good Odd Fellows," and then 
sings the "Dutch Baby" for a doxology, 
and the Grand Secretary Miller stuffed 
"as stiff as bologna sausage," smacks his 
lips in a little eulogistic speech, exclaim- 
ing "I have never seen a more beautiful 
sight than christening of these children in 
this lodge by the grand chaplain,'' the 
whole thing savors of an insult to Je- 
hovah in which "Herod has" not only 
"out-Heroded himself," but where an 
agent of the lodge has unwittingly "out- 
deviled the devil himself." My advice, 
"with malice towards none and charity 
for all," is repent therefore, and bring 
forth the fruits meet for repentance, lest 
a worse judgment come upon thee. — 
Rev. James P. Stoddard, in Boston 
Home Light. 

Masonry claims to have a plan that in 
important cases where an influential man 
will not apply for admission, as in the 
case of Mr. Wanamaker of Philadel- 
phia, who first wished to know what was 
to be said and done by him if he joined. 
So it was agreed that he could be ad- 
mitted by being in the presence of high, 
worshipful masters, met in solemn con- 
clave. Whether he is now in or out must 
puzzle those who claim all must come in 
on the same level and platform and be 
uniformed in the customary antique shirt 
and drawers, and have their hands on the 
compass and square laid on the Bible, 
Venda or Koran, in order to deceive 
them with the idea the Masonic compass 
and square are more venerable and re- 
spectable than the Bible. Both church 
and state must take this question in hand 
or both will be corrupted and enslaved. 




June, 1899. 

The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

A 32-page monthly with cover, opposed to 
secret societies, represents the Christian move- 
ment against the secret lodge system; dis- 
cusses fairly and fearlessly the various move- 
ments of the lodge as they appear to public 
view, and reveals the secret machinery of cor- 
ruption in politics, courts, and social and re- 
ligious circles. In advance, $1 per year. 

Entered at the Poctofflo*. Chicago, 111., m second class 
matter. t 

The Cynosure is published monthly under 
the management of a Board of eleven Direct 
ors: Rev. J. A. Collins (U. P.), Rev. E. B. 
Wylie (Cong'l), Rev. W. O. Dinins (C. C), 
Mr. E. A. Cook (Cong'l), Rev. T. B. Arnold 
(Free M.), President C. A. Blanchard, Prof. 
E. Whipple (Cong'l), Mr. C. J. Holmes (Swe. 
Luth.), Mr. J. M. Hitchcock (Indept), Prof. 
H. F. Kletzing (Evang'l), P. W. Raidabaugh 

Rev. M. A. Gault, editor Christian Cyno- 
sure, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Secretary and Business Manager, 
to whom all letters containing; money and relating to 
the business of the paper must be addressed at 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, Ills. 

Scribner's Magazine for June is a rich- 
ly illustrated number. Percy G. McDon- 
nell writes in it a sketch from a battle- 
field in the Philippines, showing the 
treachery of the Filipino soldiers. One of 
the foremost of our soldiers came upon a 
wounded insurgent, who begged for mer- 
cy, and as the soldier reached forward to 
take the surrendered rifle, he rose on his 
elbow and shot him through the heart. 
In a second the murderer was running 
to the river ; but the run was short, for he 
fell pierced by a dozen leaden avengers. 

I venture to say that no man who once 
becomes a Mason ever regrets the step he 
has taken*. " — F. C. Allen, Worshipful 
Master of Lodge St. George of Bombay, 
at the recent Semi-Centennial. 

This is perhaps a safe utterance to 
make in Bombay. But it would not be 
a safe one to make in Boston at the next 
annual convention of the New England 
Christian Association, for at least half a 
dozen stalwart seceders would start up 
in contradiction — men who became Ma- 
sons and never regretted the step they 
took but once, and that "once" has been 
for all their lives. — Home Light. 

Experience of Rev. Thomas S. La 
Due, in a Free Methodist holiness meet- 
ing, near Portland, Ore. : "I felt from the 
start a spirit of opposition in one man, 
professing holiness, who had been very 
friendly. He had professed to renounce 
Freemasonry. He evidently winced at 
some casual remarks I made, in a ser- 
mon, against the system. After that I 
was told that he apologized to a M. E. 
local preacher, master of the lodge he 
belonged to, by saying that he did not 
leave the lodge on account of men like 
him, but because of some men who 
drank ; implying that he did not consider 
Masonry in itself wrong." At a later 
meeting this Mason defended the use of 
tobacco — "and he a member of the holi- 
ness band and professing entire sanctifi- 
cation!" — Memoirs, page 156. 


History Nat'l Cnristian Associ- 
ation, ioc. each. 
Its origin, objects, what it has done and aims to 

do, and the best means to accomplish the fend 

sought, the Articles ot Constitution and By-lawr 

of the Association. 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35c, pape- 

A discussion of their character and claims by 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

The Master's Carpet or Hasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 
in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of every 

ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

Disloyal Secret Oaths. 5c. 

By Joseph Cook, Boston. He quotes the law of 
Vermont which makes the administration of the 
Masonic oaths illegal. Joseph Cook's address is a 
national treatment of a national subject, and very 
valuable for reference. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
D. Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c 

Finney on Hasonry. Cloth 75c, 

paper 35c. 

The character, claims and practical workings of 
Freemasonry. By ex-Pres. Charles G. Finney, of 
Oberlin College. President Finney was a " bright 
Mason," but left the lodge when he became a 
Christian. This book has opened the eyes cf 

General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies, ioc. 

This is a re-publication of Governor Joseph Rit- 
ner's " Vindication of General Washington from 
the Stigma of Adherence to Secret Societies," 
communicated to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1837, at their special re- 
quest. To this is added the fact that three high 
Masons were the only persons who opposed a vote 
of thanks to Washington on his retirement to pri- 
vate life-undoubtedly because they considered him 
a seceding Freemason. 

June, 1899. 


Nearly Fifty-eight Years Old ! ! ! 

It's a long life, but devotion to the true interests 
and prosperity of the American people has won for 
it new friends as the years rolled by and the origi- 
nal members of its family passed to their reward, 
and these admirers are loyal and steadfast to-day, 
with faith in its teachings, and confidence in the 
w^^^pp^jn^-fe -^m ^ information which it brings to their homes and fire- 
ip ^Kwafc,^^^ s id es# As a natural consequence, it enjoys in its 

{ \ old age all the^ vitality and vigor of its youth, 

■ \ strengthened and ripened by the experiences of 

over half a century. It has lived on its merits, and on the cordial support of pro- 
gressive Americans. 

It is "The New York Weekly Tribune," acknowledged the country over as a 
leading National Family Newspaper. 

Recognizing its value to those who desire all the news of the State and Nation, 
the publisher of THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE has entered into, an alliance with 
'The New York Weekly Tribune" which enables him to furnish both papers at the 
trifling cost of $1.25 per year. 

Just think of it! Both of these papers for only $1.25 per year. 

Send all subscriptions to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, 111. 


Secrecy and Citizenship. 

Secrecy and Citizenship consists of three essays which received the re- 
spective prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. Lansing, D. D.; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleeth. 

Rev. F. W. Farr, the widely known superintendent of Rev. A. B. Simp- 
son's work, the Christian Alliance, was asked to open the discussion 011 the "Prize 
Essays," at the Philadelphia Convention (November, 1897), and he then dis- 
cussed at length some of the salient points in each essay: 

In the essay of Dr. Lansing, the independent power of the lodge as a 
menace to the State was particularly dwelt upon. 

In the essay of Dr. Trueblood. the paralysis of moral vision resulting from 
lodge associations was clearly set forth. And in the essay of Dr. Sleeth, the dis- 
tinctions between secrecy and privacy were explained. 

The unanimous verdict of those participating in the discussion was that 
the Prize Essays were worthy of wide circulation and careful perusal. It is an 
attractive as well as a valuable volume of 137 pages, 5x7^ inches, cloth, sent post- 
paid for 50 cents. 

With your own renewal and one new subscription both papers one year 
and the book for only $2.00 



June, 1899. 



The accompanying chart represents one hundred and forty two degrees. 

I. The American Rite of 13 degrees; 2. The Scotch Rite of 33 degrees; 

3. The Egyptian Rite of 96 degrees. 4. The Mystic Shrine of one degree. 

5. The Eastern Star of 5 degrees for Master Masons and for women. These are side degrees, and not 
genuine masonry. > 

The Symbolic degrees, or Blue Lodge of three degrees, are common to every Masonic rite, whether 
American, Scotch, or Egyptian, or whichever of the Masonic rites, named in Mackey's Masonic Encyclo- 
pedia one may choose to investigate. 

This chart shows in the Blue Lodge the position of the Worshipful Master and some of the other offi- 
cers of the lodge. Several positions of the ca«»didate who is being initiated are also shown. In the Master 
Mason's degree is recognized the murder, buriai «»u ?«s«rrectio«. **en?. »o full o£ Kaligjc-iis signifi*' J nce to- 

▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼ WWW^WWWWWWVWWWWWWVVVVVWVW^"^^^^^ w ^ 








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Co all Readers of the Cynosure: 

Dear Friends: Once more we wish to call your attention to the work 
done by Wheaton College. For more than thirty years you have been 
acquainted with this institution ; many of your sons and daughters have 
been educated in it* It is now approaching its fortieth anniversary* 

In material equipment, in intellectual life, and we trust in spiritual 
power, it is seeing its best days. There remains, however, much land to 
be possessed. It requires for the most effective prosecution of its work 
an addition of two hundred thousand dollars to its permanent funds, and 
while many young men and women are forming sterling Christian char- 
acters within its walls, there is room for many more. 

Please look about you and see what you should do for the College, 
and what you would like to have the College do for you. When you 
have considered this matter sufficiently, please communicate the results 
of your thought. 

With gratitude for all the past, and hope for all the future, 

I am, sincerely yours, 



►Ad."" 'i; 1, i •"-/.'' a ■ ■■ **{j» 


George Washington, in his farewell address: 

" All obstructions to the execution of the laws, all 
combinations and associations, under whatever plausi- 
ble character, with the real design to direct, control, 
counteract, or awe the regular deliberation and 
action of the constituted authorities, are destructive 
of this fundamental principle, and of fatal tendency." 


How the Fourth of July Should Be Cele- 
brated 65 

Lincoln, Harrison, Gladstone 66 

William H. Seward 67 

Thaddeus Stevens 68 

Secret Societies in Politics 70 

Political Possibilities for Anti-Lodge 

Voters 74 

Killed, but No Inquest 79 

News of Our Work 80 

New England Letter §3 

Our Question Drawer 85- 

The Home and the Lodge 86- 

Seceders' Testimonies 88 

From Our Mail 90* 

Newspapers and Reform 91 

Denominational 93 

Publisher's Notes 94 

Voices from the Lodge 95 

Illustrations 96. 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, 523 
West 14th street, Chicago. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton. 111. 

General 'Secretary and Treasurer— William 
I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook,. 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
William Fenton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to th« world; aud in secret have 

said nothing." John 18:20. 






221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, III., as second class 

Long may our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light; 
Protect us by Thy might, 
Great God, our King! 


Eighteenth President of the United States. 

General U. S. Grant, in his autobiog- 
raphy : 

"All secret, oath-bound political par- 
ties are dangerous to any nation, no mat- 
ter how pure or how patriotic the motives 
and principles which first bring them to- 



"It is very natural that the people should 
recall the Declaration of Independence, 
for it is in that document that the words 
"United States'' first appear. It is true 
that they appeared in a document drawn 
up at a meeting of my countrymen, chief- 
ly Presbyterians, a year before in North 
Carolina, but it was not until 1776 that 
the Declaration was accepted. 

"The 121 years (spoken in 1897) 
through which we have passed since the 
promulgation of the Declaration of In- 
dependence have been marked by steady 
advancement in religion, science, litera- 
ture, and the general good, and it is em- 
inently fitting that the day should be cele- 
brated in a manner which gives ready ac- 
knowledgment of God's goodness to 
this nation. 

"I could wish that the day was celebra- 
ted in a manner somewhat different from 
what it is. I think the money spent in 
buying firecrackers in ail parts of the 
country, which go to the making of use- 
less noise, could be expended in a way 
that would do a far greater amount of 
good. It might be employed in the edu- 
cation of those who come to our shores 
ignorant of the principles of our govern- 
ment and unable to gain that knowledge 
requisite for good citizens. If the money 
were spent in this way, I think it would 
be a more appropriate way of recalling 
the day." 

The above suggestion might render 



July, 1899. 

Independence day not only better kept 
but also better worth keeping; for it 
would make the citizenship of the coun- 
try better and would add hope for the 
nation's future history. Some of the 
money might well be spent in distributing 
literature relating to the Masonic, or, as 
Washington called them, "English 
Lodges," which that patriot for the last 
thirty years of his life abandoned. 

The birthdav of a Christian nation of 
more than seventy millions deserves a 
worthy celebration. The present method 
of celebrating it is almost barbarous. 
Have we no care that, the young should 
be reminded of the great facts of our his- 
tory, of the priceless cost of our institu- 
tions, of the peril involved in frivolity, of 
the duty of each to know the full sig- 
nificance of the times in which we live ? 

Why should we not set apart the 
Fourth of July to instruct all our people, 
and especially our children and youth, 
in lessons of Christian patriotism ? Lim- 
itation of disturbance, which does not 
express patriotism, with special attention 
to what is really great in the historic and 
patriotic significance of the day, is to be 
sought in all reasonable and practicable 
ways, by those whose patriotism fore- 
casts the future as well as recalls the past 
glory of America. The day is a good 
one to examine the secret clannish oath 
to shield criminals, under the searching 
light of patriotism. 


son. His well-known character speaks 
eloquently against the despotism and il- 
legal obligations of such secret societies 
as Jesuitism, Freemasonry, and Clan-na- 
Gaelism. He well knew that this nation 
can no more endure with two kinds of 
oaths in her court rooms — the civil and 
Masonic — than she could "endure half 
free and half slave." 

The Masonic propaganda has seized 
upon Lincoln's name as one valuable to 
conjure with, and it has pictured him in 
Masonic regalia. The following, by the 
well-known correspondent, William E. 
Curtis, in the Chicago Record of March 
17, 1899, 1S °f interest: 

"It is the popular impression through- 
out the country that President Lincoln 
was a Mason, but Secretary Hay says he 
was not. Several pictures of Lincoln in 
Masonic regalia have been published, 
with statements of men who claimed to 
been members of the same lodge. Sec- 
retary Hay recalls that the question came 
up at one time during the war, upon the 
receipt of several letters of inquiry, and 
Mr. Lincoln told him that he had never 
been a Mason." 

Ex-President William Henry Harri- 
son was recently published as a Free Ma- 
son by a Masonic editor of an Indiana 
paper, notwithstanding the fact that the 
opposite is the truth. In Vol. III., "Cy- 
clopedia of Political Science, Political 
Economy and United States History," 
page 1 103, will be found the following in- 
teresting fact: "Neither myself nor any 
member of my family has ever been a 
member of the Masonic order." 

Since the death of Gladstone, the 
American Tyler, a Masonic publication 
of this country, claimed Gladstone as a 
brother Mason. A letter of inquiry ad- 
dressed to Mrs. Gladstone has brought 
the following reply : "Hawarden Castle, 
July 30, 1898. — Dear Sir: Mr. Gladstone 
was not a member of the order of Free 

Sixteenth President of the United States. 

Abraham Lincoln was not a Freema- 

We must borrow the answer of the 
wise man, who, when some one called 
him a fool, replied: "There's a variety 
of opinions about that." 

July, 1899. 




Secretary of State Under President Lincoln. 

William Henry Seward was born May 
16, 1801, in Florida, Orange County, 
New York. He was Governor of New 
York, United States Senator, and came 
very near to being the nominee for Pres- 
ident instead of Abraham Lincoln. 

His first political success was his elec- 
tion to the State Senate of New York on 
the anti-Masonic ticket. 

From the American Statesman series, 
recently published, I quote from pages 
12-15 of Seward's life, the author's ac- 
count of political anti-secrecy: 

Upon the disappearance of the Na- 
tional Republican party, Seward joined 
and soon became active in the anti-Ma- 
sonic party in Western New York, of 
which Thurlow Weed was a moving spir- 
it. The rise and progress of this party is 
one of the most curious episodes in our 
State and national politics. 

In 1826 there lived in Batavia, in the 
State of New York, one William Mor- 
gan, a most humble and insignificant per- 
son, a Freemason, whose extreme pov- 
erty tempted him to publish a book, an- 
nounced as a revelation of the secrets of 
the order, and by the sale of which he 
expected to make a good deal of money. 
Some over-zealous and misguided fanat- 
ics among the Masons, learning of his 
proposed publication, arrested him on a 
frivolous pretext, hurried him from place 
to place, and at last procured his confine- 
ment in a deserted fort at Niagara. Here 

he utterly disappeared, having been, if 
one may trust the evidence, taken off in a 
boat and drowned in the waters of Lake 
Ontario. All attempts to detect and con- 
vict the authors of this crime were baf- 
fled by the powerful association of which 
they were members; but there was no 
anti-Masonic party in any locality until, 
in the summer of 1827, a gentleman who 
had been the treasurer of the town of 
Rochester, ever since its incorporation, 
and to whose re-election there was no 
open opposition, was beaten at the polls 
by a candidate whose nomination even 
had been previously unknown. For this 
political overturn the Freemasons claim- 
ed the credit. The defeated officer was 
not a Mason; he had by chance been an 
eye-witness of something subsequently 
shown to have been connected with Mor- 
gan's disappearance; and he had also 
taken a prominent part in the investiga- 
tions set on foot to discover the criminals. 
The result of this petty local election, and 
the consequent exultation of the Masons, 
angered the people of the village and 
county, and in the autumn anti-Masonic 
candidates were nominated and elected 
to the State Assembly. The next year 
(1828) the anti-Masons extended and per- 
fected their political organization; they 
obtained control of the western counties 
of New York; they captured some iso- 
lated towns elsewhere, and attracted the 
attention of the public throughout the 
State. They held a convention, nomi- 
nated a candidate for Governor, and suc- 
ceeded in choosing five out of the thirty- 
two State Senators and seventeen mem- 
bers of the assembly. The "Anti-Ma- 
sonic Enquirer," Thurlow Weed's paper, 
had a circulation not merely in the west- 
ern, middle and northern counties of 
New York, but in some parts of Pennsyl- 
vania and Ohio. There was no general 
State election in 1829. In March, 1830, 
the "Albany Evening Journal" was es- 
tablished as an anti-Masonic paper under 
Weed's editorship; and a national con- 
vention of the party, which Seward at- 
tended, was held at Philadelphia in Sep- 

In the following year Seward came to 
New England for the first time in his life. 
Arriving in Boston on the anniversary 
of Morgan's abduction, he went to the 
anti-Masonic committee room, where he 



July, 1899, 

was called upon to speak, and found him- 
self to his surprise "preaching politics" 
in that city. He visited John Quincy 
Adams at Quincy, and the acquaintance 
thus begun ripened into a warm and en- 
during friendship. He found Mr. Adams 
an anti-Masonic candidate for Congress, 
"intensely engaged in writing a bitter 
polemic against Freemasonry/' A little 
later there was a second national anti- 
Masonic convention at Baltimore, to 
which Seward was also a delegate. Here 
Chief Justice Marshall occupied a seat 
on the platform, and William Wirt (who 
had been Monroe's Attorney General) 
was nominated as a candidate for Presi- 
dent. It was known, when this was 
done, that Henry Clay intended to be a 
Presidential candidate; but he had al- 
ready expressed himself so strongly 
against the anti-Masons, that his nomina- 
tion by them was impossible. 

The anti-Masonic party owed its ori- 
gin and its strength to the conviction of 
the leading young men of Western New 
York that the existence of a secret so- 
ciety, whose members were bound to one 
another by an obligation which had been 
able to paralyze the exertions of counsel, 
to shut the mouths of witnesses or com- 
pel them to perjure themselves, to un- 
nerve the arm of justice and to override 
and corrupt all departments of the gov- 
ernment, was inconsistent with the safe- 
ty, and even threatened the existence, of 
a popular government. Many men of 
distinction, ability and experience shared 
these views, and supported the party; 
among them were Chief Justice Marshall 
and Judge Story, John Quincy Adams, 
Calhoun, William Henry Harrison, 
Richard Rush, and Edward Everett. The 
extent of their feeling about the matter 
may be judged from the fact that ex- 
President Adams and Judge Story seri- 
ously considered whether such secrecy 
as there is about. the college Greek letter 
societies ought not, on public grounds, 
to be prohibited. 

Thad. Stevens was elected to Con- 
gress first in 1848, and was a member of 
Congress continually from 1858 to 1868. 
He was the unquestioned leader of the 
House of Representatives from July 4, 
i6oi, when it assembled at the call of 

Lincoln, until his death in 1868. 

The legislative work of that period, 
says Samuel W. McCall, of Washington, 
D. C, stands unapproached in difficulty 
and importance in the history of Con- 


He was an ardent anti-Mason, and 
when he entered the Pennsylvania House 
of Representatives in 1833 he became the 
chairman of a committee appointed to 
investigate Masonry, and introduced a 
resolution making Masonry a cause for 
challenging a juryman in cases in which 
a Mason was interested. 

He said of the lodge: "By Freemason- 
ry trial by jury is transformed into an en- 
gine of despotism and Masonic fraud." 

In the American Statesman series, 
there has been issued this year a volume 
on Thaddeus Stevens, from which we 
quote pages 29-30 : 

The abduction and probable murder 
of William Morgan by members of the 
Masonic order, and their subsequent 
trial, produced an intense feeling. of in- 
dignation in many parts of the Union,, 
and quickly forced into politics the ques- 
tion of the wisdom of secret societies, 
and particularly of the Freemasons. An 
anti-Masonic party at once appeared in. 

July, 1899. 



New York, which mustered 33,000 votes, 
and at the following election increased its 
membership to 70,000. The effect of the 
Morgan incident was undoubtedly exag- 
gerated, but it gave alarm to many good 
people. Stevens instinctively sympa- 
thized with the principles of the new 
party, and was one of the first men in 
Pensylvania to declare his adhesion to it. 
The broad plane of American citizenship 
was none too broad for him. He de- 
nounced an institution whose members, 
he believed, were banded together by an 
oath to control a government whose 
blessings they shared, and to pervert the 
administration of justice in their own fa- 
vor. He declared that Masonry was an 
imperium in imperio, and that republican 
institutions were endangered by its con- 
tinuance. Largely through his leader- 
ship the opposition to the Democratic 
party in Pennsylvania was consolidated 
under the name of the anti-Masonic 
party, and it made an energetic but un- 
successful campaign in 1829, having Jo- 
seph Ritner as its candidate for Gover- 

For a time this issue promised to fur- 
nish a rallying cry for a great national 
party. A national convention was held 
in Baltimore in September, 1831, and 

placed William Wirt in nomination for 
the Presidency. Stevens was one of the 
moving spirits of the convention, and 
among his colleagues were men no less 
conspicuous than Abner Phelps and 
Amasa Walker of Massachusetts, and 
William H. Seward of New York. The 
result of the campaign was disastrous, 
and showed the futility of attempting to 
construct a national party upon this sin- 
gle idea. Wirt received the electoral vote 
of only one State, and that the State Ver- 
mont, in which Stevens was born. The 
truth underlying the new party was too 
narrow and too self-evident. Masonry 
itself languished, men quitted its ranks 
in great numbers, and many of its lodges 
were closed. But the American people 
declined to divide upon this particular 
question. Parties are evolved upon broad- 
er and more comples issues, and anti- 
Masonry stands as the first but by no 
means the last illustration in our history 
of attempting to produce a great political 
party to order upon a single question. 


Under the above heading the Chicago 
Evening Post of May 10 has reported a 
sensation made in Roman Catholic cir- 
cles and among Irish leaders by the 
stand taken by the Archbishop of Glas- 
gow, Scotland, who refused penance and 
the eucharist to members of the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians. It is said that this 
order, though not so strong in Scotland 
as in America, has yet several influential 
branches that meddle with political af- 
fairs. It is conjectured that this fact in- 
fluenced the Archbishop's decision. 

These seems to be a natural tendency 
in secret orders to be practically political 


The Mason who violates his obligation, no 
matter under what penalties he may bind 
himself, can only be punished by reprimand, 
suspension, or expulsion from his lodge and 
the fraternity, and deprived of all privileges 
of 'the order. To all intents and purposes he 
is Masonieally dead to the fraternity, and to 
every member thereof. It is Masonic death, 
and that is the only penalty that can be in- 
flicted, and the only one. that has ever been 
inflicted. Thai; he is thus dead and an outcast 
is not the fault of the Masonic order. It is 
his own fault. There can be no good reason 
for a violation of any of the covenants of Ma- 
sonry. No one can, by any possibility, be 
placed in a position where it could become 
necessary to violate any of the solemn prom- 
ises he was required to make before being 
admitted to the order. Therefore, any viola- 
tion of his obligation that he may be guilty 
of can only blacken his own character, and 
deprive him of the Masonic rights he other- 
wise would be entitled to. — Sun. 

"The only one that has ever been in- 
flicted." How fortunate it would be for 
Masonic history if that statement could 
be verified ! It is an astounding one, 
however. It is exactly as credible as 
much of what Masons say, and that we 
half hope in charity they are able to make 
themselves believe. But it is well known 
that Masons have been Masonieally mur- 
dered. Take the famous Morgan case, 
as an example, though not the only one. 



July, 1899. 



Secret societies are in politics, but few 
dream to what extent. Not only are there 
anti-Catholic secret political associations, 
but numbers of secret trades-unions are 
taking political action to-day. That 
many of the so-called benevolent secret 
orders are a political power, no intelli- 
gent person can gainsay; though that 
such orders are in politics, many of the 
members of the rank and file sincerely 
deny. Such members do not realize that 
designing men barter them in the politi- 
cal market for their own preferment. Can 
this be done? Most certainly, for when 
men are bound together for professedly 
benevolent ends, and are under special 
promise or oath to the brotherhood, the 
average member has a marked tendency 
to go and do just what the designing 
leader wishes. 

The fundamental principle of democ- 
racy is, publicity. Democracy trusts the 
people. It believes that when they are 
fully informed they will act patriotically. 

The fundamental principle of secret so- 
cieties is suppression of publicity. That 
which distinguishes a secret society from 
every other kind of society is the prom- 
ise of the initiated never to tell, but al- 
ways to conceal. Hence it is the foe of 
public discussion and of democracy. The 
town meeting discussions of New En- 
gland were more dreaded by old En- 
gland than all other forces of the thir- 
teen colonies combined. 

The organization of every political 
party is so permeated with secret society 
influences that the statement of the mill- 
ionaire banker, Henry Clews, becomes a 
truism. "The political caucus compels 
the citizens to register the decision of a 
Secret Clique," that is, individuality is 
destroyed. The secret clique is every- 
thing. Publicity is destroyed. Secrecy 
is triumphant. A caucus of a few in se- 
cret previous to the open public caucus 
is the bane of politics to-day. 

When the Prohibition party met in 
Battery D, Chicago, and elected Mr. 
Dickev as their National Chairman, a 

prominent Good Templar as well as Pro- 
hibitionist called a delegated caucus of 
that secret society, for the day preceding 
the mass Prohibition meeting, in order 
to determine the action of this open 
meeting of Prohibitionists that was to 
follow; one of the members of the Na- 
tional Prohibition Committee from 
Worcester, Massachusetts, said that, not- 
withstanding the death of this Good 
Templar leader before the meeting of 
the convention, it was with great difficul- 
ty that the secret plans of the Good Tem- 
plar convention were overcome in the 
"Battery D" meeting. 

THE G. A. R. 

It was Mrs. Partington, I believe, who 
defined "politics" as politics. No better 
definition, I presume, is needed, since it 
includes everything with which govern- 
ment, local, State or National has to do. 
In this sense the lodge is in politics in 
that it affects not only party nomina- 
tions, but our government in a great 
many other ways. An illustration of 
lodge influence over its members — mem- 
bers who acted not maliciously but be- 
cause led by a few designing men — was 
given me by the Sheriff of Sedgwick 
County, Kansas, who had been to the 
State of Michigan with a requisition from 
the Governor of Kansas for the arrest of 
a prominent member of the G. A. R. ; he 
said that he arrested his man, but was 
obliged to return without him for the 
present, simply because the membership 
of the order rallied around him, without 
regard to his guilt, and for the time being 
defeated justice. Said the Sheriff, "I am 
a Freemason, but I confess that I have 
found in my business as Sheriff that the 
tendency of the members of all secret or- 
ders is to stand by one another under all 

From the Chicago Daily News of May 
17, 1899, is a special dispatch from 
Washington, of interest in this connec- 

"Washington, D. C, May 17.— Sur- 
prise is expressed by friends of several 
speakership candidates at the character 
of an address promulgated by circular to 
ex-soldiers and intended to advance Gen. 
Henderson's candidacy for Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. 

"The address is signed by R. G. Dy- 
renforth, commander-in-chief of the Un- 

July, 1899. 



ion Veterans' Union and a member of 
Kit Carson Post, G. A. R., of Washing- 

"After pointing out the desirability of 
having an ex-soldier in the Speaker's 
chair, the address says: 'If your member 
of the Congress is a Republican move on 
him immediately both as an organization 
and as individuals and exact a pledge 
from him that he will support D. B. Hen- 
derson for the Speakership of the next 
Congress. If your member refuses or is 
non-committal, knock him out at his 
next nomination.' " 


In general it is safe to say that to-day 
the public offices are divided between a 
minority sect, the Catholics, and a minor- 
ity secret society, the Freemasons. An 
editorial in 1894, in the Chicago Inter 
Ocean, pointed out the method: "A se- 
cret organization working incessantly 
and ubiquitously to that end." 

It is true that, "by their deeds ye shall 
know them." The Inter Ocean item re- 
ferred to the condition of things in Chi- 
cago. The full paragraph reads as fol- 
lows: "They (the Catholics) fill the offices 
of the Mayor, Chief of Police, Chief of 
Fire Department, Postmaster, State's 
Attorney, Clerks of the Circuit, Probate 
and Supreme Courts, a number of the 
judges, forty-five of the sixty-eight alder- 
men, sixty-seven per cent, of the school 
teachers, eighty per cent, of the fire de- 
partment, and ninety per cent, of the po- 
lice force. Now, if anybody says that a 
minority sect gets all these plums and 
preferences without a secret organiza- 
tion working incessantly and ubiquitous- 
ly to that end, then we must admit that 
Americans import and do not produce 
their supply of brains." 

As to the minority secret society, the 
Freemasons, we have only to look into 
the county court houses, outside of the 
great cities, to see the proof of the state- 
ment that the Freemasons manage the 
politics for the country as the Catholics 
for the large cities. No secret lodge more 
loudly proclaims its object and aim as 
benevolent, the drying of the widow's 
tears, etc., than the Masonic order. How 
does it come that this society, whose 
chief object is said to be benevolence, 
gets the majority of all the political 
plums and preferences in all places out- 

side of our large cities? Answer, "by 
working incessantly and ubiquitously to 
that end." 


The Ancient Order of Hibernians have 
their headquarters in New York City. 
Their object is "to promote friendship, 
unity and true Christian charity among 
members by raising money for the main- 
tenance of the aged, sick, blind and in- 
firm." Their motto: "Friendship, Unity 
and True Christian Charity." The last 
part of the motto is interpreted to mean 
the doing unto each other and to all the 
world as they would be done by. Their 
oath is: "I will, with the help of God, 
keep inviolably all the acts, etc., and 
obey the constitution and by-laws in 
every respect." This order is a wide- 
spread society in this country, and regu- 
larly incorporated in various States. Its 
members are Roman Catholics, and it 
wields an immense influence over them. 

In certain counties of Pennsylvania the 
Ancient Order of Hibernians in 1854 
took the local name of Molly Maguires. 
They have had fifty years of organiza- 
tion under this local name. They terror- 
ized whole counties in Pennsylvania, held 
the political offices of the counties, had a 
strong influence in State politics, and 
boasted that they could make their influ- 
ence felt in national politics. It may be 
familiar to you that the State of Pennsyl- 
vania was impotent to punish crime in 
the counties dominated by this secret, 
benevolent society. The State tried more 
than once to control them and failed. 
The "Mollies" opened jails and released 
prisoners, .murdered those obnoxious to 
them, and knew no law but their own 
sweet will — and none were punished. 

For several years in those counties the 
murder of prominent citizens averaged 
about one a month. No man could tell 
when his life would be taken, or his prop- 
erty destroyed. These Hibernians were 
school directors, county commissioners, 
constables, justices of the peace — one 
was elected to the Legislature of the 
State, and another came very near being 
elected to the position of Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of the State of 

The man who did for the time being 
what the State failed to do was Franklin 
B. Gowan, a lawyer and President of the 



July, 1899. 

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. His 
life was threatened, and he was afterward 
found dead, but by what means he came 
to his death no one knows. But he lived 
until the power of the "Mollies" was 
broken, and many of them suffered the 
extreme penalty of the law. 

But it is said "the whole order of An- 
cient Hibernians cannot be held respon- 
sible for the crimes of a portion of its 
members, and especially of that branch 
known as the Mollie Maguires." The 
answer is, that the Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians never severed its connection 
with the "Mollies," even after their 
crimes were proven, but, on the contrary, 
raised large sums of money by assess- 
ment on the lodges throughout the coun- 
try, for the defense of the "Mollies," and 
fought for them to the bitter end through 
every court of the State. 

It is perhaps not more than four years 
ago that the public press stated that the 
"Mollies" were again thoroughly organ- 
ized in that section of Pennsylvania. One 
of their counties is the third in wealth in 
that State; it contains the large city of 
Wilkesbarre, with its academies and 
wealth and culture; but in those three 
counties, during ten months of 1894, 
there were more than one hundred mur- 
ders, and not a single case of capital pun- 
ishment. In the two years preceding 
this, there had been a total of three hun- 
dred murders, and not a single case of 
capital punishment. Four hundred mur- 
ders in less than three years in three 
counties! It is not claimed that these 
murders were all committed by this one 
association, but under the leadership of 
Mr. Gowan, and by the aid of Mr. 
Pinkerton, the murderous character of 
this benevolent society was once made 
known, and that it is organized again is 
also known, and that it is again a power 
in politics is now in evidence. 

Please notice that this is a society or- 
ganized for helping the aged and depend- 
ent, and exemplifying true Christian 
charity among themselves and all the 
world. And yet, as a secret society in 
politics, and within five hours' ride of the 
city of New York, it takes the premium 
for outlawry over any county in the wild 

What is the history of Fenianism, the 

Clan-na-Gael, the Land League, the 
Knights of the Inner Circle, the Brian 
Boru, etc.? It is not claimed that some 
of these allied societies did not have a po- 
litical object, but none of them claim to 
have any political significance, so far as 
this country is concerned. We shall not 
try to distinguish between them, but pay 
our respects chiefly to the Clan-na-Gael. 

The Chinese have a proverb: "When 
you only the head you see, you can sure- 
ly tell what the tail will be." The above 
societies have a close historical relation, 
and it makes but little difference which is 
called head and which tail. 

About 1873 the Clan-na-Gael became 
the leading Irish society in this country, 
having the liberty of Ireland its professed 
object. Its object was stated to be "The 
freeing of Ireland and the elevating of 
the Irish race." The initiation and oath 
of the society were modeled after the 
Masonic order, and the candidate was 
told that nothing in his obligation was in 
conflict with the duty owed his God, his 
home, his neighbor or himself. 

Alexander Sullivan was Head Center 
of the Fenians for Michigan before he 
came to Chicago, and was a leading man 
in the politics of that State. Mr. Sulli- 
van held that only the division of the 
Irish vote would make them a potent 
power in American politics. (Remem- 
ber the object of this society was to free 
Ireland.) Formerly the Fenian vote had 
been solidly Democratic, but Sullivan di- 
vided it, and Democratic politicians gave 
him the loving title of "Arch Fiend" in 
Irish politics, but President Grant gave 
him a United States Collectorship of In- 
ternal Revenue. Thus was he paid for 
having dupes to be bartered in the po- 
litical market. 

In 1885 the public prints represented 
James G. Blaine as paying high tribute 
to Alexander Sullivan, and one who was 
very close to Sullivan, in the Clan-na- 
Gael, says that in the secret meetings of 
the Brotherhood Sullivan was very active 
in promoting the political advancement 
of James G. Blaine. Another leader of 
this society who was on the Dr. Cronin 
side, Mr. John Devoy, complained in the 
public prints that, though President Har- 
rison owed much to the Cronin side of 
the Clan, he sold out to the Sullivan side 
in order to procure the help of those who 

July, 1899. 



were favorable to Mr. Blaine. Devoy 
boasted that the Cronin side of the Clan 
got even with Mr. Harrison in 1892, by 
helping to swell the tidal wave which 
swept him out of the White House. Both 
sides of the Clan-na-Gael were in Ameri- 
can politics. 

President Harrison paid the Sullivan 
"triangle" for its support by appointing 
the Clan-na-Gael Egan as our minister 
to Chili. A storm of protests went up 
from the public press. And, indeed, no 
patriot would willingly appoint such a 
man, for Egan had fled from England, as 
was generally believed, to escape arrest, 
and trial for complicity in the dastardly 
murder of Burke and Cavendish. Egan 
was a close friend of Alexander Sullivan, 
and his character as well as that of others 
was shown up in no enviable light by the 
revelations made in connection with the 
Cronin trial, and by the British spy, Le 
Caron. At a Clan-na-Gael meeting in 
Philadelphia Egan is quoted as saying: 
"I have been reading up the records of 
the Italian banditti and from these I have 
come to believe in this rule, let us meet 
our enemies with smiling faces, and a 
warm grasp of the hand, having daggers 
up our sleeves ready to stab them to the 
heart." Secret society politics put such 
a man as this into the position of United 
States Minister to a foreign government. 
The reorganized Clan-na-Gael met in 
Philadelphia in September, 1894, claim- 
ing to represent a membership of 100,- 
000, and also declaring themselves to the 
public to be thoroughly opposed to the 
escape of the murderers of Dr. Cronin. 
In their published reports they say, 
"That the murderers of Dr. Cronin are 
perpetually expelled from the order," 
and "justice was defeated" in the trial of 
the Cronin murderers "through corrup- 
tion in the jury box, and debauchery of 
the courts of Illinois, even to the foun- 
tain-head." This is what the reorgan- 
ized Clan-na-Gael say of the Sullivan end 
of the same order. This is the history 
of a secret order whose professed object 
is the "freeing of Ireland," but whose 
real object seems to be "the elevating of 
the Irish race," as a secret political power 
in American politics. 


There is one secret society in this coun- 
try that few would suspect of having any 

influence in American politics. Its ob- 
ject is stated in its manual to be that of a 
benevolent association formed for mu- 
tual protection. 

In New England it has the name of 
"The Society of Righteous Brethren," 
and on the Pacific coast; it bears the name 
of "The Chamber of H|gh Justice." \W 
call the society a namefformerly applied 
to an Irish association — the Highbinders; 
they are sometimes called "Chinese Free- 
masons." They could give the Masons 
a point on some things; for instance, in- 
stead of playing murder and burial, and 
bringing to life as an emblem of the new 
birth, the Chinese candidate simply gets 
down and crawls under the chair or 
bench on which sits the Worshipful Mas- 
ter, or, as they call him, the grandmoth- 
er. And when the Chinaman gets up 
from his crawling, he is said to have been 
born again. The oaths of this benevo- 
lent society are some thirty-five, and are 
in rhyme. A rooster's head is cut off, 
and, as the blood flows, the initiate 
swears eternal fidelity to the order in the 
following words: 

"From rooster's head, from rooster's 

See how the fresh blood flows. 
If loyal and brave my course shall be 
My heirs immortal renown shall see; 
But when base traitor and coward turn I, 
Slain on the road my body shall lie." 

Their headquarters are in San Fran- 
cisco, but they are especially powerful in 
New England. Rev. Frederick J. Mas- 
ters, D. D., has given this subject special 
study, as his opportunities for obtaining 
facts have been exceptionally good. (See 
the "California Illustrated Magazine" for 
January, 1892.) Of the membership of 
the Highbinders, he says: "It is not de- 
nied that there are respectable men en- 
rolled in the Association who would re- 
pudiate deeds of violence. These, most 
likely, joined under a wrong impression; 
but once a member, withdrawal is next 
to impossible. The society's manual 
frankly admits that its members are 
drawn from all ranks of life, rich and 
poor, learned and illiterate, honest men 
and swindlers, banditti of the mountains, 
pirates of the seas, and tramps of the 
public street. At least 20 per cent, of the 
membership belong to the uniformed 
ranks, that is, are salaried fighters, pro- 



July, 1899. 

vided with chain armor, knives, revol- 
vers, iron cudgels, and other weapons of 

The society is subdivided into degrees 
or branches for protecting the gambling 
interests, the traffic in women, as well as 
for many other interests. 

Two of these branch societies raised in 
one meeting $30,000 to protect and de- 
fend the notorious assassin, Lee Chuck, 
one of their number. The name of one 
of these branches is "The Guild for the 
Protection of Virtue," and that of the 
other is "The Guild of Hereditary Vir- 

In the headquarters of the society is a 
£ourt-room, where so-called rebels 
against "the State" are tried and con- 
demned, the presence of the accused at 
the trial not being thought necessary. A 
meeting is then held where the members 
present deliberately select soldiers, 
whose business it shall be to discover the 
ailprit and take away his life. A China- 
man must have more than common cour- 
age to defy the mandates and brave the 
maledictions of the grim tribunal that 
works in the secrecy of darkness, and, in 
the eyes of the Chinese, has more power 
to give effect to its penal decrees than all 
the courts of the United States. 

These bands of criminals have defied 
our laws, and yet some of these branches 
of Highbinders, with high-sounding titles, 
but with devilish purposes, have been in- 
corporated under our laws as Benevolent 
Associations. Who can prove that they 
are not what they profess — benevolent? 
In the failure of the Highbinder soldier 
to assassinate Rev. J. E. Gardner, a 
home missionary on the Pacific coast, 
who had interfered with their traffic in 
women, the subsequent capture of this 
assassin gave to us a Highbinder sol- 
diers' commission, which, to say the 
least, does not sound benevolent. One 
item reads: "It is further stipulated that 
you, in company with your comrades, 
shall exert yourself to kill or wound any- 
one at the direction of this society." 

Rev. Dr. Masters says: "One of the 
worst features of this secret society is its 
mischievous interference with the admin- 
istration of justice. With unlimited 
funds at their disposal to employ counsel, 
suborn perjury, bribe the venal, and em- 
ploy agents to intimidate the other side, 

it is almost impossible to secure the con- 
viction of the criminal around whom this 
unscrupulous society has thrown its 
protecting arms. In proof of this there 
are many instances on record. While 
the Highbinders know how to save their 
friends from the law, they also know how 
to employ the processes of the law to 
fight foes. With sharp, cunning China- 
men, to say nothing of unprincipled 
white men, familiar with the procedure 
of our courts, well versed in the laws of 
evidence, and capable of forging a com- 
plete and invincible chain of evidence, it 
is possible to trump up charges against 
innocent men who have been so unfortu- 
nate as to incur the enmity of this relent- 
less foe. Several visits to the State prison, 
and conversations with Chinese convicts, 
have convinced me that many innocent 
men are languishing in our penal settle- 
ments, the unhappy victims of Highbind- 
er conspiracies. Not only on the Atlan- 
tic and Pacific coasts, but wherever Chi- 
namen have congregated in considerable 
numbers, is the power of this order felt." 


It is a commonplace, to all who are in- 
formed respecting secret societies, that 
they are enemies of free government. A 
man, who is obligated to favor one class 
of citizens and is provided with secret 
means of recognizing them that he may 
do so, can never be fit to hold an office, 
where he is bound to be just toward all, 
to show favors to none. An honest lodge 
man cannot possible be an honest citizen, 
since the obligations conflict he must 
love one and hate the other. 

That this theoretical truth is a practical 
one also has been proved many times in 
the courts of justice. The murderers of 
Ellen Slade, of Dr. Cronin, and of Will- 
iam Morgan all found officers of the law, 
who belonged to their lodges, ready to 
aid them in escaping punishment for their 
crimes. The Knights Templar sheriff of 
Cook County, who carried his brother 
Knight Templar, a convict, five miles 
from jail, after dark, and permitted him to 
escape, acted according to his lodge ob- 

But there is no political organization, 
which states these obvious facts and 

July, 1899. 



nominates candidates, who are free from 
secret oaths. Next to the liquor oli- 
garchy the lodge is probably the most 
potent factor in our politics. While it is 
true that the strong men in a party are 
seldom lodge devotees, yet many of them 
are silent members, and the smaller men, 
who seek for and obtain the lesser offices, 
are very largely indebted to their secret 
orders for their positions. Now, under 
these circumstances, what shall a Chris- 
tion voter do? He wishes to protest 
against these orders, which are ruling 
and ruining our country, but there is no 
•way in which it seems possible to register 
lits judgment in an effective way. 

There is always a temptation to rely 
upon rules and regulations, rather than 
upon God and the faithful performance 
of duty. In churches many pastors and 
members make the possession of a rule 
against lodges an excuse for neglecting 
to testify against them. A church that 
has an honest minister and no rules is far 
better off than one which has a splendid 
code with a coward or a traitor in its pul- 
pit. The early church had, at first, no 
rules, but it had a Ruler. The Holy 
Ghost was in it, and there was, therefore, 
in it power. A self-seeking, time-serving 
ministry will ruin any church, no matter 
what its creed may be. It is just so with 
political parties. A right platform is 
needed, but active, honest, God-fearing 
men are more imperatively required. A 
live man in the Republican or Democrat- 
ic party would do more good than a dead 
one in the American. But what can the 
live man do with no chance to express his 

He can ascertain the facts and turn on 
the light. It is wonderful how little is 
really known by men who talk much. A 
person will tell you that all or nine- 
tenths of the ministers or officeholders in 
a given locality are lodge men, when the 
fact is that not over half of his statement 
is true, and he has taken no steps to find 
out whether it is true or not. Such a 
well-intentioned blunderer injures the 
cause he desires to serve. He creates the 
impression that the cause itself is a lie. 
One who wishes to serve the truth must 
speak the truth and act it. Let our 
friends find by actual inquiry the num- 
ber of lodge men bearing office, or nomi- 
nated to office in their cities, counties and 

States, and publish, not their guesses, but 
the facts. This is the beginning of an 
effective agitation. 

They can then, by lectures, articles in 
local papers, sermons and tracts show 
how incompatible with good citizenship 
and official duty lodgism is. This will 
in some cases, awaken hostility, but if the 
work be done with an eye to God's glory 
and man's good it will bear fruit. If it be 
found true, as in many cases it will, that 
lodge men hold a large share of the of- 
fices, this will aid in calling attention to 
the character of the obligations which 
they assume. Of course, in this discus- 
sion the words of John Q. Adams, Dan- 
iel Webster, Charles Sumner, Wm. H. 
Seward, Wendell Phillips and a host of 
like men in condemnation of the lodges 
should be laid before the people. Recent 
instances of the miscarriage of justice 
through lodge influence will also be 

And then, Christian voters have access 
to God in prayer, and it is not likely that 
this or any other good cause will triumph 
without it. It is an awful mistake to rely 
upon human agencies for doing God's 
work. Instruments are divinely ap- 
pointed and are to be used when God fur- 
nishes them, but often He does not pro- 
vide them, preferring that we rest solely 
on him. In such cases "the sword of the 
Lord and Gideon" will be a far more ter- 
rible sound in the ears of evil doers than 
the thunder of Krupp guns or the rattle 
of Mauser rifles. In our day we are spe- 
cially called to return to God in this re- 
spect. The present situation of our coun- 
try a9 regards intemperance, lodgism, 
political corruption and other evils, is a 
trumpet call to prayer. If God does not 
interfere for us no hand can save us from 
ruin, and all our vain brag and bluster 
will but make our ruin more complete. 

If we are willing to use these means, 
which God has laid to our hand, we may 
expect Him to undertake for us and to 
make the future of our country more 
glorious than all the past. 

There is one place where God is not. 
"God is not in all their (the wicked':) 
thoughts." There is one place where 
Jesus will never be. "If they shall bay 
* * * behold he is in the secret cham- 
ber, believe it not." 



July, 1899. 

The prayerful sympathy of all will go 
out to our venerable friend; ex-President 
John G. Fee, ofBerea, Ky., who has had 
a recent fall, dislocating his shoulder. He 
is slowly recovering. 

Among our callers in June were : Eld. 
J. K. Glassford, of Arizona; Mr. John W. 
Pritchard, of New York City; Revs. J. 
W. McDill, T. P. Robb, J. R. Wylie, anc5 
Messrs. A. F. Reed, J. H. Walkinshaw, 
D. Kilpatric and Mr. McKeon, of Iowa; 
and Rev. J. C. McFeeters, of Philadel- 
phia. . . 

In the article in the May Cynosure, by 
Jacob Ackart, entitled "The Morgan 
Times," he is made to say that he was 
thirteen years old at the time of the Mor- 
gan abduction, and is now in his seven- 
tieth year. The mistake was made by the 
editor in condensing his article. Bro. 
Ackart is now in his seventieth year, and 
was born four years after the Morgan ab- 

"Masonry was introduced into Russia 
from England in 1731, but was opposed 
by the government at times, at others 
protected. In 1822 a decree was promul- 
gated against it and since that time it has 
languished, making no headway." — Ma- 
sonic Chronicle, December, 1898. 

English Grand Lodge Masonry was 
less than twenty years old in 1731. In 
1822 it was only 105 years old. Masonic 
principles are as old as the rebellion 
against the Lord Jesus Christ, but the 
organization is young — less than 200 
years old. 

President McKinley, in returning from 
his recent trip to Hot Springs, stopped 
at Winchester, Va., and visited the hall 
where he was made a Mason during the 
war. What a train of hallowed memories 
and solemn associations must have 
trooped through the President's mind as 
he stood upon the spot where the setting 
maul of Jubelum struck him on the head 
and sent him reeling into the canvas; 
then his possum death game while the 
lights were turned down, and the lodge 
room was shrouded, in gloom, and the 
brethren passed around singing their 
mournful ditty. Doubtless there came 
vividly to his mind the recollection of 

his embarrassing march around the lodge 
room in only his undershirt and drawers 
and the cable-tow around his neck. In 
imagination he could feel again the sharp 
point of the steel compass pressing 
against his naked left breast. Would the 
President ever forget that solemn night? 
But no doubt it was the memory of all 
the political and other honors that came 
to him because of the associations formed 
at that time which gave to the place its 
sacredness. The follower of Christ feels 
a sweet and solemn satisfaction in stop- 
ping off a train and going into the old 
church and viewing the spot where he 
first gave his heart to his Savior, and in 
the fervor of his first love enjoyed his 
first communion season. But what are 
such experiences compared with those 
that thrilled the soul of President McKin- 
ley as he stood in that old Masonic lodge 
room in Winchester. 

"The congress of Chile, South Ameri- 
ca, is composed almost, if not altogether, 
of Masons, the only fraternity or order, 
outside of the Catholic Church societies, 
that flourishes there." — Masonic Chroni- 

Is Masonry worth noticing as a politi- 
cal factor in North as well as in South 

"In India there are Masonic lodges in 
which there is not a Christian member, 
all being Parsees, Brahmins, Mohamme- 
dans and Jews." 

Are the lodges "founded on the Bi- 
ble?" Do the members "believe in a 
God?" What becomes of sundry claims, 
made by some Masons, in the light of the 
above statement by a Masonic organ? 

The Boston Herald of May 22 reports, 
the Odd Fellows annual church parade 
on Sabbath afternoon in that city. They 
were headed by the Cambridge Cadet 
Band, and the Cambridge City Band 
brought up in the rear. They attended 
Dr. Lorimer's Tremont Temple Church 
in a body, occupying the front reserved 
seats with their officers on the platform. 
Dr. Lorimer addressed them, but had no 
reproof for their high-handed, noisy dese- 
cration of the Sabbath. The day was 
rainy and he complimented them highly 
for turning out. He represented their 

July, 1899. 


* i 

order as a revival of human brotherhood 
which started in Europe to offset the 
tyrannical oppression of the middle class. 
He said that he himself had once been 
an Odd Fellow and understood the noble 
work of the order, which he claimed 
stood for friendship. He expatiated on the 
value of friendship and illustrated it by 
the young men and women on Boston 
Common after dusk, the former having 
their arms around the latter's waists. 

by Masonry as a grand opening at home 
and abroad. 

In the same Boston daily is an interest- 
ing account of the 250th anniversary of 
the settlement of Boston by the Puritans, 
those heroic reformers who led that tre- 
mendous historic movement called the 
Protestant Reformation. They were 
called Puritans because they stood un- 
flinchingly for purity — in Christian faith 
and worship, personal character and in 
the administration of church and state. 
They marched like the Israelites of old 
in the way that God led them. Today 
- New England has swung far from the 
high standard of the Puritans, who might 
turn in their graves could they witness 
the awful profanity of secret lodge oaths 
and the fearful Sabbath desecration by 
these lodge processions. How different 
from that first Sabbath these Puritans 
spent moored in an open boat at a desert 
island, under a wintry sleet, refusing to 
spread a sail or touch an oar, because it 
was the Sabbath. 


"The Fraternal Record says that every 
white man employed about the White 
House in Washington is a Mason. The 
policemen, doorkeepers, messengers, and 
even the gardeners and outside help are 
members of the strongest secret organiza- 
tion in the world. The Washington Light 
Infantry, the personal escort of the Presi- 
dent, is strictly a Masonic combination, 
every member of the battalion, rank and 
file, being a Mason. None other need 
apply for admission. Every member of 
the Cabinet, save one, is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity." . 

We wonder if the President's reversal 
of the Civil Service Reform, just when so 
many new places are to be filled in the 
islands east and west, will not be hailed 



An Eastern newspaper reports a court 
decision by which a secret order is oblig- 
ed to pay the life insurance of a deceased 
member. If we remember correctlv suit 
was brought by the widow. 

The conditions of the case are these: 
Insurance, or Lodge Charity, was se- 
cured by the deceased through initiation 
and the payment of money. 

He complied with the conditions in 
such a way as to mature a legal title 
which the court recognized. 

Yet the "fraternal" lodge would not 
recognize it, and refused the purchased 
"charity" to the widow. 

Upon this, a court of law quickened the 
"fraternal" affections of the "brethren." 
In this instance, the "charity" seems to 
be "founded on" the statute book rather 
than "on the Bible." 


Italy is the land of secret societies, 
formed for the purpose of defeating the 
ends of justice, and all attempts to root 
out the evil have been unsuccessful. The 
Mafia, which has often pursued its vic- 
tims even across the ocean, has just given 
another evidence of its vitality in Sicily. 
The daughter of an Englishman was kid- 
napped, and ransomed for $20,000 by her 
father. Four of the conspirators, being 
dissatisfied with their share of the booty, 
were "executed" — buried alive — by order 
of the Mafia "council." Chance led to 
the discovery of their bodies and of some 
circumstantial evidence which enabled 
the authorities to make some important 
arrests. But it is not likely that this will 
bring about a change. 

"Italy is certainly a country of contra- 
dictions. Italy shows the most remark- 
able progress in all arts and sciences; she 
has one of the finest railroad systems in 
Europe; her penal code is probably the 
best and most modern. Yet she remains 
the country of poor, ignorant, enslaved 
masses, of misery and robbery, of the Ca- 
morra and the Mafia. The Mafia, which 



July, 1899. 

holds sway in Sicily, is a very old 'insti- 
tution.' It was formed after the German 
Vehme for the protection of the people 
against powerful lords who exercised 
sway during the countless wars and feuds 
of the Middle Ages. Gradually, however, 
the Mafia became degenerate. It no 
longer sought to serve justice, but defeat- 
ed the ends of justice and terrorized the 
island with robbery and bloodshed. Since 
the sixteenth and seventeenth century, 
the Mafia has been a state within the 
state, taxing everybody. Whoever dares 
to oppose it is severely punished, even 
tortured and murdered. The govern- 
ment did nothing to break up this secret 
society, partly because its own members 
sat in the Grand Council of the Mafia, 
partly because the Mafiosi always op- 
posed Liberalism — not to say that the Si- 
cilian Liberals are any better than the 
Clericals and Mafiosi. The elite of the 
Mafia is formed of the aldermen, priests, 
merchants, lawyers, landlords, officials, 
even judges. The government is power- 
less against it. The courts and the police 
are under its influence. Only a better 
moral education and better economic 
conditions can bring about a change . As 
long as corruption reigns, the Mafia will 
be as flourishing in Sicily as its South 
Italian counterpart, the Camorra, in Na- 
ples." — Translations made for The Liter- 
ary Digest, Vol. 1 6, No. 7. 


(From the Evening Telegram.) 
Tom's River, N. J., Thursday. — About 
Thanksgiving time two years ago the Junior 
American Mechanics attended the Point 
Pleasant Baptist Ohurch in a body at their 
yearly Thanksgiving service. Instead of ex- 
tolling the good that the order has done, Rev. 
H. B. Maurer claimed that its principles were 
in direct opposition to the spirit of the Con- 
stitution of the United States. As the order 
is very strong in the village this caused much 
excitement and alienated many of the pastor's 
warm friends. 

During the absence of the pastor and 
his wife from the parsonage on a short 
visit, a Mr. Johnson and other members 
of the church removed all of the pastor's 
household goods to a warehouse. 

Suppose the liquor men had taken um- 
brage at his remarks in a temperance 
meeting, or suppose the Roman Catho- 

lics had not been pleased with his preach- 
ing, what view would have been taken 
by the community of the proceedings of 
Mr. Johnson? 


The Board of Directors of the National 
Christian Association has organized the: 
work for the year in part as follows : 

W. I. Phillips is continued as General 
Secretary, Treasurer and publisher of the 
Cynosure, with full control of the edi- 
torial work for the present. 

W. B. Stoddard is Eastern Agent, with 
the Middle States as his field. 

Rev. M. A. Gault, who has edited the 
Cynosure for several years, was urged to> 
enter the field as Agent and Lecturer for 
the Central States, with headquarters at 
Chicago, but he felt that his health would 
not be equal to such arduous work just 
now, and that he must rest a while before 
taking up new labors. 

The need for more workers among the 
people is very pressing, and it is hoped 
that Brother Gault may be able to re- 
enter the work in which he was so suc- 
cessful some years ago. It is also hoped 
that arrangements may be made in the 
near future to put Rev. P. B. Williams, 
into the field with good financial back- 

Litigation in respect to funds contrib- 
uted from the Pacific slope hinders a 
definite engagement with Brother Will- 
iams just yet. 

The Board of Directors will co-operate 
with the New England Association and 
its Secretary, Rev. J. P. Stoddard, so far 
as is desired and possible. There are 
several volunteer lecturers who are do- 
ing much for the cause, and the aid of the 
volunteer writers for the Cynosure is also 
very highly appreciated. 

The Board of Directors will continue 
the wise distribution of free literature 
during the coming year — a distribution- 
in the past that has been fruitful of much 

If forms and ceremonies could save the 
world, then the several lodges would 
have saved it long ago. 

The only way to keep your eye 
Christ is to keep it off the world. 


July, 1899. 




There is one feature of secret societies 
which receives comparatively little atten- 
tion, though it is a serious one. Acci- 
dents trifling or severe are apt to occur. 
"That was pretty rough, boys," remarked 
an initiate who supposed that he had 
only been put through an intentional per- 
formance, when he had his foot or ankle 
hurt by the fall of a step ladder. 

College initiations result sometimes in 
physical injuries, sometimes in mental. 
From time to time these are reported, but 
it may be questioned whether they al- 
ways come to light. Death or mental 
ruin are not unknown. 

Masonic initiations have repeatedly 
caused death. The third degree is dan- 
gerous to a person who has heart disease, 
and possibly to one very susceptible to 
nervous shock. Both the third and sev- 
enth degrees have proved fatal. 

A prominent daily newspaper contains 
the following editorial paragraph: 

"Candidates for admission to the secret 
society known as the Modern Woodmen 
are likely to demand a revised and re- 
formed 'ritual' to go into effect at once 
in view of the recent death of an Iowa 
man as a result of his experience during 
initiation. The degree team was using 
a spanking board supplied with blank 
cartridges upon him when the accident 
occurred. The cartridges were supposed 
to explode and terrify the candidate, but 
the wrong end was applied and the paper 
wad entered Focht's thigh and was not 
removed for several days. Meanwhile 
blood poisoning set in and lockjaw en- 
sued, resulting in death." 


Neighbors, Woodmen of America— Please 
accept a word of warning from a loyal Neigh- 
bor Woodman. I want to warn my neigh- 
bors against a' most disgraceful appendage 
that: has in several places been put onto 
camps. It is the "Oriental Degree." For 
moral and social rottenness it has no equal. 
It does not possess even one redeeming fea- 
ture. It robs Woodcraft of its glory and man 
of his manhood. It is low and degrading. 
Its language and signs are too filthy to toe 
used by civilized man. It is casting a stain 
on our once noble order. Woodcraft does not 
stands as high as it did six months ago in 

this community by virtue of the attachment 
of this rotten "Oriental Degree." 

Everybody knows what it is, and as people 
learn it, become disgusted with the Modern 
Woodmen. One^third of this camp will step 
out within the next two months unless this 
degree is put away. 

Neighbors, let a word of advice be given 
you. For the sake of pure manhood, for the 
sake of our noble order, for the sake of your 
firesides, have nothing to do with that moral 
and social rot, "The Oriental Degree." 

Mclntyre, la. A Neighbor. 

The above warning is published in The 
Modern Woodman, an organ of the or- 
der published in Springfield, 111. It is 
duly addressed to his fellow-lodgmen by 
a "loyal" member. The case which it 
treats illustrates one of the grave perils 
incurred by good men who take the early 
degrees of secret orders. Others, influ- 
enced by their example to join, are liable 
to proceed farther and take degrees in- 
volving features most objectionable. 

The writer of this very warning may 
have seen young men whom he brought 
into the degree to which he belongs, pro- 
ceed into the one which he detests. A 
Master Mason has no means of knowing 
that the Entered Apprentice whom he 
helps to initiate will not pass beyond him 
into the bonds of the Royal Arch, where 
he must hide murder and treason, and 
help a murderer or traitor to escape the 
consequences of his crime. He is as 
much outside advanced degrees, and al- 
most as ignorant of them, as if altogether 
initiated, yet is leading others in the di- 
rection of degrees he might refuse to 
take if he understood them. 


More Fatal Initiations. 

The Modern Woodmen Lodge of Hep- 
burn, Iowa, is greatly excited over the 
fatal results of initiating a new member 
into their local order on the night of 
Thursday, May 18, 1899. The applicant 
was a Mr. Frank Focht, who recently 
came to Hepburn from Morton's Mills, 
north of Villisca. One of the instru- 
ments used was a "parent spanker," man- 
ufactured for lodge purposes. The spank- 
ing machine is a paddle with a flapper at- 
tached, which would make a man think 
that he was hit much harder than he real- 



July, 1899. 

ly was. Between the flapper and the board 
the initiators put a blank cartridge with a 
nail to explode it, to scare the candidate. 
During the preparation this spanking 
machine was laid aside for a moment, and 
when it was picked up again, hurriedly, 
the side with the cartridge on was aimed 
toward Focht. The cartridge exploded 
all right, but the empty shell tore loose 
and buried itself in the victim's leg. The 
local paper says that the occurrence is 
one of the most awful things that has 
ever happened in the county, though no 
one is exactly to blame. 

The initiate is to blame, if he knows 
anything about these degrading ceremo- 
nies, and every member of the lodge is 
guilty for using a deadly weapon. It is 
not the first fatal use of this "patent 

The Masonic Chronicle, of Columbus, 
Ohio, in its issue of August, 1898, calls it 
a deadly weapon, when in the hands of 
the careless or ignorant. In commenting 
upon its deadly use on a candidate in To- 
ledo, Ohio, this Masonic paper says lof- 
tily: "There being no foundation upon 
which these minor orders may build, such 
as are made the basis of the principal or- 
ders, silly and many times dangerous ini- 
tiations are indulged in." 

Indeed! Can there be anything more 
silly that was the Masonic initiation of the 
Methodist paston, Johnson, in Hunting- 
ton, W. Va., Jan. 10, 1890, which resulted 
in his death? See the cuts on the last 
page of this number, and declare whether 
any man could do a more silly thing than 
to join the Royal Arch Masons. Rev. 
Johnson straddles a stick to go down into 
a thirteen-foot hole in search of the typi- 
cal "Ark of the Covenant," and in doing 
this most ridiculous act for a full-grown 
man and a minister, he lost his life. Col. 
Enoch T. Carson, one of the most dis- 
tinguished Masons of Ohio, was inter- 
viewed by the Cincinnati Enquirer on the 
death of Rev. Johnson, and it published 
Mr. Carson as saying that the fatal ini- 
tiations into the Masonic lodge "have 
mostly occurred in the Third, or Mas- 
ter's, degree, which you must term the 
most exciting of all." Judging from the 
evidence, the Masonic Chronicle's charge 
is that of the "pot calling the kettle 

Ietu0 of ®ur Pori 

Bro. W. B. Stoddard writes of his suc- 
cesses in Pennsylvania. He has done 
considerable work with good results in 
the eastern central part of the State. This 
section has been largely settled by Ger- 
mans. They are sometimes slow to act, 
but make staunch reformers when con- 
vinced. He is finding open doors among 
the German Baptist brethren in Lan- 
caster County. Sabbath, June 18, was 
spent with the Elizabethtown Church. 
Lectures were arranged to be given in 
this church, which is one of the largest 
in that section, during the week. The 
lodge people were considerably stirred 
when his presence and intentions were 
announced. It is believed much good 
will come from these meetings. 

In the earlier part of the month visits 
were made in Montgomery County. Our 
friends were found, to be in good heart, 
willing to help on the cause with their 
renewal to Cynosure and otherwise. On 
Sabbath, June 11, Bro. Stoddard spoke 
in the Schwenksville Mennonite Church 
in the morning, and in the Greater Ford 
German Baptist Church in the evening. 
The interest here was found to be con- 
siderable. An invitation to dinner and 
a five-dollar gold piece were given by a 
generous friend, whose heart was warm 
with Christian love. The Schwenkfelders 
expressed a desire that Bro. Stoddard 
preach for them as he has in other years. 
They appeared as ever willing to do their 
part in helping on a good cause. 

The "Red Men," or "Big Injuns," as 
the paper called them, for the State of 
Pennsylvania, held their annual gather- 
ing at Lancaster. Many painted their 
faces and dressed after the manner of 
Indians. Difficulty was experienced in 
riding the horses secured for the parade. 
The poor animals were frightened at their 
appearance and had to be blindfolded in 
true Masonic style before they would con- 
sent to let these pretending Indians on 
their backs. How can an enlightened 
Christian view these evidences of human 
depravity without disgust and a desire to 
help such unfortunates to a higher plane 
of living? 

July, 1899. 




Many thanks for your kind words and 
more particularly for the prayers offered 
to our Heavenly Father for me and for 
all co-workers. If ever a man needs 
strength from God it is when working 
.against the forces of the devil. 

I spoke in a Lutheran Church in this 
village, belonging to the United Church, 
Tuesday afternoon, in the Norwegian 
language, but as a number of the towns- 
people asked for it, I was to speak again 
Wednesday evening in the same church. 
Wednesday afternoon we held a meeting 
-out in a country church and when we 
came back we received word that we 
•could not get the village church. For- 
tunately there was a school house in the 
village belonging to our church, the Nor- 
wegian Synod, and I was to speak in it. 

When we came to town we found that 
the hall had been secured, and so I spoke 
there to a full house. After I was 
through there was quite a lively time for 
:a few minutes. A number of Woodmen 
came up to the platform and commenced 
calling me a traitor, liar, and even used 
threats against my person. But after a 
while some of our people came up and 
told them to behave as civilized people, at 
least, and so the excitement abated. This 
forenoon I speak in another country 
•church and this afternoon I go to Rev. 
Krog, Ossian, Iowa. 

I have had very good meetings and 
people seem very interested. 

At Waterville, Iowa, I was told that 
the Woodmen had sent to Waukon for 
'a minister, who was to argue the case 
with me, but he failed to appear. At 
Callendar, Iowa, I spoke to crowded 
"houses, in Norwegian in the morning and 
in English in the evening. At the latter 
meeting, the larger part of the lodge 
members were present, I was told, but 
none had anything to say. At Hayfield, 
Minn., it was also reported that there 
would be a man to refute my statements, 
but he also failed to put in appearance. 

Next Saturday, June 10, I speak in a 
country church, and Sunday afternoon 
here in Virginia, and in the evening at 
Westby. Then I go to Spring Grove, 
Minn., to attend our annual conference, 
and do not speak again before the 24th 
inst., when I am to be in Franklin, Minn., 

with Rev. Rognlie, until the 26th. On 
the 28th and 29th with Rev. Lunde, 
Luverne, Minn. ; on July 2, with Rev. 
Soudreson, Homedahl, Minn. ; and I 
will make further announcements later. 

Rev. M. H. Nichols, formerly our 
agent for a short time on the Pacific 
coast, and now of 125 8th avenue, Seat- 
tle, Wash., writes : I hope that the Board 
of Directors may see their way clear to 
employ Bro. Williams for another year. 
He has done a most evcellent work on 
this coast, and is now well and favorably 
known. This is a specially hard field; a 
hard one in which to find suitable places 
for anti-secrecy meetings; a hard field in 
which to get a hearing, especially if the 
speaker is a stranger; a hard one in 
which to get any financial aid. Brother 
Williams knows the territory, the people 
and the friends of the cause, and how to 
get every dollar that can be raised for 
the work. There is a strong probability 
of his conference, which meets in Ore- 
gon City on the 14th of June, electing 
him to the presiding eldership! I do not 
know enough of their work to know 
whether he would have any spare time 
in that case or not to give to our associa- 

I expect to attend the conference and 
to cast in my lot among them. I think to 
resume ministerial work. I may not 
take an appointment to a charge, but 
work as an evangelist. It may interest 
you to know that two years ago last De- 
cember I was married and have a beau- 
tiful boy eight months old, who can say 
"Papa, papa." 

Rev. P. B. Williams writes from his 
home in Salem, Ore.; 

The ministers of our city are beginning 
to get their eyes open to the encroach- 
ments of the lodge on the church. Rev. 
Ronald McKillop, pastor of the Baptist 
Church, by request, prepared an excel- 
lent address on the lodge and the church 
for our ministers' meeting Monday, the 
15th. The speaker took strong grounds 
against all secret orders, the paper being 
one of the very best I have ever heard. 
Their plan is for the secretary to call the 
roll, and each minister arises and ex- 
presses his views on the paper. I am glad 
to report that all but three of the minis- 



July, 1899. 

ters expressed themselves decidedly op- 
posed to the orders, and in sympathy 
with the paper. 

Dr. Parsons, of the M. E. Church, 
said: "I am not a member of any secret 
order. Have been an Odd Fellow and a 
Good Templar. Saw nothing in Odd 
Fellowship to hinder spirituality." After 
saying the above, he took rather strong 
grounds in favor of the paper, and against 
Christians being identified with the or- 
ders. Mr. Pratt,' United Evangelist, said : 
"I am prepared to say that some of the 
statements of the paper are untrue." But 
he utterly failed to point out one mis- 
statement. I think before the meeting 
closed he would have spoken differently 
had he been called out. 

Rev. Royal, of the M. E. Church, 
South Salem, Ore., took strong grounds 
against all lodges. 

Dr. Ketchum, of the Presbyterian 
Church, spoke the strongest in favor of 
the paper and against the secret orders. 
He said: "I would as soon join the Mo- 
hammedans as the Masons. I would think 
of joining any other heathenism as a 
Christian as quickly as join the Odd Fel- 

Rev. Shupp, pastor of the Evangelical 
Association, said : "I am a member of the 
A. O. U. W.'s, but have been thinking 
seriously of quitting them." Said he was 
never in the lodge except in the night, he 
was initiated. He said he was in it purely 
for the insurance. He spoke out in 
strongest language against secret socie- 
ties, and their awful influence against the 

Mr. Henderson, Congregationalist, the 
president of the Association, spoke as 
mildly as possible in favor of the lodges. 
Rev. Evans, of the Christian Church, de- 
nounced in strong terms the whole brood. 
He is a strong young man, and I could 
not help admiring the manly stand he 
took. He preaches against the lodges in 
his church. 

After all had spoken I was invited to 
speak. The city clock struck 12 as I 
arose. I held them thirty minutes, and 
put some strength into the backbone of 
those who were inclined to be weak. 
They all greeted me kindly at the close, 
and thanked me for my address. It was 
very timely. As the Grand Lodge of Odd 
Fellows met the next day in the ^ty, 

these pastors could have a practical 
knowledge of the worldliness of the se- 
cret orders. 

On this coast they all (unless it be the 
Good Templars) have their dances and 
balls. Christians cannot be connected 
with them and be innocent. This fact is 
coming more and more to the front. 

P. B. Williams. 

Mrs. H. E. Powers, under date of May 
28th, writes from Enosburg, Vt. : 

I want to thank those who have so 
kindly and opportunely aided the work of 
the Beacon Light Mission. It is meet 
that they know how the battle goes. 

I received a Macedonian call from Sis- 
ter Giddings to come to this place. I 
spread the letter out before the Lord and 
asked Him if the call was from Him to 
confirm it by sending my railway fare in 
two days. The money came unsolicited. 

I found Mrs. G. a most untiring work- 
er in the distribution of literature, and in 
faithful warnings. What this lone widow 
has accomplished for God and humanity, 
while struggling with the cold winds of 
adversity, and rearing her three beautiful 
children, amid the fires of lodge persecu- 
tion that has no parallel, can only be 
known when the balance sheet is struck 
off in heaven. Such heroism I have not. 
met with before. 

I find the only pastor here who has not 
been cable-toed by the secret foe is an 
ex-presiding elder, a Methodist and a 
very sincere man, but unacquainted with 
our work. 

An evangelist has just lectured here to 
secret societies, upholding them as su- 
perior to the church. His arguments were 
weak and without foundation. Among 
other things he said, "If we have made a 
mistake in taking obligations we turn to. 
God and the responsibility is not ours." 

He hoped the time would come when 
every church would have a hole in the 
door, and a password, and oblige every 
one who entered to take an oath that he 
would stand by the church and minister. 
He is a member of eighteen secret socie- 

I gave him my card with a challenge to- 
meet me on the platform for a fair discus- 
sion of the subject. If he accepts you will 
hear from us. 

Efforts are being made to secure a hall 
or church for me to reply to him. 

July, 1899. 



Sett) toglanii fetter. 


Lodge Marriage Ceremonies. 

What the papers chronicle as "a unique 
event" took place recently in People's 
Temple in this city, when the Knights of 
Malta attended a wedding in a body "for 
the first time in Boston." The bride and 
groom as they neared the chancel were 
saluted with drawn swords by the brother 
knights of the groom. The new pastor 
at the Temple, Rev. L. H. Dorchester, 
who has succeeded the somewhat erratic 
Dr. Brady — also a Mason of high degree 
— performed the ceremony, after which 
both the high contracting parties passed 
down the aisle, walking under an arch of 
steel formed by the Sir Knights of the 
commanderies. When the lodge mar- 
ries, as well as christens and buries, how 
can it be considered otherwise than as a 
religion — a usurper of the perogatives of 
the church, and thereby affording one 
more indisputable evidence of being the 
Man of sin, "who sits in the temple of 
God showing himself that he is God?" 

Masonic Brewer8. 

An item of news has lately come out 
that sheds much light on the question so 
frequently asked by unthinking people, 
how Masonry can play any particular 
part in protecting the rum trade in Bos- 
ton, when the great majority of the liquor 
dealers are Irish Romanists. This latter 
class are supported to a large extent by 
the great wholesale firms, who are, what- 
ever may be said of the smaller fry, high 
Masons to a man, besides belonging to 
other secret orders. One such firm in 
this city paid into the municipal treasury 
$43,000 in one payment for the licenses 
of small retailers which they held and 
controlled. And there are others not far 
behind. Thus it will be seen how easily 
the protecting aegis of Masonry can be 
thrown around those who are outside of 
its pale. The license money for the city 
of Boston a few days ago, not counting 
no licenses not yet paid in, amounted to 
$1,282,115. This is the gilded pill that 
our municipality swallows yearly, mak- 
ing the whole head sick and the whole 
heart faint with the crime, misery and po- 
litical corruption which it engenders. 

Catholic Masons. 

The confident affirmation that "Cath- 
olics cannot be Masons" is not heard 
quite as often as formerly. Still there 
are many with whom it is yet an article 
of belief, even though the opposite fact 
is constantly leaking out — and from Ma- 
sonic sources. For instance, the Tyler 
of May 15 has an article under the sig- 
nificant title "Catholics drifting towards 
Masonry," while in another issue of this 
paper (the leading organ of the craft, now 
that the Voice of Masonry has suspend- 
ed) a writer in an Australian journal is. 
quoted as saying that "taking the world 
through there are more Catholic than 
Protestant Masons." This is without 
doubt an exaggeration, but facts are mul- 
tiplying on every hand to prove that Ma- 
sonry knows no dividing line in religion 
or in politics, but freely joins every party, 
every organization, that it mav control 

May Endanger Government. 

The stories told by Curtis Guild, one 
of Boston's prominent citizens, at the late 
annual meeting of the Springfield lodge^ 
as reported in the Republican of that city, 
give abundant if unconscious evidence 
on this point. 

Many years ago, when traveling in 
Italy, the father of Mr. Guild was present 
at a banquet of leading Italians, among 
whom was Gen. Garibaldi, both 32d-de- 
gree Masons. The latter found oppor- 
tunity to secretly communicate to Mr. 
Guild that the Revolutionary army would 
soon surround the city, and he had bet- 
ter leave the country, which he prompt- 
ly did. Other stories were told by him of 
his experience when on the staff of Gen. 
Fitzhugh Lee, showing the fellowship of 
Masonic Spanish officers with their Ala- 
sonic American brethren on the con- 
tested soil of Cuba. 

While we are on this subject, and as 
Admiral Dewey furthermore is a New- 
Englander, born and bred, perhaps the 
following story from an after-dinner 
speech of Gen. John Corson Smith, 53d 
degree Mason, of Chicago, at a lodge 
banquet in Dublin, Ireland, and reported 
in the Irish Figaro, may not be inappro- 
pos as corroborative of these statements. 
After remarking that "others had said that 
there was no telling what great good may 
come to each country by reason of these 



July, 1899. 

Masonic interchanges of sentiment and 
the presence of brethren from foreign 
governments and countries," he went on 
to state that he had in mind some of those 
influences that are at work] and knew of 
one. At the commencement of our late 
trouble with Spain, Dewey was on the 
-coast of China. He required some re- 
pairs for his ships, but the laws of neu- 
trality forbade him to remain in any port 
of a foreign government over twenty- 
four hours. "Yet a silent influence was 
there," to quote from Gen. Smith, and 
some of Dewey's ships "remained at 
Hong Kong and thereabouts, and re- 
ceived the repairs that were necessary 
without bringing trouble between the 
governments." Captain Coughlan, by 
the way, who made that indiscreet 
-speech on board the Raleigh, is a high 
Mason, which may possibly be the rea- 
son why his brother Mason, the Kaiser, 
•did not press matters to a disagreeable 

Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter. 

In fact, it is high time Masonic speech- 
ifiers received a gentle tip from their su- 
periors to the effect that they are talk- 
ing altogether too much ; and perhaps 
one of the chief sinners in this regard, if 
his ecclesiastical standing is considered, 
is the Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter, bishop 
of the diocese of New York, whose ad- 
dress before the Blazing Star Lodge of 
Concord, N. H., on its one hundredth an- 
niversary is reported in the Monitor of 
that city in its issue of June x . As might 
"be expected, it was a refined, cultured, 
graceful effort, chiefly remarkable for its 
admissions. Bishop Potter began by 
giving a kind of "impressionist" view of 
Masonry, admitting that though some- 
thing akin to the order might have ex- 
isted in Solomon's day, "its continuity or 
perpetuation is something which cannot 
he shown ;" then advancing down to 
medieval times, when the masters of the 
lodges were bishops and abbots, and later 
Jesuit priests, and "popes and bishops 
finding that they could not control and 
regulate the lodges as they pleased * * ■* 
the note became one of crimination and 
condemnation." But admitting the early 
relations of the Beast to the Mother of 
harlots is not the worst. One is tempted 
to seriously query whether Bishop Pot- 
ter should not be subjected to Masonic 
discipline for saying not only that he 

"wishes- the formulae could be recast in 
less severe and 'menacing forms," but 
that a Mason does not need to be made 
to perform his vows by "oaths which be- 
long to the times and customs of the 
Spanish inquisition."' It is not every day 
that Masonry can obtain for her special 
advocate a man of the high religious and 
social standing of Bishop Potter, and it 
is certainly not every day that profane 
outsiders can receive such distinguished 
confirmation of what John Quincy 
Adams and other anti-Masonic writers 
have stated regarding the horrible and 
blood-curdling nature of the oaths ; such 
an admission that Masonic penalties be- 
. long in the same list with the once so 
carefully hidden secrets of the Inquisi- 
tion, with its torture chamber of horrors, 
that we of to-day have scarce the nerve 
to read or hear about! 

But. the most deeply interesting part of 
the Bishop's address was its close, in 
which he recommends that "to the de- 
grees of Blue Lodge Masonry, as they 
now stand, shall be added another, "to be 
designated Neophyte, Postulant or Can- 
didate for Masonry, with no vows but of 
the simplest kind, and no ritual but of the 
most elementary character, standing first 
for brotherhood, then for citizenship," 
and "in connection with the latter a sol- 
emn and impressive service and ritual 
every Independence Day, by means of 
which every youth who was a member 
of the order and looking forward to the 
several degrees of historic Masonry, 
should, if since the previous Fourth of 
July he had reached the age of 21, open- 
ly recognize and publicly take upon him 
as a man of full age the sacred obliga- 
tions of citizenship." And all under the 
auspices of Freemasonry ! 

This fine scheme carried out and the 
youth of our land gathered into such a 
Masonic training school, and what may 
we not expect ? 

It is strange that skepticism is rampant 
among the working classes- — that they 
have begun to lose faith in pastors and 
churches? And what share, it may be 
pertinently asked, will such distinguished 
clergymen as Bishop Potter and Dr. Lor- 
imer have in bringing about the result, 
if, watered by the blood of her own chil- 
dren, the dragon's teeth thus planted in 
Columbia's soil spring up some day in a 
terrible harvest? 

Boston, Mass. 

July, 1899. 



§nx @ue$ttott frames 

If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Q. If the Masonic ritual means what 
it says, by what authority does Rpnayne 
interpret it otherwise? S. T. L. 

A. I interpret the Masonic ritual Ma- 
sonically, or, in other words, according 
to its symbolic teaching. Everything — 
man or matter — animate or inanimate — 
inside the four walls of a Masonic lodge 
is a symbol and nothing else, so that the 
degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow- 
craft, and Master Mason are known 
among the craft as "symbolic Masonry,/' 
Hence, when the ritual speaks of the Bi- 
ble, a symbol of God's will is meant ; 
when God is spoken of the name is used 
as a symbol. The lodge itself is a symbol 
of the world ; its officers and members are 
symbols of the sun, moon and planitary 
.system. In fact, everything in ancient 
Masonry is a symbol, and therefore, ac- 
cepting die statement of the ritual in its 

literal sense, is missing altogether 
eaning. In the 
the ritual said 



'Ancient M 

teries " the ritual said one thing, but 
meant something else ; so in Masonry. — 

Q. Is not an ideal home a secret so- 
ciety? A Mason. 

A. It is not. There is no parallel what- 
ever between an ideal home and an al- 
leged secret society. We say alleged be- 
cause the only secret society in the world 
to-day is the Order of Jesuits, and that 
is very different from an "ideal home." 
In an ideal home there is no "peep-hole'' 
in the door, there arc no concealed grips, 
signs, passwords ; no visitor is pledged to 
secrecy, and to say that the confidential 
relationship between the members of a 
family is in any sense similar to what ob- 
tains in an alleged secret society is miss- 
ing the meaning of simple English words. 
A secret society is generally regarded 
with suspicion, an ideal home commands 
the profoundest respect. 

How can men who were never initiated 
into a secret society know anything about 
its secret work? An Odd Fellow. 

A. The members themselves give it 
away, cither in their cups or confidentially 
to friends. Thomas Carlile of England, 
though never initiated, published every 

tittle of the Masonic secret work in 1825, 
and gives this explanation of how he re- 
ceived it: "It has been communicated 
to me by Masons ; it has been confirmed 
by other Masons," and it is to-day and 
has been since its publication, "the Stand- 
ard Manual of Masonry" of the English 
and colonial lodges. 

Every Grand Lodge has the "secret 
work" written out in an easy cipher, to 
which access can be had in various ways: 

Masonry has been frequently revealed 
in the courts, from 1826 to 1832, and by 
a convention of adhering Masons in July, 

Some of the most honorable and godly 
men in the country, who were once Free 
Masons, have fully revealed and explain- 
ed all the alleged mysteries of the Ma- 
sonic system. In a word, the alleged se- 
cret societies are known because they 
cannot be kept secret. 

Q. How are the Masonic oaths illegal ? 

J. McM. 

A. First, because they are adminis- 
tered illegally. No Masonic officer has 
the least authority to administer an oath. 

Second. Because the candidate binds 
himself to something of which he is sup- 
posed to be ignorant. 

Third. Because they bind a man to 
conceal all crimes committed by a Ma- 
son, except two, murder and treason, and 
hence a Mason is denied the right to "tell 
the truth, the whole truth and nothin 
but the truth" in a court of law. 

Fourth. Because in obeying the Mas- 
ter Mason's oath a Masonic juror is de- 
nied the right of bringing in an honest 
verdict, when he sees the distress sign 

Fifth. Because they bind a man to a 
mode of death by assassination too hor- 
rible to speak of, much less to indict. 

Sixth. Because they are unconstitu- 
tional, as "no man can be deprived <>f life, 
liberty and property, except by due 
process of law." 

Q. 16 it not true that the philosophy 
of Masonry is old?' H. E. K 

A. Yes. it is old. The Masonic phil- 
osophy is identical with that inculcated in 
the "Ancient Mysteries." or secret wor- 
ship of paganism. In Ezekiel viii. the 
Tammuz of verse 14 is the Hiram Abiff 
of Masonry. Lodges are Only as old as 



July, 1899. 

1 71 7. The philosophy of Masonry is as 
old as Cain and Tubal Cain. 

Q. What explanation if any can be 
given for the multiplication of secret so- 
cieties in our day? E. D. R. 

We leave this question open and in- 
cite answers from our correspondents, 
giving briefly what they think is the rea- 
son why secret associations have so won- 
derfully multiplied within the last twenty 

I tie Dome ani) tlje JMge 


"He that doeth truth cometh to the light." — 
John 3: 21. 

To the many who in past years have 
-enjoyed it, we trust that the renewal- of 
the home department of the Christian 
Cynosure under this new name, The 
Home and the Lodge, will be pleasant 
and helpful ; and to many homes where 
the Cynosure rays have never reached 
before, we pray that it may prove a 
source of strength and blessing. 

All true religion, all just government 

began in the home. In the beginning of 

;the human race the husband and father 

was priest and king in his own house; 

;and he was amenable to God alone, from 

whom he received his authority. 

To-day the strength and stability of 
:any government depends directly upon 
the state of its homes. Are its homes re- 
ligious, pure, well-ordered, that na- 
tion is invincible. Are its homes places 
where irreligion and misrule prevail, 
such a nation falls an easy prey to its 
enemies — nay, it will fall to ruin by its 
own vices. 

ome as a Manufactory. 

In making weapons of war, there are 
certain processes which each instrument 
must undergo, as tempering, polishing, 
testing. So in fitting men for his service 
in the great moral conflicts of the world, 
in the struggle between good and evil, 
between light and darkness, God has or- 
dained that each individual must be de- 
veloped to some extent in the home, and 
rsince this is true, it is not strange that 
Satan aims his keenest arrows and places 
his most deceitful, his most invidious 
.snares, around this safeguard of our race. 

Faith in God, and a loving confidence 
between the members of a family are 
essential to its life. Take away a living 
faith in the providential care of our heav- 
enly Father, and men grope blindly and 
reach out' to grasp some safe port ; and 
spend their days vainly trying to provide 
for those dependent upon them. Destroy 
the loving confidence which God intend- 
ed should always unite husband and 
wife, and that most blessed relationship 
becomes almost intolerable — a cup more 
bitter than gall. 

A brief extract will show how secret 
societies teach men to distrust God and 
to rely on the lodge for support in times 
of trial, sickness and death. 

From Ritual Modern Woodmen. 

The Worthy Adviser of the Modern 
Woodmen, in response to the question, 
"What is to become of our loved ones 
when we are laid in the silent tomb?'' 
says : "Organization is the breath to the 
life of culture and progress. * * * Go 
straightway and be adopted as Neigh- 
bors in a camp of Modern Woodmen, 
and your fears shall dissipate like the 
morning vapors. Your arms will be 
nerved to greater endeavors, and fore- 
bodings will give way to feelings of con- 
fidence, peace, and joy." 

Must Maintain Mutual Confidence. 

It is so plain that it is only necessary 
to state that though no sane man ex- 
pects, or wishes, his wife to tell him ev- 
erything she knows, though it is no 
grievance to a faithful wife that at night 
her husband does not repeat to her ver- 
batim every conversation which he has 
taken part in during the day. Secret So- 
cieties do necessarily promote discord 
and estrangement when they pledge a 
man to keep secrets for men or women 
lodge members, which he may not di- 
vulge to his wife ; or by binding a wife 
to keep secret, from her husband, affairs 
which she may discuss with other men. 


'When you hear a brother kicking 
about everything the lodge has done, you 
may safely wager two to one that he does 
not attend often enough to remember the 
password." — O. F. Companion. 

An ex-Odd Fellow writes : "That is the 
kind of a kicker I am. The kicking tribe 
is increasing." 

July,. 1899. 




The Woman's Christian Temperance 
ance Union of the Eighth District, at a 
meeting held in Elgin, 111., in Septem- 
ber, 1897, passed the following resolu- 
tion : 

''Resolved, That the rapid increase of 
societies which promote distrust and es- 
trangement in the home by pledging hus- 
bands to secrecy from their wives, wives 
from their husbands, and children from 
their parents ; which absorb millions of 
dollars annually and take the time and 
thought of thousands of men, thus rob- 
bing the church and the reforms of our 
time of their financial and moral support, 
is just occasion for alarm." 

We are glad to record the above. 
Would it not be an excellent thing for 
the'W. C. T. U. to consider whether or 
not the charge is true that "Secret So- 
cieties shield the liquor traffic. " 


The desperate effort which is being 
made just now to draw women and chil- 
dren into secret societies — while in its im- 
mediate effect it is greatly to be deplored 
— is a cheering sign, for it shows that 
Satan (the lodge god) "has come down, 
having great wrath, for he knoweth that 
Tie hath but a short time." 

"The Junior Odd Fellows," the "Inde- 
pendent Order of Abstainers," the "Com- 
ing Men of America," etc., are simply 
traps set for the feet of the young to draw 
them into the snare early that they may 
be held more securely. 

According to the Chicago Record, a plan 
lias been started among some of the leading 
Oddfellows of that city to form a Junior 
Order, taking in boys under 21, and it is ex- 
pected that the movement will spread rapidly 
throughout the United States. 

One of the originators, a lawyer by the 
name of Jones, said to a reporter: "Develop- 
ment and dnvigoration of Oddfellowship are 
the purposes for which the junior order is 
to be formed. It is said that the attendance 
at the lodge meetings of Oddfellows is not 
satisfactory, and that in some localities the 
membership is decreasing. The promoters of 
the new idea hope to get a hold upon boys and 
educate them to be good Oddfellows." 

Mr. Jones further said that there would be 
two degrees in the order, one of purity and 
one of patriotism; that by it "we hope to win 
many boys to decency and to love of the flag 

... to take them away from the vaudeville 
and lighter forms of entertainment . . . 
and teach them early in their lives a lesson of 

This night school of secrecy for American 
boys is to celebrate its opening by a grand 
ball— certainly an admirable way to begin 
these "serious" teachings. God help our 
country when the stars and stripes are made 
a cloak for secret combinations into which 
its youth are drawn on pretense of teaching 
them patriotism and love of the flag. And 
you, mothers, who would not have your boys 
spend their evenings in these lodge schools, 
from which you are barred out, learning ' 
"purity" from the lips of unknown men who 
may be adepts in all vice, wake up and find 
out for yourselves what the lodge is and what 
it purposes to do with your sons.— Home 


Almost every home has children in it, 
and we hope every child who can read 
will be interested in the Home part of 
the Cynosure. 

Cynosure is the name of the North 
Star. Can you look up at night and tell 
the north star from the other stars? If 
not, ask your father or mother to show 
it to you. 

Now, all that the cynosure does in the 
sky is to give light, and you know, dear 
children, that Jesus said to his followers, 
"Let your light shine." When on earth 
Jesus loved and blessed little children. 
Now all children should love and obey 

How many of you little folks would 
like to scatter the light of truth by circu- 
lating and getting people to sign a paper 
like this: 

"We believe that Christians ought 
never to join secret societies?" 

Because they are commanded not to 
have fellowship with works of darkness: 
but to reprove them. (Eph. 5: 11). 

And because Jesus said, "Every one 
that doeth evil hateth the light — but he 
that doeth truth com^th to the light." 
(Jno. 3: 20, 21.) 

And because he said, "I spake openly 
to the world, * * * and in secret have 
I said nothing," and "If any man serve 
me let him follow me." 

There are two special reasons why the 
Cynosure believes that it would do much 
good if this little paper could be read in 



July, 1899. 

every home. • Those who know and love 
the truth could, by signing it, testify for 
the right and against evil, and we ought 
to be witnesses in the world; and a great 
many who never thought about it before, 
if asked to sign would begin to think 
what Jesus would do about these lodges 
if he were here. 

The Cynosure would be glad to hear 
from the young people who are on the 
Lord's side, and who are willing in His 
strength to stand as opposed to the hosts 
,of darkness. 

Please think this over, and if you will 
help in this good work write soon to 
Home Department of the- Christian 



East Springport, Mich. 

In May, 1893, I was a resident of 
Ellensburg, Washington, and had been 
since early in 1887. 

One morning on the street a member 
of the Knights of Pythias said to me: 
"Clem, don't you want to join the K. of 
P.'s? Our lodge is running down on 
account of some of the boys going away 
and we want to built up again. We have 
reduced the initiation fee for -a limited 
time to make it an object for the boys to 
come in, and it will only cost you $15 
now, while if you wait until later it will 
cost you about double that." 

I made out an application ; felt highly 
honored to be a candidate for such a 
noble order ; went home and explained 
to my wife how it would make us better 
known to Lawyer So-and-So and Judge 
So-and-So, and how it would better in- 
troduce us into society, and all that sort 
of thing. She thought it would be all 
right. Poor woman ! Little did she 
think how many evenings she would 
have to be alone, while I would be at 
lodge having a good time with the boys. 

When I took the first degree and be- 
came a Page there were about fifteen of 
us, so the skeleton in the coffin did not 
look quite so weird as it would had I 
been alone. I took the second degree 
and became an Esquire and was dropped 

on the floor, while all was dark except 
that "Caution" in great red letters. I 
realized that I was getting well acquaint- 
ed with Lawyer So-and-So and Judge 

In the third degree, when put to the 
test, I was not a brave man, but I had to 
go down upon those solid spikes of rub- 
ber (supposed to be steel) just the same. 
Of course, alk these transactions in the 
different degrees was for my especial 
benefit, and not for the amusement of 
others ! 

The lodge grew in numbers under the 
special low rate and was called among the 
best. The boys used to meet in good 
season before lodge time and joke and 
smoke and gossip, and tell the latest un- 
holy stories, and among other things, 
profanity was always above par, until the 
lodge was called to order. 

I traveled a good deal after I became 
a Knight, and when I met anyone who 
was a Knight, although an entire 
stranger, I felt we were old friends. 

I was at that time a railroad conductor,, 
and Lawyer So-and-So and Judge So- 
and-So used to like to ride with me on a. 
slow freight train. Was this because I 
was a brother Knight? It was because 
I was not honest with the company, and 
they could ride with me on a short fare,, 
and thus the brother Knights encour- 
aged me to be dishonest, after having 
taught me to be cautious in all things. 
Among this class of patrons was one who 
was an Episcopalian pastor and a Knight. 
What a beautiful lesson he was teaching 
me, and of course if I lost my position 
by my dishonesty I would certainly have 
the sympathy of my brave brother 
Knights, who had encouraged me in this 
nefarious business. 

When I was one of them I was a world- 
ly man, and looked to the world for all 
my enjoyment, so of course the Knights 
suited me first-rate. But now came a 
change. On Sunday, Nov. 10, 1895, be- 
ing sorely burdened with sin, I sought 
and found the Savior. On Monday, 
Nov. 11, I visited a K. P. lodge in St. 
Joe, Mich., and for the first time in my 
lodge experience found that I was out 
of place. O, how different it all looked 
to me then ! This seemed to be shown 
me, that it was not right for me to be- 
long to an order' of this nature. 

July, 1899. 



I prayed God for light on this subject, 
and my prayer was answered. Thank 
God ! One Sunday in the early part of 
January, 1896, I was in Homer, Mich., 
and in class meeting listened to the testi- 
mony of Bro. J. J. Tucker, of Spring 
Arbor, Mich., in which he told how the 
Lord had taken him out of Masonry. I 
met Bro. Tucker in the afternoon, and 
he soon convinced me by the Scriptures 
that I was indeed out of place, and after 
we had held a prayer service I promised 
him before a witness that I would with- 
draw from the K. of P. Before going 
to bed that night I promised God that I 
would sever my .connections with the K. 
of P., and that I would never affiliate my- 
self with another secret society. 


In regard to the Woodmen of the 
World and J. C Root. I joined the 
Woodmen of America (I think in 1888), 
at Phillipsburg, Kansas, but leaving there 
and going to Missouri, and from there to 
Niles, Michigan, I had in the meantime 
been dropped from the rolls for non- 
payment of dues; but when Michigan was 
taken into the jurisdiction a deputy came 
there and I assisted him in organizing a 
nice camp of twenty-two charter mem- 
bers. I was elected Secretary, and later 
on Venerable Counsel. I also helped in- 
stitute camps at Dowagiac and at sev- 
eral other points. 

A great deal of correspondence passed 
between Mr. Root and myself, and I will 
confess that I had come to think Mr. 
Root a very much abused man, when he 
was attacked so unmercifully by the Chi- 
cago press, and Dr. McKinney. 

When he started the Woodmen of the 
World I lost no time in applying for a 
commission to organize a camp at Niles; 
it was granted, and I succeeded in organ- 
izing with thirty-two charter members, 
and the new order was composed of a 
great many members of the old lodge of 
the Woodmen of America. I had select- 
ed as examining physician a Dr. Smith, 
whom I did not know very well, and who 
proved to be a regular whisky soak, and 
of course like begets like, and he passed 
a great many of his kind, both as to 
drinking and hereditary consumption. 
Mr. Root came to adjust the death losses. 

I spoke to him about it, but he gave me 
to understand that it was numbers the 
order 1 wanted, and tha: Dr. Smith was all 
right. When we went to the Pike House 
to make the final proofs, there were mem- 
bers there in his presence so drunk they 
could hardly talk, but Mr. Root never of- 
fered even a reprimand. He even offered 
me a drink of whisky from his own bottle 
in his room, which he declared to be a 
superior quality, but I declined with 
thanks. You may rest assured that all 
this was not calculated to inspire confi- 
dence and respect in me in the "Father 
of Woodcraft," and I very frankly told 
him so. 


Cleveland, Ohio. 
"The consequence was, friends, I dis- 
carded the whole business, even secret 
societies. I knew at once I had to give 
them up. I had to come right out from 
among them. My whole insurance was 
in the lodges. It was not a question for 
me to decide because I would never re- 
ceive any benefit ; so I made this propo- 
sition to my wife : T cannot have any- 
thing more to do with lodges, but this is 
not a question for me to settle. The 
money that is invested there is for you 
and my dear boy. I am through with 
lodges ; I shall take no more part in 
them. It is left entirely in your hands. 
If you wish to keep up the lodges in your 
own benefit, it is in your power. As a 
member of them I am distinctly out of 
them/ She did not hesitate long. She 
said: Tf you can afford to get along 
without them I can.' — From Leaves of 
Healing, May 27, 1899. 

"The Shrine is a modern adjunct to 
American Masonry. If negroes belong 
to it they can certainly claim no ancient 
authority for so doing. They are, or 
claim to be, Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, etc. They ape the uniform and 
no doubt copy the ceremonies of the 
whites, though by none of these orders 
are they acknowledged as legitimate." — 
Masonic Grand Lodge Committee Re- 
port, published in the Masonic Chronicle. 

If "they no doubt copy the ceremo- 
nies" the question is, how they got hold 
of such undiscoverable secrets to copy 



July, 1899. 

torn ©tor StatL 

I have preached at Dexter, and at Ran- 
som ; but next week, Tuesday, June 6, 
we shall have the Wahpeton conference 
at Dexter. I expect after that to take a 
field for the season. As ever your broth- 
er in Christ, S. F. Porter. 

Lidgerwood, N. D. 

I thank God that I ever come to 
know of the N. C. A. and the glorious 
work in which they are engaged. Oh, 
had I had been acquainted and informed 
of the work twenty-five years ago as I 
am now ! It would have been an era in 
my life that I might have been a better 
worker in my Master's service. God 
bless, guide and direct you is my prayer, 

A, J. Millard. 

Little Rock, Ark. 

Rev. J. K. Glassford, of Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, has spoken several times this year 
on Freemasonry, taking the ground that 
it is a system of falsehood and educates 
men to be practical liars. 

He and his faithful wife have recently 
arrived at a daughter's in Chicago. Mrs. 
Glassford's health is very frail, and I be- 
speak for our brother and his wife the 
sympathy and prayers of the readers of 
The Cynosure. 

Wm. I. Phillips— Dear Brother: The 
anti-secret reform is steadily moving for- 
ward in spite of the opposition. Just yes- 
terday, in conversation with a fourth de- 
gree Mason, he said, "I am no more a 
Mason," and discussed with me the se- 
crets of Masonry just the same as if we 
had always been brothers in the lodge to- 
gether. John Helfrich. 

Larwill, Ind., June io, 1899. 

I am pleased to see in the June Cyno- 
sure that two of our church brethren, 
viz., Revs. Remersma and Groen, are tak- 
ing an active part to wage war against 
the lodge question, and may the Great 
Head of the church command his bless- 
ing upon your labors, but let us not for- 
get that the effectual prayer of the right- 
eous availeth much. B. Breen. 

Paterson, N. J. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

It will be hardly possible for me to be 
present at the annual meeting or to act 
as a member of the board. Will you be 
kind enough to tender to the board my 
best wishes and thanks for their gener- 
ous consideration while I was with them. 
The brethren will always have my sin- 
cere sympathy in their noble work for 
light and freedom and against darkness 
and moral slavery. 

J. E. ROY. 

Chicago, III. 
The annual meeting of the N. C. A., 
comes May 10, just at a time when I 
shall be out on a tour through Missouri, 
Kansas and Iowa, in attendance upon 
State associations, and so it will be im- 
possible for me to be present, for which 
I am sorrv. 


Wheaton College. 
I will take this occasion to add that 
while other duties will probably prevent 
my attending the annual meeting, they 
will not destroy my interest in nor pre- 
vent my praying and giving for the N. 
C. A. I see little hope for the future of 
our church and state, if its principles are 
completely forgotten or ignored. 


1618 West Second street. 

Dayton, Ohio. 
I would so much like to interview you 
all as to certain work we ought to unite 
to do in the near future to make our-* 
selves more forcibly felt. We could do 
so by projecting a movement interde- 
nominational and fraternal, that would 
enlist above two- millions of people in. 
our cause and exhibit our formidableness 
to the lodge until they would feel the 
force of well-equipped, well-trained and 
determined men. God bless the meeting 
and all who attend. 

July, 1899. 



Sew $)ubltcatt0tt0. 

The Ladies Home Journal for June 
has among other good things two very 
interesting articles, "Housekeeping on 
an Ocean Steamship," and "How a 
Young Man Can Work His Way Through 
College." It also contains beautiful pho- 
tographs of the monuments of all the 
Presidents from Washington to Arthur, 
with a description of the place where 
they are located. 

We beg to call attention to this new 
and very cheap edition of Roger's Travels 
by the well known children's Evangelist, 
Rev. E. Payson Hammond. Mr. Ham- 
mond's hope is to reach through these 
pages and in this attractive form thous- 
ands of children whom he could not hope 
to reach more directly. At the nominal 
price of 15 cents a copy, postpaid; or, 
only 10 cents per copy in quantities to 
schools, it is believed the work will be 
widely circulated. 

Rev. George Schorb, known as "The 
Blind Preacher of Evanston," was one of 
the interested auditors at the Evanston 
convention. He says the strongest in- 
dictments against the secret lodge are 
their interference with the administration 
of justice in our courts, and their spuri- 
ous counterfeit (so called) charity, which 
contains about as much of the genuine 
ingredient of charity as the act of a man 
in depositing an amount of money in a 
bank, and then, in an emergency draw- 
ing it out and calling it charity. 

"The Golden Rule and the Rule of 
Gold," is the title of a 207-page book full 
of facts and arguments concerning some 
of the causes and cures of our social evils. 
We have found it the most readable vol- 
ume on this subject that has come into 
our hands. The author, Rev. George 
Schorb, "The Blind Preacher of Evans- 
ton," proves by this book that, though 
born blind, he is a close and careful 
observer and telling writer. His plan of 
discussing economic questions from the 
standpoint of the Golden Rule is the true 
and Christian principle. We advise our 
readers to send for this book. It can be 
obtained of the author for 50 cents. 

There are two books of recent date 
which the readers of The Cynosure are 
advised to purchase, from each of which 
quotations appear in this number of The 
Cynosure. Each are in the American 
Statesmen series, published by Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and New 
York. One is Thaddeus Stevens, by 
S. W. McCall, and the other is William 
H. Seward, by T. K. Lathrop. Each,. 
$1.25, postpaid. 

The American Monthly Review of Re- 
views for June is, as usual, a storehouse 
of valuable information on current torics 
of general importance. Editor Albert 
Shaw devotes a good portion of his edi- 
torial review to the growth of trusts and 
monopolies, and the importance of the 
same subject is reflected again in an ar- 
ticle by Byron W. Holt entitled "The 
Rush to Industrial Monopoly." Mr. 
Holt gives a valuable table of all the 
trusts n the United States having a cap- 
italization and bonded indebtedness of 
$10,000,000 or more. W. T. Stead dis- 
cusses "Oliver Cromwell and the Na- 
tional Church of England;" Charles W\ 
Kendrick writes of "The Mormons in 
Mexico," and Leonora Beck Ellis has a 
paper on "The State as Farmer." Many 
interesting topics are treated in the com- 
pilations of leading articles from other 
magazines. The illustrations and car- 
toons are excellent. 


We hope that our readers will order 
and read the papers noted below. If our 
space allowed, The Cynosure would re- 
print the articles in full, and we shall yet 
do so as far as practicable in the future : 

New York City, June 14, 1899, con ~ 
tains the most excellent report of the 
Reform Presbyterian Synod of last 
month, by the Chairman, Rev.* A. Kil- 
patrick, on secret societies. 
Huntington, Ind., June 14, 1899, has a 
long and valuable editorial on "The 
Mystery of Masonry," and also an im- 
portant article by Rev. Wm. Beers on 
"Organized Secrecy." These two ar- 
ticles would fill at least six pages of The 
Christian Cynosure. 



July, 1899. 

Chicago, 111., May 30, 1899, has an ar- 
ticle on "Fraternal Life Insurance," by 
Fred Scott ; that will well repay reading, 
and an editorial on "Memorial Day," 
from which we quote as in line with the 
sentiment of this number of The Cyno- 
sure : 

"We have never taken as much inter- 
est in the demonstrations of Memorial 
-day since they have passed under the 
•control of the G. A. R. as we did former- 
ly, for the reason that we do not believe 
in the exercises of a national holiday be- 
ing manipulated and monopolized by any 
particular organization, ecclesiastical or 
secular, and especially by a secret so- 

Philadelphia, Pa., June 13, 1899, has an 
editorial "i\gainst Wavering" that is a 
bugle note to the denomination on its 
relation to the lodge. It calls for "Cour- 
age, the highest gift, that scorns to bend 
to mean devices for a sordid end." And 
none will lay aside when once begun the 
article by Rev. W. K. McMasters, on the 
"Need of Moral Reform," in the same 

Plainfield, N. J., of June 12, 1899, has an 
editorial on the death of Focht, caused 
by his initiation. The editor of Young 
People's Department has often thought 
of joining, but such "accidents" has been 
one of the reasons for not doing so." 
W^ould not a better reason have been that 
organized secrecy, as illustrated by the 
lodges, is contrary to both the exam- 
ple and teaching of our Lord Jesus 
Christ? "Ye are the light of the world," 
rather than pledged by a worldly society 
to life-long secrecy. 



Our government found it necessary to 
assail the Knights of the Golden Circle 
during the war of the rebellion, because 
they were plotting to destroy it. It be- 
came necessary to throttle the Molly 
Maguire and Ku-Klux clans, as a means 
of self-protection. Not many years ago 
the Supreme Court of the United .States 
decided that any one who has taken the 

Endowment House oaths of the Mor- 
mon hierarchy should not be naturalized, 
and if he had been naturalized, should be 
disfranchised. The secret order of Mafia 
came to us from Italy. They discovered 
their true character in the murder of 
Chief of Police Hennessey of New Or- 
leans. That assassination was a crime 
that demands retribution, and eleven 
members of the order were put on trial. 
Through fear of the order the jury ac- 
quitted them. A mob attacked the prison 
that very night and summarily dispatched 
these guilty wretches. That act cannot 
be justified. It was mob law, and when 
that prevails "there is something rotten 
in Denmark." But a secret, oath-bound 
gang of ruffians and brigands cannot be 
tolerated here. That massacre was the 
hand-writing on the walls of the secret 
dens of Mafia. 

Because of their disloyalty the Jesuits 
were expelled from Prussia, Austria, 
Italy and other countries of Europe and 
from the South American republics. The 
Illuminai of France, which plunged that 
nation into the Reign of Terror, were the 
instruments of the Jesuits. Napoleon 
III. of France was moved by the Jesuits 
to send Maximilian, Archduke-of Aus- 
tria, to make war on Mexico in 1862, 
with a view to forming an empire out of 
that republic and uniting this with the 
Southern Confederacy. The murder of 
Dr. Cronin, of Chicago, led to the trial 
of the order Clan-na-gael. Their horrid 
oaths were exposed and found to dis- 
qualify those taking them for citizenship. 

The secrecy of lodges is dangerous to 
society. Mr. Harwood states in the 
North American Review for May, 1897, 
that there are fifty distinct secret orders 
in the United States, with over 70,000 
lodges and at least 6,000,000 members. 
There are about 14,000,000 voters. Out 
of these at least 5,000,000 are members 
of some secret order. They hold the 
balance of power in every national elec- 
tion. This government does not want 
its policy dictated from the lodge. It is 
a matter of history that the Free Masons 
murdered Captain William Morgan in 
1826. Forty-five out of every fifty mem- 
bers of the lodge left the order. After 
this exodus the lodge went South and 
allied itself with slavery. The Southern 
Confederacy was conceived in the lodge. 

July, 1899. 



The boys in blue went down and crushed 
the rebellion, but they were taken in the 
coils of the secret lodge system. Since 
then the secret empire has grown with 
remarkable rapidity in the North, and is 
to-day increasing at the rate of 300,000 
members annually. This vast and grow- 
ing power is under oath of secrecy. This 
is dangerous. In 1832 the Vermont 
Legislature passed a law forbidding the 
administering or taking of an oath by 
any one except a civil or ecclesiastical 
officer, under pain of $100 fine. In 1839 
the fine was raised to $200. Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire adopted the 
Vermont law. Daniel Webster defended 
it. The principle underlying this legisla- 
tion is essential to the life of the nation. 

The authority of the lodge is danger- 
ous. Masonry is an imperium in im- 
perio. Mackey's Lexicon, page 8, says : 
"The master is supreme in the lodge. 
Such a thing as an appeal from the mas- 
ter to the lodge is unknown in Masonry. 
The power of the master is supreme." 
Page 103, "The government of the grand 

t lodge is completely despotic ; its edicts 
must be obeyed without examination by 
its subordinate lodges." In Hartford, 
Conn., in 1895, Malcomb B. Griswold, a 
Mason, set fire to his buildings to get the 
insurance. He confided the facts to a 
brother Mason, Dr. Frederick Jackson. 
The doctor violated his Masonic oath to 
conceal what was told him, and laid the 
facts before the grand jury. Griswold 

iwas tried and convicted of arson and sent 
to the penitentiary for ten years. The 
Hartford lodge then tried Dr. Jackson 
for un-Masonic conduct in informing on 
a brother Mason and suspended him. — 
The Midland, June, 1899. 



At the General Assembly held last 
month in Philadelphia the following was 
the committee on revised form of article 
on secret societies for overture : Rev. J. 
A. Henderson, Rev. R. G. Ramsev, Dr. 
T. R. Campbell, Dr. J. M. Wallace, Dr. 
J. C. Scouller, Dr. J. Q. A. McDowell, 
Rev. W. H. Patterson, 'Rev. J. M. Ross, 

Dr. James White, Dr. H. H. Bell, Dr. W. 
A. Spalding. 

The report of the committee on bills and 
overtures reported on the memorial of the 
Southern Illinois Presbytery anent the ar- 
ticle in the Testimony on Secret Societies. 
The memorial asked, 1. That a committee 
of one from each synod to report to the nexl 
Assembly a revised form of the article, to be 
overtured to the presbyteries. And also to 
say whether membership in every society 
organized on the principle of secrecy is for- 
bidden by the article as it now stands. 

The report says that there seemsto be a 
demand for some action on the subject, as 
there is a diversity of interpretation of the 
article, not as to the principle of the article, 
but as to the practical application of it to 
cases as they arise. The Assembly adopted 
the following: 

1. That the committee as proposed in the 
memorial be appointed. 

2. That the action of previous Assemblies, 
interpreting the article for the benefit of ses- 
sions, is as definite and satisfactory as any 
that can be made, and on that account no 
further deliverance is necessary. 

Chicago is to be congratulated as the 
place of next meeting of our General As- 


At their late annual conference in Illi- 
nois Bishop R. Dubs is reported to have 
made a strong address against secret so- 

The conference adopted unanimously 
the following: 

" Resolved, That we view with disap- 
probation the many encroachments of 
the lodge upon our social and religious 
life, and declare the promiscuous union 
of the people of God with organizations 
that are essentially un-Christian in char- 
acter is a menace to the church and the 
spiritual safety of those allied. A Chris- 
tian cannot abide in the fellowship of the 
heavenly Savior and at the same time 
identify himself with those who delight 
in dancing and reveling." 

The Associate Presbyterian Magazine, 
Chesley, Ontario, Canada, reprints in its 
June, 1899, number, an article from the 
Cynosure, "Founded on Wrong Princi- 
ples," written by Rev. H. H. Hinman. 



July, 1899. 

The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— Wc find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
's* scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

.PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the in erestsof 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

Honor the Fourth of July by reading 
this number of The Cynosure to your 
neighbor and to his boys. 


Western readers of The Cynosure, as 
well as Eastern, will hail Elizabeth E. 
Plagg's letter and be glad that it is to be 
ja. regular feature of our Magazine for the 
coming year. 

Read the items under the heading, 
"Newspapers and Reform," and gather 
courage to greater faithfulness since you 
see that there are more than "seven thou- 
sand" faithful witnesses in our country 

Sample copies of this number of the 
Cynosure, if ordered at once, can be had 
-at two cents per copy. Have it sent to 
your neighbors. 

How about the distribution of your 
Lord's money this year? Will He have 
you put some of it into supplying others 
with the Cynosure? 

Dr. J. W. Sproull, Allegheny, Pa.— 
There is no reform more unpopular than 
the one in which you are engaged; none 
more neeeded. 

Jamestown, N. Y., May 12, 1899, 
It is with regret that we have noticed 
that the Christian Cynosure has missed 
us in its monthy visits, and we assure 
you that we would appreciate it very 
much if you could place it on your mail- 
ing list again for our reading-room. 

Thanking you for your kindness in 
the past and trusting that you may deem 
it wise to grant our request, I am yours 
very respectfully, Wm. H. W r ells, 

Assistant Secretary. 

During the past year the money has 
been contributed which- has placed The 
Cynosure in quite a number of read- 
rooms of the Y. M. C. A The N. C. A. 
will send The Cynosure to public read- 
ing-rooms, where it will be placed on 
file, for 50 cents per year. Will you send 
to one such this coming year? I will 
quote from a few letters recently re- 
ceived, from time to time, so that it may 
be kept in mind and all who will may 
help the young men. 

Fairport, N. Y., May 22, 1899. 

Wm. I. Phillips, Dear Sir — We will 
welcome The Christian Cynosure an- 
other year and place it on file for the use 
of the members. Yours very truly, 
Milton W. Kohler, 
General Secretary. 

May 22, 1899. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : ' 

Dear Sir — The Christian Cynosure 
will be very welcome in the Elmira read- 
ing-room, and we wish to extend to 
the kind friends our sincere thanks for 

Herbert P. Lansdale. 
Elmira Y. M. C. A. 


We have recently received our first or- 
der for anti-secret literature from the isl- 
and of Porto Rico. 

Bro. S. G. Reading, Watsontown, Pa. 
— I am thoroughly convinced that the 
secret lodge is a mighty power for evil. 
You are doing a good work in turning 
the light upon it. May it spread until 
the darkness disappears. Let us never 

July, 1899. 



Joke* from tlje foHt. 


The Companion says that "The his- 
tory of Oddfellowship, the three-linked 
fraternity," has superseded "all other 
histories of the order." Still, those who 
do not care to read all detail may like to 
glance at the historical sketch of Chap- 
ter I. in "Oddfellowship Illustrated," sold 
l)y the National Christian Association. 


"The system of fulsome and officious 
political methods that have been injected 
into the election of Grand Lodge offi- 
cers, and subordinates also, has become 
of such importance as to call for reform. 
* * * Shut out everything that will 
not stand the strictest scrutiny." — Com- 
panion, February, 1899. 

This is sound advice, but of course its 
restrictions to the election of officers 
should be noted ; otherwise, if applied 
broadly to all things in the order it might 
appear tantamount to closing the door 
of the lodge. 



"Ignorance of the history, traditions, 
and the general work of the order is more 
the rule than the exception. It is sur- 
prising how little is known of the above 
named points by members of the various 
orders." — Companion, February, 1899. 

Would that this statement by an or- 
gan of secrecy could be read by all out- 
side the lodges, for it is an important 
fact almost universally unknown. Out- 
siders imagine that members know the 
facts and principles of the orders to which 
they belong. On the contrary, they are 
as ignorant as the lodge organ quoted 
above charges them with being, and, let 
us charitably hope, that this ignorance 
is one great reason why sometimes their 
statements are so conflicting and their 
representations so little to be relied upon, 
and so contrary to what becomes appar- 
ent upon studious investigation. 


"Brother James Andrews and Isaac 
Powell, of Columbia Lodge, No. 3, of 
Columbia, Tenn., were initiated the night 
the lodge was instituted by P. G. M. 
Smith, viz. : Oct. 9, 1841. They are both 
living in Columbia, well preserved, and 
well-to-do, and enjoy the esteem of all 
who know them. Oddfellowship pre- 
serves all members who live up to its 
rules and privileges. This should be an 
incentive to young men to become Odd 
Fellows." — O. F. Companion. 

Quite an incentive, it is, too. But is it 
not rather unkind and unfraternal to ex- 
clude by implication all members of less 
than venerable years, at whose burial Odd 
Fellows have displayed their regalia? 
Some consideration seems due to the 
memory of brothers who died with all 
dues paid, not to mention the feelings of 
the mourners. The Companion virtual- 
ly says by implication that all Odd Fel- 
lows who die young have failed to live 
up to "rules and privileges." 


"With a good, live, energetic, hust- 
ling financial officer at the desk, few 
lodges should go backward in member- 
ship because of non-payment of dues." — 
Odd Fellows' Companion. 

Correct, Most Noble Companion ! No 
good Odd Fellow should forget that the 
three frangible links are made of coin 
gold, and that nothing will so promote 
the Odd Fellow type of friendship, love 
and truth as the collectorship of "a good, 
live, energetic, hustling financial officer." 


"Never give advice to a lodge ; they 
will think you have a big head ; if your 
advice is good, they will be jealous of 
your knowledge ; if it is no good, they 
will laugh at you ; if you are right and 
they wrong, they will hate you ; if you do 
all the work, they will kick because you 
don't do it right ; and if you leave it for 
them to do, they will raise a racket ; if 
you take the lead, they will be jealous of 
your popularity, and if you say nothing 
and saw wood, they will say you are 
proud." — National Odd Fellow. 



July, 1899. 


Published by EZRA A. COOK, Chicago. 

Candidates Passing ihrough the "Living Arch." The farther they go and the lower they stoop the worse they 
are treated. 

[Companions form in two rows, facing inward, the lines starting near the door. 
Each locks his fingers firmly with companion opposite as shown in cut.] 

R. A. Captain (to Principal Sojourner) — It is the order of the Captain of the Host 
that the brethren enter this chapter of Royal Arch Masons and be received in due 
and ancient form. 

Principal Sojourner — (leading them in, repeats from Isaiah xiii. 16.) U I will bring 
Hie blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not 
faiown; I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These 
things will I do unto them, and not forsake them." Sickels's Monitor,Part 2, page 52. 


II * 

CD p 

§ 5 * 



CD & 
' 3 



Candidates passing over the "Rough and Rugged Road" from Babylon to Jerusalem. 

say unto the Children of Israel, I Am hath sent me unto you." [Captain of Host 
returns to his station.] 

Principal Sojourner — You will now represent three of our ancient brethren re- 
turning from the Babylonish captivity. Our pass yon will remember is: I Am that 
I Am. Let us be going. [They march several times around the preparation-room, 
and then enter the chapter, where they are nearly deafened by the voice 
of several yelling "Good news;" "Babylon has fallen; 11 while others make hideous 
noises on tin horns, etc. They then march on through a dark passage over 
blocks and sticks of wood, benches, chairs,. a stove, tumble-down bridge and anything to 




Standard Works 


Secret Societies 



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age stamps taken for small sums. 


Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
The accuracy of these expositions attested by 

Affidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated . 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 

Knight Templarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ritual of the six degrees of 
the Council and Commandery. 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite Hasonry^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
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are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to 18th inclusive. 

Voi. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
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word*? tr^«n 19* to 33rd tf^gree inclusive* 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

£cce Orienti. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the First 
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Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 

Cabala. Pocket size, full roan, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
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Givingthe degrees of Mark Master. Past Master, 
M~tt K*r *Nept Master «nd Roval Arch. 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
vlasonic Degrees. Knights of the Red Cross, 
tnight Templar and Knight ol Malta, nth ♦•> 13th 


Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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of a dialogue. 

Revised Odd-fellowship Illustra- 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
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quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J. Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
Books" furnished oy the Sovereign Grand Lodsre. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church, ioc. each. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and, the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 


Revised Knights of Pythias, Illus~ 

trated. Cloth, 50c: paper cover 25c. 

An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 
by the Supreme Lodge ot the world, with the Se- 
cret work added and fully Illustrated. 

Knights of the Orient Illustrated. 

15c each. 

The full Illustrated Ritua j* Ancient Order of 
the Orient or the Oriental degree. This is a side 
degree conferred mostly a Knights of Pythias 

Good Templarisnr Illustrated. 25c. 

A lull and accurate exp ^sition of the degrees of 
the lodge, temple and council. 

A Booklet of 107 pages. 25c. 

"The Martyr's Own Monument," by Rev. J. E. 
Roy, D. D., Western Secretary of American Mis- 
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Rev. J. Blanchard, late Editor of Christian Cyno- 
sure; "The Mysterious Machine: Was it Lawn- 
mower, Town-pump, Balloon, Wheel-barrow,— or 
what? " by Prof. E. D. Bailey, of the Civil Service 
Dept. U. S. Government. 

Are Secret Societies a Blessing? 

A pamphlet of 20 pages. 5c. 

An address by Rev. B. Carradine, D. D., pastor 
of the Centenary M. E. church, St. Louis, Mo.. 
Jan. 4, 1891. W, McCoy writes: "That sermon 
ought to be in the hands of every preacher in this 
land, and every citizen's, too." 

Between Two Opinions: or the 

Question of the Hour. 389 pages; cloth, 

postpaid, 75 cents. 

By Miss E.E. Flagg, author of " Little People," 
"A Sunny Life," etc., etc. Everyone who loves 
to read a good story, chaste and elegant in ex- 
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should read this book upon tbe powei of secret 
societies in Dolitics. aid the remedy. 

The Master's Carpet or Hasonry 
and Baal Worship Identical. Bound 
in fine cloth. 400 pages. 75c. 
Explains the true source and meaning of every 

ceremony and symbol of the lodge. 

"Ritual for Rebekah Lodges 

....OF THE.... 

Under the Jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, 


Published by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. 0. 0. F." 


Rebekah Ritual Illustrated. 

With the Unwritten (Secret) Work Added. 
Also the Official 

Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 

and Installation of Officers of 

Rebekah Lodges, 


Analysis of the Character of the Degree 

• ..BY... 


Paper Cover, Postpaid, 25 Cents. 

National Christian Association, 

221 West Madison Street, 




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*fie jav/ God jband apon bfye \y*a^*p <jid<*, 
ijtyab^an^injeeminf |o^befopejbpfo*e; 
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and jold 
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4ie jeopn<*d b^ip fifbj of fame, ar2d 

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fope tye v/enb 
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g>o fye 2onld ke bfje n^apep bo G©d> 

jpnd f^I ibj <j>olemn p>al^e<? yendinf 

<§l2P°aff2 all.bty* v/ide ^p^ad Vein? of 
endlejj food. 








Dr. McCosh on College Instructors. ...... 97 

The Ideal College. By Rev. E. S. Oarr. . . 98 

The King's Meat. By E. Ronayne .100 

Anti-<Secretists Instructed 101 

Those Mysterious Verdicts 102 

The Home and the Lodge 103 

The New England Letter 105 

WhiCh College? .108 

City Was Wide Open 109 

Oddfellow Lodge-troom Looted 110 

News of Our Work ; Ill 

Question Drawer.* 113- 

Pacific Coast News 114r 

Seceders' Testimonies. , • 116- 

Varying Voices lift 

From Our Mail 11& 

Publishers' Notes .119* 

Newspapers and Reform 123. 

The Pledge 121" 



"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison. 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free- 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Rlemersma, 523 
West 14th street, Chicago. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General 'Secretary and Treasurer— William 
L. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook,. 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F„ 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
William Fenton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 






221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second class 

The life of Christ in the soul is not an 
evolution, but a creation. 

The Gospel adopted the best way of 
saving men at the first, and will never 
change to another. 

Spiritual manhood is the state in which 
one is delivered from all that is childish. 
See I. Cor. 13 


When this number of the Christian 
Cynosure reaches its readers, many of 
them will be considering the question of 
where their children shall attend college 
during the coming year. The right decis- 
ion of this question is scarcely second to 
any one that fathers and mothers must 
face during the minority of their chil- 
dren. It is hoped that this number of 
the Cynosure will be helpful to all such, 
and that Christian character will be more 
desired than intellectual or physical cul- 
ture. Those institutions are more likely 
to produce Christian character that real- 
ize that God sends "Reforms," as Lowell 
said, "to separate the friends of truth 
from the friends of falsehood." Thus the 
lodge question is Elijah's question over 
again to every college, as well as to every 
parent with children to educate. "If the 
Lord be God follow him, but if Baal then 
follow him." 

him when he was in college, "Would you 
judge of the lawfulness of the unlawful- 
ness of pleasure, take this rule — 

"Whatever weakens your reason, 
Impairs the tenderness of your con- 
Obscures your sense of God, or takes on: 

the relish of spiritual things, 
Whatever increases the authority of your 
body over your mind, that is sin." 

The late Dr. McCosh is credited with 
the remark that colleges should have for 
instructors the ablest men in their sev- 
eral departments without reference to 
their religious views. That is of two 
men, one an infidel and the other a Chris- 
tian, the ablest man should be the in- 
structor, no matter if he should be the 
unbeliever. Imagine, if possible, an insti- 
tution made up in this way. Ingersoll or 
Renari in theology ; Huxley or Darwin 
in biology or physiology ; Tyudall in nat- 
ural sciences; Proctor in astronomy, and 
men of like minds in the other depart- 
ments. Put now young men under the 
care of such minds four or five years. Let 
them see the Bible treated as these men 
are accustomed to treat it. The Sabbath 
used for lectures on astronomy, and 
prayer sneered at as a foolish supersti- 
tion ; then let any intelligent man say 
what the effect must be. If infidels aro: 
allowed to control the education of the 
country, because of a little real or fan- 
cied superiority in scientific attainment,, 
then the educated men of the future will 
be infidels. 

John Wesley's mother once wrote to 

Dr. McCosh was a profound scholar, 
and very well knew that the Christian 
movement did not begin by an appeal to 



August, 1899. 

science or scientists. He knew that the 
Reformation began with the Bible and 
not in the laboratory. He was a Chris- 
tian and knew that the soul is of infinite 
value as compared with mere intellect. 
Is it wise then to favor the employment 
of infidels, or higher critics, as instruc- 
tors when they are dangerous just in pro- 
portion to their ability? Would it not 
be wiser to have young people instructed 
by men who believe in God and Christ 
and the Bible, and have average ability 
in their departments, than to put recep- 
tive minds under the influence of such 
men as will use their intellectual gifts to 
destroy in their pupils that faith which 
gives the only valuable knowledge to the 
immortal soul? 


Notwithstanding the scholarship and 
theology of Princeton University its late 
record on temperance is seen to be but 
little less infamous than that made by it 
during the war with slavery. Better 
would it be for pupils, church and coun- 
try, if parents would send their children 
to any one of a score of colleges of our 
country, which are not supposed to rank 
with Princeton in scholarship, but which 
have a record on slavery, temperance a id 
secret societies, honorable to God, and 
are institutions which banish infidels, 
higher critics, and time-serving theolo- 
gians from the class room. 

Among the rules of a New York liv- 
ery stable, where the animals of many 
wealthy men are kept, are the following : 
"No man will* be employed who drinks 
intoxicating liquors. No man shall 
speak loud to any of the horses, or in the 
Stable where they are. Horses of good 
blood are nervous, and loud, excited con- 
versation is felt by every horse who hears 
it and keeps them all nervous and un- 
easy. No man shall use profane lan- 
guage in the hearing of horses." If the 
hearing of oaths in a livery stable has a 
deleterious effect upon fine blooded 
horses, what must be the effect upon the 
consciences of men in a lodge room, to 
hear imposed upon themselves and oth- 
ers the fearful oaths there taken. Are 
horses of greater value and more to be 
guarded in this respect than the souls 
of men? 





It was a proper feeling which led a. 
mother to exclaim, "God be merciful to 
me, a sinner ; I am the mother of an im- 
mortal soul !" This responsibility places 
upon the parent at least the duty of giv- 
ing the child a thoroughly Christian edu- 
cation. Parents cannot control their chil- 
dren through life; the greater import- 
ance, therefore, attaches to the influence 
affecting them during childhood and 

It may be assumed that Christian par- 
ents will send their children to a Chris- 
tian college. What is a Christian col- 
lege ? 

The Teachers Christian. 

A college where all the professors and 
teachers are earnest and active Chris- 
tians. It may not be possible for a school 
of limited means to fill every position on 
its teaching force with a person entirely 
satisfactory in this respect; but this is 
the ideal, and it can be largely attained 
if the college management is in earnest 
about it. A fallacy in so-called Chris- 
tian education which must greatly delight 
the devil is that the president or college 
pastor or the Y. P. S. C. E. or the local 
clergy can look after the spiritual wel- 
fare of the students, in which the pro- 
fessors are in no wise concerned ; it be- 
ing necessary only that the latter be intel- 
lectually equipped for their teaching 
work. No more infallible method can be 
devised to destroy the religious influence 
of a college than to employ highly edu- 
cated professors who are openly or se- 
cretly un-Christian or anti-Christian. 
The greater the respect their learning in- 
spires among the students the greater the 
probability that the students will be at- 
tracted to the religious position of the 

Teaching by * sample, 

By a Christian college I mean a col- 
lege where the faculty do not use alco- 
holic liquors or tobacco, and where the 

August, 1899. 



students are forbidden or in every way 
possible prevented from such practices. 
The revelations in The Voice of a year 
ago as to the dissipation in our Eastern 
colleges, notably Congregational Yale 
and Presbyterian Princeton, are still or 
should be fresh in the minds of all Chris- 
tian parents. And most significant is it 
to observe that after all the protests of 
temperance Presbyterians the country 
over the Princeton Inn was reopened 
and I believe is still running. The Ger- 
man ideal in education, religion and so- 
cial customs, largely dominates our East- 
ern universities and threatens their moral 
and spiritual ruin. The problem now is 
to save our Western colleges for a genu- 
inely American type of culture. In an 
article in the Advance a year since I said, 
"It is time for those of us who do not be- 
lieve in a type of education which draws 
its inspiration from the pipe and the beer- 
mug to get together." Christian parents 
may not only benefit themselves, but aid 
the general cause, by sending their chil- 
dren and giving financial support to a 
Christian college. 

The Ministry Honored. 

A Christian college is one where the 
ministerial office is honored and held up 
before the student body as the most 
worthy and desirable of all human occu- 
pations. Harvard, founded to educate 
Congregational ministers, this year sends 
six men from a class of 400 into the min- 
istry, and the showing of Yale is not 
much better. President Eliot of Harvard 
was originally a scientist, and his sym- 
pathies seem still in that line, as appears 
from his recent declaration that "a man 
can do more good as a physician than as 
a minister." The same drift is apparent 
at Yale, as shown in the election of Prof. 
Hadley, a political economist, to the 
Presidency — a departure from the im- 
memorial custom of choosing a minister 
tor that high office. A graduate of this 
year's class, Wheaton College, recently 
said to me, speaking of a classmate : "He 
thinks of studying law or medicine : I tell 
him there is something for him better 
than either" — meaning the Christian 
ministry. This feeling should pervade a 
Christian college. 

Secret Societies Not Allowed. 

A wise Christian parent will select a 
•college where there are no secret fra- 

ternities. I will mention two objections 
10 college fraternities which have espe-* 
daily impressed me. They tend to de- 
grade the standard of scholarship by em- 
phasizing the social rather than the lit- 
erary. Where fraternities predominate 
the literary or debating club languishes 
or disappears. (2) The social life fos- 
tered by the fraternity is not of a desirable 
type. It tends to frivolity and extrava- 
gance, if not to dissipation. Cards, the 
dancing party, if nothing worse, absorb 
time and effort, and a style of dress and 
living prevails which the poorer students 
cannot honestlv maintain, and which is 
not profitable for any. The "panhellenic 
dance," instead of the contest in debate 
or oratory, becomes the supreme event 
01 the college year. 

Avoid University Methods. 

The ideal Christian college will not be 
a department of a great university. I 
give two reasons: (1) I have suggested 
above the difficulty of securing profes- 
sors who satisfy both the religious and 
intellectual requirements for the work of 
Christian education. This difficulty be- 
comes greater, perhaps insuperable, when 
ah the departments of a great university 
must be manned. Chicago University is 
a case in point. Founded to represent 
the Baptist denomination, one of our 
most spiritual and evangelical churches, 
the religious influence there is far from 
satisfactory. I was told not long since 
of a remark of a young lady student at 
Chicago University who is the daughter 
of a Baptist minister. **I seldom attend 
church. I can hear better music at the 
opera, and find better literature than the 
average sermon by reading the poets in 
my room." (2) The methods of study in 
college and university are directly oppo- 
site. The method of. college instruction 
is largely by text book and memorized 
lecture ; in the university, individual re- 
search in library or laboratory has the 
primary emphasis. This difference in 
method is necessarv because of differing: 
age and mental maturity in the students ; 
the difference becomes the more marked 
in a Christian college because of the un- 
christian or anti-Christian character of 
our prevalent literature, science and phil- 
osophy, which renders the method of in- 
dividual research, for immature students, 
dangerous if not destructive. Modern 



secular thought is dominated by a re- 
vived form of that Greek wisdom which 
Paul condemned as foolishness with God. 
It denies the miraculous, repudiates 
revelation except as an illusory panthe- 
ism, and knows no heaven except a king- 
aom of happiness on earth. It is repre- 
sented by Hegel in philosophy, Darwin- 
ianism in science, Goethe, Carlyle, 
Emerson, Geo. Eliot, in literature, and in 
the religious sphere by the extremes. of 
the higher criticism. In these condi- 
tions it is plain that the method of indi- 
vidual research must be used with cau- 
tion, except in case of mature students. 
Even many university students are not 
ripe for it. I remember hearing a con- 
versation a few years since between a 
Harvard professor and a young Japanese 
student, who had come to Harvard for 
post-graduate work. The student wanted 
to study the question of theism, and was 
referred by the professor to the univer- 
sity library. The absurdity of turning 
loose a young student, fresh from hea- 
thenism, in a library of 400,000 volumes 
to discover whether or not there is a 
God, is sufficiently apparent. Original 
and independent research is the charac- 
teristic method in the university, and is 
to be encouraged in the college course so 
far as is safe; but an important, perhaps 
the most important, element of the work 
of a Christian college is to guide the stu- 
dent through the principal fields of lit- 
erature, science and philosophy, with 
wise and Christian teachers to emphasize 
the truth and distinguish it from spe- 
cious and deceptive error. * Here only is 
to be found the proper preparation for 
the freer method of the university — espe- 
cially in our existing universities, where 
the skeptical influence so largely domi- 

For these two reasons the union or 
close proximity of college and univer- 
sity must work rather harm than good to 
the Christian college. 

Duty of Christian Patriots. 

I may call attention in closing, to a 
corollary from the above discussion, viz., 
the permanent importance and value of 
the Christian college, and the duty of 
Christian people to support such institu- 
tions. Our public schools are becoming 
probably less religious if not more god- 
less; our State universities are secular- 

ized by law, and our great universities 
seemingly not less so by the dominance 
of an agnostic culture. Where is Chris- 
tian education to find refuge, except in 
our denominational colleges? Here is 
the fundamental reason for the perma- 
nent existence of such schools, and here 
is the proper basis of their appeal to 
Christian patriotism and philanthropy. 
Wheaton, 111. 



The allegation is generally made that 
what are commonly termed "minor se- 
cret societies" are but so many feeders 
for those of a more popular or aristocrat- 
ic character, such as Masonry, Odd Fel- 
lowship, Knights of Pythias, etc., and 
that is simply the truth. Even the Good 
Templar society has been generally made 
use of in that way, and you will often hear 
members of these minor organizations 
declare that they would go into Masonry 
only that it costs too much. 

These are the conditions among men 
of mature years, men whose habits are 
already formed, and who have acquired 
a relish for what they imagine are great- 
er mysteries and more profound secrets 
from their association with minor orders. 
But what shall be said of the young men, 
those having yet scarcely reached their 
majority, who, when attending some col- 
lege or university, connect themselves at 
the very threshold of their lives either 
through fear of ridicule or because they 
want to be in the "social swim" with col- 
lege societies? No man of brains or or- 
dinary common sense will go into a se- 
cret society of any kind in this the close 
of the nineteenth century, without an ob- 
ject more or less selfish. 

Every man investing his money in 
such a way, be the amount large or small, 
expects to make something by his ven- 
tures. But what does a college student 
expect from mouthing the oaths and go- 
ing through the mountebank perform- 
ances imposed upon him in his initiation 
into a college secret society? Will join- 
ing the Phi Beta Kappa give him a bet- 
ter knowledge of Greek, make him a bet- 
ter man or better prepare him for the du- 
ties awaiting him in after life? Not by 

August, 1899. 



any means, but, on the other hand, k will 
generally be found that the college se- 
cret society is his first introduction to 
the false worship, the ungodliness, the 
deism and the stupid infidelity which are 
the characteristics of Masonry, Odd Fel- 
lowship and other similar institutions. 

Every young man, I am persuaded, 
who joins a college secret society, re- 
ceives his first taste of "the king's meat," 
spoken of in a recent Sabbath school les- 
son, and well, indeed, would it be for 
him had he at the very outset followed 
the noble example of young Daniel in 
Babylon, and so stand by a firm resolu- 
tion to keep himself from defilement. 
But there is another side to the question. 
Who is it that puts him in the way of 
temptation and danger? Who is it that 
introduces him to the society of those 
among whom roystering ungodliness 
and often a total disregard of even the or- 
dinary rules of civilized society are 
things to be boasted of and generally 
laughed at? Who is it that really places 
"the king's meat" before him so that he 
may eat and be filled? Not the King of 
Babylon directly — the prince of this 
world — but his own father, or perhaps 
his mother, who are doubtless the un- 
conscious instruments of Satan in plac- 
ing their boy at a college or university 
where danger lurks in his every path, and 
where he must defile himself with "the 
king's meat" whether he wills or not. 
These fathers and mothers doubtless 
make it their daily prayer, "Lead us not 
into temptation," and yet they them- 
selves place their boys in the very surest 
way to meet and be overwhelmed by the 
greatest and worst temptation to which 
they could be exposed, when they send 
them to colleges where among the first 
things they learn is a crude and godless 
experience with oaths and secrecy. 

But behind the shillyshally oaths of 
the college fraternity is that weightier 
motive of self-interest, which assures the 
candidate that his shortcomings, his 
drunken bouts, his visits to questionable 
Tiaunts, and his all-night revelings shall 
be kept secret so that the faculty nor the 
community shall be none the wiser, and 
that thus his reputation shall be outward- 
ly maintained. This and this alone seems 
to be the plain reason, if not the only 
reason, for the existence of college secret 
societies, but aside even from that it is a 

well-established fact that wherever se- 
cret societies find a home and a welcome, 
there infidelity and ungodliness most 
assuredly abound. Fathers, send your 
sons to wholesome schools, where they 
shall receive good, wholesome food, and 
not be tempted to eat of "the king's 


Land of the Setting Sun, 
Seventh moon, nth day. 

Editor of The Cynosure : I think that 
if you could know what is within the no- 
ble order to which I belong you would 
speak of secret orders in a different tone. 
Almost ever since its original organiza- 
tion I have been a member, and most of 
the time an officer of the Ancient Grand 
Royal Golden and Sublime Order of the 
Bald-headed Eagle. The name is due in 
part to the fact that the first P. G. X. Y. 
Z. Noble Excellent Grand Worshipful 
Screecher, who recently died and was 
buried with one of the most demonstra- 
tive demonstrations ever witnessed on 
this continent, had been from his earliest 
infancy a bald-headed man. 

The melancholy occasion when the 
Ancient Order of the G. R. G. S. Order 
of the B. H. E., with tears of fraternal 
grief, laid away the remains of our de- 
parted brother, gave our Deputy E. G. S. 
an opportunity to set forth the transcen- 
dant virtues of the deceased in eloquent 
terms and sublime descriptions, that, if 
heard by the enemies of our ancient and 
noble order, would have forever silenced 
opposition. He was a fitting descendant 
of the long line of X. Y. Z. N. E. G. 
Worshipful S. presiding officers, whose 
names, adorning the super-moral prin- 
ciples of our order, have come down from 
the remotest generations, beginning with 
Adonizedek, whose fingers and toes were 
cut off by early anti-Masons, and con- 
tinuing with a line of noble and pious 
men and patriotic citizens, too numerous 
to name, but including Tiglath, Pileser, 
Ahenobarbus, and other illustrious he- 
roes of ancient and modern times. 

His character as a Bald-Headed Eagle 
was above reproach and bore every test, 
and as a Grand Schreecher he always 
claimed undivided attention. He never 



August, 1899. 

failed to attend all the banquets of the or- 
der ; he drank every toast ; he never re- 
fused an office to which he was appoint- 
ed, and he died without a single due un- 

I assure you that every brother admit- 
ted to our noble order is qualified to sus- 
tain the same lofty character. In fact, 
the tests required prove that anything 
below the most unattainable excellence 
debars the candidate from admission. 

He must avow the opinion that a Su- 
perior Being exists ; he must assert, with- 
out equivocation or mental reservation, 
that he hopes to share in every time of 
need, in the truth, friendship, charity and 
general fraternality of our ancient ,and 
worthy order. 

Having been, as I remarked before, a 
'Bald-Headed Eagle, and most of the time 
a Grand Noble Scheecher, from about .the 
time of the order's first organization, I 
may say, without assumption, that I feel 
qualified to assure you that all your ideas 
of secret orders are, without exception, 
wholly mistaken. I forbear to mention 
the various offices I have held, from 
Junior D. D. Q. up through the rows of 
successive chairs to the office which, as 
a member of the Supreme, Select, Illu- 
minated Inner Circle of Grand Com- 
mander and Sublime Imperators, made 
me not only the wearer of seventeen gilt 
stars and four spread eagles, but also en- 
dowed me with a title, the sublime initials 
of which exhausted the English, Greek 
and Hebrew alphabets. 

Trusting that this slight intimation, 
which is limited by the restrictions in- 
volved in communicating with the pro- 
fane, respecting glorious and sacred mys- 
teries, will result in your suspending pub- 
lication, I remain your faithfully, 

Isaac Shoemaker, P. G. N., etc. 



Is it a crisis in our American jurispru- 
dence? Seldom has the very name of 
Justice been so shamelessly burlesqued 
as in the "findings" of the late two great 
investigations (that of Quay and "The 
Beef Court"). In both the charges inves- 
tigated were triumphantly, overwhelm- 
ingly sustained ; yet in each case the issue 

was in utter contemptuous violation of 
facts proved, of law, and so of truth, of 
right and of honor. 

Is It Masonry? 

In a case so extraordinary we natural- 
ly ask, "What can be the cause?" If 
bribery, neither the briber nor the bribed 
is likely to voluntarily enlighten us. The 
well-known fact that the Masonic oath 
is designed to cover, and does cover un- 
limited sin and crime, should stimulate 
inquiry as to whether Quay or any of 
those great meat-packers are Masons, 
Also, whether the members of the Quay 
inquisition or any of those of the "Beef 
Court" are members of that "order." If 
Quay or any of his inquisitors are Ma- 
sons, the cause of his acquittal is not far 
to seek, as in that case, they have taken 
the oath of at least the Master Mason, 
perhaps, too, that of the Royal Arch de- 
gree. If all are still loyal thereto, Quay's 
acquittal is but the natural, logical out- 
come of such a wicked, such a criminal 
combination. True, "Brother" Wana- 
maker, one of his accusers, is also a Ma- 
son. But even if Quay is a Mason, Wan- 
amaker is not the first, not the only man 
whose conscience has got the better of 
his Masonic oath, and it will be strange, 
indeed, if in that case he escapes censure 
from both his Masonic compeers and su- 
periors, for such a violation of "the ob- 
ligations and precepts of the fraternity."' 
Time, that surest of all expositors, may 
yet bring to light those now "hidden 
things of darkness." 

The rule thus applied to the Quay in- 
quisition, and its criminally fraudulent 
verdict, applies with equal force to the 
"Beef Court," and to its equally false, 
equally criminal "report." If the mem- 
bers of that court (any or all of them) are 
Masons, and if the "packers" implicated 
(any or all of them) are Masons, that fact 
will go far toward the solution of the rea- 
son, or reasons, for a "report" so fraught 
with falsehood and injustice (and for its 
approval by our Masonic President) and 
which, otherwise, may remain a mystery 
and an eyesore in the public mind. "On 
with the dance !" Let the "investiga- 
tors" be themselves investigated. Let, 
their pet "board" be in its turn "inquired" 
into. Give them no rest, until all this evi- 
dently secret "official" deviltry has been 
unearthed, laid bare, and its "distin- 

August, 1899. 



gui'shed" perpetrators covered with the 
infamy and disgrace they so richly de- 


Lebanon Springs, N. Y. 

He lome ani) tlje ?ot>ae 


"Help us, O Lord, for we rest on 
thee." (II. Chr. 14: 11.) 


Busy mother, young woman eager for 
life's work, happy child! "There is a 
way that seemeth right unto a man, but 
the end thereof are the ways of death !" 

A speech of a brewer at a meeting of 
the "Brewers' Union," advising liquor 
dealers and saloonkeepers to coax boys 
to drink, has been widely circulated and 
commented upon. 

What is meant by the long list of jun- 
ior secret orders now being formed? We 
quote from the last number of the organ 
of the Junior O. U. A. M. : 

"The sole object of the originators of 
the Junior Order was to create a feeder 
to the senior order, much as a Sunday 
school is to the church, and the fifth ob- 
ject of our order was at that time: "To 
prepare the youth of our land for admis- 
sion into the O. U. A. M. when they ar- 
rive at the proper age (21)." 

That was a shrewd, devilish sugges- 
tion, "Drunkards will die; boys must be 
found to fill up the ranks." But the sa- 
loon is not Satan's sole stronghold in this 
world. Secret lodges abound, where 
men by devil worship — ("the things which 
the Gentiles sacrifice they sacrifice to 
devils, and not to God." I. Cor. 10: 20) 
— are made devilish. 

Many good men have been snared, and 
many worldly men have found that the 
promises, which were given to induce 
them to join, are not made good; and so 
are leaving the lodge. The Masonic 
Grand Lodge Report for the State of 
Michigan, last year, stated that in that 
State there are "twelve thousand rene- 
gade Masons!" Men who have joined 
the lodge and then left it. This in a sin- 
gle State, and one secret order! 

Satan looks around for new recruits, 
and, as in the case of the saloon, homes 
must be desolated, and women and chil- 
dren must be induced to join. Temper- 

ance, literary advantages, cheap rates for 
admission and other inducements are 
held out to women; while children are 
told that "Washington, Garfield, Jeffer- 
son, Lincoln, Fulton, Childs, and nearly 
every great man in history, without ex- 
ception, belonged to a secret society." 
They are told that this society "does not 
require a fearful oath in joining. We 
simply ask your manly word of honor 
that you will not tell the secrets," and the 
boy is assured, as the Masonic candidate 
is, "that there is nothing in the secret 
work to interfere with his religion, poli- 
tics," etc. 

Remember, mother, sister, little one, 
Jesus is not in the secret chamber (Matt. 
24: 26) and do not enter. 

"The Royal Templars should find 
great favor with the ladies, as the quar- 
terly dues for the fair sex are usually half 
of the amount charged the sterner sex. 
This is not changed when life insurance 
or sick and funeral benefits are taken. 
Thus it will be seen that in the benefi- 
ciary departments they still have an ad- 
vantage of about one dollar a year." 

Car fare for a woman is the same as for 
a man; dry goods and groceries cost just 
the same for women as for men; nor do 
ordinary life insurance societies make 
more favorable rates for women. Why 
should a secret insurance society charge 
men two prices for its benefits? 


Persons who have been induced to join 
the lodge for the cheap insurance fre- 
quently say: 

"I do not like the lodge, but I've paid 
so much in that I cannot afford to stop 
now, and let it all go; and these secret 
lodges make no allowance, and never 
pay back if we want to leave them. 
What can I do?" And the man of God 
answered, "The Lord is able to give thee 
much more than this." (IT. Chr. 25: 9.) 
"Trust in the Lord, and do good ; so shalt 
thou dwell in the land, and verily thou 
shalt be fed." (Ps. $7: 3.) "Honor the 
Lord with thy substance, and with the 
first fruit of all thine increase; so shall 
thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy 
presses shall burst with new wine." 
(Prov. 3: 9, 10.) 



August, 1899. 


In a town not fifty miles from Chicago 
the Eastern Star ladies staid in their 
lodge room until 2 o'clock in the morn- 
ing, initiating into their order a man 
whom many of them would not deign to 
recognize on the street. And the mem- 
bers of this same lodge, supposed to be 
women of wealth and refinement, black- 
ened their faces, so as to represent ne- 
groes, put on grotesque costumes, and 
took part in comic minstrel shows to 
raise money for their lodge. 

"When shame is gone, all is gone." 


Fifty years ago there were no secret 
societies which admitted women as mem- 
bers. Now Masonry, Odd Fellowship, 
the G. A. R., in short, almost every se- 
cret society for men has its correspond- 
ing woman's order, and children's lodges 
are springing up like toadstools in a 

"There are thousands of Red Men's fam- 
ilies that will be left destitute, when the 
head of the household is taken away, unless 
they have been protected by the safest and 
cheapest of all fraternal life insurance. 'He 
Who wins a competency for his bereaved 
family at the very close of life, blunts the 
sting of death, triumphs over the grave and 
wins an immortal crown.' " — Buckeye Trail. 

The only hope, the only comfort and 
support that the secret lodge can give, is 
what one may find in a few paltry dol- 
lars at — we might almost say in conse- 
quence of — the death of a loved one! 
Only through Christ can we "triumph 
over the grave ; neither is there salvation 
in any other." (Acts 4: 12.) 

The woman's lodge, corresponding to the 
"Red Men," "The Degree of Pocahontas is 
Ibuilded and founded on the true womanli- 
ness we find embodied in the life and char- 
acter of her whose name we bear as an or- 
der."— The Buckeye Trail. 

Thus the example the lodge offers of 
"true womanliness" is a poor Indian girl 
who had never heard of Christ. "If there- 
fore the light that is in thee be darkness, 
how great is that darkness !" 

O, that these poor deluded white Red 
Men knew that the Bible is full of pre- 

cious promises that can really sustain and 
bless; while their connection with a se^- 
cret lodge is only evil while they live; 
endangers their soul at death; and' the 
money, if any accrues to the family, is 
often a curse to those who receive it ! It 
is "the blessing of the Lord" that "mak- 
eth rich, and he addeth no sorrow with 
it." "Leave thy fatherless children, I 
will preserve them alive; and let thy wid- 
ows trust in me." 


"So let your light shine," says the Odd 
Fellows' Companion of February, 1899, 
in an editorial explaining a plan by which 
lodge meetings may be made interesting 
through constant initiations of candi- 
dates, with the result of an addition of 
six thousand initiates in a year. 

It says: "If the officer cannot alone get 
a candidate, engage the good offices of a 
number of members as assistants and 
scour the lists of eligibles among friends 
and acquaintances and cast the net for 
them. * * * So let your light shine." 

It is not pleasant to think of the work- 
ing of the plot to "cast the net" for the 
young life of our nation; but perhaps the 
most shocking thing is adding to the an- 
nouncement words of our Lord. It was 
he who also said, "If the light that is in 
you be darkness." 


Shall We Hear from Seven Thousand ? 

All the little Cynosure readers are, we 
trust, Bible readers, and if so you will re- 
member that once the prophet Elijah be- 
came greatly discouraged because there 
were so many of God's people who wor- 
shiped Baal. But when he said to the 
Lord, "I am left alone," God told him, 
"Yet I have left me seven thousand in 
Israel which have not bowed unto Baal." 

To-day this same Baal is worshipped 
in secret lodges in America and other 
countries under the name "Supreme Be- 
ing," "Grand Architect," and other ti- 
tles; and men, yes, and women, too, wor- 
ship at these false altars. 

In this Cynosure will be a copy of the 
paper which we asked you to circulate; 
it will help and encourage us greatly if 
you will cut it out, sign it yourself, and if 

August, 1899. 



possible get others to sign, and then re- 
turn to the Cynosure Home Dept., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

"I feel so vexed and out of temper 
with Ben," cried Dick, "that I really 
must " 

'"'Do something in revenge?" inquired 
his cousin Cecilia. 

"No — just look over my Book of 

"What's that?" said Cecilia, as she saw 
him turning over the leaves of a copy- 
book nearly full of writing in a round 

"Here it is," said Dick. Then he read 
aloud : 

"March 8. Ben lent me his bat. 

"January 4. When I lost my shilling, 
Ben made it up to me kindly. 

"Well," observed the boy, turning 
down the leaf, "Ben is a good boy after 

"What do you note down in that 
book?" said Cecilia, looking over his 
shoulder with some curiosity. 

"All the kindnesses that are shown to 
me. You wonder how many there are. 
I find a great deal of good from marking 
them down. I do not forget them, as I 
might do if I trusted only to my memory. 
So I hope ithat I am not out of temper, I 
almost always feel good humored again 
if I only look over my book."— Selected. 

lew €nalan5 fetter. 



Some pay weekly indemnities for sickness, 
some only for disabling accidents, and many 
of 'them only pay upon the death of a mem- 
ber.— The Companion, February, 1899 (Odd- 
fellow organ). 

In this way the Companion speaks of 
secret orders in general, in a long edi- 
torial eulogizing them in high terms. 
The statement quoted above implies that 
the "fraternal" spirit and method some- 
times operate while a man is sick, some- 
times only when he dies, and in other 
cases not even when he is painfully hurt, 
but only when he is accidentally disa- 

With these facts of the case we have 
no fault to find, but we protest that it 
should be everywhere recognized, as it 
is in the article from which we quote, as 
insurance business, not charity or benev- 

Your New England correspondent is 
now enjoying a summer's outing in one 
of the beautiful rural communities of 
Northern Vermont. Yet even in this- 
land of sun-kissed hills, of "green pas- 
tures and still waters," one finds the 
slimy trail of the lodge dragon. Here 
as everywhere else it has its victims, piti- 
fully unconscious oftentimes of the real 
cause of their ruin. 1 think it may sur- 
prise even some anti-secretists to know 
that the very women supposed to be the 
most protected from Masonic outrage — - 
Mason's wives and daughters — are the 
ones on whom lodgemen are perpetrating 
their greatest crimes. The chief officials 
of the Green Mountain State, which in 
Morgan times was the home of so many 
noted anti-Masons, are nearly all mem- 
bers of the Secret Empire ; and its hid- 
den hand has evidently had much to do 
with framing some of the Vermont laws, 
judging from their superior adaptability 
to the use of scoundrels, and their utter 
inadequacy to protect the honest poor. 

Almost Incredible. 

The case of the Waterbury Asylum — 
a State institution for the care of the in- 
sane — is still fresh in the minds of many, 
as it happened no longer ago than '96. 
Terrible abuses were proved, especially 
on the female inmates, but the Masonic 
doctor who was superintendent had his 
case "nol prossed" by the court on the 
plea of consideration for his family, 
which, as he- was a man without children, 
seems to have been a true simon-pure in- 
stance of that peculiar kind of "brotherly 
love" of which we hear so much. Great 
pains were taken to smother the evidence, 
and the trustees went so far in trying to 
back up the doctor that they even em- 
ployed an attorney for him when their 
plain duty was to employ a State's attor- 
ney and have the case thoroughly prose- 
cuted. The Rutland Herald at the time 
these horrors were unearthed, charged 
that "the moment a loud word was ut- 
tered about Giddings the whole swarm of 
politicians, from Lake Champlain to the 
Connecticut River, went hurrying to his 
rescue, as a nest of hornets go when one 



August, 1899. 

of their number is in trouble;" all of 
which suggests forcibly a politico-Ma- 
sonic "pull." 

In Vermont the cost of caring for the. 
insane poor devolves upon the State — a 
system particularly bad, as it gives power 
to perpetrate great wrongs. "Under such 
a system" — I quote from the Burlington 
News of Nov. 9, 1896 — "no one is par- 
ticularly interested in ascertaining 
whether in cases of commitment to the 
asylum the person is really insane or 
whether his legal residence is in Ver- 
mont. The State pays the freight, and 
the slightest possible attention is given 
to the patient's real condition, or to the 
question whether he is legally entitled to 
the public care." Here it can be plainly 
seen is an instrument ready made by 
which to inflict lodge vengeance if Ma- 
sonic doctors can be obtained to testify 
to their victims' insanity. It is stated in 
the report of the investigating commit- 
tee, as given in the Rutland Herald of 
Nov. 19, that some of the female inmates 
"complained of the way in which they 
had been sent to the asylum." 

Lodge Lewdness. 

The above is an item, which, making 
all allowance for the hallucinations of in- 
sane people, is not without its possible 
significance, considering how one Ver- 
mont woman barely escaped the terrible 
fate of being imprisoned on a false charge 
of lunacy. 

Hers is a thrilling story of lodge perse- 
cution, yet to be given to the world, and 
supported by a mass of testimony, verbal 
and written. I have listened to it as it 
fell from her own lips, sitting under the 
trees that shade her pretty home, girdled 
by the Green Mountains, and located in 
one of the fairest spots of the beautiful 
Mississquoi Valley — listened at first al- 
most incredulous that such wrongs could 
be perpetrated in this land of the free, and 
then with a burning desire that all the 
women of our land could hear it, too, and 
rouse themselves. It is largely through 
their apathy and indifference that this 
enemy of the home, this foe to purity, is 
suffered to work such outrages on the 
poor and unfortunate of their sex. We 
are distressed at the woes of women in 
heathen lands, and this is well ; but it 
would be better if we were equally dis- 
tressed at the condition of many of our 

sisters at home, held in the grip of lodge 
heathenism, yet daring not to complain. 
She was a Christian woman and a 
church member ; her husband was a Ma- 
son. Though really a sick man and weak 
in mind as in body, he had been taken 
into the lodge free, contrary to all Ma- 
sonic usage, but soon found that the 
licentious and unprincipled men by whom 
he was surrounded demanded a price for 
his admission which he did not or could 
not resist. I have no space to enter into 
details, but when the wife knew that her 
husband had consented to the ruin of 
their daughter — a bright and pretty girl 
of fifteen — the half-distracted wife and 
mother applied to the law, only to be told 
by a judge and one of the legal lights of 
Vermont that there was no help for her ; 
that by a private law passed at Mont- 
pel ier the father was practically given 
power to sell his daughter for the vilest 
purposes, the mother being powerless to 
prevent, as a married woman at that time 
— 1887 — could bring no suit against her 
husband or any other party without his 
consent. It was this private law of which 
the lodge was taking advantage, and the 
only way by which to protect her daugh- 
ter was to get a divorce. 

She addressed a letter to the State's at- 
torney at St. Albans, whose name she did 
not know, and received a reply which 
she supposed to be from that official, but 
it was from another attorney — not the 
State's — and a Free Mason, as was his 
partner. These gentlemen treated her 
with the greatest apparent kindness, tell- 
ing her that their Masonic obligation ex- 
tended to herself and family, and they 
would act towards her the part of broth- 
ers. They advised her by all means to 
enter her suit for a divorce, and by their 
fair speeches gained her entire confi- 

A short time before her case came to 
court her husband begged her to with- 
draw her suit, and at the same time made 
the startling confession that these attor- 
neys were deceiving her by their pre- 
tended interest, and were actually work- 
ing with the assistance of two Masonic 
doctors in the place to put her in the in- 
sane asylum, intending to keep her there 
indefinitely, or at least till she would 
agree to keep quiet and not expose the 

August, 1899. 



In terror at the prospect of such a fate 
she went to her kind (?) attorneys, who 
admitted that they had known for sev- 
eral weeks these physicians' intention, 
but tried to smooth over the matter and 
allay her fears by assuring her that when 
the case came to trial the contrary could 
easily be proved, as she was then sup- 
porting" herself and three young children. 

Her next move was to write an appeal 
to the Grand Lodge and take it to her 
Masonic attorney. When he learned 
that she had kept a written record of all 
the acts of lodge oppression perpetrated 
on herself and helpless family he asked 
in a disturbed way how far back it dated. 
She answered ten or fifteen years. 

"How much manuscript have you ?" 
he further inquired ; to which she replied 
with spirit : 

"Enough to bring the truth before the 

Two noble men stood by her — Judge 
Royce of St. Albans and Anson Ladd, 
attorney, of Enosburg. To their efforts 
she owed her escape from the plot laid 
by these Masonic doctors, who were med- 
ical associates and Masonic brothers of 
the very Dr. Giddings who was superin- 
tendent of the Waterbury Asylum. 

A Roman Catholic priest, to whom 
she afterwards related her story, and who 
seemed an honest and sincere man, told 
her that while he had known similar 
case, in no instance but hers had he 
ever known a Mason's wife to succeed in 
bringing her suit before a court of law, 
as previous to the trial the victims either 
died or were spirited away into an insane 
asylum. And he added the still more 
startling statement that every two months 
some Protestant woman— the wife of a 
Mason or an Odd Fellow — supposing 
that these orders were under papal ban, 
and desparing of help from the lodge- 
ridden Protestant churches, made an ap- 
peal for aid to the church of Rome ! 

That these poor women received no 
help it is needless to say. 

A wealthy neighbor, who a few years 
after became State Senator, seized a val- 
uable cow which she had herself raised 
from a calf, to pay some debt contracted 
by her husband. She was much attached 
to the animal, and could ill afford its loss. 
Here was a clear case for the courts, as 
the laws of Vermont do not allow a poor 

family's last cow to be attached to satisfy 
a creditor's demands. 

She had heard it said no Romanist can 
be a Mason, and so applied to a Catholic 
lawyer. He espoused her cause with 
great seeming ardor, and promised on 
the payment of $10 to get back her cow 
in three days. H She was then working in 
an overalls factory in St. Albans. Five 
dollars she paid out of her own earnings ; 
the other five was paid out of the scanty 
wages of her son, then in a consumption 
of which he afterwards died. The attor- 
ney did nothing about her case, putting it 
off on one pretext or another, till out of 
patience she asked him to tell her plainly 
whether he ever intended to take it up. 

He smiled blandly and replied : 

"No, madam ; I will tell you the truth. 
I am not intending to do anything about 
it. I cannot afford to get the ill-will of 
Mr. So-and-so," naming several wealthy 
men in the neighborhood, among whom 
was the creditor who had thus illegally 
taken this poor woman's last cow. 

"But what of the ten dollars I gave you 
to prosecute the case?'" she asked. 

"I shall keep it," he impudently re- 

And he did keep it, she having no re- 
dress because the sum was too small to 
make the cost of a suit worth the while. 

This Roman Catholic lawyer she after- 
wards found, was a Mason, and learned 
to her cost that Protestantism has no 
monopoly of the lodge. 

"A worshipful master should represent 
Solomon the Mason, and not Solomon 
the King." 

That is to say, there should be none. 
This follows because high Masonic au- 
thority, as well as matter lately issued by 
Masonic organs, reasserts the ancient 
truth that there was no Solomon the 
Mason, though there was a Solomon the 
King. The American Tyler which claims 
to be the "leading paper of the craft," 
lately copied from the Indian Masonic 
Review a condensed history of Freema- 
sonry, in which the talk about Solomon 
is classed with similar stories as "pure 
nonsense," which "may serve as some- 
thing wherewith to amuse." It Mason- 
ically limits genuine Masonic history to 
three centuries, with nothing known 
earlier than A. D. 1599. It dates the first 



August, 1899. 

"Grand Lodge" correctly at 17 17, and 
there could of course have been no 
"Grand Master" before a grand lodge. 



The selection of a college should be 
influenced by several considerations, one 
of which, though commonly disregarded, 
seems worthy of more general attention. 

With the idea clearly in view, which 
the best and most advanced educators 
magnify — that a trained man is a man 
trained — a college may well be chosen, 
not merely for the sake of its faculty or 
its curriculum, but as well for its class of 
students, its surroundings, its traditions 
and its ability and tendency to develop 

Every corrupting or debilitating 
agency antagonizes the constructive 
work of a college. No one can doubt 
that college secret societies do more or 
less of this antagonistic work. Some 
good words are and may be said of them, 
and some deserve these words better 
than others ; yet a vast amount of evil is 
due to such secret clubs, and they are 
among the dangerous factors of college 

One of the mischiefs, wrought by 
them, is a conspiracy of favoritism, which 
puts subservency or at least membership 
in place of merit as a means of gaining 
opportunities and rewards. Where the 
selection of athletes, musicians and 
others depends on secret society log- 
rolling, somebody or something must 
suffer; and it is not strange if the best 
talent and ability. of a college are sup- 
pressed, or even the college itself dis- 

This is by no means the worst result, 
for the moral influence of such societies 
is more to be dreaded because it is more 
important. A man can graduate strong 
and ready for good citizenship without 
singing in a glee club or playing on any 
kind of team, but if he contracts bad hab- 
its, is weakened or lowered in act, word 
or thought, the very purpose of the col- 
lege that graduates him is to that degree 
defeated. Against the influence of the 

faculty is offset that of the fraternity, 
with the result that debility replaces 
vigor. It is not enough to say that dis- 
figurement, death or mental imbecility 
are liable to result from some of the 
rougher or more risky initiations — the 
peril is to character; or the danger of 
measurably defeating the very purpose 
for which the college was founded is 
worthy of due consideration. 

It is true that a student need not join, 
yet as an "ouden" he incurs disadvan- 
tages, and if he is not well fortified the 
temptation may prove too strong. 

We have no disposition to make the 
most and worst of the case, yet we can- 
not avoid the feeling that when there is 
so much danger in these college lodges 
of influences that accompany smoking,, 
card-playing, secret society log rolling, 
and the methods of corners, trusts and 
political conspiracies, it is as well, other 
things being equal, to "avoid it, pass not 
by it, turn and pass away," that is, from 
colleges which permit secret fraternities. 

Colleges that are freest from things 
that practically antagonize the character 
building influence, which makes them 
valuable to the state as well as to the men 
they train, are to be preferred to those 
which involve a temptation, always too 
strong for a large class of these young 


(Special to the Times-Herald, Chicago.) 

New York, June 1, 1899.— Little Marion 
Clarke, victim of the most mysterious ab- 
duction since the kidnaping of Charlie Ross, 
was restored to her parents. 

Captain George Mcdusky, chief of the de- 
tective bureau, issued a statement as soon as 
the baby had been found. He made public 
a letter, supposed to have been written by 
the head of the kidnaping band. This sensa- 
tional letter was signed "Mephisto Secundo, 
King of the American Mafia," who declared 
that no harm was intended little Marion, and 
that she would be restored promptly and 
safely to her parents. 

The bombastic title assumed by the 
signer of the letter may have no great 
significance as yet, but the nucleus of a 
new order may be nevertheless indi- 
cated. Such a band could do vast mis- 
chief, even if its very formation almost 
insured its members ultimate punish- 

August, 1899. 



ment. For a while such gangs succeed 
in earning their halters or places in pris- 
on. But in Italy they have become a po- 
litical power. 


The Chinese population of Wisconsin was 
well represented at the annual convocation of 
the Chinese Freemasons in the city of Apple- 
ton on the 9th inst. The order includes in its 
membership most of the Celestials in the 
State, and the meeting was attended by 
Knights of the Square and Compasses from 
Chicago and New York, as well as by Gong 
Hoar, of Baltimore, the Grand Master of the 
order dn the United States. There were some 
fifty members present, and in the number is 
a Chinese band from Oshkosh, which gave 
concerts during the day. 

The meeting was held at the laundry of 
Sam Wah Kee, the head of the order in the 
State, who gave a big dinner a la Peking at 
his building. All present were Chinese except 
one newspaper correspondent. The meal was 
served in courses and included a variety of 
American foods cooked in Chinese fashion, as 
well as many imported dainties- which were 

The convocation was called to order by 
the Grand Master, Gong Hoar, who delivered 
an address and told of the order in other 
States. The order is not essentially different 
from that of the white men, but the forms 
have changed somewhat since the division 
into the Eastern and Western branches. — 

Here is a Masonic claim that most of 
the Chinamen in Wisconsin are Masons. 

Does such a claim prove that — 

i. Masonry is founded on the Bible? 

2. That Masons must profess a true be- 
lief in God ? 

"One of the fire-fly so-called 'Christian 
Reform Association conventions,' such as 
have been held in other portions of the coun- 
try, has been held in Philadelphia, in the 
city where resides our veteran Brother 
James B. Nicholson, Past Grand Sire of the 
Order of Odd Fellows, and Secretary of the 
•Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. Brother 
Nicholson takes umbrage at the denuncia- 
tions of those hypocritical falsifiers and in 
an able manner and language bold and con- 
vincing sets forth the good work of the Odd 
Fellow Order, which these jackals seek to 
injure. We had one of those 'conventions' 
in our city last year, Bro. Nicholson. Few 
people knew the malevolent Judases were 
here. They drew together over a hundred 
people, mostly of the professors ancl divinity 

students of the Lutheran College situate 
upon our borders, a small number of Lu- 
theran, United Presbyterian and old-line 
United Brethren preachers and members, 
and a few other malcontents, forming a 
crew such as would urge the crucifixion of 
Christ, were he to come among them, and 
burn old women as witches upon the accu- 
sations of silly children and maudlin women. 
Their rantings were unchallenged here and 
they soon shook the dust of Columbus from 
their feet. Their efforts fell still-born, and 
it is doubtful if they come again— for the 
collections were small and the pickings few. 
It didn't pay! Better leave these fellows to 
beat the air — opposition only gives them the 
prominence they seek. Leave them to the 
luxury of their own foetid breaths and they'll 
soon die out from the effects of the smell."— 
The Companion. 

This sweet-spirited and elegantly 
written account of one of our conventions 
is from a representative of charity and 
fraternity, published under the title of 
The Companion. It represents the au- 
dience as made up of people commonly 
accredited with character and intelli- 

Whether calling together an audience 
composed "mostly of professors and di- 
vinity students of the Lutheran college," 
with "Lutheran, Presbyterian and Uni- 
ted Brethren preachers and members," is 
the quickest way to gather "a crew such 
as would urge the crucifixion of Christ," 
we do not take it upon us to decide. But 
it is safe to assume that such an audience 
would not take kindly to the Odd Fellow 
law that the name of Jesus must not be 
heard in prayer. 


For the first time since the Brooks high 
license bill became a law, Pittsburg was a 
wide-open town on Sunday. Many of the 
downtown hotels had their barrooms open 
yesterday, and did a rushing business. It 
was a new experience to Pittsburgers, and 
being so new, many thirsty ones failed to be- 
come acquainted with the fact in time to avail 
themselves of its benefits. 

In most other cities throughout the coun- 
try liquor is sold openly on Sundays. In 
Pittsburg it used 'to be, but when the Brooks 
bill became a law its provisions were so strict 
and its penalties so severe that all Sunday 
selling in licensed saloons ceased. The Sun- 
day thirst either had to go unquenched or 
find satisfaction in a speak-easy. Yesterday, 
however, Pittsburg was turned over to the 



August, 1899. 

Sir Knights. If they asked for a drink they 
could get it. License laws for once cut no 
figure. Pittsburg said the Knights could 
have anything they asked for, and Pittsburg 
kept its word. 

The above is clipped from the Pittsburg 
Dispatch of October 10. How humiliating 
such a statement must be to the true "Chris- 
tian Knight!" "A wide-open town on Sun- 
day!" "Hotels had their barrooms open . . . 
and did a rushing, but quiet business," be- 
cause of the presence there of a large number 
of "Christian Knights!" "If they asked for 
a drink (of intoxicating liquor) they could get 
it." The "laws for once cut no figure!" From 
such a reading the stranger would be led to 
suppose that this "rushing business," this 
violation of law, was due entirely to the de- 
mands of the "Christian Knights," those 
"Soldiers of the Cross," those "defenders of 
the faith." If true, there will arise a strong 
suspicion that in the ranks of Templar Ma- 
sonry are many who fail to comprehend the 
fact that such violation of the privileges of 
temperance, of law and of the proprieties 
that should be observed by the wearers of 
the emblems of Knight Templary, whether at 
home or abroad. It is sincerely hoped that 
the "wide-open town" and unrestricted in- 
dulgence dn drink will be one of the missing 
features of all future gatherings of Masons 
of every name. — The Masonic Chronicle. 

The air of surprise assumed by the 
Chronicle is not the least astonishing 
thing. Did this innocent editor never 
hear of the scenes at the Chicago or Bos- 
ton or San Francisco Conclaves ? 

The condition at Pittsburg was noth- 
ing out of the ordinary or unexpected, 
and it corresponded strictly to what is 
looked for at a Templar Conclave. Three 
years earlier drinks almost ran in the gut- 
ters in Boston, and the procession was 
headed by the champion distiller of rum, 
whose business has been so notable in its 
relation to Africa. A weather bureau an- 
nouncement is less to be relied on as an 
assurance of storm than a Templar con- 
clave announcement as an assurance of a 
deluge of drinking and immorality .. 


"Some miscreant recently broke into the 
lodge-room of Bradner Lodge, located at 
Bradner, Ohio, and broke open drawers and 
boxes, and looted things in general. The 
Bradner Advocate, records the outrage as 

" 'The Tuesday morning after the Friday 
night's meeting, one of the members went 

up into the hall for something and found to 
his surprise that someone had entered the 
hall and played havoc with things. The rec- 
ords of the lodge lay scattered about the 
room, torn to pieces, and some of them 
burned. The combination to the safe had 
been turned and the inside doors were broken 
open and its contents destroyed, including 
the rituals and other books. Upon furthe'r 
investigation it was found that all of the 
robes and paraphernalia were gone and no 
trace of them could be found. The only 
thing left intact was one ritual and the 
Treasurer's cash book. The outside doors 
had been bursted open. There was no money 
in the safe, but there were a few postage 
stamps, and they were taken. It is certainly 
one of the most peculiar robberies ever heard 
of. It looks as though it was a case of spite 
work on the part of some disgruntled mem- 
ber. One thing is certain, the lodge is out 
of a record of its past existence. There is 
no law too severe to inflict on a man who 
would do such a dirty, mean, contemptible 
trick.' "—The Companion, March, 1898. 

The suspicion that an Odd Fellow did 
this for spite is natural. A second ques- 
tion is whether some action of the lodge, 
or that general disgust of the secret sys- 
tem which is more common inside than 
outsiders know, moved this Odd Fellow 
to such an action. 

"If it, i. e., the cipher system, is put in the 
hands of each Master, it is impossible to keep 
it from profane hands. It was thought that by 
holding the Master strictly accountable se- 
crecy could be maintained, yet men die, and 
the c.opy is lost. The Masters of the large 
jurisdictions above referred to were so held, 
and yet even now their official work is print- 
ed and openly sold by profanes as a money- 
maker. * * * The very use of a cipher 
presupposes its being handled by profanes. 
Yet even then there is no safety, for the ex- 
perience of ages teaches that there never 
was a cipher made by man that some other 
man could not unlock it if it was for his in- 
terest, monetary or otherwise, to do so." — 
American Tyler. 

In thus cautioning and guarding the 
lodge, "The Tyler" is true to its name. 
Let it be noted: 

i. That this is a practical Masonic ad- 
monition given with an earnest purpose. 

2. That it argues the case by an ap- 
peal to facts well known to Masons, in 
part, and in part obvious when once 

It affirms that: 

a. The cipher is expected to be seen by 

August, 1899. 



the unitiated, and for that very reason is 
made obscure. 

b. It is impossible to keep it from such 

c. No cipher was ever made by one 
man that was not unraveled by another 

d. Despite the attempt already made 
to preserve secrecy by cipher, the Ma- 
sonic "official work is printed and openly 
sold" by the uninitiated. 

If any one reading this has 'suspected 
that the publications sold by the N. C. A. 
were not to be relied upon, he now has 
the explicit assurance of a Masonic or- 
gan. It is well known by Masons that 
such books are genuine, but those who 
have never been in the lodge, and have 
not read Masonic history, can hardly be 
blamed for entertaining the doubt which 
such a Masonic statement is adapted to 
remove. Masonic subscribers of the Ty- 
ler knew the facts already and were in a 
position to weigh the argument drawn 
from them. 


If Freemasonry is a good enough re- 
ligion and a sufficient system of morals, 
of course its professors will answer the 
following description. 

They will not use profane language in 
conversation, and they will reverence the 
Sabbath and all things sacred. They will 
be attentive to religious observances ; vio- 
lations of the law of chastity as recogniz- 
ed by civilization and Christianity will 
not be allowed ; and drunkenness, partic- 
ularly in connection with lodge meetings 
or Masonic celebrations will not be tol- 
erated. Masons will not manufacture 
nor sell intoxicating drinks, and they 
cannot be found in a saloon or any infa- 
mous resort. In speech and conduct they 
will indulge no inconsistency with Bible 
religion or morals. Is this paragraph a 
good general description of real Masons? 
Make a list of them in your community, 
and apply the above. 

R. A. McCoy writes that the princi- 
ples of the Declaration of Independence 
came from the second reformation in 
Scotland in the sixteenth century, that 
Thomas Jefferson said in his autobiog- 
raphy that when preparing our Declara- 

tion of Independence he had before him 
the proceedings (1743) of the Octorara, 
Scotch Covenanters, of Lancaster Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, as well as the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration of Scotland. 

itetti0 of ®ur Wot§* 

Rev. Wm. Dillon, editor of the Chris- 
tian Cynosure, made one of his pleasant, 
sunny visits to the Cynosure office a tew 
days ago, and invited the National Chris- 
tion Association to hold a convention in 
Huntington, Ind., early in September 

Brother Edmond Ronayne has recent- 
ly been leading the evangelistic services 
at the Helping Hand Mission in our 
building. He is planning a series of anti- 
secret addresses in the fall at Hudson, 
111., by invitation of Brother Suavely. 

Barney E. Antrobus, of Rockbridge, 
111., says there is a prospect of debate at 
his place with some of the strongest 
champions of the state. Private debates 
have been going on by the hour. It is 
now proposed that the next debate be 

C. F. Allwardt, of Shelbyville, 111., has 
had one debate this year. His opponent 
was Rev. J. Blair, of Pennsylvania, a 
member of the Junior Order of Mechan- 

W. R. Britt, 330 South Mill street, 
Kansas City, Kan., is a seceder from the 
Knights of Labor and Farmers' Alliance, 
and is earnestly co-operating with his 
church in that city and lets his light shine 
against Baal worship of the present. 

Rev. Alex. Thompson, formerly a 
member of our Board of Directors, does 
not show any cooling of interest in our 
cause. Recently in a Christian Endeavor 
convention, he spoke a few words about 
the lodge power being a hindrance to 
the C. E. movement, and at the end of the 
session a well-dressed woman came and 
gave him a sound scolding for his re- 
marks. Her Eastern Star was evidently 
more to her than the Star of Bethlehem. 
Brother Thompson writes: "It is aston- 



August, 1899. 

ishing the hold the lodge has on the 
-church, and now that they have the 
women enlisted in the various orders 
where they shine the intolerance to dis- 
cussion of the whole lodge power is be- 
coming more apparent." 

Rev. Thos. H. Acheson, of the Re- 
formed Presbyterian Church of Denver, 
Colorado, gave an address recently in 
opposition to the oath-bound lodges in 
Denver, and the truth had wide circula- 
tion through space given to it by the 
Rocky Mountain News, the Denver Re- 
publican and the Evening Post. Brother 
Acheson is well remembered for his effi- 
cient and faithful pastorate while in 

Rev. P. B. Williams is endeavoring to 
arrange for a convention in Oregon in 
the earfy fall. Let each one contribute 
something to the expense and send to 
him at once at Salem, Oregon. 

Mr. S. A. Scarvie has had a very suc- 
cessful month's work during July, judg- 
ing by the amount of literature which he 
has ordered from this office. From the 
226. to the 24th of July he was at Lake 
Park, Minn. We hope to have a good 
report in the next month's issue. Rev. 
O. T. Lee writes: "Mr. Scarvie is doing 
good work." 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard, New England 
Secretary, has been afflicted in the sick- 
ness of his dear wife. Mrs. Stoddard has 
been quite ill and under the doctor's care. 
She is over the worst of it, we hope, and 
able again to take up her many duties. 
Mrs. Stoddard is^a very busy woman, 
interested in a number of philanthropic 
enterprises which can ill afford to have 
her laid aside, even for a short time. 
Brother J. P. Stoddard was at Campello, 
Mass., recently, where the lodge ques- 
tion was being agitated. The Swedish 
Congregational Church, Rev. Pohl, pas- 
tor, voted last month, seventy-one to 
three, not to admit members of secret so- 
cieties in the church. Brother Stoddard 
also spent an hour in the study of the 
Methodist Episcopal pastor of the same 
place, speaking to him from the charts, 
and taking" the pastor's subscription to, 
the Cynosure before leaving him. He 

has also been in Worcester, and among 
other things has looked after the placing 
of the anti-Masonic library of books into 
the Boyleston Public Library as per the 
bequest of Mrs. Bliss of Worcester. 

Gentlemen Holmes, Hitchcock, Cook, 
Kletzing, Shaw and Raidabaugh were 
present at the meeting of the Board of 
Directors on Saturday, July 15. Arrange- 
ments were made for Rev. P. B. Will- 
iams to continue his lecture work 
throughout the coming year on the Pa- 
cific coast. Two plans were adopted for 
aiding Rev. W. B. Stoddard to increase 
the endowment of the work in his field. 
In addition their attention was given to 
routine business, and the prospects for a 
successful year's service was never bet- 
ter. One of the pleasant incidents of the 
meeting was the presence of Mr. S. B. 
Shaw, publisher, and member in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, who met 
with them for the first time as a member 
of the Board of Directors. 

Secretary Phillips spent part of June 
and July in Otsego County, New York, 
in the Tunnicliff will case. The will 
shows that Mr. Tunnicliff made him his 
executor. An effort is being made to 
have the will set aside. So far as can be 
learned the members of the Masonic 
lodge in Schuyler's Lake, New York, 
where Mr. Tunnicliff lived, are unani- 
mous in the opinion that Mr. Tunnicliff 
in one point, and in one only, was of un- 
sound mind, and hence incapable of 
making a will, viz., in that he was op- 
posed to Masonry. This reminds one of 
the Scripture: "That they shall believe a 
lie." (II. Thess. 2: 11.) The secretary 
spent a few days in the Young People's 
convention of the Evangelical Church at 
Naperville, 111. Most of the young peo- 
ple of this church are opposed to the 
lodge, and received Secretary Phillips 
cordially and seemed glad to obtain the 
information which he gave them on the 
demon worship in the lodges. 

Dillsburg, Pa., July 15, 1899. 
Dear Cynosure: My work for some 
weeks has been in the beautiful Cumber- 
land Valley. Here I find many open 
doors, and a live interest. The influence 

August, 1899. 



•of the Radical United Brethren and 
•other reform churches is considerable in 
this section. A Sabbath was spent at 
Chambershurg. Here I spoke morning 
and evening to appreciative audiences in 
the stanch old King Street U. B. Church. 
There is no compromise with the world 
or its institutions in' this church. It en- 
joys a good degree of prosperity. 

At Rohrersville and Keedysville, 
Maryland, I found those who read the 
Cynosure and maintain its principles. I 
expected to have reached McConnells- 
burg, in the Fulton County Valley, for 
last Sabbath; an urgent invitation from 
the U. B. pastor on the Lehmaster's cir- 
cuit changed the plan, and I accompa- 
nied Bro. Burkholder to the appoint- 
ments. Spoke Saturday evening, four 
times Sabbath, also Monday and Tues- 
day evenings in country churches and 
school house. The attendance was re- 
, markably good. Many worked hard all 
day in the harvest fields, and drove miles 
at night that they might hear the preach- 
er that was opposing secret societies. A 
majority of those attending were young 
men and women. I can imagine, as the 
young man was seeing the lady of his 
choice home after the meeting, that she 
would tell him if he wished to marry her 
he would have to keep away from the se- 
cret lodges. The most sensible young 
ladies in this country don't like the 
lodges. There were many glad to help 
~by subscribing for the Cynosure. 

The ten-mile stage drive over the 
mountain, and the cordial welcome in 
the Fulton Valley was cheering. Re- 
formers were ready as ever to help. At a 
meeting of the young people of the Se- 
ceder church I was given an opportu- 
nity to speak. Their subject for the even- 
ing was, "Forsaking God," Scripture, 
Deuteronomy 28: 20. How can the in- 
dividual or the church forsake God faster 
than by upholding institutions that cast 
him out by law and practice? 

The meeting held in the German Bap- 
tist Brethren Church, Elizabethtown, 
Pa., last month, after I wrote, was all 
that could have been expected. Elder 
J. H. Longenecker, of Palmyra, Pa., 
drove twelve miles that he might be pres- 
ent at this meeting. He subscribed for 
our paper and assured me that he would 
be glad to help arrange lectures in his 

district. This may open new fields as 
soon as I can enter. 

I came within one minute of missing 
the train that took me from Lancaster to 
Elizabethtown. An engine on a side 
railroad ran off the track. There was an 
exciting drive of sixteen miles over the 
hills in an hour and a half and the train 
reached just as it was pulling out of the 
station two minutes late,. Had the train 
left on time I could not have reached the 
large audience that awaited my coming. 
Who will say that God did not answer 
the prayer for this meeting? Appoint- 
ments here are as follows : Country U. B. 
Church, to-morrow morning; Franklin- 
town U. B. Church, afternoon; Monday, 
Lutheran Church, Dillsburg (probably); 
Tuesday, U. B. Church, Carlisle; Wed- 
nesday, U. B. Church, Boiling Springs. 
Other meetings will follow. With songs 
of praise let us keep sweet and move for- 
ward to victory. Remember there is 
nothing so sour as a soured reformer. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

@ur @ue0tiott iramer. 

If you do not see what you want ask for it, 

Q. Why are some people so much op- 
posed to college secret societies ? 

A. Because they believe that college 
secret societies are decidedly injurious to 
the moral character of the young men 
and women belonging to them — especial- 
ly the young men. Besides detracting 
from that manly independence which 
young men ought to cultivate during 
their college life, these fraternities fre- 
quently lead them into drunken revels 
and brawls, inducing conviviality rather 
than study. Initiation into those college 
societies is simply a gross and groveling 
burlesque upon common sense, many 
times ending in the death of their victim. 
They promote no good result, but gen- 
erally evil, and have no valid excuse for 
their existence. 

O. While society is in its present con- 
dition State universities must be irrelig- 
ious, and they are generally infidel, hence 
does The Cynosure consider these State 
schools a blessing or a curse and danger 
to our country ? H. E. S. 

A. No better answer can be given than 



August, 1899. 

is given in the various articles on the 
subject in this number of The Cynosure, 
but our readers are especially' requested 
to read the communication herein by 
Rev. Edwin S. Carr. 

Q. What is the meaning of Mah-hah- 
bone, the great Masonic pass-word?' 

A. It means nothing. It is simply 
gibberish and not founded on any lan- 
guage dead or living, but as Masonry 
itself is a substitute for the truth of God, 
revealed in his word, so Mah-hah-bone 
is a substitute for the name of God. 

Q. What are Orangemen, and what is 
the Loyal Orange Society, who recently 
celebrated July 12? 

A. The Orange Society is an importa- 
tion from the north of Ireland, as Ma- 
sonry is an importation from the south 
of England. Orangemen claim to be 
ultra-Protestants, hating the Pope and 
Popery, and while they also claim Amer- 
ican citizenship they are sworn to assem- 
ble on July 12 every year to celebrate 
"the glorious, pious and immortal mem- 
ory" of an English king — William III., 
Prince of Orange — after whom they are 
called Orangemen. For a full account of 
Orangeism read Ronayne's new book 
when published. 

Q. Must a Masonic candidate drink 
wine out of a human skull ? 

A. He must when taking the degree 
of Knight Templar and Knight of Ka- 

Q. In his essay Bro. I. J. Lansing 
says that in the "Royal Arch" degree the 
following words occur in the oath : "I 
promise and swear that a companion 
Royal Arch Mason's secrets, given me 
in charge as such, shall remain as secure 
and inviolable in my breast as in his own, 
murder and treason not excepted." In 
Ezra A. Cook's exposition I fail to find 
these words. Who is wrong? Is the 
oath different in different States ? 

A. Prior to and for years after the 
murder of Captain Morgan by the Ma- 
sons of Western New York, the clause 
referred to in the above question formed 
a part of the Royal Arch oath of the Ma- 
sonic system. It is found in Duncan's 
Ritual, considered by R. A. Masons to be 
generally correct. The Royal Arch oath, 
however, has been modified in later 
years, doubtless owing to the constant 
discussions and exposures at national 

and State conventions of the N. C. A.„ 
the change being made by the General 
Grand Royal Arch Chapter of the Uni- 
ted States, so that now those words and 
one or two other objectionable clauses, 
do not occur in the oath. The Master 
Mason's oath they consider to be suf- 
ficiently iron-clad to. cover all Masonic 
delinquinces and misdemeanors. 

Q. How soon will Bro. Ronayne's 
book be published ? 

A. We understand that it is in the 
hands of a committee who, we are in- 
formed, have already passed upon it, and 
doubtless in a short time — possibly be- 
fore our next issue — it will be in the 
hands of the printer. Mr. Ronayne's lack 
of sufficient funds and other causes have 
delayed this publication so far, but he 
still hopes that the friends throughout the 
country will respond more promptly and 
thus enable him when this book is fin- 
ished to "owe no man anything." 

Pacific €oa$t Mttoz. 

REV. P. B. WILLIAMS, Salem, Ore. 

This means a letter each month repre- 
senting the state of affairs on this coast. 
As I am so situated that it is impossible 
for me to go to each place and secure 
the news, I must depend somewhat on 
friends of the cause sending me items 
from month to month. 

Mr. J. Ingman, of Portland, under date 
of June 19, says : "Sweet Cynosure, I 
will keep this paper for life. Brother 
Williams, keep on going and delivering 
souls from the lodge. Those whom 
Christ sets free are free indeed." Mr. 
Ingman has been a subscriber to The 
Cynosure since I first spoke in Portland 
on the lodge evil. From the way he talks 
and writes we can count him a life sub- 
scriber. /This cause needs many more 
like him. Rev. J. B. Crooks, of Marsh- 
field, Ore., one of my pastors this year, is 
a seceder from two or three lodges. He 
needs no special assistance on the line of 
handling lodgeites. He is an expert. He 
knows by personal experience what some 
of us have had to learn in other ways. 
Rev. P. A. Mattson, of Tacoma, Wash., 
under date of June 26, says : "I rejoice 
to know that you are in the battle still. 

August, 1899. 



May God strengthen you in this good 
work. If I cannot do more I shall pray 
for you while you train the guns on the 
battlements of the lodge. The more I 
study the lodge question the more I see 
that the whole concern is a work of the 
devil. A secret society in our city had an 
outing last Sunday, and of course, as 
usual, had dancing, drinking, etc. These 
secret societies not only go out by them- 
selves, but draw with them many others 
who are not secret society members, am 1 
'break them in,' in breaking the Sab- 
bath, drinking and dancing. And with 
these sins many others follow." Prof. 
Davis, of Philomoth, in a letter of recent 
date, says : "For the grand reform prin- 
ciples of the United Brethren Church, 
including her idea of holiness and devo- 
tion to truth and right, I left the Meth- 
odist Church years ago. Were it not for 
these sacred doctrines I would still be in 
that church." Prof. Davis is a strong 
man, a graduate of Delaware College 
and one of the very best instructors on 
this coast. 

While at Newport, Ore., recently I 
picked up a nice, artistic program, an- 
nouncing an Odd Fellow's ball. To-day 
as I came down on the train I noticed a 
lot of lodge people come aboard, and the 
coming dance was the sum of their con- 
versation. Can any Christian fail to see 
the tendency of lodges ? An amusing in- 
cident occurred to-day (July 4) on the 
north-bound Southern Pacific train. The 
car was crowded; the man behind me 
was full of something stronger than 
water. He gave a lady half of the seat. 
Her husband came in very soon, v.ry 
much in the same condition of the man 
by her side. When the husband had 
staggered out of the coach the man 
asked: "Is that your husband?" "He 
is." Then he said: "I notice that he is 
one of my brothers, for he wears the 
three links." She answered : "My hus- 
band is an Odd Fellow, but I do not 
think that the principles of the institution 
have helped him any." The other man, 
so drunken that he could not see straight, 
said : "I have been an Odd Fellow since 
1856, and I tell you it's made a man of 
me." I wondered what his idea of a hog 
would be. Afterward in trying to pick 
up a conversation with me, he said : 
"You are a minister, I believe? I am 

antagonistic to the church." I said: 
"You smell very antagonistic." 

The churches greatly err when they 
think by taking lodge men into the 
church they can reform them. They cor- 
rupt the church by introducing principles 
foreign to the teachings of Jesus Christ. 
Brother John Littooy, a business man of 
the city of Tacoma, says : "I bid you 
Godspeed in your noble work." I have 
five dollars subscribed for another con- 
vention in Washington, Oregon or Cali- 
fornia. Who will be the next to respond ?' 
The pastor of the Baptist Church of 
Marshfield, Ore., has pulled out of the 
Odd Fellows lodge, claiming it to be no 
place for a Christian. I hope others will 
follow his example. 

The prominent politicians here who 
tried to defeat the will of the people by 
stealing and changing the tally-sheets of 
the Mt. Angel precinct are all, so far as. 
I can learn, high lodgemen. They are 
all being excused for their crime. The 
County Clerk is a K. of P. and when he 
absconded and his whereabouts were un- 
known his lodge brethren advertised 
through the State papers "If he will re- 
turn to his State and family we will make 
good his shortage to the county." Of 
course, he returned. 

Mr. E. C. Roberts, of Plainview, Ore., 
has come out from the A. O. U. W.'s and 
publicly pronounces against the whole 
business. Mr. Geo. Frey, of Brownsville,. 
Ore., announces that he has quit the 
lodge and is defending the Christian re- 
ligion against the whole board of lodges. 

James Newman, of Plainview, Ore., an 
ex-Odd Fellow, is still on the warpath 
against the works of darkness. He is a 
host. With such a man as Rev. M. H. 
Nichols for pastor he will hold his own, 
I am certain, against the lodges. 

The Oregon conference United Breth- 
ren in Christ, is loyal to a man on the 
secrecy question. At the recent session 
at Oregon City, the lodges got some 
hard raps. 

"The Grand Lodge of Washington and lis 
apologists aro the ones who have drawn the 
color lino, or olso why do they not recognize 
the clandestine Grand Lodge of Ohio? Their 
descent is unquestionably legitimate, hut 
they aro white, yon know."— Texas Free 



August, 1899. 

kcthm f 


Chin Ging, the Wylie avenue Chi- 
nese laundry man, was received to mem- 
bership in the Eighth Street Reformed 
Presbyterian Church, Pittsburg, Pa., the 
-other night. He has been in America for 
about nine years, and for the last eight 
years has been connected with the Chi- 
nese Sabbath school of the Eighth Street 
Church. ' Chin would have joined the 
church two or three years ago, but as he 
was a member of the Chinese Masons, he 
could not be admitted under the rules of 
the denomination. The other night he 
pronounced the order "no good" and was 

Chairman: "Brother S., you have not 
got the floor! That name is offensive to 
one of our present members ; therefore it 
had to be stricken out, and that ends the 

Brother S. wanted to reply again, but 
was positively commanded to sit down 
and remain quiet. But he declared: "In 
such a society, in which I am not allowed 
to confess my Savior, I cannot remain. 
Please strike my name also off the list on 
your roll." — The Christian Guide, York, 


"He that denieth me before men shall 
oe denied before the angels of God." 
Luke 12: 9. 

Mr. S. belonged to a secret lodge in 
which the name of Jesus was frequently 
repeated in the opening prayer by the 
Moral Teacher. For a long time he had 
no idea that his lodge was opposed to the 
rgospel of Christ. But one evening he 
came into the hall a little earlier than 
usual. Taking up a lodge book and turn- 
ing over the leaves he noticed that in one 
of the prayers the name of Jesus was 
-crossed out. In surprise he turned over 
more leaves and found that wherever the 
name of Jesus occurred in the book it 
was crossed out. 

As soon as the lodge opened its ses- 
sion he requested permission to speak. 
When permission was given he asked 
why the name of Jesus had been crossed 
out in all the prayers in the lodge book. 

The chairman replied: "Brother S., at 
our last meeting a Jew was received as a 
brother; the name of Jesus is offensive 
to him, and therefore it had to be strick- 
en out." 

Brother S. replied: "But the name of 
Jesus is to me the dearest and most 
precious name in the world." 

Chairman: "Brother S., you are out of 

Brother S.: "Yes, but- " 

artjmg muts 

"Tlie Improved Order of Red Men should 
be composed of the Improved Order of 
White Men." 

But if white men of an improved or- 
der, would they be Red Men? 

"The Pacific Mason claims that the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois, at its last meeting, in- 
dorsed the "negro resolutions" of the Grand 
Lodge of Washington. How about that, 
Brother Illinois Free Mason?" 

And how about negro resolutions in a 
universal fraternity, anyway, Brother 
Pacific Mason? 

"Freemasonry is a universal frater- 
nity;" "men of every country, sect and 
opinion may unite with it." — Amer. Ty- 

We know that very well ; but the puz- 
zle is, how, after all, it is "founded on the 
Bible," if it is very religious, yet meets 
the views of men of all opinions in every 
country, Christian, Mohammedan or 

"If all men were Odd Fellows, and all Odd 
Fellows would live up to the obligations of 
the order, earth would be such a happy place 
that the angels would make it their pleasure 
resort."— Odd Fellow Sittings. 

Not till all the women were Rebekahs. 
That remark goes up like a rocket but 
comes down like a stick. The angels 
would demand Christ's own rendering 
of the Parable of the Good Samaritan, 
and reject the Odd Fellow twist of inter- 
pretation which reverses its meaning and 
empties it of its original purpose to an- 
swer in the broadest way a narrowing 
question. Odd Fellowship answers the 

August, 1899. 



question as the questioner wished it an- 
swered. No, we are afraid those angel 
visits would be few and far between. 

"If a medical examination is required of 
an applicant for membership in a tribe, a 
brother applying for reinstatement must be 
examined."— Buckeye Trail. 

The medical examination must be to 
discover whether the applicant is sick, or 
halt or blind, and so a desirable subject 
to call out and keep in exercise the great 
virtue of fraternal charity ! • 

"I am glad to report a large increase in the 
number of uniformed bands organized since 
last session. There is no better way to ad- 
vertise the order and keep it before the peo- 
ple than tnrough a medium of this kind. And 
if a plan could be devised by which at each 
of our annual sessions we could have a large 
number of our members present in uniform, 
it would be of vast benefit to the order."— 
Buckeye Trail. 

Why not advertise in the Cynosure? 
We can quote you reasonable rates. 

"We thank the Great Spirit that the sweet 
harbinger of peace has unfurled its wings 
and rests once more over our land. Through 
the rift in the clouds we can see the golden 
sunlight of a brighter day. Prosperity and 
happiness on the wings of the morning will 
once more bless our common country. Let 
us hail it with gladness. Let us be active 
and ready to reap the blessings that will 
come to our country, our order and our- 
selves."— Buckeye Trail. 

The question before the class is wheth- 
er that paragraph illustrates, in its end- 
ing, climax or anti-climax? We incline 
to the view that it is the true secret so- 
ciety climax. We are also puzzled by the 
question, What is the sweet harbinger of 
peace really doing; and, in fact, what 
it looks like? 


"Suspensions of members for non-payment 
of dues goes on with remarkable regularity 
in all fraternal orders, and they are made in 
many cases— we may say, in most cases — 
without any inquiry being made into the 
financial condition of the brother. There is 
a cold, calculating cent-per-cent. principle in 
the matter which overrides all considerations 
of fraternity, of brotherhood, of justice, 
sometimes."— Odd Fellows' Companion, 
June, 1899. » 

That is to say, "Business is business," 
and insurance business is itself always 
and everywhere; no matter how many 
emblems, ceremonies and claims of some- 
thing besides business are added. Dues 
and benefits are money matters. What 
if all insurance organizations paraded 
links and held forth on the subjects of 
fraternity and friendship, while collect- 
ing dues and premiums. Fortunately all 
are not ridiculous. 


"There seems to be a disposition to ex- 
pend (not to say squander) the lodge 
funds upon furniture, paraphernalia, etc. 
The result is that when there is a call for 
charity many lodges excuse themselves 
for not answering it with the plea, 'No 
funds in the treasury.' " — Amer. Tyler, 
June 15, 1899. 

"The order would be better off with 
less lodges ; especially lodges composed 
of Masons, who are not willing to 'pay 
their own way.' " — Amer. Tyler. 

;£ jj; 

"It has come to be a proverb" 
'if you want to depend on charity join 
the Masons, and get — nothing.' This 
will bear thinking of. Let every Mason 
put on his thinking cap and consider it."" 
— Amer. Tvler. 


"The writer has held to the opinion for 
more than half of his Masonic life that it 
is practically untrue to say that 'Masonry 
is a secret society,' at least in the general 
acceptance of the term. Its principles 
and its labors are known and recognized 
wherever want and human suffering have 
trailed the earth in tears and anguish, or 
mortality and its literature have blended 
to mold and elevate human action." — 
John R. Anderson, quoted in the Mason- 
ic Chronicle. 

This may be extended further than it 
is by this Mason. The ceremonies are 
not secret, the ritual is public, the pledge 
to conceal crimes and aid criminals is 
well known. It is in a way very true, 
that, as this Mason says, "Masonry is 
not a secret society." 



August, 1899. 

torn ®ur JltatL 


Thawville, 111. 
I was disappointed in not being able 
to attend the annual meeting. I was 
•called away from home about that time 
and did not feel able to attend the meet- 
ing when I returned. I hope, however, 
with the first of next month to show you 
by a little token that I have not lost any 
of my interest in the good cause. In- 
deed I know that this can never be for the 
•deadly blight of the lodge is over all the 
land to-day. 


Coleta, 111. 

Rest assured, dear brother, that I am, 
as ever before, in the thickest of the 
fight against organized lodgism. I see 
nothing but evil in the whole system. I 
am willing to wait and pray and work 
for its overthrow, but we feel confident 
that God will soon accomplish a great 
work against the evil. 

God bless the association and the an- 
nual meeting is my prayer. 


Mallet Creek, Ohio. 
I hope and pray the Lord's blessing 
may be with you in large measure, and 
that he may direct in all your delibera- 
tions, so that much good may result from 
the meeting. 

W. W. AMES. 

Menomonie, Wis. 

Mrs. Ames writes : Mr. Ames has 
been sick now nearly three months from 
a stroke of apoplexy, and though he is 
slowly improving he will not be able to 
attend the meeting. He is able, how- 
ever, to do some work in spreading" the 
light on secretism by writing to different 
ones on the subject and sending them 
literature, of which we always have a 
supply, and we write it, too. 

Mr. Ames was 70 years of age the 25th 
of December, 1898, and never strong. 
His work now seems nearly at its close. 

But his simple trust in Jesus, his confi- 
dence in His soon coming, and his joy 
in beholding the fulfillment of the signs 
of that longed-for time is a foretaste of 
the happiness the Redeemed will ex- 
perience when they shall meet their 
"coming king/' He wishes to be remem- 
bered in love to all and prays for success 
for all right measures in the work of the 


Broadway, Knox County, Tenn. 
I have looked forward to our annual 
meeting with interest, and meant to have 
written to you. I have had fever three 
weeks, and though broken, I am very, 
very weak. I hope and pray that this 
meeting may be characterized by the 
visits of the Holy Spirit as the other 
meetings have been. I believe the prin- 
ciples we seek to promote are God's prin- 
ciples of truth, and success ultimately is 
as sure as God lives. With 'kind regards 
to all the dear members. 


Zanesville, Ind. 
It would be the height of my pleasure 
to be at the meeting, but at present it 
doesn't seem possible for the want of bet- 
ter health in my household. Now I will 
say I would rather pay the half-dollar 
more and have the paper weekly. May 
the Lord bless your efforts. 


Willimatic, Conn. 

When I look back thirty years to the 
time this reform v/as organized by Pres- 
ident Jonathan Blanchard and others and 
compare the then existing darkness upon 
the subject of secret societies with the 
light which prevails at the present time 
I can but rejoice. What would have 
been the condition of things at the pres- 
ent time had not the N. C. A. been or- 
ganized, and in obedience to the Holy 
Spirit through The Cynosure, "cried 
aloud" and shown the people the abom- 
inations being committed behind tyled 
doors ? 

The writer is one of those who felt 
very nruch grieved when The Cynosure 

August, 1899. 



was changed from a weekly to, a month- 
ly magazine. But it has improved so 
much and is so full of good things that 
we would not wish to have it changed 
back to its former style. 


Long Beach, Cal. 
Beloved co-workers : Our work is 
truly great and large. We seem to be 
far from each other in the field "not on 
the wall"). But our God helps in all 
ways. Hence no time to waste in look- 
ing at our surroundings. We are now 
about fifty miles from home, at Long 
Beach, a summer resort, a grand place to 
preach Jesus. This the devil-doers do 
not like to hear. 


Monmouth, 111. 
If it is at all possible I will be present 
at the annual meeting and conference. 
After all, I may be prevented. If I can 
in any way arrange matters according to 
my own preference the annual meeting 
will receive attention. 


1138 East Wall street. 

Fort Scott, Kansas. 
I greatly desire to meet with you at the 
coming meeting of the N. C. A. and will 
if possible for me to do so. I am serv- 
ing three Congregational Churches this 
year. God bless you all. In love and 
baste, your sincere brother. 


Augusta, 111. 
You can say to the brethren while it 
would be an esteemed privilege to be 
with you in annual meeting, the infirmi- 
ties of age would seem to forbid a per- 
sonal presence. In spirit, in sympathy, 
and prayer you shall be affeetionately 
remembered. I will here add that to me 
a change of The Cynosure from a week- 
ly to a monthly publication has always 
seemed like a retrograde movement, a 
weakening of our testimony against se- 
cret organizations. Could not a finan- 
cial response be had from the patrons of 
the paper in regard to the propriety of a 
weekly publication? Jno. Stahl. 

The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTfNUANCES.-We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
ascriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for Thb Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Address ah let ers pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the in erestsof 
the National Cnristian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 22 1 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, ill. 

July, August and September are heavy 
months for us every year. We would 
be very much helped if those who are in 
arrears would pay up now. Will not 
such of our readers who are in arrears 
kindly help by sending in the amount 
owing on their subscription. 

Do all of our subscribers realize that 
they can get the Cynosure and the New 
York Weekly Tribune for only $1.25. If 
any one desires to have a sample copy of 
the Tribune before sending the $1.25, let 
him send a postal card request. The 
Weekly Tribune gives the secular news 
of the week and market reports. 

The July number of the Cynosure 
must have been an extra good one for 
Miss Flagg writes: "The July number 
was exceedingly strong and good, and 
cannot fail to do effective work wherever 
it goes." Secretary J. P. Stoddard writes: 
"The July Cynosure meets with favor 
and pleases us all." A newspaper writer 
of the East says: "The July number has 
come and I think it a fine Independence 
number." Rev. W. B. Stoddard praises 
it. One man ordered fifty copies for 
Canada, and quite a number have been 
ordered for other places. Let us thank 
God, but let every one try and enlarge 
the subscription list. 



August, 1899. 

The suggestion to send the Cynosure 
to libraries bore fruit in a liberal dona- 
tion from our friend, Mr. C. W. Sterry. 

If our readers know of parents whose 
children are expecting to go away to 
college this fall and will send their names, 
I will gladly send to such a copy of this 
number of the Cynosure. I trust none 
will fail to read the article by Rev. Ed- 
win S. Carr on "The College to Which 
Christian Parents Should Send Their 
Children," and also that on the "King's 
Meat," by Mr. Edmond Ronayne. No- 
tice the suggestion that parents them- 
selves are in danger of offering the 
"King's Meat" to their children instead 
of guarding them from it. How did you 
enjoy the new Home Department in the 
July number? Do not fail to read it in 
this number. More attention should be 
given to teaching the children that the 
lodges are a false worship of the same 
nature as those they learn about in the 
Old Testament. Will not parents see 
that they themselves and their children 
sign the pledge on page 127 of this num- 
ber? Can you not circulate it in your 
class in Sunday school? If blanks are 
needed, they can be obtained at this of- 
fice at the rate of twenty-five for ten 
cents. Tear out the blank in this num- 
ber of the Cynosure and use it as sug- 
gested in the Home Department. 

Dear Bro. Phillips: The July number 
of the Christian Cynosure reached me on 
the morning of the 4th. I will tell you 
how I celebrated Independence Day. I 
read the Cynosure very carefully. I read 
it the second time. And then I asked 
God to bless the National Christian As- 
sociation. I spent the evening calling on 
friends and warning them of the dan- 
gers of secrecy. Hoosier Ex-Secretist. 

Mr. Frank .Noe, of College Springs, 
Iowa, has undertaken some greatly need- 
ed colporteur work for the National 
Christian Association and incidentally to 
canvass for the Christian Cynosure. 
Brother Noe was a delegate at our last 
annual meeting. The Cynosure trusts 
that its readers will remember its work- 
ers in prayer. 

Please do not lay this paper down un- 
til you have examined the date in con- 
nection with your name on the yellow 
tab, and if your subscription has expired, 
or is about to expire, please renew with- 
out delay. Any one renewing and send- 
ing a new subscription at the same time 
can have the two papers sent one year 
each for the total of $1.75. 

Scribner's Magazine for July has as a 
frontispiece a fine wood engraving of 
Gustav Kruell. It is from a very rare 
daguerrotype of Daniel Webster, and ac- 
companies Senator Hoar's paper on 
Webster, for which he has been collect- 
ing material for many years. There are 
a number of unpublished manuscripts, 
and some new material revealing how 
Webster prepared his great speeches. 
Parallel passages are given, showing re- 
markable divergence between the spoken 
and written orations. Another Webster 
paper will appear in the August number. 

In the Ladies' Home Journal there is. 
a delightful view of social life in the 
Colonial days in "When Washington 
Was Married," which brings to light 
many new, interesting facts. A series of 
narratives tells of the follies and eccen- 
tricities of Ludwig II. of Bavaria. The 
gifts to our government from foreign 
powers are described in "Presents That 
Have Come to Uncle Sam." Ian Mac- 
laren discusses the pulpit and the pew in 
an article on "How to Make the Most of 
Your Minister," and Katherine Rioch 
writes of "The College-bred Woman in 
Her Home." 


A New England sea captain made a 
voyage to India. While in port there a 
wealthy Malay merchant came on board, 
who asked him if he had any tracts he 
could part with. The captain was sur- 
prised at such a request from a heathen, 
and asked him: 

"What do you want with English 
tracts? You cannot read them." 

"True, but I have use for them never- 
theless," said the Malay, through an in- 
terpreter. "Whenever one of your coun- 
try or of England call on me to trade I 
put a tract in his way and watch him. If 

August, 1899. 



"he reads it with interest I infer that he 
•willl not cheat men. If he throws it aside 
with contempt or an oath or profanity, 
I have no more to do with him. I can- 
not trust him." 

Little as this man knew of Christianity, 
Tie had learned that a man who did not 
reverence the truth of God was not care- 
ful for the rights of man, and was a man 
to be avoided. 

The N. C. A. tracts are good character 
testers. Try them. There are hundreds 
of "Lodge Lamps" on our shelves that 
can be had by those who will pay the 
postage needed to send them through 
the mails. Ten cents will pay for forty. 


Westfield, 111., June 24, 1899. 

Editor Cynosure : Westfield College 
stands for a liberal education, guided by 
Christian principles. It offers the usual 
college courses, all of standard strength 
and character, a preparatory course of 
three years, a normal course of four 
years, and adjunct work in music, elo- 
cution, stenography and bookkeeping. 
Within the past year extensive improve- 
ments have been made in the college 
building. This college is located in a 
"dry" town. No liquor is sold in West- 
field for any purpose, and the town is 
free from the twin evils that accompany 
the saloon.' 

The literary societies of the college are 
of a high order. No Greek letter frater- 
nities or college secret societies are al- 
lowed, and the social forces are not dissi- 
pated in them, and are utilized to the 
moral and literary progress of the stu- 
dents. This interest obviates any trou- 
ble from lodge attendance outside of the 
college. No rule is found necessary on 
this point. The college year opens the 
first Wednesday in September.. Yours 
truly, W. S. Reese, President. 


Schaghticoke, N. Y., July 10, 1899. 
Wm. I. Phillips — Dear Brother: I want 
to make a statement to the readers of the 
Cynosure in regard to the error in pub- 
lishing my letter in the May Cynosure. 
I wrote quite a long letter, giving my 
recollection of the Morgan times, stat- 

ing that I was then 13 years old. I did 
not state my present age, and the editor 
in abridging my letter erroneously gave 
my age as 70. I wrote to him immedi- 
ately and he acknowledged his error and 
promised to correct it in the next issue. 
And, after two months, instead of cor- 
recting, he repeats it in the July number, 
keeping me in the same predicament of 
stating from memory what occurred 
three years before I was born. I want to 
say that I was born on the 226. of April, 
A. D. 181 3, and am 86 instead of 70. 

Jacob Ackart. 

In the American Monthly Review of 
Reviews for July the editor reviews the 
work of our delegation at The Hague up 
to date, presenting the latest phases of 
the arbitration question, with some con- 
sideration of its bearings on the present 
international situation. Among other 
topics discussed in "The Progress of the 
World" this month are "tariff trusts" as 
a political issue, the Dreyfus vindication, 
the war in the Philippines, the recent 
change in the civil service rules, and the 
newly elected college presidents. There 
is also an article on French Masonry. 

Please do not forget this special 25- 
cent offer. For that sum we will send 
the Cynosure to the end of the year. We 
want the paper to find its way into every 
Christian family who have never taken 
it. If you know of any one who is not 
now reading the paper, will you not call 
his attention to this offer? If you desire 
to send it yourself and wish us to notify 
them that it will not be charged for and 
will stop when the time is out unless the 
subscription is sent in, we will send such 
notice without charge. 

The Social Forum is a new monthly 
magazine, 50 cents per year. Address 
Edwin D. Wheelock, 153 La Salle street, 
Chicago. The Social Forum will stand 
for a real republic and real democracy in 
which the people shall rule; for a real 
commonwealth in which the things 
which make wealth shall be common to 
all; for a real Christianity in which the 
Golden Rule of mutual and loving ser- 
vice shall be the guiding principle, a 
Christianity urgyved by man-made form- 
ulas or denominational conventions." 



August, 1899. 


June 25, 1899. 
Wm. I. Phillips — Dear Sir: The ob- 
ject of our school is the formation of 
Christian character, and none of our stu- 
dents have anything to do with fraterni- 
ties. Very truly yours, 

E. A. Sutherland, President. 
Battle Creek, Mich. 

§55$ an5 €n&0. 

Angry Mother: "Now, Bobby, don't 
let me speak to you again." Bobby 
(helplessly): "How can I prevent you, 

One day a young man called on Shake- 
speare, the eminent English singing- 
master, to have his voice tried. Shake- 
speare heard him sing a song or two, and 
then the youth asked: "What branch of 
the profession do you advise me to go in 
for, sir?" "Auctioneer," was the teach- 
er's reply. 

In the Mason's bib I glory, 
Stretching o'er my abdomen; 

All the innocence of ages, 

It describes, when it is clean. 

Bribes and public steals unending 
The. apron still doth sanctify; 

Buy it, wear it, and then wash it, 
You will need it when you die. 

State Superintendent of Schools Stet- 
son was visiting a school down in Pem- 
broke, and asked some interesting ques- 
tions about the little things of the world 
about us. "How many seed compart- 
ments are there in an apple?" he queried. 
No one knew. "And yet," said the State 
Superintendent, "all of you eat many ap- 
ples in the course of a year and see the 
fruit every day, probably. You must 
learn to notice the little things in nature." 
The talk of the State Superintendent im- 
pressed the children. They earnestly dis- 
cussed the matter at recess time, and the 
teacher the next day overheard this con- 
versation in the play-yard: A little girl 
got some of her companions around her, 
and gravely said, "Now, children, make 

believe that I'm Mr. Stetson. You've 
got to know more about common things. 
If you don't you'll all grow up to be 
fools. Now, tell me," she said, looking 
sternly at a playmate, "how many feath- 
ers has a hen?" — Bangor Commercial. 

"A Council D. of P. cannot enact a: 
law prohibiting male members from 
speaking in a council." — Buckeye Trail. 

Nor enforce one prohibiting female 

"The tribe has no right to exempt any 
member from the payment of dues." — 
Buckeye Trail. 

Nor disposition either; in which it is 
not unlike the whole so-called fraternal 

"If the fees are paid the tribe cannot 
donate them back to the applicant." — 
Buckeye Trail. 

Then he had better not donate them to- 
the noble Red Men. 

"If you strike a thorn or rose, 

Keep agoin', 
If it hails, or if it snows, 
Keep agoin'. 
'Taint no use to sit and whine, 
When the fish ain't on your line, 
Bait your hook and keep on tryin'. 
Keep agoin'." 
— Atlanta Constitution. 

Literal translation of a joke from the 
Fliegende Blaetter: Small Boy: "Mother, 
a rat into the milkpail fallen has." Moth- 
er: "Have you therefrom the rat taken?" 
S. B.: "Nein, I have therein the cat 

The Trestle Board has an article in 
which "the origin of Modern Masonry is: 
traced to the secred mysteries of the 
Mayas of Yucatan, eleven thousand five 
hundred years ago." Much of it is copied 
from Le Plongeon's work. 

Why not make it eleven thousand 
years and five minutes? 

The other day Johnnie saw a branded 
mustang on the street. "Oh, mamma," 
he shouted, "just look how they've gone 
and vaccinated the poor thing!" 

August, 1899. 



Jlettr0{iapet0 artt) 3fcform» 


Assorted Tracts on Secret Societies; Se- 
cret Societies— Blessing or Curse? Thirteen 
Reasons Why Not a Free Mason; Stories of 
the Gods; Secret Oaths; F. M. on Trial; F. 
M. as Religion; Freemasonry at a Glance; 
Lectures and Sermons on Masonry; Masonry 
a Work of Darkness; Oaths and Penalties of 
Masonry; Masonic Outrages; Masonic Sal- 
vation; Murder of Morgan by Masons; 
Seven Secret Societies Illustrated; The Anti- 
Ma sonic Scran Book; Good Templarism Il- 
lustrated; Character of Freemasonry (Pres. 
Finney); Freemasonry Illustrated; Handbook 
of Freemasonry (Exposure); Master's Carpet, 
Baal Worship, etc.; Mah-Hah-Bone (last 
two books in one); Light on Freemasonry-— 
India Watchman, Bombay, India. 

Such a Watchman for India, and for 
Bombay, with its twenty Masonic lodges, 
is to be hailed. 

We notice that President Finney's 
book costs one rupee, and might there 
not be a missionary contribution to the 
India Watchman to distribute such a 
book? Lawrence's rum goes to Africa, 
and his Masonry to Asia; now send Fin- 
ney's book and by all means save some. 

Since our last issue the Christian Con- 
servator of Huntington, Ind., has twice 
published on the lodge. We quote one 

"That secret societies subvert law, unjust- 
ly seek preference, and in no unimportant 
sense produce anarchy was taught by George 
Washington in his farewell address, and 
demonstrated repeatedly in our country. A 
clear case of the legitimate workings of se- 
cret orders is now before the country in 
Cleveland, Ohio. The secret order union 
formed by workmen on the street car lines of 
Cleveland is now parading before the coun- 
try. The Cleveland Plain Dealer tells us 
that the report of Chief Dickerson to Direc- 
tor Ilyman revealed a serious condition of 
affairs. By order of the Mayor and fire di- 
rector men had been sent out to inspect the 
streets on which Hie tracks of the Big Con- 
solidated were reported to have been ob- 
structed, that the location and nature of the 
obstructions might be known in case of an 
alarm of fire. It was found that twenty- 
four street obstructions exist which would 
either prevent the passage of the department 
apparatus in case of fire or imperil the safety 
of the apparatus and firemen. These are the 

natural fruits of workmen's secret orders. 
They injure the chances of workmen for em- 
ployment, prevent capital from investing in 
what is dependent on labor, and is really 
mob violence in which no Christian nor good 
citizen can innocently engage. These orders 
are wrong." 

The Christian Instructor of Philadel- 
phia, in its July number, has a good ar- 
ticle on the evil influence of Odd Fellow- 
ship on juries. The closing paragraph 

"The murderer was tried in Burlington, 
Iowa, and should have gone to the gallows 
or to the penitentiary for life, but was ac- 
quitted, and, on returning home, was met at 
the depot by his brother Odd Fellows, who 
showered upon him a jubilee of congratula- 
tions. The attorney who cleared him con- 
fessed privately that it was by getting Odd 
Fellows upon the jury." 


Translation of French Freemasonry in the 
first May number of the Revue des Deux 

The writer divides Frenchmen into two 
classes — those who believe in the existence 
of Freemasonry and those who do not; the 
former usually laugh at Masonry, the latter 
laugh at the former. 

We are told that Masonry has a language 
of its own in which the foolish and the wise 
alike express themselves in the same set 
terms, individuality and originality are 
effaced, and entering into a lodge is like go- 
ing to sleep. There is a singular account of 
a Masonic marriage, in which, contrary to 
Catholic doctrine, it is declared • that in all 
nature love is the sovereign regulator of life 
and the great unconscious force which pre- 
sides across the ages over the harmonic an- 
tagonism of heredity and adaptation. The 
bridegroom receives three kisses from the 
great expert and then passes them on to his 
wife, while the brothers make a sort of roof 
of swords over the heads of the young 
couple, and obtain from them a promise that 
their children shall be brought up "in respect 
for science 1 and reason, in contempt of super- 
stitions, and in the love of the principles of 
the Masonic order." An attempt seems to- 
have been recently made to abolish all. or 
nearly all of the symbolism which 'charac- 
terizes French Masonry, but it failed, -lie- 
view of iveviews. .Inly. 1899. 

The Christian Harvester, of Cleveland. 
Ohio, has the following item in its July. 
1899, number: 



August, 1899. 

The following is abridged from Carradine: 
"1. The fraternities grow angry when inves- 
tigated. 2. ^ecrecy is objectionable. 3. The 
method of initiation is wrong. 4. These or- 
ders are very costly. 5. They impose their 
influence on our courts of law. 6. They are 
rapidly becoming carnival gatherings. 7. 
They strike at the happiness of the home. 
8. They rob Christ of his glory. 9. They 
diminish church attendance. 10. They hurt 
the church financially. 11. The chaplaincy 
is often wrongly occupied. 12. They cap- 
ture the preachers, and thus muzzle the pul- 
pit. 13. They are used by many as substi- 
tutes for the church." 

The Christian Mission Herald, of 
Bridgeton, Barbadoes, West Indies, for 
June, 1899, has a most excellent article 
•of some thirteen hundred words on Se- 
cret Societies, from the standpoint of a 
Christian and patriot. We quote one 
item : 

"The avowed reason of some for joining 
these lodges is for protection to their families 
in the event of sickness or death. It is quite 
right and proper for a man to take care of 
his family, and to make all lawful provision 
for their wants; but, for a Christian to join 
the world, in order to get protection for him- 
self and family, is not only contrary to the 
Bible, and hence unlawful, but it also mani- 
fests a lamentable want of confidence in God. 
'Woe to them that go down to Egypt for 
Tielp.' So long as a Christian does his whole 
-duty to God and man — so long as he is dili- 
•gent in business, frugal and persevering, 
Jehovah is pledged to suply his wants: T 
will be a Father unto you.' " 

The Christian Nation for June 21, 
1899, has an article by Jas. G. Love that 
is well worth two readings, on the "Ful- 
fillment of God's Promises, and Some of 
the Evils of To-day." It forcefully 
touches upon the lodge evil and the 
dancing, wine-drinking Knights Tem- 
plar conclave lately held in Pittsburg, 
Pa. It says: 

"The situations in the world to-day in 
regard to existing evils are as unchanged 
as in the time of the prophets of old, and 
also the promises of God are ours to help* 
fulfill and believe as they did of old." 

A later issue of the same paper puts 
the "charity" boast very neatly as fol- 
lows : 

"Much that is done under pretense of 
friendship is for purely selfish ends. 

*'There are great organizations to-day that 

claim to befriend the needy, providing the 
needy are able to display certain badges, or 
to give certain grips and passwords, or that 
their dues are paid. They will relieve your 
need if you have previously paid them for it, 
and thrown all your influence in their favor. 
They will afford you relief if you are sworn 
to do the same for them, should occasion re- 

The growth of lodgism in our country 
during the last ten years is illustrated by 
the following figures given by the "Gos- 
pel Messenger." The total increase in 
members during that time is estimated at 
250,000 members. During 1897 the ex- 
penses for charitable (?) purposes sum- 
med up $640,000,000, while for traveling 
expenses and fees of officers, banquets, 
regalia, etc., $250,000,000 more was ex- 
pended. Adding to this the $12,000,000 
spent for rent and other incidentals, the 
money used by the lodges in this one year 
amounts of over $900,000,000. And all 
the churches of the United States raised 
only about $10,000,000 for missions dur- 
ing the same time. The journal in ques- 
tion observes: "What will the end be? 
Will the various secret orders finally 
empty the churches, just as they are now 
consuming their vitality? These are 
questions of unusual importance." It is 
indeed time that the churches wake up to 
the peril that is threatening them from 
this side ! 

The Wesleyan Methodist, Syracuse, 
N. Y., has in its June 21st issue an inter- 
esting article on "Sermonic and Masonic 
Twaddle," which we hope to give The 
Cynosure readers in some future num- 

The Lutheran Witness index for Vol- 
ume XVII. just received shows that it is 
one of the very best church papers pub- 
lished. Among other valuable articles 
published the past year are the follow- 

Secret Society Question Defined, by 
Dr. W. J. Robinson ; Modern Woodmen 
of America ; Masonry, Religion : Mason- 
ic Funeral of Notorious Drunkard, and 
Minister's Service ; Masons, Pope Re- 
moves Ban. 

Why is life the greatest riddle of all? 
Because you must give it up. 

August, 1899. 



"Immanuers Friend." E. Lincoln 
Walker, Publisher, 678 Sheffield avenue, 
Chicago, is a German paper, thoroughly 
Christian and opposed to all secret socie- 
ties. It is about to republish in its col- 
umns a booklet entitled "Lodges and 
Worldly Benevolent Societies," which is 
sold by the Lutheran Publishing House 
for 10 cents. It is in German. We hope 
our German readers will take note of 
both of the above publications. 



[Christian Advocate of Dec. 19, '98.] 

"Now I am going to dare to say (it is 
in confidence to you) what most of the 
preachers dare not whisper in their bed- 
chambers, much less their pulpits, that 
one thing that is trammeling the churches 
to-day is the lodges. They are swallow- 
ing time and money and zeal that are 
needed in the church. It is not for me 
to criticize what goes on inside of them, 
but I have seen soul after soul drawn into 
the maelstrom, the testimony for Jesus 
silenced, the seat in prayer meeting va- 
cant, the spring of joy in God dried up. 
I don't see how Christians can belong to 
anything that hides the name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ out of sight. 

"Christian men who would die rather 
than let the stars and stripes trail in the 
dust, will join hands with them that tram- 
ple on the cross of Christ, and so let their 
lives be bound up in a bundle with unbe- 
lievers. I am afraid that some of the 
wheat gets so mixed, up with the tares 
that even the angel reapers cannot dis- 
entangle it, and it will have to pass as 
tares and be treated in the same way — 
burned with them. 

"There are members of our official 
board who are never seen at prayer meet- 
ing, who stand in front of the lodge door 
one night in every week, smoking, and 
waiting for it to open, as if it were the 
gate of Paradise. Who ever saw any- 
one waiting for the church doors to be 
opened, except at a wedding? You need 
not read this to your husband, for noth- 
ing on earth would make him so mad, 
even if he is a steward. 

"I thought it was bad enough for the 
mefl to be so taken up with the business, 

but now that the women have caught the 
craze, and call themselves 'Daughters, 
of Rebekah,' 'Eastern Star,' etc., it is 
a matter for prayer and fasting. If there 
is a ridiculous object in the whole of cre- 
ation, to my mind, it is a female Mason. 
I met a lot of them — members of the 
church — during our last revival effort — 
it was mostly an effort — hurrying to 
lodge with their arms full of victuals for 
a spread. And many of these women had 
unconverted sons and daughters. Please 
don't call me an old croaker. I am not 
pleading for the old-fashioned methods 
for Methodism. But oh, for the faith and 
zeal and simplicity of the ancient days. 
Methodism has not let go of the sword 
of the Spirit, but she has so much truck 
that she is hugging tight in the other 
hand, that she has not the free use of the 
right arm. It sends me down in the dust 
before the Lord when I think that there 
might be a great tidal wave of revival 
power sweep round the world, if only 
Methodism wanted it. 


In our issue of April 26th, on page 3,. 
appeared an article under the title Ex- 
cessive Patronage of Secret Societies, 
taken from the Western Christian Advo- 
cate. The article consists of an introduc- 
tory paragraph from the editor of the 
Western Christian Advocate (M. E.), fol- 
lowed by an excerpt from another paper 
in which the sermon mentioned was orig- 
inally published. Brother J. B. Pratt, of 
Jackson, Mich., justly jealous for the 
preservation of our church against all 
forms of iniquity, and understanding the 
introductory paragraph to have been the 
words of the editor of the Wesleyan 
Methodist, calls our attention thereto and 
asks us to name the lodge which we 
would recommend. The particular sen- 
tence to which Brother Pratt calls atten- 
tion is that which reads: "One lodge is 
enough; and that should be held strictly 
subordinate to the church." 

It never occurred to us that any one 
would mistake the words of the editor of 
the Western Christian Advocate for the 
language of the editor of the Wesleyan 
Methodist. We had two objects in pub- 
lishing fchfl excerpt from the sermon: 



Augus't, 1899. 

first, it is a powerful indictment of the 
lodge; second, finding publicity in a pa- 
per of such wide circulation as that from 
which we clipped it indicates that some 
•one besides Wesleyan Methodists is 
thinking upon this great question. 

No, Brother Pratt, we do not recom- 
mend any lodge. A secret society could 
not be organized for any purpose what- 
ever which we would recommend. The 
•object might be a good one, but the 
method is contrary to the teachings of 
Christ and the whole tenor of the gos- 
pel. With our present convictions which 
are based upon the best light we can ob- 
tain we could no more recommend a se- 
cret society than we could recommend 
any other heathen system of religion. So 
far from recommending these evil organi- 
zations we constantly and urgently warn 
every one who will hear us against them. 
They are among the most deadly forces 
making for unrighteousness and iniquity 
in America to-day. — Wesleyan Metho- 
dist, May 10, 1899. 

The following was taken from the 
Free Methodist, Chicago, some time ago, 
but it is worth reprinting: 

The Masonic Tyler of recent date says : 
"Rev. Sam P. Jones, the noted evangel- 
ist, received the Red Cross, Knight 
Templar, and Knight of Malta degrees 
in Rome (Ga.) Commandery, December 
29. A banquet was given, followed by 
toasts and responses. Sir Knight Jones 
made one of the most eloquent speeches 
ever heard inside a temple in Georgia." 

After Judas denied his Lord we read, 
"And he went out and it was (k)night." 
Sir Knight Judas — "Sir Knight Jones." 
The names sound quite similar. The 
writer, ever since he had a conversation 
with Sam Jones in reference to his smok- 
ing, has not had a very high opinion of 
his piety, and now that the gloom of 
(K)night has settled upon him, what 
shall we say? "Good (K)night," or 

Bert: "I don't see any use in this geog- 
raphy lesson." Mattie: "Why, you 
goosey, it's of the greatest use. It tells 
you where to go when you can't get 
there, and describes the country and all 
that. If we had no geography, we'd get 
lost all over the world." 

Standard Works 


Seefet Societies 



221 West Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

Terms:— Cash with order, or if sent by express 
C. O. D. at least $1.00 must be sent with order a? 
& guaranty that books will be taken. Books at 
retail prices sent postpaid. Books by Mail ?-e at 
risk of persons ordering, unless 8 cents extra is 
sent to pay for registering them, when tneir safe 
delivery is guaranteed. Books at retail ordered 
by express, are sold at 10 per cent discount and 
delivery guaranteed, but not express paid. Pos$° 
age stamps taken for small sums. 


Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
The accuracy of these expositions attested by 

affidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 
^A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
-hapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 

Knight Tentplarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ri< al of the six degrees of 
the Council and Commandery, 

Hand=Book of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Scotch Rite Hasonry^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir- 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, ana 
are fuhy and accurately given in " Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. 1 comprises the degrees from 
3rd to 18th inclusive. 

Voi. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
hvciusiye, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass* 
■v™<&8 tr*»m is* to 33rd ^gr<ee inclusive. 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt, 
William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Bcce Orienti. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t>e First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Giving the degrees of Mark Master, Past Master, 
(vT-««* % '"Wept Master *nd Roval-Arck 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
vlasonic Degrees, Knights of the Red Cross, 
Cnight Templar and Knight of- Malta, nth to 13th 

August, 1899. 




















Ve flre my lUitne$$e$ 

/ 77ies. 2; /0. 


Christians ought never to join Secret Societies: 







BECAUSE Christians are commanded not to have fellowship 
with works of darkness but to reprove them* Eph. 5: 11. 

BECAUSE Jesus said: Every one that doeth evil hateth the 
light Jno. 13:20. 

BECAUSE Jesus said: Ye are the light of the world- Matt. 

5: 14. He that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his 

deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in 

God. Jno. 3: 21. 
BECAUSE Jesus said: "I spake openly to the world * * * 

and in secret have I said nothing," and "if any man serve 

me let him follow me." 

BECAUSE those who know and love the truth could, by sign- 
ing the above testify for the right and against evil, and we 
ought to be witnesses in the world. 

Ask others to join with you and a great many who never thought 
about it before, if asked to sign would begin to think what 
Jesus would do about these lodges if he were here. 

» I 











Nearly Fifty-eight Years Old!!! 

It's a long life, but devotion to the true interests 
and prosperity of the American people has won for 
it new friends as the years rolled by and the origi- 
nal members of its family passed to their reward, 
and these admirers are loyal and steadfast to-day, 
with faith in its teachings, and confidence in the 
information which it brings to their homes and fire- 
sides. As a natural consequence, it enjoys in its, 
old age all the vitality and vigor of its youth, 
strengthened and ripened by the experiences of 
over half a century. It has lived on its merits, and on the . cordial support of pro- 
gressive Americans. 

It is "The New York Weekly Tribune," acknowledged the country over as a 
leading National Family Newspaper. 

Recognizing its value to those who desire all the news of the State and Nation, 
the publisher of THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE has entered into an alliance with 
"The New York Weekly Tribune" which enables him to furnish both papers at the 
trifling cost of $1.25 per year. 

Just think of it! Both ofthese papers for only $1.25 per year. 

Send all subscriptions to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, 111. 

Secrecy and Citizenship. 

Secrecy and Citizenship consists of three essays which received the re- 
spective prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. Lansing, D. D.; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleeth. 

Rev. F. W. Farr, the widely known superintendent of Rev. A. B. Simp- 
son's work, the Christian Alliance, was asked to open the discussion on the "Prize 
Essays," at the Philadelphia Convention (November, 1897), and he then dis- 
cussed at length some of the salient points in each essay: 

In the essay of Dr. Lansing, the independent power of the lodge as a 
menace to the State was particularly dwelt upon. 

In the essay of Dr. Trueblood, the paralysis of moral vision resulting from 
lodge associations was clearly set forth. And in the essay of Dr. Sleeth, the dis- 
tinctions between secrecy and privacy were explained. 

The unanimous verdict of those participating in the discussion was that 
the Prize Essays were worthy of wide circulation and careful perusal. It is an 
attractive as well as a valuable volume of 137 pages, 5x7 J inches, cloth, sent post- 
paid for 50 cents. 

With your own renewal and one new subscription both papers one year 
and the book for only $2.00- 


Co all Readers of Ibe Cynosure: 

Dear Friends: Once more we wish to call your attention to the work 
done by Wheaton College. For more than thirty years you have, been 
acquainted with this institution; many of your sons and daughters have 
been educated in it* It is now approaching its fortieth anniversary. 

In material equipment, in intellectual life, and we trust in. spiritual 
power, it is seeing its best days. There remains, however, much land to 
be possessed. It requires for the most effective prosecution of its work 
an addition of two hundred thousand dollars to its permanent funds, and 
while many young men and women are forming sterling Christian char- 
acters within its walls, there is room for many more. 

Please look about you and see what you should do for the College, 
and what you would like to have the College do for you. When you 
have considered this matter sufficiently, please communicate the results 
of your thought. ' 

With gratitude for all the past, and hope for all the future, 

I am, sincerely yours, 


CAP7\ 11' J/. MORGAN. 


Sentiments on Secret Societies 129 

Short Editorials. . . 130 

William Morgan. A Character Sketch . . . 131 

William Morgan's Daughter 132 

Captain Morgan's Widow 132 

The Morgan Monument 133 

New England Type and History 134 

Why We Oppose the Lodge 136 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Revelation. 

By Rev. J. P. Stoddard 138 

Twentieth Century Religion (cartoon) .... 141 

Washington's Disavowal .142 

The Capitol Corner Stone. 143 

Death of William H. Zearing 144 

On This Firm Foundation (hymn) 146 

Reformed Presbyterian Church ........ 147 

Pacific Coast News 14& 

New England Letter 149* 

Lodgism a False Gospel 151 

W. C. T. U. Resolution 151 

The Lodge Rejects Christ .152 

Lionel. A Story 153 

News of Our Work .155, 

Our Question Drawer 157 

Odds and Ends .159 

Newspapers and Reforms 160 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, 523 
West 14th street, Chicago. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton. 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— William 
I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Portland, Ore.; Rev. 
William Fen ton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B* 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 

DTOIldl! i^tJDWw 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 






2ii West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second class 

In memory of Captain Wrn. Morgan, 
murdered by the Freemasons, in accord- 
ance with their oath, just seventy-three 
years ago this month. 


"In secret have I said nothing." — Jesus 
of Nazareth. 

"Be not unequally yoked together with 
unbelievers." — Paul of Tarsus. 

"Mene, mene, tekel, upharsin." — The 
•Prophet Daniel. 

"Can two walk together, except they 
be agreed?" — Amos of Tekoa. 

"They are a great evil." — Wendell 

"Come out from the lodge." — Dwight 
L. Moody. 

"Good Lord deliver us." — Rev. Geo. 
C. Needham. 

"Whatever in it is not babyish is dan- 
gerous." — Howard Crosby. 

"We know no government save our 
own." — Grand Lodge of Missouri. 

"By it Christ is dethroned and Satan 
exalted." — Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D. 

"Blessed is the man that walketh not 
in the counsel of the ungodly." — David 
the Psalmist. 

"All secret, oath-bound political par- 

ties are dangerous to any nation." — Gen- 
eral U. S. Grant. 

"Their plan is to keep out anyone who 
is likely to need anything." — President 
C. A. Blanchard. 

"I have no sympathy with secret oath- 
bound societies." — Rev. W. G. Moore- 
head, D. D., Xenia, Ohio. 

"They incite a passion for trickery and 
wire-pulling." — Mrs. A. J. Gordon, Pres- 
ident Boston W. C. T. U. 

"Are dangerous to the general cause of 
liberty and are opposed to Christian prin- 
ciples." — Joseph Cook of Boston. 

'The very idea of a secret combination 
implies a barbarous age, or a state of so- 
cial anarchy." — President J. H. Fair- 
child, Oberlin. 

"To be a good Mason and a good 
Christian at the same time — would be 
treason to Christ."— Rev. B. T. Roberts, 
Editor of the Free Methodist. 

"Freemasonry is a law unto itself; it 
treats many acts as crimes which the law 
of the land does not." — Proceedings of 
the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, 
1876, page 49. 

"No society in a country like ours 
ought to deny the courts permission to 
investigate its acts and purposes. A 
church may need to be thrown open to 
the court. A man may die while receiv- 
ing baptism by immersion. If so. the 
whole form of admission, the exact acts 
and words of all participants are the 
property of the courts. Not so when a 
man dies, as men have died, from initia- 
tion into secret orders. The court stops 
at the door of the lodge." — Rev. Win. E. 
Barton, D. D., pastor Oak Park Congre- 
gational Church. 



September, 1899. 

"To learn how many remember their vows, 
ask each person in the lodge-room to repeat 
them, and the number who do not remember 
them will outnumber those who do twenty 
to one."— Odd Fellows' Companion. 

Bear this in mind sometimes when se- 
cret society men are assuring you that 
there is nothing inconsistent with good 
citizenship or piety. Take the exculpat- 
ing statements of lodge men with a grain 
of salt. Read the manuals and judge for 

"The veteran Joseph Kidder, P. G. M. 
and Grand Secretary of New Hampshire 
says: The first Odd Fellows' hall in the 
city of Manchester was in the attic of the 
Elm Street Methodist Church. An ex- 
Odd Fellow writes: "It was in that hall 
that we were initiated into the mysteries 
of the order in 1845." 

What a place for such a thing — or, 
rather, what a thing for such a place ! 

"Oddfellowship and unselfishness are writ- 
ten with the same number of letters, and the 
words are almost synonymous."— Odd Fel- 
low Sittings. 

What is your definition of the word 
"unselfish," please? 

"Our swift runners have come from every 
direction, wearing upon their brows the vic- 
tor's crown, and bringing in their hands the 
olive branch of peace. Game has been plen- 
tiful and our wigwams have been bounti- 
fully supplied for the coming winter. Dis- 
cord has been banished from our councils. 
Peace and good will prevail everywhere. 
Not a cloud ripples in the sky. The bright 
star of hope shines in transcendent loveliness 
over us and bids us onward in the chase."— 
The Great Incohonee. 

That must mean the great incoherent. 

'Grand Secretary Nicholson has our thanks 
for a copy of his reply to the speakers of the 
Christian (?) Reform convention, held in 
Philadelphia in November. The statements 
are able and sufficient for all honest men; 
but as well may one attempt to have a vul- 
ture lead a pure life as to cause one of these 
vilifiers to state truths. The game is not 
worth the ammunition."— The Companion. 

What "vilifier" may have found his 
way into this convention, we have not 
the means at hand to judge with com- 
plete certainty. Vilification is not a 
thing to practice or defend. But, dear 
companion, when the National Christian 

Association quotes your own Grand 
Lodge decision, repeats your own ritual, 
and allows your own avowed principles 
to become more widely known, we hope 
you will not by any slip of the pen leave 
a statement in such form as to cast on us 
the suspicion that, in thus repeating your 
own words, we are vilifying you. That, 
itself, would sail dangerously close to the 
rock of vilification. 

"I am interested to keep the Ancient 
and Accepted Rite (Scottish) uncontami- 
nated, in our country, at least, by the 
leprosy of negro association." — Albert 
Pike, a chief Masonic officer and author- 

This plan would also secure the 'con- 
verse advantage of keeping negroes un- 
contaminated by the leprosy of Masonic 

Why blackball black men? What has 
happened to this universal fraternity that 
was to run a special parlor car for every 
Masonic visitor to African jungles, and 
furnish strawberries and ice cream to* 
polar explorers? What was that we 
used to hear about a religion in which 
'Christians, Mohammedans, Jews, Bud- 
dhists, Parsees and Confucians "harmo- 
niously combine?" 

"There are always Jeremiah's lament- 
ing over diminution and decay ; there al- 
ways will be Jeremiahs while there are 
listeners. Prophesies are getting cheap." 
— Most Worshipful Grand Master Mc- 
Lane at Blazing Star centennial. 

That is what "our ancient brethren" of 
the "high places" said in Jeremiah's own 

A "Political History of New York," by 
J. D. Hammond, 1844, compiled long 
after the Morgan excitement had died 
away, says (Vol. II., page 16), "Nearly 
all the Adams Masons secretly or open- 
ly exerted their influence and Gfist their 
votes in favor of the Jackson party." 
That is, the Masonic order went solid for 
Jackson in that election. The people 
found, says this historian, "legislative 
and judicial and executive officers, from 
Governors and deputy marshals and con- 
stables; from judges of the Supreme 
Court to justices of the peace, were a 
majority of them Freemasons, solemnly 


September, 1899. 



pledged to perform their Masonic obli- 
gation." The above bit of history looks 
very much as though Masonry was in 

The historian goes on to speak of the 
''dangers that the people apprehended 
from suffering the executive and judicial 
powers of the community to remain in 
the hands of Masons, who had furnished 
such a demonstration of their determina- 
tion to regulate their conduct according 
to the obligations of Masonry, even 
when those obligations required them to 
violate the fundamental and most sacred 
provisions of the municipal law." 


Hon. Joseph Ritner, who as Governor 
of Pennsylvania sent an official communi- 
cation to the Legislature in 1837, said 
some interesting things in it about the 
use made by lodge members of the names 
of prominent men to give standing to 
their secret associations. Everyone 
should read this report on Thomas Jef- 
ferson, James Madison, Chief Justice 
Marshall, George Washington, Wm. 
Wirt, and others. This pamphlet can be 
had at The Cynosure office for ten cents, 
and contains historical facts that ought 
to shame the Masonic order into aban- 
doning its proposed glorification (falsi- 
fication) of Washington as a Mason. 


The Washington State Anti-Secrecy 
Association will hold a State convention 
in the Swedish Lutheran Church, corner 
of Eighth and I streets, Tacoma, Wash., 
Sept. 19-20, beginning at 8 p. m. the 19th 
and three sessions the 20th. 

Every friend of our cause should ar- 
range to attend. If any cannot come 
they should send some help. 

Among the speakers expected we men- 
tion: Rev. P. A. Mattson, Swedish Lu- 
theran, Tacoma; Rev. Harriman, Eccle- 
sia Hall, Tacoma; all the officers of the 
State Associations, Rev. J. I. Frazer, 
Seattle; Revs. McReynolds, Smith, 
Beers, Smalley, McKinley and others of 
Seattle, and also those who were on the 
program at the last Seattle convention. 

This promises to be a lively conven- 
tion. Come, brethren, friends, help 
make it a success. 

P. B. Williams, Coast Agent. 

The character ascribed to Capt. Win. 
Morgan by Hon. Solomon Southwiok, 
"president of the Le Roy convention in 
1828, in his address to that convention, 
shows the estimate in which Capt. Mor- 
gan was held by the best men of his time. 

"William Morgan was a man of honor 
and sensibility. He was a gentleman in 
his manners, and possessed of mental 
powers, superior to his humble occupa- 
tion in life. He was well informed, of a 
generous, humane and benevolent dispo- 
sition. The information he had acquired 
he possessed a happy faculty of impart- 
ing to others; nor was he less apt to en- 
liven the social circle with the scintilla- 
tions of his wit. These graces of mind, 
added to a pleasing address, rendered his 
company agreeable and caused his com- 
pany to be counted even by those in the 
higher walks of life. 

"Captain Morgan was, indeed, a man 
without guile; brave, frank, and unre- 
served; modest in his demeanor, delicate 
in expression, and respectful to the feel- 
ings of those with whom he associated. 
He was a faithful citizen, and proved his 
fidelity in the field of battle, when his 
country was in danger. He felt the full 
force of the virtues, which adorn the do- 
mestic circle, and shed lustre from the 
humblest roof. The last act of his life, 
which has been so much censured by 
knaves and fools, flowed from the purest 
motives. 'My life,' said Capt. Morgan, 'is 
the property of my country, and my 
countrymen have a claim upon my ut- 
most faculties for the preservation of all 
that is dear to intelligent freemen. The 
bane of our civil institutions is to be 
found in an order powerful and numer- 
ous, and daily becoming more so. It 
cankers and corrodes to the core the 
foundation on which justice is based, and 
is destined, unless timely checked, to be- 
come the leveler. not of proud distinc- 
tions, but of social order. With its power 
and corruption not only individuals may 
be sacrificed but in time the state. If my 
life be the forfeit I owe to my country an 
exposure of its dangers.' " 

"I was completely converted from Ma- 
sonry to Christ." — Pres. C. G. Finney. 



September, 1899. 


When seized by the Masons in Sep- 
tember, 1826, Captain Morgan had two 
children, a girl and a boy, the latter be- 
ing only an infant in the arms of his 
young and shrinking wife. The inquiry 
which naturally rose for these remaining 
members of the family with the revival of 
the lodge discussion was hardly answered 
to the satisfaction of all. It was under- 
stood that Mrs. Morgan married again, 
and that one of the children was living in 
Oregon. Soon after the Batavia conven- 
tion it was reported that the daughter, 
Lucinda Smith Morgan, died near Sa- 
lem, in that State. 

Through the kindness of Mrs. Sarah 
K. Stevens, of Batavia, N. Y., we are per- 
mitted to print the following letter, writ- 
ten by Captain Smith, her husband, m 
reply to a letter of condolence sent him 
by Charles Betts, Esq., of Freeport, Illi- 
nois, a gentleman who was born in Ba- 
tavia, and whose father, Robert P. Betts, 
was a participant in the exciting and fear- 
ful scenes of 1826, being one of the party 
who rescued Col. David C. Miller. 

Miss Stevens knew the Morgan family 

well before it was broken up by the de- 
mon spirit of the lodge. The daughter 
she describes as a lively and beautiful 
child, with light golden hair, which fell 
curling upon her shoulders. Her eyes 
were large and full, and her features ex- 
pressive though regular. Mrs. Morgan 
died while living with this daughter in 
Memphis, Tenn. 

Captain Smith's letter is dated from 
Mehama, Marion County, Oregon, Dec. 
10, 1882, and reads thus: 

Received yours of Nov. 27, and appre- 
ciate your sympathy, for my affliction is 
very great. Your questions I will an- 
swer. Firstly, my dear wife's maiden 
name was Lucinda Wesley Morgan, born 
in Batavia, N. Y., Aug. 23, 1824. Thom- 
as Morgan, her brother, also born 
in Batavia in 1826, was two weeks 
old when his father, William Mor- 
gan, was abducted. He died near 
St. Louis in 1863. Their mother, 
Lucinda Morgan Harris, died at Mem- 
phis, Tenn., in 1856. Your family name 
I have heard my wife speak of often, but 
if you recollect her you must be old as 
well as myself. I have buried a large fam- 
ily of children, one only left of ten; but 
yet my greatest affliction is in the loss of 
my dear wife, a woman beloved by every 
one that knew her. Believe me, dear sir, 
your well wisher, D. B. Smith. 


The editor has in his possession a letter 
written to Miss Sarah Stevens, then of 
Batavia, N. Y., on January 8th, 1836, by 
Captain William Morgan's widow, who, 
after the murder of her first husband, 
married a Mr. Harris, and they lived at 
the time the letter was written in Mis- 
souri. It will not be out of place, I think, 
to quote a few words from the letter: 

"How is dear Mrs. Betts and family? 
Tell her to live near the Lord and obey 
His commandments, and she will receive 
a crown of righteousness, which the 
Righteous Judge will give her at that 
day when he cometh to reward every one 
according to the deeds done in the body. 
* * * How are you all? And where is 
Colonel Miller and family? (The one 
who was associated with her husband in 
the publication of the Morgan Expose. — 
Ed.) Do write particulars respecting 

September, 1899. 



"Please give our love to all inquiring 
friends, Sarah, I enclose five dollars for 
your mother. May the blessing of our 
Heavenly Father attend you and yours. 
Your affectionate friend, 

"Lucinda Morgan Harris." 

At the dedication of the Morgan mon- 
ument in Batavia, N. Y., just seventeen 
years ago, Mrs. Evalina P. Mather was 
introduced to the assembled multitude by 
Secretary J. P. Stoddard. She was then 
in the 88th year of her age, and the above 
portrait is a very good likeness of her at 
that time. In introducing Mrs. Mather, 
Secretary Stoddard said: 

"It is fifty-six years ago this evening, 
at about g o'clock, since Morgan was 
taken from Canandaigua jail by a band of 
Freemasons. After getting out of the jail 
he found that he was about to be forcibly 
seized by men whom he had every reason 
to fear were determined to take his life, 
and he cried "Murder! Murder! Mur- 
der!" The woman who heard that thrill- 
ing cry is on this platform. Her name is 
Mrs. Evelina P. Mather, of Ellington, N. 
Y., and she is 88 years old." 

Mrs. Mather was aided by friendly 
hands to stand upon a seat that all might 
see and hear. She said: 

"When Morgan was kidnapped I was 
living in Canandaigua.." She told in a 
clear voice how she saw the crowd run- 
ning about the jail, and in the moonlight 
she saw they were disguised and had a 
living man dragging along in their midst. 
She heard him cry, "Murder! murder! 
murder! Help, for God's sake!" and 
would never forget the piercing tones. 
There were few or none of the citizens to 
be seen, and the band of men hastened off 
in a carriage. 


The Morgan monument stands in 
the old cemetery at Batavia, N. Y., a few 
feet from the track of the Central Rail- 
road. It is thirty-eight feet in height, 
and weighs forty tons. It was erected by 
R. F. Carter, of Ryegate, Vt., under the 
supervision of the National Christian As- 
sociation, and unveiled at its fourteenth 
annual convention, in presence of an im- 
mense concourse of people, w r ho gathered 
to pay a tribute of respect to the heroism 
of the man whose courage and devotion 
to his country it is designed to perpetu- 
ate. Rev. Joseph E. Roy, D. D., of Chi- 
cago, and President Charles A. Blanch- 
ard, of Wheaton, 111. ; Prof. E. D. Bailey, 
of Washington, D. C, and Rev. H. H. 
Hinman, of Oberlin, Ohio, were the 
principal speakers. It was to this con- 
vention that the Hon. Thurlow Weed 
sent his letter on the abduction and mur- 
der of Capt. Wm. Morgan. 

As a work of art it ranks with the first 
in our country, and is a fitting memorial 
to the martyr whose life was sacrificed 
by Free Masons when they discovered his 
intention to publish the secrets of their 
order. On the four sides of the polished 
dice are the following inscriptions in 
legible characters : 

South Side : Sacred to the memory of 
Wm. Morgan, a native of Virginia, a 
captain in the war of 1812, a respectable 
citizen of Batavia, and a martyr to the 
freedom of writing, printing and speak- 
ing the truth. He was abducted from 
near this spot in the year 1826, by Free 
Masons, and murdered for revealing the 
secrets of their order. 

East Side : Erected by volunteer con- 
tributions from over 2,000 persons resid- 
ing in Ontario, Canada, and twenty-six 



September, 1899. 

of trie United States and Territories. 

North Side: The court records of 
Genesee County, and files of the Batavia 
Advocate, kept in the Recorder's office, 
contain the history of the events that 
caused the erection of this Monument, 
Sept. 13, 1882. 

West Side : "The bane of our civil in- 
stitutions is to be found in Masonry, al- 
ready powerful, and daily becoming 
more so. * * * I owe to my coun- 
try an exposure of its dangers." — Capt. 
William Morgan. 




New England has a hallowed soil and 
an interesting history. Here first the 
gospel in America took root. The Pil- 
grim fathers, with prayers, tears, vows, 
and toils, consecrated it to God. Theirs 
was a spiritual fidelity to him who had 
directed them hither, given them safe 
landing in a wilderness, homes upon vir- 
gin soil, children to ''multiply and re- 
plenish" this part of the new world, cul- 
tivate the sterile ground, to turn "the wil- 
derness into a fruitful field," and make 
it "bud and blossom as the rose." 

These God-fearing progenitors were 
not models of consistency and perfection 
in all respects ; they had not learned the 
first principles of Christian liberty and re- 
ligious toleration. Their rights of con- 
scientious conviction and personal free- 
choice, the right of all to worship God 
according to their individual views of 
divine teaching, they were ignorant of. 
They did not understand that the spirit 
of God was to lead his people, and that 
they were amenable to divine law and 
teaching, instead of to human dictation. 
But in spite of all this, they were a hardy, 
temperate, pious, and honest people. 

They believed in God, in his Son, Jesus 
Christ, as the divine and only Savior ; in 
the inerrancy and obligatory force of the 
sacred scriptures ; in the militant church 
as a divine institution, and wished everv- 
one to become subject to its ordinances 
and statutes. True to their early teach- 
*Jngs, they held the church and state to be 

inseparable, and transacted all church 
business in town meetings. Their aim 
and efforts were to plant the gospel and 
its principles so firmly that they never 
could be uprooted. They were honest 
and sincere, open-hearted, and reliable. 
Their word was as good as law. Puri- 
tanic integrity was warped into their very 
being and lives. They were never 
schooled in treachery and deceit ; and as 
for secret societies and the deception 
practiced in them, they were perfect 
strangers to the whole of them; in fact, 
there was no such thing as a secret lodge 
for a hundred years after white men first 
sowed seed and gathered harvests in this 
land. It is very different in this boasted 
Yankeeland now. Stability and reliabil- 
ity are not the leading traits of New Eng- 
land character at present. Neither oral 
word nor newspaper records are gener- 
ally to be depended upon. 

Why and from whence this lamenta- 
ble change ? There must be some under- 
lying cause. True, a large per cent, of 
foreign population is of a character far 
different and inferior to the Puritan, and 
they mould and influence society more 
or less. But I verily believe that secret 
societies are largely responsible for it. 
What is taught and practiced in the 
lodges — an isolation from all outside of 
them — a degree of disfellowship and dis- 
trust — denial of existing facts connected 
with their principles and workings. It 
requires only sound judgment and keen 
discernment to know that lodge tactics, 
nocturnal association of men with men 
alone, more or less of them schemers, 
selfish, corrupt ; within tiled doors and 
darkened windows, is well calculated to 
alienate, create distrust, suspicion, envy 
and ill-will. And as like begets like, 
"like people like priest" — so the con- 
tagious habits spread till the masses are 
seriously affected. 

Boston, the "Hub" of all this "East," 
has fame, notoriety for education, cul- 
ture, refinement, and wealth. But it is 
not preserving its former prestige. True, 
it has education and culture, but it has as 
marked ignorance and crudeness. There 
is refinement and vast wealth, but there 
is also coarseness and gaunt poverty. 

There have been many and great 
changes in the last forty years. Great 
deference used to be paid to females ; but 
now ladies are crowded to the rear. They 

-September, 1899. 



.are pressed to the poorest seats in pub- 
lic assemblies ; made to stand in crowded 
street cars, while men, laborers, loafers, 
stick tightly to their seats. Upon whom 
has it dawned that secret societies are 
largely responsible for this shameful ret- 
rogade, as for many other backslidings, 
none of which used to be in proud and 
justly commended Boston. Males, hold- 
ing themselves as the "lords of creation," 
shut away exclusively in secret con- 
clave ; the fairer, sweeter sex not thought 
worthy, trusty, capable ; or is it from def- 
erence to their more refined tastes and 
keener perceptions, moral instincts, and 
religious sensibilities? But no wonder, 
so long as lodge men are truly human, 
for them to prefer that their wives, 
daughters, sweethearts, shall not witness 
the pampering of their depraved appe- 
tites, the revelry, profanity, obscene ex- 
hibition of base passions, and many other 
demoralizing things, which often char- 
acterize their secret sessions. 

Midst such company and customs, how 
can the participants but sacrifice good 
sense, refined tastes, love of refinement, 
cultured Society, the company of ladies, 
and even their own homes, their wives 
and children, and become in some meas- 
ure weaned from them? With such en- 
vironment they must in some degree for- 
feit the fear of God, reverance and respect 
for the word of God and love for divine 
and holy things. How far-reaching and 
demoralizing the teachings, examples, 
and influence with ten times as many 
lodges as evangelical churches in this 
city who can estimate, counteract, or 
remedy the evil ! It is lamentable that so 
few of the churches wield a power or ex- 
ert a direct influence against them, either 
by corporate enactment, pulpit teaching 
or wholesome discipline. Changes take 
place in churches as well as in state and 
city. Take Tremont Temple as a speci- 
men. Forty to fifty years ago the elo- 
quent, Godly divine, Nathaniel Colver, 
was its pastor. He was a seceded Mason, 
who knew its Christless character, and 
was bold to expose its fallacies, and warn 
the people against its boasted pretentions 
and hollow shams. By his faithful lead- 
ing, the church refused membership or 
communion to Masons and slave-hold- 
ers. But now a "tip top" Mason fills the 
pastorate, extols the order, seats a chief 

whisky distilling Mason upon the plat- 
form, and would sooner leave the church 
than see Masons excluded from it. True, 
they have the most costly edifice, artis- 
tically decorated and commodious audi- 
ence room, the greatest number on 
church roll, and largest congregation of 
any Protestant church in New England. 
But while all this is cause for gratitude, we 
lament the decline in moral reform and 
adherence to gospel principle. May a 
revival of these soon come. 

Look at another church in which a 
change for the better has come. Thirty 
years ago the Clarendon Street Baptist 
Church was running in like groove as 
others. A young man was called from 
a suburban church to its pastorate. For 
twenty-five years and more the saintly, 
God-taught Adoniran Judson Gordon, 
D. D., "full of faith and of the Holy 
Spirit," free from all lodge taint, out- 
spoken in public and private upon the 
evils of secretism, boldly exposing its 
evil tendencies and detriment to the cause 
of Christ, toiled incessantly for the spir- 
itual uplift of the church, its separation 
from the world, and the salvation of his 
fellow-men. He was an eminent success 
in that for which he devoted his time, 
strength and talent. The church be- 
came a peculiar gospel body of saints, a 
beacon light, an inspiration, an illustri- 
ous example worthy of imitation. Many 
were added to it every year, and all en- 
tered heartily into the spirit and work of 
the body. No debts were allowed, all ex- 
penses were promptly paid ; no festivals, 
fairs, or paid suppers were tolerated ; 
sweet, attractive music was made a real 
part of the w r orship, fifty voices in the 
chorus choir, with a first-class organist, 
all members of the church, not one of 
whom received a dollar of remuneration 
— all a cheerful, voluntary offering unto 
the Lord. The church was emphatically 
an evangelistic and missionary body; a 
good number of its members are work- 
ers in home and foreign mission fields. 
And their missionary contributions — 
witli no drains Upon them for lodges — 
their annual gifts amounted to thou- 
sands of dollars, and one single offering 
reached $20,000. This is a sketch of 
what one anti-secret society pastor and 
church is and has done. 

Cambridge, Mass. 



September, 1899. 



In conversation recently with a high- 
-degree Mason, he asked me: Why do 
you oppose the lodge? The reply was 
something like the following: 

I. Because the lodge is a rival to the 
church. The Bible exalts the church 
above all earthly institutions. It is the 
kingdom that is to become universal, 
embracing in one empire all kindreds and 
tongues and 'nations. It is the temple of 
humanity in which God dwells. It is the 
bride of Christ the Lamb of God. It is 
the body of Christ, indwelt by the Holy 
Ghost. It is the city of God from which 
flows the river of life. "There is a river, 
the streams whereof make glad the city 
of God." "All my fountains are in thee." 
It is God's plan to comprehend Jews and 
Gentiles in one living temple. That you 
may be able to comprehend with all 
saints what is the length from eternity to 
eternity, and breadth as wide as human- 
ity, as far as east is distant from the 
west, and depth deeper, than hell, and 
height higher than heaven. 

But the Church of Rome is Satan's 
counterfeit of the Church of Christ, 
claiming and aiming to acquire universal 
empire. It is the beast of the apocalypse 
with seven heads and ten horns, in which 
Satan is incarnate. Its days are num- 
bered. The beast is to be slain, and the 
fowls of heaven are to devour its flesh. 
"Wheresoever the carcass is, thither will 
the vultures (eagles) be gathered to- 
gether." Jesuitry is the image of the 
beast. It is a secret, absolute, merciless 
machine, with a general called the Black 
Pope, and priests yielding implicit obedi- 
ence in the use of any means, good or 
bad, humane or diabolical, that will fur- 
ther their designs in securing political 
and religious dominion in every land. 

I have here a book entitled "The Con- 
spiracy in Europe," by John Robinson, 
in which he shows that an old order of 
the Masonic craft came to England from 
Syria. The Jesuits joined this order. 
They secured the protection of princes 
of the craft, and hence were called 
"Free." Kings Charles I., Charles II., 
and Jame's II. joined the order, with 
many princes, though they had never 

lifted a mason's tool. Hence the term 
"Accepted." The banishment of Charles 
II. seems to have suggested to these 
Jesuits the first three degrees of appren- 
tice, fellowcraft and master mason. 
Through them Charles II. was brought 
back to England in 1660. The Grand 
Lodge was not organized in London un- 
til June 24, 1 71 7. It is a matter of his- 
tory that Masonry is a child of Jesuitry. 
And the minor orders that fill the land 
like the frogs and flies and lice that in- 
fested the land of Egypt, are the hateful 
brood of Masonry. 

We therefore speak advisedly in say- 
ing that the lodge is the rival of the 
church. It takes the time and the money 
and the men and presumes to occupy 
the throne that belong to the Church, 
the Queen of the King of glory. 

2. Because the lodge is an enemy of 
civil government. Let me refer to John 
Robinson again. He was professor of 
natural philosophy and secretary to the • 
Royal Society of Edinburgh. He be- 
longed to the Masonic lodge in Scotland. 
He went to Paris and took forty-five de- 
grees. He was made the custodian of 
the papers of the French Lodge. Fie 
traveled extensively in Europe and col- 
lected documentary evidence from many 
lodges. He clearly proved a "conspiracy 
against all the religions and governments 
of Europe, carried on in the secret meet- 
ings of Masons, Illuminati and Reading 
societies," and published these in a vol- 
ume of 390 pages in 1798. Fie divided 
the book into four chapters: 1. The 
Masonic Schism ; 2, The Illuminati ; 3, 
The German Union ; 4, The French Rev- 
olution. He shows that the Jesuits went 
with Charles II. from England to France 
and organized Masonic lodges there. 
From the members of these lodges who 
had taken the first three degrees, they 
organized another order called the Illu- 
minati. This was nothing less than a 
school of atheism and anarchy. It grew 
with wonderful rapidity. The French 
nation was honey-combed with it. The 
whole people were prepared for resist- 
ing authority. Mirabeau, the profligate 
and disappointed politician, and the 
Duke of Orleans, his silly tool, were at 
the head of this secret order. They is- 
sued the mandate. The dynamite ex- 
ploded. France was deluged with blood. 
The French Revolution — tht Reign c/ 

September. 1899. 



Terror — was enacted. The dead carcass 
brought the vultures. 

What the Jesuits have done in France 
through the Masonic lodge they may do 
in the United States. The Jesuits are in 
the Masonic lodge. And this public dec- 
laration that Masonry is resisting Rome 
is simply the devil's trick to deceive the 
people. The Bible tells us that he often 
comes as an angel of light. We know 
that the first municipal election in 
Greater New York resulted in the tri- 
umph of Tammany, although the press 
and the pulpit of the city were solid 
against them. In Boston 85 per cent, 
of the offices are filled by Romanists. In 
Chicago, New Orleans, and San Fran- 
cisco Rome is enthroned. The daily 
press is largely under the hand of the 
Jesuits. They are making a deadly as- 
sault upon our public school. The time 
is near when our government will be 
compelled to follow the example of the 
powers of Europe and the South Amer- 
ican republics, and expel the Jesuits. 
Aguinaldo and the Insurgents declare 
that the Philippines can never have peace 
until the priests and friars and Jesuitical 
orders are expelled, and the property con- 
fiscated and given back to the people. 

3. Because secret methods are a public 
-danger. Rev. J. R. Latimer, who was a 
student in Indiana State Universitv in 
1872, read an essay before the faculty 
and students one Saturday morning 
against secret societies. Prof. Owen 
arose and said : "We all believe in secret 
societies. The family is a secret society. 
Wise people consider the affairs of the 
home their own personal concern. The 
church is a secret society. Only those 
who belong to Christ can understand. 
"The natural man receiveth not the 
things of the spirit ; neither can he know 
them." "The secret of the Lord is with 
those that fear him ; and he will teach 
them the knowledge of his covenant." 
Heaven is a secret society. Only the 
pure in heart can enter the gates of pearl, 
^without are dogs aiid sorcerers, and 
whoremongers and idolaters and all 
liars ; and there shall in no wise enter 
into it anything that defileth and whoso- 
ever worketh abomination or maketh a 
lie.' Congress holds secret sessions." 

A moment's reflection will convince 
us that Prof. Owen confounded thing's 

that differ. The privacy of the home is 
different from the secrecy of the lodge. 
You do not go out on the street to change 
your underwear. In fact, you would be 
arrested if you did. But you do not try 
to conceal the fact that you change your 
underwear. In fact, you prefer to have 
it understood that you change your 
shirt. The privacy of the home is not a 
secret hidden from the public. If the 
privacy of the home is used as a cloak 
for secret doings that endanger the pub- 
lic, the public will very quickly investi- 
gate. The church is not a secret organi- 
zation. It simply presents views of the 
heavenly worlcl that unregenerate men 
have no eyes to see. It speaks in a 
heavenly language that worldly men do 
not understand. It offers heavenly riches 
that sinful men have no mind to appre- 
ciate. It delivers a heavenly message 
that natural men have not ears to hear. 

The secret sessions of the United 
States Senate are not like the lodge. The 
Senate has a certain object to accomplish. 
It would defeat their purpose to have the 
public informed before results have been 
reached. But when the end has been 
attained all is given out. That differs by 
celestial diameters from the lodge which 
swears its members "to ever conceal and 
never reveal" what is said and done with- 
in. Men united in such bonds of secrecy 
are a public danger. And the 6,000,000 
lodge men in the United States will yet 
bring a day of reckoning. 

4. Because the imprecations in their 
oaths are debasing. The Entered Ap- 
prentice swears to keep the lodge secrets 
on pain of having "his throat cut, his 
tongue torn out by the roots, and his 
body buried in the rough sands of the 
sea at low-water mark." Would you like 
to see the grade of morality involved 
here adopted ? Would you like to have 
the children in all the public schools re- 
quired to commit and repeat the oath 
from which this is taken? Would it 
help the rising generation ? The Fellow 
Craft swears "under penalty of having 
his breast torn open and his heart 
plucked out and exposed, to be devoured 
by the vultures of the air." \)o vou no- 
tice any connection between these Impre- 
cations and the shocking barbarities of 
the Southern lynchers in mutilating the 
bodies of their victims? Do von see any 
connection between this language and 



September, 1S99. 

that used by Fox in his book of martyrs, 
in describing the horrors of the Spanish 
Inquisition ? Is there any correspondence 
between this and the dreadful butchery 
of the "star chamber" in Rome or the 
Bridge of Sighs in Venice? Is it not the 
same shower of locusts with horns and 
tails and stings? The same generation 
of vipers? The same ungodly crew? 
"Be not deceived ; God is not mocked, 
for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall 
he also reap. If you sow to the wind 
you shall reap the whirlwind." 

The Master Mason binds himself un-. 
der "no less a penalty than that of hav- 
ing his body severed in twain, his bowels 
taken out and burned to ashes, and the 
ashes scattered on the rough sands of 
the sea, where the tide ebbs and flows 
twice every twenty-four hours." Rome 
burned millions of martyrs at the stake 
before or while mutilating their bodies. 
Is there any connection between that fact 
and the above language? Southern 
mobs have burned scores of black men, 
horribly mutilating their bodies, some- 
times before, sometimes during the proc- 
ess. Have the Jesuits in the Southern 
lodges any hand in this? Are we ready 
to have this feature of the mother of har- 
lots introduced as a trait of our Ameri- 
can civilization? Would the American 
people be willing to have our President 
and the Representatives and Senators of 
the United States and the Governors and 
Legislatures repeat these imprecations of 
the first three degrees of Masonry in tak- 
ing the oath of office ? I trow not. When 
that is done our republic will be the 
filthy carcass upon which the vultures of 
divine judgment descend. 

Take this from the Master Mason's 
oath : "I do promise and swear that I 
will not have carnal or illicit intercourse 
with the wife, mother, daughter, or sis- 
ter of a brother of this degree, knowing 
her to be such, nor will I permit another 
brother of this degree to do so if in my 
power to prevent it." Would you be 
willing to have the standard of morals 
suggested here adopted in society? 
Think of our United States Senators 
swearing not to have carnal intercourse 
with the wives, mothers, daughters or sis- 
ters of fellow Senators during the session 
of Congress ! Think of the General As- 
sembly of the Presbyterian Church sol- 

emnly swearing its members, ministers 
and elders not to have illicit intercourse 
with the wives, daughters, mothers or 
sisters of their fellow members during 
the sessions of the court! If such 
an oath were administered to our civil of- 
ficers and members of church courts, it 
would be time to look up and see the fire 
and brimstone from heaven falling upon 
us as upon Sodom. 

5. The titles applied to lodge officials 
are blasphemous. The names, titles, at- 
tributes, and prerogatives of Deity are 
freely applied to the officers of the lodge. 
This marks it as Satan's counterfeit. 
Jew, Mohammedan, Pagan and Chris- 
tian unite in the worship of the lodge. 
It is not good Masonry to mention 
Christ's name in the first three degrees. 
A worship that excludes Christ is not 
God's worship, but the worship of devil. 
It is perilously near the sin against the 
Holy Ghost. And he that blasphemeth 
against the Holy Ghost hath never for- 


Boston, Mass. 



A symbol is a fact or series of facts in 
photograph. It is not the original but 
a transcript. John photographed a real 
scene, and gives us, in the twelfth chap- 
ter of his vision in Patmos, the picture 
of a "serpent casting a flood of water 
out of his mouth." 

The context shows that the "serpent" 
was Eve's tempter, Job's tormentor and 
Christ's assailant, and the purpose of the 
"flood" was to carry away the "woman" 
or the church, which she represents in 
the picture. It is a revelation by the 
Holy Ghost of the supreme effort of "that 
old serpent, called the devil and satan," 
to remove the church of God from the 
"foundation on which she is built by 
prophets and apostles ; Jesus ' Christ 
himself being the chief corner stone." 

The figure indicates attempted destruc- 
tion by displacement, or, in a word, sub- 
stituting many doctrines of devils, for 
the one doctrine of the atonement. It 
means the "prince and ruler of spiritual 

September, 1899. 



wickedness," flooding this world with a 
Christless religion. 

Nothing could more fitly represent a 
sweeping current of false worship than 
a copious stream pouring from the ex- 
panded jaws of an enraged serpent. "He 
cast out of his mouth water as a flood.'' 
It rushed and foamed, following in old 
or plowing for itself new channels. It 
violently removed land marks, leaving 
desolation in its track. Without pity or 
partiality it wrested every hope from the 
believer, and left the sin-tainted soul a 
helpless waif in the angry swirl of a fath- 
omless maelstrom. 

Water rests only when it finds its 
level. When obstructed its pressure is 
unremitting, and so it is with satan's de- 
vices; with incitement and cunning born 
of experience he formulates a system, 
which appeals to every sinister element 
in the human heart, and adroitly thrusts 
it into every lane and avenue of social, 
secular and devotional life. Encompas- 
sing whatever resists his progress, he 
diligently undermines that which he can- 
not at once overleap. Countless systems 
have risen and from their motley records 
furnish material from which to construct 
a single deluge, combining the craft, en- 
mity and deadly elements of all by which 
this crowning dragon eruption from the 
apocalyptic beast has been preceded, and 
spread like the pall of Egypt's darkness, 
until Mr. Mackey affirms that there is 
not a civilized people on the face of the 
globe where Freemasonry is not found. 
Pagans, who have drifted beyond all 
knowledge of God and his word, silence 
reason and strangle natural affection in 
a merciless devotion to superstition, but 
any approach of the gospel herald is the 
signal for directing streams of more re- 
fined and highly embellished worship 
into the invaded provincee. The Chris- 
tian faith is followed, but never preceded 
>y cultured, captivating Masonic ritual- 
ism. Gross and sensual forms are more 
ittractive to the benighted. 

Where the church is active and domi- 
nant, the dragon burnishes his appa- 
ratus, dons his showy uniforms, wheels 
out his loftiest water-towers, mans the 
force pumps, turns on every pound of 
pressure, supplies the women and chil- 
dren with buckets and dippers, presses 
ivery available helper into service, floods 

the town with music and display, and 
winds up the grand demonstration with 
a banquet for the pious and a dance for 
the godless. By this device notoriety is 
gained, the giddy are delighted, the timid 
are awed, the thoughtful are perplexed, 
while very few realize that the whole per- 
formance is a huge waterspout from the 
dragon's mouth, hurled against the 
Church of Christ. Such are the gala days 
of pagan worship when environed by 
Christian civilization, but its deadly grip 
is deeper and more secluded. Fruitful in 
expedients, the dragon presses the church 
into service for her own destruction. He 
assumes the roll of pious Pretender and 
quotes Scripture as glibly as the devil re- 
peated psalms to Christ in the wilderness. 

Like the water supply of a city con- 
ducted through pipes, society has its 
channels of physical, social, intellectual 
and devotional supplies. It is the policy 
of the Masonic dragon to tap these 
streams and draw off their fullness. To 
exhaust the divinely ordained sources of 
supply and turn every current of influ- 
ence to his own account. From the ark 
of the covenant he takes the "sacred 
book," mutilates its pages, and parades 
the emasculated volume as an object of 
religious veneration. He dons the habit 
and titles of priesthood and dramatizes 
the most touching and tender narratives 
in Holy Writ. He calls solemn assem- 
blies in secret chambers, where the pious 
and profane caricature sacramental ser- 
vices as brothers. He counterfeits god- 
liness to keep the unsaved away from the 
house of God, and to blind those who 
have seen the true Light. He appropri- 
ates the Sabbath as a day of showy pa- 
rades, and gives a gloss of sanctity to his 
weird performance by entering the sanc- 
tuary and participating in pious homo- 
lies. He taps the till of every church and 
every Christian benevolence, draining 
their resources into his own exchequer, 
to buy trappings, build temples, spread 
sumptuous feasts, pay admission fees and 
lodge dues. 

To forestall the circulation of unfriend- 
ly literature and widely disseminate his 
own, he lays an embargo on the press, 
guards every avenue of distribution, ob- 
structs competitive trade and so manipu- 
lates traffic that his adversaries are com- 
pelled to receive their daily papers, re- 



September, 1899. 

ligious journals, encyclopedias and 
standard histories from hands licensed 
under his "mark." 

With greater insolence he invades the 
public school, and under pretext of uni- 
fying sects ejects the Lamp of benighted 
intellect, and grieves the only Instructor 
who is able to impart all wisdom, and 
having removed the standard of perfect 
morality and undented religion, he sub- 
stitutes counterfeits of his own. 

With a like ruthless freedom he in- 
vades the nursery and the home. The 
mother instinct is benumbed and pervert- 
ed by his touch, until she takes the child 
of tender age from the altar of Christian 
consecration, and lays him in the arms 
of the "great red dragon" and celebrates 
the sacrifice of her babe in lodge baptism, 
with saturnalian festivities, while he re- 
ceives the "mark of the beast and the 
number of his name." When the de- 
scendants of persecuted fugitives gather- 
ed to form a constitution and lay the 
foundations of the most benign civil gov- 
ernment on earth, their assembly was not 
overlooked. The adversary negatived 
Christianity by omitting all recognition 
of "The King of nations." That Name, 
which above every other name has the 
highest claim, must not appear. The na- 
tion, like the disciple of Robert G. Inger- 
sol, must either manufacture a god of its 
own or do without one. Whatever the 
motive of those who subscribed to the 
constitution, the devil forecast the impor- 
tance of this omission. 

He saw in it a breach in the dyke 
through which he could pour a flood of 
infidelity and atheism over this land. 
Through a Christ-neglecting nation he 
knew that the road was straight and 
short to the object of his especial hatred. 
He could multiply harlots and rivals, and 
decorate the bride herself until any as- 
sembly of believers patterned after the 
simplicity of Christ and his apostles in 
the eucharistic chamber, or modeled from 
churches planted by Paul and Barnabas, 
would be "like storks in the wilderness 
or owls in the desert." Having obtained 
this omission, the devil proceeds to en- 
tangle our Presidents and his counsel- 
ors and the people in subtle web he has 
woven for their destruction. He "un- 
equally yokes" the most antagonistic 
characters in lodge brotherhood. He 

multiplies distilleries and their distribut- 
ing agencies. He fills our cities with 
that tarnished beauty and blighted virtue 
symbolized by a wanton woman "upon a 
scarlet-colored beast," and, more de- 
structive than all besides, he has filled our 
land with "Synagogues of satan," where 
Jews and Gentiles profane the worship of 
Jehovah and offer the abominations of 
Baal is "sacrifice to devils" within their 
secret lodges, exalting "the god of this 
world" above Christ. 

Is not this the original of John's photo- 
graph of the "serpent casting out of his 
mouth water. as a flood after the woman, 
that he might cause her to be carried 
away by the flood?" 

As fishes live in water because it is 
their native element, so every species of 
social, civil and religious degeneracy 
thrive in the dead sea of solemn Christ- 
dishonoring worship. As the eagle rises 
and rests above the storm, so the church 
of the living God mounts to "victory over 
the world, the flesh and the devil," and 
abides under the shadow of the Almighty 
where the gates of hell shall not pre-, 
vail against her." 

From her stronghold in the "Rock of 
her Salvation" she unfurls her banner in- 
scribed with the Gloria of her immortal 
poet — 

"Lift up your heads, O ye gates ! and be 
ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors, and the 
King of glory shall come in. 

"Who is this King of glory? The 
Lord, strong and mighty in battle. He 
is the King of glory," and in "His Name" 
defies the enemy of all righteousness and 
builds the walls of her ''New Jerusalem." 


"Can you spell kitten, my little man?" 

I said to Jack, five years old. 
And behind his back Jack put both 
And he tossed his locks of gold. 
"Too hard?" I asked. Then, his face 
grew grave, 
And he said: "It isn't that — 
But I'm too old for kitten, you know ! 
Now just try me on cat!" 

What time of day was Adam born? A 
little before Eve. 

September, 1899. 



Twentieth Century Religion. 

Christian Science, Spiritualism, Higher Criticism, 
Theosophy, Unitarianism, Liberalism, Infi- 
delity, Rationalism, Skepticism, 
and Agnosticism. 



September, 1899. 

Never Grand Master. 

"Mount Vernon, 25th September, 1798. 
■"The Rev. Mr. Snyder: 

"Sir — Many apologies are due to you for my not acknowledging the receipt of 
your obliging favor of the 22d ult. , and for not thanking you, at an earlier period, 
for the book you had the goodness to send me. 

"I have heard much of the nefarious and dangerous plan and doctrines of the 
Illuminati, but never saw the book until you were pleased to send it to me. The 
same causes which have prevented my acknowledging the receipt of your letter 
have prevented my reading the book hitherto; namely, the multiplicity of matters 
which pressed upon me before, and the debilitated state in which I was left, after a 
severe fever had been removed, and which allows me to add little more now than 
thanks for your kind wishes and favorable sentiments, except to correct an error 
you have 7-un into, of my Residing over the Eitglish Lodges in this -country. The 
fact is I •preside over 7ione,*nor have I been in one more than once or twice within 
the last thirty years. I believe, notwithstanding, that none of the Lodges in'this 
country are contaminated with the principles ascribed to the society of the Illu- 
minati. With respect, I am, sir, 

"Your ob't humble servant, 

"Geo. Washington." 


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221 W. MADISON ST., 


September, 1899. 





A century ago General Washington 
felt obliged to "correct an error" and 
contradict the rumor that he was Grand 
Master of Freemasons; yet, though he 
never told a lie and cannot be presumed 
to have written one, his contradiction is 
itself virtually contradicted with persist- 
ent freedom. 

The records of King David Lodge, of 
Newport, R. I., succeeded by St. John 
Lodge, also contain the report of a com- 
mittee adverse to proposed action, be- 
cause, "on inquiry they find General 
Washington not to be Grand Master of 
America, as was supposed, nor even mas- 
ter of any particular lodge." 

This lodge record of Feb. 14, 1781, 
agrees with what he wrote seventeen 
years later, Sept. 25, 1798, the year be- 
fore he died: "The fact is, I preside over 
none, nor have I been in one more than 
once or twice within the last thirty 

From another source also his having 
been in a lodge at least "once" is known, 
and circumstances suggest "twice" on 
the same day. 

Three lodges met him in the forenoon 
of Sept. 18, 1793, on his way to the capi- 
tol to lay the corner-stone. Led by the 
Grand Master pro tempore they turned 
into a large room, taking Washington 
with them. This room had been ar- 
ranged for the occasion in the style of a 
Masonic lodge. Almost immediately 
they emerged, and, with little interrup- 
tion from this delay, the procession con- 
tinued on its way to the capitol. 

Washington was now seen invested 
with. a sash wrought by the wife of La- 
fayette, which he could hardly decline 
wearing, and an apron from the same 
hands, such as he had permanently laid 
off about a quarter of a century before. It 
is not unnatural to suppose that he was 
divested of these relics in the same room, 
and that there was thus completed the ex- 
ception of "once or twice." 

Yet the allegation is freshly and boldly 
made that Washington laid the corner- 
stone not only as President but also as 

Grand Master of Freemasons. This is 
still claimed in spite of the contemporary 
newspaper report which details the part 
borne by Grand Master Joseph Clark, 
and in spite of Washington's own volun- 
tarily written repudiation, made a cen- 
tury ago. 


"The period for suspending members 
for arrearage of dues has again arrived." 
* * * "Look up delinquents, brothers, 
and save them, thus reducing the drain 
that has done so much to hurt the order 
and lessen its numbers and influence." — 
Masonic Chronicle. 

It is true that many who have been 
drawn into Masonry prove indifferent or 
averse to it, and at least cease to give it 
much attention. The Grand Lodge of 
Michigan called such "renegade Ma- 
sons," 1898 report, and said it had 12,000. 
It is estimated that there are 248.620 
"reneeade Masons" in the United States. 


"The clandestine Masonic lodges of 
Ohio are thirty-three in number, named 
and located as follows." Here is given 
the list. "Lodges outside of Ohio should 
place these names where they may be 
readily referred to, especially when exam- 
ining visitors from Ohio." — Masonic 

What becomes of the boast that secret 
signs and grips are necessary for protec- 
tion from impostors? 


The local committee of Oddfellows of 
Springfield had printed a beautiful sou- 
venir of the dedication of the Oddfellows' 
Home, copies of which were freely pur- 
chased and carried away by the visitors. 
One thing was remarkable, the advertis- 
ing of liquor dealers and breweries, with 
the committee's indorsement — "all adver- 
tisers herein are worthy of confidence, 
and deserve the patronage of all fair- 
minded people." — Oddfellows' Com- 

Didn't they get it. too? "Dancing 
drinking and lewdness" is a triumvirate 
of all false religions. 



September, 1899. 


combinations which the Companion 

Old Resident of Chicago and Corporate 

Member of the N. C. A. and Former 

Judge Passes Away. 

William H. Zearing, an old resident 
of this city, died recently at Mackinac 
Island. Mr. Zearing was stricken with 
paralysis while on the steamer North- 
land on Sunday, and was taken to the 
island. His niece, Mrs. J. Ellsworth 
Gross, 3600 Michigan avenue, left here 
on Monday, and was with him when he 
died. The body will be broug-ht to Chi- 
cago on the steamer Manitou. The fun- 
eral took place Aug. 12. 

An error in our last number credited 
Rev. Wm. Dillon with editing the Chris- 
tian Cynosure, when it should have read 
the Christian Conservator. The slip of 
the pen last month gives the opportunity 
of saying that Rev. Dr. Dillon is highly 
regarded as a Christian editor outside of 
his denomination as well as within it, and 
we should not be at all sorry to have 
what was an error become a fact. 


"Thus fraternalism has grown, is 
growing, and will continue to grow and 
do good until the period so long prayed 
for, the millennium of God, shall dawn 
upon earth — when wars and tumults 
shall cease, and when 'nation shall not 
lift up sword against nation/ neither 
'learn war any more.' " — The**Compan- 
ion, O. F., February, 1899. 

If this means that, in an ideal state of 
society secret combinations would dfe 
out, and in a "millennium of God" wick- 
ed oaths would no longer be taken, and 
the mention of Christ and Christianity 
be no longer out of order, or likely to 
disturb the holy type of "fraternalism" 
that would then prevail, it appears un- 
deniably true. 

If it means that the perpetuation of 
such things is itself the means of bring- 
ing such a millennium, it looks like the 
expression of a hope likely in the nature 
of the case to be disappointed. The book 
that encourages hope is the very book 
that announces the means of its fulfill- 
ment and declares aeainst the secret 

"Chartered during the lifetime of our 
great and most illustrious example, 
George Washington, Blazing Star Lodge 
has been almost co-existent with the re- 
public itself." — Address of Worshipful 
Master French at centennial of the 
lodge, Concord, N. H., June 1, 1899. 

Co-existent so far as existing during 
the same time is concerned, but not in re- 
spect of existing in the same methods, 
spirit, and purpose, the little lodge and 
the great republic have indeed been. 

That "most illustrious example, George 
Washington," should be followed, for he 
avoided the lodge for thirty years. 

Rev. H. H. Hinman gave us much 
pleasure at headquarters last month by a 
visit of a few days. He was busy seeking 
aid for the Southern Industrial Mission 
among the colored people, among whom 
he labored for two ,or three years. His 
son George and wife are laboring suc- 
cessfully as missionaries m China, and 
Herbert and wife are serving a Congre- 
gational church in Nebraska, though it 
would be more proper to say, probably, 
that Mrs. Herbert Hinman is serving the 
young grandson of our brother. At any 
rate the grandson is an important part 
of Brother H. H. Hinman's joys at the 
present time. His daughter Susie is at 
home in Oberlin, where she taught dur- 
ing the past year, having fully recovered 
her health. We have written at some 
length because we know that there is no 
member of the Cynosure family more be- 
loved than our brother Hinman, or one 
from whom a greater number would be 
pleased to hear. 

There is a short story in this number 
of the Cynosure to which I think our 
readers will want to call the attention of 
their children. We have some numbers 
of the August Cynosure for free distribu- 
tion, if they are ordered sent to some 
young* man or young woman who may 
be thinking of going away from home to 
attend school. The editor trusts that 
every one interested in the work of the 
National Christian Association will call 
the attention of the young men and 
young women to the article in this num- 

September, 1899. 



be'r commemorating the heroism of Cap- 
tain William Morgan in warning his 
country against Freemasonry. 

Our friends on the Pacific Coast will 
not fail to read the notice of the conven- 
tion to be held in Tacoma, Wash., and 
also will not fail to read the Pacific coast 
news from Agent P. B. Williams. You 
will also be interested in the inquiry 
raised by Secretary W. B. Stoddard as 
to the convention in Ohio. A letter re- 
ceived from Rev. Wm. Dillon upon the 
matter of a convention in Indiana re- 
quests it to be postponed to October or 

There will be a statement of donations 
received this year in the next number of 
the Cynosure. In the meantime will ev- 
ery one that can, please remember the 
work by such gifts as God would have 
him make. Some have taken advantage 
of our offer to send Lodge Lamps for 
free distribution on receipt of postage. 
We have quite a good many still in 
stock that ought to be out doing good. 
Let as many as possible set their chil- 
dren at work distributing them from 
house to house. 

In a tract on the "Twentieth Century 
Religion" Evangelist L. W. Munhall 
says : 

"We are hearing a great deal of late 
about the Twentieth Century Religion. 
It is quite the 'Fad' with many. You see, 
it is up-to-date. The Fathers, Martyrs 
and Reformers • were behind the times. 
Besides, you know, they were an ignor- 
ant lot, groping about among their out- 
of-date Bibles and Creeds — honest 
enough without doubt, and doubtless 
saved ; but their faith and religion will 
never do for this enlightened and prog- 

ressive age. 

On another page will be found a car- 
toon adapted from one in Leaves of 
Healing and from one by Dr. Munhall. 

The National Christian Association is 
under obligation to our old friend and 
co-worker, Elder Woodruff Post, for the 
gift of the Anti-Masonic Review of 1828, 
a magazine published in New York City 
at that time. 


Word is received, just as we go to 
press, that Rev. Isaac Bancroft is very 
low and not expected to live. The N. C. 
A. and the cause of Christ has had no 
more faithful and sincere friend than 
Bro. Bancroft. He served our Associa- 
tion in Wisconsin as colporteur and lec- 
turer for several years, and later had 
charge of the N. C. A. book room at 
Washington. He gave liberally of his 
means to the work of the National Chris- 
tian Association and other Christian 
movements. The Cynosure will doubt- 
less have a fuller account of his life in a 
subsequent number. 


Discussions of sectarianism, politics and 
personal schemes are forbidden within its 
walls, and when one so far forgets his duty 
as to introduce them, the "offended law" is 
invoked for his punishment. — Oddfellows' 
Companion, Columbus. Ohio, February, 1899. 

This is to be understood in the light of 
the Grand Lodge explanation that 
"Christianity is a sect," for which reason 
it must be kept out of .sight in lodge de- 
votions, particularly by avoiding the use 
of Christ's name in prayer. It is the 
"duty" of an Odd Fellow, and the spe- 
cial "duty" of the chaplain of the lodge, 
never to "forget" that evangelical Chris- 
tianity is, in" the lodge vocabulary, "sec- 
tarianism." If a case of forgetfulness 
occurs, and the offense is repeated, "the 
offended law" can be "invoked for pun- 


Pythian Memorial Day has been fixed 
for the Tuesday following the second 
Sunday in June, this year falling on the 
14th. It is now time to begin the prep- 
arations necessary for fittingly remem- 
bering the dead of the order, the brothers 
who have stood by our side in the work 
of building up the order and spreading 
its beneficial principles throughout the 
land. — The Knight. 

And which Sunday has that other life 
insurance company, the New York Life, 
fixed upon to commemorate the deaths 
among its patrons? 



September, 1899. 

No, 23. On This Firm Foundation. 

{With grateful remembrance to Pres. Blanchard and Wheaton College.) 
0. S. G. O. S. Grinnkll. 

1. Toil - ing on, toil-ing on, we will work and pray, True 

2. Toil - ing on, toil-ing on, help-ing those in need, True 

3. Toil - ing on, toil-ing on, with a will - ing hand, True 

4. Toil - ing on, till we rest in the home of the soul, True 

IN /--s 



—A.-w ft — H 










prom-is-es of Je - sus; Standing firm on His word, in the Bi-ble way, 

prom-is-es of Je - sus; Going forth in the morn sowing precious seed, 

prom-is-es of Je - sus; Spreading pure gospel light o'er the desert land, 

prom-is-es of Je - sus; Looking up, lift-ing up while the years may roll, 

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True to the promises of Je - sus. 

True to the promises of Je - sus. On this firm foun-da-tion we shall 

True to the promises of Je - sus. 

True to the promises of Je - sus. 



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stand se - cure, Je - sus Christ the cor - ner stone; We shall spread the 

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gos-pel as the years may roll, Standing with the Lord a - lone. 





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Copyright, 1899. by R M. Meredith & Co. 

September, 1891). 





The following report on secret socie- 
ties was read and adopted by the highest 
court of the Covenanter Church at its 
annual meeting last June, and is, there- 
fore, the voice of the denomination on 
the question of secret societies. The 
church not only makes this declaration 
of principles but enforces it by discipline 
and thus tries to keep herself pure from 
the contamination of the lodge. She ad- 
mits to membership no one known to be- 
long to anv secret order, oath or pledge- 
bound. Rev. G. M. Robb. 


By, secret societies we mean those 
voluntary, man-made associations that 
demand, as a condition of membership, 
an oath or promise .that the secrets of the 
order shall not be revealed to the unini- 
tiated; and this oath or pledge to be 
given before the so-called secrets of the 
order are made known to the person tak- 
ing the obligation. 

It is patent to all that in the face of the 
flood of light that has been thrown into 
the lodge room; in the face of the testi- 
mony of those who have withdrawn from 
the lodge, and who have declared its folly 
and wickedness; and in the face of the 
command of our risen Lord to have no 
fellowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness, the number of such associa- 
tions increase, and their numbers multi- 
ply, until now this secret empire contains 
between 7,000,000 and 8,000,000 Ameri- 
can citizens, boasted freemen, who yet 
have willingly become the slaves of a 
despotic empire. 

Against such a growing system the 
agitation must be maintained. It is by 
testimony against evil that the evil is to 
be removed out of the way of human 
progress. And for our encouragement it 
is written that the walls of Jericho did 
not fall at the first blast of the trumpets 
•or at the first encircling of its walls. It is 
by continued testimony against this evil 
that deems itself so firmly entrenched be- 
hind the walls of State legislation, the 
church's indifference, and the hoary cus- 
toms of society, and its own secrecy that 
this evil will be overthrown. This sys- 

tem is accursed of God, and that curse 
will rest upon him who would appro- 
priate any of its stuff, or seek to rebuild 
any of its razed walls. Organized se- 
crecy has ever been one of the great 
props of Satan's kingdom. The secrets 
of Baal worship, the mystic rites of 
Egypt, Greece and Rome, Jesuitism, 
Mormonism and Masonry, with the 
whole brood of minor orders, has ever 
been one great stay to Satan's throne. 
"Satan has his seat there." Secrecy in 
religion, in politics^ in business, and in 
social life, has shut out from the minds 
of many the light of life and righteous- 
ness. By the power of organized secrecy 
have the pulpit and the press been muz- 

While we recognize the fact that all se- 
cret orders may not be alike guilty, yet 
each one is wrong in principle, and dan- 
gerous in practice. At the mouths of 
their own members, and by their pub- 
lished manuals, these associations that 
meet behind doubly guarded doors are 
immoral, basely selfish, despotic, unjust, 
blasphemous and anti-Christian. They 
are in direct opposition to the example 
and command of Him who said: "In se- 
cret have I said nothing," and "Let your 
light so shine before men." They are 
the rivals of the church, the body, and 
bride of Christ. And some professed 
ministers of Christ, in their zeal for the 
lodge, paint the church of Christ black 
that the lodge may seem wnite. 

Against this evil of secretism the 
church can be faithful to Christ and her- 
self by saying: "We will neither offer nor 
accept any compromise." Even the mi- 
nor orders are not to be tolerated. If the 
church opens her doors to minor orders 
she soon will be flooded by the major. 
"Watch the beginnings," is the safer 

In opposing this evil we must bear in 
mind that it receives into itself all that is 
"in the world, lust of the flesh, the hist 
of the eye, and the pride of life." It has 
its source in pride and unbelief, and its 
blood is selfishness. The only remedy 
for this disease is the Word of God. And 
especially that truth which declares the 
one only way of salvation, and those di- 
vine associations that (iod gave for the 
welfare of our race. The corrective for 
this evil is the family, the state, and the 



September, 1899. 

church, which are for all, and where ben- 
efits are to be enjoyed by all in the clear 
light of day. If these divine institutions 
fail to secure human happiness, no man- 
made institution, conceived in selfish- 
ness, and developed in darkness, will se- 
cure even for the few these blessings God 
meant for the many. 

Nor should we lose hope. Secret asso- 
ciations may not be able to reform them- 
selves, but they can destroy themselves. 
So rapid is the increase, society is already 
so honeycombed by .secrecy that when 
once the gathered pile is kindled by the 
breath of the Lord, this whole system 
will be enveloped with the smoke of its 
own destruction. And viewing its ruins, 
the family, the state, and the church 
from which the reproach of Egypt has 
been rolled away, will again pronounce 
the curse of God against any one that 
would rebuild this city of darkness. 


We recommend: I. That this synod 
calls on each and every member of this 
church to give force to his emphatic tes- 
timony against every form of oath-bound 
or promise-bound secrecy by taking a 
public stand against this evil. 

2. Synod testifies against those 
churches that knowingly permit their 
members, while in allegiance to this un- 
christian system, to sit undisturbed at 
the Lord's table, or allow their ministers 
to officiate in the Christless rites of the 

3. In the name of him who is Governor 
among the nations, we protest against 
the National and State governments giv- 
ing corporate existence to any secret or- 
ganization. The State wrongs itself and 
its citizens in permitting any association 
to be formed from which the officers of 
State are excluded. 

4. We protest against civil and munici- 
pal officers appropriating funds levied on 
the citizens to the entertainment of any 
secret lodge, and also against inviting 
any secret society to officiate at the be- 
ginning or completing of any building 
erected by public funds. 

5. That we commend the faithful ef- 
forts of the National Christian Associa- 
tion to the sympathy, the help and the 
prayers of our members. 

Pacific Coast Item 

REV. P. B. WILLIAMS, Salem, Ore. 

''They are a curse to the college. "- 
Wm. M. Evarts. 

At a recent quarterly meeting in Lane 
County, Oregon, a high lodge man and 
presiding elder, who was announced to 
preach, and who had received pay for 
preaching a gospel sermon, so far prosti- 
tuted his high calling by treating his au- 
dience to a lecture in favor of church so- 
cials as a means for securing money to 
pay the pastor and other church debts. 

We followed a few days later and did 
out best to undo his work. We took the 
position that a church and a ministry 
that must be supported by such methods 
have no right to exist and are worth more 
out of the way than here. 

God's plan is direct giving, and we are 
indebted to the spiritual death that lodge 
affiiliations have brought to the church 
for these unholy methods. 

A few years ago, in a California coun- 
ty seat, a Freemason got sick and tired 
of his lodge heathenism, and informed 
two of his lodge brethren (who were sent 
as a committee to him), that they need 
not depend on him any more, adding that 
he was done with Freemasonry forever. 
The next morning he was found with his 
throat cut across from ear to ear, and his 
tongue mutilated as per Masonic ven- 
geance. I am indebted to Rev. Chas. B. 
Marster for the above, who added: "The 
following morning I was in the black- 
smith shop of a brother Mason, and the 
subject of the supposed murder came up. 
I said, Tt is too bad/ when the black- 
smith said, with an oath, Tt is good 
enough for him; he ought to have been 
killed.' The minister said, T am of the 
opinion that this was intended to be a 
free country, where a man has a perfect 
right to quit any institution at any time, 
and he should have a perfect right to 
warn his fellowmen against it, if he sees 
wrong in it. But I see that Freemasonry 
stands in the way of this freedom.' 

We have a man in the Oregon Insane 
Asylum, here at Salem, whom his broth- 
er informed me that, he thinks, he is 
there for no other reason than the carry- 
ing out of the Masonic penalty years ago 
in the State of Iowa. 

A seceding Mason disappeared from 
the community. A search was inaugu- 

September, 1899. 



rated. The river was seined for miles, to 
no purpose. This Mason came up and 
said to the leaders of the searching party, 
"Why do you not search back on the 
prairie?" They went back on the prairie 
and soon found the missing man. His 
throat was cut across, his tongue torn out. 
Of course the Masons explained the mu- 
tilated condition of the ex-Mason by the 
fact that some hogs were near, and they 
must have cut his throat with their teeth 
and tore out his tongue. The first signs 
of the insanity of the Mason mentioned 
above was the remark that if "I had my 
just dues I would have my throat cut 
across like the murdered man mentioned, 
or my body thrown into the river like 
Captain William Morgan." It is evident 
that something was preying upon his 
mind very heavily. 

How awfully blinded men, and espe- 
cially Christian ministers, must be, to see 
nothing harmful in Masonry and kindred 

Rev. J. B. Crooks has arrived at 
Marshfield and has taken charge of his 
field. We will hear from him. I repre- 
sented him as being two or three times 
a seceder. I think now that he has occu- 
pied chairs in six or seven lodges. He is 
a brisk fellow, and will be hard to down. 
He is young in the ministry, but is not 
afraid to tackle the devil in any of his 
strongholds. I am informed that in Cali- 
fornia, where he has been stationed, a 
Mormon preacher came and challenged 
any one in the State to discussion. Broth- 
er C. accepted his challenge and wiped 
the ground with him; run him off the 
field. I am glad to welcome him as one 
of my pastors on Roseburg District. Rev. 
P. A. Mattson informs me that, though 
very busy preparing to move East this 
fall, yet he will find some time to help 
prepare to make the convention in Taco- 
ma a success. He is the honored presi- 
dent of the Washington Association. 

Brother John Littory, of Tacoma, says, 
"Dear Brother Williams: Nearly every- 
body is against your movement, because 
it is of God, therefore the devil is mad 
at you and your work. You may praise 
the Lord for the privilege of helping to 
fight this enemy. It takes the Holy 
Ghost to get people to believe your mis- 
sion." Mr. L. subscribes two dollars to 
our convention fund. 

Mr. Samuel A. Denniston. of Sidney, 

Wash., regrets that he cannot attend the 
convention at that time. His heart will 
be there, and he will send two dollars to 
help pay expenses. 

Mr. John Hart, of Canby, Oregon, is 
arranging for us to deliver three lectures 
in the German Evangelical Church at 
that place. I find this denomination very 
strongly pitted against the lodge, though 
they have no law against them. Such 
men as the Ernsts, Weinerts, Mansardt, 
Englebart, Copley and others are a "law 
unto themselves" against this gigantic 

Let every friend of this cause in Ore- 
gon and Washington pray for the com- 
ing convention, Sept. 19, 20, in the 
Swedish Lutheran Church, corner 8th 
and I streets, Tacoma. Everybody 
should attend who can. If any cannot, 
they should lend a hand in the way of 
some financial help to run the convention 
successfully. California is invited to join 
in the fight. 

Those on the coast who cannot attend 
are invited to write us a few lines of en- 
couragement to be read at the convention. 
Address us at Salem, Ore., till Sept. jo, 
then at Tacoma, Wash., care Rev. P. A. 
Matteson,8nSouth Eighth street. There 
will be some new speakers at the conven- 
tion. The addresses by the older mem- 
bers of the association will be able, as 
they always are. 

Let us all be diligent to increase the at- 
tendance and the interest. "The King's 
business requireth haste." 

item ttt0lmt& fetter. 


Vermont has a stringent prohibitory 
law, badly enforced, as may be expected 
wherever Masonic officials bear rule. 
Each town appoints one or more agents, 
who must keep pure liquors, and are al- 
lowed to sell for "medicinal, chemical 
and mechanical purposes only." Some 
of these agents, however, seem to be ap- 
pointed on Pat's theory, who, applying 
for a license, was surprised when inquiry 
was made regarding his moral charac- 
ter, "An' shure. how much character 
does a man need to have to sell liquor?" 
Many prostitute the office for their own 
profit by keeping what is practically a 



September. 1899. 

free saloon — paying no license and 
drawing their agents' salaries at the 
same time. In one place a prohibitionist 
was given the agency, but he was a high 
Mason, sold liquor freely on his own 
account and pocketed the profits, which 
were large. This was generally known, 
yet his Masonic pull procured him com- 
plete indemnity. 

Says a writer in one of the local pa- 
pers: "If the rumsellers throughout Ver- 
mont would only come forward and tes- 
tify to what they have paid for protec- 
tion and the private, confidential settle- 
ment of fake raids, what a sensation 
would be created!" What the country 
needs is a still more radical and star- 
tling revelation. Prohibitionists should 
be made to see the hidden hand of Ma- 
sonry, guiding, controlling, checkmat- 
ing at will, and learn why the good ship 
Prohibition beats vainly about and never 
gains the shore. 


W. C. T. U. workers, in the depart- 
ment for railroad men, may find that the 
following "ower true tale," shows as by 
a flash light why their best efforts among 
this class so often fail of success. 

A Christian woman who had herself 
and children to support applied to one 
of the officials of the Vermont Central 
to know if he would supply her with 
boarders. This he gladly promised to 
do, telling her that his greatest anxiety 
was to see his men supplied with strictly 
temperance boarding places, as he had 
found that houses of opposite character 
speedily ruined those possessed of orig- 
inally good habits. 

For about a year everything went 
swimmingly. The good influence of her 
place was soon felt on the boarders, some 
of whom were intemperate men, but 
through this means and the encourage- 
ment of their employer stopped drink- 
ing, joined the reform club, and grew to 
be sober men. 

For reasons unknown, but which may 
perhaps be guessed, this official lost his 
place, and the position was given to an- 
other man, who was a high Mason. 

Within a week the boarding mistress 
was conscious that a great change had 
passed over her men, which was soon ex- 
plained. Their employer had made fun 
of their temperance principles, and gave 
them to understand that he "wanted no 

one to work for him who was not man 
enough either to drink or let it alone." 
She prided herself on keeping an order- 
ly and quiet establishment. He taunted 
them with being so subservient to a 
woman that they "did not dare speak 
out loud in her house." The result was 
soon apparent. Pandemonium broke 
loose. They insisted on their right to 
be as noisy as they liked and take what 
company they chose into their rooms, 
telling her they meant to let their em- 
ployer know they were not afraid to do 
as they pleased, etc. 

In vain she threatened and expostu- 
lated, and after one night of such wild 
riot and disorder that she believes it has- 
tened the death of an invalid daughter, 
she reported them to their employer. 
His only answer was to order them all 
to leave. Not long after she saw four 
of these young men, three of whom had 
signed the pledge and become members 
of the Good Templars, one with a bottle 
of liquor, and all so drunk they could 
scarcely stand. 

It might be well for the W. C. T. U. 
when working for railroad men, to in- 
quire if the head officials are Masons, 
and what influence for or against tem- 
perance they are exerting on their em- 

It is pleasant to state that the man 
thus displaced to make way for a mem- 
ber of a secret fraternity soon found an- 
other position in Chicago, of which city 
he may still be a resident. 

"WHY IS IT? : ' 

There was a time when the country 
districts of New England were the con- 
servators of morals, as well as the abode 
of a type of piety, noble and sincere, if 
at times too austere and rigid. Governor 
Rollins of New Hampshire, in his Fast 
Day proclamation, boldly struck the first 
public note of warning that all this had 
changed, and startled pastors and peo- 
ple out of their easy-going indifference. 

To the average "summer boarder" 
who does not look below the surface of 
things these rural communities may 
seem to be the abode of innocence and 
peace, when in fact they are in a state 
of demoralization hardly to be conceived. 
The Brattleboro Reformer, alluding to 
the epidemic of revolting crimes which 
swept over rural Vermont a short time 
ago, says that "little of it can be charged 


September, 1899. 



to the 'foreigner/ " which is one of the 
grave features of the situation. "It is 
home-bred "and home-nurtured, all in the 
shadows of the schools and churches, and 
surroundings and influences that ought 
to make for human uplifting." 

"Why is it?" This is surely a perti- 
nent question. What is this poison which, 
according to the paper just quoted, "lias 
been slowly penetrating the veins of our 
rural life," which cannot be laid to the 
foreign immigrant, or the saloon, or the 
hundred and one causes on which it is 
popular to lay the blame? The facts 
given above show plainly. The lodge 
has choked out the churches, stifled their 
testimony, and poisoned the springs of 
spiritual life till there is absolutely no 
vital piety left except as it may linger 
in the souls of the faithful few. 

One more bulwark remains to be 
broken down — that law-abiding senti- 
ment which makes at once the glory and 
the safety of our village communities. 
The secret empire instills into the minds 
of its members — though it may be un- 
consciously to themselves— a general 
disregard for law, which filters gradually 
down through the whole community till 
they are as ready for a lynching bee as 
any of their brethren at the South. Two 
cases of mob outrage on women of ques- 
tionable character have been recently re- 
ported, in one case the sheriff giving his 
official sanction. Surely there ought to 
be law enough to deal with these sinning 
Magdalenes without thus bringing all 
law into contempt. 

The prevalence of mob rule may be 
one of the prime elements in the future 
time of trouble when the Masonic Beast, 
the anti-Christ, "the lawless one" of 
Scripture will have full sway. Mob out- 
rage, instigated and backed up by the 
lodge power, usually begins with crimi- 
nals or persons so obnoxious to society 
that little or no public sympathy can be 
created on their behalf, but it will not 
stop there. The principle once allowed 
and men and women of the most exem- 
plary lives, if objects of hatred to this 
dark bestial power, may yet become its 
victims. The precedent is full of danger. 
There is ominous significance in this 
general reign of lawlessness. The fire 
kindled in the green tree may yet spread 
to the dry. 

Ilje lame ani) tlje fo&ge 


If any man preach, any other gospel unto you, let 
him be accursed. — Gal. 1: 9. 


In Mackey's Lexicon, page 16, we 
read: "Acacian. A term * * * signify- 
ing a Mason, who by living in strict obe- 
dience to the obligations and precepts of 
the fraternity is free from sin." 

"We as free and accepted Masons are 
taught to make use of it (the gavel) for 
the more noble and glorious purpose of 
divesting our hearts and consciences of 
all the vices and superfluities of life, 
thereby fitting us as living stones for that 
spiritual building, the house not made 
with hands, eternal in the heavens." 

Again, same work, page 298: "It (the 
Master Mason's degree) inspires the 
most cheering hope of the final reward 
which belongs alone to the just made per- 

"We now behold man," says Sickles, 
"complete in morality and intelligence, 
with the stay of religion thrown in to in- 
sure him of the protection of the deity; 
nor can we conceive of anything that can 
be suggested more which the soul of man 
requires." Ah. Rezon, p. 189. 

"What regeneration by the word of 
truth is in religion, initiation is in Odd- 

"May your initiation and consequent 
practice aid in releasing you from all 
blindness of moral vision, set you free 
from a death in selfishness, into a life of 
active benevolence and virtue." Grosh's 
Manuel, page 90-98. 

At the funeral of a Modern Woodman 
the Adviser, standing at the head of the 
casket, says: " * * * in that better life, 
toward which we cast our longing eyes, 
there shall be no parting there." And at 
the grave the Consul is required to sav, 
"But the spirit has gone to God, who 
gave it. * * * He shall live in the eter- 
nal glories of his Maker." See Ritual of 
M. W r . of A. 

THE W C. T. U. 

The Du Page County Woman's Chris- 
tian Temperance Union, at its annual 



September, 1899. 

meeting in Glen Ellyn, 111., Aug 15, 
passed the following excellent resolu- 

"Resolved, That we look with disfavor 
upon the rapidly increasing number of so- 
cieties, secret- or otherwise, that tend to 
draw time and strength from the more im- 
portant work of the church and W. C. T. U. 
and other reform work which should com- 
mand attention of every Christian worker in 
the land." 

Since a special effort is being made, by 
secret societies, to weaken the W. C. T. 
U. by absorbing the time and money of 
women, and to strengthen our foe, for 
these societies are one of the strongholds 
of the liquor business, we earnestly hope 
that many good resolutions of this sort 
will be passed at the conventions so soon 
to be held. "And they overcame him 
(Satan) * * * by the word of their 
testimony." (Rev. 12: 11.) 


Jesus said, "I and my Father are one." 
"He that hath seen me hath seen the Fa- 

And since there is but "one God and 
one mediator between God and men, the 
man Christ Jesus," when the secret lodge 
rejects and dishonors Christ, by omitting 
his name from Bible passages where it 
occurs (as is done in the Royal Arch de- 
gree from 2 Thess. til., 6, and other ex- 
amples might be cited), the secret lodge 
at once sets aside and ignores the only 
true God and the only Savior of men! 


But not only do secret societies reject 
Him. God has in his word clearly set 
himself against secrecy. "I have not 
spoken in secret from the beginning." 
"I am the Lord, and there is none else. 
I have not spoken in secret in a dark 
place of the earth." Is. xlv., 18, 19, and 
xlviii., 16. "God is light * * * and 
what concord hath light with darkness?" 
Our Lord, reviewing his life-work before 
Pilate, said : "I spake openly to the world 
* * * and in secret have I said noth- 
ing." John xviii., 20. And looking for- 
ward to those last days preceding his 
coming again, he said to his disciples: "If 
any man shall say, Lo, here is Christ, or, 

there, behold he is in the secret chambers, 
believe it not." 

And not only do the character and ex- 
ample of God show that he is averse to 
secrecy ; it is plainly seen in the laws that 
were given to his chosen people. A na- 
tion of slaves in Egypt, God led them into 
the wilderness, and, on the single condi- 
tion of careful, diligent obedience to his 
commands, promised to "set them on 
high above all nations of the earth," 'to 
open to them his good treasure, to give 
rain in its season and to bless all the work 
of their hands," and it was added, "Thou 
shalt lend unto many nations, thou shalt 
lend and not borrow." 

But what were these commandments, 
in keeping of which there was so great 
reward? In general, to love God su- 
premely and his neighbor as himself; in 
particular we will mention four: 

(1) "If a soul sin and hear the voice of 
swearing, and is a witness; * * * if 
he do not utter it, then he shall bear his 
iniquity." (Lev. 5: 1.) To put this in 
common language, if a witness be put 
under oath and he refuses to testify, he is 
guilty. Christ before the High Priest an- 
swered nothing until he arose up and 
said unto him, "I adjure thee by the liv- 
ing God," that is, he put Jesus under 
oath, and then he answered. 

(2) "If a soul swear, pronouncing with 
his lips to do evil or to do good, whatso- 
ever it be that a man shall pronounce 
with an oath, and it be hid from him; 
when he knoweth of it, then he shall be 
guilty * * * and he shall confess that 
he hath sinned." (Lev. 5 : 4, 5.) That is, 
if a man promises with an oath to do 
something, not knowing what he is to do, 
it is a sin. For instance, if in a secret 
society, a person swears or promises to 
"obey all due signs and summonses" sent 
to him, whether he finds that the thing re- 
quired of him is to assist a poor man, 
which is a good thing, or to take a human 
life, which is an awful crime, he has 
sinned and God's law requires him to 
confess his sin. 

(3) "Take heed to thyself that thou en- 
quire not, saying, How did these nations 
serve their gods? even so will I do like- 
wise." "Thou shalt not do so unto the 
Lord thy God; What thing soever I com- 
mand you, observe to do it, thou shalt 
not add thereto not diminish from it." 

September, 1899. 



(Deut. 12: 30-32.) That is, in religion 
nothing less nor more than what God has 
commanded is acceptable to him. In the 
words of Christ, "In vain do they worship 
me, teaching for doctrines the command- 
ments of men." 

These laws of God are plainly opposed 
to lodge teaching and practice. The 
oath of the Master Mason to conceal the 
crimes of a brother is in direct opposition 
to the law of God in regard to witness- 
ing. One called to testify in court con- 
cerning the known guilt of a brother Ma- 
son would be obliged to decide between 
his lodge oath to conceal the crime and 
God's law that he testify to the truth. 
Thus secrecy takes away the fear of God, 
and in its place puts the fear of penalty, 
or the "fear of man" that "bringeth a 

(4) Again it is written, "Thou shalt not 
forswear thyself;" in lodge practice, how- 
ever, the solemn promise of "secrecy and 
obedience" must be given before the can- 
didate is permitted to know the secrets of 
the order. Thus, to set aside the law of 
God, who is the only rightful source" of 
human authority, is treason against all 
human government! 

It seems almost past belief, and yet it 
is true, that Masonic authors freely ad- 
mit that the lodge ceremonies are identi- 
cal with heathen worship. 

Mackey, one of the highest Masonic 
authorities, in his "Ritualist," p. 109, 
says: "The single object of all the ancient 
rites and mysteries practiced in the very 
bosom of pagan darkness * * * is still 
the great design of the third degree of 
Masonry — the sublime degree of a Mas- 
ter Mason!" And in the same work, ar- 
ticle Antiquity of Masonry, are these sig- 
nificant words, "The Ancient Mysteries, 
those truly Masonic institutions." 

What, then, is the position of a Chris- 
tian worshiping in a secret lodge? He is 
trying to do what God said, "Thou shalt 
not do," namely, worship the true God 
with a heathen rite. 

Aaron attempted to do this when he 
set up the golden calf and "built an altar 
before it * * * and said to-morrow is 
a feast of the Lord." But it is written: 
"They sacrificed to devils, not to God 
* * * and when the Lord saw it, he ab- 
horred them * * * and he said, I will 
hide my face from them, I w» n see TsCiat 

their end shall be." (Deut. 32: 17, 19, 
20.) And again it is said: "They shall no 
more offer their sacrifices unto devils." 
(Lev. 17: 7.) And again, "The things 
which the Gentiles sacrifice they sacrifice 
to devils, not to God." (I. Cor. 10: 20.) 

And as God does not change, worship 
offered to him to-day, as then, in a way 
not appointed by him, is an offense to 

Satan stands behind the false altar, or 
the rite, or ceremony not appointed by 
Christ, and receives the worship; and as 
the Holy Spirit of God fills the heart of 
every one who truly worships God 
through Christ, and makes him holy, so 
Satan blinds the mind and then fills the 
heart of the sincere worshiper at a false 
altar, and makes him devilish. 




"By-by, papa's boy," said Dr. Simp- 
son, as the vision of pink and white, 
brightened by two great blue eyes, rolled 
away toward the charming little park 
across the street. 

"Doctor, you are to be congratulated," 
said a voice from the veranda of the ad- 
joining house. 

"Thank you ; • indeed, I think so. If 
my boy does not become the center of at- 
traction in the best society that wealth 
and culture produces, I shall be disap- 
pointed ;" and the doctor returned to his 
library and his morning paper. 




Years passed. Thrrrr — trr — trrr trilled 
the electric bell of Dr. Simpson's man- 
sion in reply to the quick pressure on its 
button. When the door opened in walk- 
ed Will Salisbury without ceremony, fol- 
lowed by four men carrying Lionel in an 
unconscious state. A fearful contrast to 
the beautiful boy who rolled away so 
gaily in his new willow coach, eighteen 
years before. 

"What! is he gone?" asked his father, 
coming from his study. 

"No, sir," said Will. "We were ini- 
tiating him. He smoked the cigarettes 
all right, though he looked dizzy, but 
after taking the whisky he fell and lay so 
still and white that the boys all fled but 
me. I called these men and showed them 
the way to his home." 



September, 1899. 

"Whisky! cigarettes!" exclaimed the 
astonished mother, faintly. "I thought 
you and Lionel were temperance boys." 

"So we are. But in out lodge, you see, 
whisky and cigarettes are part of the ini- 

Poor Lionel was tenderly carried to the 
bed in his beautiful room and his mother, 
assisted by the family physician and a 
maid, assiduously aided nature in her ef- 
forts to undo the mischief, until at last 
his eyes opened and he faintly whispered : 


Thankfully she kissed him, and as she 
sat caressing his brow or holding his 
hand, at intervals, in broken phrases, he 
said : 

"Don't worry, mother, I'll soon be all 
right. They say that all smart boys must 
sow wild oats. I do not see why." 

"Indeed, my child, good seed is the 
only kind worth sowing. Sin always 
damages the soul that indulges in it. A 
society with such vile ceremonies is no 
place for my boy. Here's an tgg; take it, 
darling, and rest now. 




On a bright summer evening a few 
months later Dr. Simpson walked into 
the room where his wife sat busy with her 
embroidery, looking well pleased. 

"Well, Lionel's oration was a grand 
success. I could almost imagine I was 
talking myself at metaphor followed 
simile, illustration, argument, all empha- 
sized by his natural gestures and manly 

"How could it be otherwise? If Lionel 
had worked as earnestly over his grad- 
uating address as you have, he would not 
have had so much time to effervesce for 
the amusement of those dangerous, 
purse-proud boys and silly girls." 

"Now, Nellie, so long as I earn a good 
salary for your comfort, do not be too 
critical about Lionel's company. The 
parents of those young people pay well, 
and why not try to please their children. 
Just listen to this paragraph from to- 
night's paper. The headline is: 
" 'President Burton's Daughter Ini- 

" 'Miss Estelle Burton surprised pass- 
ersby early this morning by crossing the 
campus heavily clad in furs, although the 
thermometer stood at 70 . About noon 
she reappeared with market-basket on 

her arm, clad in a thin calico dress. To- 
ward evening, as the remaining trials of 
her initiation were ended, she appeared 
becomingly attired at a reception given in 
her honor as a member of the sorority of 
the Delta Theta.' 

"If the president of our university al- 
lows his daughter such sport, we must 
not be too particular about Lionel. Don't 
you think he had better go to the univer- 
sity next year?" 

"I suppose he must go. But how sad 
to see our magnificent university lower- 
ing its standard to admit secret societies 
with such puerile initiations. They love 
darkness rather than light, because their 
deeds are evil. I dread the possible ef- 
fects of such an unwholesome atmosphere 
for our boy. You know it is a shame to 
speak of the things that are done by these 
orders in secret. Learning, wealth and 
talent should be under tribute to' the ele- 
vation of humanity. The whole creation 
groaning in ignorance and sin reaches up 
to the favored children of our schools for 
a higher, holier civilization. 

Lionel's native gifts, fine clothes, lib- 
eral supply of money and father's reputa- 
tion made him popular at the university. 

"You will join the Kappa Delta Phi, 
of course, Lionel. It contains the most 
exclusive set in school," said Julius 
Hoxey. Two of our boys will be million- 
aires when of age. James Slipperton is 
the finest dancer in school. John Smith 
is an expert at billiards, and Smith Ger- 
rard, our president, is very liberal with 
his money." 

"Is Robert Fitzgerald one of your 
members?" inquired Lionel. 

"Indeed not. He's too independent, 
entirely. He will not drink or smoke, or 
help at hazing or other larks. He leads 
the prayer-meeting sometimes, and I be- 
lieve he would report on us if inquired 
of. He's too much for us." 



"Mother," said Lionel, "the boys down 
at the university want me to join the Kap- 
pa Delta Phi; they say it's very swell and 
exclusive. What do you recommend?" 

"Oh, ask your father. I do not like 
any secret societies." 

"Well, father?" 

"Join, of course. A boy must not go 
too far ahead of his father. I was a se- 

September, 1899. 


1 55 

•cret society man in college and would be 
a Freemason now but for some stiff old 
members in the church who insist that 
such a fellowship would be the deathknell 
of my usefulness. I respect your moth- 
er's views, of course, but this time " 

"But, father, you remember the high 
school boys almost finished me, and some 
of the Kappa Deltas are tougher than 
they were." 

"Pshaw! You're not a coward, are 


* # ^ * >r * * 

"Get up, old boy! Here's the strong 
grip of Ulysses." But Lionel's head cir- 
cled helplessly upon the death-stricken 
body, as the blood oozed from his mouth. 

"Here, put him on the couch! Bring 
water! His pulse is gone! Call the doc- 



Four days later black crape hung at 
Dr. Simpson's door, and, followed by a 
long train of sympathetic friends, the 
hearse carried away from the home of 
the worldly father and the weak mother 
their darling Lionel, a victim of secret 

There is another very delightful fea- 
ture which can be introduced and I be- 
lieve will be a great drawing card, and 
that is monthly smokers. I do not know 
■of any lodge of our order that is opposed 
to smoking, and at a very meagre cost an 
excellent social feature in this line can 
be gotten up, which I feel confident will 
be beneficial to our lodge meetings. — 
Chas. J. Sinn, on "How to Make Lodge 
Meetings Interesting," in the Knight, 
July, 1898. 

Mothers, please read the above extract 
over again. Do you really wish your 
boys to join smoking clubs? 

Mtm of ©ur Poti 

Ta-Co-Ma. The Pacific coast conven- 
tion at Tacoma, Wash., begins on Tues- 
•day, the 19th of September. That will 
give plenty of time to get ready and go, 
after reading this notice. Secretary P. 
B. Williams is your leader under God, 
and he will make the convention a suc- 
cess if hard work will do it. Who will 
follow the leader? 

C. M. Aitken, of New York City, 
writes: Last March I went to J. J. Little 
& Co., of Lafayette place, New York 
City, a very large printer, to have some 
printing. The manager made out a 
contract, I paid down a certain amount 
and went away. Next day I went there 
with a small item, which I wished in- 
serted and was told by the manager that 
the foreman of the printing rooms, a Ma- 
son, had sworn point blank that he would 
leave the place at once if they undertook 
to print such a pamphlet. Though I held 
the contract the manager wished me to 
surrender same to avoid trouble, which 
I did. 

President C. A. Blanchard preached 
last month the gospel of salvation 
through our Lord Jesus Christ in several 
places in Ohio and Indiana, and espe- 
cially warned the people against the god 
of the lodges, an ideal of the mind, and 
one of Satan's most subtle religions at 
the present time. He lectured in Wads- 
worth and Bluffton, in Ohio, and at 
Berne and also Goshen, in Indiana. 
These lectures were given in Mennonite 
churches by request. 

The signatures to the testimony that 
"Christians ought never to join secret 
societies" have not been reported in large 
numbers as yet, and that you may not 
forget the matter, it is reproduced in this 
number. Two or three Sabbath schools 
are reported as having used the testi- 
mony or were going to use it. We have 
some very neat ones in new form for in- 
dividual use. Send a two-cent stamp for 


Since starting on my lecturing tour 
against "Secrecy" on May 23 last. I have 
spoken 54 times, 41 in the Norwegian 
and 13 in the English languages. 1 lave 
traveled about 2,400 miles by rail and 
about 575 by team. Have sold ritual- 
and anti-lodge literature to the amount 
of some $60. 

My lectures have been well received 
on the whole, and in only two places, 
Ridgeway, Iowa, and Grand Forks. X. 
D., have I had open opposition. Lodge 
members, as a rule, do not come to such 



September, 1899. 

meetings in any large number. This 
proves that they do not feel safe in seeing 
and hearing the other side of "the ques- 

At Dakota, S. D., where I spoke in the 
M. E. Church in English, and where I 
was told that everybody belonged to 
some lodge or another, I was greeted at 
the close by the pastor, who thanked me 
for the talk and said that his views on the 
subject coincided precisely with mine. 
Such incidents are very encouraging. I 
think that more and more of the clergy- 
men will open their eyes to the evils of the 
secret societies. S. A. Scarvie. 


Mrs. Stoddard's serious illness has 
necessitated changes in my plans for a 
camp meeting campaign. Her recovery 
now seems assured, and we hope for her 
release from the hospital soon. 

I have been cordially greeted at each 
of the three camps visited. While each 
meeting adhered strictly to its specialty, 
the lodge has incidentally come in for its 
share of reprobation. 

At Douglas, Mass., the committee in 
charge (every one of whom had been 
"raised" on the "Five Points") laid but 
few restrictions on my work, and only 
such as they deemed essential to the 
primary purpose of the meeting. 

At Portsmouth^, R. I., Bro. Seth M. 
Rees left the door open to a field where 
devout men and women, the representa- 
tives of widely scattered constituencies, 
could be approached. 

Rev. Bro. Wallace, in charge at 
Springfield camp, held out the olive 
branch on my approach to the grounds, 
and I found a slight temptation to inac- 
tion in an entire absence of anv defender 
or even apologist for secret orders. My 
own judgment is that a scriptural repre- 
sentation of the iniquities of lodgery 
would have furthered rather than hin- 
dered their objects, but they thought 
otherwise and I have learned not to ac- 
count a brother who honestly differs 
with me as an enemy or even an oppo- 
nent. A willingness and evident desire 
to have quiet work done in such a way 
as not to make the management directly 
responsible, is a sign of progress. Our 
zealous coadjutors at the West will 

please accept a notice that N. E., while 
not aspiring to be the head, will not long 
consent to be the tail of a great uprising 
against this formidable anti-Christ. 

Seceders are multiplying, the skirm- 
ishers are out, the lodge was assailed at 
each of these camps, and the decisive bat- 
tle is drawing on apace. "Be of good 

On being introduced to a minister at 
Providence, I received and returned the 
Masonic grip. A brief catechism in lodge 
parlance followed, when, looking me 
straight in the face, he said : "I took 
seven degrees of that dirty stuff, but 
when I gave myself to Christ he cleaned 
me all up and washed me whiter than 
snow. Hallelujah !" 

Another, on hearing my name, came 
forward and grasped my hand, saying :. 
"Is this Bro. Stoddard? I want to tell 
you that I got a tract you published on. 
Oddfellowship, and it brought me 
straight out of the lodge. I have been 
using it with my old comrades until it is 
nearly worn out." 

After listening to a very able sermon 
by a Providence pastor, I approached 
him on the subject of secrecy. "Did you 
ever lecture in Indiana ?" he asked. "At 
what place?" I inquired. "At Westfield. 5 * 
"Did you know Rev. Bro. Fisher, Mr. 
Hyatt and Peter Rich ?" I queried. "Yes, 
very well, and when I was only a boy you 
gave lectures in our town, and I've been 
opposed to the lodges ever since." 

Jas. P. Stoddard. 

Dr. J. Riemersma, of the Christian 
Reformed Church, Chicago, and vice 
president of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation, suffered from nervous prostra- 
tion, a result of overwork. Under his 
physician's advice he has found change 
of climate and relief by accepting a 
smaller but still vigorous congregation 
at Sioux Center, Iowa. 

Manchester, Pa., Aug. 17, '99. 
Dear Cynosure: 

As there were so many open doors in 
this section, I decided to work here in- 
stead of going East, as has been my cus- 
tom at this season. I have been speak- 
ing nearly every night, giving three ad- 
dresses on Sabbath for some time. Over 
sixty new subscriptions to the Cynosure 

September, 1899. 



have been secured since the 3d of this 

I enjoyed several days at the Radical 
United Brethren camp-meeting-, held in 
a magnificent grove near Kauffman, Pa. 
In the sermons preached at this place I 
pointed out several of the sins of our 
times. My condemnation of the lodge 
met the hearty approval of the Chris- 
tians present. Sister Mary B. Muller, a 
returned missionary from Africa, thrilled 
all with her account of the African secret 
societies. I have asked her to write an 
account of the initiation into the Purrow 
lodges of that dark land for Cynosure 
readers. Her escape from death at the 
hands of members of this society was al- 
most miraculous. 

The spirit of this camp was uplifting. 
There were some conversions and many 
were helped into a higher spiritual life. 
I was shown much kindness and given 
the utmost freedom in my work. 

I spent one Sabbath with Brother J. 
C. Coulson on the Orrstown circuit. A 
lecture Monday evening followed the 
preaching. It was thought many were 
helped there. Elder Longenecker, of 
the German Baptist Bretiiren Church, 
Palmyra, Pa., had worked up a good in- 
terest in the meetings held there. Many 
drove for long distances to attend. A 
driving rain diminished the attendance 
the first evening. There were probably 
twice as many present the second even- 
ing. I was more than ordinarily suc- 
cessful in securing Cynosure readers 
among this people. These friends are 
awake to the devices of Satan in the 
lodge line. Other places are open for 
lectures in that vicinity. 

Bro. Miller, the Liberal U. B. minis- 
ter at Letitz, Pa., took me to his appoint- 
ments last Sabbath. The turnout to the 
lecture Monday evening was small. 
Lodges have gone to seed in Letitz. 
Many of their devotees evidently thought 
I had come to torment them before their 
time. Good seed was sown. Bro. M. 
is faithfully letting his light shine on the 
lodge question. He has a hard road to 
travel. Mav the Lord bless him. 

Bro. Pease had my appointments ar- 
ranged here — Tuesday evening in the Un- 
ion Church, Manchester; last night in the 
U. B. Church, Strinestown; to-night at 
Starview. My theme was not announced 
at Manchester. The people evidently 

came expecting a flowery sermon from 
the great preacher from Washington. 
I here was a very amusing incident f 
had no sooner struck the lodge than a 
red-faced fellow toward the back of the 
church jumped up as though some one 
had hit him with a stone, and rushed out 
of the church muttering, and it was 
thought swearing. He peeped in at a 
side window the rest of the evening. 

The appointments mentioned in last 
month's report were carried out with lit- 
tle change. I spoke two evenings in 
Franklintown and gave no address in 
Dillsburg. Trustees there thought my 
lecture would not be popular. It may be 
more so some day. Reformers only have 
to wait. The two lectures which I gave 
in Carlisle made no little stir. Bro. Wag- 
ner, who so kindly arranged these meet- 
ings, is pressing the battle on. Some of 
the leading M. E. people there took the 
Cynosure. They could see the perni- 
cious effect of the lodge in their church. 
At Mechanicsburg the editor of the town 
paper said every man in the town with 
the exception of the deaf man was in the 
lodge. I held a meeting and proved that 
this was not true. He had evidently for- 
gotten that there were some, cripples. 
Two Cynosure subscriptions were plant- 
ed. We hope for brighter days for this 

It is time to begin to plan for the fall 
conventions. Shall we have another 
splendid convention in Ohio, and where? 
Suggestions are in order. We need an 
endowment to help push the cause. I 
have a plan for the Eastern district which 
I hope to give to Cynosure readers soon. 
If all will pray and work together there 
is no reason why there should not be 
marvelous results. 

There are thousands of men in the 
lodges like the Israelites in Egypt, look- 
ing for some Moses to help them out. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

®ttr iuestton 3tawa. 

If you do not sec what you want ask for it. 

Q. What are the principles of the 
Eastern Star? \\\ L. 

A. Bath of the above questions have 
been sent in by F. W. L., Perrysville, 
Pa., and in relation to question No. 2 we 



September, 1899. 

would say that the " Order of the Eastern 
Star" was manufactured a little over 
twenty years 'by Robt. McCoy, of New 
York, and Robt. Morris, of Kentucky. 
Strictly speaking, it has no principles be- 
yond putting the female relatives — the 
wives, mothers, sisters and daughters of 
Masons — in possession of certain signs 
by means of which they can make them- 
selves known to the members of regular 
lodges, thus enabling the latter to keep 
that part of the Master Mason's oath 
when they swear that they "will not have 
illicit carnal intercourse with a Master 
Mason's wife, mother, sister or daughter, 
knowing them to be such." It was also 
necessary to rope the female relatives of 
Masons into the whirlpool of secrecy, so 
that the husbands, brothers and fathers 
could have a good time at the lodge and 
no questions asked. It is also claimed 
that the Eastern Star puts the female 
relative of a Mason in possession of a 
talisman when away from home, by 
means of which she can demand that 
protection and relief from temporary em- 
barrassment, which she might not other- 
wise receive. The fact that the organi- 
zation of such a society became neces-. 
sary only proves that spontaneous man- 
liness is not expected from a Mason. 

Q. What are the principles of the 
"Elks?" Are they a religious or merely 
' a beneficial order or what ? 

F. W. Loewenstein. 

A. The order of Elks, taking the ani- 
mal elk as their hero-god, was organized 
a few years ago, as we understand it, as a 
sort of burlesque, more for fun, frivolity, 
and to have a good time, than for any- 
thing else. The order is confined exclu- 
sively to men connected with the thea- 
ters, and we doubt if they have any prin- 
ciples beyond keeping secret one an- 
other's lapses. 

As to the religious character of the 
order it may be explained by stating that 
not long since the Elks at Camden, N. 
Y., had a pet monkey named Judge in 
their lodge, which was found dead one 
morning, whereupon the whole lodge 
went into mourning. A handsome cof- 
fin, covered with white brocaded silk, with 
a plate-glass top and silver-mounted han- 
dles, was provided, wherein the dead 
monkey, dressed in a shroud of shim- 
mering white satin, was deposited and lay 

in state all day in the Elks' lodge. There 
was a religious service, says the New 
York World, after which the body was 
taken to the Jordan cemetery. Should 
they ever intend to change the name of 
their order we would suggest that they 
call themselves the Ancient, Sublime 
and Chivalrous Order of Chimpanzees,, 
alphabetically expressed as T. A., S. C. 
O. C. 

Q. What explanation, if any, can be 
given for the multiplication of secret so- 
cieties in our day? E. D. R. 

A. Several answers have been received 
to the above open question from The 
Cynosure of last July, which we give as 
follows : 

A. (i) Unfaithful pastors, yoked up in 
infidel lodges, are the greatest stumbling 
block to the advancement of Christ's 
kingdom, and the most potent factor in 
the advertising and multiplying of secret 

A. (2) Cowardly pastors outside of the 
lodge. Many are in the lodge to-day who 
would not be there if they had been 
warned. Dr. Payne takes the position 
that we should hold the pulpit responsi- 
ble just as much for its silence as for its 
utterances. "A public teacher who al- 
lows to pass unchallenged the wrong ex- 
ample of another is as much blame- 
worthy as if he himself set a wrong ex- 
ample." Hattie Eunice Powers. 

A. A young doctor asked me why I 
didn't unite with the Odd Fellows. My 
reply was: "What for?" "Oh," said he, 
"it will help your business." I said : "Is 
that the way you expect to make a suc- 
cess of your profession? It has always 
been my purpose to build up my busi- 
ness by merit, and my success in busi- 
ness has been because of the excellence 
of what I made and sold, so that every- 
body that I sold my wares to was bene- 
. fited." The doctor's answer to my ques- 
tion is a good answer to the inquiry for 
a reason for the increase of secret so- 
cieties. Men use the lodge as the lame 
use crutches — to help them to get on. 

E. S: Tripp. 

A. (2) Why there are lodges : A man 
was complaining of Adam's sin and its 
sad consequences of hard work. He was 
offered all his necessary wants supplied 
freely upon the condition that he would 
not look under an up-lifted plate on the 

September, 1899. 



table ; yet that man had no rest till he 
satisfied his curiosity as to what was un- 
der the plate. He lifted it and out came 
a mouse, and for this ridiculous, useless 
and harmful gift he lost the promised 
blessing. John O. Smith. 

A. (i) Since the lodges seem to world- 
ly men to give all that the churches do 
without imposing on them what they 
consider unpleasant duties and restric- 
tion, they naturally join that which is 
most congenial to their natures. He 
says that if the churches were more mani- 
festly a spiritual power, then worldly 
men would more readily be led to see the 
differences between a divine institution, 
filled with the Holy Spirit, and worldly 
organizations which are realized by their 
members to be filled with the spirit of 


§U# ant) €n&0» 

Why does a dog turn around twice be- 
fore laying down? He wants to satisfy 
himself in his own mind that one good 
turn deserves another. 

And should a lady seek their aid, 

Her plight would be most sad; 
To gain their favor she must come 

Hoodwinked, slipshod, half-clad. 
But this you see would never do, 

'Twould shock their modesty. 
A woman therefore cannot reap 

Masonic charity. 

Why cannot a deaf man be lawfully 
convicted? Because it is unlawful to 
convict any man without a hearing. 

"A tribe has not the right to confer 
the degrees upon a minister of the gospel 
free of charge." — Buckeye Trail. 

Has it the right to eat missionaries? 

Lancaster Chapter, O. E. S., of Lan- 
caster, Mo., is reported to have recently 
suspended fifty-four members. Such a 
shower of 'falling stars' should spread 
gloom over the entire order in that part 
of Missouri." — Masonic Chronicle. 

What ails the female brethren? Can- 
not they absorb the harmony of allegori- 
cal morality, and bind themselves to 
peace with the charm of the mystic tie?" 

i. Remember that I am thy wife, 

That thou must cherish all thy life. 

2. Thou shalt not stay out late at night, 

When lodges, friends or clubs invite. 

3. Thou shalt not smoke indoor or out, 

Or chew tobacco "round about." 

4. Thou shalt with praise receive my pies, 

Nor pastry made by me despise. 

5. My mother thou shalt strive to please, 
And let her live with us in ease. 

6. Thou shalt not be a drinking man. 

But live on prohibition plan. 

7. Thou shalt get up when baby cries r 

And try the child to tranquilize. 



"Oh, be quiet!" 


"Well, what is it?" 

"What did the Dead Sea die of?" 

The Cynosure is usually grave, but "a 
little nonsense now and then is relished 
by the best of men," and the following 
illustration of secret society rhetoric, 
taken out of the "Great Incohonee's 
Great Talk at a Red Men's Council," 
would make the gravest Sagamore smile : 

"And as we rest on the crest of a half cen- 
tury of labor, as a national organization in 
the cause of patriotism and humanity, we 
can retrospect the past with happy hearts, 
that our efforts have been fruitful of such 
beneficial results. For we have labored 
faithfully and zealously in the cause of our 
order, whose principles are as high and en- 
nobling as our northern peaks and glaciers, 
standing as God's silent sentinels watcnlng 
over our actions; for principles as active and 
as vigilant as the ever restless ocean, wash- 
ing and lashing our eastern shores; for prin- 
ciples as broad and as free as our fertile 
plains, blooming and blossoming as bright 
diadems in our western crown: for principles 
as pure and as life-giving as Hie zephyrs 
that come from the orange proves of the 



September, 1899. 

ifott^atra mtfc Morm- 


Among our exchanges of recent date 
which contain articles antagonistic to se- 
crecy we may mention The Mennonite, 
The Holiness Advocate, The Christian 
Conservator, American Citizen, Grand 
Ledge Independent, Leaves of Healing, 
Lutheran Standard, Inter-Ocean, The 
Covenanter Record, The Christian In- 
structor, Evangelical Messenger, Chris- 
tian Union Herald, Wesleyan Methodist, 
Free Methodist, Lutheran Witness, The 
Safeguard and Armory, and others. 

The Cynosure congratulates and wel- 
comes these publications as potential al- 
lies in this most needed reform of the day. 


The Christian Union Herald says: 
"The ninth annual convention of the 
Y. P. C. U. of Keokuk Presbytery, met 
in Burlington June 13 and 14. 

"Dr. Campbell's lecture was an able 
presentation of the evils of secretism: 1. 
It is unmanly; 2. Unfraternal; 3. Unpa- 
triotic; 4. Unchristian. He told us we are 
not alone in our opposition, being one of 
twenty different denominations having 
an article in their creed against secret- 
ism. Non-progressive objection an- 
swered by showing the church having 
the largest increase has an article against 
secret societies in her creed. 


The following is clipped from the Lu- 
theran Witness: 

"We have repeatedly reported instances 
where persons were dangerously, or even 
fatally, injured during lodge initiations. 
Now an exchange cites a number of new 
instances of like nature. Under the heading, 
"The Fifth Commandment and the Lodge," 
the paper in question says: "A dispatch 
from Milwaukee to a daily paper in Chi- 
cago reports: 'Joseph O. Herbert, formerly 
a well-to-do citizen of Grand Rapids, Wis., 
now lies in the St. Joseph Hospital of this 
city and will remain a cripple for the rest of 
his life in consequence of the rough treat- 

ment he received during the initiation cere- 
monies into a lodge. The physicians have 
made two operations, but they entertain no 
hopes of restoring the injured man.' Again, 
the New York Evening World of April 5 
reports the dangerous injuring of a citizen 
of Plainfield, N. J. The paper in question 
says: 'As soon as young Henry Yeager will 
be able to be out of bed, his father will sue 
the "Franklin Council of the Junior Order 
of the American Mechanics." Henry and 
several friends were admitted into the order 
and the consequence was a sprained arm and 
other injuries.' The Post Standard of Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., reports the death of a man named 
William M. Green, Solway, N. Y., in conse- 
quence of brutal treatment during the initia- 
tion ceremonies. It writes: 'Already since 
several clays he (Green) had not taken any 
food and his death was not unexpected. On 
April .4, says Coroner Weaver, Green was 
initiated into a lodge . of the 'Foresters of 
America' in Solway. He was shot into the 
right hip during this operation. After a few 
days lockjaw set in and he suffered terrible 
pains. Being unable to take any food, his 
strength soon left him, and yesterday he 
died.' " 

Extract from the Evangelical Messen- 
ger of July 26: 

The folly and wickedness of the "initia- 
tion ceremonies" in some secret societies 
have received frequent illustrations lately. 
The latest is from Jamestown. N. Y. A dis~ 
patch contains the following particulars: 
"Roy Terry lies in the city hospital in a pre- 
carious condition, the result of being initia- 
ted into Jamestown Tent No. 9, Knights of 
the Maccabees. Owing to the secrecy of the 
lodge initiations, it is difficult to describe the 
details. It appears that among the 'extras' 
given to ^candidates in this and other lodges 
is that of swinging him in mid-air. After 
pinioning his arms to the sides and blind- 
folding him, a heavy belt is strapped around 
him, in which a ring is attached at the back. 
Into this ring a hook is placed, and tackle 
attached to the ceiling of the lodge room 
suddenly jerks the candidate into space. He 
is whirled rapidly around for the amuse- 
ment of the spectators. In this case the 
hook in the ceiling gave waj r , and Mr. Terry 
fell from near the ceiling to the floor. He 
was unconscious for a short time. The 
blood spurted from his mouth and nose. He 
felt better the next morning and worked 
for several days. Feeling worse, he went 
to Drs. Phillips and Blanchard, who directed 
him to go to the hospital. He did so on 
Monday, and has been there ever since, 
steadily growing worse. The matter has 
been placed in the hands of an attorney, and 
an action for damages will be begun." 

Nearly Fifty-eight Years Old!!! 

It's a long life, but devotion to the true interests 
and prosperity of the American people has won for 
it new friends as the years rolled by and the origi- 
nal members of its family passed to their reward, 
and these admirers are loyal and steadfast to-day, 
with faith in its teachings, and confidence in the 
information which it brings to their homes and fire- 
sides. As a natural consequence, it enjoys in its 
old age all the vitality and vigor of its youth, 
strengthened and ripened by the experiences of 
over half a century. It has lived on its merits, and on the cordial support of pro- 
gressive Americans. 

It is "The New York Weekly Tribune," acknowledged the country over as a 
leading National Family Newspaper. 

Recognizing its value to those who desire all the news of the State and Nation, 
the publisher of THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE has entered into an alliance with 
"The New York Weekly Tribune" which enables him to furnish both papers at the 
trifling cost of $1.25 per year. 

Just think of it! Both ofthese papers for only $1.25 per year. 

Send all subscriptions to THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, Chicago, 111. 




V -I- -1- -1- -J- -i- -1- -L -ti «ii lit -h -+i -ii + k / 














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Single Copy 35 Cents, Postpaid. 

R. H. MEREDITH & CO., Publishers, 

318 Dearborn Street, CHICAGO, ILL. 












In selling S, B. Shaw's publica- 
tions. Nearly ONE-HALF MIL. 
LION sold in less than five years. 
No religious books sell faster or do 
more good. Agents are making 
from $20.00 to $30.00 per week. 

TOUCHING,., c ra 


A little girl, 13 years old, made SB7.50 in one day. A crip- 
pled boy made $40 in two weeks. One man made $12. 50 in 
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days. Another made $127 in fifteen days and other agents 
have had equal success. It makes little difference whether 
you have had experience as an agent or not. Fairly pre- 
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want them. 

"Touching Incidents and Remarkable Answers to Prayer" 

has been so widely advertised and has had such a multitude 
of readers, that the reading public already knows its worth. 

The Children's Edition (128 pages), is printed in German 
and English, and illustrated with 42 large cuts. It has had a 
sale of several hundred thousand copies. Price of Children's 
Edition, German and English, (board cover) 35c, and cloth, 
60c. Post paid. 

"God's Financial Plan" is a new book. The second edition 
of ten thousand copies is now ready. The first edition of 
twenty thousand copies was published two years ago. 

This book is having the largest sale 
of any hook of its kind in this country, 
and is endorsed in the strongest terms 
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us a few in the volume named above. The doctrine of the 
book is nothing more nor less than the doctrine of the Bible, 
illustrated in the history of men in this world, and enforced 
by it. Mr. Shaw's previous volume, 'Touching Incidents and 
Remarkable Answers to Prayer,' reached a sale of some 
250,000 copies. This book deserves as great a success. It is a 
capital antidote to the gross and popular commercialism of 

"Dying Testimonies of Saved and Unsaved" is also a new 
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We are already selling more "DYING TESTIMONIES" than 
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above described books 

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Write at once for terms to agents. 

S. B. SHAW, Publisher, 

Central Union Block, cor. Market and Madison Streets, CHICAGO, ILL 

Chief Justice of U. S. Supreme Court. 

In a leiter to Edward Everett, July 22, 1833, Chief 
Justice Marshall said: 

"The institution of Masonry ought to be abandoned 
as one capable of much evil and incapable ot pro- 
ducing any good which might not be effected by 
sale and open means." 



Biographers of Washington 161 

Washington's Letter . .162 

Washington's Opportunities. . . 162 

The Liberty Bell 163 

Business Value of Secret Society Insur- 
ance 163 

Fails of His Benefit 165 

Trades Union Insurance Bill 166 

Charity Has Its Limits 166 

May Die from Initiation 166 

Effect of Secrecy on Mind— James Mc- 
Cosh, D. D 167 

I Devilish Delusion 167" 

The State Endowment Fund 170 

Home and Lodge 173 

The New England Letter 176 

Seceders' Testimony. .178 

Pacific Coast News 180 

Short Editorials.. 181-185 

News of Our Work 186 

Question Drawer 188- 

Odds and Ends. .• 189 

Newspapers and Reform 190* 


"The National Christian 'Association; op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free- 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, Sioux 
Center, Iowa. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, W T heaton 5 111. 

General 'Secretary and Treasurer— William 
I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook_ 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F_ 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Salem, Ore.; Rev. 
William -Fen ton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 

"Jesns answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 






22/ West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffioe, Chicago, III., as second class 

To be regenerated is to begin to live. 

Faith knows how to bring Christ and 
the soul together. 

To be unwilling to be saved is to be 
willing to be lost. 

The Cross can be seen wherever there 
is a soul looking for it. 

We cannot know how we are to be 
saved unless we are willing to be saved. 

God's favorites are of the 
laughing stocks. — M. Henry. 


He feared man so little, because he 
feared God so much. — Inscribed on the 
monument of Lord Lawrence. 

There are only two things of which I 
am sure now. One is that I am a miser- 
able sinner, and the other that Jesus 
Christ is an all-sufficient Savior. — John 

Success and suffering are vitally and 
organically linked. If you succeed with- 
out suffering, it is because some one else 
has suffered before you ; if you suffer 
without succeeding, it is that some one 
else may succeed after you. — Judson. 

The importance of our articles on 
Washington's connection with Masonry 
are greatly enhanced at the present time 
because of the preparations being made 

by the Masons to celebrate the centenary 
of the death of Washington on December 
14 next. Invitations to prominent Ma- 
sons in all parts of the world are being 
sent out and the public press say: "It is 
believed that the event will be the most 
important the Masons in this country 
have been connected with for a number 
of years." It is fortunate that the legis- 
lature of Pennsylvania, through its Gov- 
ernor, Gen. Ritner, investigated this very 
matter and put its stamp of fraud and 
forgery on the Masonic claims that 
Washington was ever a Worshipful Mas- 
ter of any lodge, local, or State, or ever 
wrote the letters upon which Masons 


John Marshall. LL. D., Chief Justice 
of the United States Supreme Court, held 
two important cabinet positions and de- 
clined the attorney generalship. He was 
an early Secretary of War, who had seen 
active service as an officer in the revolu- 
tionary army. I lis life of the Com- 
mander-in-chief, in five volumes, was 
published within about five years after 
the General died. Washington's papers 
and correspondence passed under his ex- 

In 1833 he wrote: "The papers of 
General Washington were returned, 
many years past, to my lamented friend. 
his nephew, and are now, I believe, in the 
possession of Mr. Sparks. I do not rec- 
ollect ever to have heard him utter a 
syllable on the subject (Masonry). Such 
a document, however, not being of a 
character to make any impression at the 
time, may have passed my memory. "' 

Chief Justice Marshall repudiated 
words in praise of Masonry that had been 



October, 1899. 

falsely attributed to himself, and men- 
tioned that for nearly forty years he had 
been only once in a lodge. 

The Mr. Sparks to whom he referred 
was Jared Sparks, LL. D., author of va- 
rious biographical works, editor and pro- 
prietor of the North American Review, 
editor for the United States Government 
of the Diplomatic Correspondence of the 
American Revolution, Professor of His- 
tory in Harvard College, and later the 
college President. 

He issued before 1840, in twelve vol- 
umes, "The Writings of George Wash- 
ington, with a Life of the Author." He 
was tutor in Harvard College less than 
twenty years after Washington died. 

As Marshall said, Washington's cor- 
respondence was in Prof. Jared Sparks' 
hands, and he made a careful compari- 
son of Washington's letter of Sept. 25, 
1798, to Mr. Snyder, as published, with 
the recorded copy in Washington's Let- 
ter Book, in which his own correspon- 
dence was carefully preserved by the 
General at Mt. Vernon. After examina- 
tion, he certified that the letter was "ex- 
actly printed throughout." A reprint of 
this letter was given in the September 
number of The Cynosure. It is invalu- 
able as Washington's authenticated re- 
pudiation of allegations made in the in- 
terests of Freemasonry. 


Washington's letter to Rev. Mr. Sny- 
der, dated at Mt. Vernon Sept. 25, 1798, 
was copied in The Cynosure last month. 
It is also used in the little pamphlet con- 
taining Gov. Ritner's report sold by the 
National Christian Association under the 
title, "General Washington Opposed to 
Secret Societies." 

This letter ought to be noticed at a 
time when fresh renewals of old allega- 
tions respecting General Washington are 
to be expected in connection with the 
centennial of his decease. 

The genuineness of the letter was at- 
tested by the government editor of the 
diplomatic correspondence of the revolu- 
tion, who also edited the correspondence 
of General Washington and was one of 
his biographers. This was Jared Sparks, 
LL. D., author of other works, editor of 
the North American Review, about ten 

years professor history in Harvard Col- 
lege and afterwards its President. After 
careful comparison he certified to the 
genuineness and correctness of this let- 

It is a document of great importance, 
refuting in a word various allegations 
against the memory of General Wash- 
ington that have emanated from Masonic 
sources and been perpetuated by Ma- 
sonic reiteration. Before the Masonic 
December centennial it should be familiar 
to patriots desirous to preserve the honor 
of the father of his countrv. 


A Masonic eulogist of General Wash- 
ington averred that he cultivated Free- 
masonry "with sedulous attention" and 
never lost an "opportunity of advancing 
the interest or promoting the honor of 
the craft." 

A sweeping answer to this allegation is 
Washington's own written claim, made 
the year before he died, that for thirty 
years he had kept himself outside Ma- 
sonic lodges. It is obvious that during 
the period covering the Presidency of the 
republic, the revolution, the Presidency 
of the Continental Congress, and earlier 
times, Washington did voluntarily lose 
all opportunities afforded by lodge at- 
tendance. Greater neglect of opportuni- 
ties seems hardly possible. 

Yet in speaking of one of these periods 
— that which included the revolutionary 
war — the orator proceeded to say that 
Washington "found frequent opportuni- 
ties to visit the lodge," thus contraven- 
ing, in effect, the written words of the 
very hero he was eulogizing. 

Washington lost one opportunity 
when, on being asked by his aide-de- 
camp, Trumbull — son of the War Gover- 
nor and his first successor in office — if 
the General would advise his becoming 
a Mason, he declined to advise him, called 
Masonry mostly "child's play," and de- 
clared it nevertheless capable of being 
used for the "worst of purposes." 

That, surely, was losing an "opportun- 
ity of advancing the interest or promo- 
ting the honor of the craft." 

Washington's relations with John 
Marshall, who had, like himself, received 
an early initiation, but who absented him- 

October, 1899. 



self from lodges nearly forty years 
would seem to have made some oppor- 
tunity possible. 

Yet Chief Justice Marshall certified in 
writing that he did "not recollect ever to 
have heard him utter a syllable on the 
subject." This seems even more striking 
because the period named by Marshall 
does not include much of that named by 
Washington, beginning a little before the 
latter ended. This makes it seem the 
more apparent that Washington neg- 
lected more than one opportunity afford- 
ed by his relations with John Marshall. 

These are among the evidences that 
Washington neither sought nor used op- 
portunities to promote the institution, 
which, having tested, he permanently 


Independence Bell, or "The Liberty 
Bell," as it is commonly called from its 
Revolutionary associations, has endured 
for nearly one hundred and fifty years, 
although several times sent on patriotic 
journeys, the only injury it ever experi- 
enced being when it was cracked while 
hanging in its accustomed place in the 
steeple, and being tolled on July 8, 1835, 
as a mark of respect to the memory of 
John Marshall of Virginia, the Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States, then lying dead 
in Philadelphia. If it was to become 
mute forever it was not an unfit occasion 
for it to become so 1 when the Chief Jus- 
tice — the expounder of the Constitution, 
the comrade of Washington, and the last 
of his intimate public friends — lay dead 
in the shadow of the steeple where it was 
hanging. — From an opinion by Presi- 
dent Judge M. Russell Thayer, reported 
in the Philadelphia Public Ledger. 


It is desired to discuss secret society 
life insurance merely as a business, and to 
consider its comparative value. Without 
reference to initiations or anything pecu- 
liar to secret orders, the question at issue 
is how the insurance patronized and con- 
ducted by secret society men compares 
with other life insurance. The first an- 

swer is, that it ranks with other insur- 
ance offered on the assessment plan by 
insurance associations that are not secret. 
Secrecy has little effect on it either way. 
The second answer is, that it is not a 
very good kind. It lacks advantages and 
safeguards that insurance needs and 
often has. Hardly any special- claim is 
made for it except that it is cheap, and 
this is supported or supplemented by the 
assertion that it provides insurance at 

If this means without expense of man- 
agement, it is not true. The percentages 
of expenses in old line companies are 
published and are well known to run low, 
while assessment insurance also costs a 
percentage of expense. If it means with- 
out building any reserve, it is a confes- 
sion of weakness as to security and re- 
sources, and of lack of product from 

If it means that it is at cost because 
mutual, then inasmuch as most of the 
prominent old line companies are equally 
mutual, it is equivalent to saying that be- 
cause it is mutual insurance it is cheaper 
than mutual insurance. 

Whatever is meant,- the real attempt 
seems to be to carry the insurance at a 
cost required by the death rate of the 
first year or the first few years of the 
company's existence. This is attempting 
to do what is impossible and what is 
never accomplished. Suppose the aver- 
age age of those who join the first year 
to be 30. Those who join the next year 
are liable to average about the same age, 
and those who join continually are also 
liable to average not very different from 
the first patrons. But the whole mass is 
growing older every year and the aver- 
age line of age is rising. 

To offset this, the age of new members 
should be younger, but in some societies 
none are eligible under 21, and there also 
seems to be no sure reason why the av- 
erage age of new members will more of- 
ten be lower than higher or usually much 
different. It is certain, however, that 
the whole body of membership will be 
older every year. This increases the 
death rate slowly, and increase of death 
rate of course increases payment or cost. 

Now it is obvious, that, if a company 
furnished insurance at cost when the 
death rate was that of a body of men av- 



October, 1899. 

eraging 30 years of age, it cannot furnish 
insurance at the same cost when the 
death rate has become that of the same 
body of men now averaging 35 years of 

The Royal Arcanum grew from 29,535 
members in 188 1 to about 70,000 to 1887, 
but the members who joined in 1881 were 
six years older in 1887; those who joined 
in 1 882, five years older, and so on. Mean- 
while, their average age in joining can- 
not have been enough younger to offset 
the steady work of time, for the death 
rate followed the progress of age up 
from 6.4 per 1,000 members to 8.8 per 

A Masonic association at Elmira, N. 
Y., had a death rate of 9.9 in each thous- 
and members, or practically one in each 
hundred in 1869. In the first ten years 
its membership increased almost 800 per 
cent; yet, meanwhile, all grew older, the 
death rate grew larger, and in 1879 was 
16.5. In 1887, it was 27 in each 1,000 
against 4.3 in each thousand in 1870. The 
membership was never so large after 
1879, an d in 1887 had dwindled until it 
had reversed all the growth, back, at least 
as far as the 5th of the 19 years of the 
society's existence. ' 

This is the case of a society so success- 
ful in gaining 1 new blood that it increased 
its membership nearly 800 per cent in 10 
years. It illustrates that ordinary history 
of the rising age line, which is followed 
by increasing cost, and consequent with- 
drawal of membership that finally runs 
the business down. 

The Knights of Honor formed a lead- 
ing secret insurance society. In less than 
10 years it increased its membership 
1,400 per cent. But unfortunately it ad- 
mitted those, who, every year, grew one 
year older. From increase of age, in- 
crease of death rate was inseparable. The 
result was that in spite of a growth of 
1,400 per cent the cost increased 100 per 
cent. Then the usual decrease of mem- 
bership came, and two years later, in 
1886, the cost was 140 per cent more 
than only 10 years earlier in 1876. Insur- 
ance at the cost of 1877 when the death 
rate was only 5.4, was impossible in 1886 
when there were 12 deaths in every thou- 
sand members to be paid for. 

Tf this were not the usual history of 
such societies, these stories would not be 

worth telling ; but since they are ordinary 
cases, and each is that of a society which 
prospered in the way of gaining mem- 
bers, they furnish a clear illustration of 
the futility of trying to stop the wheels 
of Time or evade the results of arithmetic. 
The disappearance of this form of busi- 
ness from the insurance field is impres- 
sive. It is doubted whether half a dozen 
survive in one state, which has, among 
the survivors, an Odd Fellow society 
said to be paying just now about $600 on 
death claims under its $2,000 certificate. 
This is one of the ways of continuing to 
insure at the new cost. Another is, to 
and another still, to increase the 
number of assessments, as one se- 
cret society has done by advanc- 
ing from 4 to 21 assessments per annum. 
This implies more than five times the 
first cost. 

Secret society insurance is a quicksand 
in which its victims are slowly sinking. It 
is fortunate that its territory is decreas- 
ing, with that of kindred hopeless ex- 

It may fairly be asked whether the 
membership of old line mutual compa- 
nies is not subject to the same increase 
of average age and consequent death 
rate. Certainly it is; but one of the chief 
differences of old line insurance is, that, 
instead of ignoring such facts, it provides 
for them. As a result, the failure of old 
line companies is practically unknown. 
While assessment societies are born to 
die, ordinary mutual insurance companies 
are among the most substantial financial 
institutions known in the business world. 

Corresponding to the comparative un- 
certainty inhering in the assessment so- 
cieties themselves, are some on the side 
of their patrons. In these secret insur- 
ance societies the insured have no policy 
contract, but only a certificate furnished 
when they join the society. Instead of 
stating, like a policy, the definite death 
benefit that must be paid, it mentions a 
sum, larger than which the death claim 
shall not be. This leaves the actual 
amount of the insurance uncertain. The 
$600 Odd Fellow death benefit under a 
$2,000 certificate is an illustration. Pay- 
ment could not exceed $2,000, but might 
be whatever could be raised inside that 

A similar uncertainty attaches to as- 

October, 1899. 



sessments — the amount to be paid by each 
member. An old line premium is definitely 
named and cannot increase, but assess- 
ments have no amount named except one 
below which they cannot shrink. They 
may increase in amount or multiply in 
number, and the only purely business 
check is the danger of stampeding- the 

There is, therefore, not only a reason- 
able uncertainty whether theinsurance so- 
ciety will survive the insured to help his 
beneficiary, but also an uncertainty all 
the way about the amount to be paid in, 
and at the end about the sum to be drawn 
out. This uncertainty is peculiar to as- 
sessment insurance and impossible in old 
line. A patron of old line insurance can 
always tell what is the most it can cost 
up to any given future time, and what at 
that time is the least it can return. This 
can never be done by a member of an as- 
sessment association, for at the best he 
can only guess what is probable, yet nev- 
er know what is certain. 

Such insurance is deficient in various 
modern advantages now available else- 
where to the insured. Secret societies, if 
ancient in nothing else, would surely be 
so in perpetrating the old-fashioned, ef- 
fete and abandoned "Die to Win" 
method. Peril of forfeiture hangs over 
the member's head. If old age disables 
him, sickness lays him aside, or hard 
times throw him out of work, and in con- 
sequence he is unable to pay, he becomes 
completely uninsured. He is in the same 
condition as if he had never joined. He 
may have paid faithfully 20 years, yet 
lost all insurance within a year of his 
death. This is a cruel feature of the 
scheme, and is peculiar to it. Certificates 
are forfeited, but policies, like savings 
bank books, are not forfeitable. 

There is a startling lack of what might 
be called minor or special advantages, 
which, when the claim for cheapness is 
made, suggests the retort that goods so 
cheap in quality ou^ht to be cheap in 
price. Possibly the best way to show this 
is by contrast. Among things open to 
those who take old line policies are va- 
rious changes in the form of insurance 
such as may be desirable as circumstan- 
ces ehange. Settlements can be made if 
the patron finds it inconvenient or impos- 
sible to continue paying; or if temporary 

illness or lack of work comes when a pay- 
irient is due, adjustments of various kinds 
are possible to preserve the insurance. 
Payments already made are recognized. 
The policy contracts no more clearly for 
death payments than for others if called 
for. Payment of premiums can stop and 
still so much insurance as is already paid 
for be left in force. Or a cash settlement 
can be made on terms specified in the pol- 
icy. % In some cases money can be hired 
of the company, the policy being a secu- 
rity, to pay premiums or meet outside 
emergencies ; dividends can be applied to 
reduce premiums instead of increase 
death claims; or accumulated dividends 
can be drawn on to pay the whole pre- 
mium in hard times. These are some of 
the subsidary advantages tributary to the 
cardinal one of safety. In such advant- 
ages the kind of insurance in question is 

Conceding as much as possible to such 
schemes we are yet reminded by them 
that "The good is a great enemy of the 
best." So, also, is the bad. 

It may be said on the whole, of secret 
society insurance, that it is old-fashioned 
and far from up to date ; that it is meagre 
and jejune in its provisions; and that, be- 
sides all this, it involves risks and chances 
of more than one kind, which, at the 
present time, it is needless to incur; while 
in the light of facts and figures, as well 
as that of experience and practical dem- 
onstration, its single claim of cheapness 
is subject to heavy discount. 


The ease of Michael J. McNally vs. court 
Thomas E. Cunningham, F. of A., appears to 
be as far from a settlement now as it was one 
year ago. 

McNally believed his appeal from the ruling 
of J. F. G. C. R., John W. Slattery, was sus- 
tained by the executive council. May 3, and 
again by the grand court in convention at 
Boston, May 18, after being investigated by 
the Committee on appeals and grievances. 
At the meeting of court Thomas E. Cunning- 
ham in Foresters' Hall, 109 Front street, last 
night, he presented his bill for sick allowance. 
amounting to $110. 

No further contention against paying the 
bill was looked for. but. Thomas E. Dean, 
chief ranger of the court, ruled the bill out 
ot order and illegal. 



October, 1899. 

It appears that Chief Ranger Dean as chair- 
man of the committee of the court which 
handled tne court's side of the case, intends 
to fight the case through every tribunal of 
the order. The next appeal must go to Depu- 
ty Supreme Chief Ranger Samuel B. Morris 
of Fall River, thereafter to Supreme Chief 
Ranger Shaw of New York, and lastly to the 
supreme court in convention, which meets 
but once in two years, and meets next at De- 
troit in August. 

McNally has fought the case through every 
Forestic tribunal in Massachusetts, and has 
been without benefits for over a year, and 
says he does not propose to wait until the 
case can be taken through the several stages 
of the supreme body. 

Unless he changes his mind before 9 o'clock 
this morning he will, through his counsel, 
Philip J. O'Connell, have the funds and prop- 
erty of the court tied up by an attachment, 
and endeavor to collect his sick benefits 
through process of civil law. 

There must be some mistake about the 
above item, cut from the Worcester 
(Mass.) Telegram of Friday, June 2, 1899. 
Of course Brother McNally has been 
through the mysterious initiatory cere- 
monies of the secret order in question, 
and has thus been made benevolent, 
charitable, just, noble and every way 
moral. Brother Slattery appreciates this, 
and all the more because he shares the 
same mysterious reformation. The same 
is necessarily true of all the brethren in 
the lodge. Chief Ranger Dean must be a 
worthy brother to hold his office, and the 
Telegram has doubtless been misinform- 
ed about his supposed action. As to the 
pair of Supreme Chief Rangers; if by 
any remote possibility the case comes be- 
fore them the result admits of no ques- 
tion. That this worthy brother should be 
capable of tying up lodge property and 
bundling it into a civil court, or that the 
worthy brethren bound to him by the 
mystic tie could do anything to make this 
necessary, is incredible. Somebody must 
have hoaxed the Telegram. 


(Special to the Times-Herald.) 

Boston, June 1. — The labor men won a great 

victory in the Legislature to-day, when the 

so-called trades union insurance bill was 

passed over the Governor's veto. The provi- 

sions of the bill exempt all regularly organ- 
ized trades unions in the State from the oper- 
ations of the State insurance laws, life, acci- 
dent and fire, and permit the organization of 
benefit societies and other forms of insur- 
ance in accordance with the ideas of the 
trades unionists, without any interference of 
any kind by the State insurance department. 

The bill is a very sweeping one and so wide 
in its exemption that the trades unionists 
themselves did not believe it possible to se- 
cure its passage when it was introduced. It 
was passed, however, by both branches and 
went to Governor Woleott about ten days 
ago. He returned it without his approval, 
saying he doubted the expediency of granting 
such complete exemption to any body of men 
and suggesting that some form of State con- 
trol be incorporated in the bill. 

Several of the trades unions will at once 
begin the business of insuring their members, 
and the regular insurance companies will un- 
doubtedly lose considerable business. 

This is a very strange thing to happen 
in Massachusetts, where insurance laws 
are of the best type and insurance super- 
vision has been mqst reliable. The Bay 
State has guarded the interests of the in- 
sured, and made its territory starvation 
ground for vampires. Yet the trade un- 
ion in politics can disarrange one of the 
important and well-managed interests of 
the people. At least this seems to be the 
natural interpretation. In enacting such 
a law Massachusetts takes a long step 


So says an Odd Fellow organ which 
holds up as a warning the case of a se- 
cret society member who died with un- 
paid dues. "He was accepted, passed 
the various grades, and became a mem- 
ber." So far, so good. "No payments 
having been made he was dropped from 
membership." When he died "his fam- 
ily, consisting of a wife and three chil- 
dren, were left to subsist upon the scant 
earnings of a weakly woman, and the 
precarious assistance of the 'poor fund/ 
and what sympathizing neighbors and 
others might give them, and poor, in- 
deed, was the subsistence upon which 
they existed." "Effort was made to get 
the children into the home of the order, 
but the home was only for children of 
such members as were in 'good standing' 
when they died. No stretch of the laws 

October, 1890. 



could be made to admit them, and they 
are living' in an uncertain manner.'' 

The moral is obvious : Keep the fires 
of "fraternity" warm by feeding them the 
fuel of constant dues. 


Jamestown, N. Y., July 16, 1899. — Roy 
Terry lies in the city hospital in a preca- 
rious condition, the result of being ini- 
tiated into Jamestown tent 9, Knights of 
the Maccabees. 

It appears that among the "extras" 
given to candidates in this and other 
lodges is that of swinging him in mid- 
air. After pinioning his arms to the sides 
and blindfolding him, a heavy belt is 
strapped around him in which a ring is 
attached at the back. Into this ring a 
hook is placed and tackle attached to the 
ceiling of the lodge room suddenly jerks 
the candidate into space. He is whirled 
rapidly around for the amusement of the 

In this case the hook in the ceiling 
gave way and Mr. Terry fell from near 
the ceiling to the floor. He was uncon- 
scious for a short time. The blood spurt- 
ed from his mouth and nose. He felt 
better the next morning and worked for 
several days, but then began to weaken. 

The matter has been placed in the 
hands of an attorney, and an action for 
damages will be begun. — Worcester 
(Mass.) Telegram. 

It is to be hoped that the legal action 
will succeed, yet the candidate for any 
blindfold initiation assumes the risks, and 
the guilty parties may find a technical 
loophole to escape. More than one de- 
gree of secret initiation involves risk for 
some men. The third degree of Free- 
masonry has proved fatal several times, 
and the Royal Arch, or seventh degree, 
has a suspension not exactly like that de- 
scribed above, which has also proved fa- 
tal. Such degradation of the body is im- 
possible to him who keeps out of these 
"unfruitful works of darkness." 

"William R. Bowcn. the 'father of Ma- 
sonry' in Nebraska, probably the best known 
member of the Masonic bodies in the West. 
took his own life by shooting himself at his 
home May 0. For twenty-six years he had 
been Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge 

of Masons in Nebraska, and as such had 
come in contact with most of the members of 
the order in the State. The cause assigned 
for his action is financial trouble. Mr. 
Bowen owned considerable property in 
Washington County, which Avas heavily in- 
cumbered, and this obligation worried him. 
Recently he surrendered some life insurance 
which he had been carrying, because he was 
compelled to use the premium money to meet 
payments on his property. This depressed 
him. Mr. Bowen was also State Secretary 
of the Scottish Rite and an officer of the 
Masonic Veteran Association. For twenty- 
live years his business had been exclusively 
the taking care of Masonic business."— 
American Tyler. 

This is a sorrowful case, of which we 
would not speak otherwise than tenderly, 
even when we confess that the question 
naturally arises, How much can ordinary 
Masons depend on Masonry, when 
the best known Mason in the West, who 
for a quarter of a century had confined 
himself to taking care of Masonic busi- 
ness, is obliged to sacrifice insurance, 
and is worried into the grave of a suicide? 


"Ascension day was celebrated by the 
two commanderies of Knights Templars 
in New Orleans with considerable eclat, 
social indulgences being most pleasantly 
combined with ritualistic pomp." Be- 
tween church displays, "feasting and 
speech-making," caused "the hours to 
pass all too rapidly." 

"Headed by a brass band," the 
Knights again went to church, attract- 
ing "much attention" on the way. "The 
church was packed to the door, the beau- 
tiful appearance of the altar eliciting 
much comment." 

"The Knights sat in the front pews, 
standing with elevated swords during the 
reading of the gospel." The congrega- 
tion was "much impressed by the bright 
and impressive sight of military trap- 
pings and drawn swords in church." 1 1* 
any one is edified and wants more we re- 
fer him to the American Tyler of June 
15. 1899. 

Men who try to hide from the Lord 
Jesus Christ behind screened windows 
and tyled doors show greater folly than 
Adam and Eve with their fig leaf aprons. 



October, 1899. 

JAMES M'COSH, D. I>., T,L. D. 


James McCosh, D. D., LL. D., distin- 
guished theologian and teacher in Great 
Britain, and later in the United States 
President of Princeton University, in his 
work, "Psychology ; the Motive Pow- 
ers,'' page 214, says: 

"I have noticed that those who have 
been trained in secret societies, collegiate 
or political, and in trades unions, like 
priests, Jesuits, thugs and Molly Mc- 
Guires, have their sense of right and 
wrong so perverted that in the interests 
of the body with which they have identi- 
fied themselves they will commit the 
most atrocious crimes, not only without 
compunction, but with an approving- 
heart and with the plaudits of their asso- 



For more than a quarter of a century 
I have been a cursory reader — not al- 
ways a close student — of Masonic and 
anti-Masonic literature, -Until a few 
days since, when Secretary Phillips ar- 

rested my attention, this marvelous ex- 
tract from Albert Pike's voluminous 
writings had quite escaped my notice. As 
a specimen of wanton, brazen effrontery 
this passage is worthy of preservation. 
Let the tripod trundle-bed, consequential 
Mason who, lynx-eyed, delights to tell us 
we have been deluded by false revela- 
tions, give ear; it seems they have them- 
selves been purposely fooled and inten- 
tionally misled, and that, too, by those at 
whose dictum they offer ignorant hom- 

Stand up, tyros, you who have given 
your time and your money for your kin- 
dergarten experience in Masonry and 
take your medicine like humiliated men. 
Remember, this is not a quotation from 
"Mother Goose,"' "Peter Pindar," or 
"Sinbad, the Sailor," but from a man 
who speaks with authority — to whose ut- 
terances every Mason from Maine to 
California, from the lakes to the gulf, re- 
sponds. "So mote it be." Mr. Pike 

The Blue Degrees are but the outer court or 
portico of the Temple. Part of the symbols 
are there displayed to the Initiate, but he is 
intentionally misled by false interpretations. 
It is not intended that he shall understand 
them; but it is intended that he shall im- 
agine that he understands them. Their true 
explication is reserved for the Adepts, the 
Princes of Masonry. The whole body of the 
Royal and Sacerdotal Art was hidden so 
carefully, centuries since, in the High De- 
grees, as that it is even yet impossible to 
solve many of the enigmas wnlch they con- 
tain. It is well enough for the mass of those 
called Masons to imagine that all is contained 
in the Blue Degrees; and who so attempts to 
undeceive them will labor in vain, and with- 
out any true reward violate his obligation as 
an Adept. Masonry is the veritable Sphinx, 
buried to the head in the sands heaped round 
it by the ages. — From page 819, "Morals and 
Dogma of Free Masonry," by Albert Pike, 
of the Supreme Council of the Thirty-third 

(Published by the Masonic Publishing Com- 
pany, 626 Broadway, New York. Edition of 

Surely this is a rare piece of Anglo- 
Saxon that grows on you as you study it. 
Upon a hasty perusal few will compass the 
stinging insult it offers the Apprentice, 
Fellow-craft and Master Mason. Let me 
implore the initiate that, if necessary, he 
first consult an encyclopedia to deter- 
mine for himself who and what this au- 

October, 1899. 



thor is to Masonry, and then get down 
■his Kirkham, his Smith, Brown, Clark, 
Wells, Bullion or other grammar, and 
with the aid of a Webster's Unabridged, 
closely analyze the etymological signifi- 
cance of such sentences as: "The initiate 
is intentionally misled by false interpre- 
tations." "It is not intended that he 
should understand them; but it is intend- 
ed that he shall imagine he understands 
them." How do you like it, my brother, 
as far as you have gone? As you halt at 
the third flight and lift your adoring 
«yes to the dazzling height of thirty addi- 
tional stories from whence emanates this 
official manifesto, are you inclined to as- 
cend, or will you assert your manhood 
and resent such indignity? 

For years the Cynosure and our agents 
and lecturers from a thousand rostrums 
have warned you that you were being 
misled and deceived; will you now be- 
lieve your own witness when he declares 
you have been systematically, continu- 
ously and intentionally fooled? The col- 
umns of this paper remain open for your 

As the immortal Lincoln would have 
said: "This reminds me of a story." Some 
years since, in the Hoosier State, legal 
action was brought against the proprie- 
tor of a nostrum for its negative if not 
positively injurious effects. One of his 
panaceas was advertised under the — not 
altogether poetic — name of "High-cock- 
a-lorum," the other as "Low-cock-a hi- 
ram." The indictment charged that 
these two curealls w r ere made from ex- 
actly the same formula, and produced the 
same results, though sold for different 
purposes. The medical defendant testi- 
fied to the peculiar properties of the 
American poplar, which was the sole in- 
gredient of his catholicons. The court, 
with its legal lore, was to be entrusted 
with the secret and made the custodian of 
this wonderful medical discovery. In 
whispered accents and modulated ca- 
dences, the great jurist was informed 
that the bark of the poplar, peeled from 
the top to the bottom, was a cathartic, 
but peeled from the bottom upward it 
was an emetic, and that this should ena- 
ble the people to differentiate between his 
[ High-cock-a-lorum" and "Low-cock-a- 

contents himself with ascending only 
three flights of the temple, will be simply 
devilishly deluded, but should he go 
higher he will be satanically swindled 
from the ground floor up. 

torn ©itr UtotL 

Thomson, Carroll County, 111., 
July 27, 1899. 
My Dear Brother Phillips: 

Yes, I read all The Cynosure, and en- 
joy it. Many of The Cynosure readers 
have joined the ranks of the glorious 
dead since I first knew their names in the 
earliest issues of its pages. To my recol- 
lection they come trooping back and re- 
people the halls of the past, gallant and 
grand as they were when in the flesh they 
walked the earth like steel-jointed giants. 
Though my own "strength is renewed 
like the eagle's," I know that soon I, too, 
shall drop away from life's little duties 
to that better day of which God in mercy 
gives me here such a blessed foretaste. 

Yours in bonds of the best of brother- 
hoods, L. N. Stratton. 

In reply to Brother John Stahl on the 
change of The Cynosure to a monthly, 
he is O. K. from his standpoint. The 
trouble is our secret friends are hard of 
hearing. They did not seem to hear the 
weeklies. It is hopeful that by having a 
larger gun, with hot shot and shell, we 
can reach them. We must needs have 
much patience. Load heavy, aim high, 
and fire fast, being of good cheer, know- 
ing surely victory is ours. Truly, 

Rufus Smith, 
Spadra, Cal. 


1 A 

'Hie fabula docet." The initiate who 

Bro. B. E. Antrobus writes from Rock- 
bridge, 111.: 

Dr. J. J. Porter, pastor of the First 
Baptist Church, Jerseyville, III, in a 
Baptist Young People's Union the other 
day stood up and boasted of his seven 
lodge connections and compared the 
anti-secret move to a "bob-tailed rat 
harnessed to a shingle." I rose and 
asked for one minute to reply. There 
was about two minutes spent in quib- 
bling before it was decided to allow me 
to speak. After the meeting he and the 



October, 1899. 

pastor of the First Baptist Church, Kan- 
sas City, Kan., followed me to my board- 
ing place and endeavored for two hours 
to bolster up the lodge business. 


I am glad that at last I have something 
definite about my new book for The Cy- 
nosure readers. It is now in the hands 
of the publishers, and the publication 
will be pushed as rapidly as possible. It 
is to be bound in cloth, profusely illus- 
trated, will contain a| least 350 pages and 
will be a complete discussion of popery, 
Masonry and other such evils. 

Thanking the friends who have already 
sent in advanced subscription, I assure 
them that my new book will in all re- 
spects be worthy of their patience and 
confidence. It will in all probability be in 
the hands of readers by Dec. 21 at fur- 
thest. E. Ronayne. 


North wood, Iowa, Aug. 22, 1899. 

Editor Cynosure: "An ounce of pre- 
vention is better than a pound of cure" is 
an old saying applicable to the secret so- 
ciety evil. Ever since Rev. Wm. Fenton 
started the ball rolling against secretism 
in Worth County, Iowa, I have had spe- 
cial meetings every year in all my con- 
gregations, treating on some question in 
relation to secret societies. I have just 
now completed a round in my congre- 
gations. I have had outdoor meetings 
and they have all been well attended. At 
the meeting last Sunday several "Wood- 
men" were present, but all was quiet as 
the grave. I told them all about how 
their ritual had come out; how some had 
tried to deny the reprint, but were caught 
in the act of lying; their own organ, the 
Modern Woodman, admitted that a pi- 
ratical publication was out. 

I believe it is necessary in these times 
for every minister who has the welfare of 
his congregation in view to have at least 
one meeting every year set aside for this 
question. I think every pastor ought to 
be posted so that he can lecture on the 
subject of secret societies. He ought to 
be so well prepared that he can meet any 
member of seciet societies either in a pri- 

vate or public debate. These people are 
not very courageous, when challenged 
by a man who is tolerably posted. 

If a minister has not had the oppor- 
tunity to prepare himself to meet the se- 
cret societies, he ought to get men who 
can present this subject to his people and 
warn them against the evils of secretism. 
It is 'comparatively easy to keep young 
men from joining the lodge, but to get 
them out again after the lodge has roped 
them in is a difficult thing. Experience 
teaches us that a comparatively few can 
be extricated from the network of secret 

The secret societies are working hard 
to get members, consequently the con- 
gregations must work correspondingly 
hard to prevent them from entering the 
ranks of the congregations. I know 
from personal observance that such work 
will bear fruit. I have many young men 
working in positions where the tempta- 
tion to join secret societies is great, and 
in many cases much pressure has been 
resorted to, but they would never for a 
moment think of joining a secret society. 

It is necessary to take hold of the 
young people and teach them to be on 
the lookout for secretism. We ought to 
teach not only the boys, but also the 
girls. I know of girls who have kept 
young men out of the lodge. Work is 
necessary. Hard, patient and enduring 
work. If these lines could encourage 
some one ter take hold and work the ob- 
ject of these words would haVe been at- 
tained. O. T. Lee. 


The annual conclave of the Grand 
Commandery of the Knights Templar of 
California has just been held in Sacra- 
mento (April 25, 1899), as y° u wil1 see fry 

the enclosed newspaper, and O, what a 
saturnalia it was. The city was profuse- 
ly decorated, and the most elaborate dec- 
orations were upon the saloons and 
houses of ill-fame, the latter of which oc- 
cupy four solid blocks in the very heart 
of the business portion of the city. The 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company 
maintains a bar-room at the Sacramento 
depot, as it does at most other stations oh 
its lines, and the visiting knights were in- 

October, 1899. 



formed by conspicuous banners and 
streamers of the location of the rum hole 
as soon as they alighted from the trains. 
At their headquarters at the Golden 
Eagle hotel, up-town, the barroom was 
crowded day and night with poker and 
other gambling games in full blast every 
minute during the same period. 

At the "grand competitive drill" at the 
State pavilion in the Capitol Park on Sat- 
urday night, whisky was freely dispensed 
in the room of the superintendent, and 
many of the noble Knights became so be- 
fuddled as to incapacitate them from tak- 
ing part in the exercises, for which they 
had been in training for months. The 
whole occasion of the conclave was truly 
a heart-sickening affair to every decent- 
•minded citizen.. 

Rev. F. W. Richardson. 

Sacramento, Cal. 


The question is frequently asked, Why 
are there so few men engaged in reform 
work when the need is so great? We 
may reply it is not for lack of competent 
men, but means. I have in mind several 
who are qualified and would be willing to 
enter the anti-secrecy work were there 
means at hand for their support. I be- 
lieve one reason why we have not larger 
means is because we have not a plan of 
co-operation in all the States through 
which all can help. The National Chris- 
tian Association now offers such a plan. 
It is the State Endowment plan. A per- 
manent fund is to be created in each 
State and district, the interest alone to be 
used in prosecuting the work. 

There are friends in each of the States, 
in my district, who annually respond in 
contributing to meet the expense of con- 
ventions, etc., but to secure these contri- 
butions I must write many letters, send 
circulars, and perhaps make a personal 
solicitation. Now, if these friends will 
all join and give notes or cash to the 
treasurer of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation, and thus provide for their con- 
tinuance of the work now and also after 
they are gone, we may soon have a live 
man in each State, and the work moving 
forward as it should be. 

This Is What Is Asked. 

If, after careful and prayerful consider- 
ation you think God would have you 
give $25 per year to this cause, make a 
note for $500 payable in ten, fifteen, 
twenty or such number of years as you 
may elect, with interest at 5 per cent per 
annum, blanks for which will be furnish- 
ed by General Secretary Phillips, or 
myself. If the annual contribution is to 
be $5, the note or agreement should be 
for $100, and so on. 

It will be mutually understood that 
these notes or agreements may be paid or 
renewed at any time during the lifetime 
of the donor. The interest, being all that 
can be used, is all that is wanted. The 
principal can be realized from the estate 
after the decease, unless the donor thinks 
wise to pay during life. We should have 
a fund of at least $10,000 in the Eastern 
district. This district comprises the 
States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York 
and States south. The work will be sup- 
plied in each State according to its con- 

The Advantages. 

The g'ain to the cause through such 
funds will at once be apparent. Instead 
of the agent having to hold his hat and 
writing and running after money to keep 
the work going, he can devote his entire 
energy to bringing the truth to the peo- 
ple. When a convention is to be held 
he need not first see what can be raised 
to hire a hall, and pay the expense of the 
leading speakers from a distance; the 
money will be at hand. It is understood 
that the interest paid is to be the annual 
contribution of the donor to the cause, 
and that no further contribution is to be 
asked from him by the agent. 

Fotne Are Not (lifted in Canvassing. 

It is well known that a part of the 
agent's salary is secured as he secures 
subscriptions to the Christian Cynosure. 
( )nly those who have some ability in this 
line have been sustained in the field. 
There are those who excel in the lecture 
field who have no gifts in this line of se- 
curing Cynosure subscriptions. The en- 
dowment will enable the association to 
employ such men. 

This Fund Is to He Raised. 

Some have already indicated a willing- 
ness to help in this, others arc thinking 
of it. 



October, 1899. 

Reader, what will you do to help it 
along? Don't wait for a call. Ask God 
what he would have you do. Write the 
secretary nearest you, or the General 
Secretary, Win. I. Phillips, Cynosure of- 
fice, indicating what you wish. Blank 
notes and agreements will be sent as you 
indicate your desire. Those wishing to 
communicate with me can address mi 
East Capitol street, Washington, D. C. 

Should you wish to talk matters over, 
indicate your desire and I will call at my 
earliest convenience. For Christ and re- 
form, W. B. Stoddard. 


West Alexandria, Ohio, July 17, '99. 
Dear Editor: For six years I have 
been a regular reader of the Cynosure 
without giving you any idea as to what 
I think of the publication or the cause it 
advocates. After receiving some en- 
couraging words from silent friends, I 
am willing to share my joy with you. 

I cannot do without the Cynosure. It 
is a source of strength and knowledge for 
a work that is unpopular here and else- 
where. I began reading the paper with 
a friendly feeling for lodges, especially 
the K. of P.'s, and conviction came quick 
and strong, and my mind is thoroughly 
settled now on that question. I recom- 
mend the paper to all people seeking 
light and truth on a vital question. 

The literary merits of the paper are up 
to the average periodical, while occa- 
sionally masterly productions — I mean 
gems of thought and style — appear in its 

The spirit of the paper is thoroughly 
Christian. Sincerity is stamped on every 
page. Truth is the end sought. The ar- 
guments, as a whole, are candid and fair, 
and deserve consideration by opponents 
to the cause. 

I consider the solution of the lodge 
question one of the most vital questions 
of the age. The home, church and state 
are all alike seriously hindered in their 
work. There are many friends to our 
cause who seldom show their colors. Re- 
cently I heard so many testify against the 
lodge whom I thought favored it that I 
took courage in the work and write you 
these lines that you may not despair, 
since the battle is on. You may go to 

your home beyond without seeing much 
visible results, but rest assured that your 
labor of love and sacrifice will be amply 
rewarded by the God you serve. 

H. M. Barwick. 


(For the Christian Cynosure.) 

It requires the moral courage of a 
martyr to preach against the growing in- 
fluence and corruption of "Secret Socie- 
ties." The lodge system of this country 
is so intrenched in political parties that 
no candidate can be elected to a high of- 
fice unless he caters and bows to the 
lodge; but sadder still, the devil has 
found his way into the Christian Church 
by transforming himself as an "Angel of 
Light," and has, in many cases, deceived 
the very elect, and, as Goliath defied the 
armies of the living God of old, so the in- 
fluence of the lodge system has made 
cowards of a multitude of God's pro- 
fessed children; so much so that they are 
afraid to take their stand against the Sa- 
tanic influence, so visible in these secret 

On the other hand, many Christian 
churches are so blinded by the Satanic 
philosophy and false religion of the lodge 
that they are trusting in these false sys- 
tems for salvation. 

How strange that so many preachers 
that see the evil of secret societies fail to 
warn people as they do against other 
sins! The few of God's servants that do 
take their stand against the lodge are os- 
tracized, called cranks and troublers in 

How many times pastors have said to 
us: "I agree with you that 'Secret Socie- 
ties' are a hindrance to the church, but if 
I should take my stand and preach my 
convictions, it would divide the church, 
as many of my best members are in the 
lodge. I would lose my hold on the peo- 
ple and my position in the church." This 
we admit is true in many places, but it is 
better to lose our hold on a certain class 
of people, if need be, and our position in 
some church, than to lose our hold on 
God and our position in the kingdom of 

The sin of the lodge should be con- 
demned and exposed, the same as any 
other sin, and we hope, with God's help, 

October, 1899. 



to do our duty in this work, and condemn 
all sin, in or out of the church. 

We have preached against the lodge 
system for over twenty years, and expect 
to keep it up as long as we live. 

Praying for the prosperity and success 
of the noble work being done by the Na- 
tional Christian Association, and all con- 
nected with it, we are, your brother in 
Christian love, S. B. Shaw. 


Oakville, Ore., July 13, 1899. 

The warfare of right against wrong is 
hotly waged, but while the army of the 
Lord increases, the army of satan does 
not diminish. Satan's recruiting offices — 
lodge-rooms, saloons and dance halls — 
are very fascinating and beguiling to 
young men. We live in a fast age. "The 
fathers have eaten sour grapes and the 
children's teeth are set on edge." "He 
that soweth to the wind shall reap the 

Godly parentage is a blessed boon, for 
which we all ought to be thankful ; it has 
been the means of keeping me from the 
snares of the evil one. At the age of 21 
I left my native home in Iowa and went 
to Kansas, which was then a new coun- 

Among the young" men with whom I 
associated I noticed certain signs which 
I did not then understand, but at length 
they became bolder, and urged me to 
join some of their secret societies. This 
gave me an opportunity to tell them that 
their societies' secrets had been exposed 
and to tell them of The Christian Cyno- 
sure, a paper which my father had studi- 
ously read since its first number. I asked 
why I should pay for a secret which was 
no longer a secret. 

I traveled through Kansas and Colo- 
rado to find everywhere the lodge intro- 
duced before the church, and lodge mis- 
sionaries more active than church mis- 
sionaries. The same is true here in Ore- 
gon, and if a man wants an office he must 
attach himself to one or more oath-bound 
societies. ^Why not patronize the sa- 
loons for getting votes? I regard the 
liquor business and the whole brood of 
secret societies as twins, and to kill one 
the other will die of grief. 

Your agent in this State, Rev. P. B.' 

Williams, is a man of great courage and 
power, and deals heavy blows upon the 
lodge and other forms of iniquity. May 
God spare his life (which is often threat- 
ened) for many years. My father, who 
is now more than 87 years of age, has 
been a radical reformer all his life, con- 
tinues to read The Cynosure, and is as 
much interested in all the N. C. A. work 
as when young. Truly, A. Y. Smith. 

He |ome <m& tlje Joh^t 


Be not deceived ; God is not mocked ; 
for whatsoever a man soweth that shall 
he also reap." Gal. 6: 7. 


"With malice toward none, with char- 
ity for all," we would ask the special at- 
tention of members of the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union to the fol- 
lowing facts gleaned from a manual of 
Phi Delta Theta, "published by the Fra- 
ternity :" 

"In 1 89 1 Pallas was chosen as tutelary 
deity of the Fraternity. (Page 21 of 

"The obituary epitaph adopted in 1890 
is : Tn Coelo Ouies Est.' — Tn heaven he 
rests.' (Page 21.) 

"The Wabash chapter was compelled 
to find means of circumventing a watch- 
ful faculty until 1862 or 1863. 

"The Monmouth chapter labored un- 
der the disadvantage of faculty opposi- 
tion seven years before surrendering." 
(Page 15.) 

Dear Christian mother, please study 
the word tutelary and deity with the dic- 
tionary, and think what anguish will be 
added to your sorrow if your boy, whom 
you send with hope and prayer to some 
school for higher education, shall be 
brought back to you a corpse — the vic- 
time of initiation into a college secret so- 
ciety ; or worse, if he shall become, 
though cultured, a reckless, worldly man, 
and live "without God in the world," 
having: learned to despise rightful au- 
thority and to hope for rest at last in 
heaven through the guardian care of 
heathen myths, which are no gods, which 
cannot save from sin. And how bitter will 
your anguish be, if you must think that 
that son was encouraged to join the col- 



October, 1899. 

lege fraternity because he knew his 
mother belonged to a secret society, and 

so it must be all right ! 


When I first came to this country my 
only thought was to make money. 

When I had been here but a few 
months I joined the Chinese Secret So- 
ciety, and joined with its members in the 
worship of idols and of the devil. I ex- 
pected good to come from this, but the 
influence of the society was only bad 
upon me. 

The devil blinds the eyes of all men 
who choose to live in darkness. I was a 
lost sinner, gambling and smoking to- 
bacco in all -its forms, drinking intoxi- 
cating drinks and worshiping the spirits 
of my ancestors. 

In China, where I was born, I heard 
nothing of God, our dear Heavenly 
Father, and of Jesus, His Son, our Sav- 
ior. But now that he has opened my 
eyes to see his love and has rilled my 
heart with his love, I am sad to see any 
one of you walking in darkness when you 
have only to believe in Jesus, and he will 
give you light and peace and joy in his 
service. — Wong Csin Chong, in Re- 
formed Church Record. 



Spider ! thou needst not run in fear about 

To shun my curious eyes ; 
I won't humanely crush they bowels out, 

Lest thou shouldst eat the flies ; 
Nor will I roast thee, with cursed de- 

Thy strange, instinctive fortitude to 
For there is One who might 

One day roast me. 

Thou art welcome to a rhymer sore per- 
The subject of his verse ; 
There's many a one who on a better text 

Perhaps might comment worse. 
Then shrink not, old Free Mason, from 
my view, 

But quietly like me spin 
Do thou thy work pursue, 
As I will mine. 

out the line 

Weaver of snares, thou emblemest the 
Of Satan, sire of lies ; 
Hell's huge black spider, for mankind he 
His toils, as thou for flies, 
When Betty's busy eye runs 'round the 
Woe to that nice geometry, if seen ! 
But where is He whose broom 
The earth shall clean? 

Spider ! of old thy flimsy webs were 
thought — 
And 'twas a likeness true — 
To emblem lays in which the weak are 
But which the strong break through ; 
And if a victim in thy toils is ta'en,* 
Like some poor client is that wretched 


I'll warrant thee thou'lt drain 
His life-blood dry. 

And is not thy weak work like human 
And care on earth employed? 
Such are young hopes and Love's de- 
lightful dreams 
So easily destroyed. 
So does the statesman, while the aven- 
gers sleep, 
Self-deemed secure, his wiles in secret 
Soon shall destruction sweep 
His work away. 

Thou busy laborer! one resemblance 

May yet the verse prolong, 
For, spider, thou art like the poet poor, 

Whom thou hast help in song. 
Both busily, our needful food to win, 

We work, as nature taught, with cease- 
less pains ; 
Thy bowels thou dost spin, 

I spin my brains. 

(The author of this poem, Robert 
Southey, was, early in the present cen- 
tury, Poet Laureate of England, and in- 
timate with Coleridge, who was married 
at the same time as he, to a sister of his 
wife. This little poem, though not alto- 

October, 1899. 



gether elegant in diction, yet brings out 
finely the way the lodge weaves its web 
and ensnares men. — K.) 

"Why is it that by the gospel ministry 
there are more women converted to 
Christ than men ?" 

Ans. — They are not to so great an ex- 
tent identified with secret organizations, 
and are therefore more largely in attend- 
ance upon the means of grace. — Wes- 
leyan Methodist. 

The important question given above 
has been considered often and with sor- 
row by many lovers of Christ and the 
souls of men. The answer given, though 
a true one, is not, it seems to us, the prin- 
cipal one. For men are not only prevent- 
ed from attendance upon the means of 
grace, by their lodge connections, but 
multitudes are persuaded that the "lodge 
religion is good enough," and they rest 
their eternal salvation on "a hope, which 
shall be as a spider's web when God takes 
away the soul !" 

Mrs. Anie L. Harwell, Past President 
•of the Rebekah Assembly of Tennessee, 
predicts that "The time is near at hand 
when the doors of Rebekah lodges will 
be thrown open to all good women, just 
as the doors of subordinate lodges are 
now open to all good men, and if there is 
a good reason why they should not, I 
have never heard it." — Companion. 

Indeed, Mrs. Harwell, if the Rebekahs, 
or the subordinate lodges, either, have 
any light, why not let it shine, so that all 
men may see their good works and glori- 
fy God, who is the author and source of 
all good? 

If, on the contrary, they are works of 
darkness, let them remember the woe 
pronounced on them, "That call evil 
£ood, and good evil ; that put darkness 
for light and light for darkness." Is. 
5 • 20. 


The following letter appeared without 
comment in the Ram's Horn : 
Editor the Ram's Horn: 

You say a good many things, and many of 
ns receive just criticism. You fight bravely 
against many evil tendencies of our age. 
But during the last two years in which I 

have read the Ram's Horn, yon have said 
nothing against the most prosperous evil ten- 
dency of our days, the mightiest anti-Chris- 
tian institution the devil has erected of late 
—the secret societies. Any Christian who 
knows the principles that pervade all these 
societies, cannot but warn against them both 
publicly and privately. The saloon is one 
of our greatest evils, but it is growing more 
and more unpopular. Therefore, not by far 
so dangerous now to our Christian church 
as are secret societies, which are so popular 
and openly or implicitly deny the necessity 
of believing in Jesus Christ our Savior. If 
you don't believe this to be true, please study 
the secret societies thoroughly in the light 
of God's word, and you will see it. It is 
comparatively easy to fight the evils which 
most of the people see are wrong, although 
they do not always admit it. But it is much 
harder to fight the secret societies. The 
devil has so blinded the eyes of millions con- 
cerning them, that they believe they serve 
God by belonging to them, while they, in 
fact, deny Christ and serve the devil. If 
"you have faith in God," be not afraid, if 
you become unpopular. It is a bad sign if 
we are too popular among the children of 
this world. Put down as your sixth plank 
in your platform: The Secret Societies Must 
Go. If you don't, I don't believe you are as 
courageous as you pretend to be. Let us all, 
who wish to be true Christians, "abstain 
from all appearance of evil," and not call 
that which is evil, good, by not denouncing 
it together with other sins. Yours for the 
good cause. 


The silence of the Ram's Horn and in fact 
almost the entire press of our land upon this 
as well as other matters of such vital im- 
portance, is indeed a matter of regret to true 
believers in Christ. 

It has been said that there are many good 
men, but the combination of goodness and 
bravery, rare. We question the goodness, in 
God's sight, of those who have not the cour- 
age to speak out and warn those going down 
to destruction by whatever violation of his 
word. The same Bible that says "No drunk- 
ard shall inherit the kingdom of God," (1 Cor. 
(>:10). says "Swear not at all" (Matt. 534), 
and "I will be a swift witness against the 
false swearers"— Mai. 3:5. 

What an awl'nl doom awaits those who 
pose as leaders, and really have much intlu- 

(Mice. yet for reasons best known to them- 
selves fail to warn their followers of the 
more common, subtle and deceptive evils 
Which are destroying souls by the million, 
such as the anti-Christian secret Societies. 

'•If thou put tin 4 brethren in remembrance 
of these things, thou shalt be a good minis- 



October, 1899. 

ter of Jesus Christ"— 1 Tim. 4:6— The Elev- 
enth Hour. 

We indorse the foregoing, except that we 
do not feel competent to say that the com- 
parison between the saloon and secret so- 
cieties is correct. We do not dispute it, how- 
ever, for we do not know; indeed we can 
see that it may be true— for the church is 
fairly well fortified against the saloon as an 
enemy, while comparatively few church 
members fear the secret societies or seem 
aware of any danger from them. 

Besides the potent and palpable fact of 
their demoralizing influence on believers and 
the evil history of secretism, two texts are 
enough for us: "In secret have I said noth- 
ing," and "Swear not at all," which is above 
quoted. We understand that the New Testa- 
ment "Eeelesia" is sufficient for believers— 
a heaven-planned body.— Editor Eeelesia 

Let us be thankful to God that the 
Ram's Horn had courage to publish such 
a faithful letter, and that others are be- 
ing led to consider this subject. The 
fact is, secret societies shelter and pro- 
tect the saloon, and the saloon in turn is 
a strong ally of secret societies. Both 
are works of darkness ; both are includ- 
ed in the 'doom pronounced by Christ in 
the words : "Every plant which my 
heavenly Father hath not planted shall 
be rooted up." 


By some mistake the children did not 
get their letter in the last Cynosure ; and 
it is pleasant to fancy that a thousand 
boys and girls will be glad to see that 
they are not forgotten this time. 

Our text this month is "Walk as chil- 
dren of light." Eph. 5 : 8. 

In looking over a little book which 
was written in praise of a secret society 
for boys, I find these words : "Remem- 
ber that this society does not require a 
fearful oath in joining;" and yet this 
child's order was planned by a Free Ma- 
son, and with the hope that, when the 
boys who promise on their "manly word 
of honor" now, become men they will 
join the Masonic lodge. 

Little temptations lead to great sins, 
and for this reason, dear children, "go 
not in the way of evil men." 

But little people like to keep going, 
and our text shows the safe path. 

How many are still getting names on 

the testimony cards ? A dear friend from 
two thousand miles away wrote asking 
for some to use. We are glad to send 
as many as are wanted, so do not hesi- 
tate to send for more, and we would be 
glad indeed for more reports from those 
who have signed. 

One young man took a testimony with 
him to the hay-field to get his employer's 

They have been circulated in some 
Sabbath schools. This is an excellent 
plan, we think ; but "Sow beside all 
waters, for we know not which shall 

or whether both shall 


* * * 

be alike good." 

lew €tt0lmt& fetter. 



The preaching on the Common this 
past summer has seemed to range 
through the whole gamut of "isms." 
Even the Unitarians, the Brahmin sect of 
New England, who hitherto have held 
aloof from all such movements, have 
taken their place with other denomina- 
tions, and held services conducted by 
some of their leading lights. A new sen- 
sation was lately supplied by the pres- 
ence of a Mormon elder whose permit, 
however, was soon revoked. Even Bos- 
ton liberalism, proverbial since the days 
of Parker and Channing, has its limits. 
At the same time the city contains — 
though it may be news to a considerable 
part of its inhabitants — one church of the 
Latter Day Saints. 

Dr. Scott F. Hershey, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church, preached a 
sermon recently on this subject, in which 
he said, referring to the secrecy with which 
the doors of the Mormon temple are 
guarded, "I wish the United States had 
honesty enough to open that temple 
or else turn one hundred cannon 
against it. That which is always locked 
from a community is that which' cannot 
bear to be scrutinized. * * *■ The 
whole effect of Mormon doctrine is to 
develop a race of deceivers, liars and 

Mormonism is unique in being, so far 
as I know, the only religion founded by 

October, 1899. 



Masons, with ceremonies based largely 
upon the Masonic ritual ; and if it de- 
veloped truth and loyalty it would cer- 
tainly be a strange case of thistles bearing 
grapes. Perhaps it is something more 
than a coincidence, that an administra- 
tion which for the first time in our na- 
tion's history is Masonic from top to bot- 
tom should also for the first time, as has 
been reported in the papers, give a 
quasi official recognition of the Mormon 
religion by appointing a Mormon elder 
as chaplain of the Second Corps of En- 


Dealing on the Square. 

A Vermont local paper boasts that all 
prominent village officials "deal on the 
square." It is by no means an unfound- 
ed boast in the sense that to join the 
Masonic lodge is the price of the most 
petty office. I doubt if any "heathen 
Chinese, smiling and bland," ever played 
a sharper trick than did the Masons of 
a certain Vermont town in securing its 
incorporation against the will of a ma- 
jority of the residents. There were two 
parties pro and con. Several meetings 
were held from which it was plain that 
the general sentiment was against incor- 
poration. But it happened that the other 
side had for its chief a leading Free Ma- 
son, whose name has been spoken in 
connection with the highest office in the 
gift of the State. He could therefore 
muster about him a strong lodge element 
that was equal to the occasion. They set 
their watches and put the hands of the 
hall clock forward fifteen minutes. 
Enough members of the ring, with their 
allies, were on hand to open the meeting 
and rush the business through at the 
hour set acording to their watches and 
the hall clock, but in reality a quarter of 
an hour ahead of the true time. 

On another occasion a measure was to 
be carried, and as the lodge could not 
well resort to the same ruse twice, emis- 
saries were carefuly placed in waiting to 
buttonhole members of the opposite 
party, and hold them on the streets or 
outside the hall earnestly discussing the 
proposed measure, assuring them that 
"it was early yet." Meanwhile the meet- 
ing had been opened sharp on the hour, 
and the measure quickly and silently car- 

These and similar schemes, I am told. 

have been quite commonly employed to 
carry local elections in other places, and 
candidates have been elected or defeated 
by such wily plots laid in the lodgeroom 
from which unseen wires flash invisible 
signals heard and seen only by the initia- 
ted. The hidden hand that can thus 
manipulate the politics of a little country 
village can with equal secrecy and suc- 
cess manipulate affairs of world-wide im- 
portance. We who believe that Masonry 
is the moving power back of the present 
movement towards imperialism, and the 
consequent subversion of republican 
principles, may one day be proved not 
far in the wrong. 

An editorial on the Carter case in the 
Burlington News of Sept. 5, may have 
some significance in this connection. 
Alluding to the fact that a prominent 
Vermonter and Free Mason was a mem- 
ber of the military court which convicted 
him, it took the ground that there couid 
be no question of Capt. Carter's guilt, as 
he was tried by a court martial "held on 
the square." Now this means, if it means 
anything, that the members of that trib- 
unal were chiefly, if not entirely, Ma- 
sons. Yet according to his own testi- 
mony, as given in a letter to the pub- 
lisher of The Cynosure, Capt. Carter does 
not himself belong to the Masonic order. 
This gives some color to the assertion 
now made that he was convicted and dis- 
graced in order to shut off an investiga- 
tion he had threatened to make into the 
Nicaraguan Canal scheme. Masonry 
and militarism together make a veritable 
hot-bed for plots and conspiracies, and 
it would not be surprising if America 
should startle the world with another 
Dreyfus case. 

New England Degenerates. 

Rollin Lynde Harte has been writing a 
series of articles in the Atlantic MontliK 
describing the moral and physical de- 
generacy of a certain hill town in New 
England. That it is but the type of a 
class is shown by the mass of testimony 
from ministers and prominent educators 
that these articles have called forth. "My 
people," writes a Congregational minis- 
ter who has a parish in one of these hill 
towns, "arc degenerates. The people all 
through my district arc degenerates." 
Another suggests that "the North is 
evolving a race of poor whites." If so it 



October, 1899. 

should touch New England pride to the 
quick, and set her to searching for the 
cause. These hill towns are not church- 
less nor schoolless, yet immorality and 
lawlessness abound ; illegitimate births 
are a common thing, and the marriage 
bond is held so loosely that not infre- 
quently men and women take new part- 
ners without any formalities of divorce 
•or remarriage. All that goes to deepen 
and broaden and purify the social, intel- 
lectual and religious life are at a discount, 
and young people born with higher am- 
bitions and loftier ideals than their neigh- 
bors are driven away to seek a home in 
some more congenial locality, or suc- 
cumb in hopeless discouragement to 
their unfortunate environments. Many 
causes may have contributed to bring 
about this social deterioration, but they 
are merely secondary. Writers on this 
subject fail with singular unanimity to 
touch the root of the matter. Every- 
where is the hand of Masonry "dealing 
on the square," giving office to whom it 
will, irrespective of character or fitness. 
No wonder that under its control the 
seeds of immorality are too often sown 
in the public schools, and the churches 
offer but the feeblest breakwater to the 
advancing tide of impiety and vice. 

Medieval tradition tells of dragons who 
had their- haunts in dark caverns, and 
poisoned with their fetid breath the whole 
country side. So the lodge dragon has 
taken up his abode in these hill towns of 
New England and his poison breath is 
a deadly blight on all noble ambition, all 
lofty ideals, all civic virtue — on every- 
thing true, pure and of honest report. 

Masonic Ruffianism, 

The growing disregard of law in these 
hill towns and contempt for. individual 
rights, especially of the poor, has reached 
a point in many localities scarcely credi- 

To violently take away a neighbor's 
landmark is evidently not a "Masonic 
crime." This leads naturally to resist- 
ance, and where law fails to protect the 
use of revolvers. A particularly out- 
rageous case of this description hap- 
pened last May in Middlesex, six miles 
out from Montpelier, the victim being 
a Mrs. Nancy Stevens, yi years old. A 
personal letter now lying before me gives 
the facts which are too long to publish 

here. Suffice it to say that for the offense 
of displaying a revolver when the men 
who were illegally seizing upon her land 
refused to go off at her bidding, she was 
seized, and, with insult, and violence that 
should have shamed barbarians, carried 
off to jail. Bail was set at $3,000, which 
the old lady, who comes of genuine 
Green Mountain stock — her grandfather 
having built the first frame house in 
Middlesex, and killed four bears before 
breakfast — stoutly refuses. She is there- 
fore still in jail awaiting her trial. Fu- 
ture developments may show that it is 
another case of Masonic persecution. 

The writer one day last summer was 
herself witness to one outrage of this 
kind when a Masonic selectman, "dressed 
up in a little brief authority," invaded 
the domains of her hostess, Mrs. Gid- 
dings, to take her land for a town road. 
This had been recorded without her 
knowledge and consent, with no damage 
allowed, and was a plain case of robbery. 
As this official was proceeding to cut 
down some fine shade trees, she very 
properly pulled up the stakes he had'' 
driven and ordered him off. He re- 
sponded by threatening to strike her 
with his upraised ax, which he only sul- 
lenly lowered when her fourteen-year-old 
daughter Grace, alarmed for her moth- 
er's safety, rushed between and seized 
the handle. 

So long as Masonry, which has no 
more regard for popular rights than it 
has respect for woman, is permitted to 
bear rule, the poor will continue to suf- 
fer in person and estate. 

There is the profoundest apathy on 
the lodge question among these hill 
towns, because there is the profoundest 
ignorance. Once they were the abodes 
of intelligence and morality ; the nursery 
of genius, the home of liberty. If they 
are now evolving a vastly deteriorated 
type of manhood and womanhood ; if 
New England is to have her "degener- 
ates" like Italy, it behooves her to seek 
for the cause of this startling change and 
apply the remedy at once. 


Notice has been received of the death 
of our good Brother Bancroft, who died 
of old age Aug. 22c! at Council Bluffs, 

October, 1899. 



Iowa. His boyhood days were spent in 
West Stockholm, St. Lawrence Co., N. 
Y. He taught school at once time in 
Ohio and later in Wisconsin. He also 
taught in Kaloneman Seminary, about 
ten miles southwest of Springfield, 111. 
He was a settled pastor of Congrega- 
tional Churches in both Wisconsin and 
Illinois. Brother Bancroft was for five 
years colporteur for the American Bible 
Society and also for the National Chris- 
tian Association for five years. During" 
those ten years he traveled mostly with 
■a horse and carriage and drove over 20,- 
000 miles. He preached in every county 
in Wisconsin except twelve. He crossed 
the continent four times and though not 
a farmer he has owned fourteen farms, 
two in Illinois, three in Iowa, four in 
Wisconsin and five in Minnesota. His 
charities were as various as his labors, 
and many have reason to bless his name. 

wtbm' I esttmoiTO* 

Whitewater, Wis., July 17, 1899. 
National Christian Association : Hav- 
ing read your book, "Masonry Illus- 
trated," and being convinced from what 
I have found out in it, it has made me a 
seceder from that order forever. Very 
respectfully, A. Larsen. 

Summersworth, N. H., Aug. 14, 1899. 

Dear Brother Phillips: It is about a 
year ago that I renounced Masonry and 
I have been opposing it ever since by 
testimony in prayer meetings, by per- 
sonal conversation with Masons and oth- 
ers, and also by the distribution of tracts 
and the Cynosure. Yours truly, 

John Collins. 


Mr. Wm. I. Phillips: 

Dear Sir— A sermon on Odd Fellow- 
ship and other secret societies, by Rev. 
J. Sarver, was the first article I had ever 
Tead about the Grange. I never thought 
but that it was all right to belong to a 
Grange and to belong to a church at the 
same time, but this sermon, comparing 
Masonry with the Bible, made it very 

plain to me that the Grange was anti- 
Christian as well as all the rest of the se- 
cret societies. 

Rev. J. Sarver says: "All secret socie- 
ties belong to the same family." I never 
received any spiritual good while I was 
a member of the Grange. There were 
many things about the Grange I did not 
like, especially about the initiation. 
Grange doctrine is not Bible doctrine. 
For a year or two before leaving the 
Grange I had thought strongly of with- 
drawing from the church, as I could not 
do justice to church principles and be- 
long to the Grange at the same time. The 
night my request for a demit was read in 
the Grange I heard that some of the mem- 
bers said I would want to come back by 
the end of the year. I have never wished 
myself back yet, thank God! 

Our Grange sometimes hold the "Lec- 
turer's hour" open to the public; and if 
their hall is not large enough they will 
rent the church to hold their meetings in. 
I never thought their programs were ap- 
propriate for a church. God instituted 
the church for worship only. Christ said, 
"My house shall be called a house of 
prayer." I have heard some of the most 
disgusting remarks made by members of 
the Grange (popular members, too), in 
the pulpit of the church. 

Rev. B. Carradine, in his address on 
Secret Societies, was right in saying: 
"These secret fraternities are rapidly be- 
coming clubs and convivial gatherings, 
lovers of pleasures rather than lovers of 

Speaking of nothing in the Grange be- 
ing inconsistent with the duties of a 
Christian, James 5: 12, says, "But above 
all things, my brethren, swear not, nei- 
ther by heaven, neither by the earth, nei- 
ther by any oath; but let your yea be yea, 
and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into con- 
demnation." There are oaths to be taken 
in the Grange, and if I understand this 
passage correctly it means secret socie- 
ties' oaths, oaths made by man. If God's 
Word tells us not to swear by any oath, 
how can we perform the duties of a Chris- 
tian after taking secret society oaths, 
whether Grange or Masonic? 

When I joined the Grange I did not 
understand its doctrines, and I joined be- 
cause I wanted some place to go to, and 
then I thought ministers belonged, aiK* 



October, 1899. 

it must be all right. And I think a good 
many join these secret societies because 
ministers do. When I could say, "I am 
the Lord's," the Grange had no attrac- 
tion for me. The last Grange meeting I 
attended everything seemed so different, 
especially the opening and closing exer- 

Rev. A. W. Geeslin, in his exposition 
of the Grange, says in his remarks on 
Opening Ceremonies: "It is seen in the 
beginning that the Grange has its pray- 
ers. The prayers are offered by the chap- 
lain, who may or may not be a professor 
of the Christian religion. Connection 
with the order qualifies a man for the of- 
fice of chaplain, without any regard what- 
ever to former character, hence Univer- 
salists, Deists or Infidels will stand as 
good a chance for election to the office of 
chaplain in the order as any other class 
of men; and are nearly as often put into 
the office as professors of the Christian 
religion. Prayer is offered for the officers 
of the Grange and laborers therein, i. e., 
the members, and when they, the officers 
and members, lay down their implements 
(regalia, plow, spade, harrow, etc., etc.) 
on earth they are to meet in the paradise 
above; or, as is generally used by the 
lodge, "The Grand Grange above." This 
they expect without any atonement 
through Christ for sin. Thus it is a re- 
ligion, but is at variance with the Chris- 
tian religion. It is a heathenish religion 
on Christian soil." 

We would call the attention of the 
Christian reader to the closing words of 
the chaplain's prayer, "We ask all in thy 
(the Father's) name." Christ says (John 
16: 23), "Whatsoever ye shall ask in my 
name, he (the Father) will give it you." 
Does it not interfere with a Christian's 
religious views 'to have a prayer offered 
in which Christ is ignored? Yet in the 
installing officer's address he affirms that 
the teachings of the Grange do not inter- 
fere with a man's religious views. Again, 
Christianity teaches us to do good to all, 
especially to the household of faith. The 
Grange says especially to the Patrons of 
Husbandry. Is there not conflict between 
the teachings of the Grange and the re- 
ligious views of the Christians? 

Secret societies are all run by the same 
engine, having Satan for the engineer. 
Sarver says: "The Grange is a recent in- 

vention designed as a trap for the far- 

"Jesus answered him, I spoke openly 
to the world; and in secret have I said. . 
nothing." "The friendship of the world 
is enmity with God. Whosoever there- 
fore will be a friend of the world is the 
enemy of God." "Neither be ye called r 
masters; for one is your Master, even 
Christ." "Ye cannot serve God and: 
mammon." Gertrude A. Scott. 

Plymouth, Connecticut. 

There are many things in this world 
that need reforming — even in the lodge. 
Therefore, the work of reformation 
should not be left to the feeble efforts of 
one person,. but all members should unite- 
as one man to do the work. "Whatso- 
ever thy hand findeth to do," etc.-^Ma- 
sonic Chronicle, September, 1898. 

Even in the lodge ! Why not say :. 
Especially in the lodge? 

Pacific toaat Jfem 

REV. P. B. WILLIAMS, Salem, Ore. 

In Albany, Oregon, not long since, a 
lodge of Woodmen concluded to have 
some fun by giving a sham initiation to a 
half-witted fellow. The story runs that 
they "trumped up" a foolish ceremony 
for his benefit. (But if the Albany lodge 
could "trump up" anything more foolish- 
than the real Woodmen initiation they 
are certainly entitled to a chromo.) One 
phase of the ceremony was that the can- 
didate was to take a heavy stick of stove 
wood and knock the lodge room door 
down. After they gave him the fictitious 
password and certain signs, they told him 
to go the next week to the Scio lodge, 
given seven raps ; if not admitted, he 
should take a stick, of stove wood and 
break the door in, knowing that he would 
be arrested for so doing. Fine business 
for a benevolent (?) society to thus take 
advantage of the mental weakness of a 
poor imbecile to get him into trouble ! 

A prominent minister some time ago 
in a sermon replying to us, said : "Jesus 
Christ was not only a Free Mason but 
worshipful master of a Masonic lodge. 
He took his first degree when John bap- 
tized him at the River lordan. There 

October, 1899. 



the Holy Spirit was his guide, and Satan 
his prompter. He went up into the 
wilderness and there took the other two 
degrees, after which angels came and 
ministered unto him. On the Mount of 
Transfiguration Jesus Christ held a 
grand Masonic lodge and was visited by 
two past grand masters, Moses, an 
Egyptian Mason, and Elijah, a Persian 
Mason." Oh, Los Angeles! City of the 
Angels! Ye must certainly hold your 
share of fallen ones ! Men would have us 
throw the veil of charity over these pro- 
ceedings, and be mum. God commands 
us to "cry aloud; spare not; show my 
people their sins !" 

A lady in this city who has been a 
sort of a "recruiting officer" for one of 
the minor orders, said some time ago to 
one of our members : "I agree with you 
that the lodge is no good. I was a Chris- 
tian when I joined it. In it I have lost 
my religion, besides much precious time 
and money." She further described the 
lodge as a place for "gossip and slander." 
She said in substance: "It is generally 
demoralizing." Another case: A man' 
of this city had paid into his lodge for 
years. He went to Tacoma, took sick, 
his wife kept his dues paid up by hardest 
toil and closest sacrificing, until his last 
sad sickness came. In caring for her 
sick and dying companion she neglected 
the lodge for two payments. He died, 
and the lodge refused to pay her a cent. 
There are far more of such sad, sad 
cases than there are of those who are 
really benefitted by the lodges. Quite a 
number, I am informed, are scared at the 
Home Forum. I think they had beeter 
scare at the whole lot. 

Our people here on this coast are 
watching with great interest the outcome 
of the conflict with the State and secret 
societies at Wardner. Idaho. 

Strange that Christian men and wo- 
men are so slow to see that the N. C. A. 
and its branches east, west, north and 
south are seeking to do by moral suasion 
what the national, state and municipal 
governments have to do by force. Put 
down secret society mob rule. Instead 
of so much bitter opposition we should 
command the respect of every thinking 

Before this is in type, we shall (EX V.) 
have held our State convention in Ta- 

coma. While I write interest increases 
and the prospects are for a good meeting. 
We would like to hold a State conven- 
tion for Oregon, and one for California 
if we can, between now and April 30, 
iqoo. Let us hear from the friends in 
those States, as to time and best place for 
a State convention. Remember that a 
part of my time is taken up this year in 
"pastoral work," so I must plan ahead 
for lecture and convention work. Write 

Rev. C. G. Harmon, pastor of the M. 
E. Church, Woodburn, Oregon, preaches 
against the lodge in all its forms. He is 
having the best real success of any pas- 
tor they have had for years. This shows 
how God honors truth. Nothing is so 
forcible in its operations on the mind as 
truth. The church wants him returned 
next year. If there be from one to three 
lodge men who take offense at his plain 
preaching they will disappoint the very 
large majority of the church. 

Mrs. H. B. Coulson, of Scotts Mills, in 
a recent letter say : "The Odd Fellows 
got a minister to come here and speak 
for them after you were here. They were 
mute about acepting your challenge to 
publicly discuss the subject. The devil 
has been mad since then. May the dear 
Lord continue to bless you in your work. 
We enclose two dollars for convention 
expenses. Our son Dwight sends fifty 
cents of this." I wish we had more par- 
ents who would train their children on 
these reform lines. Mrs. C. was a 
Frasier, and they w r ere reformers "from 
awav back." She sends a nice letter for 
the convention. Her husband is true as 
steel to the magnet. 

Notwithstanding the rain on Sunday, 
Sept. 3, the people just poured out at 
Carus, in Clackamas County, Oregon, to 
hear us discuss the evils of secret so- 
cieties. The community had never heard 
an address on the subject and were great- 
ly interested. Brother J. J. Guyer, one 
of the leading members of the Evangel- 
ical Association, has enough of the 
Grange and also of the G. A. R. He finds 
the Church of Christ enough. Rev. Au- 
gust Ernst, presiding elder of the Port- 
land District Evangelical Association, is 
much interested in our work against the 
lodges. Always has a good word for us. 
He preaches against the orders, both in 



October, 1899. 

German and English. The Cynosure 
readers will hear in the near future di- 
rectly from Rev. J. B. Crooks, who has 
been several times a lodge man. He will 
speak and tell the story in his own awy. 
By the permission of the editor. 


"Every Odd Fellow should understand that 
he is only half an Odd Fellow until he be- 
comes a member of the patriarchal branch. 
In the earlier ages of the order the en- 
campment degrees were a part of the subor- 
dinate lodge work, but, making the lodge 
work unwieldy, they were separated and 
made a higher branch, or a continuation of 
the teachings of Oddfellowship. The drama- 
tized degrees of the subordinate lodge, with 
their beautiful lessons, are but the prepara- 
tory steps to the sublime teachings of the 
patriarchal degrees. If you would know the 
full measure of Oddfellowship, brother, learn 
it in the encampment. Join the encampment 
and advance to the full station of Oddfellow- 
ship manhood." 

It is in the Patriarchal ritual that the 
radically anti-Christian character of Odd 
Fellowship becomes most impressive. 
He who accepts in his heart the religious 
teaching of the Encampment is truly no 
longer "half an Odd Fellow;" he has re- 
ceived the teaching that such orders re- 
gard as "sublime." He has learned that 
Paganism and Mohammedanism and 
Christianity are phases and sects of re- 
ligion. He is prepared to say of Jesus, 
"I know not the man," and willingly to 
miss the mediatorial name from lodge 


For salvation — "Receive with meek- 
ness the engrafted word which is able to 
save your souls." — James i :2I. 

For peace — "I will hear what God the 
Lord will speak ; for he will speak peace 
unto his people and to his saints." — Ps. 
8s: 8. 

For faith. — "Faith cometh by hearing, 
and hearing by the word of God." — Rom. 
io: 17. 

For hope — "Whatsoever things were 
written aforetime were written for our 
learning, that we through patience and 
comfort of the Scriptures might have 
hope." — Rom. 15 : 4. 

The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


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Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, ill. 

J. A. Krumb writes: "I am pleased 
with The Christian Cynosure and wish 
it could come once a week. Wish you 
could publish it weekly. 

"The Modern Babel/' by Wm. L. 
Brown, of Wapello, Iowa, 'is a twelve- 
page pamphlet of merit. It takes up 
some of the Babel claims of false wor- 
ships and answers them in an interesting^ 
way. Copies can be had at this office 
sent postpaid for 3 cents each. 

At the burial of a brother Oddfellow,, 
at a recent date, the chaplain acting for 
the occasion was a man who for six days 
of the week peddled intoxicating liquors 
among the drinking saloons of the city.— - 
Oddfellows' Companion. 

But he doubtless had the redeeming 
trait of faithfully keeping Christ's name 
out of the prayers. 

"A tribe in a jurisdiction whose laws pro- 
hibit the admission of a paleface under 21 
years of age, is not compelled to admit "a 
member of the order on a card from a sister 
jurisdiction, whose laws provided that a pale- 
face 18 years of age is eligible for member- 
ship, the brother applying on such card be- 
ing under 21 years of age." 

And the poor young paleface must, 
like the rest of us, wander in the woods,. 

October, 1899. 



even though he has paid up the dues that 
fall everywhere. 

We wish to call attention to the adver- 
tisement, on the last page of our cover, 
of I. R. B. Arnold, who has been a 
stereopticon lecturer for twenty-five 
years, and our readers probably remem- 
ber him as the Floating-Chapel mission- 
ary. Anything in the stereopticon line 
ordered from his house can be relied up- 
on as being first-class. Whether you 
wish to purchase now or not, send and 
get his catalogue. He makes a specialty 
of slides for Bible and Sunday school 
work, and he now offers to make a do- 
nation of 50 per cent, to the National 
Christian Association on all sales made 
before the first of January. 


The Worcester, Mass., Telegram of 
June 19 reports a sermon preached to 
Odd Fellows the day before in a neigh- 
boring town, and quotes the preacher as 
saying:: "Those criticisms, which have 
come from people who have spoken as 
outsiders, are a good deal like the lec- 
tures of Ingersoll against Christianity ; 
he is speaking of a condition which he 
has never experienced, and therefore has 
no right to judge." 

This illustration seems to lack a par- 
allel at the very point to which it calls at-' 
tention ; for, while we naturally speak of 
the regenerate condition of a man, who, 
in the language of the Baptist denomina- 
tion to which the preacher belongs, has 
experienced "a change of heart," we do 
not naturally speak of Oddfellowship as 
a "condition." 

It is a system of rules or principles 
and a method of operation, but can hard- 
lv be called a moral or spiritual "condi- 
tion." Men of all sorts of conditions can 
be Odd Fellows. 

The preacher is made by the Tele- 
gram's report to say that "Exposures 
have been written." If he means genuine 
exposures, then he admits that facts are 
known ; yet he declares that for lack of 
experience in these known facts, the ob- 
server of them "has no right to judge." 

So far as we know, the preacher lias 
lived only under a republican govern- 

ment. Has he then no right to judge of 
a monarchy ? He has had no experience 
of murder, either as victim or perpetra- 
tor. Has he therefore "no right to 
judge" murder a crime? 

The correspondence of the Worcester 
Telegram contains the statement that 
"The annual sermon to Odd Fellows is 
always a red letter feature of the order of 
three links in Spencer." 

And why does not the State Mutual 
Insurance Co. of the neighboring city of 
Worcester, seeing it is conducted on 
similar principles, and according to sim- 
ilar methods, to secure similar results : 
and seeing that such advertising once a 
year is valuable, adopt the same "red let- 
ter feature?" 

The Worcester Telegram savs that a 
pastor in Worcester County, preaching- 
to Odd Fellows June 18, took for his text 
"Oddfellowship's great command: 'Visit 
the sick, relieve the distressed, bury the 
dead and educate the orphan.' Matthew 
26: 36; 2'j\ 59; 1 Psalms 68: 5." 

Inasmuch as this preacher was going' 
outside of Christianity for his theme, he 
did an appropriate thing in going out- 
side the Bible for a text. He would have 
done better still if he had avoided the 
appended citations. P2ven better yet 
would it have been to take both text and 
discourse outside the Lord's house, on 
another than the Lord's day. 

In order to be complete and intelligi- 
ble, the text needs to be amplified ; for. 
as given, it stands in an incomplete con- 
dition.' Fully expressed, it reads as fol- 
lows: "Visit the .sick who have fully 
paid up their dues ; bury the dead who 
died with their lodge dues paid ; relieve 
the distressed who have made the re- 
quisite deposit or payment against a 
time of distress ; and educate the or- 
phan whose father was not behind in his 
payment of lodge dues when lie died, or 
whose life insurance assessments were 
not unpaid." 

Whether from such a text as that a 
Christian minister could evolve a dis- 
course that by any exetieal or homi- 
letical rule, could come within sight of 
being a sermon teaching a semblance o\ 
the Christian life advocated in the Lord's 
house, is a hard question. 



October, 1899. 



Hong Kong, China, has seven En- 
glish-speaking lodges, four Royal Arch 
Chapters, a lodge of Royal Ark Mariners, 
a chapter of Rose Croix, a Mark lodge 
and a Preceptory. — Masonic Chronicle, 
December, 1898. 

Bombay has twenty Masonic lodges, 
and Africa has the rum manufactured by 
one of the most prominent Masons near 


"We know a case as follows, and pre- 
sume it is by no means a solitary one in 
secret orders : 

"An application was referred to the 
Investigating Committee. We knew the 
party and regarded him as unworthy of 
membership, though, perhaps, in some 
respects, a 'good fellow' as the world 
judges. We approached the committee 
and asked what would be their report in 
this particular case. 'Oh,' said the chair- 
man, 'we shall report favorably, but when 
the ballot is taken we shall vote against 
him.' " 

The Preacher's Magazine for Septem- 
ber, with an abundant store of ministrial 
aids, is at hand. It is full of good 
thoughts and valuable subjects for study, 
and indispensable as a real help to min- 
isters. The remarkable table of contents 
will create a demand for it. The leading 
sermon is by the famous Robert Tor- 
rance, D. D., of Canada, from this text: 
"'Fear not; I am the first and the last." 
It is a choice, rich, and inspiring dis- 
course. A sermon also appears, entitled, 
"God's Kingdom to Come," by the late 
Charles A. Berry, D. D. It is a broad 
and blessed production. Likenesses of 
the above clergymen appear, and they 
are excellent, as are all the pictures pro- 
duced in this magazine. 

"I think dogs is more sensible 'n peo- 
ple," said Mollie. "People speak differ- 
ent languages, and so can't always un- 
derstand each other, but German dogs 
and English dogs and French dogs all 
bark just the same way, and seem to un- 
derstand each other as soon as they're 

An American Roman Catholic paper 
refers as follows to Billy Florence's re- 
nunciation of Masonry : "Billy Flor- 
ence," as he was familiarly called, was 
the man who introduced into the United 
States "the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine," 
one of the highest of the "side degrees" 
of Freemasonry. He had just returned 
from Europe and the Levant, and pro- 
fessed to have been initiated into the Mo- 
hammedan order while in Turkey. The 
"mystic shrine" is the Caaba or Temple 
covering the Sacred Stone of Mecca ; and 
the Shriners are as distinctly Mohamme- 
dan in all the symbolism, ritual and cant 
of their degree, as the Knights Templar, 
who, with one exception, are alone eligi- 
ble to be Shriners, are Christian, thus 
showing that "Christianity" of the Tem- 
plars is only an empty farce. But Billy 
Florence had been baptized in infancy 
by a priest, and about six months before 
his decease Father Ducey, of New York, 
received his submission. Having re- 
nounced his Masonic heresies, he died 
fortified by the sacraments of the Holy 
Church, and is buried in Calvary Ceme- 
tery, New York." 

(So much the worse for Billy Flor- 
ence ! — Ed. Chronicle.) 

But why ? Not because of renouncing 
the Turkish Mohammedan order, is it? 


Ever since the location of the several 
fraternal homes at Springfield, Ohio, and 
their improvement by the erection of 
buildings, at an expense to the K. P. or- 
der of more than $30,000, to the I. O. O. 
F. of about $60,000, and to the Masonic 
of about $150,000, the Auditor of Clark 
County has continued to levy and collect 
the full amount of taxes as are levied for 
all purposes upon the property of private 
citizens and corporations. This has been 
a grievous burden upon the several or- 
ganizations, as it was a tax direct upon 
contributions of individuals for charita- 
ble purposes — the support of indigent 
members, widows and orphans. 

To get relief from this burden the Odd 
Fellow Grand Lodge of Ohio appointed 
a committee to see that an act was passed 
by the Legislature exempting such 

October, 1899. 



bodies from this tax upon their charities. 
For one reason and another this commit- 
tee failed to get action on the matter and 
the end of the legislative session was 
nearing, when the writer, being a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the Ohio 
Pythian Home, and interested in the mat- 
ter, together, with Judge Ivor Hughes, 
Deputy Grand Master of the Odd Fellow 
Grand Lodge, wrote up an amendment 
to Section 2732-3 of the Revised Statutes 
of Ohio, and presented it to our honora- 
ble brother, B. F. Gay man, a representa- 
tive from Franklin County, urging pas- 
sage of the same. Bro. Gayman took 
the matter in charge and, amid the throes 
of the closing hours of the legislative ses- 
sion, presented the amended bill, put it 
through first and second and third read- 
ings under suspension of the rules and 
passed it, and it is now a law. All honor 
to Bro. Gayman and the Legislature of 
Ohio for lifting this burden from the 
homes devoted entirely to the shelter, 
clothing and feeding of the unfortunate 
Free Masons, Odd Fellows and Knights 
of Pythias, their widows and orphans. — 
The Knight. 

Whatever may be true of the "assess- 
ments," the "dues," surely, are of the 
nature of accident insurance premiums, 
and are the condition of participation in 
benefits. Dues are a constant theme in 
secret society journals. It is a serious 
question whether a Legislature can en- 
act a law that will bear examination be- 
fore the highest court, when the basis of 
the law is "charitable contribution," and 
yet there is no charity except the pay- 
ment of lodge "dues" or "assessments." 
If these payments are the condition of a 
share in the home itself in case of need, 
they come under the supervision of the 
insurance commissioner rather than that 
of the commissioner or supervisor of 
charities. In that case, the law abating 
taxes might not hold. 

The very same issue of the Knight 
takes the subject up again in connection 
with another form of apparent tax, un- 
der the heading — 


'The 40-cent per capita assessment 
made by the Grand Lodge of Ohio for 
the support of the running expenses of 
the Ohio Pythian Home, the erection of 
additional buildings, and the improve- 

ment of the grounds in fencing, draining, 
the purchase of stock, and other neces- 
sary expenditures, has not been paid into 
the Grand Lodge exchequer with the 
promptness that should characterize so 
great a portion of the benevolence of the 
order. We are informed by the Grand 
Keeper of Records and Seal that there is 
quite a large sum unpaid by the lodges, 
and that this arrearage amounts to some- 
thing over $10,000. We cannot believe 
that this delinquency is chargeable to the 
desire of the Knights of Ohio to shirk 
or disregard the responsibility of sup- 
porting the home, but we are inclined to 
the belief that it occurs largely through 
oversight of the Masters of Finance of 
the lodges in not calling attention to this 
assessment when the payment of the dues 
is being made by the brethren. This de- 
linquency, or oversight, has caused much 
embarrassment to the Board of Direc- 
tors, and has been the cause of prevent- 
ing them from meeting their current 
obligations as promptly as is desirable. 
We hope the various M. of F. will attend 
promptly to this matter and remit the 
amounts due with promptness." 


We are led into this series of remarks 
by recent exhibitions of the non-fraternal 
character of several lodge officers that 
have come under our observation. One 
is a case wherein a brother of upward of 
fifty years' membership, who, after half 
a century of active life, some portions of 
which were periods of prosperity and 
some of adversity — especially the later 
ones — was compelled to succumb to the 
slowly wasting influences of age and dis- 
ease accompanying the decline of life, 
was grossly insulted by the flippant re- 
marks of a young "snip" of a lodge of- 
ficer, whose membership in the order had 
scarcely passed the grub or larva period. 
Another was of a somewhat kindred na- 
ture, with the difference that the brother 
was younger, both in age and years in 
the order, yet able to walk about, though 
unable to do any manner of work, was 
ordered by his physicians to exercise as 
much as possible in sunshine and air, and 
for this was abruptly assailed and drop- 
ped from the sick roll as one who had 
been guilty of fraud. Another case, that 



October, 1899. 

of a brother whose body had been crush- 
ed and bruised so as to deprive him of all 
power of endurance, but was able to walk 
about. Another case was a brother whose 
heart was affected to such a degree as 
to prevent him .from continuous exercise 
or exertion of any kind, and which after- 
ward caused his death. Instances of this 
kind might be multiplied indefinitely, but 
every brother of a few years of experi- 
ence in lodge work can recall instances 
of this character. 

These acts are more than unfraternal, 
they are brutal — they are exercised only 
upon the sick, disabled and dependent, 
and at a time when brotherly love and 
acts of charity should be exercised to 
their fullest extent; but these are senti- 
ments that never generated in the hearts 
of officers capable of such selfishness and 
inhumanity. — The Knight, May, 1898. 

Notice that this lodge organ declares 
that instances which it calls brutal 
"might be multiplied indefinitely." 

"When the great anti-Masonic wave swept 
across the United States of America in 1827, 
Oddfellowship was still clad in the habili- 
ments of yonth— yes, in 'swaddling clothes'— 
the whole number of subordinate lodges in 
the entire Union being but fourteen. This 
small number of devoted brothers was 
doomed to receive a great proportion of the 
anathemas pronounced by the fanatics of 
that day against all organizations having 
secret work. But in the lapse of time, the 
Morgan excitement having died out, the 
doors of the lodge-room were besieged and 
many thousands asked admittance, and to- 
day, with the Rebekah Sisters, numbers over 
a million members enrolled in nearly 16,000 
lodges — and th.s gain has been made in a lit- 
tle over three decades of shears!" 

This is a large number of Americans 
to live under the rules and methods of 
an order which will not let the subject of 
religion alone, yet prohibits mentioning 
in its prayers the name of Jesus, the head 
and life of true religion. 

"The combining of men together in fra- 
ternal bonds is not a new thing belonging 
only to me later ages. It existed centuries 
upon centuries ago, and was the force that 
made mankind better, happier and freer. In 
but few instances have such organizations 
been hurtful, out in nearly all they have 
tended to the betterment of tlie masses Oj. the 
people. Organized charity, organized mutual 
assistance and protection, have driven want 

and sorrow from millions of hearts and . 
homes— organized effort has broken the 
chains of slavery of mind and body from a 
large portion of the world; from before it 
fanatics and oppression have fled as the mist 
before the rising sun, and the world is daily 
growing the better for it. If this be true — 
and who can gainsay it?— why should not 
such organizations receive the blessings and 
encouragements of all right-thinking persons 
—not by voice alone, but by acts that show 
their appreciation of the good they do?" 

Organization, abstractly considered, is. 
not what practical men adopt or reject. 
Drinking is good, but much depends on 
what you drink. Organization is good, 
when good men organize for good pur- 
poses in a good way. 

It is bad in cases of the opposite kind.. 
The forty who bound themselves with an 
oath not to eat nor drink till they had 
killed Paul were organized. The Mafia 
is organized; so were the Molly Ma- 
guires and the Ku Klux Klan. Organi- 
zation characterizes the political ma- 
chine. By all means let us organize, but 
"under which king?" 

"One of Uncle Sam's most faithful ser- 
vants in the State of Maine," says the 
Pacific Ensign, "but one that draws no 
salary, lives at the Portland Headlight- 
house. It is a large gray parrot, brought 
from Africa some time ago, and present- 
ed to the keeper of the light. The bird 
soon noticed that when the fog began to 
blow in from the ocean, someone would 
cry out, 'Fog coming; blow the horn!' 
One day the fog suddenly began to come 
in thick, and the men did not notice it. 
But Poll did, and croaked out, 'Fog 
coming; blow the horn!" Ever since 
then, whenever fog is perceptible, Poll 
gives warning." Many watchmen on 
the walls of Zion should take lesson from 
Polly. When they. see the dangerous fog- 
in the form of secret lodge worship roll- 
ing in upon the church and the nation 
and shutting out the light of the sun of 
Righteousness, and blinding men to the 
truth as it is in Jesus, they should sound 
the fog horn of warning. 

"Doesn't your brother Tommy ever 
give you anything, Johnny?" 

"I should say he did. He is the one 
what gave me the mumps and the 
measles." — Exchange. 

October, 1899. 



Mtm of §nx Pori 

The annual meeting of the New Eng- 
land Association occurs on the 4th of this 
month. The association meets in the 
Park Street Church, Boston. New and 
prominent speakers are expected to ad- 
dress the convention in the evening. A 
full report will be had in our next issue. 
Secretary J. P. Stoddard has issued a 
new tract — "Freemasonry Symbolized in 

The Ohio State convention will prob- 
ably be held on the 24th and 25th of this 
month at Columbus, Ohio. Among tfhe 
speakers will be President Long of Co- 
lumbus, Ohio. Do not fail to read the 
further notice of this convention in the 
letter from Secretary -W. B. Stoddard, 
who is working up this meeting with his 
usual zeal and success. 

Director J. M. Hitchcock is spending a 
portion of this month in Otsego County, 
New York, laboring in the interests of 
this association. 

Rev. O. T. Lee has a very interesting 
article in this number, which will well 
repay any pastor to read carefully. He 
delivers a course of lectures to his own 
congregations this fall on lodgism, as 
usual. He has been of immense help to 
other congregations in Iowa and Minne- 



There was an 
among the Congregational ministers in 
this city last month to discuss the lodge 
question. The Scrooby Club consists of 
young Congregational ministers of Chi- 
cago, and a very able paper was read on 
the Religion of the Lodge by one of their 
number, Rev. E. B. Wylie. A fuller ac- 
count of the meeting is hoped for, for 
our next number. 

F. H. Beltz, of Graters Ford, Pa., is 
among those who have been kept from 
uniting with the Masons through read- 
ing the Cynosure. He is a member of 
the Reformed church and superintendent 
in the Sabbath school. 

Rev. O. T. Lee, Northwood, Iowa, 
writes: "I have announced lectures on the 
Secret Societies in my connections later 
in the fall. I have promised to give some 
lectures in Norman County, Minnesota." 

Rev. Samuel F. Porter, now in his 
86th year, has been preaching in North 
Dakota every Sunday until recently. He 
spent some days at the close of August 
at the Cynosure office. 

During the present year Mr. Robert 
Jones of Eglinton, Ont., Canada, has cir- 
culated over three thousand anti-lodge 
tracts. What a blessing it would be to 
have other men in other communities 
lift up the standard for righteousness as 
does Mr. Jones. 

The Men's Prayer and Bible Study As- 
sociation of Wahoo, Neb., have engaged 
in a Bible study with reference to secret 
societies. The leader is Rev. William C. 
Paden. There are a number of secret so- 
ciety men in the association, several of 
whom are preachers. A movement is on 
foot in another city of Nebraska among 
the women to add an anti-secrecy depart- 
ment to the W. C. T. U. work. It is 
stated that in the latter place, though they 
cannot possibly support a public library 
and reading room, the women of that 
city contribute to the lodges over $600 
annually. Prayer should be made for 
those who are leaders in this movement, 
for the fight is against ''principalities and 

The report of our convention held in 
Evanston, 111., last May was more far- 
reaching than some could have hoped 
for. I have in my hand a letter from 
W r asind, India, written to Brother Jacob) , 
assistant pastor of the Moody Church. 
Chicago. The letter is from Floyd C. 
Aldrich, who writes of reading Brother 
Jacoby's testimony in our Evanston 
meeting, and of his delight in hearing of 
his good work. 

The Iowa District Synod consider- 
that the subject of the secret societies is 
of great importance, and have in their 
program for their next meeting for dis- 
cussion a question, "Why Cannot 



October, 1899. 

Christian belong to the Secret Socie- 

Dion Lodge No. 31, Knights of 
Pythias of Texarkana, has surrendered 
its charter and disbanded. It is the first 
incident of this kind in this city. The 
Joss of interest and attendance of its 
meetings are some of the reasons of the 
causes assigned for the collapse. — Rock- 
wall Sun. 

Mr. Guy Snow writes that Texas is 
making a step in the right direction, and 
he hopes that the good work will go on 
until it reaches from the Red River to the 

The Board of Directors held its fourth 
session since the annual meeting in May 
on the nth of September last. There 
were present Messrs. C. A. Blanchard, T. 
M. Chalmers, S. B. Shaw, Elliot Whip- 
ple, P. W. Raidabaugh, J. M. Hitchcock, 
E. B. Wylie and H. F. Kletzing. Several 
important steps were taken looking to- 
ward the enlargement of the work 
throughout the country, and one of the 
important moves is the "Endowment 
Fund" for the different States. Secretary 
W. B. Stoddard has already begun work 
on this line, and in a letter in this number 
sets forth the plan at some length. Cor- 
respondence is solicited from the friends 
in each State. 


Washington, D. C, Sept. 18, '99. 

Dear Cynosure: I am reminded of the 
little boy who said he could count all the 
pigs but one, but that one ran around so 
much he could not count him. Since 
my last report I have worked in live 

A call came for lectures at Cave Sta- 
tion, Virginia. It was purposed to or- 
ganize a lodge of the "Junior Order of 
Mechanics" there. Some fifteen names 
had been secured of those who would 
join, but twenty was the number re- 
quired. The schoolhouse trustee was 
timid, but let me have the schoolhouse 
the first night. When the people gath- 
ered the second evening they learned that 
the schoolhouse had been ordered lock- 
ed. A lumber pile was utilized, an out- 
door evening camp-meeting held, and it 

was thought by those in a position to 
know that the "Juniors" would not or- 
ganize, at least for the present. 

It was stated that some who had given 
their names as applicants had asked that 
their names be withdrawn. A member of 
this order bragged in the store that he 
would rather attend the "Juniors" than 
the church. This did not take well with 
the church men, They began to see the 
horns and hoofs of this apparently harm- 
less thing. 

In Boston, Mass., I received a royal 
welcome, as always. There were many 
evidences that my honored father's work 
there was telling for the right. A meet- 
ing of Adventists, of the Crisis order, 
gave opportunity for a brief address. The 
principal speakers referred to the multi- 
plication of secret societies as one of the 
evidences that Christ was soon to return 
to this earth. The people were told 1 to 
get out and keep out of them that they 
might be prepared when he should come. 
What a sorry predicament a man would 
be caught in should Christ appear when 
he was being initiated into the "Red 
Men," or some other fool society that do 
things that should shame a decent real 

Returning, I visited friends in Worces- 
ter, Mass.; Putnam, Willimantk and 
New Haven, Conn., and I was given a 
splendid opportunity to address the peo- 
ple of the Second Reformed Presbyterian 
Church, New York City. Bro. Casey 
and others of the C. E. Society have been 
desirous that I speak in this church for 
some time. A request was made for a 
meeting on Tuesday evening. Mr. A. 
Alexander and others joined the pastor, 
Dr. Sommerville, in inviting me to pre- 
sent the anti-Christian character of the 
lodge to the large congregation gathered 
Sabbath afternoon. This invitation was a 
very pleasing one to me. 

The session of the Second United 
Presbyterian Congregation, Jersey City, 
also gave me a very happy surprise. A 
check for twenty dollars was received 
from their treasurer. This was especial- 
ly appreciated because of the sympathy 
and love that it manifested. Under the 
leadership of their esteemed pastor, 
Brother James Parker, they are learning 
to "abound in the work of the Lord." 

I spent a little time in Philadelphia, and 

October, 1899. 



towns north, preaching twice to good 
congregations in the East Coventry Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren Church yesterday. 
I go to-morrow to Virginia for my 
daughter, who has been ''farming" for a 
season. Early next week I hope to go to 
Ohio via Pittsburg, Pa., and get things 
in line for the State convention that it is 
purposed to hold Oct. 25 and 26. Our 
State President, Rev. S. P. Long, may be 
expected to lead off with a ringing ad- 
dress; subject, "Humbugs." Secretary 
W. I. Phillips, President Blanchard and 
others of the "old guard" are expected. 
Let every friend pray for this gathering. 
Attend if you can. If not, write a brief 
letter. Enclose a contribution if able to 
aid. W. B. Stoddard. 

©ur ©ue0tion iraroer. 

If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Q. What do Odd Fellows mean by se- 
cret and unwritten work? A. M. 

A. "Work" is a term borrowed from 
Masonry, and is used to signify the cere- 
monies of initiation, "secret work," be- 
ing that part of the initiatory ceremonies 
which is pretended to be secret or unre- 
vealed. The claim of secrecy, however, 
is just as false in the case of Odd Fellow- 
ship as in that of Masonry, for its ritual 
is published, this book being used by 
Odd Fellows in Chicago and elsewhere 
throughout the country from which to 
learn their respective parts when officers 
of a lodge. The genuineness of these rit- 
uals can be guaranteed. 

Q. Are there now and has there ever 
been many Baptist preachers connected 
with the anti-secret cause? 

B. E. A. 

A. Twenty-two evangelical denomina- 
tions have a strong disciplinary testi- 
mony against Masonry and all secret so- 
cieties, and so have many individual con- 
gregations, Baptists among others, but 
aside from these many Baptist preachers 
are themselves opposed to secretism, 
though some of their church members 
are Masons, Odd Fellows, or something 
else. We believe, however, that a ma- 
jority of Baptist preachers dare not de- 
clare the whole counsel of God. But 
fifty or sixty years ago the Baptist min- 

istry as a whole were anti-Masons, and 
most of their churches at that time ex- 
cluded Masons from church fellowship. 

The two following questions have 
sent in by the same correspondent: 

Q. W'hat would be the result were Ma- 
sonry and all other alleged secret or- 
ganizations blotted out of existence? 

E. D. R. 

A. The result would be decidedly ben- 
eficial both to individuals, to families, to 
the church, and to society at large. 

Were secret lodges of all kinds wiped 
out, men would then be more self-reliant, 
there would be less infidelity and scoifhig 
in the world, and evil attractions would 
be reduced to a minimum. Wives and 
children would have the companionship 
and guidance of the husband and father. 
the church in her various departments of 
work would be better sustained, and, in 
short, health, 'holiness and happiness 
would be more thoroughly diffused 
among all classes. 

Q. W%at would be the result were the 
church taken out of the world? 

E. D. R. 

A. The result would be disastrous not 
merely to a portion of the race but to the 
human family at large. Most philan- 
thropic and benevolent enterprises would 
be suddenly at an end, hospitals, asylums 
for the sick and afflicted, reformatory in- 
stitutions of all kinds, all schools, col- 
leges, universities and other institutions 
of learning would soon be closed up, alt 
missionary effort both for home and for- 
eign missions would cease, prayer and 
praise would be hushed, an open Bible, 
the family altar, Sabbath schools, and the 
religious press would be things of the 
past, and society at large would be 
thrown into a condition of chaos too ter- 
rible even to imagine. The church is real- 
ly the preserving influence in the world — 
the salt of the earth, and removing that 
influence, or taking away the salt, would 
bring such corruption and moral rotten- 
ness throughout the whole earth that we 
can have no conception if it. Christen- 
dom is the kingdom of heaven so termed 
in the gospel of Matthew, the true church. 
the one body of whom Christ in glory is 
the heart, is the dwelling place of God 
upon earth, and when the church is taken 
out of the earth, caught up "to meet the 
Lord in the air" (I. Thess. 4) then will 



October, 1899. 

this world become a very hell, anarchy 
will have universal sway, the devil for a 
"short time" will have everything his own 
way, and there will be a time of trouble 
such as has not been from the beginning 
of the world; no, nor never again shall be. 
This is the prophesy of our blessed Lord, 
and this is what the world is hastening 
on to. The removal of secretism would 
be a blessing; the removal of the church 
will bring anarchy in its worst and most 
virulent form, and this earth of ours will 
for a little while be a very hell. How 
foolish, then, and what a display of wilful 
ignorance, on the part of ministers of the 
gospel, to compare Masonry, the Eastern 
Star, Odd Fellowship, or any other alleg- 
ed secret society with the church. 

Q. J. E. Montgomery writes that "he 
has seen it stated somewhere that there 
are thirty-two passages of Scripture from 
which the name of Christ has been wrest- 
ed in order to suit them for the Masonic 
ritual," and asks us to verify and give 

A. There are only two passages to our 
knowledge quoted from the New Testa- 
ment in the Masonic ritual containing the 
name of Christ, and from both His name 
is wilfully excluded. They are I. Peter 
2: 1-5, in the Mark Master's degree, and 
II. Thess. 3: 6, 12, in the Royal Arch de- 
gree. Real symbolic Masonry consists 
of only three degrees, those of the chap- 
ter being mere amplifications of these, 
while the Knights Templar or Command- 
ery degrees are no more Masonry than 
the Mystic Shrine. Quotations from the 
Old Testament, of course, do not contain 
the name of Christ, but whether the Old 
or the New Testament Scriptures be 
quoted in the Masonic ritual, they are al- 
ways garbled so as to fit Masonry and 
viewed from any standpoint must be con- 
sidered in the nature of a burlesque upon 
the truth. 


"A member who has served a term as 
chaplain is eligible to the office of Vice 
Grand, same as any other appointed of- 
ficer." — O. F. Companion. 

We could make a guess at a Grand 
Vice, but what sort of thing is a Vice 
Grand ? 

§bh mt& €tt&0. 

Tommy — "Did you do much fighting 

during the war, pa?" 

Pa — 'T did my share of it, Tommy." 
Tommy — "Did you make the enemy 


Pa — "You're right I did, Tommy." 
Tommy — "Did they catch you, pa?" 

"I've come to see your husband in the 
interest of the Knights of Labor, Mrs. 
Reagan," said a bland, elderly man, as 
the mistress of the Reagan household an- 
swered his ring. "He ain't to home," 
said Mrs. Reagan, with arms akimbo; 
"but I can promise you one thing, sorr, 
and that is, you'll get never a night of 
labor out av Tim Reagan, and it's no use 
tryin'S Sure, and he'd knock off work 
in the daytime if it wasn't for me keepin' 
at him till I'm that wore out there's no 
stren'th lift in me!" 

An old woman, whose husband was ill, 
sent for the doctor. He said : 

"I will send him some medicine, which 
must be taken in a recumbent posture." 

After he had gone the old woman sat 
down, greatly puzzled. "A recumbent 
posture — a recumbent posture !" she kept 
repeating. "I haven't got one." At last 
she thought, "I will go and see if old 
Mrs. Smith has one to lend." Accord- 
ingly she went and said to her neighbor : 

"Have you a recumbent posture to lend 
me to put some medicine in ?" 

Mrs. Smith, who was as ignorant as 
her friend, replied : 

"I had one, but to tell you the truth, I 
have lost it." — Exchange. 

"Well, Uncle Josh," said the chairman 
of the rural agricultural society, "I sup- 
pose we can depend on you for an exhibit 
at our county fair this year ?" 

"I reckon you kin," replied Uncle 
fosh ; "I haint got much in the way uv 
cattle ner horses, but you kin put me 
down fer ther biggest hog in this yer 
county." — Chicago News. 

I shall be content, whatever happens, 
for what God chooses must be better than 
what I can choose. — Epictetus. 

October, 1899. 




Hew were mtb Beform. 

Miss Alice Beam says, through the 
Christian Conservator: "My soul is 
stirred when I see the evil effects the 
ecret lodge has upon the church." 

At the Jacksontown, Ohio, camp meet- 
ing this year in June, Rev. J. S. Demp- 
ster, of the M. E. Church, warned the 
people against secret societies. He said : 
"Lodges are substituted for the church. 
I used to belong to several lodges, but 
since I found Jesus I don't need them. If 
Christians have secret orders they don't 
love Christ. Oddfellowship opposes the 
Holy Ghost. Some preachers sweep a 
lot of Odd Fellows into the church and 
call it a revival. Wesley, Paul and Jesus 
were opposed to secrecy. Did you ever 
see a man converted in an Odd Fellow or 
Masonic lodge ?" Miss Logan, evangel- 
ist at the same camp, said : "What good 
can you find in the lodge that you can- 
not find in Jesus ?" 



mous Filipino painter, Juan Luna. After 
the revolution broke out in 1896, the 
members of the Katipunan could always 
be identified among the dead and pris- 
oners by the scars. 

A symbolic chart was in the possession 
of each member and by that he could find 
the Katipunan lodge in the provinces or 
towns wherever he might be and identify 
himself by means of it. As an example 
of the names borne by the members, Gen- 
eral Ricarte, now in the insurgents' army, 
was known under the name of "Vivora," 
meaning viper, poisonous snake. • The 
present General Pilar, of whom so much 
is heard in the uprising against the 
Americans, is not the Pilar of Katipunan 
fame, though it is generally taken for 
granted he is. The present Pilar as- 
sumed that name some years ago, but his 
characteristics are such as to easily lead 
one to believe that he and the Pilar who 
originated the Katipunan are one and 
the same. — From "Aguinaldo's Capital," 
by Lt.-Col. J. D. Miley, in the September 
Scribner's Magazine. 

In 1894 the formidable and bloody 
Katipunan Society was formed under 
the leadership of Marcelo Hilario del 
Pilar. Its object was to secure the free- 
dom of the Philippines by putting to the 
sword all the Spaniards in the archi- 
pelago. Manila, of course, was the seat of 
the supreme council of the Katipunan, 
and its branches or chapters were estab- 
lished in all the provinces and principal 
towns of the islands. 

Every member, on being initiated into 
the society, received a name by which he 
was always thereafter known to the 
other members, and all were masked. In 
this way no one knew the identity of any- 
other member, and even a man's next- 
door neighbor or his brother or partner 
in business might be seated next to him 
nightly at the Katipunan lodge and he 
would never be the wiser. At initiation 
the new member took a bloody oath and 
subscribed to it by dipping his pen in the 
blood drawn from an incision in his left 
arm. This idea is said to have been de- 
rived from a painting called "Pacto de 
Sangre," executed in Madrid by a fa- 

"A Bridgeport, Conn., daily paper 
says : 'George H. Palmer, of Milwaukee, 
one of the orators at the Scottish Rite 
ceremonies Tuesday night, has the honor 
of being the highest Mason, in rank, in 
the United States. He is the head of the 
Consistory of the Northern and Southern 
Jurisdictions of the United States.' The 
foregoing is correct in every particular 
except it is Henry L. Palmer and he is 
not Grand Commander of the Southern 
Jurisdiction. To Bro. Caswell of Cali- 
fornia, belongs the honor of presiding 
over the Mother Supreme Council of the 

The above from the American Tyler is 
not quite clear. It endorses the state- 
ment that some Mr. Palmer is the high- 
est Mason in r?.nk in the United States, 
though not commander of the Southern 
Jurisdiction ; yet adds the item that Bro. 
Caswell presides over the Mother Su- 
preme Council of the World. Now which 
is the biggest man ? 

"Old Brown won't live long; he has 
one leg in the grate." "You mean one 
leg in the grave." "No, he's going to be 
cremated." — Pick-Me-Up. 















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amount, when selling Grain, Stock, Hay, Cotton, Seeds, Fruits, Butter, Eggs, and other 
kit ids of produce. Also for its exact measurements of Bins, Wagon-beds, Corn-cribs, 
Cord- wood, Cisterns, Tanks, Land, Hay, Stone and numerous other materials. 


Wants it for its useful Tables and short, simple Rules in practical Mensuration, Me- 
chaurical Powers, etc. Also for its easy methods in estimating Engineers', Carpenters'. 
Painters', Plasterers', Bricklayers' and other kinds of mechanical work. 


TV anr it for its time and labor-saving Interest, Percentage, and Trade Discount Tables. 
Also for its marvelously r hort and easy methods for computing Interest, Percentage, 
Profit and Loss, Stocks and Bonds, Trade Discount, Commission, Insurance, Exchange, 
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Need it for its entirely new and only correct Rule and Table for estimating contents of 
Saw Logs; also for its square and cubic measurements of Lumber, Timber, etc. 

Wants it for its many labor-saving Tables in reckoning up Wages, Board, Rent, etc. 
For its Perpetual Calendar, which shows the "Day of the Week" for any date. In fact 


Should have it and keep apace with the age of steam and electricity by becoming 
familiar with its easy and original Rules, Short-Cuts and Up-to-date methods in prac- 
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subscriber to the CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. Any style of Ropp's Commercial 
Calculator will be sent to any subscriber of the CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE at half 
of the above named price if ordered at the time of renewing one's subscription. 



♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦^ ♦♦ 


In selling S, B. Shaw's publica- 
tions. Nearly ONE-HALF MIL- 
LION sold in less than five years. 
No religious books sell faster or do 
more good. Agents are making 
from $20.00 to $30.00 per week. 


(3 lNdF^P 3 



A little girl, 13 years old. made SB7.50 in one day. A crip- 
pled boy made &40 in two weeks. One man made $12.50 in 
one day. Another 831 in one week. Another 8B40 in eight 
clays. Another made $127 in fifteen days and other agents 
have had equal success. It makes little difference whether 
you have had experience' as an agent or not. Fairly pre- 
sented, these books will sell themselves. Everybody will 
want them. 

''Touching Incidents and Remarkable Answers to Prayer" 

has been so widely advertised and has had such a multitude 
of readers, that the reading public already knows its worth. 

The Children's Edition (128 pages), is printed in German 
and English, and illustrated with 42 large cuts. It has had a 
sale of several hundred thousand copies. Price of Children's 
Edition, German and English, (board cover) 35c\ and cloth, 
60c. Post paid. 

•'God's Financial Plan" is a new book. The second edition 
of ten thousand copies is now ready. The first edition of 
twenty thousand copies was published two years ago. 

This book is having the largest sale 
of any Jbook of its kind in this country, 
and is endorsed in the strongest terms 
by the leading religious papers. 

The New York Independent says: "This is a better book 
than 'Coin's Financial School'— better for bankers, tinders, 
farmers, working people, and every one who cares to prosper 
in this world. Tt is based on solid principles; it has the whole 
history of the world back of it, the Bible under it. and is sup- 
ported by examples and instances of which the author gives 
us a few in the volume named above. The doctrine of the 
book is nothing more nor less than the doctrine of the Bible, 
illustrated in the history of men in this world, and enforced 
by it. Mr. Shaw's previous volume, 'Touching' Incidents and 
Remarkable Answers to Prayer.' reached a sale of some 
250,000 copies. This book deserves as great a success. It is a 
capital antidote to the gross and popular commercialism of 
t he t inies." 

"Dying Testimonies of Saved and Unsaved" is also a new 

book; has only been in print a few months, and lias already 
gone through three editions of 25,000 copies. 

We are already selling more "DYING TESTIMONIES' 1 than 
any other publication we handle. 

It contains nearly THREE HUNDRED of the most remark- 
able and authentic death-bed experiences that can be found, 
and is the most complete book of its kind ever published. 

The three above described books are uniform in size and ap- 
pearance, 6x8 inches, and contain 320 pages each; the price 
is the same. 

Paper, price 35 cents, postpaid. 
Cloth, price $1 .OO, postpaid. 
Write at once for terms to agents. 

S. B. SHAW, Publisher, 

Central Union Block, cor. Market and Madison Streets. CHICAGO. ILL. 

Acetylene Generator $6. 

Burner $5. 

Stereopticon $15. 

This outfit costs only $25.00, and 
gives excellent results for country 
school houses, small halls, churches 
and Sunday school rooms. Makes a 
beautiful picture up to 8 or 10 ft. sq. 


Same style as used by I. R. B. Arnold in his 
own exhibitions. Does as fine work as one cost- 
ing $300. Price, with X-size lenses, $75; with 
3^-size lenses, $90. No better Stereopticon made 
at any price. 


A combined Moving Picture Machine and 
Stereopticon. As shown in cut, with >£-size 
lens, $55. With X-size lens, $48. 

Fifty Plain Slides, 

Temperance, Religious, Cuban War and other 
subjects, with printed lecture, $15.00. Colored 
Slides, 65 cents each. 



and Calcium Jet or Electric Lamp, 
$35. Calcium Light Outfit, com- 
plete, for making your own gases, 
reduced to $50. As shown above, 
with all accessories, $85. 

Send Direct to Factory for Catalogue of Slides and Everything Else 

Used in the Stereopticon Business. 

President Stereopticon and Film Exchange, 

No. 108 Franklin Street, 


"God give us men ! A time like this de- 

Strong minds, great hearts, true faith, 
and ready hands; 

Men whom the lust of office does not 
Men whom the spoils of office cannot 

Men who possess opinion and a will ; 
Men who have honor; men who will 
not lie." 

— Holland. 


Short Editorials. . . . 193-194 

The Roman Papacy .195 

A Bible Reading 196 

Secretism Ruins Souls . . .197 

Burial of Washington .198 

Illustration: Purrow Officials .200 

Secret Societies. By H. H. Hinman 200 

Devil Societies in West Africa .202 

Turkey— Secret Lodges. ... 203 

Separation in China 204 

Jesuits and Freemasons One 204 

Obituary— Mrs. M. M. Oarnes 205 

New England Letter. 206 

Editorials 209-213 

Washington on Masonry. 

Washington's Reticence. 

Governor Ritner on Washington. 

Spurious Letters on Washington. 

Keep Your Dues .Paid Up. 

Lodge Morals. 

Out of Place. 

For C. M. A. Members Only. 

Whited Sepulchres. 

Fraternity Without a Lodge. 

Better than Church. 
The Home and Lodge 213-216: 

W. C. T. U. and Eastern Star. 

Secret Temperance Orders. 

News from China. 

Question Drawer 216- 

News of Our Work 217" 

Odds and Ends. , 221 

Newspapers and Reform. 223- 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, Sioux 
Center, Iowa. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— William 
1. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free- 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The- 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook,. 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Salem, Ore.; Rev- 
William Fen ton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B„ 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 


"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



2ii West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second plass 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
ascriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for Thb Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Vim. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

"The betted we know the Bible, the 
plainer God can talk to us." 

"Be sure your sin will find you out." 
Better hand it over to the Lord and let 
him deal with it. 

But little space can be given to the con- 
vention in Tacoma, Washington, but the 
report of Secretary Williams, and also 
the letter' from Rev. S. Matthew will be 
read with, interest. 

The New England Association held its 
annual business meeting on the fourth of 
last month and arrangements were made, 
it is understood, for a convention to be 
held perhaps in December. 

Arrangements are being made with 
Rev. J. R. Wylie to give a month's work 
in Iowa holding meetings, and also about 
the same amount of time in Nebraska. It 
is hoped that a large convention will be 
held in each of these States. 

Director Hitchcock will probably 
spend time in working up conventions 
in Illinois and Wisconsin upon his re- 
turn from Michig*an and Indiana. 

It is hoped that our readers will note 
the good that may possibly be done by 
tracts in Chinese as related by mission- 
aries Wycoff. If funds are sent in for the 
purpose, the tract will be issued. An edu- 
cated Chinese in Chicago has offered to 
make the translation. 

Friends of Michigan will take note of 
a convention to be held in Temperance, 
Monroe County, on November n and 
12. President Blanchard is among the 
speakers advertised for that meeting. Di- 
rector J. M. Hitchcock is visiting as 
many places as possible preceding the 
convention. Let all the friends, who can, 
write him at Temperance and assist the 
work in every way possible. 

A convention in Indiana is partly ar- 
ranged for for the last of November. The 
place of holding it cannot be definitely 
stated at the present time, but it will 
probably be at Huntington. Notice will 
be sent to each subscriber of the Cyno- 
sure when the matter is definitely set- 



November, 1899. 

The report from the Ohio State con- 
vention, which was held in Columbus, 
comes too late for this number. Among 
the speakers were Rev. Dr. Thompson of 
Dayton, Ohio, and Secretary J. P. Stod- 
dard of Boston. 

Secretary W. B. Stoddard will give his 
time to the State of New York during 
the month of November, and he hopes 
to hold a convention before the close of 
the month. Parties desiring to have him 
visit them can write directly to this of- 

The Christian conference to be held at 
Temperance, Monroe County, Michigan, 
Saturday and Sunday, November 1 1 and 
12, will be attended by Mr. J. M. Hitch- 
cock, of Chicago, who is a director of the 
National Christian Association. 

Temperance is the boyhood home of 
Mr. Hitchcock, who promises himself 
much pleasure in meeting and renewing 
old friendships. For his Chicago friends 
who may accompany him he bespeaks a 
hearty welcome among his old neighbors. 


" 'Oddfellowship is all right if its mem- 
bers would only live up to it/ is a sen- 
tence worn threadbare, and yet it is as 
misleading as it is old." * * * "Odd- 
fellowship is right whether its members 

live up to it or not." — "Review, 

quoted in O. F. Companion. 


The Odd Fellows' Companion, Feb- 
ruary, 1899, savs tnat "Most of those who 
join fraternal association" do so "for the 
benefit they may derive therefrom." In 
these organizations are "both financial 
and attentive duties." Slightly misquot- 
ing the text, and rather profanely mis- 
applying it also, we fear, it adds : "The 
admonition to be 'instant in season and 
out of season' is good for the lodge as 
well as the church and should be heeded 
with the same degree of conscientious- 

It is painful to copy the above, but if 
the editor of the Companion sees this, we 
suggest that he turn to the text, notice 
to whom it is addressed, what the exact 

words are, and what the admonition 
means. By the way, does this illustrate 
how secret society matters are "founded 
on the Bible?" 


The contrast between the laying of the 
corner-stone of the Government Build- 
ing, Chicago, on Oct. 9, and that of twen- 
ty-five years ago on a similar occasion in 
the same place must be very pleasing to 
true patriots, whatever it is to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity — an "imperium in im- 

The corner-stone was laid by govern- 
ment officials, Secretaries Gage and 
Smith, Senator Mason and President Mc- 
Kinley taking part in the ceremonies. 

Twenty-five years ago, the Masonic 
fraternity planned a great advertisement 
of themselves. They carried the show 
through, but the protests and criticisms 
in the daily papers left them little gain for 
their effort. 

The total absence of any attempt on 
the part of Masons to lay the present cor- 
ner-stone is one of the signs of the loss in 
public estimation, which the Masonic 
fraternity has suffered. 

"We have no sympathy with those Ma- 
sonic historians who find the origin of 
the Masonic order among the Egyptians, 
or at the building of King Solomon's 
temple. The relations of rulers and their 
people were such as to preclude the or- 
ganization of a society whose central ten- 
ets were universal brotherhood and 
equality. Previous to 1 717, symbolic Ma- 
sonry was from center to circumference 
a Christian cult, and all which now 
stamps it as a pure Deism was then intro- 
duced, changing its philosophy entirely. 
It was due to an eclipse of faith. — From 
Dr. Kinsman's oration at the laying of 
the corner stone of the Columbus'(Ohio) 
Masonic Temple, Aug. 31, 1898. 

The present Grand Lodge Masonry 
was organized in 17 17. After what he 
claims of an earlier Christian character, 
the Doctor yet adds: 

"Free Masonry was revived in 1717, 
new legends were substituted for the old. 
The poetic legend of Bolder, the Sun 
God, disappeared in the invention of 

November, 1899. 





A book entitled' "Romanism Not 
Christianity, " by J. Robert Love, is ad- 
dressed to his compatriots in Bermuda, 
West Indies. It is divided into the in- 
dictment, the testimony, and the verdict. 
The indictment is: Romanism is not pure 
Christianity, not pure mariolatry, not 
pure deism, but a mixture of them all, 
and its chief merit is, it is not pure athe- 
ism. The testimony is arranged under 
five heads. Romanism' was not founded 
by Peter, is not the mistress of all the 
churches, its doctrine of transubstanti- 
tion is not reasonable or scriptural. Its 
doctrine of papal infallibility is absurd 
and blasphemous, and its doctrine of in- 
tentions is unnatural and false. 

The church of Rome is not a true 
church of Christ, but a synagogue of Sa- 
tan. It does not present an intelligent 
message from God to sinful men, but ap- 
peals to the sensuous and superstitious. 
Francis Xavier was certainly the most 
zealous Jesuit ever sent out into the mis- 
sion field. In ten vears he traveled over 
9,000 miles, visited ten kingdoms and 
baptized a million converts. But after 
he was gone no more trace of his work 
could be found than of a ship's path in 
the sea, a few hours after it has passed 
by. Rome depends upon miracles to en- 
force her authority. Two convents in 
Europe claim to have the seamless robe 
worn by our Lord, and that healing vir- 
tue goes out when touched. In 40,000 
monasteries in Europe there are the nails 
driven through the 'hands and feet of Je- 
sus, and the blood still appears — enough 
nails to fill several barrels. There are 
enough crowns of thorns, dripping with 
blood, to fill a large hall. The priests 
perform the miracle of the mass every 
time the host is elevated. • In a village 
near Genoa a priest changed the bread 
and wine with the flesh and blood of 
Christ. Then he drank the cup. But by 
mistake a friend had put prussic acid in 
it. The poison did its work and he died 
in agony, notwithstanding the transub- 

Ever since the first Lateran council 
adopted compulsory celibacy in II23 
Rome has been the mother of harlots. 

On the day thousands of priests were 
compelled to leave their wives widows 
and their children fatherless. In mam 
places priests live with their mistresses. 
The men of the parish are willing to al- 
low this without protest, because their 
wives and daughters are safer. It can- 
not be denied that unwedded priests in 
convents and unmarried nuns in monas- 
teries have often occasioned scandal by 
their unlawful commerce. 

Ever since the dogma of Purgatory 
and Indulgences was adopted by the 
council at Florence in 1438 Rome has 
been a tax-gathering corporation. The 
priests form the taxes after the manner 
of the Roman Pagan Publicans. On the 
walls of cathedrals were pictured the 
flames of purgatory and the bodies of the 
departed tortured in them. Pointing 
their deluded hearers to the picture they 
were told that if they would pay so much 
money their friends would be delivered 
from pain. And so it becomes a gigan- 
tic swindle. It is one of the most wicked 
systems of lying to obtain money that 
was ever invented. Indulgence is the ob- 
verse side of the medal of which purga- 
tory is the reverse side. A price is 
named for each crime, and upon pay- 
ment of the sum a certificate is issued 
authorizing the holder to commit that 
crime, or exculpating him if it is already 
committed. Could anything more Satan- 
ic be conceived of? 

But Rome is chiefly in evidence as a 
political machine. Rev. J. M. King, D. 
D., of New York, has published a book 
entitled, "Facing the Twentieth Cen- 
tury." Out of the 640 pages in the book 
400 pages arc devoted to Politico-Eccle- 
siastical Romanism, and 340 pages to the 
working of the Roman hierarchy in 

In 1469 Ferdinand and Isabella were 
married and the houses of Castile and 
Avignon were united. In 1479 the Span- 
ish Inquisition was instituted. In eigh- 
teen years they burned 10,000 and maim- 
ed and imprisoned 97,000. In 117 years 
they 'banished 700,000. The tortures of 
the examining chamber battle descrip- 
tion. Charles Y. introduced these atro- 
cious barbarities in the Netherlands. 11^ 
son Philip 1 1, sent the Duke of Alva with 
10,000 Spanish soldiers and 2.000 strum- 
pets to destroy the property and morals, 



November, 1899. 

and reap a harvest of death. Spain' sent 
Columbus to discover a new world and 
then imprisoned him. In 15 19 Cortez 
conquered Mexico. In 1521 Pizarro en- 
tered Peru. Soon South America and 
Florida and the Philippines were taken. 
Spain became great. But she crushed 
her people. Her power was taken away, 
and she was driven back to the peninsula. 
Rome is in our land. Yonder in New 
Orleans is a convent that received money 
from the city treasury. The. matter was 
taken into court. It was necessary to 
have the testimony of the mother su- 
perior. But she refused to come on the 
ground that their order — the Camelite — 
did not allow her to leave the building. 
The prosecuting attorney insisted that 
the court require her to come. The judge 
refused. "Why, your honor? She went 
to the city building and received the 
money and signed a receipt for it. Could 
she not come here as well? I ask that she 
be required to come." The judge still 
refused. "W'hy?" asked the attorney. 
"Because I will not." 

A constitutional amendment was to be 
voted upon in New Jersey. Archbishop 
Corrigan of Newark issued a letter to his 
priests requiring them to have their peo- 
ple vote against the amendment and de- 
feat it. Over each letter was written con- 
fidential. One of the priests was a Ger- ' 
man and could not read English much. 
He took the word to mean confide all, 
and thought it meant to tell everybody. 
This he tried to do. A reporter got hold 
of it and published the letter. The amend- 
ment was defeated. The priests smiled. 

In the national campaign of 1884 the 
Republican candidate, James G. Blaine, 
was called upon by 2,000 ministers in the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel. Dr. Burchard 
made the address. In it he used the fa- 
mous alliteration, "Rum, Romanism and 
Rebellion." Mr. Blaine leaned over to 
the chairman, Dr. King, and said: "That 
was an exceedingly unfortunate remark. 
Can't you have the reporters suppress 
it?" He tried, but some of the papers 
printed it. That paragraph of Dr. Bur- 
chard's speech was struck off and dis- 
tributed before every Catholic church 
door. Blaine was defeated. 

The last Republican national conven- 
tion in St. Louis had a plank in the plat- 
form in favor of our public schools. Arch- 

bishop Ireland telegraphed the commit- 
tee from Minnesota to suppress it. They 
did.^ Archbishop Ireland visited the 
White House so often and interviewed 
the President during the Hispano-Amer- 
ican war that it appeared to be as a coun- 

Rome is an immensely wealthy corpo- 
ration and she uses her money to direct 
legislation at Washington. The old en- 
emy of civil and religious liberty is here. 
Let us take heed. 

Boston, Mass. 



The Bible reader observes that I. 
Kings 22, and II. Chron. 28, are almost 
word for work alike. They narrate the 
same strange and startling list of events 
with their tragic termination. It seems 
that the pious and prosperous king of 
Judah, Jehoshaphat, "walked in the ways 
of David his father," and "Sought not 
unto Baalam." Personally 'he renounced 
all the various vagaries of the Egyptian 
calf-worship, and he stood strong among 
his people. It is written, I. Chron. 27, 5, 
"Therefore the Lord established the 
kingdom in the Land of Jehoshaphat, 
and all Judah brought him presents." 

About this time, "Hilkiah, the high 
priest, found the Book of the Law in the 
house of the Lord," and he gave it unto 
Shaphan, the official court reader, who 
read it before the king. "And it came to 
pass, when the king heard the words of 
the Book of the Law that he rent his 
clothes." For 'he saw how God had made 
the first and greatest commandment to 
emphatically condemn idolatry, and 
against such worship as would pacify and 
not purify the human heart. He knew 
from the sad experience of the past nine- 
ty years, since Solomon had introduced 
idolatry into the temple, that the neglect 
of God lay at the foundation of the rend- 
ing of the kingdom, while just across the 
border was the specious idolatry of Jere- 
boam I., whose name never after was 
mentioned save only as "Jehoshaphat, 
the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." 
Then after his twenty horrible years, 
from Nadab to Ahab, through the reign 
of five. kings, matters were not much im- 

November, 1809. 



proved. Ah, what lessons of sin and suf- 
fering and sorrow were those open chap- 
ters before King Jehoshaphat, as he read 
the statements of how "God's anger 
burned hot against Israel," for the false 
and mixed worships of the times. No 
wonder that a sincere heart should be 
stirred to its depths by the sad calamities 
Which seemed ready to beat more se- 
verely than ever in the portending storm. 
"And the king commanded Hilkiah the 
priest . . . saying, Go ye ; inquire of 
the Lord for me, and for the people of 
all Judah, concerning the words of this 
book that is found, for great is the wrath 
of the Lord that is kindled against us, 
because our fathers have not 'hearkened 
unto the words of this book." So Hil- 
kiah and his aids "came to Huldah the 
prophetess, who dwelt in the college in 
Jerusalem, and they communed with her. 
And she said unto them, "And saith the 
Lord, Behold I will bring evil upon this 
place, . . . even all the words of the 
Book of the Law which the king of Ju- 
dah hath read. . . . But to the King 
of Judah shall ye say, Because thine 
heart was tender, and thou hast humbled 
thyself before the Lord, . . . and 'hast 
wept before me. Behold therefore, I will 
gather thee to thy fathers and unto thy 
grave in peace, and thine eye shall not 
see all the evil which I will bring upon 
this place." 

Other teachings are farther along, to 
be noted later, but as far as we have been 
let us notice these lessons. 

(i) A ruler may reverence the law of 
righteousness, and gain immortal fame 
for being honest and fair. See Jehosha- 
phat, and Lincoln, and Dewey at Ma- 
nila, and Roosevelt in the police courts 
of New York. See President McKinley's 
opportunity with the army post canteens. 

(2) God establishes men and their work 
when they do right, and stand like a rock 
in the sea in the evil days. See Giddings, 
and Chase, and Corwin, and Lovejoy, 
and Phillips, and Garrison, and Arthur 
pleading for the oppressed millions in 
schoolhouses and groves, in justices' of- 
fices, in court houses and churches, on 
street corners and everywhere. And God 
saw to it that they should ascend to sta- 
tions of honor and "walk upon the high 
places of the earth." 

(3) It follows as surelv as the night 

follows the day, that there is at this mo- 
ment an unusual opportunity for men 
who oppose the lodge and its false and 
Christless worships; for men who can 
vote as they pray against the saloon; for 
men who can stand like steel-jointed 
giants against the political favoritism and' 
political c'hicanery which shapes the leg- 
islation of States and nation to-day. 

(4) A fourth lesson is that everything 
must square itself with the word of God, 
and stand or fall before its power. Why 
did Ninevah go down, and imperial 
Babylon perish, and Memphis and Heri- 
opolis and Tyre sink into decay? Be- 
cause God said they should. Why were 
they never rebuilt? Because God's word 
said they should not. Did he say so of 
Jerusalem, and Damascus and Cesarea? 
No, and they were. So God's word has 
been proven true by the history of the 
on-going centuries. So the almighty 
spirit of God on earth still works, "cast- 
ing down imaginations, and every high 
thing that exalteth itself against the 
knowledge of God, and bringing into 
captivity every thought to the obedience 
of Christ." 
\ Wheaton, 111., Sept. 11, '99. 


Pueblo, Colo., Oct. 13, 1899. 

On Tuesday morning, October 10, 
1899, at about 2:30 a. m., a young Mr. 
Funk, of Pueblo, Colo., about 33 years 
of age, and a fine business man, and ex- 
treasurer of the city of Pueblo, was mur- 
dered on his way to the depot to go to 
Cripple Creek, where he had mining in- 
terests. He had about $2,500 in money 
on his person, and was evidently going 
to Cripple Creek to pay the men who 
were laboring in the mines. 

He was killed without a moment's 
warning and evidently without any time 
for preparation for death. He was a 
member of several secret fraternities, but 
so far as we can learn was not a member 
of any church. He doubtless was like 
many others who belong to such secret 
societies and boast that their societies 
are even better than the church, when, 
in reality, they are but a counterfeit re- 
ligion, without a mediator, or any one 
who is able to save — as they reject the 
only Mediator between God and man, tfc? 



November, 1899. 

Lord Jesus Christ, who is the way, the 
truth and the life, and without whom no 
man can approach the Father without 
being consumed. 

A good man, who belonged to my 
congregation at Clifton, Ohio, and who 
at one time was a member of two of these 
fraternities, said to me, "However well 
secret societies may do to live by, they 
will not do to die by." These were his 
views before he was a member of the 
church, and before he left these secret 
societies; yet but few men belonging to 
secret societies are so wise and level- 
headed as was this man, and know how 
utterly powerless all secret societies are 
to save the souls of -their members. 

Secret society men generally, we be- 
lieve, belong to that class who, in the day 
of judgment, are represented as saying, 
"Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in 
Thy name, and in Thy name given alms 
to the poor?" To whom He will reply, 
"I never knew you; depart from me, ye 
workers of iniquity." They were self- 
deceived and their souls eternally ruined 
by trusting to the false religion of these 
secret fraternities, which no doubt kept 
them out of the church, and from accept- 
ing Him, who "is the only-wise God, our 

So we could not but feel sad for this 
young man, w'ho was cut down in the 
prime of life without a moment's warn- 
ing, and wholly unprepared, as it seems 
to us, to meet God as his Savior — deluded 
and his soul and ruined by trusting 
to the false religions of the lodges to 
which he belonged. 

Rev. W. A. Campbell. 

"I hope you are not cutting a friend," 
said a neighbor to a farmer who was 
scratching the back of a pet pig with a 
stick. Bristling up with indignation, the 
farmer replied: "No, sir; I'm only scrap- 
ing an acquaintance." 

We once heard a good brother say if he 
were elected Master of a lodge, he would 
never enter a dive or any place of question- 
able repute, as it would be setting a bad ex- 
ample. — Indian Mason. 

Elect him quickly. If only a lot of them 
could be made Worshipful Masters and 
with that understanding, what a reforma- 
tory the Masonic lodge would become. 


The part played by t'he Masonic frater- 
nity at the funeral of Washington was 
small and insignificant when compared 
with their pretensions at the present day. 
They generally make their greatest and 
most impressive s'hows at the funerals of 
their fellow Masons; and if Washington 
was indeed such a great Mason as they 
pretend he was, why did they not make 
a great demonstration over his remains? 
It is, probably, because Washington, 
since the .date of laying the corner-stone 
of the capitol, had come to understand 
more clearly the true character of Mason- 
ry, and had virtually renounced it in his 
sentiments given above. 

French and German Masonry had, in 
the meantime, become known to the 
world as allied with the most abominable 
ideas subversive of all social order as 
well as all just government. These ideas 
were spreading in the United States, and 
were giving Washington, at the period of 
his death, the greatest anxiety and con- 

Popular opinion was becoming 
aroused, even at that early period, against 
secret societies ; and hence the Masons at 

.November, 1899. 



Washington's funeral occupied but .a 
very small space. Instead of thrusting 
their trivial rites and ceremonies upon an 
occasion of such solemn import, they 
were content with a place in rear of the 
mourners, which other speculative trades 
unions might also have had if they chose ; 
yielding the precedence to the military 
and the clergy, to whom it properly be- 
longed. In order that the reader may 
see, and judge for himself, we give the 
following account of the real position oc- 
cupied by Masons at the funeral of 
Washington, whic'h originally appeared 
in a Georgetown paper. It reads as fol- 


Georgetown, Dee. 20, 1799. 

On Wednesday last, the mortal part of 
Washington the Great— the Father of his 
Country and the friend of man, was con- 
signed to the tomb, with solemn honors and 
funeral pomp. 

A multitude of persons assembled, from 
many miles around, at Mount Vernon, the 
choice abode and last residence of the illus- 
trious chief. There were the groves— tjhe 
spacious avenues, the beautiful and sublime 
scenes, the noble mansion— but alas! the au- 
gust inhabitant was now no more. That 
great soul was gone. His mortal part was 
there, indeed; but ah! how affecting! how 
awful the spectacle of such worth and great- 
ness, thus, to mortal eyes, fallen!— Yes! 
fallen! fallen! 

In the long and lofty portico, where oft the 
hero walked in all his glory, now lay the 
shrouded corpse. The countenance still com- 
posed and serene, seemed to depress the dig- 
nity of the spirit which lately dwelt in that 
lifeless form! There those who paid the last 
sad honors to the benefactor of his country, 
took an impressive— a farewell view. 

On the ornament at the head of the coffin, 
was inscribed "Surge ad Judicium"— about 
the middle of the coffin, "Gloria Deo"— and 
on the silver plate, 


Departed this life on the 14th December, 

1799, a el. 68. 

Between three and four o'clock, the sound 
Of artillery from a vessel in the river, firing 
minute guns, awoke afresh our solemn sor- 
row—the corpse was removed— a band of 
music with mournful melody melted the soul 
into all the tenderness of woe. 

The procession was formed and moved on 
in the following Order: 




With arms reversed. 



The G 

eneral's horse w: 

th his saddle, hoi 

Sters, and pistols. 




7 • 1 7 

& !• -a 






Pa 11- 


Masonic Brethren, 

When the procession had arrived at the 
bottom of the elevated lawn, on the bank of 
the Potomac, where the family vault is 
placed, the cavalry halted, the infantry 
marched towards the Mount and formed their 
lines— the clergy, the Masonic brothers, and 
the citizens descended to the vault, and the 
funeral service of the church was performed. 
The firing was repeated from the vessel in 
the river, and the sounds echoed from the 
woods and hills around. 

Three general discharges by the infantry— 
the cavalry and eleven pieces of artillery, 
which lined the banks of the Potomac back 
of the vault, paid the last tribute to the en- 
tombed Commander-in-chief of the armies of 
the United States and to the departed hero. 

The sun was now setting. Alas! the son 
of glory was set forever. No— the name of 
Washington— the American President and 
General— will triumph over Death! The un- 
clouded brightness of his glory will illumin- 
ate the future ages! 

This was evidently no occasion for a 
farce, and hence the. Masons contented 
themselves 'by merely putting' in an ap- 
pearance. There is a solemnity, a pa- 
thos, a simplicity and grandeur in these 
funeral honors to Washington that are 
utterly repellant to those gross, artificial 
displays whidh are usually exhibited at 
Masonic funerals. 

It is one of the rules and landmarks of 
Masonry not to bury tlie dead with Ma- 
sonic honors unless they have expressed 
a wish to that effect. As Washington was 
not buried with such honors, it is fair to 
presume that he made no request to be 
buried in that way. — Geo. J. W. Phelps 
in "Secret Societies, Ancient and Mod- 

(In the Centennial Commemoration of 
the burial of Washington on the 14th of 
next November, for which Masons have 
made such great preparations, they claim 
that they are to reproduce the original 
ceremonies of a century ago. Wait and 
see. — Ed.) 



November, 1899. 

—From the Missionary Monthly. 

The men in the picture have their hats ornamented witn human bones, ;.nl their persons with all 

manner of foolish things. 



The revolt of the native tribes in Sierra 
Leone, West Africa, during the earlier 
months of 1898 was a most unusual 
event. There had often been mutterings 
of discontent, which a wise colonial pol- 
icy had pacified, but there had been no 
such outbreak during the more than one 
hundred years of British occupation. 
The occasion was the imposition of the 
hut tax of five shillings sterling per an- 
num. It had been tried once before and 
had been repealed because of the difficul- 
ty of collection. 

The outbreak began in the newly an- 
nexed territories among the Timnics, 
but soon spread to the Mendis, a war- 
like tribe. In spite of all efforts at sup- 
pression it continued from January to 
October or November, 1898. All na- 
tives who willingly paid the tax were 

massacred. This included about fifteen 
hundred native traders who were loyal 
to the government. A number of white 
missionaries were killed, including five or 
six Americans. The United Brethren 
Missions (American) at Rotefunk and 
Shengay were burned and all the prop- 
erty destroyed. Other missions to the 
north of Sierra Leone were broken up 
and one missionary killed. A large num- 
ber of the natives were killed in battle and 
many villages were burned. The leaders 
of the revolt were finally arrested, and 
quiet was restored, but the hut tax has (I 
think) been repealed. 

What made the revolt possible and 
made it so fierce and terrible, was the 
Secret Purro Society that prevails so 
extensively in all West Africa, and is the 
great civil and religious power in the 
land. It is the Freemasonry of the Af- 
ricans, and like our Freemasonry, it is a 
survival of the Sun worship. That such 
secret orders have sometimes been used 
for good proves nothing in their favor. 

November, 1899. 



They are the Paganism which is reassert- 
ing itself in modern society. 

The Point of View. 

Nothing seems more remarkable than 
the wide difference in the conclusions 
which men draw from the same facts. 
The religious, the political, or national 
standpoint has almost everything to do 
with men's convictions and consequent 

President Kruger of the Transvaal Re- 
public and Mr. Chamberlain, British Sec- 
retary of the Colonies, see the same things 
from widely different standpoints, and 
though equally sincere, are each appar- 
ently engaging in a dreadful war to main- 
tain his convictions. Membership in a 
secret order blinds the eyes to the evil of 
such membership. Nay, more, it makes 
those who are members call evil good and 
good evil, puts light for darkness and 
darkness for light. 

No man can "swear to always hail, ever 
conceal and never reveal" the secrets of 
any order without sacrificing his candor 
and fairness in any discussion of the 
merits of that order. Until he changes 
his point of view, he cannot see its faults, 
and in any discussion of its demerits he 
will necessarily equivocate, dissimulate 
and sometimes affirm what he knows is 
not true. Even good men are liable to be 
led into this unhappy position. This con- 
stitutes one of the manifest evils of the 
secret lodge system. The affiliated mem- 
bers of secret societies are not competent 
witnesses as to the character and influ- 
ence of such societies. For a similar rea- 
son that we exclude a saloon-keeper's 
testimony as to the nature of his calling, 
so (and for even stronger reasons) we 
must exclude an adhering Free Mason 
from the witness stand in- the discussion 
of Freemasonry. This is further evident 
from the fact that Christian seceders 
from the lodge are the most earnest in 
its denunciation and often express the 
utmost astonishment that they had been 
so long blind to its follies and iniquities. 
He who from conscientious conviction 
has seceded from the lodge system has 
come to have a point of view in which he 
can give an unprejudiced as well as an 
intelligent verdict. 

Christian Consistency. 

"He that is unjust in that which is least 
is unjust also in much" (Luke 10: 10). 

"Whosoever shall keep the whole law 
and yet offend in one point is guilty of 
all" (James 2: 10): Why? Because he 
that is consciously unjust in a small mat- 
ter is an unjust man, and because the 
law of God is a unit. It is fulfilled in the 
one word Love, and can no more be 
broken in particulars and held as a rule 
than a chain can be severed in one of its 
links and still hold together. 

There is doubtless a difference in the 
magnitude of sins, if unrepented of, is 
evidenced that the man is a sinner and 
has not been saved by divine grace. 

Christian consistency is a steadfast ad- 
herance to Divine law, not only as a 
general rule, but in every practical detail, 
so far as it is apprehended. A profane 
word, an impure thought or a covetous 
desire, if not repented of any put away, 
as effectively separates the soul from God 
as the act of murder. "He that hateth his 
brother is a murderer and ye know that 
no murderer hath eternal life abiding in 
him" (I. John 3: 15). 

The principle of unity and simplicity 
of Christian character is illustrated by 
this fact that no man can take a glass of 
beer without shutting his mouth as an 
advocate of prohibition or total abstin- 
ance ; and no man can join any secret so- 
ciety without manifest complicity with 
the entire lodge system, for if there is any 
principle at the foundation of our oppo- 
sition to secret societies it is not that 
some secret orders are especially bad and 
dangerous to society, which is true, but 
that secrecy as a basis of any social, re- 
ligious or political organization is un- 
scriptural and out of harmony with the 
law of love. 

It is not the oaths, the ceremonies, or 
any of the details, however bad, to which 
we specially object, but to the secret so- 
ciety system itself as unbenevolent and 
unholy. Want of consistency in the mat- 
ter has been a source of weakness in 
many of those who have exposed this re- 
form. This is seen in every church or- 
ganization that has discriminated be- 
tween the greater and lesser secret so- 
cieties. They have invariably succumbed 
to the lodge powers. This has been espe- 
cially true here in Oberlin. Under th< 
lead of President Finney, the First Con- 
gregational Church adopted a rule ex- 
cluding (after due labor) all adhering 



November, 1899. 

Free Masons. That rule is still on her 
books, though many members of the 
church protest against it. So long as the 
old and steadfast members survive, it will 
remain. To carry a repeal over their 
heads would raise a storm. But the fact 
that other secret orders were not regard- 
ed as under the ban has led to the recep- 
tion of a large number of Odd Fellows, 
Knights of Pythias, and members of the 
G. A. R., which last order includes some 
ministers and theological professors. 
This has weakened and practically si- 
lenced the testimony of this great church. 
For the last year and a half I have not 
heard a word on the subject from the pul- 
pit, and yet the secret lodges are grow- 
ing bold and self-confident. 

That the lodges are encroaching on the 
church and impairing its financial status, 
and sapping its spirituality is quite ob- 
vious to a few; but there seems little 
hope of any awakening to the awful com- 
plicity with this great system of folly and 



In Sierra Leone, on the west coast of 
the dark continent, there are two secret 
societies which until after the late upris- 

ing, have controlled and kept the coun- 
try in darkness. They are called devil so- 
cieties, and rightly so called, for they are 
under the direct control of old Beelzebub, 
the prince of devils. The people in their 

ignorance are honest enough to acknowl- 
edge shim as the head and always call 
them the devil societies. 

Their respective names are Poro and 
Bundoo. Poro is for men and boys only. 
Bundoo is for the weaker sex, and it has 
a woman devil as its leader. Poro is a 
thoroughly organized society, to which 
belong nearly all the men and boys, even, 
over seven or eight years of age. 

Soon after landing in Africa I learned 
that the Poro devil was very much feared. 
And the people generally believed him to 
be a mighty supernatural being, one who 
must be obeyed by all. I asked if I might 
see him. They looked horror-stricken, 
and said, "Oh, no! no! No women ever 
saw the Poro devil." I asked why? "Why, 
missus, you die one time. You — all 
women too weak; no able." (Pointing 
to their heads.) This, of course, increased 
my desire to see the deadly monster. For 
I did not believe that my head was too 

One day I had bright prospects of see- 
ing it. Two men, known as the devil in- 
terpreters, came to the mission and said 
the devil wanted to pass. "All doors and 
windows must be closed." "All women 
and girls must hide." We objected, say- 
ing we could not do so in honor of the 
devil, as this was God's house, and we 
were his people. Quite a palaver was 
held. And they finally turned away in a 
rage, swearing vengeance on us for dis- 
honoring their devil. Yet in their blind- 
ness they confessed that they were not 
able to bring him past unless we closed 
all doors and windows. However, it was 
not long until I heard the most unhar- 
monious and dreadful noise that I had 
ever heard. At the first sound of which 
all men and boys ran toward it, while 
women and girls hid in dispair. I was 
told that the devil had gone over another 
road to the town below, and that they 
were worshiping -him. 

When the boys returned I quizzed 
them concerning Ithe devil, but was not 
able to get the least information con- 
cerning his looks, but was told that he 
was after boys, that he had a very large 
stomach, that he would swallow the boys 
and keep them a long time in his stom- 
ach, but they would pull them out again 
in time. This was not satisfactory to me, 
but I soon gained the following facts 

November, 1899. 



from Christian natives, who were not 
afraid to tell, even at risk of life, what 
they knew of the Poro devil and his fol- 
lowers: Each sub-society has a place 
called the devil bush. This is a secret 
spot in the woods, where they worship 
him, and where the dead are buried 
(provided they are not charged with 
witchcraft). In the center of the bush is 
a clearing, in the midst of which are a 
few huts. This is the "devil's stomach." 
To this place the children are taken to be 
initiated into this secret society. The 
first part of the initiation is a bath in poi- 
son, which causes much suffering and 
often death. Soon as they recover from 
this the work of tattooing begins. This 
takes a long time and also often causes 
death. Rocks, hearts, diamonds and 
other figures are cut with knives into the 
skin. They then apply poison to the 
fresh wounds, causing them to rise in 
ridges, often one-eighth of an inch above 
the surface. 

These painful operations may continue 
one year or more. When this is over and 
they are ready to be "pulled" as they 
call it), they must take the last, or death, 
oath. This is taken at a real cannibal 
feast. One of their number is cruelly 
murdered in the presence of the others. 
The body is cooked, or roasted, and each 
one of the new members receives a piece 
of the flesh with <a bone in it. While they 
pick the bone they swear that they will 
never turn against any one who has the 
devil's mark, or is, in other words, a 
member of Poro. If they prove untrue 
their bones are to be picked by members 
of Poro, just as they pick the bones of 
their companion. They are now greased 
with palm oil, dressed hideously and car- 
ried to their parents, who will give pres- 
ents and worship the devil for bringing 
back their child in safety. Those whose 
boys have been eaten may be sad, but not 
a word must be uttered against the devil. 

There are many degrees in Poro. 
These are known by the arhount and 
kind of tattooing. Those who reach' a 
certain high degree are admitted to the 
devil-ring. In this they have power to 
control as kings in the country, and act 
as devil in turn. All are anxious for this, 
because "they receive presents and are 
worshiped by all men and feared by all 

Having heard all this, I knew better 
how to understand the language of the 
children, "Missus, they do swallow them, 
and keep 'em long, and do pull 'em out 
again." Poor children are forced to go 
into that awful place, "the devil's stom- 
ach," suffer all these things, and must 
live Poro men or die most cruel deaths. 

It was the Poro devil that caused the 
late war in which seven of our American 
missionaries became martyrs. Those of 
us who escaped know how to be thankful 
that the Poro country has fallen into the 
hands of Great Britain. The power of 
the Poro society is believed to be fast 


Time will not permit me to speak in 
detail of the Bondoo society. This I may 
do in the future. 

Oct. 5, 1899. 


Secret Lodges in the Turkish Empire. 


Both the Greek churches and the Mo- 
hammedan are opposed to secret socie- 
ties and do not allow them to exist within 
the pale of their churches. The laws of 
the country make it also very difficult for 
the formation of lodges. No meetings 
can be held in the evening. People must 
be in their homes after dark as the gov- 
ernment is very suspicious of revolution- 
ary movements, and often punishes upon 
mere suspicion, and hence the difficulty 
of organizing secret lodges, for the gov- 
ernment itself forbids them, but still they 

There are two classes of lodges ; the 
most prevalent are religious secret so- 
cieties, which are really sects of the Mo- 
hammedan religion. The members have 
really withdrawn from the worship of 
Mohammed, but they adopt some relative 
of Mohammed as their divinity, and this 
worship being unlawful, drives them to 
secret society organizations, which are 
political as well as religious and hence 
are dangerous to the Turkish govern- 
ment. The other class of secret societies 
is formed by those who have had their 
education in the schools of France and 
Italy, and who have joined the infidel and 



November, 1899. 

atheistic lodges of those countries, and 
they having become infidels, upon their 
return to Turkey have themselves organ- 
ized similar lodges in their own country. 


"Come out from among them and be ye 
separate, saitli the Lord." II. Cor. 6: 17. 

The Misses Grace and Gertrude Wyck- 
off, for the past ten years missionaries in 
China under the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 
and who have again returned to China, 
answered questions at the prayer meet- 
ing, July 27, 1898, in the Wheaton Col- 
lege Church as follows : 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Question— Are the Chinese, among whom 
you labor, members of secret societies? 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff— The Chinese em- 
pire is honey-combed with secret societies. 

Question— When the Chinese profess faith 
in Christ, and desire to unite with the Chris- 
tian Church, do you require them to abandon 
their secret lodges, and if you answer affirm- 
atively, why do you make such a require- 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff— We certainly do 
require them to abandon their secret lodges. 
For as the Chinese say: "It is impossible for 
one foot to be on one boat,and the other on 
another boat, because you would certainly 
fall." Hence it is decidedly a part of the 
requirement, that when they come into the 
church they must leave secret societies. 

In 1878 a great many Chinese came into the 
clnuch on account of the famine relief, who 
did not abandon their secret lodges, and 
these were the cause of much anxiety, and 
some were afterwards expelled from the 

church because they would not leave their 
lodges, or, rather, "they went out from us, 
but they were not of us." (I. John 2: 19.) We 
now have a system of probation so that per- 
sons desiring to come into the church must 
wait three to six months until they satisfy 
us that they have freed themselves from se- 
cret societies and from other idolatrous cus- 
toms. The only reason that they do not come 
out from their secret lodges is that it simply 
means bread and butter in their homes. 

Question — Would a tract in Chinese con- 
taining quotations from the Bible such as : 
"In secret have I said nothing," "Come out 
from among them and be ye separate," "Be 
ye not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers," "Have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness," followed by 
comments upon the relation of Christians to 
secret societies by such men as Moody, Pen- 
tecost, Dr. Goodwin and others — would such 
a tract be helpful in your work? 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff — I think it would 
be. A tract of this kind would certainly be 
very helpful, for anyone of the Chinese who 
is a scholar or who has any education would 
understand the force of these Bible quota- 
tions as requiring his separation from his se- 
cret societies. It would be very helpful. 

The above answers from the mission- 
aries — Misses Wyckoff — is another proof 
that separation from secret societies is. 
the vitally important question of the pres- 
ent time in foreign fields as well as at 
home; and if separation must be taught 
in China so much the more ought minis- 
ters to teach it in America. 


Rev. G. L. Mason, recently a Baptist 
Missionary in China, but now of the 
Christian Catholic Church, called at our 
office a few days ago, and in the course 
of conversation said that Jesuitism and 
Freemasonry are the ruling social forces 
in Shanghai, China. That anyone who 
speaks against either will find himself so- 
cially ostracized. 

The ''Union Church" of Shanghai has 
its members and support from the Euro- 
pean residents of the' city, and it is at- 
tended usually once a day by the mis- 
sionaries of the different denominations, 
and Rev. Mr. Mason said that it usually 
chose a Free Mason for a pastor. He also 
said that there were a number of mis- 
sionaries of different denominations in 
Shanghai who were Free Masons. And 

November, 1800. 



another thing, said he, is very marked in 
every contest in Shanghai for the moral 
welfare of the city the Jesuits and Free 
Masons unite against the right. lie said 
that though these Masonic ministers and 
missionaries did not openly join with 
their Masonic brethren and the Jesuits 
against the moral interests of the city, yet 
by their silence in such contests failed to 
give aid to the cause of righteousness as 
they were in duty bound to do. 

Some three years ago Rev, A. T. Pier- 
son, D. D., editor of the Missionary Re- 
view of the World, said : "At no one 
time during the half century now closing 
have the missions to the heathen been in 
greater peril of utter collapse." No won- 
der that such should be the case as long 
as our missionary societies send out men 
without any question as to their relation 
to Freemasonry, which is a system of 
idolatry in no respect superior to that of 
the Chinese. 

Can there be any discussion of how to 
revive the churches, and to restore them 
to greater spiritual power, and save men 
— can there be any effective discussion 
that refuses to call Christians to a sep- 
aration from secret societies and their 
anti-Christian worship? 

The National Christian Association 
holds that faith in Christ is the sole 
ground of acceptance with God; and that 
grace received by faith is the sole power 
of regeneration. It believes moreover 
that the claims of the various secret so- 
cieties of America to be founded on "the 
great religious doctrine of the Father- 
hood of God and the Brotherhood of 
men" — that all men have God for their 
Father and that all men are brethren in a 
spiritual sense, is another gospel (Gal. I : 
8-9) and marks their altars as idolatrous 
and their worship as anti-Christ. 



"A believer in Jesus" is the inscrip- 
tion which, with her name and the date 
of her birth and death, Ma'ry M. Carnes 
directed to be placed upon a simple stone 

to mark the resting place of her '"dust to 
dust," when "the spirit returned to God 
who gave it." Every life is unique and 
hers was pre-eminently her own. Born in 
Xew England, her girlhood and active 
year's were spent in Michigan, where she 
married and buried her husband, lie- 
fore the primal forests were humbled by 
the woodman's ax or the camp-fires of 
the "Red Rovers" quenched, and with 
few advantages and many discourage- 
ments, she began the struggle which end- 
ed in the early dawn of Sept. 2, 1899, 
when in the 86th year of her pilgrimage, 
without a quiver, she slept out of this into 
the life which is beyond. It was an event 
for which she had longed and earnestly 
prayed, and as I looked into the quiet 
face and recalled the promise, "He giveth 
his beloved sleep," I fancied some loving 
angel had been commissioned to smoothe 
the furrows and brush away the cares of 
more than fourscore years. A few with 
whom she had taken sweet counsel gath- 
ered in our parlor, where Rev. D. B. 
Gunn, a Baptist clergyman, conducted 
appropriate service, in which Rev. H. E. 
Leahlin, Mrs. E. Trask Hill and others 
participated. Twelve who, though not 
of kin, knew and loved her for her worth, 
accompanied the hearse to Cambridge 
cemetery, where, after a hymn and prayer, 
the sacred dust was laid by the side of 
Mrs. Stoddard's parents in lot No. 499, 
where the mortal waits to be clothed 
upon with immortality. Arrangements 
have been made for the perpetual care of 
the grave by the corporation, and it only 
remains to mark the spot by a simple 
stone inscribed as she directed. Her 
sagacity, tact and business integrity were 
rewarded by a goodly measure of success. 
With rare foresight and wise prudence, 
she acted as her own executor. Having 
carefully scrutinized the methods of such 
objects as she wished to help, she gave or 
withheld her beneficence according to her 
own judgment; while in comparative 
health, but conscious that the infirmities 
of age were approaching, she began to 
place her accumulations where, while 
earning a competency for her support, 
they would help to maintain her prin- 
ciples before and after her decease. So 
judiciously and fully did she pursue this 
purpose that in the later years and months 
of her warning strength she was untrou- 



November, 1899. 

bled by fears of litigation or the diversion 
of her means, to purposes foreign and 
possibly antagonistic to her wishes. 
Worcester, Mass, Oct. 16, 1899. 

Mrs. Mary Macomber Carnes, who 
had been a resident of Detroit, Mich., for 
many years, until this present one, died 
at the residence of Rev. J. P. Stoddard 
in the Roxbury district of Boston, Sept. 
26, 1899, and was buried in Cambridge, 
Mass., the 28th. 

Her funeral services were conducted 
by Rev. D. B. Gunn, Vice President of 
the N. E. C. A. His remarks were based 
upon the precious words found in Rev. 
14: 13, "Blessed are the dead who die 
in the Lord, henceforth ; yea, saith the 
spirit, that they may rest from their la- 
bors, and their works do follow them." 
He said, in part, that every fact contained 
in the passage was a verity in the life, 
decease, and future of Mrs. Carnes. She 
was dead, or had passed away from earth, 
as is to be the lot of every member of the 
human family, until Jesus comes. "It is 


appointed unto man once to die," and 
"there is no discharge in that war." She 
died in the Lord ; for she was in the Lord 
and had lived in him many years. 

Such are blessed and supremely hap- 
py possessors <$ ?h? heavenly inheritance 

and glorified with Christ. Blessed in 
their employment, also. No wearing 
toil, earning subsistance by the sweat of 
the face. For such there will also be 
blessed society. First of all, it will be 
Christ. Then all of and only his re- 
deemed people — the blood-washed 
throng. No profane, hypocritical, perse- 
cuting ones — no sinners, wordly institu- 
tions, secret societies, with their "works 
of darkness," to which Mrs. Carnes was 
so conscientiously opposed, and which 
work so much evil in this world. And all 
this from henceforth, from the time of 
every saint's death. No cessation of ex- 
istence. "He that liveth and believeth in 
me shall never die." 

Her works follow. The work and 
benefactions of Mrs. Carnes — her gifts to* 
the National and N. E. C. Associations 
and other good causes, will endure ; and 
their fruit will be gathered in by genera- 
tions following the present one. God has 
the record of all, present and future, and 
when all can be summed up, weighed, 
and measured, then the books will be 
opened and the day of judgment will have 

Mrs. E. Trask Hill, an efficient reform 
worker and intimate acquaintance of 
Mrs. Carnes, made a few appropriate re- 
marks, as did also Rev. J. P. Stoddard. 

lew ttt0l<mD fetter. 


Dewey Day. 

Vacation days are over, but God's 
word, whether sounding out in the eter- 
nal monotone of ocean or graven on the 
living rocks, cannot pass away. As we 
set our faces once more toward the busy 
season, and feel again duty's imperative 
pressure, happy are they to whom the in- 
spiration of mountain and sea are among' 
"the things that remain." 

The dear face of "Mother Carnes" was 
not here to welcome me on my return, 
but her memory abides, and our cause is- 
richer to-day for another saintly soul 
gathered to that great cloud of witnesses, 
who are watching us fight the good fight 
of faith, and though far removed from. 

November, 1809. 



this earthly sphere, may still continue to 
be in ways of which our gross earthly 
senses are not cognizant, "helpers to- 
gether with us." 

Meanwhile we are plainly under the 
dominion of things visible and temporal. 
This is "Dewey day," and it would al- 
most seem as if the multitudes who are 
snouting themselves hoarse for the victor 
of Manila Bay had no thought beyond 
the human instrument, and were gone 
mad with hero worship. But as Carlyle 
has consolingly observed, even hero wor- 
ship "is an everlasting hope for the man- 
agement of the world," and surely there 
was never a popular idol more modest, 
less guileful, seemingly, or pretentious. 
Though at the Montpelier celebration the 
Masons, Odd Fellows and Foresters were 
out in force, besides the largest number 
of Knights Templar ever seen in a Ver- 
mont parade, with the exception of the 
Grand Army, the secret societies in the 
make-up of the Boston program were 
conspicuous only by their absence. From 
this it may be inferred that though the 
admiral is a Mason, he is not a very en- 
thusiastic one, but then, his name, like 
Washington's, will do for the lodge to 
conjure by. At the same time it is doubt- 
ful whether the small presidential boom 
which has been started for him in some 
quarters is likely to assume any great 
proportions. The lodge has more of a 
mortgage on Mc Kinky, judging from 
appearances, than on Dewey, and would 
gain little by an exchange. 

The manner in which the nation's chief 
executive was initiated into a Confederate 
lodge less than three months after the 
war closed has some parallel in the expe- 
rience of Dr. Lorimer. The pastor of 
Tremont Temple, while serving as chap- 
lain of a Union regiment, was — so it is 
said — created a Knight Templar under a 
flag of truce, and drank wine from a hu- 
man skull in unholy communion with 
men who were fighting to divide the na- 
tion and perpetuate slavery. The author- 
ity for this statement does not come from 
an anti-secret source, but is made on the 
authority of Masonry's leading organ, 
the Tyler, of July 15. 

Benefit Order Makes a Startling Discovery. 

We have not heard much about the 
beneficiary organizations of late, but a 
few of these fraudulent concerns sur- 

vived the nipping frost that overtook 
them in Massachusetts some few years 
ago. One of these orders lately made the 
astonishing discovery that members 
holding certificates which entitled their 
heirs to $5,000 benefits showed a larger 
death rate than the members who held 
but $2,000 certificates. This was cer- 
tainly a peculiar circumstance, and could 
be explained only in two ways: Either 
expectant heirs had hastened the taking 
off of their relatives or the officers of the 
association had allowed themselves to be 
imposed upou 'by bogus death certifi- 
cates. The remedy propsed was to cut 
off the benefit from five to two thousand 
dollars for members over forty-five years 
old, and it was thought this would check 
the excessive mortality rate. 

»«m Masonry and Our Public FchooTs. 

Boston women put themselves on rec- 
ord in 1888 against sectarianism in the 
public schools. The influence of Mason- 
ry is not less dangerous because it is 
more veiled and insidious. If facts were 
known it might be found to be quite as 
potent an agent for their demoralization 
as the hidden hand of the Jesuit. 

One of our anti-secret workers lately 
called on the principal of a high school 
with a copy of Prize Essays, but did not 
find him in sympathy with the idea that 
membership in secret societies is neces- 
sarily subversive of good citizenship. On 
the contrary, he believed them to be of 
decided benefit in many cases, and men- 
tioned that he himself belonged to two 
secret college fraternities. 

"Have you found them of any help?" 
she inquired. 

"Certainly," was the answer; "I have 
got good positions through these frater- 
nities when I had to compete with other 
applicants better qualified than myself." 

And yet this man, like many others 
who secure appointments in a similar 
way, but may not be as frank to admit it, 
was curiously obtuse to the fact that such 
favoritism is as plainly in violation of all 
good citizenship as it is demoralizing to 
the best interests of the schools. Every 
year the hand of Masonry is growing 
more prominent in educational matters. 
During the fall campaign in the city a 
year ago strenuous efforts were made to 
elect certain men on the school board, 
merely on the strength of their secret so- 




November, 1899. 

ciety record. It is largely through the 
help of Masonry that politicians of a cer- 
tain stripe are able to control public 
school appointments, making them the 
reward, not of merit, but of political ser- 
vice. Then the short-sighted voter won- 
ders at the deterioration of our public 

In a town in Western Massachusetts 
not long ago the contest for the principal- 
ship of a certain high school lay between 
two men, one of whom was much inferior 
to the other in character and general ac- 
quirement. But the latter got the place, 
and the reason leaked out when a Ma- 
sonic committeeman acknowledged the 
inferiority of the successful candidate, 
but said in apology, "He was a Mason, 
so was I, and of course I 'had to vote for 

This means not only a lowered educa- 
tional standard but a general debasement 
of morals, for no one can reasonably look 
for high ethical teachings from instruct- 
ors who unblushingly admit that they 
hold their positions not by merit but 
through lodge favoritism. 

Masonry and Rome. 

The music hall lectures, which have 
been a regular Sabbath afternoon feature 
of the Hub for a decade, are now held in 
Berkeley Temple. The manner in which 
these so-called "patriotic meetings" are 
conducted have not always been free 
from objection, but a stranger who has 
never attended one can hardly boast of 
having seen all of Boston's sights. Many 
false and foolish things have been said on 
its platform during these ten years, but 
also many wise and true things. It has 
had pigmies for speakers and — giants; 
among the latter men like Dr. Robertson 
of Glasgow, Scotland; Dr. L. T. Town- 
send, now of Baltimore, and our own Dr. 
J. M. Foster was the lecturer last Sunday, 
and delivered a grand address on "The 
Downfall of the Papacy." None who 
have heard him need be told that he has 
few equals and no superiors in his grasp 
of historical facts, or can marshal them 
with more logical precision or more ac- 
curacy of application to present day prob- 

It takes some grit as well as grace to 
stand firm and not be carried off one's 
feet, metaphorically speaking, by the 
present craze for expansion; in other 

words, for making this country the exact 
opposite of a free republic, an empire 
with vast colonial possessions, which 
must necessarily, having lost all the 
moral prestige which belonged to it in 
democratic days, back up its power by 
the sword. But our clearest thinkers are 
beginning to see where these things are 
tending. Everything shows that our Ma- 
sonic government has made a compact 
with Rome and is actually spending the 
blood and treasure of the American peo- 
ple to rivet anew the chains of priestly 
tyranny on men who are struggling to 
cast them off. Masonry and Rome have 
joined hands in unholy league to belittle 
the republican principles so dear to our 
forefathers, and fool the nation into 
thinking it has outgrown them. They 
are not only beginning to see this, but 
they are beginning to speak out, Wit- 
ness the following paragraph from Rev. 
Dr. King's new book, "Facing the Twen- 
tieth Century." 

"Rome enters Masonry for political 
purposes, despite the papal condemna- 
tion of the institution, relaxing its grip on 
its adherents when the occasion seems to 
require it, as the Propaganda Fide re- 
cently did in a decree permitting priests 
to officiate at the funerals of Roman 
Catholic members of the Masonic body, 
'in case the dead Mason was not openly 
hostile to the church.' " 

Masonry and Jesuitism are now play- 
ing, a game for higher stakes than in the 
days of the Stuarts, and it behooves anti- 
secretists of all men to keep well posted 
on every move of the enemy. I notice 
that one of Masonry's leading lights, J. 
H. Drummond, of Maine, says that "the 
Mason of the present day does not read 
enough." There are anti-Masons to 
whom the same stricture may apply. God 
is moving wonderfully among the nations , 
of the earth, and all signs point to a time 
of desperate conflict when the enemy 
will make his final move. The Lord does 
not need the help of numbers to circum^ 
vent this "last great conspiracy," only a 
faithful few who will keep their eyes 
open, and sound fearlessly the note of 

In your order remember that a single 
ray of pure light is more penetrating 
than a whole night of darkness. — Loyal 

November, 1899. 





Readers of this number of the Cyno- 
sure are referred to the two numbers pre- 
ceding, issued in September and Octo- 
ber, for the words of Washington on 
the subject of Freemasonry. Both num- 
bers contain matter intended to furnish 
substantial information adapted to en- 
able a reader to judge soundly of the 
Masonic demonstration planned for the 
Centennial anniversary of Washington's 
<leath, on Dec. 14 next. 

More than one thing throwing light on 
Washington's opinion of Masonry, his 
relation to it and his treatment of it, can 
~be found in those two numbers. 


When asked by his aide-de-camp, 
Trumbull, Washington declined to advise 
him to become a Mason. In this he was 
not wholly unlike Franklin, who when 
his nephew applied in the same way to 
liim, answered: "One fool in the familv 
is enough." Washington's successor in 
the Presidency, John Adams, was kept 
out of Masonry by the perhaps less re- 
ticient advice of a leading Mason. Chief 
Justice Marshall, who had been a Mason, 
said more outspokenly that the institu- 
tion ''ought to be abandoned." 

He declared it capable of much evil, 
and even Washington went so far as to 
say that it could be used for the worst 


The approach of the time when Ma- 
sons will try to make capital out of the 
name of Washington by availing them- 
selves of the opportunity to celebrate the 
centennial anniversary of his death (Dec. 
14, 1899) makes this a time to speak with 
peculiar warrant of the importance of 
reading or circulating the report of a 
Governor of Pennsylvania to the State 
Legislature, which relates to Freema- 
sonry and General Washington. 

This public document is reprinted in 
a pamphlet entitled "General Washing- 

ton opposed to secret societies," and will 
be mailed by the National Christian As- 
sociation on receipt of a postal note for 
ten cents. 

It was prepared by Governor Ritner 
in response to a written request signed 
by a committee of five appointed by the 
Pennsylvania Legislature to solicit his 
authority for matter relating to General 
Washington, which he had embodied in 
a recent message to the House. It con- 
tains considerable matter derived from 
Masons and lodge records, from men who 
had been Masons, and from men of great 
prominence in American history. It 
shows the opinion not only of Washing- 
ton but also of other eminent men of 
early times. It is small enough to have 
the convenience of a compendium, yet at 
the same time is the respository of a va- 
riety and volume of historic and bi- 
ographical information, which makes it 
a treasury and cyclopedia of reference 
matter. It should be read, not to say 
studied, by those who venerate the 
Father of his country, and are jealous for 
his honorable fame. 


Chief Justice Marshall was not alone 
in being obliged to defend himself by re- 
pudiating language attributed to him. 
Referring to words quoted from him in 
praise of Freemasonry he declared: "I 
never did utter the words ascribed to me, 
nor any other words importing the senti- 
ment they convey." As if to make as- 
surance doubly sure he proceeded: "I 

never did say " and quoted the very 

words in question. 

We know upon evidence that is con- 
clusive that we have one letter from 
Washington relating to Freemasonry. 

A correct copy of it can be found 
among the letters printed in Prof. Spark's 
life of Washington, in Gov. Ritner's spe- 
cially requested communication to the 
Legislature of Pennsylvania (reprinted 
by Ezra A. Cook and sold by the N. C, 
A.), and in the September number of the 

But certain letters attributed to him 
are believed upon external and internal 
evidence to be spurious. 

If it be doubted whether the use of 
fictitious letters would be ventured, we 



November, 1899. 

may refer to the absurd statements made, 
not only just after his death but even be- 
fore, concerning his relations to Free- 
masonry. What others said can by no 
means be made to agree with what is 
found in lodge records, and what he as- 
serted over his own signature. 

But the doubt whether so bold a meas- 
ure can have been undertaken is fully set 
at rest by what is otherwise known to 
have actually happened. For political 
purposes forged letters were published 
during his lifetime. 

In a letter to Qen. Lee dated May 25, 
1778, he says : "These letters are written 
with a great deal of art. The intermix- 
ture of so many family circumstances 
(which, by the way, want foundation in 
truth), gives an air of plausibility which 
renders the villainy greater; as the 
whole is a contrivance for the mo£t dia- 
bolical purposes. Who the author of 
them is I know not. From information 
or acquaintance, he must have had some 
knowledge of the component parts of my 
family ; but he has most egregiously mis- 
taken facts in several instances." 

The British published such letters in 
1776, claiming to have found them in a 
small portmanteau left in the care of a 
servant of Washington taken prisoner at 
Fort Lee. For party purposes they were 
republished near the close of his presi- 
dency. He did not leave the chair with- 
out a communication to the Secretary of 
State concerning them, in which he said : 
"But as I cannot know how soon a more 
serious event may follow that which will 
this day take place, I have thought it a 
duty that I owed to myself, to my coun- 
try, and to truth, now to detail the cir- 
cumstances above recited, and to add my 
solemn declaration that the letters herein 
described are a base forgery, and that 
I never saw or heard of them until they 
appeared in print. The present letter I 
commit to your care, and desire it may 
be deposited in the office of the Depart- 
ment of State as a testimony of the truth 
to the present generation and to pos- 

If what he thus describes could be 
printed during his lifetime when he could 
disavow the alleged authorship, and if 
we have his authenticated repudiation of 
his alleged relation to Freemasonry, to- 

gether with agreeing lodge record, and if 
we know that Masonic allegations have 
been made and published which contra- 
dict his own verified words, we cannot 
doubt that after his lips were silent in. 
death it was possible for so unreliable a 
source as the Masonic lodge to issue- 
from its darkness spurious documents 
that, like other well-known allegations, 
would deal unsparingly with the name- 
and fame of Washington. 

The committee on the "proposed arrange- 
ments for the memorial observance of the 
centennial anniversary of the death of Wor- 
shipful George Washington" reported prog- 
ress, and it now appears that all the Grand, 
Lodges will join in that observance.— G. L. 
Report, Voice of Masonry. 

That observance will be December 14, 
1899. Washington is called Worshipful; 
as if a master of a lodge, though when he 
found that a correspondent so regarded 
him he called it an "error," and declared 
that he presided "over none," and for 
thirty years had not been in a lodge 
"more than once or twice." 

He wrote this a little more than a year 
before he died. 


A short time since a member of the Odd? 
Fellows' General Relief Committee was no- 
tified that a brother of the order was lying 
ill of typhoid fever at a certain residence in> 
this city. As was his duty, he hastened, 
thither to see what service he could render. 
The wife of the sufferer admitted him to the- 
sick room. On being informed of the object 
of the visit, the sick man said, regretfully 
that he had no claims upon the order; he 
had formerly been a member in a distant 
State, but had dropped out through the too 
often used door, non-payment of dues. 

% % * =!< * * * * 

The moral to this little incident is this: 
Keep your dues paid up; you have no posi- 
tive guarantee of health, and do not know 
how soon or under what circumstances you 
may sorely need the attentive or pecuniary 
ministrations of the brotherhood.— California 
Odd Fellow, copied in Odd Fellows' Compan- 
ion, October, 1898. 

Will the choir please sing the hymn 
containing "If love be wanting I am 
found, like tinkling brass, an empty 

You are aware that in the lodge it is 

Novemiber, 1899. 



customary to make use of the parable of 
the Good Samaritan, carefully avoiding, 
of course, all reference to its author and 
to its original purpose and application. 

Thus we understand the degree to be 
founded on the Bible. 

Let us endeavor to paraphrase, or imi- 
tate, in our humble way, the narrative 
:ited in the lodge that we may see how 
beautifully this parable is disposed of in 
:he sublime charity of our noble order. 

A certain man went down to California 
ind fell into a typhoid fever. And by 
chance a certain financial officer came 
ind looked on him, and turned and pass- 
id away. "CaMs were also made by other 
nembers of the relief committee," who 
:ame where he was and passed on. "It is 
nore than probable that the suspended 
)rother will seek reinstatement." 

Go and do thou likewise. Thus wilt 
hou be solid with priest or levite or Odd 
"ellow, in case there happens to come no 
jood Samaritan. 


It is claimed that the lodge teaches 
norality, but it sadly needs to be shown 
hat lodges make men moral. We shall 
:nter into no extended discussion of 
pat ought to be called morals, or what 
institutes moral teaching, or what sort 
>f life bears the tests of morality. Such 
hings can be studied elsewhere. In 
iCtual practice the lodge is found con- 
lected with major and minor vices, or 
yhat many account such. 

Swearing, drinking, card-playing, 
moking, theater-going, dancing and 
ewdness are well recognized adjuncts of 
uch organizations. A triennial con- 
lave is a carnival. Banquets and card 
arties are common, and temperance has 
trong limitations. 

If the system were really a moral sys- 
2m its devotees would be moral, or at 
iast the organization would require an 
utward show of morality. By their 
kits ye shall know them. 


by ministers within the sacred walls of a 
Christian church. There are several 
reasons why such ornaments, if they can 
be so called, are out of place. 

For one thing they represent false and 
anti-Christian doctrine and morals. They 
are a badge of antagonism to whatever 
is naturally and legitimately present in 
a church. 

They are adapted to disturb Christian 
fellowship and confidence. They are li- 
able to be noticed by persons who either 
through having been in the lodge or else 
in some other way understand them and 
know their meaning. 

They are in danger of being stumbling 
blocks to souls that should be led to 
Christ. A sinner who has himself been 
in the lodge, has learned the principles of 
Masonry respecting morals and religion, 
has heard the profanity and obscenity,, 
shared or observed the gaming and de- 
bauchery, known the wickedness toler- 
ated and the vice perpetrated, should not 
on turning to the door of a church meet 
at the threshold suggestions of the sin 
and error from which he has come. He 
should not be impressed there that Chris- 
tians are hypocrites. 


The square and compass, the keystone 
nd the cross of Malta are sometimes 
r orn by professing Christians, and even 

The Grand Secretary has an idea that if 
every member of the C. M.. A. could see one- 
of the C. M. A. caps, he would want it; fur- 
thermore, he wants to see every member the 
possessor of one, therefore has decided to- 
sell them so cheaply that price, at any rate, 
will not stand in the way of possession. 

The cap is made of navy blue cloth, fade- 
less, durable, and soft as silk, warmly and 
handsomely lined, bicycle style. Across the 
front, in bright gold, are the three letters. (\ 
M. A. The caps are to be sold at 50 Cents 
apiece, postage paid. The embroidery alone, 
on the letters, which is done in good gold bid- 
lion, is worth more than the money asked — 
but then, we want the boys to have the caps 
so that they can show their colors at all times 
and in all places, it is a good advertisement 
tor the C. M. A., and the cap alone would cost 
you $1 in the local stores. And size, from {>■'■[ 
to 7%. State your size when you order, en- 
close 50 cents, and the can is delivered to 
von. postage paid.— The Star. 

The same number of the Star discusse- 
a uniform and the formation of a uniform 
rank for lodges of boys, with the Knights 
of Pythias drill. The C. M. A. gets a 



November, 1899. 

great amount of money from boys, and 
we judge that by this time Mr. Best must 
have become rich. The Star reports thir- 
ty-six lodges organized since its last is- 
sue. It claims to circulate 75,000 copies 
monthly, and its advertising rate is net 
.40 cents an agate line per issue. 

But what does all this mean for the 
present and future life of the boys who 
;are truly the coming men of America? 


Every little while we learn of some doughty 
fellow who assumes to write "Rev." in front 
•of his name getting up before an audience 
.•and hurling his feeble anathemas at secret 
societies. The Masonic fraternity is the one 
that comes in for the most severe denuncia- 
tions, but we have yet to learn of any in- 
stance wherein these brawlers have made an 
impression, except upon such as have al- 
ready, through their church affiliations, re- 
solved that secretism is a crime and should 
be suppressed. These fellows seek out Lu- 
therans, TJ. B.'s, United Presbyterians, and 
such ilk, before whom to deliver their 
•diatribes. The invariable "penny collection" 
follows. It is this latter in which they are 
most interested, more so than for "the love 
•of Christ." They are usually men who can- 
not sustain a lengthened service to a con- 
gregation, but having learned a lesson for 
the hour, they pour forth their oft-repeated 
innuendoes and falsehoods for the expected 
nickels. They don't mention the relief of 
the sick, the burial of the dead, the help ex- 
tended to the orphan, or any of the many 
benefices scattered broadcast over the land. 
"Their cry is that its work is secret, done be- 
hind guarded doors, and not cried from the 
housetops, and these miserable charlatans 
are not permitted to be partakers in its 
benefits. They are "whited sepulchers," of 
whom the Christ, they profess to adore has 
uttered the most scathing denunciations.— 
Odd Fellows' Companion, October, 1898. 

This sweet-spirited criticism seems 
rather unfortunate in its heading, for 
when attempts to whitewash the lodge 
for the sake of outside appearance are 
suggested, with things hidden inside, the 
mind is apt to rest on the lodge rather 
than on rhose servants of Him who first 
condemned "whited sepulchres." 

We do not know what "doughty fel- 
low hurling anathemas" may have "as- 
sumed" the title Rev. Give him the credit 
at least of not having called himself No- 
ble Grand Supreme Illustrious Rev. 

There are a few speakers on the subject 
who, being regularly ordained ministers, 
are addressed as Rev., and who, if they 
should have occasion to recognize the ti- 
tle, could not be said to "assume" it. 

As to the construction put upon the 
motives of the "fellows" denounced by 
the Companion, we have this to say: 
Such imputations put upon honest Chris- 
tian men working in a reform would be 
slanders. As for any reason why even 
"miserable charlatans" may not be par- 
takers of such benefits as may be offered 
by a lodge, the charge needs explaining. 
But it is evident that something is hit, for 
it squirms and hisses. 


In one of our fraternal orders the manage- 
ment is confronted with a case as follows: 
A member of eleven years' standing died 
suddenly with one assessment unpaid. He 
had drifted into the habit of not paying until 
late in the next month, thus really being 
insured but a small part of the time. He 
was a jolly good fellow, very popular with 
his fellow members, but just careless and 
unbusinesslike. The records of the lodge 
show him to have died suspended. By the 
laws of the order, of course, it cannot legally 
pay his family, consisting of a devoted wife 
and six children, anything. The local lodge, 
in its friendship, is making most fierce de- 
mands for payment of something, even 
threatening to withdraw. The managing 
board is sympathetic and would like to help 
the family, but their oath is recorded to obey 
the laws of the order. The only safe plan is 
for a member to pay his assessments prompt- 
ly.— Exchange. 

There is no provision for a worthy 
brother, regular in attendance, whose cir- 
cumstances are such that justice to his 
family will not permit him to pay quar- 
terly dues. Because of poverty a brother 
i9 ostracised and classed among crimi- 
nals." — R. A. correspondence report, 

"A friend loveth at all times, and a 
brother is born for adversity." — Prov- 
erbs 16: 17. 


Fraternity without a lodge is like a church 
and organ without a congregation and choir, 
like a stove without fire, like a home with- 
out wife and children. In fact fraternity 

Noiveanber, 1899. 



without a lodge is a misnomer— it is a shell, 
a fake. When you dispense with the lodge 
room and take fraternity out on the street 
like a common thing, she will at first hide 
her face in shame and then freeze to death 
from the coldness of those around her. In 
the lodge room fraternity is in the hands of 
her friends. There she is revered and loved, 
and the spirit that she instills and inculcates 
into those who make her acquaintance is 
making the world better and happier. He is 
a common enemy, not only to the society but 
to the community as well, who would at- 
tempt to bar the doors of the lodge room.— 
Bee Hive, copied in Odd Fellows' Companion. 

We have heard that it was a cold 
world. It is pretty cold in the lodge, 
too, if your dues are unpaid. 


We believe that the principles of Oddfel- 
lowship, worked out in their fullness, are 
the best ever devised to promote man's hap- 
piness in this life and advance him to higher 
planes in the life to come. The sublime les- 
sons on the immortality of the soul, which the 
ritual of Oddfellowship teaches in so forci- 
ble a manner, should sink deep into the heart 
of every member of our fraternity and be the 
mainspring to all his actions. — Lodge Record, 
May 20, 1898, Watertown, N. Y. 

"Best ever devised;" "higher planes in 
the life to come." What do you Christian 
ministers say to the plan of preaching 
next Sabbath on Satan's counterfeit 
church — Oddfellowship ; and of warning 
your 'hearers to "come out from among 

Several of our fraternal exchanges are ad- 
vocating the plan of having all official bonds 
supplied by a surety company. If officers 
were bonded in that way, and occasion should 
arise, a lodge Avould not hesitate to push col- 
lections under the terms of the bond.— Col- 
orado Odd Fellow, copied in Odd Fellows' 

Don't those famous three links consti- 
tute a bond that is unsurpassed? 

"In spite of innovations which would be 
wrought in our system by false teachers, true 
Freemasonry is and ever has been universal. 
Primitive man sought to know his Divine 
maker and worshiped him in symbolism. 
The sun was to him a symbol of Deity."— 
Grand Orator of the Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois, Oct. 5, 1898. 

"Prirnitive man" cultivating "true 

Freemasonry," to whom the sun he wor- 
shiped was a symbol of Deity, could not v 
since "true Freemasonry of this sort'* 
ever has been universal," hold it as 
founded on the Bible" before the Bible 
was written. There was paganism long' 
before it was condemned by the prophets 
and before their Scriptures were written. 
Under this showing by the Grand Oro- 
tor of a Grand Lodge "true Freemason- 
ry" is obviously true Paganism. "Inno- 
vation desired" by "false teachers" may 
be guessed at. Some Christian Masons 
have desired to innovate, and their pre- 
sumption has been Masonically con- 

He lome anil ttje Johqt 


"He that walketh in darkness knoweth not 

whither he goeth." John 12: 35. 


Since our last Cynosure went to press 
two important W. C. T. U. conventions 
have been held in Illinois, the Eighth 
District meeting in Sycamore, and the 
State convention in Hoopeston. 

The Sycamore convention, which last- 
ed three days, was characterized by an 
earnest, cheerful, prayerful spirit. 

Several city pastors attended and par- 
ticipated in the meetings, and the Mayor 
of the city made an excellent address of 

The report of the committee on reso- 
lutions was considered seriatim and 
adopted without a dissenting voice. The 
three resolutions given below will show 
the tenor and importance of the report : 

"Resolved, That the Eighth District W. C. 
T. U. put themselves on record as being op- 
posed to the desecration of the Christian 
Sabbath in every form, such as the Sunday 
newspaper, Sunday travel and Sunday traf- 

"Resolved, That the annulling of the act of 
Congress, known as 'The Anti-Canteen Law.' 
by our United States Attorney General, at 
the suggestion of the attorney of the Liquor 
Dealers' Association, is a foul blot on our 
national record." 

"Resolved, That secret oath-bound societies 
which pledge their members to protect lodge 
brothers from penalty when guilty of critu- 



November, 1899. 

inal acts, may be used to protect the liquor 
business, and are a meance to Christianity 
and free government." 

The District Superintendent of en- 
forcement of law said, while giving her 
annual report, that a Christian gentle- 
man, a deacon of a Congregational 
church, who was making out a list, of 
liquor cases to be tried before the Grand 
Jury, would not report five cases (which 
she afterwards reported hersel), because 
the three saloonkeepers and two res- 
taurant-keepers who had violated law, 
belonged to the same Masonic lodge 
with himself! 

Eastern Star. 

We are indebted to the Chicago Inter 
Ocean for the information that at the 
same time that the annual State W. C. T. 
U. was in session in Hoopeston, the 
Grand Chapter, Illinois Order of the 
Eastern Star, a thousand strong, was in 
session in the Masonic Temple in Chi- 
cago. There are, it is claimed, four hun- 
dred chapters in Illinois, with a member- 
ship of over twenty-three thousand. 

This order was started in 1870, and so 
is a few years older than the W. C. T. U., 
but while both societies are composed, 
for the most part, of women, and the se- 
cret order has probably more members 
in this country than the other, how differ- 
ent are the moral effects produced by 
these two institutions! 

The one exerts a clear, constant, posi- 
tive influence for what is pure and good. 
In spite of the mistakes which attend hu- 
man effort, it seems apparent that this 
movement was inspired of God. 

The secret order, on the other hand, 
like the dense fog rolling landward from 
the sea, envelopes and chills and confuses 
all; and even puts a barrier between those 
who walk hand in hand! 

Only a few weeks since a woman who 
had been for several years secretary of an 
O. E. S. chapter, assured me in all sin- 
cerity that there is positively no secrets 
about the order except little passwords 
"to keep out intruders." That "any one 
ought know what was done in the lodge, 
and even read the ritual." 

But why would those men and women 
whom even lodge women love and re- 
spect, but who dare not ignore Christ's 
example, who ever "spake openly" — Why 
should these be "intruders." 

If thousands throng the churches 

Who do not belong we rejoice. If multi- 
tudes crowd temperance meetings nc 
questions are asked as to membership. 
People may even attend the meetings ol 
the Senate, of a city council, or a schoo' 
board, who, in a sense, have no business 
there — that is, "have no right to speak 01 
participate in any way — and if quiet and 
respectful they are not turned away as 

Secrecy must be for one of two objects 
either to conceal wrong or in order tc 
monopolize some good. But both these 
motives are evil. H your work is only 
good, "Let your light shine;" if evil 
"Come out from among them, and be ye 
separate, sait'h the Lord." — II. Cor. 6: 17. 


At a recent W. C. T. U. meeting the 
question was asked, "How about the se- 
cret temperance societies, would you 
condemn them? The following article is 
an excellent answer to this question: 

"After fifteen years of intimate and 
candid observation we are forced to the 
conclusion that no one force operates 
against the success of real temperance re- 
form so effectually as the effort to organ- 
ize the work under secret society meth- 

"First. The lodges divide the workers 
and thus impede the work. There are 
many earnest temperance workers who 
are kept out of all secret orders by con- 
scientious convictions that all such or- 
ders are wrong. Of course if, for con- 
science's sake, many cannot go into a 
secret lodge to do temperance work, 
and others, against such conviction, or 
without any conviction at all, go into the 
secret lodge, there will result no little di- 
vision of the workers, and the lodge will 
be hindered. Who is at fault when such 
a division results? We unhesitatingly 
charge the fault upon the secret lodge 
workers. We do this for the reason that 
they are the introducers of an innova- 
tion. Secret orders were not. divinely in- 
stituted; they are the creature of man's 
desire to gain advantage over his fellow- 
men, and to find protection that is not af- 
forded a guilty man by ordinary pro- 
cesses of law. Secret lodge temperance 
work is neither the normal nor the orig- 
inal method of reform work. It is a turn- 

November, 1899. 



ing aside from the established methods 
of carrying forward good enterprises. 
Many good people remain in the old 
paths of open, honest work, and call to 
those Who have departed therefrom to 
return from their wanderings, and their 
unholy alliance. If they refuse the call 
the unfortunate result of a divided force, 
and the consequent responsibility for 
much delay and many defeats, remains 
with the innovators. 

"Again, the lodge people themselves 
are much divided. A lodge of Good 
Templars, another of Sons of Temper- 
ance, another of Rec'habites, and still an- 
other of the Royal Templars of Temper- 
ance, all in a village of six thousand in- 
habitants. It is a multiplication of ways 
for spending money not demanded by 
the work, and the same is true of time 
and energy. Either they are alike or un- 
like in all the essential features. If se- 
crecy is essential, then one order would 
be sufficient. If they are different, then 
they are not pursuing temperance as the 
one end to be gained, and should not 
pose before the community as temper- 
ance orders. 

"2. This leads to a second and serious 
charge, that the lodges have encumbered 
the work by loading it down with many 
merely incidental and other foreign is- 
sues. For instance: How can life insur- 
ance be made a condition of temperance 
work? as in the case of the Royal Tem- 
plars. Again, the Rechabites exclude 
women. Surely they 'have a work to do, 
and has any set of men a right to monop- 
olize the work? 

"3. The fact that the lodge is a secret 
order is a source of weakness in itself. 
It is cowardly to take a good work from 
before the public and enshrine it behind 
sentinels, pass-words and grips, to be 
served by persons with high-sounding 
but meaningless names. Many a man is 
bold against the curse of rum when he is 
where all his hearers are pledged to 
"never reveal but always conceal the 
workings of this lodge," but when face 
to face with the enemy he is a coward. 
It is said we cannot successfully prosecute, 
the work and let our enemies know our 
plans. We reply, any moral reform that 
cannot take the open field of free and full 
discussion and effort is unworthy of any 
one's attention or thought. 

"Whatever be our object, it is unmanly 
to plot and scheme in secret to gain an 
advantage we have not courage to win in 
an open conflict. 

"The principal reason why the secret 
lodges are a certain hindrance is, in the 
fact that they are contrary to the divine 
order and therefore cannot count on the 
blessing of God. When God would lead 
the children of Israel into Canaan did he 
organize the various tribes into secret so- 
cieties? When Jesus would establish the 
Christian Church did he organize a se- 
cret lodge? When God would purge the 
corrupt church by the reformation fires 
did he organize Martin Luther and his 
co-adjutors into a secret lodge? When 
British Christianity had become only a 
name behind which was a spiritual dead- 
ness most shocking, and a moral corrup- 
tion disgraceful and ruinous, did God or- 
ganize John and Charles Wesley into a 
secret lodge? Nay, but God's ways are 
ever open, frank and honest, and if men 
would obtain God's blessing they must 
be in the divine order. Does any one 
suppose God can bless a work that is 
directly opposed to truth and righteous- 
ness? Those who do come to the light 
that their deeds may be manifest. Evil 
only has need of concealment and se- 
crecy. — The Bible Standard. 


Dr. Chas. Jewell, who was fifty years 
ago one of the most prominent temper- 
ance workers in this country, said that 
in his opinion the secret temperance so- 
cieties had set back the cause of prohi- 
bition at least "a quarter of a century!" 

Hon. Neal Dow said he had belonged 
to the Good Templars and really they 
did not accomplish much toward the de- 
struction of the liquor business; that is 
to say, they do not vote that way." 

In short, temperance is simply used as 
a kite*to carry up the tail of secrecy! 


News from China. 

More than four years ago, in the city 
of Foochow, China, a day school was 
started and named the "Christian Cyno- 
sure School." 



November, 1899. 

Rev. Mr. Geo. S. Miner has the charge 
of this and 187 more schools. 

There were forty scholars in the Cyno- 
sure School and some of the children 
have become Christians. The teacher is 
a Christian Chinaman named Huong Do 
Sing. In a letter which he wrote some 
time ago he said: "By the efforts of the 
Christian people and the favor of God we 
trust China will soon become a changed 

It takes about forty days for a letter to 
come to Chicago from Foochow. A few 
days ago a letter came from Mr. Miner, 
bringing news of the school. He says "if 
you would like a letter direct from the 
Christian Cynosure school to be pub- 
lished, let me know and I will have the 
school write one in Chinese and will send 
a translation." 

Mr. Miner also says he would be glad 
of some Chinese tracts about secret so- 
cieties to circulate, and he writes: "I do 
not believe there is a nation on earth so 
bound by secret societies, clans, guilds, 
etc., as China, and often for a person to 
become a Christian he has to step out and 
leave everything as Christian did in Pil- 
grim's Progress." 

Now will any little or large Cynosure 
reader who would be gilad to help the 
Chinese get free from the devil worship 
which they practice in their lodges send 
an offering to Mr. Phillips to help pub- 
lish a tract in the Chinese language? 

If you have only a few cents you can 
send stamps, and be sure when you send 
the money to send a prayer to heaven 
th<at God will bless the gift. 

Some of the day school children in 
China make beautiful silk book-marks, 
with the words in Chinese, "Come over 
and help us." If any Cynosure children 
would like to sell some of these book- 
marks to help pay the expense of a 
school where little heathen children learn 
of the love of God in Christ, if you will 
write to me I will send and get the book- 
marks. Address Box 100, Wheaton, 111. 
They cost ten cents apiece, and you 
might by selling ten get one dollar to 
pay toward a school. 

It takes about forty days for a letter to 
get to China and forty more for the an- 
swer to come back, so it will be nearly 
New Year's time when we hear again. 
Let us see how much we can do, in the 

meantime, to show our love for the dear 
little Chinese children! 

©ur lotion iranier. 

If you do not see what you want ask for it. 

Q. Have you found a satisfactory an- 
swer to the question why so many good, 
wise and able rnen either positively 
abandon Masonry or quietly withdraw? 

Why did Washington for thirty 
years, and Chief Justice Marshall for for- 
ty, avoid the lodge room? 

Q. Would it be wrong for me, a Chris- 
tian Endeavorer, and a Sunday school 
teacher, to join a secret society, a large 
number of whose members are infidels, 
and drunkards? — A Subscriber. 

A. I think it would, and the very fact 
that you are in doubt about it should set- 
tle the question in your own mind. — The 
"Telephone Exchange" of the Christian 
Endeavor World. 

This is a principle of wide ap]Hication. 
Doubt is often a sufficient negative. Give 
virtue "the benefit of the doubt." Avoid 
doubtful things, and have nothing to do 
with anything that you must be always 
explaining, always excusing. 

Q. How many oaths does a man take 
who is a 33d degree Mason? — R. J. 

A. Allowing every section of the ob- 
ligation to be a separate oath, a 33d de- 
gree Mason we find has taken one hun- 
dred and sixty-one oaths. 

Q. Are saloonkeepers admitted into 
Freemason lodges at the present time? — 
M. L. 

A. This question can be better an- 
swered, perhaps, by asking a few others, 
in return. Are Freemasons teetotalers? 
Are Knights Templar temperance men? 
What mean those loads of Whisky, wine 
and beer Which accompany the Knights 
Templar and Shriners when they go on 
their pilgrimages, or to attend their 
grand conclaves? 

Here in Chicago some of the leading 
Masons of the city are liquor men, such 
for example as Hogg, of the firm of Han- 
nah & Hogg, extensive saloonkeepers; 
Charley King, past master of Keystone 

November, 1899. 



Lodge, an old saloonkeeper; Lawrence 
Knrzka, the same; John W. Bo'hn, ditto; 
Schwan of Lincoln Fark Lodge, a whis- 
ky seller and rectifier, and so we might 
go on to mention McGarigle, a gambler 
and saloonkeeper; Varnell, Feldkamp, 
Burmeister, and, in fact more than one- 
half of the saloonkeepers in the city are 
either Masons or Odd Fellows. Then 
we have the leading brewers and distill- 
ers in the country nearly all prominent 
Masons and Odd Fellows. 

Yes, saloonkeepers are admitted to 
membership in Masonic lodges; they 
cannot be kept out; and even in States 
having local option or prohibitory liquor 
laws, although grand lodges sometimes 
pass anti-saloon resolutions, it is done 
more for effect than with any honest in- 
tention to become promoters of the tem- 
perance cause. The keeper of the low 
groggery is not wanted, because his pres- 
ence in the lodge would be more of a dis- 
grace than an honor to the order, but the 
wealthy liquor man, such as Lawrence of 
Massachusetts, and men who keep re- 
spectable saloons (if there be such a 
thing), have been, are now, and always 
will be welcome in Freemasonry. The 
thing itself sprung from a London grog 
shop in 1 71 7. E. Ronayne, 

Past Master Keystone Lodge, Chicago. 

Q. Was George Washington really a 
Freemason? — T. J. L. 

A. Washington was initiated into Ma- 
sonry when a young man, but in his ma- 
ture years it was distasteful to him to be 
addressed as a Mason, and in reply to a 
letter from Dr. Snyder, declared that he 
had not been in a lodge of Masons but 
once or twice in thirty years. He was to 
all intents and purposes a seceding Ma- 
son. The late Pius IX. was also a Ma- 
son, and was expelled from the Grand 
Orient after Garibaldi's triumphant entry 
into Rome. So were Aaron Burr and 
Benedict Arnold good Masons, lived and 
died as such, and so also were nearly all 
the Southern generals in the war of the 
rebellion, but connecting Washington's 
name with Freemasonry now is an insult 
to his memory, and every honest and in- 
telligent Mason knows it. 

A. The Grand Lodge of Michigan in 
1897 appointed a committee to examine 
into the condition of Masonry in that 
State. The following year that commit- 
tee brought in a report stating that they 
had found 12,000 Masons within the ju- 
risdiction of the Grand Lodge so care- 
less about Masonry that they would not 
pay $3 or $4 a year dues — these they 
called "renegade Masons" — Masons who 
would neither attend lodge nor pay dues. 

O. When the apostle said, "Him whom 
ye ignorantly worship declare I unto 
you," did he mean that the Athenians 
worshiped the true God? And if so, why 
is not Masonic worship true worship? 

A. We leave this question open and re- 
spectfully request answers from our cor- 


Is the Modern W'oodmen of America 
a secret order, and are our members al- 
lowed to belong to it. — F. A. Royer. 

It is classed with the secret societies, 
and it would be contrary to the rules of 
the church for any of our members to 
unite with the order. — The Gospel Mes- 
senger, June, '99. 

Iew0 of ©ur Pori 


Q. What is meant by renegade Ma- 


The convention was quite interesting. 
The address of welcome by the presi- 
dent, Rev. P. A. Mattson, was to the 
point, and well received. Rev. Doescher 
spoke on "Shall a Christian Join Secret 
Societies?'' The address- was well pre- 
pared and well delivered. It made an 
excellent impression on those present. 

Rev. C. E. McReynolds delivered an 
excellent address on "The Citizen and 
Secret Societies." This was a splendid 
paper, and well rendered. 

Rev. P. J. McDonald's subject was. 
"The Church's Testimony Against the 
Lodge." The speaker needs no praise. 

The following were chosen officers for 
the coming \ ear: 

President — Rev. P. J. McDonald. 

Vice President — Rev. James Eva. 



November, 1899. 

Secretary — Rev. M. L. Larson. 

Treasurer — Rev. J. I. Frazer. 

Field Agent — Rev. P, B. Williams. 

It was agreed to hold a convention 
next year, and that the Treasurer assess 
the Anti-Secrecy congregations of the 
State to the amount of at least $50 to 
defray the expenses of the convention. 
The time and place for holding the next 
convention shall be left to the President 
.and Field Agent. 

Rev. P. J. McDonald read an excellent 
paper on "The Church Testimony 
Against the Lodge." 

Rev. P. B. Williams spoke on "The 
Family and the Lodge," followed by 
Rev. C. E. McReynolds on "Some Rea- 
sons Why I Am Opposed to Masonry." 

Rev. J. I. Frazer delivered a very ex- 
cellent address on Jesuitism as a secret 
society. This was a very masterly ar- 
raignment of this secret order. 

Rev. N. H. Harriman spoke on "The 
Menace of Secretism." Mr. H. is a fine 
speaker. He takes strong grounds 
against the w'hole secret lodge system. 

Rev. E. Knappe, of Seattle, spoke on 
"The Church's Duty Concerning Secret 
Societies." That was a good address, 
very strong, and ably delivered. 

The Field Agent made the closing ad- 
dress ori the State and Secret Societies. 

The convention was well attended in 
the evenings, better than usual, but in the 
daytime the crowds were small. The in- 
terest was good throughout. 

We wish to again thank all who par- 
ticipated and helped to make- the conven- 
tion a success. ' P. B. W r illiams, 

Field Agent. 

Father Mathew to the Convention. 

Sept. 2, 1899. 

Dear Brethren and Friends of the Re- 
form Work, in Convention at Tacoma 
the 19th of September, 1899: Being re- 
quested by Rev. P. B. Williams to give 
you a brief history of the rise and prog- 
ress of the anti-secrecy work on the Pa- 
cific coast, I esteem it a great privilege 
to give you a hearty welcome to a few 
thoughts on the line of our work. 

I have been very desirous for a long 
time for some real reform work to be 
done on this coast. I had been getting a 
large amount of anti-secrecy literature 
from ^hicago and scattering it east and 
west, north and south, producing no 

small effect on the minds of many per- 
sons. TheTodge men did not appreciate 
this kind of work, and would tell me that 
I did not know anything about Mason- 
ry; I told them I was sure that I knew 
enougdi about it to condemn it, and that 
we would be better off without it. 

W. I. Phillips, secretary of the N. C..A. 
at Chicago, suggested to me the import- 
ance of getting up a convention in Ore- 
gon, in order to organize an association 
as a branc'h of the N. C. A. I fully en- 
dorsed the propriety of such a move. By 
the help of God I concluded to publish 
a convention to be held in Canby, Ore., 
in August, 1892, and worked it up as fast 
as we could, and it was a success. We 
had a good turnout; there were thirty^ 
two ministers, and we organized with a 
little over 400 members who signed the 
constitution. Myself was made president 
for one year, and Rev. P. B. Williams 
secretary. At the close of the year I 
resigned in favor of Bishop Dillon. 

Rev. P. B. Williams made me a propo- 
sition to talce the place of Field Agent. 
I told him I would not employ any one 
for the one purpose of lecturing against 
the lodges. I said a minister should de- 
clare the whole counsel of God and 
preach Christ and him crucified and to 
condemn the lodges by the Scriptures. 
Bro. Williams said that was just his be- 
lief, so I employed him on those condi- 
tions, and he has lived up to the agree- 
ment, I believe fully. He has caused 
many to leave the lodges and has kept 
many from going into them, and no 
doubt has stimulated many to become 
good workers on the reform line. He 
has got many subscribers for the Cyno- 
sure. He is a grand reformer. He has 
been the rig J ht man in the right place, and 
he has had many revival meetings by the 
preaching of the pure gospel. 

We have made a very good beginning 
on this coast. But it is a very small 
thing compared to what needs to be done 
as soon as possible. We should implore 
God's help day by day, continually, and 
treat everybody kindly and lovingly, and 
1 give Masons and lodge men a good rea- 
son to believe that we are their friends. 

All seceding Masons are grand heroes. 
They are well tried men, and come out on 
the right side. Their testimony against 
Masonry is good. There are a great 

Nov* mber, 1899. 



many of such living witnesses to-day on 
this coast. 

It must be conceded that Rev. P. B. 
Williams has made a very goocl success, 
considering his uncultivated field. He 
began his reform work by honoring the 
pure gospel of Christ and leading sin- 
ners to repentance. 

What we need most on this coast and 
everywhere else is for each' one for him- 
self to seek enough of the grace of God 
to help him to love the lodge people as he 
loves himself, and to labor with them, and 
for their good, in the name of the Lord 
Jesus, and for his glory; because he tast- 
ed death for every man. There will be a 
two-fold benefit in getting them to se- 
cede; we will also have their testimony. 
We should do all we can as a duty we 
owe to God, and for his sake. 

Some plan should be adopted to get 
more life into this coast work immedi- 
ately, so as to not lose any of the good 
work that has been done. We need to 
have an agent at work all the time. The 
N. C. A. is the mother of this coast work 
and she ought to take the matter into 
council and help us on with this work. 
We need a large amount of anti-secrecy 
literature spreak broadcast, as it is the 
means of getting many out of the lodges. 
I have tried it successfully. 

Very much praying for divine help, 
while engaged in the work, is very im- 
portant. S. Mathew. 


Lima, Ohio, Oct. 19, 1899. 

Dear Cynosure: Had friends been in 
tlie country near New Hope, Va., about 
1 1 o'clock on the night of September 20, 
they might have seen your representa- 
tive in the midst of a rapid-Mowing river, 
the rain falling and the water coming 
into the body of the carriage so that his 
feet were only kept dry by keeping them 
on the dashboard. 

We were returning to Bro. Garber's 
from the lecture delivered in the New 
Hope Hall. I began speaking at 8 
•o'clock, but man)- came an hour earlier 
and sat on backless benches. 

While preparing for the convention 
soon to be held in Columbus, I have 
found many opportunities to present 
truth on reform lines. One Sabbath was 

spent at Reynoldsburg, Ohio, another at 
Utica, Ohio. The U. P. and Covenanter 
churches at these points welcomed the 
truths I had to bring. They will be rep- 
resented in the Columbus gathering. I 
write this while at a meeting of the joint 
synod of Ohio Lutherans. The attend- 
ance is larger than any it has been my 
privilege to attend. Your agent accepted 
the invitation to address the synod this 
a. m. The response in Cynosure sub- 
scriptions shows no backward move- 
ment along the lines of reform. 

Early this morning I visited the col- 
lege of which our State President Long 
is president. This is a young, rising in- 
stitution, giving great promise for the fu- 
ture. About one hundred and fifty stu- 
dents, with seven instructors, are the 
present figures. 

Many pastors of this synod plan to at- 
tend the Columbus convention. The out- 
look for a helpful gathering is, indeed, 

A strong program is arranged, printed 
and awaiting circulation. I hope to see 
Columbus again before midnight to- 

Our former State President, Bro. H. J. 
Becker, of Dayton, Ohio, is slowly re- 
covering. His health has been much im- 
paired. An operation brought relief. I 
found him rejoicing in the Christian's 
hope, his interest unabated in reform. He 
likes the Cynosure much better than in 
other years. W. B. Stoddard. 


We arranged with Air. Ronayne for a 
series of lectures on Freemasonry the 
23d and 24th of September. The meet- 
ings were held two miles north of Hud- 
son, 111., in the Brethren Church, the op- 
position being so strong as to make it 
out of the question to get the use of a 
church-house in the village. Notwith- 
standing this the attendance was fairly 
good, and the interest excellent. Mr. 
Ronayne handled the subject in a con- 
vincing way, going over the ground pret- 
ty thoroughly in the four lectures. Mr. 
Ronayne made it very plain that Free- 
masonry is identically the same as an- 
cien't Baal worship, and one of his lead- 
ing characteristics is the "proving of all 
things and holding fast to that which is 



November, 1899. 

good." We are not so sanguine about 
any being brought out of the lodge, but 
possibly some will be kept from going in, 
while there is one thing sure, at least, 
many Christians will be strengthened by 
these meetings. 

Mr. Ronayne also showed us very 
plainly that Masonry* is the mother, and 
the others are the daughters, and the 
daughter very much resembles the moth- 
er. Some representative lodge men here 
say, or claim, all that has been said is 
void of the truth, but this is accounted 
for when we remember that these men 
are sworn to conceal and never to reveal, 
even before they themselves know what 
they were going into, and for this reason 
it may be nearer the truth to understand 
a lodgeman to mean the opposite of what 
he. says. The idea that any system that 
stands for the elevation and purification 
of mankind, being kept, so far as details 
are concerned, a profound secret, under 
penalty, is foreign to common sense, rea- 
son or truth. The charity of these false 
systems is to protect the protected, not 
in any sense those who need it most. 

W. E. Snavely. 

Hudson, 111., Sept. 29, 1899. 


Sept. 23, 1899. 
Every Lord's day afternoon this sum- 
mer has found me in Rice Park, St. Paul, 
Minn., proclaiming the gospel, warning 
the people against lodge demonology, 
each time having with me a small valise 
filled with lodge rituals and lodge publi- 
cations, showing how the wrath of God 
is revealed from heaven against the men 
and women that join lodges. Especially 
warning God's people against the pastors 
that are silent about lodge ritualism, or 
advocate that sort of worship. 

Rev. W. Fenton. 
74 South Robert Street, St. Paul, Minn. 


Chicago, Oct. 17, 1899. 
And still another story is told of Mr. 
Lincoln. It was during that terrific or- 
deal of waiting developments that might 
justify him in the issue of his immortal 
Emancipation proclamation, that -a giant 

mind in a dwarfed body intruded itself 
upon the valued time and privacy of the 
President, to offer additional reasons for 
hastening the long delayed but devoutly 
prayed for document. As the pigmy, 
whose head scarcely reached above the 
tall man's knee, was about taking his de- 
parture, Mr. Lincoln, with a merry twin- 
kle in his eye, yet half abstractedly, re- 
marked, as he looked down upon his vis- 
itor : "Every little helps." It was this 
principle which actuated the writer a few 
days since in undertaking a little anti- 
secret missionary work. 

Three religious delegated conventions 
were simultaneously in session in our 
city. Two of these bodies gave the mis- 
sionary a cordial welcome and unrestrict- 
ed privileges to their councils, but the 
third, if not more wise, was certainly 
more cautious. The pastor of the church,, 
in which this council was held, was not a 
secretist himself, but a most sensitive 
apologist for such of his brethren as 
might be lodge men. The question at 
issue was whether anti-secret literature 
might be given the delegates. The con- 
versation was in the vestibule of the 
church during the time the convention 
was in session. The pastor's arguments 
were that just as good men belonged to 
the lodge as to our churches, and if you 
don't belong to the lodge yourself it is im- 
possible for you to know anything about 
it, and kindred sophistical twaddle that is 
quite too current. Just as the pastor was: 
saying that he had no right to offend a, 
brother by handing him a tract, a gen- 
tleman ascended the stairs and the pas- 
tor seized upon the occasion for a prac- 
tical illustration, and a re-enforcement 
of his argument. He said: "Now here 
comes a good brother Mason, who is a 
member of my church, and I have no 
right to give him offense." "Hold on 
there, doctor," said the gentleman ; "I am 
no longer a Mason. I have my eyes open 
and I have had enough of it." Then he 
confirmed and added to all that the mis- 
sionary had said. He told his pastor of 
the sacrilegious mockery of the lodge 
over the resurrection, of the elimination 
of Jesus Christ from their forms of wor- 
ship, and other impious practices, which 
were such a revelation to the pastor that 
he withdrew his objection to further 
light being thrown upon the subject. 

November, 1899. 



Just what truth had been effectual in 
dissipating the error of this man, or the 
kind of salve with which this blind man's 
•eyes had been anointed, and sight re- 
stored, we may never know, but let us 
be encouraged with the thought that 
"ever little helps." 

J. M. Hitchcock. 


Bro. W. I. Phillips — Dear Sir: I am 
still at the Master's business as the way 
opens up, and I am seeing the good ef- 
fect of some of my work. I was glad 
Bro. P. S. Clement, at East Springport, 
gave his renunciation and experiences in 
the Knights of Pythias. He was the first 
one that owned up to me that the ex- 
pose that I showed him was correct. I 
am encouraged to work on, for one soul 
saved from the pitfalls of hell is worth 

I am trying to get a Free Methodist 
preacher to send in his experiences in 
secret orders to the Cynosure; he has 
been a member of five different secret or- 
ders. I have hopes of two other Masons 
•coming out; one told me that he used to 
think that I was a crank on Freemason- 
ry, and that he joined the order when in a 
backslidden state, but he had returned to 
the Lord and the Lord had shown him 
that his Masonry was wrong. 

I expect to do all that I can this fall 
and winter, as the Lord shall use me, in 
telling to others what He has saved me 
from. God does not save us in our sins, 
but from our sins. It was hard for me to 
give up the Masonic lodge, to which so 
many preachers belong. I tried to hold 
on to both the lodge and church, but 
now I thank the Lord that He required 
me to come out and be separate from the 
lodge and He has promised to be a Fath- 
er to me, praise His holy name. 

I hardly know what to think of a 
preacher or any other Christian that will 
take three degrees of Masonry and then 
does not and will not warn others to get 
out and stay out, and get out themselves. 
Ezekiel 33: 6, was written on my heart 
after God saved me; the devil reminded 
me of the obligation which I took, but 
he did not remind me of what God says 
about not taking such oaths and about 
confessing the sin if one does take them. 

Leviticus 5: 4-5. I confessed my sin to 
God and as I had promised the Masons 
that I would warn a brother when I saw 
him in any danger, so> I feel like warning 
him to renounce his Masonry, even if I 
have to do it at the risk of my life; in- 
deed, I have to do it to save my own soul. 
(Luke 12: 2-6.) Jasper J. Tucker. 
Spring Arbor, Mich., Oct. 1, 1899. 

§5&0 ant) €n&0- 

A little four-year-old was in an upper 
berth in a sleeping car. Waking in the 
night, he was asked if he knew where he 
was. "Tourse I do," was the answer. 
"I'm in the top drawer." 

"I wish we had a horseless carriage," 
said the farmer's son. "We have," re- 
plied the farmer, "and, now that you 
speak of it you might as well get it and 
bring a load of potatoes up to the house." 

A lodge can pay its tribute to the memory 
of Washington privately in the lodge room, 
but should not appear in public. Kansas 
Grand Lodge Report, 1898. 

Especially as Washington certified that 
during the last thirty years of his life he 
was never in the lodge more than once or 

The Rebekahs of Idaho are determined to 
have an O. F. Home, and have assessed them- 
selves five cents each per annum for that pur- 
pose. The wa}- to have a home for the in- 
digent and orphan is to go to work and get 
it— Odd Fellows' Companion. 

Five cents a year is the interest of 
about one dollar. At that rate the home 
may be ready for their grandchildren's 

"I shall have to ask you for a ticket 
for that boy, ma'am." "I guess v not." 
"He's too old to travel free. He occu- 
pies a whole seat and the car is crowded. 
There are people standing up." "That's 
all right." "I haven't time to argue the 
matter, ma'am. You'll have to pay for 
that boy." "I've never paid for him yet 
and I am not going to begin now." "You 
have got to begin some time. If you 
haven't had to put up fare for him you're 
mighty lucky or else you don't do much 



November, 1899. 

traveling." "That's all right." "You'll 
pay for that boy, ma'am, or I'll stop the 
train and put him off." "That's all right. 
You put him off if you think that's the 
'way to get anything out of me." "You 
ought to know what the rules of this road 
are, ma'am. How old is that boy?" "I 
don't know. I never saw him before." — 
Philadelphia Press. 


There is a set of cant expressions and 
claims with which one becomes familiar 
if he hears much about Masonry. Ma- 
sons are and must be good men, all the 
Presidents have been Masons ; Solomon 
and Washington were masters of the 
lodge, and so on. 

The truth is that Masons without num- 
ber are anything and almost everything 
except good ; that Solomon lived many 
centuries before Masonry came into ex- 
istence, and that Washington lived many 
years after he ceased to attend Masonic 

Several of the Presidents were never 
Masons and some of them have been 
anti-Masons. Still the tiresome cant goes 
on about good men, great men, Solomon 
and Washington. 


"At the subordinate meetings this 
week, in nearly all instances the elective 
officers treated the members by passing 
cigars. In the Rebekah lodges chewing 
gum has been the principal feature." — 
Colorado Odd Fellow. 

The progressive pedro party given by De- 
troit Division No. 35, Knights of the Loyal 
Guard, at their parlors in the Valpey build- 
ing, on the evening of Sept. 2(3, was a social 
success in every way. Every available space 
had been reserved for pedro tables, and every 
table was occupied. Fully two hundred of 
the Sir Knights, their ladies and friends as- 
sembled and the occasion was a happy one 
for all present. Each lady was presented 
with a floral souvenir on her arrival. Seven 
games of pedro were played as the first order 
of the program, and solid silver prizes were 
awarded— a first and second to ladies and 
first and second to gentlemen. The musical 
program was exceptionally good as well as 
the elocution selections. The Supreme of- 

ficers present made brief addresses and all 
in all Detroit Division scored another credit 
mark in their record of unique and interest- 
ing entertainments. — Loyal Guard. 

It is hard to see anything 
about gambling in a lodge. 



O traveler, who hast wandered far 
'Neath Southern sun and Northern star r . 
Say where the fairest regions are! 

Friend, underneath whatever skies 
Love looks in love-returning eyes, 
There are the bowers of paradise. 
— Clinton Scollard. 

"Are you the defendant in this case?'" 
asked the judge, sharply. "No, suh," 
answered the mild-eyed prisoner. "I has 
a lawyer hired ter to do de defendin'. I's 
de man dat done stole de ahticles." 

If an S and an I and an O and a U, 
With an X at (the end, spell Su, 
And an E and a Y and an E an I, 
Pray, what is the speller to do? 
Then if, also, an S and an I and a G, 
And an H E D spell cide, 
There's nothing much left for the speller 

to do, 
Than to go and commit Siouxeyesighed. 

The bigotry of many centuries is fast 
faMing before the advancing sceptre of 
fraternity. — The Loyal Guard, June, '99.. 

You don't say so! The life insurance 
"sceptre" must be cutting quite a swath.. 

Bobby — What is that which occurs 
once in a minute and twice in a moment, 
but not once in a hundred years? 

Tommy— I don't know. I'll give it 

Bobbv— The letter M.— Selected. 

A dancing party followed, and the three 
hundred guests present had a most delight- 
ful time the entire evening. 

Division No. 48 meets every Wednesday 
night at G. A. R. Hall. — Loyal Guard. 

There is where old line insurance fails j 
it attends strictly to business and does 
not provide dancing parties. 

November, 1899. 



Jten>0paper0 anh Morm- 


Pastors who oppose secretists are de- 
cried as narrow-minded, while others 
who freely admit them are praised as 

The former, however, have their minds 
on the narrow way, and are governed by 
its principles. This is a commendable 
narrow-mindedness, for it leads to eternal 

Comparatively only a few side with 
them, for the simple reason that Christ 
says of the narrow way : "And few there 
be that find it." 

The "broad-minded" pastors often 
have their minds on the broad way and 
are imbued with its spirit. Although 
they have many adherents, for Christ 
says of the broad gate, "And many there 
be which go in thereat," nevertheless 
their broad-mindedness leads to destruc- 

As servants of Christ we have no right 
to lower the standards of his word and 
to make compromises with the unfruitful 
words of darkness. — Lutheran Standard. 



Last winter at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, in Philadelphia, there were a 
number of very disorderly occurrences 
on the part of rival classes of the students. 
In the course of one of these escapades 
the son of a professor in the Medical De- 
partment was confined in a closely 
guarded room of the "fraternity houses." 
It has often occurred to me that it is in 
these darkened secret chambers, fre- 
quently, that opportunity is in many 
cases taken to devise schemes of hazing 
and to concoct other disreputable plots. 
Instances could be given of very cruel 
procedures in connection with initiations 
into the college Greek Letter fraternities. 

Controls the Legislature. 

A young Friend, lately a student at 
one of the State universities in the West. 
writing to me enclosed a freshly written 

account by one of the professors, in 
which it was shown that the secret Greek- 
fraternities were disallowed for a number 
of years after the opening of the institu- 
tion until the machinations of some of the 
students having membership in a certain 
fraternity resulted in their adult sympa- 
thizers influencing the Legislature to 
withhold the usual annual appro- 
priation in aid of the university. 
The prohibitory rule was eventually 
rescinded, and the fraternities ef- 
fected their coveted entrance. The 
professor sending the account, neverthe- 
less, testifies: "I believe a majority of the 

faculty regard these fraternities as 

an unmitigated nuisance." — North Caro- 
lina Friend of Oct. 6, 1899. 


Men sin by proxy in maintaining mem- 
bership in fraternities, associations and 
organizations which are committed to 
unrighteous principles or in which the 
balance of power is on the side of un- 
righteousness. As a rule, secret societies- 
are organized and operated on 'a prin- 
ciple of pure selfishness, and, if "good 
men" do belong to them, it does not 
prove the principle of selfish oath-bound 
secrecy right, but only shows how in this 
particular the otherwise "good men" be- 
longing to them are "partakers of other 
men's sins." If I belong to a lodge or 
worldly society of any kind, and that 
lodge or society votes to have a ball, a 
Sabbath excursion, or a Sabbath picnic, 
however pious I may be and however 
loudly I may protest against the decision 
of the rest, who overrule my protest. I 
am a member of the body which, in its 
corporate capacity, voted to do the evil 
thing, and, because of that. 1 am par- 
taker of the sins of the rest. In other 
words, I do by proxy in such a case the 
wrong I would not consent to personally. 

As Lot lost his power of testimony by 
living in Sodom, though he was person- 
ally "a just man." so one loses his power 
of testimony who in the foregoing or in 
other ways enters into or continues in 
affiliation with iniquitous persons or un- 
holy associations. Separation from sin- 
ners is God's rule \or saints first, last an.; 
ahvavs. "Neither be ye partakers «,« 
other men's sins." — Free Methodist. 



November, 1899. 

Standard Works 


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Freemasonry Illustrated. First 

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Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

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®hort Editorials 225 

Fraternal Insurance Fraud 228 

Masonic Record of General Washington. .229 

Mistaken Benevolence 230 

Washington's Burial Directions . 231 

General and Particular Sins 232 

Rebuking Public Vices , . . . . .., . .234 

A "Touching" Incident 236 

A Good Example .237 

The Lodge Creed 237 

Mormonism an Oath-bound Organization . 237 

Cornell's Human Sacrifice .239" 

Institutions of Deviltry and Learning. . . .240 

Katipunan Society 243 

The Philippines' K. K. K. (Illustrated). . .244 

The Cruel "Three K's" 245 

Obituaries 246 

Seeeders' Testimonies 247 

The Home and the Lodge 247 

The Question Drawer 249- 

News of Our Work 250 

New England Letter 254 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend,. 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 


President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, Sioux 
Center, Iowa. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— William 
I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook,. 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wyl'ie, H. F. 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Salem,. Ore.; Rev, 
William Fenton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, Washington, D. C. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



22/ West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffioe, Chicago, 111., as second class 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.— We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case, 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for Thb Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 22 1 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

For safety — "The law of his God is in 
his heart, none of his steps shall slide." — 

Ps. 37: 31. v 

For work — "That the man of God may 
be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all 
good works." — 2 Tim. 3: 17. 

You are especially invited to subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure, and to no- 
tice the offers in this number for new 
readers. Now is the time to renew your 
subscription and to send in new ones. 

Dec. 14 is the centennial of the Wash- 
ing-ton entombment. 

"Judge this rather that no man put a 
stumbling block or an occasion to fall in 
his brother's way." May not your secret 
society membership be a stumbling block' 
or an occasion to fall in the way of your 

Hide your Masonic jewelry lest it dis- 
count your good sense or your personal 
character. Even if you have done some- 
thing silly or worse, you need not tell ev- 
everybody, or make constant public con- 

The conventions this month are to be 
held in Massachusetts and in Missouri. 
The latter is to be an interstate gather- 
ing, and we hope to meet friends from 
Kansas and Nebraska as well as from 

Since our last number was issued 
State conventions have been held in 
Ohio, Michigan and Iowa, and in the 
State of New York. More prayers and 
more gifts will put more workers into the 
field and bring still greater blessing to 
the home, the church and the commu- 

The four Washington numbers of the 
Cynosure for September, October, No- 
vember and December, 1899, will be sent 
in one package to any address for 25 
cents.- Either number singly for 10 cents. 
Please remit only by postal note, if your 
office is an order office. A broadside 
containing a collection of articles timely 
and serviceable in this centennial month 
will be mailed on receipt of 8 cents with 
the address of the sender, or any person 
designated, plainly written. 



December, 1899. 

I hope The Cynosure friends will ask^ 
their pastors to read the two articles on 
publicly rebuking popular evils. 

How much have you contributed this 
year towards the work of the National 
Christian Association? Has it been 
prayerfully considered? May you do 
quickly what God would have you do. 

"The Keystone says: 'Masonry is a 
moral, intellectual, social and convivial 
society.' 'Convivial' is good. A new 
landmark, and that, too, in Pennsylva- 
nia." — Tyler, Aug. I. 

Not so very new, either. 

Few things, to our mind, are so dead- 
ening to spiritual life and power as the 
associations of the lodge, and we are very 
sure that the w ! hole system is a snare of 
■the enemy. — North Carolina Friend, 
Oat. 6, 1899. 

An Illinois lodge a few days ago con- 
tributed one to the number of the slain 
while being initiated. The killing was 
similar to that at Hepburn, Iowa, re- 
cently, where the "patent spanker" and 
loaded cartridge were used. 

"In India and the Malay archipelago we 
have the Mohammedan and Parsees, followers 
of Mohammed and Zoroaster, but believers 
in the one God, be he called Jehovah, Allah, 
or the Almighty, and these people are de- 
voted Free Masons."— John C. Smith's Ma- 
sonic oration, Oct. 5, 1898. 

It is suggested that the Illinois Free- 
masons be addressed by Grand Orator 
Smith on the subject of saving the drink 
money of Masonic banquets, as a con- 
tribution to the missionary society, to 
send more Christian missionaries to these 
"devoted Freemasons." 

The American Tyler of Aug. 1 states 
that "numerous members of Tammany 
Hall are Masons." That accounts for its 
many virtues. 

The Fraternal Record, quoted in the 
Tyler, reports multitudes of Shriners 
among the volunteers in the Philippines. 
Charles L. Fields, Past Imperial Poten- 
tate of tihe Imperial Council, A. A. O. N. 
M. S., took an 8,000-mile trip to attend 
the annual session in Buffalo, but first ini- 

tiated at least 100 members of the Manila 
army into the Ancient Arabic Order of 
the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

William McKinley was initiated into 
the same "Imperial" Caaba soon after he 
became President, and this may help ac- 
count for his "Imperial Potentate" style 
of Imperialism. 

Many members of secret orders seem. 
ashamed to wear the badge or emblem of 
their society. — Loyal Guard. 

That shows their good sense. 

Bay City Division, No. 48, commemorated; 
the addition of one hundred new members 
in three months by giving a musical and 
dancing program at a May Festival held 
May 18, 1899.— Loyal Guard. 

What was the chaplain's part in add- 
ing the hundred new members and in 
commemorating the addition? 

Our readers will be glad to hear that 
Joseph Cook has taken up his pen agaim 
He is so much improved in health that 
for six months he has been doing liter- 
ary work. His physician in Boston has 
now authorized him to speak on Sundays, 
and for this we may all congratulate our- 
selves as well as the distinguished Boston 

"Virginia Masons are calling attention 
to the apparent oversight of the Grand 
Lodge, which have thrust upon them to 
celebrate the centennial anniversary of 
George Washington's death, December 
14, to contribute to the expense thereof. 
Virginia, Utah, Idaho, Florida, New Jer- 
sey, Colorado, Kansas, Delaware, and 
Michigan — "Tyler, Aug. 1. 

Now which does that language illus- 
trate— ^some new Masonic cipher, or 
"convivial" Masonry? 

"In India I met many of the native Free 
Masons, and among them the Parsees, de- 
scendants of the ancient Persians, and they 
are enthusiastic Free Masons." — John Cor- 
son Smith, Illinois Grand Orator, on "Free- 
masonry Universal," in Voice of Masonry. 

Would they be enthusiastic if Mason- 
ry were "founded on the Bible," or if it 
proved to be a "handmaid of Christian- 
ity?" The same writer tells how he 
found the Koran on the Masonic altar in 
Mohammedan Egypt. 

December, 1899. 



Fathers and mothers whose children 
are at school cannot but read with deep 
interest the article in this number on the 
death of Berkeley. It seems to us that 
parents deeply sin who send children to 
institutions where secret Greek letter fra- 
ternities are allowed. 

The portrait of Prof. King will be 
hailed with delight by those who listened 
to his masterly address at our Confer- 
ence in Chicago in 1890. Since that time 
he has succeeded to the position in Ober- 
lin College that ex-President Charles G. 
Finney occupied for so long a time as 
teacher of systematic theology. One of 
the closing sentences in Prof. King's ad- 
dress just referred to follows : 

"Recognizing marked differences in 
secret societies as a whole, I have denied 
the claim of secret lodges to antiquity. I 
have denied their claim to possess secret 
knowledge. I have denied their claim to 
be justified by the membership of good 
men, and have shown without condemn- 
ing their motives how the honest mem- 
bership of such men is possible. I have 
denied their claim to be benevolent socie- 
ties. I have adverted to their childish- 
ness, and have endeavored to show that 
in spite of moral aims or claims the 
single distinctive element of secrecy, 
with what this involves, makes the whole 
lodge system injurious in its effects on 
society and the individual." 

The growth of this oath-bound order 
called Mormonism is worthy of serious 
attention. Dr. McNiece says : "Mormon- 
ism never had so much political power 
as it has to-day. It virtually controls 
Utah, Idaho, Wyoming and Arizona, 
and in a close election would hold the 
balance of power in other States, thereby 
securing in Congress quite a group of 
men naturally ready to oppose any leg- 
islation which the Mormons might not 

Much valuable literature is being cir- 
culated in connection with the petition 
praying that Congress shall unseat 
Brigham H. Roberts, but none of this 
literature teaches that the obligation 
which binds the Mormon makes him 
largely what he is. It is this obligation 
that makes Mormons as well as Masons. 

Read the article of Dr. Wallace, end es- 
pecially the decision of the Supreme 
Court, declaring that a man holding to- 
such obligations is unfit for American 
citizenship. Mormons, Masons, Clan- 
na-Gaels, Highbinders and Brothers of 
the Mafia ought to be disfranchised until 
they renounce and forsake their lodge 
obligations. The scythe of Judge An- 
derson would mow them all into one 

The Mormons of To-day" reminds 
us that "the census of 1890 reports 1,058 
Mormon communicants in Nebraska, 
1,106 in Kansas, 1,336 in Wyoming, 
1,396 in California, 1,540 in Michigan, 
1,762 in Colorado, 5,303 in Iowa, 6,500 
in Arizona, 14,972 in Idaho. In Utah the 
Mormons are about three-fifths of the 
entire population, which is about 280,- 

Dr. Strong says in his "Political As- 
pects of Mormonism," page 13 : "When 
the Mormon Church of six members was 
was organized in 1830, if any one had 
prophesied that within three score years 
and ten the membership of that church 
would virtually control three of the great 
States of the Union and one Territory, 
hold the balance of power in several oth- 
ers, and own most of the land fit for agri- 
culture from the Rocky Mountains to 
the Sierra Nevada — an area equal to that 
of France, Great Britain and Ireland 
combined — he would have been called as 
foolish as the deluded followers of the 
pretended prophet." 

The wage-workers have a perfect right 
to combine and assist one another; but 
the trades unions, as at present managed, 
are one of the great evils of the time. 
The war that is made on non-union 
workers, that seeks to prevent their 
working, that does not hesitate to 
threaten their lives, and has even result- 
ed in the death of numbers, is familiar to 
the readers of the press of our country. 
The labor unions of Chicago have "out- 
Heroded Herod" in their demands that 
the Chicago Common Council shall deny 
police protection to the property where 
a strike is in progress, and shall with- 
draw all police protection from non- 
union workers. And they make this 



December, 1899. 

shameless proposition against Christian 
men who must labor with their hands for 
the support of wife and children, and in 
the face of the constitutional rights guar- 
anteed to every American citizen. 

By the side of such an outrage the de- 
mand which they made and enforced 
against the Government of the United 
States in compelling it to substitute the 
corner-stone having the labor union 
mark on it for the one prepared by the 
Government pales into insignificance. 
Can any one doubt the correctness of the 
position of such churches as the Free 
Methodist in prohibiting members of 
labor unions their fellowship? If any 
•one does, let him ponder the following 
extract from the obligation given to 
members of the Detroit Typographical 
Union, which is practically that given to 
the members of all of the different trades 
unions : 

I (give name) hereby solemnly and sincere- 
ly swear (or affirm) that I will not reveal any 
business or proceeding of any meeting of 
this union; * * * that my fidelity to the 
union and my duties to the members there 
of shall in no case be interfered with or 
trenched upon by any allegiance that I may 
now or hereafter owe to any other organiza- 
tion, social, political or religious, secret or 


(The case of J. C. Root, Head Consul 
of the Modern Woodmen of America, 
recalled. See the Chicago papers of Oct. 
30, 1899.— Ed.) 

Tuesday a systematic series of frauds were 
exposed by suits which were brought by an 
insurance society, Chicago Council, No. 420, 
against several of its members. Ten persons 
were implicated, and it was shown through 
these that at least ten policies had been col- 
lected that were written on either a dying 
person or a mythical one, carried on the book 
until a suitable corpse could be brought for- 
ward to represent the name, when the money 
would be collected. On the ten fraudulent 
cases discovered in this council the policies 
aggregated $30,000, and the attorney for the 
society said that they had all been canceled. 
Those that are known to have been success- 
fully carried through aggregate $10,000. The 
mystery is how so many spurious policies 
could have been collected by the same bene- 
ficiaries, in a single council, who were offi- 
cers of the organization, without arousing 
the suspicions of the superior officers. One 

man, a physician in supposedly good standing 
hitherto, confessed that he not only made a 
false affidavit as to the death of James Kane, 
but that he appeared at the funeral as the 
stricken brother, and wept salt tears on the 
coffin lid of Hoban, whose remains served 
as a substitute for the unfortunate Kane. 
He rode in the first carriage to the grave, 
and wept again at the grave. For these tears 
and false oaths he received $100. Later Mar- 
garet Sheehan, the bookkeeper of the coun- 
cil, and some man who represented himself 
as Frank Kane, brother of James, and the 
beneficiary, collected the $2,800 due on the 
policy, while the honest widow of James 
Kane, who was in utter ignorance of the 
insurance and of the part her late husband 
was playing in the syndicate council No. 420, 
lived on in poverty. Miss Sheehan, who 
claims she had been keeping false books and 
covering up the swindles of the other officers 
for a small percentage of the policies, con- 
cluded that it was her turn to make a kill- 
ing, and so kept the whole amount. This 
stirred up a fight, which, after many wild 
scenes and much crimination and recrimina- 
tion, resulted in the discovery of the plot and 
the arrest of the conspirators.— Weekly Inter 
Ocean, Oct. 31, 1899. 


"Believe in God, not in Jehovah or a 
god of any man, not in this God or that 
God, but in a Supreme Power making for 
righteousness; in a holy one, superior to 
man, whose wisdom, order and beauty is 
visible on every side, is necessary to a per- 
fect character, and every Masonic lodge 
gives plain evidence of such belief. ,, 

The above specimen of jumbled En- 
glish is credited to Rev. W. Copeland by 
the Masonic Signet. 

Its religious or irreligious quality is not 
much better than its grammatical and 


Spurious letters attributed to Wash- 
ington were a trouble to him in his life- 
time and were the subject of a communi- 
cation by him to the Secretary of State. 
His methodical habits and his custom of 
retaining copies in his letter book, make 
the task of separating spurious letters 
from genuine easier and more satisfac- 
tory. It is safe to consult his published 
correspondence where there is any doubt. 

December, 1899. 



The special verification of me Snyder let- 
ter by Jared Sparks, his eminent biog- 
rapher, is valuable. His own testimony 
and that furnished by Chief Justice Mar- 
shall and the second Governor Trumbull 
are not easily impeached. 


"We recently observed a lodge notice 
in which an invitation was extended to all 
members in good standing, also their 
widows, wives, and daughters. Now, we 
doubt if the members that have widows 
can be classed as in good standing." — 
Masonic Constellation. 


"The craft in America are deeply in- 
debted to the learned historians of En- 
gland for their careful observations of 
the conduct of Masonry in America. It 
seems as though nothing escaped those 
learned Masonic enthusiasts, and it is 
well, because they hold the Institution to 
.the standard fixed by its founders. Bro. 
W. J. Hugan, Torquay, England, is one 
of the most active of the few great his- 
torians who is jealous for the 'Mother 
Lodge' of the world." — Amer. Tyler. 

But how can the Mother Lodge be in 
England, and how could its members be 
founders, when Masonry is ages on ages 
older than the oldest English ruin, and 
John the Baptist and Solomon and Adam 
were Masons; and most of Adam's pos- 
terity who distinguished themselves 
learned all they knew in the Masonic 
lodge; and — we can't tell the rest; it is 
too long. 


The Syracuse Herald reported a court 
case in which the question of the veracity 
of a certain witness came up. Five wit- 
nesses were called, two of whom were 
lawyers, one being also a member of the^ 
faculty of Columbia Law School. All 
were from New York City, and all testi- 
fied unfavorably to the witness. All but 
the one from the law school were Ma- 
sons, that is, one lawyer, one restaurant 

manager and two chiropodists. The dis-